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I Many Thousands Witness His In duction Into Office. 1 CEREMONIES ARE IMPRESSIVE New Executive of Nation Takes Oath on East Portico of Capitol After Marshall Becomes Vice President. By EDWARD B. CLARK. Washington, March 4. Woodrow Wilson Of New Jersey is president of tbfl t ilted States and Thomas Ulloy Marshall of Indiana Is vlec-prorldent Th( Instant that the oath taking cere monies at noon today In front of the capitol were completed, tlui Democrat lc party of this country "cume Into Its own" again after an absence of six teen years from tho precincts of ex ecutive power. A throng of many thousands of people witnessed the newly elected president's Induction Into office Nine tenth! of the members of the crowd wen tnthusloitlnally joyful, the oiher President Woodrow Wilson. tenth ch red with them, ns becoming good Aim rioM cltlsenn watching a governmental change ordered In hi cordanco with the law and tho Co:, stit utiou The MM which during MOB suc cessive four Jreerl is kept as one of tho treasures of the Supreme court, was the Immediate instrument of thi oath taking of Woodrow Wilson. I'M ward Douglass White, chief Justice of the United States, held the Hook for Mr Wilson 10 rest his hands ukui while h" made solemn covenant to support the Constitution and the laws of the Dotted Stales, and to fulfill the duil 'B of his office us well and as faithfully as t! lay within hfs power to tie. Thomas Iiiley Marshall snore foal ty to tho Constitution and to the people In tho lea to chamber, where for four years It will he ills duty to preside over tho deliberations of the members of the upper house of con Kress. Ceremonies Simple and Impressive. Iloth of the ceremonies proper were Conducted in a severely simple but most Impressive maimer. The sur roundings of tho scene of tho presi dent's induction into office, however, were not so simple, for It was an out-of-door event and the great gathering of military, naval and uniformed civil organizations gave much more tbnn a touch of splendor to the scene. In the senate chamber, where tho the oath was taken by die man now vice-president of the 1'nltcd States, there were gathered about 2,000 people, all that the upper house will contain without tho risk of danger bc auso of the rush and press of the multitudes. It Is probable that no where else In tho United States at any time are there gathered an equal number of men and women k names are so widely known. The Statin ring In the senate chamber and later on the enst portico of the capl tol was composed largely of those prominent for their BervtcOO In Amor icn, and In part of foreigners who have secured places for their names In tho current history of tho world's doings. Arranged by Congress. The arrangements of the ceremonies for the inauguration of Woodrow Wil son and Thomas Hiley Marshall were made by the Joint committee on ar rangements of congress. The si nate section of this committee was ruled by a majority of Republicans, but there is Democratic testimony to the fact that the Republican senators were willing to outdo their Democratic brethren In the work of making or derly and Impressive the Inaugural ceremonies in honor of two chleftaliiB of the opposition. President Taft and President-elect Wilson rode together from the White House to the capitol, accompanied by two members of tho congressional committee of arrangements. The vice-president-elect nlso rode from the White House to the capitol and in the carriage with him were the senate's president pro tempore, Senator Bacon of Georgia, and three members of the congressional committee of arrange ments. r ho admission to tho senate cham IDE PRESIDEN ber to witness the oath-taking of th vlci -president was by ticket, and It Is needless to say every seat was occupied. On the floor of tho chain ber were many former members of the senete who, because of the fact that they once held membership in that body, worn given the privileges of the floor. After the hall was filled and nil the minor officials of govern ment and those privileged to witness the ceremonies were suited. William H. Taft and Woodrow Wilson, preoed ed by tbo sergcunt nt-artas and tho committee of arrangements, entered the senate chamber. They were fol lowed Immediately by ViuO Pfesldcnt slect Thomas EL Marshall, loaning upon tho arm of the president pro tempore of the senate. The president and tho president elect sat in the first row of seats dl recti J In front and almost