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THE FARMINGTON TIMES, FARM INGTON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, MARCH 5. 1915.
WHAT S10 DID FOR THIS WOMAN The Price She Paid for Lydia Which Brought Good Health. Danville, Va. - I have only spent ton dollars on your medicine and I feel so THE TIMES' Dairy Live Stock PAGE FOR THE FARMER OD Crops Farm Hints mo BOAD5 ROADS IN BETTER CONDITION Split-Log Drag of Great Service in Keeping Thoroughfares in Shape How It Is Built. The use of the split-log drag Is Im portant in putting the roads In shape. There are over 2,000,000 miles of earth roads In the country, and the split-log drag Is of great service In keeping them in economical repair. The drag is used in many states and in foreigu countries. It is used with two. three, or four horses, and Is easily con structed. It is a mistake to construct a heavy drag. A dry red cedar log is the best material for a drag. Red elm and wal nut when thoroughly dried are excel lent, and box elder, soft maple, or even willow are preferable to oak, hickory or ash. The log should be Beven or eight feet long, and from ten to twelve Inches in diameter, and carefully split down the middle. The heaviest and best slabs should be selected for the front. At a point on the front slab four inches from the end that 1b to be at the middle of the road locate the center of the hole to receive a cross stake, and 22 inches from the other end of the front slab locate the center for another cross stake. The hole for the middle stake will He on a line connecting and halfway between the other two. The back slab should then be placed In a position behind the other. From the end at the middle of the road measure 20 inches for the center of the cross stake, and six inches from the other end locate the center of the The Split-Log Drag. outside stake. Find the center of the middle hole as before. When these holes are brought opposite each other, one end of the back slab will lie 16 Inches nearer the center of the road way than the front one. The holes should be two inches in diameter. Care must be taken to hold the auger plumb in boring these holes in order that the stakes shall fit properly. The two slabs should be held 30 Inches apart by the stakes. The stakes should taper gradually toward the ends. There should be no shoul der at the point where the stakes en ter the slab. The stakes should be fastened tn place by wedges only. When the stakes have been placed in position and tightly wedged a brace two inches thick and four inches wide should be placed diagonally to them at the ditch end. The brace should be dropped on the front slab, so that its lower edge shall lie within an inch of the ground, while the other end should rest in the angle, between the slab and the end stake. A strip of iron about three and one-half feet long, three or four inches wide, and one-half of an inch thick may be used for the blade. An ordinary trace chain is strong enough to draw the implement, pro vided the clevis is not fastened through a link. The chain should be wrapped around the rear stake, then passed over the front slab. Raising the chain at this end of the slab allows the earth to drift past the face of the drag. The other end of the chain should be passed through the hole in the end of the slab. Make-Up of Dairy Cow. A wide, deep and full barrel or side is very Important in a dairy cow. She must have plenty of room in which to manufacture milk from food and a large barrel indicates large digestive "organs. A wide mouth and long, strong Java also indicate that Bossy is, like BW Nye, "fond of food." She ought also to have a large belly and moder ately high Hank. Beautify Home Ground. Set out fruit trees where they will add to the beauty of the grounds. CEDAR RUST DISEASE Trouble Is Very Abundant in Some Eastern Sections. Orchards In Vicinity of Cedar Thick ets Usually Suffer More Severely Than Those Which Are Situ ated Some Distance Away. The cedar rust of apples Is more or less widespread in the eastern and central portions of the United States. It is reported from New Hampshire to North Carolina on the Atlantic sea board and westward as far as Iowa and Nebraska. The disease is not found except In regions where both apples and red cedar grow. The red cedar is very ubundant in some parts of the eastern states, and in those sec tions there Is a great deal more of the disease