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The Farmington times. (Farmington, St. Francois County, Mo.) 1905-1926, August 31, 1917, Image 4

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Published Every Friday
A. W. BRADSHAW, Editor
Entered as second-class matter at the
Postoffice at Farminglon, Mo.
Subscription. $1.00 a year, in advance
"Save the Waste and Win the War.'
Since mailing out statements re
cently, to all subscribers for The
Times, whose subscriptions were in
' arrears, as well as to all those whose
subscriptions will expire on October
1st, and calling for advance payment
from all those who may desire this
paper continued to their address, we
have received remittances from many,
for which we desire to extend our
heartiest thanks. A few errors were
made in these statements only a
few which were unavoidable, and we
are now using every possible precau
tion to see that all such errors are
corrected, so that if you are paid in
advance, yet received a statement,
you will now be properly credited.
But there are still many in arrears
from whom we have not heard as yet.
To all such we wish to again say
and to insist that their papers will
be discontinued on October 1st, pro
viding we do not receive their remit
tance during the month of Septem
ber. We have no desire to appear ar
bitrary in this matter. This is a con
dition which has been forced upon
The Times management by the ex
ceedingly high prices we arc now
forced to pay for practically every
thing that goes into the manufacture
of this newspaper.
We are putting forth our very best
efforts to give Times readers a news
paper in every way worthy of sup
port. That we are succeecding in this
to a satisfactory degree is attested by
many of our friends and subscribers.
Therefore we feel it is not presuming
on our subscribers to ask for sub
scriptions in advance, just as most
other papers are now doing. Advance
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from actually running behind, espec
ially while the subscription price re
mains at only $1.00 a year.
We are desirous of keeping every
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provements in The Times, so long as
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Will you not help us in the effort, by
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And, finally, please remember that
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linquent, and assist us in meeting the
high cost of material, while at the
same time keeping the subscription
price of this paper down to you. Let
us co-operate, one with the other, and
in this way get the very beBt results,
at the least possible cost.
On the second page of this issue
of The Times appears an article by
Hudson Maxim, who is a member of
the Advisory Board of the American
Defense Society, under the heading,
"America in Graver Danger than Peo
ple Believe." Mr. Maxim is in a po
sition to know a great deal of the
things and conditions of which he
writes, and while we feel that he is
.somewhat pessimistic in his conclu
sions, it may be that many of us, with
much less information at hand than
is possessed by Mr. Maxim, is inclined
to be too optimistic. We should see
and know things at their worst if
also at their best in war times; hence
our reason for publishing this article.
Arctic explorer Donald B. McMil
lan has returned from several years
exploration of the frozen north and
reports that Crocker Land, "discover
ed" by Perry, is a myth, though was
not "Cooked" up by the latter; that)
Fu" Te5ilreslden"sn's Noe
Rejecting ropeoeneuici areace rians
Washington, Aug. 28. Following is
the full text of the note in which Pres
ident Wilson tells Pope Benedict the
United Slates can enter into no peace
negotiation! looking toward the res
toration of the status quo ante helium,
and "it would bo folly to take the
path of penes" if it docs not lead to
the peal pointed out by his holiness:
Jn acknowledgement of the commun
ication of Your HolitWU to the bellig
erent peoples, dated August 1, 1917,
the President of the United States re
quests me to transmit the following
Every heart that has not been blind
ed and hardened by this terrible war
must be touched by this moving ap
peal of His Holiness the pope, must
feel the dignity and forces of the hu
mane and generous motives which
prompted it and must fervently wish
i hat we might take the path of peace
he so persuasively points out.
Hut it would be folly to take it if
it does not, in fact, lead to the goal
he proposes. Our response must be
based upon the stern facts and upon
nothing else. It is not a mere cessa
tion of arms he desires; it is a stable
and enduring peace. This agony must
not be gone through with again and
it must be a matter of very sober
judgment that will insure us against
His Holiness in substance proposes
that we return to the status quo ante
bellum, and that then there be a gen
eral condonation, disarmament and a
concert of nations, based upon accep
tance of the principle of arbitration,
that by a smaller concert freedom of
the seas be established, and that the
territorial claims .f France and Italy,
the perplexing problems of the Balkan
States and the restitution of Poland
be left to such conciliatory adjust
ments as may be possible in the new
temper of such a peace, due regard
being paid to the aspirations of the
peoples whose political fortunes and
affiliation! will be involved.
