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THE FARMINGTON TIMES, FARMINGTON, MISSOURI. THE FARMINGTON TIMES Published Every Friday A. W. BRADSHAW, Editor Entered as second-class matter at the Postoffice at Farminglon, Mo. Subscription. $1.00 a year, in advance THE NATION S MOTTO: "Save the Waste and Win the War.' THE LAST CALL Since mailing out statements re cently, to all subscribers for The Times, whose subscriptions were in ' arrears, as well as to all those whose subscriptions will expire on October 1st, and calling for advance payment from all those who may desire this paper continued to their address, we have received remittances from many, for which we desire to extend our heartiest thanks. A few errors were made in these statements only a few which were unavoidable, and we are now using every possible precau tion to see that all such errors are corrected, so that if you are paid in advance, yet received a statement, you will now be properly credited. But there are still many in arrears from whom we have not heard as yet. To all such we wish to again say and to insist that their papers will be discontinued on October 1st, pro viding we do not receive their remit tance during the month of Septem ber. We have no desire to appear ar bitrary in this matter. This is a con dition which has been forced upon The Times management by the ex ceedingly high prices we arc now forced to pay for practically every thing that goes into the manufacture of this newspaper. We are putting forth our very best efforts to give Times readers a news paper in every way worthy of sup port. That we are succeecding in this to a satisfactory degree is attested by many of our friends and subscribers. Therefore we feel it is not presuming on our subscribers to ask for sub scriptions in advance, just as most other papers are now doing. Advance payment is necessary, in order to keep The Times subscription business from actually running behind, espec ially while the subscription price re mains at only $1.00 a year. We are desirous of keeping every name on our subscription list that is now there, as well as adding many more. To this end we propose to put forth olir very best efforts, to the end of constantly making im provements in The Times, so long as there is any room for improvement. Will you not help us in the effort, by paying up any delinquency there may be in your subscription, as well as paying $1.00 in addition for another year's subscription to this paper. Al so a good word to a friend, in regard to this paper, may secure a subscrip tion from him, and will be greatly ap preciated by us. Help us in this way, and you will render material aid in assisting us to give you one of the best county papers it is possible to publish. And, finally, please remember that all delinquent subscriptions to this paper that are not attended to by Oct. 1st, next, must be dropped from The Times list. Please attend to such obligation, if your subscription is de linquent, and assist us in meeting the high cost of material, while at the same time keeping the subscription price of this paper down to you. Let us co-operate, one with the other, and in this way get the very beBt results, at the least possible cost. On the second page of this issue of The Times appears an article by Hudson Maxim, who is a member of the Advisory Board of the American Defense Society, under the heading, "America in Graver Danger than Peo ple Believe." Mr. Maxim is in a po sition to know a great deal of the things and conditions of which he writes, and while we feel that he is .somewhat pessimistic in his conclu sions, it may be that many of us, with much less information at hand than is possessed by Mr. Maxim, is inclined to be too optimistic. We should see and know things at their worst if also at their best in war times; hence our reason for publishing this article. Arctic explorer Donald B. McMil lan has returned from several years exploration of the frozen north and reports that Crocker Land, "discover ed" by Perry, is a myth, though was not "Cooked" up by the latter; that) Fu" Te5ilreslden"sn's Noe Rejecting ropeoeneuici areace rians Washington, Aug. 28. Following is the full text of the note in which Pres ident Wilson tells Pope Benedict the United Slates can enter into no peace negotiation! looking toward the res toration of the status quo ante helium, and "it would bo folly to take the path of penes" if it docs not lead to the peal pointed out by his holiness: Hi B Jn acknowledgement of the commun ication of Your HolitWU to the bellig erent peoples, dated August 1, 1917, the President of the United States re quests me to transmit the following reply: Every heart that has not been blind ed and hardened by this terrible war must be touched by this moving ap peal of His Holiness the pope, must feel the dignity and forces of the hu mane and generous motives which prompted it and must fervently wish i hat we might take the path of peace he so persuasively points out. Hut it would be folly to take it if it does not, in fact, lead to the goal he proposes. Our response must be based upon the stern facts and upon nothing else. It is not a mere cessa tion of arms he desires; it is a stable and enduring peace. This agony must not be gone through with again and it must be a matter of very sober judgment that will insure us against it. His Holiness in substance proposes that we return to the status quo ante