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W" r1 - RULES GOVERNING PARCEL POST SATES REGULATED THROUGH SYSTEM OF ZONES Uncle Sam's New Enterprise Clearly Explained How Charges Are Fixed and What Class of Merchandise May Be Carried Through the Mails Under the New Law. oiiii i.'iiH that tin. par IkuIiI bo niada ol oniona bavliti farm ms to tranatnll i" bs said in general (Mil bfl HI tit WlMi'll MAILING OF PACKAGES UNDER NEW SYSTEM By EDWARD B. CLARK. with tbo iKniiiiR of tha Naw oar fhp Unltad Btataa ovarantent iM n trr Inio a uaw ii - id of antarprlaa 1 ihr tranamlttal of bi rchandlaa by hut is kiinun us ilio pareal post it is mi aiaggvratton to that tlionrniids updn lliouHand Ipb bava been made of tbe poatmaater Washington id its aaHimitu 7i,n ..m gcncrnl an to Jut what the parcel j be the wimp as tho poatal rnloK from post win mpiiii to the people, it was i Keokuk to lis particular tones, Baeb the law of congreca MtahUahSBC tho unlt balnf about thirty miles Hquure Bystem which made provision for a will of course rnntaln In most casi a division of tho country In zones number of DOStOfBoaa but each offimi I drawn from Keokuk is the same length M tha radius of the circles drawn from Washington, Keokuk's j Zone Six will he just as far from Uh : o utar as Washington's Zone six is. How Rate Are Fixed. i It ran b" seen from this rin.HU of Inqulr . enough that the postal rutca from and Into 3.'.Wn units which are to be ured us ((enters In describing tho cir cles which mark the boundaries of the zones There has boon no clear understanding apparently, of this zone fyBtein. but really It Is a very simple matter. Tho accompanying map shows the country divided Into lonae from the unit In Which Washington Is sit uated, as thn center Accompanying tho map Is a table showing tha rate of postage per pound for parcels from Washington to places within all the zones. Knch unit contains on sren thirty miles Bquare. Now each unit Ih a center from which the zones nre drawn and so every unit In the coun try DO matter where It Is situated will have zones drawn from It just exnetly as Washington has them drawn from It. For Instance, take Keokuk, la . which la In n unit In tho fifth zone f rom mat will no Brawn circles ex actly ub they nro drawn from Wash ington and they will bo numbered from Keokuk ob number one. Just as they are numbered from Washington as number one Of course, however, Zone Six will havo a different geo graphical position ns related to Keo kuk than it has aa related to Wash- a . .. I ImJu lnnlultitr.ru uf. ft ingion. out aa tno raauiR oi me circles - yresBcu uibhu i vuw In the same unit la considered um be ing the ci uter of tbo circles from which tho zoneB nre druwn The rales of postage are fixed from the unit In which tho Bonding postnfflro Is sltuaied, but tho prion to every place In any zone Is Just the Hame. To II lusirate. It will coat aggotly (he same amount to send n parcel from Wash Ington to Brie, Pg., that It costa to Sand It to Atlanta On, because Brie and Atlanta with reference to Warn Ington are situated In tho fourlh zone. Thn rates therefore nro fixed from tho unit in which tho postofnee Is located, but they aro tbo sumo from that office to any point In any one zone. It will be seen by referenco to th" table of rates of postage that It will cost more per pound to send n pack ago n long distance than It does to aend It a Bhort distance The rate In creases for a package weighing one) pound nt tbo rate of ono cent for each zone. No package weighing more than 11 pounds enn be sent un der tho new parcel post law. It should be said right hero that on the long hauls the parcel post may not be nble to compete with tho express not Injure oilier mail matter with whieh it ma) coma in contact Copy Foreign Countries. it Is psobable that tha government w in adopt a magna of transportation for certain kinds of I'f merchandise much like those which bare been adopted In parcel post countries abroad W hat the English call ham pers. basket like arrangements, prob ably will bo adopted! and as these can be kepi separate from tho ordinal y mall matter It Is believed that the regulations as finally adopted win al low the sending of eggs, bttttl r. tss eil poultry, live poultry, honey, fruit, and other products of tho country The 11 pound limit for a single pack age may work nt first sgainat uny very extended use of the parcel post for Some of the art Idea which have been named. Of course, morn weight can he sent If It Is sent In different parcels, but the cost In that case would be heavier, because tho In crease per pound on n single package is not great up to II pounds, mid probably li would Increase at no great or rati If the government were to raise the limit of weight which Is now fixed. Rvery postmaster In tha United States will have g pnrcel post map like the one which la here reproduced except that tho zone lineB will be ShdVn with the unit of his pOStOfBCS na n enter All that u postmaster will have to do when a parcel la pre- tented