under tho desk of the presiding officer. In tho same row, but to their left, were th" vlce-prcsldnnt-sdoct and two former vice-presidents of the 1'nltod States, Levi P, Morton of New York and Ail lal A. Stevenson of Illinois. When the distinguished company en toted the chamber tho senate was still under Its old organization. The onth of office was Immedlati ly admin istered to Vlci-l'rosidont-eloct Mar shall, who thereupon became Vice President Marshall. The prayer of the day was given by the chaplain of the senate, Rev, I'lyssos G. B, Pierce, pas tor of All Souls' Unitarian church, of which President Taft has been a mom ber. Att.T the prayer tho Vico-presl dent administered the oath of ollim to all the newly chosen senators, and therewith the senate of the United Slates passed for the llrBt Uaie In yean Into tho control of the Demo cratic portr. Procession to East Portico. Immediately after the senate cere monies u procession was formed to march to the platform of the east ior- ttio of the capitol. where Woodrow Wilson was to lake the oath. The pro cession included the president and the president-elect, main ben of the Su preme court, both houses of congress, all of the foreign ambassadors, all of the heads of the executive depart ments, many governors of stales and territories, Admiral How y of the navy and several high officers of the lea service, the chief of staff of the army and many ills! ingulslied persons from civil life. They were followed by the members of the prees ami by tho-i persons who had succeeded in secur ing seats in the senati galleries to Witness the day's proceedings. When President Tnft. and the pros! I.ent elOQt emerged from the capitol on to the portico they saw In front of tin m. reaching far bnok Into the park to the east, an Immense con course (ft clttxens, In the narrow Hoe between the onlookers and the plat form on which Mr. Wilson was to take the oath, were drawn up the cadett of the two greatest government schools, West Point and Annapolis ami thinking them were bodies of reg ulars and of national guardsmen. The whole scene was charged With color and Willi HfO, Ob reaching the platform the presi dent and president-elect look the seats reserved for them, seats which wore flanked by many rows oi benches rising tier on tier for the accommoda tion of the friends and families ol the others of the government and of the proof, Mr. Wilson Takes the Oath. The Instant that Mr. Taft and Mr Wilson came within sight of the crowd there was a great outburst of ap plan so, and the military bands struck quickly Into "Tho Star Spangled Han nor." Only a few bars of the music were played ana then soldiers and ci villans became silent to witness re spertfully the oath taking and to listen to the address which followed. The chief Justice of the Supreme court delivered the onth to the pri si dent-elect, who, uttering the words, Chief Justice Whit;;. "1 will," became president of thi. United States. Ah soon as this cere mony was oomph-led Woodrow Wilson delivered his inaugural address, bis first speech to his fellow countrymen In tho capacity of their chief execu tive. At the conclusion of the speech Ihc bands played onc e more, and William Howard Taft, now ex-president of the United States, entered a carriage with the new president and, reversing the order of an hour before, sat on the left hand side of the carriage, while i Mr. Wilson took "the scat of Conor" on the right. The crowds cheered as i they drove away to the White House, ! which Woodrow Wilson entered as the i occupant and which William H. 'Jirft I in: in- dlately left as ono whoso leasi bad expired. I . - ii -kitfffdwMssBssHsu yr Bf gKlsBnBsfflTnBHxll WILSON HONORED By FINE PARADE New President Reviews Immense Inaugural Procession. AVENUE A GLORIOUS SIGHT General Wood, Grand Marshal Vet erans, National Guard and Civil ians in Line Indians Add Touch of Picturesque. By EDWARD B. CLARK. Washington, March t, Woodrow Wllaon, us ox-president of Priucoton. rodo down PeiiiiHylvnula avenue to day, and later rode up the rame ave nue as president of the United Stat' s, and us the highest officer of govern ment a few minutes thereafter re v lowed tho multitude! of soldiers and civilians winch, with playing bands und flying Hags, marc bed by to give him proper oilleial and personal honor For several nights Pennsylvania ave nue has le i n a glory of light. Today it wa.i n glory of color. DMVement und music, here are 100,000 Inhabitants. ,of the city of Washington Its tem