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The Farmington times. (Farmington, St. Francois County, Mo.) 1905-1926, March 29, 1918, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89066996/1918-03-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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Four men, including a Catholic
priest, were tarred and feathered by
a mob of 300 men and boys at Chris
topher, 111., last night for remarks
that offended the Americans of the
town. Christopher is a town of about
8,000 population, 100 miles south of
bt. LiOUIS.
The priest who was tarred was
Rev. John Kovalsky, pastor of a Pol
ish church. He was given a trial in
the main street of the town, found
guilty, tarred, made to wave and kiss
the American nag, and assert nis loy
When the mob had finished Father
Kovalsky mounted a barrel and de
clared: "You have given me just
what I needed. I had no business say
ing the things I did.
Father Kovalsky had eluded the
mob until 12:15 a. m. He Was not at
home when the mob visited his home
earlier in tho night, having hidden
elsewhere when he completed the ser
vices in his church.
When the mob returned he had arm
ed himself with a shotgun. A 16-year-old
boy gained entrance to the
house, sneaked up behind the priest,
who "was sitting in a chair with the
gun across his knees, and disarmed
him. The boy then threw open the
door to the mob.
Father Kovalsky was taken to the
main street and there witnesses told
of remarks they had heard him make
against the government and President
Wilson- Meanwhile, members of the
mob were reheating the tar that had
been used on the other three men,
earlier in the night, and which had
grown ecld.
When the mob pronounced Father
Kovalsky guilty, after giving him op
portunity to deny the statements of
witnesses, the priest was led to an al
ley about forty feet off the main
His shirt was stripped from his
back. Tar was applied to the upper
portion of his body with paddles, and
a pillow case full of feathers shaken
over him. He then was made to pa
rade up and down the main street at
the head of the mob, and carrying an
American flag.
The tarring party was the out
growth of citizens' indignation at the
light fine assessed against a grocer
at his trial on a charge of making
disloyal remarks. The - trial tool;
place during the afternoon.
Theodore Kunger, the grocer, who
had been placed in jail in default of
payment of his $100 fine, was taken
from the jail and tarred. The crowd
sawed a lock from the rear door of
the jail and one from the cell in which
Kunger was confined.
Kunger's arrest followed remarks
in his storo when a woman complained
at having to buy wheat substitutes
with wheat flour. Kunger said to
her, she said: "Don't blame,me, blame
that Wilson."
Kunger was led from the jail to
the heated tar, and tarred and feath
ered. He then was compelled to head
the procession, shouting his allegiance
and carrying a flag wmcn ne had Deen
made to kiss.
Kunger was placed back in jail by
the mob. Early today he paid his
fine and costs, amounting to $110.25,
and was released.
It was said today that Mrs. Kunger
stood by and watched her husband
tarred, without making a protest.
W. R. Jones, a lawyer of Benton,
111., seven miles from Christopher,
who had defended Kunger at his trial,
had heard the murmurs and departed
for home. He was overtaken a few
miles from Christopher and brought
back and made to parade with the
mob and perform acts of loyalty. He
was not tarred.
The crowd next sought Henry Ten
brook and Herman Wcclcr and learn
ed they were in a clubroom downtown.
Tenbrook and Weeler fled to the roof
of the building in which the clubroom
was, an"4 hid behind a chimney. A
member of the mob pointed his finger
at them and they came from their
hiding places. They were given a
coat of tar and feathers and made to
walk in the same fashion as Kunger.
They were made to shout, "Hurrah
for Wilson, to hell with the Kaiser."
Road drag inspectors, acting under
the direction of the State Highway
Board, will report counties where in
tercounty seat roads are not properly
dragged. In many counties the high
way hoards allow road drag funds to
accumulate end no effort is made to
put the roads in proper condition after
each rain. The law provides $15 per
mile per year to drag or otherwise
improve the 11,300 miles of inter
county seat highways in Missouri.
Because of the scarcity of farm help,
and the pressing need of teams for
agricultural work, it is difficult for
county highway boards to contract
with parties who will not sacrifice
the roads for their own personal ben
efit. Many road overseers in the
Stat also proceed on the theory that
they are to do road work only when
the weather conditions are unfavor
able for farm work or crops are laid
by. If the roads in your section are
not properly dragged you should noti
fy the State Highway Board and an
inspector will see that the condition
is corrected.
