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THE FARMINGTON TIMES, FARMINGTON. MISSOURI America in Graver Danger Than People Generally Believe BY HUDSON MAXIM Member Advisory Board, American Defense Society. : and Italy, unless something ll done r to going against us. Our I , don(? ,ckj- to st the J.bo.t try is m grave danger. Thelmenace A important New York Th country foundation of free institutions are quaking under the assaults of Ger many's great guns. It is of the ut most importance that the American people should realize, and without a moment's delay, that our peril is ac tual, colossal and imminent. The time for united supreme effort is now. the time has come when ev cry selfish interest must be made to yield to the one common supreme in terest, the salvation of the nation. It is time that treason should be de fined, nnd if its definition is not found cnrnmpr.:tsing enough to in clude all traitors and enemies of the country, its definition should be broadened to include the activities of all persons, whether actuated by good intentions or by bad intentions, whether based on ignorance or on German propaganda, so long as those activities lend toward the country's undoing. To advocate pacifism, that tells the people there is no danger, when there is very great danger, should be trea son. To advocate disarmament when we should arm, to tell us that we should disband our army when we arc in urprent need of raising and training a great army, should hereafter be treason. Should Be Treason. To proclaim that there is no danger of war and to discourage enlistment, 'when we are resting on a very volca no 01 war, should De declared treason If such activities bd not already recog- j nized as actual treason, they should be so recognized and sn proclaimed nnd made punishable with death. Before the outbreak of the world war millions of Americans were led by the pacifists to believe that, we were actually flirting with the millenium. When the great European war burst upon the world it should have con vinced everyone at the start that it would be utterly impossible for us to keep out of the war very long, and it should have set us to getting ready at once, with all our might and with ev ery resource. Yet nothing was done for more than two years to prepare j tor tne great, struggle in which wej Great Britain, therefore, is in the are now involved. , direit peril, and her peril is our peril, there is, even now, n wide lack of too. We must realize the stern truth appreciation of the fact that the conn-1 that if our allies are beaten the Amer try is in danger, the pernicious fatu-; icnn republic will be knocked down by ism that (of course we could lick all : the mailed fist, like a house of cards, creation and not half try) is hard to j There may be eomfort in the old saw, eradicate. Had we entered the war; but it is a false comfort that "where at the start and done then exactly ignorance is bliss, 'tis folly to be what we have started to do now, we i wise." might have made the winning of the j Pope said, "Oh, blindness to the fu wnr by the allies assured; but it may I ture, kindly given that man may fill very likely be too late. . I the circle marked by heaven." some disquieting facts: J he war; cannot do won against uermnny 0:1 land. It requires five times the num-1 her of men and five times the quan-1 lily m munitions to capture a mod-, on the side that has the best subma crn entrenched position that it does rinse. to hold such a position, and there can be no such preponderance on the western front. The war must be won, if won at all, on the sea and in the air. That Germany has been greatly suc cessful on land since the outbreak of the war, cannot be denied, and lately she has been crumpling up the Rus sian republic like a piece of paper. When Germany needs a new army to fill her depleted legions she has but to pave the way to a Russian cam paign by bribery of the right persons in right places and then go and cap ture a Russian army. If it he urged that captured Russians could not well be turned against their own people and that Germany would be too con siderate to adopt such-a measure, it may also he urged that the Russians, already, without German compulsion, are setting themselves against their own neople and cutting one another's throats most liberally, while the acts of Germany since the war began are not such as to warrant the belief that she would hesitate much from ethical consideration in fighting Rusians with Russians. Hordes at Germany's Bidding. Frederick the Great once captured an enemy army and compelled it to fight for him. If Germany succeeds in conquering Russia, or the most im portant parts of it, she will easily he able, by force and bribery combined, to establish a Russian government fa vorable to Germany, and be able to enlist Russia as a German ally. Then all the great hordes of the European and Asiatic steppes will be at Ger many's bidding, and the inexhaust ible resources of vast fertile regions will be commandeered for her use. The most abominable and terrible weapon 01 war is poisonous gases. The Germans have recently developed a gas which is at once highly poison ous, invisible and without odor. It is, therefore, impossible to know when the gas is coming. Men falling dead in their tracks is the first signal. As far back as four miles behind the trenches many have been smitten and killed by this gas. The effects of the paison are mainly those of carbonic oxide. If the victim is not killed immediately by the poi