porary population is nearer the half million mark. The absentee! from the Hanking liie.s of the parade ,, re most ly the policemen, who were given or ders lo proioot the temporarily vncat d residence! of the oapital. Woodrow Wllaon asked thai "Jcffer Ionian simplicity" be observed In nil things which bad to do with his in mgu ration, The command for Jeffer son law simplicity seems to he suscep tible to elastic construction. There was nothing savoring of couns or royl ;.Ity, but there was evidence in plenty that tho American people lose uni forms and all kinds of display which can find a place within the limits of democratic definition, it was good parade and a groat occasion generally. Throngs Vociferous W'th Joy. The Inhibition of the inaugural ball and Of the planned public reception at ihe capitol had no effect as n bar to the attendance al this ceremony of changing presidents. Masses were here to SO!, and other maOPQI Wore here to march There was a greater demon tt ration while the pro. i tSfion was pass Ing than there was four years uro. Victory had Come to a party which had known nothing like victory for a god ninny years The joy of poSOOO Escorting the President-Elect to Whte Hour-c at a Previous Inauguration. clou found expression In Steady and ! abundantly noisy acclaim. President Taft and President elect Wilson were escorted down the avo uue by the National Guard troop of I cavalry of Kssex county. New Jersey j The carriage In which rode Vice President eleoi Marshall and lrosi genl pro tempore IUcon of the United : Htntes senate was surrounded by the HsOmben of the Ulack Horse troop of J the Culver Military academy of Indl ana. This Is the first time In the his tory of Inaugural ceremonies that a guard of honor has escorted u vice president to the scene of his oulh Ink- j log Parade a Monster Affair. Tho military and tin- civil parade, a huge affair which stretched Its length for miles along the Washington streets, formed on the avenues radial Ing from the capitol. After President cloct Wllaon hod become President Wilson and Vice President-elect Mar shall had become Vlco-Pesldcnt Marshall, they wont straightway from the capitol to the While House and thence shortly to the reviewing Bland In the park at the mansion's front. Tho parade, with MaJ. Gen. Leonard Wood. United States army, as Its! grand marshal, started from the capi tol grounds to move along the avenue, to the White House, w hore It was to I pass In review. The trumpeter sound ed "forward march" at tho Instant the ilfrnul was flashtd from the White1 house that In fifteen minutes the new ly elected president and coir.mnnder-tn- hlef of tho urinles and navies of tho United States would be ready to review "his troops." It was thought that the parade mlghl lack some of the picturesque features which particularly appealed to the people on former occasions. There were Indians und rough riders here not only when UooBcvelt was Innugu rated, but when ho wont out of office ind was succeeded by William H. Taft. The parole, however, In honor if Mr. Wilson aeemod to bo pictur esque enough In its features to appeal to the multitudes. They certainly nsde noise enough over It The procession was In divisions, with Oonoral Wood as th- grand marshal of the whole affair and haV' Ing a place at Its head. The display, in tho words In variably need on like occasions, wan "Impressive and bril liant" Regulars In First Division. The roguluis of tho country's two armed service naturally had the right of way. MaJ. Gen. W. W. W'other aiM.cn, United States army, was In command of tho first division, In which marched tho soldiers und sailors and marines from the posts and the navv yards within n day's ride of Washington. The West Point cadets and the midshipmen from the naval academy at Annapolis, competent be yond other corps in manual and In evolution, the future general! and ad mlruls of tho army, had place in Ihu flrsi division. All brunches of the army service were represented In the body of regu lars engineers, artillery, cavalry, in fantry and signal corps. The sailors and marines from half a dozen battle ships rolled nlong smartly In the wake of their landsmen brethren. The National Guard division follow ed the division of regulars It was commanded by llrfg. lien. Albert L. Mills, United Stnles army, who wore the medal of honor given hlrn for con spl "lions personal gallantry nt the bat tle of San Juan hill General Mills Is the chief of the militia division of the United stales