fur transportation is to Bnd out In what zone the destination of the package dies Ills table will BboW him Instantly the rain per pound from the unit In which his poetOffloe lies to the zone of the package a des tlnntlon, the price, nB has been ox plained before, to every poatofflOt U j nny one zone being tho same. The pnrcel post will take nothing but ! fourth class matter Trlnted matter I la still In the third clasa designation Therefore hooks cannot no seni Dy uio After Jan. 1 One May Mail Anything Weighing Not More Than 11 Pounds by Parcel Post Perishable Articles May Be Sent Under Specific Restrictions. Poatmaater Ueneml Hitchcock Ima just approved the regulations which cover In detail the articles which may or may not bo sent by parcel post Tha rules aa to what can be sent and what cannot be sent and the In functions for the preparation of mall able articles with othi r "Official ad vice" are given here as they bava Just been prepared by tha pOStO fllCS de partment in Washington. The minimum rule will be five cents for the first pound and three cents for each additional pound to any point not exceeding Bfty miles from the office of mailing; the local rate, which Is live "nap In hard rakes etc . must be in cents for the llrst pound and one cent I closed In Iioxob nnd so w rapped ns to for nddlilonhl pound, applies to nil Prevent injury to other mail mat oarcels the deliverv of which does not tor. Involve ti way lines each Buec the maxtn a pound, across th( pogaeesloi to eleven f quantities are asked to submit to the poatmaater for approval a specimen parcel showing the manner Of pack- hag, Gueen Bees and Nursery Stock. lluecn beea live Insects, and dried reptiles may bo mailed In acCOrdanSa With 'ho regulations that now apply to other rlaasea of mall. Seeds of Iruii. nuraory atock. and nil other plant products for preparation may be mailed under the same con ditions. Confectionery nnd Soap. Candles, eonfi ctlonery. vaaat cakes companies, but that on shorter hauls j a It can bo compete. It was tho ex-1 sir transportation on rail The rates Increase for SSlVS one of the eight zones. am rute helm' twelve cents Qtlantltlt which win carry parcel ' continent or to any of our ( be nccef I. Parrels will be limited '' "W pounds In weight and six t In length and girth combined. Mailable Perishable Articles. nutter, inni and perishabls articles inch as fish, fresh meats, dressed fowls, vegetables, fruits berries and articles of a slmllur nature that decay quickly, when so packed or wrappeu aH to prevent damage to oilier mall matter, will be accepted for local do livery either at the offlos of mailing or on any turn! route starting therefrom When Inclosed In Rn Inner cover and a strong outer cover of wood, met nl heavy corrugated pasteboard or other suitable material and wrapped bo that nothing csn escape from the package, they will be accepted for healed original packages of proprl etarv articles, such as soaps, tobacco. pills, tablets, etc., put up In fixed I J. fur mallln Ihe manufacturer, nnd themselves uiimallnhlo. will ted for mailing when proper id. RATES OF POSTAGE Parcels weighing four ounces or leae are mailable st the rata of one cent for each ounce or fraction of an ounce, regardless of distance. Par cels weighing more than four ounces are mailable at the pound rate, aa shown by the following table, and when mailed at this rate any fraction of n pound J considered a full pound. 1st zone 2nd 3d ,4th 5th 6th 7th 8th Wt. Local Zone zone zone gone zone zone zone zone Lbs. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate. 1 go.05 0-05 tO.OC 0-97 $0.03 $0.09 $0.10 $0.11 $0.12 2 00 .08 .10 .12 .14 .16 .19 .21 .24 a ,, 07 .11 .14 -17 .20 h23 .28 -31 .36 4 " .08 .14 .18 22 .26 .30 .37 .41 .48 5 C9 .17 .22 .27 .32 .37 .46 .SI .60 g 10 .20 -?6 .32 .38 .44 .55 .61 .72 7 11 2 .30 .37 .44 .51 .64 .71 .64 g 12 -26 .84 .42 .50 .58 .73 .81 .96 g tt4 13 9 -38 .47 .56 .65 ' .82 .91 1.08 0 !'. 14 -32 .42 .5? .62 .72 .91 1.01 1.20 n .15 .35 .46 .57 .68 .79 1.00 1.11 1.32 For a full explanation of the rates of postage In the First Zone cee he Parcel Post Guide. mailing to any omcee wiinin me nrsi Rate on Seeds Not Affected. j 7nno or within a radius of 60 miles It should be said that the act of j Hotter, lard, or any greasy or o:l7 "ub congress which puts a parcel poBt ; stance Intended for delivery at ifllres plan Into operation doea not in nny i beyond the first zone miiBt be suitably way nfTect the postage rate on seeds. packed Vegetables nnd fruit that do cuttings, bulbs, roots, Bciona und tint decay quickly w III he accepted for plants as fixed by section 1M! of tho I mailing to any zone If packed so as postal laws and regulations. to prevent damage to other mail mat The classification of articles mnll ler Eggs will he accepted for locnl delivery when securely packed In a basket or other container I'ggs will be accepted for mailing regard' 'fs of distance when each rgg la wrapped separately und packed In a container Tliero Is no