Newspaper Page Text
THE FARMINGTON TIMES, FARMINGTON, MISSOURI
PAGE TWO TY i Family Allowance, Indemnity and In surance for Our Soldiers and Sail ors, Duty of Just Government By W. G. McAdoo. Bee. of Treasury The number of claims for exemp tion from military duty under the draft law has caused a painful im pression in many quarters, but after all, does not the fact that no provi sion has yet been made by the Gov ernment for the support of the wives and children, mother.: or fathers, of the men who have been drafted ex plain many of these claims for ex emption? Under the draft law the government has the power to require every able bodied man between 21 and 31 years of age to perform military duty. Thousands of the drafted men are wage earners who married years ago and are the sole support of dependent families. So long as the government has made no provision for the care of these dependents, it la natural that such drafted men should seek to pro tect their loved ones by staying at home. I am sure that if the Congress should promptly enact the pending war insurance bill, which makes defi nite allowances for the support of the dependent wives and children, fathers and mothers, of our soldiers and sail ors, claims for exemptions on that score will cease. This is an impcra- tive duty oi tne ir-jvernmer.i. we cannot deprive btlplesi women and children of the support of the wage- j earner by forcing him into the mili- ! tary service of the country unless , the government substitutes itself as their support. Imagine the emotion- of the man who is called into the military service of his country, with full knowledge terrrls an at net costs, first, because that his loved ones are left without the pay of ti e enlirted men in the ar means of support and may he reduced mv and navy ;s ejj than the wages to want unless the charity of the com- ( and salaries generally earned in pri munity in which they live comes to ; vate jfe which reduces their invest their relief. It would be nothing less jng capacity; and, second, because than a crime for a rich and just gov- government insurance ir an essential ernment to treat its fighting men so war and emergency measure, inaug heartlessly and to subject their de- urated for the specific benefit of our pendent wives and children, who are , military forces, and cannot and should unable to fight, to greater suffering j not be conducted for profit, than if they could fight. g h overh,ad charges as agents' The morale of an armv is as essen- iiL. , . . tial to its effective fighting power as guns, ammunition and other instru- mentalities of war. Of equal impor tance is the morale of the civil popu lation which musi nippurt me armies . . rr . . . in the field. Wo rannfit htivo thic oc. seiuiai muraie unless ine nuwun cum- .i.. .u. i. U.X. .l- luiis nit; men in tne nuu wiin tne .;n u . knowledge that everything possible LJJttZS? Sl 2 will be done for them and their fami-' rC0P'! " ,f JJfc ,. j ! ,u liti ,! publics auty to its heroes. 1 consider lies, and renders to the civil popula-; (J , ;:::, j ,; ' , u 31- :. .v,;v, .:n the most significant and progressive tion at home the assistance which will j -" ;., .. "J iim. ... , u. . measure presented to Congress since make it most effective ID upholding' . ji.,,: ,.,. i ?,k. , , .m u ut:C v,. tlte declaration of war. It lmmediate the government and the fighting fore- E ff.rt, ,h. u.:,,,, ,lf . pt The purpose of the war insurance bill now pending in Congress is to secure the future of American soldiers -, i . . . , I, , and sailors by insuring their lives and E?1S5LJC,i..S"S,5K mm. nmemmt.e, xvr ut ute mm total or partial permanent disability;. S , P,n f tl , v Z nl poverty and want by providing them ; tht?Xhnf ZT'J T ' mg the absence of the men at the, iront. The nation, having been forced to resort to the draft in order too, an uini tu suit; tne euuuti Ji, is under a higher obligation to do these thimrc fnr its fitrMino. fWoc ttrnn if a voluntary army only was created, dollars to create and maintain the This great and rich republic cannot af- i necessary fighting forces to re-estab-ford to do less, and it must do what , llsh Justice in the world. But justice i nrnnntPil in i. cnirif nf trratitnHo must begin at home; justice must be and not as charity. Every soldier ' nnH eoilnr vhfl corvo hio pmmirv In this war will earn evervthing (the ! proposed war insurance bill provides; w'ho sacrifice for us at home, lo do to be a beneficiary of the proposed ! justice for them requires only a tithe law will be a badge of honor. of tne money we are expending for the When we draft the wage-earner, general objects of the war. Let it we call not only him but the entire not be said that noble America was family to the flag; the sacrifice en- j ignoble in the treatment of her sol tailed is not divisible. The wife and ' die" nd sailors and callous to the children, the mother, the father, are I fate of their dependents m this great all involved in the sacrifice they di- j est war of all time, rectly share the burden of defense. The pending war insurance bill They suffer just as much as a soldier, ' gives compensation, not pensions; it but in a different way, and the nation j fixes amounts definitely in advance in must generously discharge as a ) stead of holding out the mere grat proud privilege the duty of maintain- i uities after the conclusion of peace, ing them until the soldiers and sail- It saves the dependents from want ors return from the war and resume j and gives them the necessaries of the responsibility. ; life while their men are at the front. We have drawn the sword to vindi- i cate America's violated rights, to re store