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THE FARMINGTON TIMES, FARMINGTON, MISSOURI.
PAGE THREE 800,000 Infantrymen to Go to France With 400,000 Washington, August 19. The War Department is planning to send more than 800.000 infantrymen to France. On the basis of two infantrymen to one artilleryman the ratio preserved in the organization of the new divisions this will mean that at the very least our overseas forces will number I, 200,000 fighting men. Of the more than a million and a half the United States will soon have under arms, the remainder will be re-1 tained in the United States as depot troops from which the vacancies in the ! expeditionary forces will be filled. This statement, the first authentic' indication of the actual numbers ofi fighters to go abroad, was contained quite incidentally in a bulletin from the Committee on Public Information today. Officials have hitherto maintained strict silence on the matter and today no further information as to the time or order of the moving of troops was permitted to be published. It is known, however, that 100.000 men a month can 6e transported to Europe and kept in supplies there with the shippnig now at hand. If the full possibilities of the shipping facilities are availed of, and it has always been insisted they would, this would mean that the 1,200,000 men will be in Eu rope within the year. The bulletin of the Committee on In formation, in which this statement was contained, related to the cost of equip ment of each -infantryman. Each man's full equipment to start NOTES AND COMMENTS Mr. Lloyd George seized the oppor tunity, while in Paris, of impressing the French newspaper editors with something of what Great Britain has done in this war. "We knew it be fore," says Gustave Herve, "but never had we realized it so much as in the light of the few figures given us by the British Premier." Figures have an eloquence of their own; they com bine statement with proof in a way particularly appreciated by the pre cise French mind. There is, of course, no doubt that the French people rec ognize what the help of great Britain has meant to France ever since Aug ust, 1914, but there' is no harm in a gentb reminder, particularly when it come3 from such a persona grata, with the modern Gauls, as the Celt Pre- It is held, in California, that nobody has ever seen a native jack rabbit drink. The testimony of observers who have dwelt in the most arid of the deserts is to the effect that never is a jack rabbit found in the neighbor hood of an oasis. The margins of wa terholes in desert districts have 'open carefully examined by the curious to see if the tracks of a jack rabbit could be found, but without success. Apparently he never drinks. The wonder is that no bone-dry' State has adopted the jack rabbit as a symbol. The difficulties of explaining Brit ish parliamentary procedure to a Frenchman are feelingly described by a recent writer. The question was Mr. Bonar Law's statement on the abandonment of the Mesopotamian proceedings, and it was pointed out that Mr. Dillon had secured permission to move the adjournment of the House. The Frenchman was obvious lv delighted. A brilliant scheme! Who would say that there was any difficulty in understanding British methods? That, of course, was to ston discussion. It would prevent the Left it is always the Left from ob jecting, because there would be no speech. When it was explained to him that the adjournment motion nvjant more speech, instead of none at all, the cloud settled down again. "Truly quaint people, you English," he murmured. While her husband wos serving with his regiment on the Mexican border, last summer, Mrs. Charles H. Brown conducted his newsnapcr, the Horton (Kan,) Headlight-Commercial, with what a rival paper generously calls "signal ability", bringing both the circulation and the advertising pat ronage uo to the highest notch. Her husband, who is a captain, has now b' en called cut with the Kansas con tingent destined for France, and Mrs. Brown has resumed her editorial du ties. The same generous rival now expresses the hope that Captain Brown may accomplish as much for democ racy at the front as his wife will ac complish for the same cause at the rear. This is a fair illustration of the way they are taking things in Kansas. Beware of Ointments for Catarrh that Contain Mercury as mercury will surely destroy the sense of smell and completely derange the whole system when entering It through the mucous surfaces. Such articles should never be used except on prescriptions from reputable physicians, as the damage they will do Is ten fold to the good JTOO can possibly derive from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O., contalnt no mercury, and Is taken Internally, toting directly upon the blood and mucous sur faces of the system. In buying Hail's Catarrh Cure be sure you let the genu ine. It Is taken internally and mad - In T.dedo. Ohio, by F. J. Cheney & Co. Tea tiniontnls free. Sold bv lirugclsts. Frloe 7jc per bottle Take Hall's Family Plllr for co'JStlpi.tlon. Other Fighters with will cost $156.30, divided as fol lows: Clothing, etc., $101.21; eating utensils, etc., $7.73; 'fighting equip ment, $47.36. The fighting equipment, which in cludes steel helmets and gas masks, is to include the United States Rifle, model 1903, generally known as the Springfield. It is announced that the first 600,000 to 800,000 troops to go to France will carry that weapon, but that the so-called Enfield rifle, used by British troops, is being manufac tured to equip other American troops and has been officially designated as the American rifle, model of 1917. This means all the infantry of the original expedition will carry the Springfield. Total