It is manifest that no part of this
program can be successfully carried
out unless the restitution of the status
quo ante bellum furnishes a firm and
satisfactory basis for it. the Object
of this war is to deliver the free peo
ples of I he world from the menace and
the actu il power of a vast military es
tablishment controlled by an irrespon
sible government, which, having se
cretly planned to dominate the world,
proceeded to carry the plan out with
out regard either to the sacred obli
gations of treaty or the long-estab
lished practices and long-cherished
principles of international action and
honor; which chose its own time for
uie war, delivered its blow liereely :
and suddenly, stopped at no barrier
cither of law or mercy; swept a whole
continent witnin tne tide oi blood
not tne blood ot soldiers only, nut the .
blood of ir locent women and children
also, and ot the helpless poor and j
now stands balked, but not defeated,
tne enemy ot tour-mtlis ot the world. , ment, covenants to set up arbitration
This power is not the German people. , in the place cf force, territorial ad
It is the ruthless master of the Ger- j justments, reconstitutions of small
man people. It is no business of ours ; nations, if made with the German
now tr.at great people came under its j
control or submitted with temporary ;
zest to tne domination ot its purpose;:
out ii is our uusmess 10 see 10 it wai
the history of the rest of the world;
is no longer left to its handling.
To deal with such a power by way I
of peace upon the plan proposed by i
His Holiness, the pope, would, so far
as we can see, involve a recuperation
of its strength and a renewal of its
policy ; would make it necessary to
it is only a mirage, though apparent
ly so real that it had his party be
lieving for four days that it was a
beautiful land of forests and moun
tains, which disappeared when weath
er conditions permitted.
We are in favor of bonding the coun
ty for good roads for the reasons:
first, it is less expensive to the people
to have good roads than to have bad
ones; second, good roads will cause
the immigration to this county of good
people; third, a failure to bond at this
time will knock the county out of
several thousand dollars of federal
and state aid for road huilding which
we cannot secure by any other meth
od than by bonding.
In an address at the Union League
Club, New York. Elihu Root, who hnd
just received a medal from the City of
imcw ioi'k ior distinguished valor in
the service of his country." naid his
respects to the snipers who are en
gaged in snooting our soldiers in the
Mr. Root is not given to violent
declamation, as a rule, but some of the
things he has seen and heard since
his return from Russia must have
moved him powerfully. Among other
ti.mgs, ne said:
"There are men walking about
the streets of this city tonight
who ought to be taken out at
sunrise tomorrow and shot for
treason. They are doing their
work under false pretense, they
are pretending to, be for their
country and they are lying in ev
ery way and in every word. They
are covering themselves with the
cloak of pretended Americanism.
If we are to be competent and fit
for our liberty, we will find them
out and get at them.
"There are some newspapers
published in this city every day
the editors of which deserve con- I
viction and execution for treas-i
on. And sooner or later they will '
get it."
Doubtless there are people in ev
ery community who are unintention
ally spreading treason by loose talk.
They are opposed to the war, for one
reason or another, and arc being clev
create a permanent hostile combina
tion of nations against the Germaa
people, who are its instruments; and I
would result in abandoning the new -
born Russia to the intrigue, the mar
ifold subtle interferences, and the cer
tain counter revolution which would
be attempted by all the mailgn inflii-!
ences to which the German Govern
ment has of late accustomed the world. I
Can peace be based upon a restitutio n
of its power or upon any word of hoi -
or it could pledge in a treaty of act
tlement and accommodation?
Responsible statesmen must now
everywhere see, if they never saw be
fore, that no peace can rest securely
upon political or economic restriction i
meant to benefit some nations and
cripple and embarrass others, upon
vindictive action of any sort, or any
kind of revenge or deliberate injury.
The American people have suffered in
tolerable wrongs at the hands of the
Imperial German Government, but de
sire no reprisal upon the German peo
ple, who have themselves suffered all
things in this war, which they did not
choose. Toy believe that peace should
rest upon the rights of peoples, not
the rights of governments the rights
of people! great or small, weak or
powerful their EQUAL right to
freedom and security and self-government
and to a participation upon
lair terms in tne economic opportuni
ties of the world the German people,
of course, included, if they will accept
equality and not seek domination.
The test, therefore, of every plan of
peace is this: Is it based upon the
faith of all ihe peoples involved or
merely upon the word of an ambitious
and intriguing government, on the
one hand, and a group of free peoples,
on the other? This is a test which
goes to the root of the matter; and it
is the test which must be applied.
The purposes of the United States
in this war are known to the whole
world to every people to whom the
trutn nas neen permitted to come.
they do not need to be stated again.