son he may revive in a hospital and soon feel as well as ever, but the mo ment he gets up he is likely to fall instantly dead from the clots in his blood made by the poison. The gas is probably a mixture of carbonic oxide with some gas much heavier, possessing a strong affinity for carbonic oxide, thereby weighing it down and causing it to creep like chlorine along the surface of the ground. Germany is sinking the merchant marine of the entente powers three times as fast as new ships can be built. Every ship that Germany sinks brings Britain, France and Italy just so much nearer famine and enforced submission. The blood of our over seas allies may be drawn as truly by the withdrawal of food, which is blood, as by the drawing of blood on the battlefield. It is but a matter of months, not of years, when the U-boats will Ij; able to starve out dreat Britain, i ranee business man, who has been doing a large business with our overseas al lies, assured me that the people of the British Isles could, if compelled to do so, feed themselves on the pro ducts of their own land. Whatever the people of Great Bri tain might be able to do toward feed ing themselves by intensive cultivation of their small acres is immaterial, because these acres this year have not been so tilled as to accomplish such a result, and next year it will prob ably be too late. A Nitre Shortage. But even suppose that the people of the British Isles might be able to feed themselves off their own land, there is one essential which they could not supply at home, and without a large supply of which they must in evitably give up the fight, and that is nitre Chile saltpeter which must be brought in ships from South Amer ica. Great Britain, depending upon the mastery of the seas by her navy has not provided means for making nitro compounds from the air, and neither has France nor Italy, although Italy makes a small supply. Germany alone forsaw and prepared in time her own nitro-compounds from the air to supply the needs of all her armies and all her farmers. Without nitre the manufacture of high explosives and gunpowder must stop, and all of the allies' guns on land and sea be made silent. Battles cannot be ugnt without gunpowder and high explosives, and high explosives cannot e made without nitre, and nitre can not be brought overseas without ships Again, fertilizer cannot be made for the land without nitre, any more than gunpowder. Consequently, without nitre the people of the British Isles could not sufficiently fertilize their land for such intensive farming as would be required for their support without the importation of goods. The U-boat sinkings still go on unlesscned more, they are increasing, and there is no immediate prospect of prevent ing them. If they are not prevent ed, however, or at least very much les- 3ened, Germany will win the war. "God," said Napoleon, "fights on the side that has the best artillery." We may hate to think it, yet we must realize the truth that God fights These considerations make God the side partner of the kaiser, and the kaiser is perfectly justified in using the expression, "Me und Gott". It may possibly be a part of God's plan, which is only another name for the law of nature, that we should be made blind to our tjrriblc future in order that the circle marked by heaven may be filled by German domination over us. The Germans have for fifty years not only been obeying the law of na ture, but also taking advantage of and profiting by those laws in every possi ble way, while we, on the other hand, have not only ignored those laws, but have also been trying to reverse them. We have tried to inverl human nn ture tried to convert the vulture into a dove of peace. THE RIOT SITUATION The feeling throughout the Lead Belt regarding the industrial unrest is with each succeeding day, becom ing less tense. There is a well defined reason for this in the growing im pression that both parties to the con troversy are apparently showing a disposition to. recognize some meas ure of blame for the cause which led up to the outbreak. This assures a starting point for an amicable ad justment which we believe can be worked out if both the men and the companies will recognize that both have rights which must be respected nnd carefully considered. It mig'.'.t be argued that the trouble is about all over and that what little remains is gradually wearing itself out. This apparently la true on the surface, but beneath there is room for doubt, and this doubt will remain until some definite understanding is reach ed. The question then arises, how can an adjustment be reached when only one party to the controversy is organ ized ? Who has authority to speak for the men, and after they have spoken what assurance can be given that the agreements reached can be carried out? The only solution of this knotty problem is a community organization, led by men in whom the great major ity of the people have the utmost con fidence, and who would be in a posi tion to guarantee that every interest would get an absolutely square deal. An effort is being made now to work out a plan for an organization of this kind. Whether or not it will be suc cessful is problematical, but at any rate it is worth a trial. Lead Belt (Flat River) News. Chronic Constipation. It is by no means an easy matter to cure this disease, but it can be done in most instances by taking Chamber lain's Tablets and complying with the plain printed directions that accom pany each package. Obtainable ev erywhere. Everything- every