It's a real annoyance for a stranger
to try to follow an improperly marked
public highway. The law requires
road overseers to construct sign
boards, giving directions and dis
tances, at all crossings. This pro
vision of the law is ignored in many
sections of the State, according to a
report made pubile by the State High
way Department, and all road over
seers in this county are urged to com
ply with the law. , ..;
Special correspondents, by the way,
have almost beaten the railroad to
it a conspicuous failures in this war.
Estimated War Tax Hits
The Rich Very Hard
Collector William H. Edwards of
the Second, or Wall Street, revenue of
fice, commented yesterday upon the
estimated taxes of America's richest
individuals, pointing out that, right
or wrong, the estimates should dispel
any idea that the rich were not bear
ing their share in the war.
It has been estimated that John D.
Rockefeller would be called on to pay
a tax of about $38,400,000 this year,
based on an income of $60,000,000. It
had been figured, also, that Henry C.
Frick was Mr. Rockefeller's closest
rival, who would pay a tax approxi
mately $7,100,000. The 29 wealthiest
individuals after Mr. Rockefeller
would pay taxes, it is estimated, ag
gregating $86,100,000.
"While these estimates were not
given out by this officer," said Col
lector Edwards, "I think the showing
made is of a character to dispel the
erroneous idea that the rich are not
called upon to bear their share of the
war's financial burdens.
"In this connection it should be
borne in mind that all incomes of $2,
000,000 or more must pay a surtax
of 63 per cent. In addition there are
Rockefeller, J. D
Frick, H. C
Carnegie, Andrew
Bakeer, George F
Rockefellere, Milliam
Harkness, Edward S
Armour, J. Ogden
Ford, Henry
Vanderbilt, W. K
Green, Edward H. R
Harriman, Mrs. E. H
Astor, Vincent
Stillman, James
Ryan, Thomas F
Guggenheim, Daniel
Schwab, Charles M
Morgan, J. P.
Sage, Mrs. Russell
McCormick, C. II
Widener, Joseph
James, Arthur C
Brady, Nicholas F.
Schiff, Jacob H
Duke, James B ".
Eastman, George
du Pont, Pierre S
Swift, Louis S '.
Rosenwald, Julius
Lewis, Mrs. Lawrence
Phipps, Henry
The operation of the income tax as
well as the excess profits tax has
come as a big surprise to many, es
pecially to the men whose incomes
were increased by war activities last
year, une or tho most notaoie exam
ples was cited yesterday by Collector
Edwards. It was a case where a man
who made $100,000 last year was
obliged to turn over to the Govern
ment in taxes $63,000. "When this
By A. L Foard, Coanty Agent. ,
Boys' and Girls' Club Movement.
A large number of boys and girls
over the county are going into one or
more of the Boys' and Girls' clubs
which are now open for membership.
Already enrollment has been made in
the calf club, pig club, poultry club,
corn club and garden club. The pig
club seems to be the most popular of
all. There will likely be 150 or 200
join the pig club alone.
Poultry Flock Demonstrations.
Mr. Townslcy, of the Agricultural
College, spent a day in the county
last week with the County Agent in
the interest of poultry improvement.
Demonstrations in poultry husbandry
have been taken up with Mr. W. E.
Matkin's flock and the flock belonging
to Hospital No. 4.
Mr. Townsley will visit these flocks
from time to time during the year.
Visitors will be invited in at these oc
casions and a demonstration in some
line of poultry husbandry will be
made. One of the interesting fea
tures will be a hen culling demonstra-
tion late in the season when the poor
layers will be culled. Definite records
will be kept with these flocks showing
the exact profits at the end of the
Joint Worm Investigation.
The County Agent discovered last
fall in some of the wheat stubble of
this county a bad infestation of joint
worm. This is a bad pest in the
wheat Mr. A. F. Sattorthevoit, the
government field entomologist, located
at Charleston, Mo., has been engaged
to assist in outlining some method of
control of this pest. Mr. Satterthe
voit is working with the County Agent
this week on this matter.
Farm Bureau Saved one Man $125.
Chas. J. Belken, of Mine La Motte,
informed the County Agent one day
last week that he had saved him $125
by informing Mr. Belken of a place
where he could buy 100 bushel of
cowpeas $1.26 cheaper per bushel than
where he had intended to buy. A
great deal of assistance has been ren
dered the farmers this spring in lo
cating seeds and spray materials. .