We seek no material advantage of any
kind. We believe that intolerable
wrongs done in this war by the fur
ious and brutal power of the Imperial
German Government ought to be re
paired, but not at the expense of the
sovereignty of any people rather a
vindication of the sovereignty, both
of those that are weak and those that
are strong. Punitive damages, the
dismemberment of empires, the es
tablishment of .selfish and exclusive
economic leagues, we deem inexpedi
ent and in the end worse than futile,
no proper basis for a peace of any
kind, least of all for an enduring
peace. They must be based upon jus
tice and fairness and the common
rights of mankind.
We cannot take the word of the
preseent rulers ot Germany as a guar-
antee of anything that is to endu
unless explicitly supported by such
conclusive evidence of the will and
purpose of the German people them
selves as the other peoples of the
world would be justified in accepting.
Without such guarantees, treaties of
settlement, agreements for disarma-
Government, no man, no nation could
now depend on. We must await some
new evidence of the purpose of the
great peoples of the central powers,
God grant it may be given soon and
in a way to restore the confidence of
all peoples everywhere in the faith of
nations and the responsibility of a
covenuiueu peace
Secretary of State of the United
States of America.
erly used by the pro-German propa
gandists, the real traitors, to pull
their chestnuts out of the fire.
To such people Mr. Root's words
should come as a warning. He has
seen Russia in the throes of rebirth,
and is astounded to find on his return
the slightest difference of opinion
among our people as to the necessity
of putting every ounce of strength
we possess into the war.
He correctly assumes that the time
for argument is past end that those
who fail to give cordial support to
the Government or attempt to under
mine the respect due the President
are as guilty of treason as those who
plot to overthrow the one and dis
honor the other.
The American people have r.o use
for snipers. The kind of patriotism
that blows hot one moment and cold
the next, the censorious, fault-finding
'hypocritical patriots have no place in
tne present crisis, tnose wlio are
not working for victory are contribut
ing their share to possible defeat.
ot. Louis Kepublic.
The State Highway Department, in
calling attention to the various pro
visions of the new road laws, insists
that section 65, page 464, Session
Laws 1917, must be complied with by
all road overseers in the State. The
section referred to is given herewith
in full:
"Every overseer shell erect and
maintain at every road fork or
road crossing in his district that
would likely mislead, a finger
board, containing a legible in
scription, directing the way and
noting the distance to the next
important place on the road, for
which he may be allowed not to
exceed one dollar, to be paid out
of the road fund of the district."
There are few counties in Missou
ri in which the roads are properly
marked, and it would be gratifying
to our people to have this county be
come one of the first to fully comply
with this section of the law.
It will be a terrible blow to Senator
Jim Reed of Missouri to have to ask
Mr. Hoover to pass the biscuits.
Evidently Gem Haig believes that
all things come to him who waits.
provided he keeps moving toward what
he has set his heart upon.
Must Share Responsibility i
Him Development.
'Unification of Regulation Is Essential."
A Complete, Harmonious, Consistent
and Related System Needed Federal
Incorporation of Railroads by Gener
al Law Favored.
Washington, March 88, Responsibil
ity for the railway development of the
country, for providing necessary trans
porta tlon facilities to care for the grow
ing business and population of the
country, now rests largely with con
gress und not entirely with the rnil
road managers. Tills was (he state
ment of Judge Robert S. Lovett, chair
man of the executive committee of the
Union Pacific system,. to the Nowlands
Joiut congressional committee when
that body resumed its inquiry Into
the subject of railroad regulation this
In making this statement of the
changed conditions of the railroad sit
uation Judge Lovett undoubtedly had
In mind tflo decision of the supremo
court on the Adnmson law, handed
down last week, which establishes the
right of the federal government to lis
railroad wages and to prevent strikes.
This decision is regarded by railroad
men and lawyers as marking un epoch
in the development of transportation
in the United States.
"We have our share of responsibil
ity," said Judge Lovett, "but it rests
primarily on congress. When, the gov
ernment regulates the rates and the
financial administration of the rail
roads, the borrowing of money and the
issuiiuce of securities it relieves the
railroad officers of the responsibility of or a small group of individuals all the
providing and developing transpurta- I power and energy of the state,
tlou systems, except within the limits I T,le founders of the American re
of the revenue that can be realized from iPublic' who were in fact lhe fountlers
such rates and under such restrictions ! J mcd"n democracy, recognized this
"For a country such as ours, for a I Jf1 an,(i Pvul?d ln constitution
ooonlo Sitll,,f,l nr., 1,1 !.