than in any other portion. The principal reaBon for this lies In the fact, that, along with the abudance of cedar trees, tho large commercial ap ple orchards contain many varieties which arc particularly susceptible to tho disease. Orchards in the vicinity of cedar thickets have usually suf fered more severely than those which are situated at some distance. The Injury is more marked if the orchard is on the leeward side of the cedar thickets, where the spores of the dis ease may be continually borne in by prevailing winds, but all orchards of susceptible varieties of apples suffer more or less from the cedar rust. Two years ago, the financial loss to apple growers In the state of Virginia alone was estimated to be upwards of one half million dollars, and this did not take Into account the Iobs due to weakness of the trees and to Impairing the vitality of the fruit buds for the following year, which would surely diminish each succeeding crop. The cedar trees in the vicinity of apple orchards develop, during the winter and early spring, a large num ber of corky galls, which are common ly spoken of as cedar apples. These A "Cedar Apple" In the Gelatinous Condition. It Is Usual to Find This Condition After a Warm Spring Rain. When These Masses Begin to Dry Out They Set Free Millions of Sporldla Capable of Infecting Apple Foliage, galls contain tho winter spores and slowly mature during the warm days of late winter and early spring When the weather becomes warm enough and there is abundant moisture pres ent, the cedar apples thrust out many gelatinous tendrils. So long as the gelatinouB material Is damp the spores do not escape to any extent, but, if bright, sunny days with brisk winds follow, the watery tendrils are dried and the spores are blown away from the cedar apples. The wind, of course, blows these spores where It lists, but only those which are carried to apples trees find conditions which are suited to their germination and future development. How far these spores may be car- THE PERIODS OF GESTATION Approximate Figures Given for Com mon Farm Animals Considerable Variation Is Likely. So many inquiries have been re ceived relative to the period of gesta tion for common farm animals that we give the following brief statement of the approximate periods: Mares, 11 months; cow, 285 days; sheep. 6 months; goats, 5 months; sow, 4 months; dog. 63 days; cat, E0 days; rabbit, SO days; squirrel, 28 days; rat 28 days; turkey, Incubation, 26 to 80 days; guinea-hen, 25 to 26 days; geese, 27 to 33 days; ducks, 24 to 26 days; hen, 19 to 24 days; canary birds, 13 to 14 days. It must be remembered that the above figures are only approximate and that considerable variation will be experienced. For example, a record of 764 cows showed a shortest period of 220 days and a longest period of 313 days, with an average of 285 days. A record of 26 sows showed ex tremes of 109 and 123 days while a ree ded has never been definitely deter mined. Our observations and studies go to show, however, that If an orchard Is one half mile from the cedar, the amount of rust Infection is usually not great enough to be a serious injury to the orchard. Any cedar trees which are cut after March first should be burned, since they retain the ability to cause Infection for two months. RAISE BIG TOULOUSE GEESE Fowls Can Be Fed Almost Entirely on Grass Not Subject to Disease Like Chickens. We raise the large Toulouse geese and find them very profitable. They can be raised almost entirely on grass and are not subject to disease, like chickens. They commence to lay about the middle of February and will lay from twelve to fifteen eggs before wanting to set. They will lay three clutches of eggs If they are broken up when they want to Bet. One gander should be kept for every three or four geese and If they have access Pair of Toulouse Geese. to a pond of water In the spring, al most every egg will be fertile. The sooner the eggs are set after they are laid the better they will hatch. We set the eggB under hens giving seven eggs to each hen. If the weather is very dry we moisten the eggs with lukewarm water about the middle of the hatch and again a day or two before they are due to hatch. We nearly always have good luck hatching the eggs, says a writer In an exchange. We give the goslings their first feed and water when they are forty eight hours old. The water should be kept before them all