Cost, $125,000,000. It is not stated in the announce ment where the British Enfield is be ing manufactured, but recent reports have been to the effect that it is being made in England. The estimates of costs given are for infantrymen only, and only those who are to go to France are mentioned. Figured on a basis of 800.000, it will cost in round numbers $125,000,000 for infantry equipment alone. These figures do not, of course, in clude transportation, subsistence, med ical supplies, ammunition, etc., except that on the item of ammunition each man is furnished, as a starter, with 100 cartridges. The additional am munition which will be needed at the front is not mentioned, nor many other items. UNCLE SAM PLANNING BIG FOR MISSOURI'S BIG FAIR Every day adds a new touch to the plans that are being made for the big patriotic and war and navy displays that are to be a big feature of the Missouri State Fair, Sept. 22 to 29, at Sedalia. Not only is Uncle Sam work ing hard at getting this vast collection cf war materials and supplies and ord nance togeti.er but England and France and Canada are doing their best to help make the Missouri Fair a big patriotic show this year. France will send big guns from the Somme secter, grizzled old veterans of the Marne and the Somme, death-dealing weapons that have done their grim bit. England will send relics and arms and ordnance from the Ypres and Flanders campaigns and sectors, while the Canadians and the Belgians will send all sorts of curios and relics tak en in their attacks and assaults on different salients. But more realistic than these elo quent relics of great battles and cam paigns will be the vizualized warfare that Uncle Sam and his allies arc put ting on in front of the steel grand stand. Here will be the intrenched armies with a veritable No Man's Land between. Over this terrian will go worming the two great tanks with their machine guns spitting fire at the trenches of a dummy enemy while military planes rise from the south end of the centerfield of the race track to drop bombs on the intrenched ene my. The tanks will plow their way through barbed wire entanglements as the military planes drop imaginary death in this pageant of slaughter. Back of the trenches where the Sammies and their allies are backing up the tanks and the military planes with their machine gun fire and artil lery fire will be the Red Cross units and Ambulances and hospitals, and back of these the ration depots, war for the military planes, the batteries of big guns and the rest camps cf the Sammies. It will be a pageant of death, de picting to the civil population what the Missourians are to fight with Black Jack Pershing, bravest of the brave, and a thorough going Missourian, like General Crowder. too, are facing and fighting with and against. The Red Cross will bring home the message of loving care and cheer for those who are fighting and falling on a foreign soil that freedom might live more free ly. It will be a great spectacle of war as it is, and what Missourians can ex pect to see if any of them ever have a chance to go to the fighting fronts of Europe or ever volunteer for the missions of mercy that the Red Cross performs constantly back of the bat tlefield. It will be the world greatest showing of vizualized warfare ever attempted anywhere or any time. PURE BRED HOGS AND CATTLE We are now preparing a booklet which will list the fall offerings of the leading Poland China, Duroc, Berk shire, Hampshire and O I. C. hog breeders of Missouri and also the of ferings of the leading Hereford, Angus and Shorthorn breeders and in a few days it will be ready for distribution and free to all farmers who will send us a 2c stamp to cover cost of mailing, By having this booklet you will be able to select exactly the breed of hogs and cattle vou want at prices in keeping with the size of your pocket book and you will also know that vou are dealing with honest breeders for this is the only kind we list. The fine corn crop which is in prospect in Southeast Missouri, should make this a great year not only for feeding but especially is this a good time to get a start in pure bred hogs or cattle, for the farmers of the United States will have to replenish the devastated herds and flocks of Europe when the war comes to an end. Thrcught the Corn Belt, therefore, the slogan is "Build Up Your Breeding Stock." And remember a pure bred hog or steer eats no more than a scrun ana brings twice as much in the market. What Southeast Missouri has long needed is better live stock and our booklet will list hundreds of spring gilts and boars of the different breeds, as well as young bulls and heifers of the different types therefore, do not delay writing us. We will also be in the market for several thousand bush els of good cowpea and soybean seed. Address THE MISSOURI FARMER, Columbia, Mo 32-3t, Wheat Acreage Must Be Increased More wheat must be grown. It is estimated that the Missouri acreage must be increased 30 per cent this fall over the acreage sown last fall if the State furnishes its quota of wheat needed in the United States and Eu rope. Concerning the necessity of production J. C. Hacklcman of the University of Missouri College of Ag riculture and chairman of the seed stocks committee of the Missouri Council of Defense, has given the fol lowing interview to the press: "There can be no question but that we are now facing a serious shortage of food in the world's store house and' we must prepare to export more wheat during the next year and a half than ever before in the history of the Unit ed States. Our exports of wheat in 1916 were not to exceed 25 per cent of our pro duction. During 1917 we must export 40 per cent and if this war continues longer than the next year, we may be compelled to exceed even that figure if we supply the food which our allies must have. "Missouri has been asked in this great stimulation program to in crease the wheat acreage very mater ially over the acreage sown last fall. lhe increase necessary is about ,u per cent over the area sown last fall, hut considering the harvest acreage this summer it will be necessary to in crease from 1,039,000 to 2,400,000 acres. "This increase means an average of about ten acres per farm instead of approximately seven as has been grown. The farmer, therefore who sowed 20 acres of wheat last fall will sow at least 27 this fall. The man who sowed 50 acres will sow 65 to 70. 