along with a series of unrelated, in
(latent, conflicting
statutes enacted liv
different states without relation to ident should be commander in chief
each other, instead of providing n com- of the army and navy, the supreme
plete and carefully studied und pre- j fighting power of the nation. They
pared system of regulation for a busl-1 realized that division of authority or
ness that is so vital to the life of tlio ' limitations of power in time of war
nation. Is worse than folly." I would be dangerous if not fatal, and
Be summed up the present problems j tnRy re,ied u!)on the people to check
and difficulties of the railroads as fol- 1 an tendency toward a permanent au
lowa I tocracy that might arise from the
First. The multiplicity of regula.
tiuns by the several states wit
l respect i
to the issue of securities, involving de- 1
lays and conflicting state nolicies iron. I
.,riiv ,!,,, j . j,
T , ,
;econd.-The state regulation of
rates in such a manner ns to unduly I
I . .
iulc icuiiutM, co uisi riminaie m ra- ;
vor of localities and shippers within I
its own borders as against localities !
und shippers in other states and to dis- !
turb und disarrange the structure of
Interstate rates '
ThirdThe Innhllllv f th l.,t
the commissioners may be, to perform
uie vust uuues uevoivmg upon it uu-1 which will make them remember the
der existing laws, resulting in delay J time of czarism. We shall be impla
whlch should never occur in commer-j cable, because we are convinced that
cial matters and compelling the com-; supreme power alone can assure the
mlssloners to accept the conclusions of j salvation of the country." That is un
thelr emnlovoes ns finnl In ilpelillnir ! questionably the correct position for
matters of great importance to the
commercial and railroad Interests of
the country.
Fourth. The practical legality that
has been accorded conspiracies to tie
up und suspend the operation of the
railroads of the country by strikes and
violence and the absence of any law
to compel the settlement of such dls- j
putes by arbitration or other judicial
means, as all other issues between citi-1
setti in civilized states nre to be set
tled. ''ifth. The phenomenal increase ln
Notice to the Public
I wish to state, for the benefit of the public, that
we are in Farmington to stay in the music busi
ness. To anyone contemplating the purchase of a
musical instrument we will state that our terms
are reasonable and will guarantee you
fair treatment.
lutism, the autocratic power, that in
the taxation of railroads In recent its present hand3 makes Germany v
years. continuing menace to the world. No
Sixth. The cumulative effect of 1 reliance can be placed upon this pow
these conditions upon the iQTOStlilg 1 er. A government that declares a
public, to which railroad companies
must look for the capital necessary to
continue development
! "Wo believe that the unification of
j 'Ogulntleu Is essential." said Judge
ICoTctf. "and that with the rapid !-
j i reuse of stute commissions in recent
years congress will in time be com-
pelled to exercise its power In the
premises. To unify regulation there
- -hould be a complete, harmonious, con
sistent and related system. We be
i ileve the best, if not the only practical
plan, Is the federal incorporation of
: railroads by general law, which will
make Incorporation thereunder com
pulsory, thus Imposing on all railroad
i companies throughout the x.'niteii
States the same corporate powers an'l
restrictions with respect to their finan
cial operations and the same duties
and obligations to the public nud the
government. s that every investor will
know precisely what every railroad
corporation may and may not lawfully
Judge Lovett contended that the so
lution of these problems and difficul
ties rested with congress. Ho told the
committee that under the constitution
the authority of the federal govern
ment Is paramount that congress has
the power to legislate for a centralized
control of railroads under federal char
ters and that It only remains for that
body to exercise that power.
Premier Kcrensky boldly took the
position, in his address opening the
National Confererfce at Moscow, that
only by concentrated power exercised
with firmness and determination can
Russia overcome the foe Without and
the foe within and establish such a
permanent condition of freedom as the
people desire. In this he is in accord
with the experiences of all peoples of
all ages. A weak government, what
ever the principles upon which it is
founded, whatever the democracy and
humanity of its rule, is peculiarly im
potent and ineffective in time of war.
No nation can control itself without a
responsible head, and in war that con
trol and direction must take something
of the nature of a dictatorship, con-
I centrating within a single individual
1 ".M" "'. '"" ."
1 were cf their liberties, fearful as they
I were of autocratic government, they
r.pvnrthpless nrnvirlpd thnt the Pres
u; n-
ul ir."- yf
ZTZw.ir. i Z, T, j IV.
