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THE FARMINGTON TIMES, FARMINGTON, MISSOURI.
PAGE FOUR THE FARMINGTON TIMES Published Every Friday A. W. BRADSHAW, Editor EDW. C. BARROI.L. Solicitor. Entered as sccond-clnss matter at the Postofflce at Farmington, Mo. Subscription, $1.00 a year, in advance THE NATION'S MOTTO: "Save the Waste and Win the War.' 100 MANGLED CHII.DUEN A hundred Belgian children were re cently taken across the continent, the last stretch of their journey from Eu rope to a Beleian settlement in Wash ington. The Algona Advance, a small Iowa paper, gives an interview with a young man who inspected the travelers. The children, a hundred of them ranged from babies to 18 or 13 years old, and all but one, a little boy, had been mutiliated by command of Prus sian soldiers. Most of the boys had their hands amputated, "so that they could never fire a gun against the Prussian armies". Many had lost an enr and a number ttieir noses. "And. most horrible of all, some of the little girls had had their breasts cut away, so that they might never be able to suckle a boy who could grow up to be a Belgian soldier and aventre the wroncs of his fatherland." Americans cannot realize the frightful crimes against all civiliza tion being committed by the Prussian armies until they see it with their own eyes. "MEN OF AFFAIRS" The Chicago Tribune of August Kith printed the following editorial: "DIGGING INTO OUR POCKETS "Representative Kitchin announces it will be necessary to add another billion dollars to the pending revenue bill which would send the skyrocket- intr total un to more than 18400,000,' 000.000. He savs the United States will have to spend $14,000,000,000 duriner the fiscal vear, and he calls it 'chicken feed.' He speaks of getting the additional billion as one might sv nlease mil the mustard. One would assume he lights his cigar with voir! certificates. "In discussing war taxation The Tribune does not wish to be under stood as objecting to giving the gov ernment all the money it needs. We think the totals called for are prob ably inflated; we should be surprised jf the appetite for pork had no part in the computations; but that is not the question at issue. "What is vital now are the methods for raising these enormous sums. Mr. Kitchin votes for a revenue measure with his eyes shut but with his mouth open. The country would prefer hav ing him shut his mouth and open his eyes. A little clear vision would en able the majority in Congress to per ceive that their revenue program is radically wrong. "Tax experts are agreed that the nation will have to contribute prac tically all its surplus to finance the war. They are also agreed that as a matter of theory it doesn't make much difference whether this surplus is ob tained by the issuance of bonds or by taxation. But as a matter of prac tice they agree that heavy taxation is unwise. "The psychological effect of taxa tion explains why public borrowing is preferable. If, as Mr. Kitchin says, we are going to spend $14,000,000,000 during the fiscal year, it is obvious that most of the money will have to be borrowed anyway. There is no rhyme or reason in trying to raise an arbitrary 15 or 20 per cent of that amount by taxation. Thare is no pe culiar virtue in a tax total of $2,000, 000,000 or $3,000,000,000. "Men of affairs have informed Con cress thev would stnmort a aaenue bill amounting to $1,25,000,090. It might be possible to add another oJaar tor of a billion dollars to this total without producing an injurious psy chological effect. But who ca&doubt that the proposals of Mr. Kitchin are likely to produce the blackest kind of business depression? "Wise counsels may not prevail in Congress. But elections are'eoming." It first slurs Congressman Kitchin chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, and then proceeds to put up against his judgment the opinion of the "Men of Affairs" (unnamed) who have "informed Congress" that they would "support" a revenue bill of "a billion and a quarter", but who have not agreed to support a bill call ine for two or three billion. In this respect the "men of affairs" differ from the masses the masses will support ANY revenue bill that Con gress passes. The trouble with the "men of affairs" is that hey are not willing to bear their share of the bur den. They want the expenses of the war raised by bond issue so that the debt will extend over generations the poor finally paying it. That, is just what the people ao ui want: Those who make money out of war rontrarts oueht to be willing to con tribute liberally through excess pro- nt taxes ana income wacs. h sol diers give their lives, and the masses give of their savings, why not com pel the "men of affairs" to give a large part of their war pronts ; W. J. BRYAN The soldier bovs who arc leaving today are among those who will make history and insure for all mankind forevermore a lasting and enduring peace. Such assurance is worth an that the war can