bellum, and that then there be a gen eral condonation, disarmament and a concert of nations, based upon accep tance of the principle of arbitration, that by a smaller concert freedom of the seas be established, and that the territorial claims .f France and Italy, the perplexing problems of the Balkan States and the restitution of Poland be left to such conciliatory adjust ments as may be possible in the new temper of such a peace, due regard being paid to the aspirations of the peoples whose political fortunes and affiliation! will be involved. It is manifest that no part of this program can be successfully carried out unless the restitution of the status quo ante bellum furnishes a firm and satisfactory basis for it. the Object of this war is to deliver the free peo ples of I he world from the menace and the actu il power of a vast military es tablishment controlled by an irrespon sible government, which, having se cretly planned to dominate the world, proceeded to carry the plan out with out regard either to the sacred obli gations of treaty or the long-estab lished practices and long-cherished principles of international action and honor; which chose its own time for uie war, delivered its blow liereely : and suddenly, stopped at no barrier cither of law or mercy; swept a whole continent witnin tne tide oi blood not tne blood ot soldiers only, nut the . blood of ir locent women and children also, and ot the helpless poor and j now stands balked, but not defeated, tne enemy ot tour-mtlis ot the world. , ment, covenants to set up arbitration This power is not the German people. , in the place cf force, territorial ad It is the ruthless master of the Ger- j justments, reconstitutions of small man people. It is no business of ours ; nations, if made with the German now tr.at great people came under its j control or submitted with temporary ; zest to tne domination ot its purpose;: out ii is our uusmess 10 see 10 it wai the history of the rest of the world; is no longer left to its handling. To deal with such a power by way I of peace upon the plan proposed by i His Holiness, the pope, would, so far as we can see, involve a recuperation of its strength and a renewal of its policy ; would make it necessary to it is only a mirage, though apparent ly so real that it had his party be lieving for four days that it was a beautiful land of forests and moun tains, which disappeared when weath er conditions permitted. We are in favor of bonding the coun ty for good roads for the reasons: first, it is less expensive to the people to have good roads than to have bad ones; second, good roads will cause the immigration to this county of good people; third, a failure to bond at this time will knock the county out of several thousand dollars of federal and state aid for road huilding which we cannot secure by any other meth od than by bonding. HITTING THE SNIPERS In an address at the Union League Club, New York. Elihu Root, who hnd just received a medal from the City of imcw ioi'k ior distinguished valor in the service of his country." naid his respects to the snipers who are en gaged in snooting our soldiers in the back. Mr. Root is not given to violent declamation, as a rule, but some of the things he has seen and heard since his return from Russia must have moved him powerfully. Among other ti.mgs, ne said: "There are men walking about the streets of this city tonight who ought to be taken out at sunrise tomorrow and shot for treason. They are doing their work under false pretense, they are pretending to, be for their country and they are lying in ev ery way and in every word. They are covering themselves with the cloak of pretended Americanism. If we are to be competent and fit for our liberty, we will find them out and get at them. "There are some newspapers published in this city every day the editors of which deserve con- I viction and execution for treas-i on. And sooner or later they will ' get it." Doubtless there are people in ev ery community who are unintention ally spreading treason by loose talk. They are opposed to the war, for one reason or another, and arc being clev create a permanent hostile combina tion of nations against the Germaa people, who are its instruments; and I would result in abandoning the new - born Russia to the intrigue, the mar ifold subtle interferences, and the cer tain counter revolution which would be attempted by all the mailgn inflii-! ences to which the German Govern ment has of late accustomed the world. I Can peace be based upon a restitutio n of its power or upon any word of hoi - or it could pledge in a treaty of act tlement and accommodation? Responsible statesmen must now everywhere see, if they never saw be fore, that no peace can rest securely upon political or economic restriction i meant to benefit some nations and cripple and embarrass others, upon vindictive action of any sort, or any kind of revenge or deliberate injury. The American people have suffered in tolerable wrongs at the hands of the Imperial German Government, but de sire no reprisal upon the German peo ple, who have themselves suffered all things in this war, which they did not choose. Toy believe that peace should rest upon the rights of peoples, not the rights of governments the rights of people! great or small, weak or powerful their EQUAL right to freedom and security and self-government and to a participation upon lair terms in tne economic