'LI " u -7 " uuTl L.---
2 "il " SKiT " TS. u"L'
"v"IJZ1'.JyT,' i;" j V
Kcrensky evidently understands the
necessity of the situation and is deter-
mined to hold the country in the right
i ...ui 1 I- x. I
tuui&e m wnucevur nuuius iu nun
self- He relies, properly, upon the
People for his support, and feeling,
or secminK to feel, that the great
masses ?re. with. h,i.m- ,he de5e?. the
'epreaenuiuives ui uisuruer aim uissu-
u ei, uiem reinei, oe, ne says,
,T -i. AT 1 ,, T-
tfc.t !,. ,u w,i m
have to settle with a
have in settle with n irnvprnmpnt
his emergency, and in so proclaiming
Mr. Kercnsky shows himself to be
not only a man of courage but a man
ot sense.
The one thing that President Wil
son insists nnon as an essential nre-
liminary to peace negotiations is a!
dependable authority in Germany, j
That authority must come from the
people. He does not demand the de
thronement of the kaiser, but he does
demand the dethronement of the abso-
. s-.!omn treaty ..o be a mere scrap oi
aper when it stands in the way of
its desires cannot be trusted to stick
to any agreement it may make. But
the breaking of a treaty, even unde
such circumstances cf pcrfidity and
atrocity as the invasion and ravish
mi it or Belgium, might not alone have
convinced the world cf the utter un
I re itworthineBS of the German govern
ment. Treaties have been broken by
other nations and new ones afterward
marie and respected. It is the un
broken record of the repeated viola
tion of all the principles upon which
honor and decency among men are
founded that has put the kaiser's
government entirely outside the pal?
of humanity's confidence.
But the President, as he has r.I
ways been, is careful to make a dis
tinction between that government and
the German people. He would not
have the nation damned for the acts
of its autocratic leaders. He holds
and rightly, that the Germans are re
sponsible for these acts only to the
extent that they permitted them an
supported them, and he would not have
their right to a free and national ex
istence abrogated or imperiled by
things that have beeh done by their
dictators, even though they in their
blind obedience have contributed to the
deeds that have inflamed civilization.
Nor would he deny them, as a people,
the trust that cannot be given to the
kaiser and his crew. If the people cf
Germany can find some way to make
their power supreme in the land, il
they can make their rulers unanswer
rble to them that the world can feel
that a treaty made with Germany is
a treaty made with the nation, then
the powers arrayed against Germany
will ouickly gather with its represen
tatives about the council table for a
settlement of the issues of the war.
The President and undoubtedly he
speaks for all the active enemies of
Germany in this matter makes it
clear that some such establishment of
the popular will must precede any
peace proposal that is to be seriously
considered. Globe Democrat.
Signs of German weakening multi
ply. The promise of reparation to
Argentina in the Toro case, coupled
with the assurance that the naval
forces of the empire have received
orders and instructions which will
prevent any more "incidents" occur
ring to "disturb the friendly relations
between Germany and Argentina,"
contains a dubious apology, but it is
an official admission that unrestricted
submarine warfare on neutrals is
wrong. Policy dictated the note.
Germany has nothing to fear in a mil
itary way from Argentina in this war.
Nor can Argentina be of any assist
ance. Considerations of future trade
controlled. The admission virtually
disposes of the argument of necessity.
Every other neutral that has suffered
grievously from German submarine
warfare has a right to demand the
Same trpnfmpnt nrnmicnrl A mJm1
I 7. mmvttvuia.
1 uermany cannot very well refuse to
. r, suln uemarms. this means
tnalne starving or England is recog-
, e,a as an impossibility.
inert are internal
signs of weaken-
"Mt oi purposes, inese will grow,
rather than diminish, when the sub-
stance of President Wilson's renlv to
PonP Ranadtot'a Komcn. i,
- .". ' R.""" u ua-
is of peace negotiations is laamsd.
There is more freedom of discussion in
Germany than there has been at any
other time since the war began. The
dread of annihilation is exercised by
Mr. Wilson's note. Hans Dclbrueck
is demanding that Chancellor Mi-
ehaelis make direct reply to Asquith's
r.." i"''
) V.1IOHI.C11UI a iuyuit,y to tne
Reichstag peace resolution is ques
tioned. Correspondents in adjacent
neutral countries report widespread
agitation for the democratization of
the empire. Peace advocates in Ger
many will find ammunition aplenty in
Mr. Wilson's note for democratizing
Germany. The business men of Ger
many will find comfort in the Presi
dent's stand against an economic war
after the war. The Reichstag resolu
tion can be interpreted to mean, in a
general way, what Mr. Wilson says, it
having been fashioned so as to bear
different Vnnef rnntinno T fof un.
the liberal and the business elements'
in Germany will find a "Wilson peace"
better than anv alternative before
them. The junkers have the supreme
test of their influence ahead of them.
Globe Democrat.

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