cost, even though many thousands of lives may be sac rificed. For what nobler cause could one be called from this life than that fos which Uncle Sam has entered the world war? But we are still hopeful that peace will be permanently de clared even before the great army that is now being prepared is ready to sail for France. The strenuous training that the boys are now being put through, or preparing to enter upon, will not hurt them. In fact, it is just what many of them most need. PUNCHY PARAGRAPHS FROM ROOT'S ADDRESS A nation which declares war and goes on discussing whether it ought to have declared war or not is im potent, paralyzed, imbecile, and earns the contempt of mankind, and tho certainty of humiliating defeat and subjection to foreign control. After the decision in favor of war, the country has ranged itself; and the only issue left for the individual citizen is whether he is for or against his country. From that time on ar guments against the war in which the country has engaged are enemy arguments. Anybody who seeks, by argument, or otherwise, to stop the execution of the order sending troops to France and Belgium is simply trying to pre vent the American government from carrying on the war successfully. He is aiding the enemies of his country, and if he understands what he is do ing, he is a traitor at heart. It is beyond doubt that many of the professed pacifists, the opponents of the war after the war has been en tered upon, the men who were trying to stir up resistence to the draft, the men who are inciting strikes in the particular branches of production necessary for the supply of arms and all who continue to associate with them must come under the same con demnation as traitors to their coun try. This war was begun and these crimes against humanity were done because Germany was following the instincts of the arrogant military caste which rules Prussia, to grasp the over-lordship of the civilized world and establish an empire in which she should play the part of ancient Rome. From Elihu Root's re cent Chicago speech. VFTER IIIK WAR? V ! I-- r I i in, hbct k wh ui iiiimbs iu ue:at once: -who said that.' Some edi done after the war but winning the tor, very likely." But the man would war is the thing to consider now. be mistaken. It was not an editor who Stand together and win. Bryan s j declared that newspapers are a part Commonei-. ; 0f the government. It was a taw- . ,.,. .......... ..7.7.. Iyer, and, more than that, a lawyer A BOl NTIFUL HAR EST j who occupied a seat on the bench. The , , sentiment quoted is part of an opin- Each month the government report . ion delivered from the bench by Judge indicates a larger yield of the princi-1 Mayer Sulzberger of Philadelphia. pal grain crops lor wi . in the Sep - iember report the estimated coi n .,. . V-r , - " , - yield is boosted to 3,-'48,000 bushels, a gain of nearly a quarter of a bil-jof lion bushels since August 1. Mis-1 souri and Kansas represent the princi-, K7 J, ' ?v",, "u,el States showing slight losses. Wheat has gradually gone up, as the season advanced, until a total yield considerably in excess af last year, but below the average, is as sured. A bumper crop of oats and satisfactory yields of nearly every thing else are revealed. It was only a few months ago that President Wilson called upon the farmers of the United States to ex ert themselves to the utmost for the relief of suffering humanity. No claim was made that the people of this country were in danger of starv ation, as some critics of the adminis tration have falsely represented, but that a very serious food shortage ex isted in Europe, and to a less extent in this country, there was no. doubt. The American farmer responded to the appeal. The season has been fa vorable and the earth has responded bounteously to the husbandman's toil. It is evident that 1917 is to go down history as a "good crop year" in the United States, and it is certain the news will be received with thanks giving among our allies in Europe. Just what a "good crop year'' in this country means to the territory of which St. Louis is the center may be gained by a glance at some figures for which we are indebted to the cur rent number of the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce Bulletin. We quote1 "Over 75 per cent of the food crop upon which President Wilson has de clared "rests the fate of the war and the fate of the nations" has been or is beine produced in the Mississippi Val ley, of which St. Louis is the largest! city and the great logical central mar ket. "Waving corn fields about the door step of St. Louis are producing 2, 650,000 bushels of corn, or 85 per cent of the United States crop. The valley produced approximately 515,280,000 bushels of wheat, or 76 per cent of the nation's crop for this year. Over 72 per cent of all live stock, 74 per cent of the cattle, 52 per cent of the sheep and 81 per cent of the hogs are rais ed in the valley, which is naturally St, Louis' own trade territory. July quotations say the South will receive $2,000,000,000 for this year's cotton crop. "Surely a special issue of Liberty Bonds might be disposed of in this rich territory, without taxing its resourc es in the least. Republic. The more earnestly we desire peace the more loyally we should support the government as the best way to hasten peace! 