the time in some thing that they can drink out of eas ily, but can't get Into. We keep green feed such as lettuce, mustard or tender grass before them all the time, and give them bread moistened with milk, pot cheese or wet corn meal, three times a day until they are three weeks old. After this we give them a good feed of wet corn meal every night and morning and all the green feed they will eat until they are about seven weeks old. Then they arc turned out in the pasture or in a rape patch and do not receive any more grain until fall. The goslings do not need a pond of water to swim in. TRADE MUST BE CATERED TO Appearance Has Much to Do With Sale of Dressed Poultry Adver tise All of Your Products. When shipping dressed poultry to market, all the whims and fancies of the trade must be catered to. Appear ance has much to do with the sale. A neatly Vlressed, plump carcass, free from pin feathers, at, once attracts the attention of the buyer. It is a good Idea to tag each carcass, and on this tag advertise the name and address of the farm that produced the carcass. It will lead people to call for your goods. Yellow skin and flesh do not nec essarily denote quality of flesh, but tho market calls for such, and It Is up to the poulterer to produce it. A full breast, broad back and plump body gives the Ideal appearance. ord of another ten sows showed periods varying from 101 to 116 days. The age, breed, condition, care and feed of animals affect the length of their period of gestation. TESTING SEED BY INCUBATOR Tray Made of Light Wood, Filled With Sand, Will Prove Efficacious Keep Temperature Right While not In use for hatching, the Incubator may be used for testing seed by making a false tray of light wood which Is filled with sand. The seed should be placed In the sand, covered and kept moist. Keep the tempera ture up to, or above 85 degrees, and the seed will germinate In a short time. Even when It Is In use for hatching, seeds may be tested by placing them between damp cloths in a plate, set ting the plate under the egg tray In what Is known as the "chick nursery." Plants thus germinated In sand may be transplanted to the hot bed, not only testing the seed for vitality, but utilizing those so tested. 1 . GET EGGS IN WINTER Nothing More Satisfying Than Thrifty Laying riens. Fowls Should Be Kept Comfortable and Fed Regularly Keep Pure Water Before Them Always Clean Quarters Essential. (By it. CHANDLER.) There Is no profit In keeping poul try In winter without eggs, and noth ing that brings more satisfaction, or better returns than good, thrifty, lay ing henB. Some seem to have the knack of getting eggs in winter, while others! are forever complaining. To be. suc cessful, one must use Judgment. No fool can succeed in this line of busi ness. Laying hens should have the best of attention. They should be kept com fortable both night and day, and fed regularly on clean food, and pure wa ter should be kept ever before them. Plenty of fresh air, sunshine, and clean quarters ave absolutely neces sary to the production of winter eggs. Many make the mistake of having 1 too fnnnv u'inHnwa Tho fniuto ., .r in the sunshine during the day and get too warm, and consequently feel tho night chill more. There Bhould be at least one large window on the south side and one in the east side, but it should be so arranged that the fowls cannot get nearer to them than a dis tance of two feet at least. Seo to it that there are no crncks to admit the wind at night, but remember that a little outside air, during the day, when the fowls are moving about, is a good thing. It is an excellent thing to have a gate or lath door that reaches from lop to bottom of the doorway, and dur' A Wyandotte Hen. lug the day open the door and set up the lath door, and button it on with wooden buttons. You will see how quickly the fowls will get to the fresh air and shake out their feathers. It is well to havo a good supply of fresh litter with small grain thrown into it, at hand to keep them busy. There is little danger of their getting a chill, even on very cold days. One of the most essential things I know of for success with winter egg raising is to have everything perfect ly dry. Dampness and thrift never dwell together. Never give water in troughs, for in this manner too much of It gets emptied. The best method for watering fowls that I have ever tried Is stone milk crocks. Useful Small Spray