week- $1 Plan for Advertising Next Liberty Loan Big Papers Favored A detailed plan for advertising the next issue of Liberty Loan bonds in newspapers and other mediums of publicity to cost from $1,000,000 to $2,000,000, and to be paid for by the government, was presented the other day to Secretary McAdoo by the na tional advertising advisory board, with the recommendation that it bo adopted. On the basis of an expenditure of $1,000,000 the following distribution of the fund was suggested: Daily, month ly and weekly papers, including those printed in foreign languages, $700,0110; farm papers, $1(K",000; small town dailies and weeklies $100,000. The mediums which the board proposes to use are detailed as follows: Newspa pers, magazines, farm papers, busi ness press, painted bulletins, bill boards, street cars, eircularizaticns, house organs and factory bulletins. In commenting up this enterprise. Wright A. Patterson, editor-in-chief of the Western Newspaper lnion, very sensibly says: The national advertising advisory board in proposing to Secretary Mc Adoo that the government spend $1, 000,000 in advertising the next Lib erty Loan would give of this sum to the country daily and weekly press the munificent amount cf $100,000 onu tenth of the total. At the same time it would spend, ac cording to the program submitted, $700,000 with the metropolitan daily, monthly and weekly publications. It would also spend, still according to the program, $100,000 with the farm papers, and another $100,000 for bill board advertising. The proposition, so far as it ap plies to the country daily and weekly press, is an insult to the publishers of these papers. , Threatened Cloture On War Profits Debate Arouses the Senate Washington, Aug. 27. Supporters of the $2,000,000,000 war revenue bill today began the circulation of cloture petitions to restrict debate and bring the measure to an early vote. They needed only sixteen signa tures, but they obtained more than fifty. The circulation of the petitions, however, stirred up a hornet's nest among the "Maximalists" and a bitter debate ensued. At the end of the clash Senator Johnson of California proposed an amendment to levy an additional tax of 73 per cent on war profits, making the total levy 80 per cent. This would yield revenue estimated at from 2 400,000,000 to $3,200,000,0oo for the present fiscal year. The amendment will receive the backing of probably tnirty senators, nut indications are that a majority of the Senators will not support any proposal to take more than 00 per cent of war profits. Southerners Make Protest. The Finance Committee held two meetings during the day in an effort to devise a way of winning back the Democratic insurgents from the Southern States, who are protesting against the prewar basis ot the war profits tax, on the ground that it would ruin Southern cotton milling interests. The committee is practi cally decided to offer some modifi cation of the prewar basis, but to day's meeting failed to bring about an agreement whether to go back to the House plan of excess profit levies, based upon capitalization, or whether to amend the prewar basis to provide a special classification for concerns which had subnormal profits before the war, is the problem the committee is trying to decide. "We are merely trying to devise a way for the real friends of this bill to get together," said Senator Sim mons, chairman of the committee, to night. Postal Rate Raise Debated. The Senate spent the whole day dis cussing the increased postal rates. No action was taken, but a vote on this may be reached before tomorrow night. Senator Harjvick of Georgia opposed the 3-cent first class postage rate on the ground that it would se riously curtail postal revenues, be cause people would conduct their cor respondence by post card instead of letter. There is no increased rate on post cards. Senator Harding of Ohio declared the proposed new war levies on pub lishers were "an outrage" because, he pointed out, they arc already sub ject to all the war taxes. The bill pro posed not only to make a special levy upon publishers' profits but raises the second-class postage rates as will. Borah Assails Cloture Plan. Senator Borah called the Senate's attention to the circulation of the clo ture petition just before recess was taken this evening. Senators John son of California, Kenyon of Iowa, Hoke Smith of Georgia, Shafroth of Colorado, Townsend of Michigan and Lewis of Illinois took part in the heat ed debate which followed. Veiled hints that the supporters of the bill were aiming deliberately to cut off debate before the war profits section could be discusseed were thrown out by Senators Borah, Johnson and Ken yon. The Senators friendly to the bill, however, made it clear that there was no intention of making use of the cloture petition until real evidence of a filibuster developed. "I hope we will so conduct our pro ceedings here that it will not be said the first time the cloture rule was in voked it was for use to cut off dis cussion of the war profits taxes," said Borah. "I wish those who have the cloture petitions in their pockets would pre sent them how, so that it will not be said they were used to prevent the war profits discussion." Senator Lewis, the Democratic whip, assured Borah that the petitions were being circulated now merely for pre sentation in ease a filibuster devel oped. "I understand that the first invoca Stop for a moment and figure It out. There is a total of more than 10,000 country