1 The best way. Jo keep from saying anything unpatriotic is to avoid thinking anything unpatriotic. The tongue is pretty sure to slip when the heart skids. Watch the heart and the head and the tongue wiO be All right. Bryan's Commoners .' 7 li There are reasons for believing that the latest peace answer is intended largely for the relief of the blind in Germany. MISSION OF A NEWSPAPER Ever since men began to print things that other .people did not like there has been more or less contro versy concerning the function of the newspaper. The grafter has always declared that the newspaper is a pub lic nuisance, the tyrant has contend ed that it is arrayed against the best interests of the State and the man With half-baked theories of life has contended that the press is the agent of the devil in overthrowing the mor als of the community. Despite oppo sition, however, the press has won its way to freedom. Today it occupies an unique position. A very profound ob server, in speaking of newspapers, said: "What do we have the newspapers for ? Why are they granted liberties under the Constitution ? It is because they are needed as, a part of the gov ernment. They are a part of the gov ernment; unrestrained, but valuable and useful for that very reason. A newspaper can print anything, even to erroneous statements. It can print anything except malicious lies. Its function in the government is to in vestigate, to pry into the business of every department of the government, and to criticise wherever it sees fit. "It sometimes makes me out of pa tience with newspapers that all do not realize their function, that they are virtually a part of the government. It is their duty to find out evils wher ever they exist and bring them to the attention of the responsible authori ties. They are the great safeguard against corruption in public office. "And how much better they can do this work than any grand jury! They have their men going about every where, nosing into everything. If there is anyuMng wrong they will bo sure to find it out. Some one will drop a hint.. Then the facts are printed and they go immediately before the administrative officer who is respon sible. "If he does not act the remedy is still in the newspapers. They can bring the matter of the negligence of the public official to the attention of the persons to whom that official is responsible, and lastly they place all the facts before the people, who at anytime can regulate anything under our form of government. "No, I am not one who believes that the function of the grand jury has passed away. I have the greatest faith in the value of a good grand jury. But it is not the function of a grand jury to investigate and criti cise purely administrative matters. It vill have all it can do to consider cas es of crime brought heofre it." The man who does not agree with tbpen pnt impute will vprv liU-plv cav .. . -J Tf 1 So far as we now recali Sulzberger was me nrst judge to gn'e judicial standing to the newspaper as a part the government. The Philadelphia jurist simply discovered a fact that naa beerf conceded by the general pub- lie in this country for many years. People who are inclined to disagree with the opinion that the newspapers are a part of the government should try to conjure up a vision of a repub lic in which there are no newspapers. If good government is impossible without newspapers, then newspapers are a part of good government. Pub lishers Auxiliary. m OBJECTORS TO DRAFT TO DIG ARMY GRAVES Washington, September 17. The War Department has found a use for the conscientious objectors caught in the army draft. They will be the army's "grave diggers." They will be attached to the armies in field, but will take no part in the actual fighting. Instead, theirs will be the grim business of cleaning up the bat tlefields after the fighting and of burying the dead. They will also be employed in minor labors about the camps. A name has been devised for the grave-digging corps. It will be known as the "mercy squadron." It will sound much better in future gen erations, the War Department be lieves, to say that one's forbear was in the "mercy squadron" than that he was a grave digger. In the task of cleaning up the bat tlefields much valuable equipment is recovered. This wfll be one of the "mercy squadron's" tasks. The squadron also will be used in constructing rear lines. Persons who object to fighting on the ground of a well-defined religious belief were exempted from the draft, those who object to fighting on other grounds. LICENSED TO MARRY Sept. 6, Thomas Kolal and Marie Magura of Bonne Terre. Sept. 8, John