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VA AA -ASi
OUR FIRST CHRISTMAS Holiday Celebrated in America Before Time of Columbus. The. Christian Norsemen Undoubtedly Observed the Occasion on the New England Coast In Early Colonial Days. HILE tlio settle ment of tho Amer ican continent 18 modern ami Its hlltory clearly de fluod, p ro I) a li I y thorn woro Christ mas celebrations In what Ih now tho United StatcH several oetiturlcB before tho first voyage of Colon). bus. Tho chron icles of Iceland teli the story of the visit made to Greenland by Lief, on of Brie tho Red, of Norway, and describe tho southward voyage of his Ultlo vessel past tho WOW-clad moun tains of Labrador and the wooded ahores of Newfoundland, until Vino land, un Indefinite region on the New England coast, was reached. Hero Lief, who was a Christian, and tho HMtnben of his little band of dar ing adventaren spent the winter of 100L' and no doubt on tho bleak New England shore tho beautiful feast, whose Qod-llke spirit has softened und CO'i'p.ercd the world, was celebrated. The Norwegian vislta to Vlnelund were continued by Thorwald and Thor- eteln. brothers of Lief, who had suc ceeded to the patriarchal ofllce and BOSMmIoBJ of his father; and on tho deaths In quick succession of both Thorwald and Thoratela the wife of tho latter, Qudrlda, married B rich Nor wegian named Thorlin nud accompa nied bin and n company of his follow, crs to Vlosland, where they lived threo years. Oudrlda was a pious soul. When her second husband died sho visited Home, narrated to Pope Benedict an BOCOUUl of her adventures In this far Western world and with tho papal blessing returned to Iceland, where sh" founded a convent, of which she became abbess. There are no n Corda bearing on tho Christmas days spent by those hardy Norwegians In New England, but Im agination can well picture tho renewal In this strange land of I bo Christmas customs of Scandinavia. And thus it Is entirely legitimate to assume that bf them the first celebration of tho day was observe. I In tho new World History, and tradition as well, are ailent after this on new world affair.: until the coming of the Spaniards, fol lowed by the Portuguese, French and BOglllh. By them the feaal of the Na tivity was celebrated, and long before Plymouth Heck was discovered, to be made the cornerstone of a new civil ization, hardy fishermen from Prance chanted the hymns of tho Catholic Ohurch in the waten of Maine An old Trench ( hart gives to certain Is lands near the Machlaa river, e; it of Penobacot, the namea of isles dea Boin Mages and Havre Mate lilei of tho Marian kings, and Mogian harbor In memory of tie- three wise men, who followed tho mysterious star, to lay their offer, ni:s of gold, of frankincense and of myrrh before the Babe of Beth lehem, in itorn and puritan New' England Cbrlatmaa was placed un dcr ban. Tho Plymouth colony. Indeed, 9 t not pass prohibitive lnws, but In 1622 00V. Ilrad ford placi d till Cbrlatmaa games under interdict and those who afterward observed the day did so secretly, Hut 2r$Z 111 w . . X ItlM 3 a .iimnr uu- ivondir uh4.rxr" in th. noru wind. il nl 1 lurrt s a ivi.) If UuuVutr t?n the I.p Or mon ; i i OK, can ijou tucj- (urn i t'iuifl fit wtui $tX$ On a'olh a 5tif7in4j, A M Who hoUU the ivOix&a oi . wwia ui tu poLt cirmi, new born 7 ggTVo Stag UHv.$ina low, icu wo ictt i u presence, rV" for yitwi anot i;lhj and olorious ii . Hi hU:- Chi QWCSOtoU CUUOfUnCj pf th OfUey WWtMrpWHUAt 1 Wnm jui CUA tunc &nc Borrow uwt u vuinn, . 1 He cvi m&kt t1c fUllUr gttinrfg for a moment, Hc can nuilu the 5iniui .-puiaui for-ii cvxij, Tiwn wtwU ifCX $pU i Otr ul lie will muali aLmtj n-ajt: u, I RlfjhA out into ihi' iiienct the stxauxowt on aua. i Oh CMfUl . niU K'hi Oiruitituii tint4' Oimtmai. 