restriction on salted dried, smoked or cured nidi's nnd other meat products, hut fresh meat In any form will be transported only w itbln the first zone Parcels containing perishable arti cles must be marked "PUR18HABL.B," and articles likely to BP"" within the time renaonably required for trans. portatlon and delivery Will not be ac Millinery. Fragile articles, such ns millinery, toys, musical Instruments, etc, ami nr tli lea consisting wholly or In part of glass, or contained In glass must be securely packed and the parcel Stamp ed or labeled "tTt.Uill.E." Unmallable Matter. The following matter 1b declared un mailable by law: Mntter manifestly obscene, lewd, or lascivious; urtlclcs Intended for pre venting conception; articles Intended for Indecent or Immoral purposes; all matters otherwise mailable by luw, the outside cover or wrapper of which bears any delineation or language of a libelous, SCUrriloUB, defamatory, or threatening rhnrartcr All Burb mat ter, when deposited In a post office or malls, i hall be withdraw-1 the division of ib ad lot- Intoxicants, Poisons and Inflammable Materials. Spirituous. Vinous, malted, ferment ed, or other Intoxicating llquora of any kind; poisons of every kind, and aril- ch s und compositions containing poi sons, poisonous animals, Insects and reptiles; explosives of every kind; ln In flammable material (which an1 held to include matches, kerosene oil, gas oline, naphtha, benslne, turgentlns, de natured alcohol, etc i. Infernal ma chines, and mechanical, chemical ol other devices or compositions whicb may Ignite or explode; disease germs or scabs, and oilier natural or artifi cial articles, compositions or iaatj tials of whatever kind which may kill, or In any wise Injure another ol mall or other property, is will refuse to receive paresis not properly in dorsed or packed for safe shipment. Pistols, Animals and Birds. Pistols or revolvers, whether In d tached parta or otherwise; live or dead land not stuffed I animals, birds, or poultry, except as elsewhere pru vlled; raw hides or pelts, guano, or any article having n bad odor will not be ndmltted to the malls. Insurance on Parcels. A mailable parcel on which tho postage Is fully prepaid may bo In sured against loss In un amount equiv alent to its actual value, but not to exceed fan, on payment of u feu of ten cents In parcel pout stumps, sucb utanips to be utrlxod. Parcels may bo re mailed or for warded on the payment of uddlilonal posluge nt the rate which would be Chargeable If they wore originally mulled at tho forwarding office, In which case the necessary Btaiupa will bo aillxed by the forwarding postmas ter. Payment must bo madu every Uinu the parcel Is forwarded. Maps and Guides. Parcel post maps, with accompany ing guides, aro to bo sold to tho pub lic nt their cost, 75 cents, through the chief clerk of the post office dopnrt ment In ordering maps care should bo taken to specify tho post office from which the postage rutea aro to bo determined nblt oll ns the weight limit, the r.-.tes of postage, zone or zonec nnd other conditions of mallahlllty under the nrt of congress. If the postmaste. geueral shall find on experience "thai they or any of them are Buch as to proven! the shipment of articles da alrable. or shall permanently render the rust of the service greater than the receipts of the revenue therefrom, he ia hereby authorized, subject to the consent of the interstate com merce commission after Investigation, to return from time to time such classification. W"lr:ht Unit, rates, zone or zonfs or conditions. It order to pro- c,.,)Lort for mailing i nxxo tne semen io tno punuc or to M,,rt..rert Arti- lea. Manufacturers or dealers intending to transmit articles In considerable Insure the receipt of rpvenue from sucll service idequa'.o to pay tho cost thereof." FACTS ABOUT THE NEW PARCEL POST The new parcel post goes Into operation January 1, 1913. Only mall matter now Included In fourth class, or merchandise, will iir handled. Perlshablo articles such as butter, lard, fruits, berries and dressed fowls may be sent short distances. Eggs for local delivery when packed In containers may be sent. When packed separately they may be sent any distance. Fresh meats may be sent only in the first zone (50 miles). There are no restriction! on salted, dried or cured meats or fish. Millinery, toys, muclcal Instruments, glassware and breakable goods muct be marked "fragile." The following may not be sent: intoxicating liquors, poisons, matches, explosives, firearms and live poultry. Books and printed matter arc included In third class and may not be sent. The welnht limit will be eleven pounds. To find the size limit: Take a piece of string 72 Inches long and wind It once completely around the paicel and then across the top lengthways If the ends of the string reach the sides of tho parcel It comes under the limit. Regular carriers will deliver parcels wherever posslnle. Parcels mutt be mailed at the postoffice or branches and spec'ai I amps must be used.