Pump. The small spray pump renders a big service and finds a place on every farm. Fighting buys is not its only duty. ' Horse Here to Stay. No matter how thick the autos come the good horse will never lose his place in the affections of men. The Men Who Get Credit. In the w ritings of Leonardo da Vinci one will find suggestions of many mod ern inventions. Including the flying machine, the submarine boat, and oth er devices. Hero of Alexandria actu ally built a steam engine, and yet the first idea did not originate with him. Scientists and writers on scientific subjects make It a rule to give credit to the man who first patents an idea or who first publishes a discovery in some journal. Damage by Codling Moth. - Few farmers realize how enormous aro tho losses from lack of spraying. The codling moth alone causes an an nual loss in New York state of more than three million dollars, and In 1909 wheat smut destroyed 10 per cent of the crops, a net loss of over one mil Ion dollars. An Anti-Suffrage Viewpoint. Gaylor (in cafe dansant) "There's my wife! And I'll het she's looking for me!" Fair Companion "Oh, dear! Why can't some people understand that woman's place Is in the home?" Puck. wrHHHHOn mar 1 I CAUT10N IN BUY,NG A H0RSE Take No Man's Word for Worth of i Animal Let Your Own Eye Be Your Sole Guaranty. If you want to buy a horse, take no man's word for the animal. Your own eyes is your guaranty. Don't buy a horse in harness. Take everything off but the halter and have him led around. If he has any falling you should see it. Let him walk by himself. If he walks right into anything you will know he has trouble with his eyes. No matter how clear and bright the latter may seem, the animal cannot see. Hack him, too. Some horses show their weaknesses and tricks in that A Fine Family Horse, Gentle and Kind. way, when they don't in any other. But smart as you may be, you'll get stuck sometimes. A horse may look ever so nice and go at a great pace, and yet have fits, and there Isn't a man who can fore tell this. Something must happen to bring it out. Also, he may have a weak back or, If he is balky, off he goes for a mile or two. then all of a sudden stops on tho road. After a rest he starts again, but soon stops for good, and nothing but a steam derrick will start him. ESSENTIAL FOR LAYING HENS It Is of Much Importance That Ample Supply of Grit and Lime Be Kept Before Fowls Always. A poor hen never lays. She must have surplus fat to make the yolk. The old theory that hens do not lay because they are too fat is no longer believed, as it has been found out that as the yolk Is composed of fat. it follows that she must have more fat than she needs to keep up her condi tion to produce eggs. But unless you kew them supplied with something with which to grind up their food in order to make It into eggs, all your grain and labor are an absolute waste. They must have grit, good, sharp grit. Keep a box filled and always before them of cracked china, Band and oyster shells, of equal parts. Lime, too, is quite as necessary, as the shell of an egg Is composed of lime. A box of air-slaked lime should be kept always at hand One should have a barrel or so of it on hand every fall, and use it freely about the hen house. Sprinkle It beneath their perches after cleaning out each morn ing, and always keep in the nest-boxes to absorb the dampness When the nights are very cold, It Is a good plan to heat the grain very hot in the oven before feeding, and always remember to feed early enough so that they can see to get It. A hot mash made of Indian meal and some kind of small grain, and wet up with hot water is good for break fast now and then. Feed on long boards so that all can get their share. If the hens do not seem to be taking enough grit supply, put a few handfuls of it in the mash; a little red pepper, too, will warm them up. Remember, the hens are early risiTS, and do not keep them waiting for their breakfast If you want them to till tho egg basket. Ther will re pay all such courtesy. FEED FOR HIGH PRODUCTION Satisfactory .esults Secured In Con necticut Egg-Laying Contests by Using Uniform System. A uniform system of feeding has been followed for three years In the Connecticut egg-laying contests. The results have been very satisfactory in every way. The dry mash is composed of coarse wheat bran. "JO, pounds; cornmeal, 100; gluten feed, 100; ground oats, 100; standard