opportuni ties of the world the German people, of course, included, if they will accept equality and not seek domination. The test, therefore, of every plan of peace is this: Is it based upon the faith of all ihe peoples involved or merely upon the word of an ambitious and intriguing government, on the one hand, and a group of free peoples, on the other? This is a test which goes to the root of the matter; and it is the test which must be applied. The purposes of the United States in this war are known to the whole world to every people to whom the trutn nas neen permitted to come. they do not need to be stated again. We seek no material advantage of any kind. We believe that intolerable wrongs done in this war by the fur ious and brutal power of the Imperial German Government ought to be re paired, but not at the expense of the sovereignty of any people rather a vindication of the sovereignty, both of those that are weak and those that are strong. Punitive damages, the dismemberment of empires, the es tablishment of .selfish and exclusive economic leagues, we deem inexpedi ent and in the end worse than futile, no proper basis for a peace of any kind, least of all for an enduring peace. They must be based upon jus tice and fairness and the common rights of mankind. We cannot take the word of the preseent rulers ot Germany as a guar- antee of anything that is to endu unless explicitly supported by such conclusive evidence of the will and purpose of the German people them selves as the other peoples of the world would be justified in accepting. Without such guarantees, treaties of settlement, agreements for disarma- Government, no man, no nation could now depend on. We must await some new evidence of the purpose of the great peoples of the central powers, God grant it may be given soon and in a way to restore the confidence of all peoples everywhere in the faith of nations and the responsibility of a covenuiueu peace ROBERT LANSING. Secretary of State of the United States of America. erly used by the pro-German propa gandists, the real traitors, to pull their chestnuts out of the fire. To such people Mr. Root's words should come as a warning. He has seen Russia in the throes of rebirth, and is astounded to find on his return the slightest difference of opinion among our people as to the necessity of putting every ounce of strength we possess into the war. He correctly assumes that the time for argument is past end that those who fail to give cordial support to the Government or attempt to under mine the respect due the President are as guilty of treason as those who plot to overthrow the one and dis honor the other. The American people have r.o use for snipers. The kind of patriotism that blows hot one moment and cold the next, the censorious, fault-finding 'hypocritical patriots have no place in tne present crisis, tnose wlio are not working for victory are contribut ing their share to possible defeat. ot. Louis Kepublic. ALL ROADS MUST BE MARKED The State Highway Department, in calling attention to the various pro visions of the new road laws, insists that section 65, page 464, Session Laws 1917, must be complied with by all road overseers in the State. The section referred to is given herewith in full: "Every overseer shell erect and maintain at every road fork or road crossing in his district that would likely mislead, a finger board, containing a legible in scription, directing the way and noting the distance to the next important place on the road, for which he may be allowed not to exceed one dollar, to be paid out of the road fund of the district." There are few counties in Missou ri in which the roads are properly marked, and it would be gratifying to our people to have this county be come one of the first to fully comply with this section of the law. It will be a terrible blow to Senator Jim Reed of Missouri to have to ask Mr. Hoover to pass the biscuits. Evidently Gem Haig believes that all things come to him who waits. provided he keeps moving toward what he has set his heart upon. ' RAILROAD SITUATION IS NOW LARGELY CONGRESS Must Share Responsibility i Him Development. ROBERT S. LOVETT'S VIEWS 'Unification of Regulation Is Essential." A Complete, Harmonious, Consistent and Related System Needed Federal Incorporation of Railroads by Gener al Law Favored. Washington, March 88, Responsibil ity for the railway development of the country, for providing necessary trans porta tlon facilities to care for the grow ing business and population of the country, now rests largely with con gress und not entirely with the rnil road managers. Tills was (he state ment of Judge Robert S. Lovett, chair man of the executive committee of the Union Pacific system,. to the Nowlands Joiut congressional committee when that body resumed its inquiry Into the subject of railroad regulation this week. In making this statement of the changed conditions of the railroad sit uation Judge Lovett undoubtedly had In mind tflo decision of the supremo court on the Adnmson law, handed down last week, which establishes the right of the federal government to lis railroad wages and to prevent strikes. This decision is regarded by railroad men and lawyers as marking un epoch in the development of transportation in the United States. "We have our share of responsibil ity," said Judge Lovett, "but it rests primarily on congress. When, the gov ernment regulates the rates and the