Jose of Flat River and Cordelia Adams of Esther. Sept. 8, Samuel Crawford and Louise Krunninger of Doe Run. Sept. 8, Edgar F. Walker and Dora E. Gasser of Flat River. Sept. 13, Philip Pelick and Anna Brindozia of Bonne Terre. Sept. 15, W. F. Oder of Farming ton and Clara C. Bobs of Knob Lick Route 1. Sept. 15, William Sweeney and Gladys Midgett of Mine La Motte. Sept. 18, Ed Sirclum and Pearl Urn fleet of Mine La Motte. Sept. 18, Oscar James and Elk Rat ley of Elvins. Sept. 17, Charles Sensigras of Leadwood and Edna Boyle of Silver Springs. Sept, 20, Edward H. Hove of Riv er Range, Michigan, and Mary E. Jones of Farmington Route 6. One can hardly blame the little hands of devoted canners throughout the land for talking about the fruits of victory. ' Chancellor Michaehs is playing camouilage with Oermanvs war plane. Houck Road to Be Rehabilitated As The Times goes to press we are informed that work of improving the Houck railroad into Farmington will begin at once, and that when spring opens the work of graveling the rail road will commence. While we are unable, at this time, to get further particulars of the rehabilitation of this road, it seems to be apparent, from what we have heard, that a de cision has been reached by Mr. Houck and associates to build up this road and put it in the running, which en terprise will meet with hearty ap proval and support here. This is one of the improvements that the recent ly organized Commercial Club has had its attention called to. New Order of Things Reports from Farmington indicate that there is a new order of things at Hospital No. 4. The first thing Dr. Eaton did. upon assuming charge, was to order more and better food for thei patients. The public will heartily commend that act. What if it docs cost more? The great State of Mis souri has no desire to practice econ omy at the expense of that great num ber of unfortunates. We do know that the new system will cost 'more. It may be that the business ability of Dr. Eaton will cut the cost; but there is not a humane citizen in Missouri who will object to spending a few thousand dollars additional to bring an additional degree of happiness to the hundreds of patients under Dr. Eaton's charge. Fredericktown Dem ocrat-News, i AID GIVEN ALLIES CAN'T BE CALLED CHARITY, U. S. RED CROSS LEADER SAYS Paris, September 17. The Anglo American Press Association gave a "Red Cross" luncheon today with lead ing representatives ot the American r rench and British Ked Lross as guests. In response to a toast, Maj. Gray son M. P. Murphy, head of the Amer ican Red Cross Commission to Eu rope, said it should not be forgotten that "in this great catastrophe the Your neighbor is buy ing his harness from LUEDERS Why don't YOU? Hayberry, Byington & Tullock supreme function of the Red Cross is to help in every way possible to win the war." "For three years our allies have fought our fight," said Maj. Murphy, "and it is only a pitiable, contempti ble mind that would construe aid of this kind as charity." Maj. Murphy pointed out that it will be some time yet before the American troops are ready for their $1.00 Pays for The Times a Whole Year! Just think of getting as large a paper as this, with the great amount of reading matter and in these days of soaring prices for only $1.00. Really it does not seem possible, does it? But under our recently adopted "cash in ad vance" system, we hope to be able to hold the sub scription price of The Times down to the exceed ingly low price of $1.00. Under the old plan our subscription depart ment was running behind, but under the new plan we hope to eliminate the previous shortage, and at least cause the subscription department to "break even". But had the old plan been continued, of letting subscribers pay whenever they pleased, throughout the year, it would have been necessary to have raised the subscription price to at least $1.50, by which plan the good subscribers would have paid for the bad ones. By looking carefully after every paper that is sent out, and by seeing that it is paid for before it leaves this office, we hope to be able to keep the subscription price of The Times down to the mini mum, even before the advent of present soaring prices. Subscribe now and get all the news that's fit to print. A. W. BRADSHAW, Editor and Publisher. THE NEXT TIME THE COAL QUESTION EN TERS YOUR MIND just call us up and say: "A ton of your good coal, please." That settles the matter satisfactorily and instantly. When our wagon calls with a load of our fine coal full weight your coal trou bles will be over for all time. Our phone number is 123. share in the conflict. "In the meantime," he added, "it is the plain duty as well as the privi lege of every American organization to do all it can to help the gallant na tions to which our people owe so much. We are in France, not to create an ob ligation, but to endeavor to pay back some part of the debt which began to accumulate when our country was in its birth throes."