'Were it not for the fact that the world is hungry and the fact that there is an actual scarcity in the vis ible bread stuffs supply of the world, the farmers might be facing a glutted market. The conditions of the world's food store, however, guarantees a heavy demand for all food produced, and especially is this true of the wheat from which the soldiers' bread must come. 'There never was a time in the his tory of the State and Nation when the prospects were better for the farmer to make excellent profits from his farming operations. This is particu larly true of wheat, and the farmer who increases his acreage by 30 per cent will not only be rendering a pa triotic service but he will at the same time be taking advantage of a good business opportunity. 'The College of Agriculture at t oi- umbia, together with the United States Department of Agriculture, are planning an extensive wheat cam paign. In this work It is proposed to send representatives of the College of Agriculture into all wheat counties of the State to give any assistance they can to the farmers. "These county .wheat campaigns will be arranged and handled by the members of the county councils of defense and the officers of the farm ers' organizations of the county." A DISAPPEARING TAX RATE And now comes Governor Gardner and announces that he will convene the Legislature in extra session next spring for the purpose of reducing the State tax rate. This will democratic Missouri set another record for her sister States. Many times have the legislatures been called for the pur pose of raising tax rates, but never to lower them. This comes as a result of the ef forts of the State Tax Commission to secure a true and equitable assess ment of all property, both personal and real, and the uncovering of hid den wealth that is now entirely es caping taxation. There will also following a lowering of the ratesin counties, cities, school districts and other municipalities, so that those who are now paying a fair assessment will have their taxes re duced while those who have been es caping in the past will have to "kick in" with their part to help support the government, both State and local. Some have conceived the false no tion that the State Tax Commission was created for the sole purpose of increasing taxes. Such is not the case. Their duties are to enforce economy in the expenditure of public money and to bring about equity in' assessment. The platform of the Commission is summed up in this declaration: "Lower rates of taxation for all; lower rates for all who have been ac-! customed to paying; larger receipts from the dodgers, and greater value in return for money spent." It is the hope and belief of the Gov ernor that if the new revenue meas ures are not interferred with, the State will be able to entirely abolish its levy on general property, and that the entire operating expense of 'the State government will be raised by taxing privilege. DON'T FORCE THE MOLT Laying hens should be allowed to molt naturally. The common idea that if hens are compelled to molt early they will quickly feather out and ; commence laying early in the fall is erroneous. Usually the late molting! hen is the heavier producer. In fact a lack of feathered growth is suggest ed by G. W. Harvey of the University of Missouri College of Agriculture as one cf the points to consider when se lerting hens for winter laying. Very often show birds are forced into a summer molt by a restriction of feed. This is done so that the birds may be in full feather once more for the early show season. Thin should never be practiced with utility stock. It will cause production to stop and weakens the hens at a time of the year when full strength is needed. It is unwise to change the general char acter of the feed. The addition of some oil-carrying ingredient, howev er, such as sunflower seed, will aid in the development of new feathers. Chesterfield f IMPORTED ml DOMESTIC tobaccos Blended. 'They please great! But also If a cigarecie simply pleased the taita, smokers used to let it go at tnaL But not now. Because Chesterfield give cmoksrs not only a taste that they like, but also a new kiad cf cmokins-eiijcyrr.ont Chsaterfie!d3 hit tho smolce tpot, they lei you know you are smoking they "Satisfy"! Yet, they're MILD! The mw blend of pure, natu ral Imported and Domestic to baccosthat tells the story. And the blend can't be copied don't forget that! Ask fo? Chesterfields next time you buy. ... dtJhi t. HAY FEVER PREVENTION EXPLAINED BY DOCTOR There are few diseases which cause more discomfort and real suffering than hay fever. The symptoms come on with sneezing, watering of the eyes and resemble in many ways the symptoms of an acute cold. Often it is accompanied by asthma, according to Dr. M. P. Ravenel of the University of Missouri. It has been one of tho most difficult of all the diseases to prevent and to cure, and it is only recently that we have proved that it is due to the pol len of various plants. Some people seem more susceptible to one or two whereas in other people the symp