1 liit tntn t . pLicc to DCttetf in4n ana unsc. V. l THpuoJi tii-ti preUath ijotu sopnj .".a'Mf stiii UH UlOW thOI wfk U ill"n. rlf J tUuiX wt M tllC ruii LUOrUl tfVOU&h UlC Qll I4WIHIII OpCfUm Cijti. T M rfth CHRI5TMA3 ; . ' LD6'NTON the Massachusetts liny coluuj, lullow lag tho example of Cromwell parlla ment, which prohibited nil observance of the feast and decreed thai "holly and Ivy wcro badges of sedition," civ ucted a law, In lG5f, obliging all men to labor on Christmas day and Inflict ing a One upon those who observed tho feast. It was not until 16S1- more than 20 years after the passing of the Cromwell regime nml the restoration of tho Stunrt dynas'v to the throne that this law, abolishing personal free dom and liberty of worship, was re pealed; and several years after this tho spirit of New England was reflect ed III a letter written by Itev Joshua Moody to Rev. Increase Mather In which tho observance of Christmas was thus referred to: "And tho shut ting Up of shops on Christmas day and driving tho master out of school on Xmaa bOlydalce are very grevous " Elsewhere throughout the colonies tho feast of Christmas was observed Hoth New Amsterdam and New York maintained the "Id world customs as soclutcd with the day ami In the south tho beautiful festival never lost Its hold upon the hearts of the English settlors. Today there Is no ncrth, no south, no enst, no west, to Christmas cele oration In the United States The story of tho iiabo of Bethlehem li written on every heart and every tongtio on Christmas morning repeats the song tho angels sang over the Jtidcan hills: "(llory to 0od In the highest and on earth peace to uien Ol good will." ..: FRIENDLY WARNING Atlas waB holding up the world. At this Juncture Banta Claua drove by. "Hello, Atlas." Bald Santa. "Still holding it up, I aee." "Yes," woophed Atlas "Well, get busy With It." Santa ad vised. ' After I make my trip this year there won't be anything left lor an ov er day hold up man." Had Something In Him. Itev. Hudson Robi rt Jones had preached what he thought war, a gnat Christmas sermon, (in the way home from church he came upon a youth sitting doubled up on the steps of n domicile. Wishing to admonish this young person for what he took to be laziness, he stepped up to btm and said: "Don't sit there like that, my boy; this in Christmas. Get up and stir youraelf; you certainly must have something In you." "I've got a big Cbriatman dinner In me," was the forced reply, "and I can't move." mmmM MY CHRISTMAS fliuAM it OW, this was the won derful dream 1 bad u dream of the Christ mas Tree: 9 7. ' I dreamed that a melody 1 aweet and glad rang out from somewhere to mo. VI i C - el nUU oul Ul lie- 5h QJS S east they came and C'ZSk' it"4 OUt of r"S '', VS'' '""More children than evei a man might name or ! ever n man has guessed; And going und coining and comlnR and going. With drummers n-drumming und buglers a blow log. ' Were all the children that ever were known since ever there was at) earth. In hundred!, in OOUPlea, and all alone, each chanting a song of mirth. i And then In this wonderful dream Of mine the chil dren run to und fro And marched in a long and winding line us swiltlv as i they might go; And each as he pass ed tin' cbrlatmaa Tree looked up with a radiant face, And each as be came there knee with curious, grace And coming and going, and going and coming. With buglers o-blnwing and drum mers a drumming, R'ore ail of the children that ever have been alnce there wan a world at all And none was n hungered or pale or thin, or crippled or like to fall. Ami nil of 'hem sang I u this d r e a m of mine, u song that 1 w lab 1 knew, For It had a melody fair anil - Ai B&J I evcr 1 tune fci" ) E it)'1' his nd all of the c hildren they looked at me In pity or ho It seemed W hile stars In the boughs of the Chris tana HO Tree in marvelous glory gleamed And going and coming, and ing und going, with drummers, a-drummiug buglers a blow Ing, p.ero all of tin' children that have played since ever w orld began. And each little fellow and each urn and ever the maid delight illy laughed and Ami then in thla w on d c r f u 1 dream 1 dream ed. I thought that the Christ mas Tree "row fairer and fairer until It seemed no fairer a thing could lie; or: crc--a- children t call e d h e ' in y name and all of the childri a siuib'd. And suddenly then to mv heart them came the faith of a little child. And going and coming and coming ami going. With drummers adrummlng and boi lers a blowing. I marched with the children of all the lands, of all the years und times, And laughed ns wo run with our eloee-llnked handa and chanted our world-old rhymes WILBUR D NESBIT. v ..S' Valuable Gift. abOUi Christ iiias-hoxen," a commercial traveler, "the "T.i romai one I got last year would be bard to bi.it our guv'nor never gave us a Christmas box, so you can imagine how aurprlaed wo were when he told us all to go into his office, where he snt with a pile of envelopes in Ills hnnd " 'Gentlemen,' said ho. I intend to glv.