peace and justice, and to secure the progress of civilization. We can not permit our soldiers, while they hold the front, to be stabbed in the back by uncertainty as to what is be- ing done for their loved ones at home. Our tomorrows arc in their hands theirs in curs. The national i conscience will not permit America's soldiers and their dependents to go unprovided with everything that a just, generous and noble people can ; do to compensate them for the suf ferings and sacrifices they make to serve their country. Aside from the care and protection of their dependents while the soldier is alive, the proposed war insurance act provides for definite condensation for; his dependents in case cf death, for j is finding the chautauqua audience definite and adequate indemnities in j worth speaking to. With an ex-pres-case of total or partial disability, : ident, the present vice-president and and for re-education of the maimed j speaker of the national house of rep and disabled man, so that he may take j resentatives (when they have leisure) up a new occupation and make him-1 among the chautauqua attractions, it self a useful member of society. We will be hard for the metropolitan must restore their efficiency and ad- j press to class the chautauqua any just their still available faculties and ; longer with the circus. These papers functions to suitable trades and voca- j will have to cease reviling the great tions, which the injuries of the bat- I educational movement which, starting tlefield have not wholly destroyed. a generation ago on Chautauqua Lake, The heavy depletions in man power j has spread to over six thousand corn resulting from this conflict, which is munities. without Drecedent in history or im- The ex-president may find it incon- agination, will place new and greater values upon all forms and degrees of human energy, and demand as a first duty of intelligent government that every remaining useful sense and limb of the blind and crippled shall be reclaimed under the benevolent pro cesses of education and reapplied to economic uses for the benefit of so ciety. The millions we shall be call ed upon to spend to support the de pendents of the soldiers while they are in the fighting lhie, for indemni ties and for re-education of the crip- pled, are in the last analysis invest ments of the best sort; they are sums of canital advanced by the nation to 1 promote utility, self-respect ar.J eco nomic development. .More man an, they are essentially humanitarian and the government of an essentia! duty to society. Military service is r.ow obligatory; those who imperil themselves have no election. The insurance companies do not and cannot permit this fact to af fect their calculations. They must protect themselves by charging pre miums so high that they are secured against loss no matter how severe the rate of mortality may be. Conse quently the very men who are called into the service because the physical condition is tire best and who as civil ians would for that reason be able to secure the most favorable insurance rate in peace time, are denied as sol diers the necessary life insurance to enable them to protect their families and dependents. The tremendous rates charged by private insurance companies to protect them r.gainst the extra Hazardous risKS oi war put insurance entirely beyond the reach of the conscripted soldier. Military necessity has, therefore, utjected the most flt subjects for in- gumr.ri' to an insurmountable l:Tim- mation unless the government itself supplies insurance at cost and upon a neaCe basis. It would, in fact, be das- uxrdly and undemocratic if the gov- ernment should penalize the soldier who is forced to render the highest duty of the citize:: by its failure to provide war insurance upon peace 0" a "XdSiTh. "... . ,l t administering this benevolent agency, just as it bears the cost of adminis tering all oCer governmental agencies n ,.,A.i tonne n nT pr cr.vf'rnm.nta nt'rnrips .?. . . " P established for the benefit of the peo- , Pie. number cf persons than any act With which I am familiar. It deserves the earnest and vigorous support of the tuu tiy. it uiuv uea tile ui'iuwest u.iu liberal protection ever extended E any government to its fighting f - d hi dependent families, Th Unj d Stat most . sivc and prosperous nation on earth, ni S pvmni i. thp j,i,i for wh h enlightened umaSfty't3 fight! . shouidBset tnc highest example of 4; . .,, all nations in the treatment of those who do and die for their country and fodfe! We are proposing to expend during the next year more than ten milion done to the men who die and suffer for us on the battlefields and for their w'ves and children and dependents It deals with its heroes liberally for the sufferings that result from their disablement on the field of battle, and, if they die, it makes just provision for the loved ones who survive them. It fosters the helpless and dependent, the maimed and disabled, and recognizes the immensity of the nation's debt to the valor and patriotism of her heroic son3. WELCOME, MR. TAFT Having, I believe, been upon the chautauqua platform longer than any other man in public life, it falls to my lot to extend a welcome to former President Taft, who is making an ex tended chautauqua tour through the central west. He has a message to deliver and he venient to snatch a lunch at a depot restaurant and to change cars at all times of the day and night, but the pleasures outweigh the hardships. Would that more of our public men would avail themselves of the chantau qua platform as a means of commun ing with the masses. W. J. BRYAN. If Germany stuck to her promises as closely as she