Linn Clardy Gives Wheat a Top
Linn Clardy began Monday an ap
plication of acid phosphate as a top
dressing on his wheat. This is a
splendid practice and is to be highly
Seed Corn. ;
The County Agent had' an oppor
tunity last wek to see the seed corn
of Mr. J. S. West which tested above
95 per cent strong germination. This
corn was field selected last fall and
stored in racks in an outbuilding. Mr.
West has tested each ear he intends
to plant and has discarded all except
those testing 1UU per cent. The tests
run at the Farm Bureau office have
shown a few farmers to have some
good seed com. while the majority
have a poor quality. We are in a po
sition now to teH farmers where they
can get good seed in the county.
Loughboro Farmers' Club Meets.
Thirty farmers attended the meet
ing of the Loughboro Farmers' Club
normal taxes and the excess profits
tax. Few of the richest men will have
to pay an excess profits tax, as their
incomes are derived from securities,
the taxes on which are paid by the
corporations. While, as I have said,
the list shown to me cannot be consid
ered official, there is no law against
estimating an individual's wealth."
Three women figure in the list of
the thirty wealthiest Americans.
They are Mrs. E. H. Harriman, with
nn estimated in come of $4,000,000;
Mrs. Russell Sage, $3,000,000, and
Mrs. Lawrence Lewis, $2,500,000.
The list of the thirty wealthiest
Americans with their estimated in
comes and accruing incomel taxes
could not be verified as to amounts
at either Collector Edwards' or Col-
lector Eisner's office. Collector Ed
wards said all income tax transac
tions were held strictly confidential
by the Government. While express
ing no opinion as to tho correctness of
the figures as put before him, the
Collector was not inclined to regard
the estimate as fantastic. Incomes
and taxes payable of these thirty per
sons, as estimated, are as follows:
Estimated Income Tax
Yearly Based on This
... 5,000,000
man got through paying his taxes he
had only $37,000 left out of his $100,
000," the Collector said.
Practically all the persons named
in the above list draw incomes from
corporations whose offices are locat
ed in Collector Edward's district, and
nearly all live in that part of Man
hattan included in the Third Internal
Revenue District, of which Mark Eis
ner is collector.
last Thursday night. The County
Agent and his assistant attended the
meeting. They discussed the ,new or
ganization plan of the Farm Bureau
and the poor conditions of seed corn
throughout the county, explaining
common methods of testing.
Soil Tests.
The County Agent tested three dif
ferent types of soil on the farm of
Mr. J. B. West of Loughboro commun
ity. Only one of these showed much
acidity and it was white buck-shot
soil. A ton of lime to the acre would
benefit this soil a great deal. The
ridge land and well drained bottom
lend showed very slight acidity.
Information for Gardeners.
(A) No home garden should be
raised except by labor of the family
for the use of the family; in other
words, a home garden with hired la
bor is not advocated. The hired la
bor should ba released to engage in
general farming to add to the food
stores of the Nation.
(B) Garden seed, especially of
certain important standard crops,
such as beans and peas, must be con
served and not wasted.
(C) Good soil, sunlight, and air
are necessary for goqd gardens. It is
a waste of seed and labor to plant on
land not suited or where shaded a
large part of the day.
(D) In small backyard gardens,
plant only those crops which produce
large quantities on limited area, such
as string beans, tomatoes, lima beans,
beets or onions. Corn, peas, potatoes,
and other such crops require more
space than is needed for the other
Every home in the land has been
affected by the requirements of war.
In every community tho customary
methods of action and control must
be reorganized. New and far-reaching
measures of collective effort have
had to bo adopted suddenly. Welfare
agencies and institutions that before
were over-loaded, are now struggling
with the additional burden of these
baffling problems. The home casual
ty list, consisting of children neglect
ed and gone astray; homes broken
under the strain of war; sickness and
poverty grown apace are some of the
problems that must be studied if the
home lines are held.
Preparation to receive the handi
capped returned soldier must be made.
What of the day of reconstruction?
Are the nine-tenths of us who must
remain at home doing our utmost,
and doing it intelligently? Problems
of the reconstruction period will be
discussed at the National Conference
of Social Work which will be held in
Kansas City May 15-22.
Despondency Due to Constipation.
Women often become nervous and
despondent. When this is due to con
stipation it is easily corrected by tak
ing an occasional dose of Chamber
lain's Tablets. These Tablets are easy
to take and pleasant in effect. Ob
tainable every. - (adv.)