- each of you a Christmas pres. nt this year. These envelopes contain something valuable, which I hope you will make good use of.' "Of course we thanked him nnd marched out, thinking that he WM a good sort, after all. And what do you think was in the envelopes?" "A check?" "No; it was n confounded prescrip tion for the cure of indigestion!" Whom to Thank. "I suppose you foal very thankful to Santa C'lnus for providing you with such a Una turkey'.'" snld tho minis ter to Uncle liljah'a little hoy. "Nuw, sah," replied the piccaninny. "Uncle tola ills chile tor be than'ful ter Partner Green fur leavlu' his hen house doro on dc Jar." bent the childish to " ." . ," ' N23k -P - CHRISTMAS ROMANCE A'fTt1' a I'fe Pacini it jg III Chrlatmai me Good liess knows I wish! I was. bat Cbrlatmaa do lugs uln't for mo no mote. And Just be cause 1 was a baking something to eat to morrow, which hap pi ns to be Christmas, she tllOUghl I was pre paring for that day a special " Hetty Green sighed us she placed the pie In the oven, and pulled a kitchen chair up beside the stove. The new neighbor, who had but re cently moved Into the town, and who knew nothing of Hetty's history, had just left. With tho Christmas spirit everywhere she had thought of course Hetty was preparing u feast for the day "Now. if Jim hadn't never railed gway on that waterlogged old .Mary Ann, ns he did a going on four year ago, I guess I could u been preparing for Christmas like other folks If there hadn't been nobody else, Jim nml me could of enjoyed Cbrlatmaa, und then maybe there'd a boon some body else somebody what Just about HOW would a been liking dolls or tin "nrs, and If so Jim and me would a been having a Christmas trie for that no m e bo ay, and we'd be a having the best Christ mas in all South Cove "My, how I did try to k e p p J i m front sailing In that Mary A n n A n ) body what 1. n e w any thing about ships know be wasn't fit to go to se.1 in but Jim says it's tho o n I y berth l,i S likely to gl t. und tak ing It would our marrying just that ...ih sooner, nml the Mur Ann or lim am t to ver been heard of since the left that South America place to co round the Horn on her way to China The bright eves of Hetty Crei n were wit with liars as she opened the oven door to raise the pie to a higher ihi If Bver slnco Jim Husb failed to return in time for the wed ding which Hetty had so carefully prepared for tour yean ago a wed ling which was to lie the big event jf the Christinas senson at South Love sbe had had a lonesome life Two months utti r the Christmas that w.ia to have been Hetty's wed ding day her ag' d father had been lllu no ids llelty town rlv twi With the baking finished. Hetty left the kitchen .md wen I Into bor bed- room, She Wanted nothing so much ua to be alone in Unit room that had been Iot father's In that room whero lie ki pt carefully prcaerved the wed- j ling clotlo s she had lavlahed ao much care upon four years ago TbeaO t l uios and the laded photograph of 111 II spenu lie i'hrtatmaa eve, Ihe courting da) 'here wlih Inr oiild live over again . And Jim should be Thai would be he! i 'hrlatmaa. With care she took each garment from Us wrapplnga in ihe bunau irawer and apread them on the bed. ihe pretty wedding dreaa whleh Sarah Olover had h Iped her make - yes, she would put it on tonight .in -t us she had planned to four years ago. Jim would like her to do that; lie had 1 1 way a liked l0 see her prettily dressed, und maybe Jim might m a her from the spirit world tonight As : he faatencd the gown sic must forgot thiil Jim could not al ii.' tin re. that it waa all a make-believe aba stood b for As the minor the smile of four years ago cams back again. She noted tin color In bur chctka; it was like a bridal blush A rati at the door dlapelled the Illusion i he had permitted her self for a few mo ments. Sin- could not go to the door in that dress The caller would have to wait, but m -fcS , I - rV mm a 1M I ;?pA..A If A- 1 M he did not wait. She heard the door .swing, u heavy Hep on the lloor, and a voice oh! such a familiar voice nailing Hetty. "Jim! My Jim!" ahe answered, us she pulli'd open the door of her bed room und sprung Into the arms of a ItrOUg, bronzed sailor. Far Into the night nhe listened to Jim's tale of shipwreck on the I'ata gonian coast, of the months and years af practical captivity before hu