tries to execute her threats, history would show no rec ord of the current war. I1AER WANTS UNITED STATES OUTLINE OF WAR PLAN S Following is a press dispatch frcrr. Washington, D. C. : An open demar j that the United States immediately declare its war aims was made I John M. Baer, of North Dakota, wb qualified as a representative in Con gress in succession to the late Henry T. Heigeson. Elect sd on the platf.r of the national non-partisan leag... Baer, after taking the oath of offi :e, issued a statement reviewing the rt . sens for his election. "My constituents," Mr. Baer d. clared, "in common with the people f this nation, are ready and willing to pour out blood ar.d treasure wftfcout limit in order to defend ar.d preserve cur country. They do not lack in loy alty and wiilir.gT.ess to suport the government in waging war to make the world safe for democracy. Pa triotism, however, can not be stirred in a war for the destruction of Germ:.-, autocracy in Europe if it is begun I y the suppression c: demccracy in Am : -ica. "President Wilson well cxemplif.c"! the temper of the American people when he said: 'Once more we shall make good with cur lives and fortur the great faith to which we were bor:..' Congress already has pledged t'.e lives of the men of this nation, and that without first securing their constrt. but still refuses to conscript the pri vate fortunes to defray the cost of the war. To conscript men, and at the same time allow monopolistic corpo rations to profit upon the world's misery, is undemocratic and repug nant to American ideals of liberty and justice. It is a monstrous injust in to ask the survivors of bloody fie! :? to come home and pay the money ccst of war. It is equally unjust to per mit lobbyists to oppose the conscrip tion cf wealth without let or hindrance while making it unlawful for a mother to oppose the conscription cf the life of her son. "Germany holds conquered territ ry in France, Belgium and the Balkans equal in area to her own European ter ritory prior to the war. Germany cannot be allowed to held these peo ple in subjection, nor to make this profit as a result of the murderous assault upon the peace of the world by the imperialists of the European nations. But while we are fighting to destroy German imperialism shall we fight to support British imperialism? Already as a result of the war Eng land holds in Africa a mililon square miles of territory. After an imper ial council had been held recently by the British and Colonial governments of the British empire the premier stated to the world that Great Brit ain would not relinquish its hold upon this territory. "President Wilson says that we are in accord with the aims of cur allios and that their aims are in accord with ours. If that be true then are we not fighting for imperialism and not for democracy? While engaged in righ teous war against German imperial ism why should the United States aid England or any other country in their imperialistic designs? Let us drag these questions out before the whole world and settle them before the bar of world opinion. If the German peo ple and government arc now willing to settle this war on the basis of the demands of our government we should no longer continue to war. We can not know that we are not sending our young, strong, capable men to die in the trenches, not for democracy but for imperialism, unless the thing for which they fight be explicitly specified. Shall we deny to the patriotic young men, the flower of the nation, who go to suffer and to die in foreign lands the reasons for which they die?" CONGRESS STIMULATES COUNTY AGENT WORK The importance of county agent work in the United States has been demonstrated repeatedly. Congress has given further recognition to the work by large appropriations which will foster the work in the present emergency. A recent bill has been approved which appropriated S1.876, 000 to be used in the North and West. A survey of the United States shows that most of the county agents are located outside of the most pro ductive agricultural elt in the coun try. Most of the food is produced in the section which has fewest county agents. Most of the appropriations will be spent in those counties which do not have county agents. An effort will be made to supply agents to those counties in which the farmers feel the need of an agent. The demand for an agent must come from the farmers themselves and no agent will be forced upon any county. A school was held recently at the University of Missouri College of Ag riculture to give instructions to a group of men who will Help administer the work outlined by the bill. These men have been prepared to present a plan of organization to the farmers whereby county agent work can be supported. Counties in which people desire an agent will be assisted in ob taining suitable men. Congress has seen the necessity of encouraging extension work and has, by this appropriation, approved the work which has already been done. The money will be spent primarily in supporting county agents, assistants to county agents, and in supervision of the various forces. Summer Complaint. During the hot weather of the sum mer months some member of almost every family is likely to be troubled with an unnatural looseness of the bowels, and it is of the greatest im portance that this be treated prompt ly, which can only be done when the medicine is kept at hand. Mrs. F. F. Scott, Scottsville, N. Y., states, "I first used Chamberlain's Colic and Diarrhoea Remedy as much as five years ago. At that time I had a se vere attack of summer complaint and was suffering intense pain. One dose relieved me. Other members of my family have since used it with like results." Obtainable everywhere. The Germap agents who are financ ing the strick of polishers at Bridge port ought to be promptly polished off. Is the Great Problem Solved ? Mere thrilling than trench capture! More important than wheat! More romantic than air duels! More en grossing than these ar.d all the re.