financial administration of the rail roads, the borrowing of money and the issuiiuce of securities it relieves the railroad officers of the responsibility of or a small group of individuals all the providing and developing transpurta- I power and energy of the state, tlou systems, except within the limits I T,le founders of the American re of the revenue that can be realized from iPublic' who were in fact lhe fountlers such rates and under such restrictions ! J mcd"n democracy, recognized this "For a country such as ours, for a I Jf1 an,(i Pvul?d ln constitution ooonlo Sitll,,f,l nr., 1,1 !. along with a series of unrelated, in (latent, conflicting statutes enacted liv different states without relation to ident should be commander in chief each other, instead of providing n com- of the army and navy, the supreme plete and carefully studied und pre- j fighting power of the nation. They pared system of regulation for a busl-1 realized that division of authority or ness that is so vital to the life of tlio ' limitations of power in time of war nation. Is worse than folly." I would be dangerous if not fatal, and Be summed up the present problems j tnRy re,ied u!)on the people to check and difficulties of the railroads as fol- 1 an tendency toward a permanent au lowa I tocracy that might arise from the First. The multiplicity of regula. tiuns by the several states wit l respect i to the issue of securities, involving de- 1 lays and conflicting state nolicies iron. I .,riiv ,!,,, j . j, - T , , ;econd.-The state regulation of rates in such a manner ns to unduly I I . . iulc icuiiutM, co uisi riminaie m ra- ; vor of localities and shippers within I its own borders as against localities ! und shippers in other states and to dis- ! turb und disarrange the structure of Interstate rates ' ThirdThe Innhllllv f th l.,t wnoever the commissioners may be, to perform uie vust uuues uevoivmg upon it uu-1 which will make them remember the der existing laws, resulting in delay J time of czarism. We shall be impla whlch should never occur in commer-j cable, because we are convinced that cial matters and compelling the com-; supreme power alone can assure the mlssloners to accept the conclusions of j salvation of the country." That is un thelr emnlovoes ns finnl In ilpelillnir ! questionably the correct position for matters of great importance to the commercial and railroad Interests of the country. Fourth. The practical legality that has been accorded conspiracies to tie up und suspend the operation of the railroads of the country by strikes and violence and the absence of any law to compel the settlement of such dls- j putes by arbitration or other judicial means, as all other issues between citi-1 setti in civilized states nre to be set tled. ''ifth. The phenomenal increase ln Notice to the Public I wish to state, for the benefit of the public, that we are in Farmington to stay in the music busi ness. To anyone contemplating the purchase of a musical instrument we will state that our terms are reasonable and will guarantee you fair treatment. lutism, the autocratic power, that in the taxation of railroads In recent its present hand3 makes Germany v years. continuing menace to the world. No Sixth. The cumulative effect of 1 reliance can be placed upon this pow these conditions upon the iQTOStlilg 1 er. A government that declares a public, to which railroad companies must look for the capital necessary to continue development ! "Wo believe that the unification of j 'Ogulntleu Is essential." said Judge ICoTctf. "and that with the rapid !- j i reuse of stute commissions in recent years congress will in time be com- pelled to exercise its power In the premises. To unify regulation there - -hould be a complete, harmonious, con sistent and related system. We be i ileve the best, if not the only practical plan, Is the federal incorporation of : railroads by general law, which will make Incorporation thereunder com pulsory, thus Imposing on all railroad i companies throughout the x.'niteii States the same corporate powers an'l restrictions with respect to their finan cial operations and the same duties and obligations to the public nud the government. s that every investor will know precisely what every railroad corporation may and may not lawfully do." Judge Lovett contended that the so lution of these problems and difficul ties rested with congress. Ho told the committee that under the constitution the authority of the federal govern ment Is paramount that congress has the power to legislate for a centralized control of railroads under federal char ters and that It only remains for that body to exercise that power. PLAIN TALK I RO.M KERENSK Y Premier Kcrensky boldly took the position, in his address opening the National Confererfce at Moscow, that only by concentrated power exercised with firmness and determination can Russia overcome the foe Without and the foe within and establish such a permanent condition of freedom as the people desire. In this he is in accord with the experiences of all peoples of all ages. A weak government, what ever the principles upon which it is founded, whatever the democracy and humanity of its rule, is peculiarly im potent and ineffective in time of war. No nation can control itself without a responsible head, and in war that con trol and direction must take something of the nature of a dictatorship, con- I centrating within a single individual 1 ".M" "'. '"" ." 