war department The entire National Guard of New Jsrsc) was In line, and Pennsylvania, Massachnoottii Maryland. Virginia, Qeorglai Maine and North Carolina were represented by bodies of civilian soldiers. Cadets from many of the private and state mllllnry schools of tin- country had a place 111 the militia division. Veterans and Civilians. Tie third division of the parade was composed of Grand Army of the Ite- publh veterans, member! of the Union Veteran league and of the Spanish war organizations. Gen. James K. Stuart of Chicago, a veteran of both thi I'lvil and the Spanish wars, was in command Robert N. Harper, chief marshal of tie civic forces, commanded the fourth division. Under his charge were po litical organizations from all pails of th' Country, among ihem being Tain many represented by 2,000 of its braves, and Democratic clubs from ciu, ago. Boetoa, Philadelphia, Balti more and other cities, They put the American Indians into the civilian division. The fact that the) were In vnr paint and feathers helped out in plcturesqueness and did nothing to disturb the peuoe. Mem bers of the United Hunt Clubs of America rodo In this division. Their pink coats and their high hats ap parently wore not thought lo Jar leffersonlaii simplicity" from its seat. Pink coats were worn on tho Hinting field In Jefferson'! day und In Jefferson's state. There were 1,000 Prilieeloll students In the civic section of the parade. Many of them wore orange and black, sweaters and they were somewhat noisy though perfectly proper. Stu dents from seventeen other colleges and universities woro nmoug tho marchers. Spectators Cheer Constantly. All along Pennsylvania avenue, from tho capitol to a point four block be yOOjd the White House, the spectators were massed In lines ti n deep. The cheering w-as constant and Woodrow Wilson cannot complain that tho cere monies attending his Induction Into nlHco were not accompanied by ap parently heartfelt acclaim of the peo ple over whom he is to rulo for at l- ast four years. Every window In every building on Pennsylvania avenue which Is not oc eupled for office purposes was rented w-eeks ago for u good round sum of money. Every room overlooking the marching parade was taken by as many spectators as ooond find a vaut age jioinl from which to poor through the window pains. The roofs of the I'Uildings were covered with persons, willing to stand fur hours in a March day to see the wonders of the Inaugu ral parade, und many of them partic ularly glad of an opportunity lo go, home and lo say that after many years waiting they had seen a Democratic president Inaugurated The parade passed the reviewing stand of Pi SO ideal Wilson, who stood uncovered while the marchers saluted. 'Alien the laBt organization hai marched by dusk was coming down. The hundreds of thoussndB of olectrlo lamps were lighted and Washington at night became nloug Its main thor oughfare as bright as Washington at day. The loss of the attraction of tho Inaugural ball was compensated for by Ihe finest display of fireworks. It U .Id, this city baa ever known. WILSON SPEAKS TO IHE NATION Inaugural Address Delivered by the New President. SEES WORK OF RESTORATION Task of Victorious Democracy Is to Square Every Process of National Life With Standards Set Up !t the Beginning. Washington, March 4. President Wilson s inaugural nddress, remark able for Its brevity, was llBtuned to with the greatest Interest by the vast throng which was gathered In front of the capltol's east portico, and at Its close there was heard nothing but praise for lis eloquence and high moral tone. The address In full was as follows: There bus been n change of govern ment It began two years ago. when the house of representatives became Democratic by a dOdOlVO niajori'.r It hns now boon completed. The sen ate about to assemble will nlso bo Democratic The offices of president and rlee-preitdeaj have boon put Into the hands of I icmocrats. What does the Chang! mean" That Is the ques tion thai Is uppermost in our mind" U'da That Is llie question I am go Ing to try to answer. In order, if 1 muy. to Interpret the occasion. Purpose of the Nation. It mean! much more than the mere suec ss of a party The success of a party means little except when the nation m using that party for a large and definite purpose No one can mistake the purpose for which the nation now seeks to use Hie Demo cratic parly. It seeks to use It to In terpret a change In Its own plans and point of view Some old things with whli