Things change so fast in Russia
that it takes a snanshotskv ta anaO
Trotsky.. .. - ..
I in tl
. 2-2 Mllion Families I
cn H
in the United 5
: cup
cud corn
2 Ubleepoon shortening
S.ve eujyof tb. measured flour for board. Pour milk ov corn meal, add hortentag tnd Jt WJM
cold, add sifted flour and baking powder. Roll out lightly on floured board. Cut with biscuit cutter and
bake in greased pan fifteen to twenty minutes.
New Red, White and Blue booklet, "Best War Time Recipes," containing many other
recipes for making delicious and wholesome wheat saving foods, mailed free.
DR. PRICE'S CREAM BAKING POWDER, 1011 Independence Boulevard, Clicap
Weekly War
England and Italy Reduce Shoe Prices
by Standardization.
There has already been a drop in
the prices charged by retailers for
footwear in England in view of the
Government's action in placing on the
market standardized shoes made at
controlled rates of profit, according
to a report to the United States De
partment of Commerce.
At a recent exhibition of "war
time" boots 39 samples were shown,
ranging from heavy boots for cart
ers and laborers to shoes for ordinary
Prices range from $2.06 to $6.38 a
pair. The shoes are made entirely
of leather and the retailer's price is
stamped on the sole. -"
Italian shoe factories are manufac
turing standardized shoes, using
leather furnished by the Government,
which controls the system of sales to
the public
In England the manufacture of
standard cloth for men's suits has
made rapid progress, 24 patterns be
ing included in the first goods shown.
As now planned, provision is made
for 750,000 to 1,0000,00 suits ready
for delivery from June to August. The
project may later include production
of certain classes of cloth for wo
men's wear, with a gradually widen
ing range of production under Gov
ernment standardization.
Agricultural Department Shows
Rang of War Emergency
Of the total of nearly $20,000,000
asked for war emergency activities
by the Department of Agriculture it
is proposed to use $8,000,000 for the
purchase and sale of seed to farmers
for cash at cost;$6,100,000 for the
development of the co-operative ag
ricultural extension work in co-operation
with the State agricultural col
leges; $1,369,655 for combating ani
mal diseases, stimulating the produc
tion of live stock, and encouraging
the conservation and utilization of
meat, poultry, dairy and other ani
mal products; $911,300 for the pre
vention, control, and eradication of
insects and plant diseases, and the
conservation and utilization of plant
products, $2,368,958 for extending and
enlargingthc Market News Service of
the Bureau of Markets, preventing
waste of food3 in storage, in transit
or held for sale, giving advice con
cerning the market movement or dis
tribution of perishable products, mak
ing inspections and certifications re
garding the condition of perishable
agricultural products, and gathering
information in connection with the
demand for and the production, sup
ply, distribution, and utilization of
food; and $1,080,980 for dealing with
the farm labor problem, enlarging the
informational work of the department,
printing and distributing emergency
leaflets, posters, and other publica
tions, and extending the work of the
Bureau of Chemistry, the Bureau of
Entomology, and the Bureau of Bio
logical Survey.
Only 8.18 Per Cent of Men Called
Fail to Appear.
Of the 3,082,949 persons called un
der the selective service act, 252,294,
or 8.18 per cent, failed to appear for
examination, according to a state
ment issued by the Provost Marshal
General. This number, however, in
cluded men, who had previously en
listed Or been commissioned and had
failed to notify their boards, some
who had died, and many who were
transferred to other boards but by
mistake had been carried on the books
of their local boards estimated at
100,000. ...
Many of (the remaining 150,000
were aliens, a number of whom left
the country to enlist in their own arm
ies. The statement estimates the number
of real "slackers" at not more than
50,000, or an average of less than 10
for each local board.
Public Health Service Studies Means
to Check Disease Near Army Camps.
An investigation for the purpose of
improving methods for prevention and
control of communicable diseases, es
pecially near, amy camps, is being
made by the United States Public
Health Service. The work will re
late largely to the standardization
and preparation of serums. '
The first serum to be studied will be
that used in cerebrospinal meningi
tis, which has lately been prevalent in
camps. . ":'':,
Russian DerelopssepU Worry Editor
If each family used 4 cups of flour less per week, the saving
would ba 22 million pounds or 112,244 barrels every week.
The greatest help housekeepers can give to win the war is to
make this saving and it can be done by using this recipe in
place of white flour bread.