toms are produced by a great variety of pollens. One English physician who was a sufferer from hay fever tested himself from the pollens be longing to 35 natural orders of plants, and all of them produced the symp toms in him. Through these researches, a suc cessful vaccine has been made for the prevention of the disease. The disease is periodical, coming on each year, al most on the same day. The pollens of the golden rod and rag weed are the most common causes of hay fever. For the natural prevention of this di sease it is essential that in town and in the country the grass and weeds should be cut. Vaccines are now on the market prepared by collecting the pollens of various flowering plants, weeds and grasses, particularly those known to produce the disease. The vaccines are injected under the skin. It is best to betrin the treatment some weeks in ad vance of the expected attack. By use of the vaccine people are made im mune to the pollens of the various plants. The results have been gratify ing. Many patients escape altogeth er, while others have slight attacks in place of the severe suffering to which they have been .accustomed. TOOTHSOME MEATS Of every description can always be secured at Autsen's Meat Market. $5.00 Coupon Books for $4.85. Good meat is our specialty. Phone 53. The particular feature about the war's birthday is that no one wished it many happy returns of the day. CmARETTES the taste A GRAVE ERROR There is no doubt that the average Christian fails in much, but it is cer tainly true that he fails as a citizen oftener and in larger measure than in any other relation; and it is prob able that for this the ministry is re sponsible, to a considerable extent in every church, but more especially in ours. The genius of our institution has developed and helped as sacred and necessary the separation of Church and State, and many of our people, because of the use of the pul pit for the dissemination of partisan politics and personal prejudices, have utterly repudiated politics, and, in many cases, have gone to a danger ous, or at least, a deplorable extreme, in refusing to consider such questions, not merely in the pulpit, but in pri vate life as well. That this is a ruinous error, will not be denied by any thoughtful and well informed man. To confound mere partisan prejudices, or the ex cesses arising from lust of place or gain, with the sober thought and dig nified utterance and action of the Christian patriot, is to exhibit a blind ness absolutely without excuse, and if one appreciates the grave responsi bilities of christian citizenship and evades thorn, he is doubly guilty. We fear that many, who boast with some thing of pride of their utter ignor ance of political matters and refuse to take any possible part in munici pal government, are parading as a virtue that which is really a shame, and very often, no doubt, our atti tude on this question is the result of physical or moral indolence or inex cusable ignorance rather than Chris tian manliness. No doubt there may be cases in which really religious men give too much attention to partisan Dolitics and allow themselves to be i used by the designing and unprin cipled; but generally speaking, tne really conscientious and sincere Chris tian men refuse or neglect to give any attention to these matters; and thus the most cherished and sacred inter ests cf society are left to the mercy of the mere politician, who is too of ten the tool and slave of the corpora tion or the creature of the saloon. Without any possible hesitation, we say that there are times when the earnest and true man might with pro priety, serve God and humanity more forcefully in the caucus or at the M.lW n glass- me Daner keeps them j ( u hustings than in the prayer meeting, and for a man to close his eyes in Christian revery or even in soul tra vail while the world and the devil are dictating the policy of the government and directing and controlling the mu nicipality, cannot be too severely con demned. If the minority and the few faithful (for they are faithful) men who are really consecrated to God, will only devote all their time and at tention, to dead issues and obsolete questions in morals and religion, and say nothing about the saloon, the gambler or the dive-keeper, all these gentry will cheerfully contribute to the support of the church, and all will compliment the preacher for "tending to his own business and keeping out of politics." The highest compliment ever received by the writ er was once just after removing from a certain city of the "second class", when a man of tho world said jocular ly that the saloon people would rather have us leave than any other man. And yet we had not mistreated any of them personally. St. Louis Chris tian Advocate. PENITENTIARY YIELDS A SURPLUS When Governor Gardner suggested a change in the method of operating the State Penitentiary and the com plete abolition of the contract labor system, many Republicans, in the Leg islature and out of It, opposed the change and asserted that it would cost the taxpayers at least a million dol lars a year. In this connection the monthly re port of State Treasurer Middlekamp is interesting. The report discloses that the earnings of the penitentiary for the month of July were $90,786.71 and the disbursements were $86,562. 53, leaving a balance for the month of $4,224.18. All other State funds show healthy balances also. State revenue $885, 382.58; State school funds $2,024, 008.11; State road fund $640,526.40; Capitol building fund $707,831.17. Democrats of Missouri may well point with pride to the business rec ord of the present administration as evidenced by the splendid financial showing. The Kaiser is probably sorry that he didn't see America first.