dailies and weekly newspapers in the United States. Di viding $100,000 equally among all of these would mean approximately $6.25 each. It is safe to say, however, that the country daily press would get a larger proportion of the total than ! would go to the country weekly press, and it is doubtful if the weekly papers would get more than an average of i $5.00. Out of this sum would come the usual agent's commissions and the ! cost of preparing plates, and with these deductions the publishers of ! weekly papers would be fortunate if ! they received as much as $3 each, or ; about enough to pay for one column , of advertising at the average price of the country weekly papers. There are something like 500 metro politan papers published in towns j ranging from 75.000 upward. If $200, I 000 of the proposed $700,000 was set aside tor tne national weeKiy anu monthly publications it would still leave approximately $1,000 for each of these metropolitan dailies, and af ter paying commission there would be enough to buy an average of more than two full pages of space in each of these 500 papers at their average rate. If it is advisable for the govern ment to spend sufficient money to pay for two pages of space in the metro politan press at their rates, it is equal ly advisable that the government spend a sufficient sum with the coun try daily and weekly newspapers to buy two pages of space In each of these publications at their rates. It is very evident from the proposal submitted that the national advertising advisory board is not friendly to the country daily and weekly newspapers. tion of the cloture rules would be to cut off war profits debate," asked Sen ator Johnson. "That would be the conclusion if it is withheld for several more days," said Borah. Senator Hoke Smith declared that he had promised to support cloture if it became necessary to stop dilatory tactics, but that he would be opposed lo any curtailment oi legitimate de bate. Senator Townsend of Michi gan declared he was opposed to the bill in its present form, but that it was "an insult to the intelligence and honesty of the Senate" to intimate that cloture was to be used to shut oft war profits discussion. "I want to vote I want this question settled," said Senator Townsend. Kails to Hurry Vote. Borah emphatically denied the op position had any filibustering inten tlOttl, and insisted there had not been five minutes of unnecessary debate on the bill. Senator Hale, Republican, of Maine, and Senator Shafroth, Democrat, of Colorado, undertook the circulation of '.he cloture petition after Senator Simmons had made several ineffectu al attempts to obtain unanimous con sent to vote on the bill next Friday. Senator La Fcllette gave notice ho would object to fixing a voting time and to any curtailment of debate un til the final disposition of the war profits and income taxes. PROPOSALS OF LEAGUE TO ENFORCE PEACE We believe it to be desirable for the United States to join a league of na tions binding the signatories to the following: First: All justiciable questions arising between the signatory powers, not settled by negotiation, shall, sub ject to the limitations of treaties, be submitted to the judicial tribunal for hearing and judgment, both upon the merits and upon any issue as to its jurisdiction of the question. Second: All other questions aris ing between the signatories and not settled by negotiation shall be sub mitted to a council of conciliation for hearing, consideration and recommen dation. Third: The signatory powers shall jointly use forthwith both their eco nomic and military forces against any one cf their number that goes to war, or commits acts of hostility, against another of the signatories before any' question arising shall be submitted as provided in the foregoing. Fourth: Conferences between the signatory powers shall be held from time to time to formulate and codify rules of international law, which, un less some signatory shall signify its dissent within a stated period, shal1 thereafter govern in the decisions of the Judicial Tribunal mentioned in Article One. 'The following interpretation of Ar ticle 3 has been authorized by the Ex ecutive Committee: "The signatory powers shall joint ly employ diplomatic and economic pressure against any one of their number that threatens war against a fellow signatory without having first submitted its dispute for international inquiry, conciliation, arbitration or judcial hearing, and awaited a con clusion, or without having in good faith offered so to submit it. They shall follow this forthwith by the joint use of their military forces against that nation if it actually goes to war, or commits acts of hostility, against another of the signatories be fore any question arising shall be dealt with as provided in the forego ing." Stomach and LWr Troubles. No end of misery and actual Suf fering is Cnilpd hv Wienvloi-e in stomach and liver, and may be avoid ed by the use of Chamberlain's Tab lets. Give them a trial. They only cost a quarter. Obtainable everywhere. I ordmearly For your good, as well as ours, we will hereafter not accept meat orders for delivery after 11 o'clock in the morning and 5 o'clock in the afternoon. You must get your meat orders in early, especially for roasts, else we cannot make the delivery. We appreciate your patronage, and in or der to render to you the best possible service, we are adopting this "better way". Yours to please. Autsen's Meat Market PHONE 53 SO.ME POLITICAL ECONOMY The argument has been