middlings, 75; flsh scrap, 30; beef scrap, 30; and low grade flour, 25. The scratch grain Is a mixture of cracked corn, 60 pounds; wheat, 60; heavy white oats. 40; barley, 20; kaflr corn, 10; buckwheat, 10; and coarse beef scrap, 10. As much of the beef scrap is lost in toe litter, it will be dropped from the scratch grain ra tion and all Teed In the dry mash. Big Mares Are Needed. No matter how big the jack may be he cannot sire large draft mules from the ordinary run of mares common on the majority of farms. much Detter man did when the doctor was treating me. I don't suffer any bearing down pains at all now and I sleep well. I cannot say enough for Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta ble Compound and Liver Pills as they have done so much forme. I am enjoy ing good health now and owe it all to your remedies. I take pleasure in tell ing my friends and neighbors about them. "-Mrs. Mttie Haley, 601 Col quhone Street, Danville, Va. No woman sufferine from any form of female troubles should lose hope un j til she has given Lydia E. Pinkham's This famous remedy, the medicinal ingredients of which are derived from native roots and herbs, has for forty years proved to be a most valua ble tonic and invigorator of the fe male organism. Women everywhere bear willing testimony to the wonderful virtue of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta ble Compound. If you have the slightest douht Unit Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta ble Compound will help you, write to Lydia E.PinkhamMedicineCo. (confidential) Lynn, Mass., for ad vice. Your letter will he opened, read and answered by a woman and held in strict confidence. Sprains.Bruises Stiff Muscles Sloan's Liniment will save hours of Buffering. For bruise or sprain it gives instant relief. It arrest s inflammationand thus prevents more serious troubles developing. No need to rub it in it acts at once, instantly relieving the pain, however severe it may be. Hero's Proof Charlet Jol.nton, P. O. Box 10&, Law ton's Station, N. Y., writes.- "I spT&ined my ankle and dislocated my left bip by falling out of a third titory window nix months aeo. I wont on crutches for four months, then I started to use some of your Liniment, according to your direc tions, and I must say that it is helping mo wonderfully. I threw my crutches away. Only used two bottles of your Liniment and now I am walking quite well with one cane. I nover will be with out Sloan's Liniment." All Dealers. 25c. Send four cents in stamps for a TRIAL BOTTLE Dr. Earl S. Sloan, Inc. Dept. B. Philadelphia, Pa. SLOAN'S LINIMENT Removes Bursal Enlargements, Thickened, Swollen Tissues, Curbs, Filled Tendon t. Sore ness from any Bruise or Strain; Stops Spavin Lameness. Allays pain. Does not Blister, remove the hair or lay up the horse. $2.00 a bottle, delivered. Book 1 K free. ABSORBINE, JR., the antiseptic lini ment for mankind. For Synovitis, Strains, Gouty or Rheumatic deposits, Swollen. Painful Varicose Veins. Will tell you more if you write, gl and J2 per bottle at dealers or delivered. Manufactured only by ffV.F. YOUNG, P. D. F. . 310 Tennis St.. Springfield. Miss. PREVENTION better than cure, Tutt's Pills If taken In time are not only a remedy for, but will prevent SICK HEADACHE, blUouaneis, constipation and kindred disease. Tuffs Pills BLACK LEG 10SSES SUREIV PREVENTED by Carter's Blsekles Pills. Low priced, fresh, rellsbfe; preferred by Western stockmen, because they protest waero nor vaccines rail where Writs I for booklet end testimonials. 10-dsss S't. Blacklel Pills Jl.00 tlse snjr Injector, but Cutter's best. OU-OQOe SKSe. Diaoeiey rnte - wv The superiority of Cutter products Is duo to oyer 19 Fears of specialising In yaeolnoe aad sereosi only. Isslst OS Cotter's. If unobUlnsblo, ordsr direct. Two Cutter laboritory. Berkeley. Cel.. or Otitis e. f Batter Values VPSTtSS MiMicLI delirerr waon. a-cyl I 86U Overland. -cyl., 6-pass 4B0 nt iai, jj-cti.. o-uBi MltcbeH, i-cfl., 6-paas Htudobaker, 4-cj., 6-pan.. Iluimiobtle, t-cyl., 6-pas. "31" Iliiuiunhiie. 4-cl.. 6-111.1.. Htarler II WSJ Maxwfll, i-ojU tVpa., I9ta..... tWO lAvunioblle. 4-cvl.. 6-Dass WO Mitchell, 6-eyL, fr-pass 1100 TermaiCasb paym-eat, balance notes. Wehei 1 ni.i fc Auto. Co., i"o Loctjsi Street.. .- LoQla, Mo. BBS ss MCWSSe WSSBWM Wwteom K.l'nl, UH I Pit I X '"'" " r- "mksfroe. " I H I Isll I Won references. Beat result . . . . .