h wo had grown familiar, and which had begun to creep Into the very habit of our though! and of our lives, have altered their aspect ns wo have latterly looked critically upon them, with fresh, awakened even; have dropped their disguises and shown themselves alien and sinister, Some l ew- things, as we look frankly upon ilnm. willing to comprehend their real Character, have come to as sume the aspect of tnlngs long bcllei ed In and familiar, stuff of our own convictions. Wo have been refreshed by a new Insight Into our own life. We see thai In many things that life is very greet, it is In comparably gien; In its material aspects. In its body of wealth. In the diversity and sweep of its energy, in the Industries which have been conceived and built up by the genius of individual men and tin- llmltleeS enterprise of group'" of men It Is great, nlso. very gre.u in Its moral force. Nowhere else in the world have noble men and women exhibited ill more striking torn", the beauty and energy of sympathy and helpfulness and counsel in their efforts to rectify wrong, alleviate suffering, and set the weak In the way of strength and bono, Wo have built up. moreover, a great system of govern ment, which has stood through a' long age as In many respects I model for those who seek to set liberty utinn foundations that will endure against fortuitous change, against storm and accident our life contains every great thing, and c - alns It In rich abundance. Evils That Have Come. Hut the evil has come with the good, and much fine gold has been corroded W:th riches has come In excusable waste We have squan dered a great part 01 whut we might have used, and have not stopped to conserve the HflQOdlng bounty of na ture, without which our genius for cn terprlie would have been worthless and Impotent, scorning to be careful, shamefully prodigal as well as ndmlr ably efficient. We have been proud of our Industrlnl achievements, but we havo not hitherto stopped thought fully enough to count the human cost, the cost of lives snuffed out, of ener gies overtaxed and broken, the fear ful physiral and spiritual cost to the men and women and children upon whom the deed weight and burden of It nil has fallen pitilessly the yearn through The groans mid agony of It all had not yet reached our ears, tin solemn, moving undertone of our life, coming up out of the mines and fac tories and out of every home where ihe struggle had Its intimate and fa miliar seat. With the groat govern ment went many deep secret things which wo too long delayed to look Into and scrutinize with candid, fear loss eyes. The great government W! loved hns too often been made use of for private and selfish purposes, and those who used It had forgotten the people. At laBt a vision has been vouch safed us of our life as u whole. Wo see the bad with the good, the de based and decadent with the sound und vital With this vision we ap proach new affairs. Our duty Is to cleanse, to reconsider, to restore, to correct the evil without Impairing the good, to purify and humanize ever; process of our common life without weakening or sentimentalizing it There haB been something crude and heartless and unfeeling In our haste to succeed and be great Our thought haa been 'IM every man look out for him self, let every generation look out for Itself,' while we reared giant machin ery which mado It ImposBlblo that any hut those who stood at the levers of 'Urol should have a chance to look not for themselves. We had not for gotten our morals. We remembered well enough that wo had act up a policy which waB meant to serve the humblest as well as the most power ful, with an eye single to tho stand ards of Justice and fair play, and re membered It with pride. Hut we wore very heedless and In a hurry to be great. Things to Be Altered. We havo DOOM now to the sober second thought The scales of heed lessness havo fallen from ou: eyes. Wo have made up our minds to square every process of our national life again with tho standards we so proud ly Bet up ut the beginning and have always carried at our hearts. Our w ork Is a work of restoration. Wo have itemized with some degree of particularity tho things that ought to bo altered and hero arc some of tho chief Items: A tariff which cuts as off from our proper part In the commerce of the world, violates the Just principles of taxation, and makes the government a facile Instrument In tho hands of private Inleresl.i; a bank ing nnd currency system based iikii tho necessity of