advanced that the wealth and resources of the United States are impaired to the ex tent of all the money spent by the government for war purposes. The ar gument is very unsound. There is a sharp contrast between cost to the government and cost to he people of the country. The United States has sold two bil lion dollars worth of Liberty Loan Bonds to the people of the United States and therefore owes two billion dollars more than it did a few months ago. When the money for the bonds has been collected in full and been ex pended in full the matter will stand in this shape: The people of the United States will have loaned to their government two billion dollars in return for which they will have received two billion dollars worth of Liberty Loan Bonds which is as valuable security as the world affords. Moreover they will have in their pockets or their banks the two billion dollars which they loaned their government. The gov ernment will have expended part of this money itself and those European nations engaged in war with Germany, whose obligations our government has purchased with part of the money realized from the sale of Liberty Loan Bonds, will have expended the other part, and all of it will have been spent in America for American products und in payment of American wages. The resources of the nation, its cap ital stock so to speak, will not have been impaired at all. Our farms, our mines, our factories, in fact all of our fixed property and industries will re main intact. Our people will simply have sold some of the annual pro duets of the country, the products of its farms, the products of its mines und the products of its factories. Thus the government will have val ue received for the money it borrowed from the people and the people will have value received for the money they loaned the government and the products they sold their government and the European nations engaged in war with Germany. As Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo has expressed it "All of this financing is largely merely a matter of shifting credits. All of the money will remain in this country and will not involve any loss of gold or any loss of values." Of course the United States is go ing to pay these bonds at maturity and is going to pay interest on them in the meanwhile. It is going to pay part with the money it will later col lect from our debtor European gov ernments -engaged in war with Ger many; it is going to pay part with money raised by taxation. It is go ing to pay them out of the capital of the United States or out of the capital ALWAYS DEPENDABLE MEETS ALL DEMANDS The Hubert Tetley Jemelpy Go (ESTABLISHED 1868) paraiington, Wo. Whatever you may desire in the jewelry, clock, silver fand plated ware line, cut glass and dainty articles, you can find them at Tetleys. Stock always full of the most attrac tive articles. Watches, clocks and jewelry repaired and put in first class condition. of the people of the United States. The money is to come from the annual income and production of the country which now amount to fifty billion. The yearly agricultural production of the United States is more than ten bil lion dollars and the mineral produc tion three billion. The profits of con verting raw material into finished products amount annually to ten bil iion dollars. These are just some of our main sources of annual income. The raising of money by the sale of bonds and the expenditure of that money for purposes of war are not going to injure or destroy the produc tive capacity of our fields, factories or mines. There is waste in war, and a g'eat deal of waste, but war is not all waste. The actual waste in this war may be more than made up by the speeding up of our industries un der the stimulus of the war. There is going to be loss by reason of this war wealth shot away in battle and wealth sunk at sea. And there is going to be loss of some of Americ'i's bravest sons. But the price is one that America is willing to pay, that her fighting men snd her people are willing to pav, for the maintenance of our rights and of our national hon or, the cause of democracy, the pres ervation of liberty and civilization and humanity. The loss caused by war will be small, indeed, compared to th worth of these things, to America and to the world. When Governor Gardner suggested a change in the method of operating the State Penitentiary and the com plete abolition of the contract labor system, many Republicans in the Leg islature and out of it, opposed the change and asserted that it would cost the taxpayers at least a million dollars a year. In this connection the monthly statement of Treasurer Mid dlekamp is interesting. The report discloses that the monthly earnings cf the penitentiary for the month o:' July were $90,786.71 and the dis bursements were $86,502.53, leaving a balance for the month of $4,224.18. All other State funds show healthy balances also. State revenuc,$885, 382.58; State school funds, $2,02-1,-008.11; State road fund, $640,520.40; Capitol building fund, $707,831.17. Democrats of Missouri may well point with pride to the business record of the present administration as evidenced by the splendid financial showing. Ask Anyone Who Has Used It. There are families who always aim to keep a bottle of Chamberlain's Colic and Diarrhoea Remedy in the house for use in case it is needed, and find that it is not only a good invest ment but saves them no end of suf fering. As to its reliability, ask any one who has used it. Obtainable ev-crywhere.