-'., because it is still a mystery. What is the mysterious, secret in vention Edison, America's wizard, h.-.s perfected to destroy the U-boats ? This is the big question mark cf the entire world war. Here are the facts: 1 Almost a Mar- ago it was wide ly announced that America's electric genius had a marvelous scheme by which electric rays would .set off ex- plos es at great distance. 2 Several months ago a prominent member of the Naval Ccnsultin? Board of exprets announced American ir.vei.tive genius was about to turn against Germany a mysterious de . .. :ive agent that would rid the seas of U-boats. 3 July 14 Edison himself, in one of his rare statements. Issued to his sub ordinates, said cryptically: "We now have all the rebellious elements under control. Today will be remembered as the time when we removed the last jinx from the record." 4 July 20 the Navy Department permitted the announcement thai device to detect U-boats 10 miles away was nearly perfected. 5 A high government official said only a few day3 ago that Edison had just completed a task that would mate him the greatest man in the world. C The Westir.ghouse Company is said to be enlisting 1,000 men willing to be absolutely locked in from the outside world, holding no communi cation with it for ten months, making "war munitions." 7 Edison, white-haired, had been working for months, sixteen, eighteen, twenty hour3 a day, on the submarine problem before he made his announce ment. 8 No government official will say a word. Now what is the conclusion? 1 Was the announcement of the new rays of remarkable power some body's dream? 2 Was the Naval Consulting Board expert either a liar or a maniac? The board is not made up of that kind of men. Furthermore, his statement was not denied. 3 Did Edison boast wildly when he said he had solved the last war puz zle? Well you can number 100 mag ical inventions from Edison's brain. Can you number one boast? 5 Is the high government official who said Edison had finished a job that would "make him the world's greatest man" crazy? 6 Is the Westinghouse Company turning itself into a prison because it believes that will attract labor in these times of labor shortage? 7 Why doesn't some high official put these speculations to rest by an official denial of them all? Isn't it plain that, instead of more than facts being revealed, there ex ists more facts than even have been hinted at? Jules Verne predicted the U-boat. John P. Holland built it. H. G. Wells in his "War of the Worlds" told how the invading inhab itants of Mars used against the earth folk a powerful light ray that burned everything in the path it swept. Is Edison ready, through a West-inghouse-made machine, to turn this ligth ray on the German sharks? St. Louis Star. TELL THE PEOPLE THE FACTS! "To make the world safe for de mocracy" the high-sounding aim of the United States in the war, laid down by President Wilson is a true expression of the idealism back of our entrance into the great world conflict, but it is not a battle-cry. It is not a clarion call to harden men's hearts and steel their arms. The people of this country are com mencing to realize that if we are go ing to win the war we must FIGHT! and America is NOT fighting today. Her government is at war but her people are not FIGHTING. A Middle West Senator, who is not a La Fol lette or a Gronna, or a Stone, told a friend the other day that if a plebcs cite was taken in his state on the war the people would vote four to one against it. Throughout the length and breadth of the country this feeling ex ists to a certain extent, fostered by the pacifists, the socialists and other deliberate or unwitting agencies of Kaiserism. As S. Stanwood Menken, President of the National Security League, said in his opening address at the great patriotic education confer ence held under the auspices of the League at Chautauqua, N. W., early in July, "The people are asleep! They do not realize that their individual in terests, their homes and their very lives are threatened!" The meaning of "making the world safe for democracy" passes over the head of the average man. He will not FIGHT in response, and FIGHT he must if America is going to win the war! His personal, individual rela tion to the war; what the difference of victory or defeat will mean to HIM, must be explained. He must be told that German aggression in Middle Europe means German aggres sion in NORTH AMERICA and that the dumb subservience of peaceful, home-loving Germans to the power of arson and rape means HIS dumb sub servience! The National Security League and other agencies are engaging in the task of bringing a realization of these things to the people. Power to them! There is plenty of patriotism and plenty of fighting blood in this coun try. But it will only be brought out by the FACTS! Tell the people the facts! Make them Mad! Then they'll FIGHT! Stomach and Liver Troubles. No end of misery and actual suf fering is caused by disorders of the stomach and liver, and may be avoid ed by the use of Chamberlain's Tab lets. Give them a trial. They only cost a quarter. Obtainable everywhere. ORDER For your good, as well as ours, we will hereafter not accept meat orders for delivery after 11 o'clock in the morning and 5 o'clock in the afternoon. You must get your meat orders in