could get buck to a seaport. "And now," he nuld, "I am homo claim my Chrlatmai bride." "And I have our Christmas baking done," said Hetty. WRIGHT A. PATTERSON. GREAT AUK'S EGG? Maybe, but Nevertheless. It Ar rived at the Breakfast Ta bic in a Scramble. By MARGARET MANNING. Professor Ferdinand firtnokhofen wandered into the ktteben of his sum mer bungalow, on the Maine shore. His wife was washing the dinner dishes. "Han, my dear," he said. "Doctor Cavendish, of the Natural History museum, will be her" this afternoon Can vim get up a meal for him'' He has to sturl back tomorrow morn-tag-'' "I suppose so. Ferdinand," answered his wife, a little tartly. "You know, of course, that wa haven't much in the house to olfer a guesl. HOWOVOT, I'll da my best, and If he will be satis fied with It he's welcome Why Is he coming nil this distance just to apend the night with us?" Professor Drlnokhofen put his arm round his wifes waist and kissed her '1 know you're busy. Klleti." he said Next summer we'll get a maid " And he wandered out, while his wife went on waahini She dried the last plate and set It aside. "T wonder just whj Doctor Caven dish Is coming lu re for one night," she said to herself Professor Brtncghofen engaged a rowbo.it and pulled round to the rail road terminal, where he arrived just In time to greet Doctor Cavendish as his viMtor stepped out of his car "Well, what did you think of my let ter" to- asked, after the customary greetings had been Interchanged. Doctor Cavendish took his friend by tin- arm "My dear old enthusiast," lie answered, "to be frank with you, "Good Heaven, Brinckhofen, It Is! It li!" I am sceptical wholly sceptical It soul. ds too good to he trie- If you hnd told in. that you bed discovered a burled Indian village or a dozen jir.di.ibl-. mistaken Hie egg of a cn ited i rc In- or tufted puffin for that of ihe auk " "Hut the gn at auk did range as far couth ns Maine In the but century!" cried tie- professor. And the la.it specimen was shot in 'Ml " "No. Cavi ndlih, in 1912. I ti II you II was an auk. 1 shot the brooding egg. and It waa warm 1 took it home and I'm Incubating it " "What does Mrs. Drlnokhofen think of it r "She doesn't know anything about It, Of Course I dull t believe in till lug my wife a professional secret. And the joke of I! Is" he nudged Cavendish in the ribs "It s Incubat ing v, lib a clutch of ngga that bIhi set oat last week under one of our hens. It couldn't be iafer anywhere." "Show tin " said Cavendish scep tically, and they entered the rowboat and, a few minutes later, rounded tho point of land behind which the Drlnck hofi ns had their bungalow, ' Tiler.- was win rc 1 shot hi r." said the professor, pointing to the hi -li, towering cliff. "I didn't moan to. eith er, but 1 waa no excited that I couldn't b' ar to think Of h e getting away. Now. before we do anything els. wi II go straight to the clutch." Tlvv climbed the hill and entered the little garden of the bungalow, In one corner was the hen house, nnd, In the center, seated upon a clutch of egga surrounded with straw, was a gray hen, which looked at them with malignant oyea and half opened lor beak as though to protect, bor tp a sure. "Shoo!" said 1'rofesor Drlnokhofen, and the hen slowly rose and retln-d a " : j II JP few paces, where It crouched with Mapping wings and an Irate expres sion Profenor Drlnokhofen plunged his liund Into the dutch and drew out the precious egg. It was a little larger thun that of a goose "Good heavens. Ilrinckhofen. It Is! It is!" yelled Doctor Cavendish, nnd, carefully replacing it, he leiaed his friend round the waist, and the two greybeardi executed a dance. Mrs. ilrinckhofen watched them out of tho kitchen window. "1 suppose that Is Doctor Cnven Ilsh." she said pityingly. "1 wonder why they are dancing in the hen- iiouae." Sho sat down and meditated upon the subject until the men came In. Then she welcomed Doctor Cavendish, with smiles "Come, Cavendish. I want to show you my laboratory," said Brlnokhofaai dragging his friend awa) as soon aa he decently could They went Into the professors hub- hure room and began discussing tin gr.