the government to sell Its bonds fifty years, ago and per fectly adapted to concentrating cash and restricting credit! ; an in.tsuoirial System which, take it on ull It Miles, financial as well as administrative, holds capital In leading string!, re strict! the liberties and limits the op portunltieo of labor, and osplolto with out renewing or conserving the unt il i al resources of the country; a body of agricultural activities never yet given the efficiency of groat business undertakings or served as it should be, through the Instrumentality of science taken directly to the farm, or afforded the facilities nf credit best tutted 10 Its practical Deeds; water courses un developed, waste places unreclaimed, roroatl (intended, fast disappearing without plan or prospect of renewal. unregarded waste beape at every mine. We have studied as pel haps no other nation has tho most effective means of prodUCtlOn httt W0 have not studied cost or economy as we should cither as organizers of Industry, as states men, Of as Individuals Government for Humanity. Nor have we Studied and perfected the means by which government may be put at the service of humanity, In safeguarding the health of the nation, the health of its men and Its women nnd lis children, as well as their rights In the struggle for existence This Is no sentimental duty The firm basis of government is Justice, not pity These are matters of Justice There COO be no equnliiy or opportunity, the Bral ess' mini of Justice in tho body politic, If men and women and chil dren be not shielded In their lives, their very vitality, from the conse qut aces of great Industrial nnd social processes which they cannot alter, control, or Singly cope with, Society mUSl see to it that It doeii not Itself crush or weaken or damage its own constituent parts The lir.-,t duty of law Is to keep Bound tho society It serves. Sanitary law s, pure food laws, and lawn determining conditions of labor which Individuals are powerless to determine for themselves are inti mate parts of the very business of jus tice and legal efficiency, These are some of tho thlngB wo ought to do, and not leave the others undone, the old fashioned, Bever-to be neglectod, fundamental safeguarding Of property and of Individual right. This is the high enterprise of the new day; to lift everything that concerns our life as a nation to the light that shines from tbo hearthflro of every man s conscience and vision of the right It Is Inconceivable that wo should do this as partisans; It Is In conceivable we should do it In ignor ance of the facts as tbey are or In blind haste Wo shall restore, not de stroy We shall deal with our econ omic Bystsm as it Is and as It may be modified, not as It might be If we had a clean sheet of paper to write upon; nnd Blep by step we shall make it what It should be, in the spirit of those w ho question their own wiBdom and seek counsel nnd knowledge, not hallow self-eatiafaotlon or tho excite ment Of excursions whither they can not tell Justice, and only JUBtloe, shall always bo our motto. Nation Deeply Stirred. And yet it will bo no cool procosa of more science. Tho natlou haa been deeply stirred, stirred by a solemn passion, stirred by tho knowledge of wrong, of ideals lost, of government too often debauched and made an In strument of evil The feelings with which we face this in-w age of right and opportunity sweep across our heart strings like some air out of God's own presence, where Justice and mercy are reconciled and the Judge and the brother are one. Wo know our task to be no mere task of politics but a task which shall search us through and through, whether wo bo aide to understand our time and tho need of our people, whether we be in Seed their spokesmen and Interpre ters, whether we have the pure heart to comprehend and the rectified will to ohOOOO our high course of action. This Is not a dny of triumph: It Is a day of dedication. Here muster, not he forces of party, but the forces of humanity Men's hearts wait upon us; men's lives bang in the balance; men's hopes call upon us to say what we will do Who shall live up to the great trust? Who dares fall to try? I summon all honest men, all patriotic, all forward-looking men, to my side. Cod helping me, I will not fall them. If they will but counsel and sustain me' Possibly the era of superstition Is withering away. One of the great steamship lines Is to start out its ves sels on Fridays hereafter. Yet the canny traveler lUU refuses to In upper 13.