early, especially for roasts, else we cannot make the delivery. We appreciate your patronage, and in or der to render to you the best possible service, we are adopting this "better way". Yours to please. Autsen's Meat Market PHONE 53 INSURING OUR FIGHTING MEN The plan cf Secretary of the Treas ury ItcAdoo for life and indemnity insurance for the soldiers and sailors of the United States, after discussions by represon.ative insurance men and report on by advisory committees, has been put in definite form and submit ted to President Wilson. The President's comment was as follows: "I have examined the enclosed pa pers very carefully and take pleasure in returning them with my entire ap provel." A bill has been introduced in Con gress along the lines suggested by the Secretary of the Treasury and ap proved by the President. In essentials it is proposed that the government furnish at cost to the sol diers and sailors of the United States life and indemnity insurance. The main featuies of the Secretary's plan are that the govornment shall bear all the cost of the administration of the insurance plan and that no ex pense of any kind shall be a charge on the funds created by the payment cf premiums by the soldiers and sail ors. Kelieved of over-l,ead c.iarges, eight dollars a week for every thou sand dollars insurance will be an ade quate charge, under the plan, and this figure will put the maximum insurance of ten thousand dollars within the reach of practically every private sol dier or sailor. Insurance in private companies would cost many times this sum for men actually engaged in war fare. After the war the insurance may be converted into other forms. The in surance is to be payable in install ments, is non-assignable and free from the claims of creditors of the insured or of the beneficiary, r.nd is limited to the wife, children, and other specified kindred. If total disability results or disease is contracted in the course of service, the compensation is to be based on percentage of pay, with a minimum, however, of from forty to seventy five dollars a month, according to the size of the family. Partial disabili ties are to be computed on a basis of percentages of total disability. Medical, surgical and hospital treat ments, supplies and appliances are to be given. Rehabilitation and re-education of the injured soldiers and sail ors, fitting them for lives of activity rnd usefulness is part of the plan. The plan also contemplates free al lowances to the families of soldiers and sailors the government supple menting the sums set aside by the sol diers and sailors out of their wages. The insurance is not to be a gift of the government but is to be paid for out of the pay of the insured men. The government, however, is to take upon itself the cost of collecting and ALWAYS DEPENDABLE MEETS ALL DEMANDS The Bobert Tetley Jewelry Go. (ESTABLISHED 1868) parmington, JVIo. Whatever you may desire in the jewelry, clock, silver and plated ware line, cut glass and dainty articles, you can find them at Tetleys. Stock always full of the most attrac tive articles. Watches, clocks and jewelry repaired and put in first class condition. EARLY administering the funds and also the extra hazard caused by the war, the rate of eight dollars per thousand be ing a normal rate in peace time and an entirely inadequate rate for war risk. The workmen's compensation laws and the experiences. of insurance com panies in this country and the laws and experiences of other countries have been studied and used in the pre paration of this bill. Secretary McAdoo emphasizes the justice and rightfulness of such a function of the government by citing the fact that in this war we are not relying upon the volunteer system but are drafting American men and compelling them to undergo danger and, if necessary, make the supreme sacrifice for their country. A higher obligation, he says, therefore rests upon the government not only towards the fighting men but towards those dependent on them and a just, gene rous and humane government should see to it that so far as is practicable they should be given this protection, not as a matter of mercy or charity but as a matter of right. And that they should enter into the service of their country with the certain knowl edge that if death or misfortune comes to them they and their depend ents are protected by insurance afford ed them by their government as a part of the compensation for the ser vice they are rendering their country. In conclusion Secretary McAdoo points out that while this plan may call for considerable expenditures at present, yet the eventual cost to the government of this plan will be very much less than that which would re sult from the adherence to the pres ent pension program of the country, and, further, that the pension system will not provide the same benefits nor cover the subject in the same compre hensive, humane and equitable way. There is no use to which the funds derived from the sale of Liberty Loan Bonos can be put which will be more cordially approved by the people of the country than to provide this just and deserved protection to the men who are braving atl the dangers of this war on land and sea fh the service of their country. Germany is entirely willing to make another peace if somebody will kind ly furnish the scrap paper. The door of a prominent govern ment official at Washington bears the legend, "enter without knocking", but in the case of this particular official, how could one? It begins to look as though the on ly thing that would bring $2 wheat and the 5-cent loaf of bread together is the clastic currency the financiers are always talking about.