-.it discovery. "Of course it goes to tin museum. Drlnokhofen." said Cavtndlab "it will be worth a thouaand dollars to you." "A thousand dollars'" . (claimed the professor "You are Joking fa vending) Why, the egg alone would bring Hint at auction " "Yes, es, I'm speaking about tho egR." said Doctor C.nendish Irritably. what are yoa peaking about" "Why, tbe ailk, of course Don't yon know thn' I put It there so that It would hatch'' Win we'll have a real live bird. Cavendiah i shall sell It to the Zoological society, and I'll patch UP thi' egg after It has hatched out, nnd I II let you have that for a thousand And the binl will la moro eggs and I'll get a thousand apiece for those too, and "I say." Interposed Cavendiah, "re member it Isn ! hatched yet If 1 w-n. yon I would ted Mrs llrlnck- bofan about it " "Tell Mrs Itrlnckhofen! win. she'd I'll the neighbors and they'd steal It or do something to it' Never 'rust a woman. No, It Is safest Just where It Is " They argued with some luck of equanimity until dinner time, when Mrs Brlnekhofen ejected them into the dining room Hum' I'm hungry as a hear," said Doctor Cavendish, pulling his napkin across kneel What have we here? Be rambled eggs- Pine!" "I don't know whether you like) 0 rambled goo-,, egga." said Mrs. Drlnokhofen The; say they're very nice I found one under our biddy -It must have been laid b) one of Mr. Qilea'a geese, for t wasn't there last time I looked So I thought that n we hadn't matt) Pggl I'd try vrluit It lusted like " "Woman"' gasped the profOOaOFi springing to his feel do you mean to say you you scrambled that egg?" "Yea, d.-ar." said Mrs Itrlnckhofen aweetly, tlgb ipman.) HOT BREAKFAST MEANS MUCH 9uccess or Failure of the Day De pends to a large Extent on Fint Meal i When a singularly successful busi ness man was asked tho secret of get ting on In the world, be modeatl) said his wife deaerved most of the credit, as she atwaya bad a good breakfast read) for him ever) day In the year, served punctually an I piping hot He further aald that poor food, espec ially in the morning, waa reaponalble for main business failures, lor the man who sets out on a cold morning with cold. Indifferent rood in his atomaett Is 11! prepared for the business buttle. It take time nnd planning, but it puya to serve good brenkfaatl It meana retting up early enough to lusuro against rushing about ami fretting ! w hen tbltiga go wrong, but the wiso women counts it no aacrlflce to send b. r husbnnd off ei.en and well fed. There are p nt) of waya In which nnd even If she keepa a maid sho will find pbntv to oversee and eor reel day niter i!'i The women wttnt rlae earl) to get breakfast for their husbands unite In saving there am possibilities in tin- earl) momtngj hours realized later In the da) When other women are aleepll) getting up. Hie thrift) bouankeepen have their morning work done and lire ready to get tit- children off to gebool There would lie fewer failures In sc hool work If ul! children were sent to the l oo! room well f,-ii n the morning. If the) wen leisurely there won proitrntlo Ill time to .IroHB he,irt break faat r cases of nervooa t' at hera. A cup inched uk. good T bet POeon. toast am! w i ll cookeil cerceal serve. I to the entlr. tainllv In the morntno and eaten in n leisurely manner would roll hospital! of many patients and give docton an I surgeons extra vacation every year Theories Aheut Rainfall. While WO In 'his country have been suffering for aomo jours from a lack of rain, some parts of Rurop appear, according to atatlatlca, to be getting! more rain very year, Observations at the nbaervatory of Paris iio., iiml from ism io 1824 tho average .Marly rainfall was ROJ mllU uniiis (an Inch is about 2T, mllltmes torsi in the text twenty years the a-r::,'e waa 507; then from 184fi to is"2 then was an Increase to BS5; In the nest twenty years It was and In the las I i in. 1. 1 ii yearn the average has grown to 584 millimeters ulsiut ti Inchea. The common eal theory to account for ibis is Hint the smoke and dust rising from n large city favor tho condensation of moisture But this theory runs counter to the experience of London, the smokiest city of Bv rope, where no RUCh Increased ralic fall hi recorded And oi some of the mountainous re gions of France the increase bus been ns much us 73 per cent., as compared with thirty years ago. Worse and More of It. "Concord' Concord!" shouted tho brakeman, as the train palled into the station during a tremendous out burst of thunder and lightning. The clever woman grusped hnr umbrella firmly. "Not only conquered." ahe ejacu lated, "but token by storm!" Youtb'a I Compaulun.