1 were cf their liberties, fearful as they I were of autocratic government, they r.pvnrthpless nrnvirlpd thnt the Pres u; n- ul ir."- yf ZTZw.ir. i Z, T, j IV. 'LI " u -7 " uuTl L.--- 2 "il " SKiT " TS. u"L' Try.,Irr "v"IJZ1'.JyT,' i;" j V Kcrensky evidently understands the necessity of the situation and is deter- mined to hold the country in the right i ...ui 1 I- x. I tuui&e m wnucevur nuuius iu nun self- He relies, properly, upon the People for his support, and feeling, or secminK to feel, that the great masses ?re. with. h,i.m- ,he de5e?. the 'epreaenuiuives ui uisuruer aim uissu- jlution. u ei, uiem reinei, oe, ne says, ,T -i. AT 1 ,, T- tfc.t !,. ,u w,i m have to settle with a have in settle with n irnvprnmpnt his emergency, and in so proclaiming Mr. Kercnsky shows himself to be not only a man of courage but a man ot sense. GERMANY'S WAY OUT The one thing that President Wil son insists nnon as an essential nre- liminary to peace negotiations is a! dependable authority in Germany, j That authority must come from the people. He does not demand the de thronement of the kaiser, but he does demand the dethronement of the abso- anad THEO. HODGE MUSIC STORE HARLEY KNOWLES, Salesman. . s-.!omn treaty ..o be a mere scrap oi aper when it stands in the way of its desires cannot be trusted to stick to any agreement it may make. But the breaking of a treaty, even unde such circumstances cf pcrfidity and atrocity as the invasion and ravish mi it or Belgium, might not alone have convinced the world cf the utter un I re itworthineBS of the German govern ment. Treaties have been broken by other nations and new ones afterward marie and respected. It is the un broken record of the repeated viola tion of all the principles upon which honor and decency among men are founded that has put the kaiser's government entirely outside the pal? of humanity's confidence. But the President, as he has r.I ways been, is careful to make a dis tinction between that government and the German people. He would not have the nation damned for the acts of its autocratic leaders. He holds and rightly, that the Germans are re sponsible for these acts only to the extent that they permitted them an supported them, and he would not have their right to a free and national ex istence abrogated or imperiled by things that have beeh done by their dictators, even though they in their blind obedience have contributed to the deeds that have inflamed civilization. Nor would he deny them, as a people, the trust that cannot be given to the kaiser and his crew. If the people cf Germany can find some way to make their power supreme in the land, il they can make their rulers unanswer rble to them that the world can feel that a treaty made with Germany is a treaty made with the nation, then the powers arrayed against Germany will ouickly gather with its represen tatives about the council table for a settlement of the issues of the war. The President and undoubtedly he speaks for all the active enemies of Germany in this matter makes it clear that some such establishment of the popular will must precede any peace proposal that is to be seriously considered. Globe Democrat. GERMANY IS WEAKENING Signs of German weakening multi ply. The promise of reparation to Argentina in the Toro case, coupled with the assurance that the naval forces of the empire have received orders and instructions which will prevent any more "incidents" occur ring to "disturb the friendly relations between Germany and Argentina," contains a dubious apology, but it is an official admission that unrestricted submarine warfare on neutrals is wrong. Policy dictated the note. Germany has nothing to fear in a mil itary way from Argentina in this war. Nor can Argentina be of any assist ance. Considerations of future trade controlled. The admission virtually disposes of the argument of necessity. Every other neutral that has suffered grievously from German submarine warfare has a right to demand the Same trpnfmpnt nrnmicnrl A mJm1 I 7. mmvttvuia. 1 uermany cannot very well refuse to . r, suln uemarms. this means tnalne starving or England is recog- , e,a as an impossibility. inert are internal signs of weaken- "Mt oi purposes, inese will grow, rather than diminish, when the sub- stance of President Wilson's renlv to PonP Ranadtot'a Komcn. i, - .". ' R.""" u ua- is of peace negotiations is laamsd. There is more freedom of discussion in Germany than there has been at any other time since the war began. The dread of annihilation is exercised by Mr. Wilson's note. Hans Dclbrueck is demanding that Chancellor Mi- ehaelis make direct reply to Asquith's r.." i"'' ) V.1IOHI.C11UI a iuyuit,y to tne Reichstag peace resolution is ques tioned. Correspondents in adjacent neutral countries report widespread agitation for the democratization of the empire. Peace advocates in Ger many will find ammunition aplenty in Mr. Wilson's note for democratizing Germany. The business men of Ger many will find comfort in the Presi dent's stand against an economic war after the war. The Reichstag resolu tion can be interpreted to mean, in a general way, what Mr. Wilson says, it having been fashioned so as to bear different Vnnef rnntinno T fof un. the liberal and the business elements' in Germany will find a "Wilson peace" better than anv alternative before them. The junkers have the supreme test of their influence ahead of them. Globe Democrat.