Corn Meal Biscuits
scalded milk
teaspoon salt
1 cup white flour
4 teupoon Dr.
News Digest.
of German Newspaper.
Translations of editorial comment in
the German press, made public by the
Committee on Public Information, in
clude the following from the Berliner
"The terms of the ultimatum to
Russia will please even the most un
relenting advocates of violence. It
would be interesting to hear Hert
ling, who accepted Wilson's second
principle that people are not to be
bartered about from sovereign to sov
ereign, explain just what differences
exist between the political methods of
the past and those of today. It may
be conceded that today the German
Reichstag is informed of coming
changes, but not until the matter has
been settled without it. We all hope
this policy will bring peace and pros
perity, but we cannot conceal our anx
iety at the birth of these new States."
Vast Amount of Food Goes to Allied
Countries from United States.
Statistics compiled by the Food
Administration show that the grand
total of all food exported to the four
allies the United Kingdom, France,
Italy and Russia from July 1, 1914,
to January 1, 1918, would furnish
complete yearly rations for 67,100,
933 adult persons, with a surplus of
protein capable of supplying this por
tion of the diet for 22,194,570 addition
al men.
Since the beginning of the war the
United States has averaged to supply
the allies with food enough each year
to support 16,314,552 persons, and
with an excess of both protein and
fats sufficient for several millions
The total exports of wheat and
wheat flour to the three principal al
lies, Russia getting but a very small
per cent of the whole, were equivalent
to about 384,000,000 bushels, or an av
erage of about 110,000,000 bushels a
year. Of this total amount the United
Kingdom got 145,348,000 bushels of
wheat and 8,512,000 barrels of wheat
flour; France got 79,798,000 bushels
of wheat and 5,462,000 barrels of
wheat flour; Italy 87,136,000 bushels
of wheat and 1,895,000 barrels of
wheat flour. Rusfcia received only
130,000 bushels of wheat and 25,000
barrels of wheat flour.
The total exports of pork products
were nearly 2,000,000,000 pounds, a
yearly average of about 570,000,000
pounds. The total sugar exports- were
over 2,209,000,000 pounds, a yearly
average of about 648.000,000. Of
corn there was exported 23,332,000
bushels; oats, 207,981,000; rye, 3,.
Report Shows Increase in Wages Paid
to Iron and Steel Workers.
A report to the Department of La
bor covering the six departments of
the iron and steel industry shows
that, while not so pronounced as the
rise in prices, wages increased, since
May, 1915, as follows: In blast fur
naces, 52 per cent; in Bessemer con
verters, 58 per cent; in open-hearth
furnaces, 36 per cent; in bloominge
mills, 35 per cent; in plate mills, 50
per cent; in sheet mills, ifo per cent.
In nearly every case the bureau found
men working approximately the same
number of hours per week as in 1915.
Since this report was compiled tljcre
have been additional increases of ap
proximately 16 per cent.
No Need for Agents in Placing Claims
for War Risk Insurance.
Soldiers, sailors or thoir beneficiar
ies under the soldiers and sailors' in
surance law need not employ attor
neys or claim agents to collect the in
surance, according to the Treasury
Department. Circulars have lately
been sent out by claim agents and at
torneys offering to assist persons en
titled to the benefits of this insurance
in collecting their claims.
The procedure for the presentation
and collection of insurance claims is
simple. Blanks may be secured from
the Bureau of War-Risk Insurance at
Washington. The name of the per-
on m service wno was Killed or in
jured, and the relationship which he
bore to the person making the claim,
should be given.
War Trade Board Finds German Sub
marines Directed at Neutrals.
Germany's war leaders are using
the submarine to prevent fulfillment
of America's agreement to feed and
relieve European; neutrals, according
to a statement tty tna war Trade
Price's Baking Powder
Board. It says:
"A mass of cumulative evidence
and indications in the possession of
the War Trade Board shows that
Germany is employing the submarine
menace to prevent neighbor neutrals
receiving any food or favors at the
hands of the United States and its as
sociates in the war, and to coerce
these neutrals through starvation and
political and economical dependence
upon Germany, quite as much as to
strike at the communications of its.
opponents Germany's ostensible aim
in proclaiming the ruthless submarine
"Further indications tend to show
that these submarines are being used
along similar dog-in-the-manger lines,,
to destroy neutral shipping without
regard to its employment"
Increase of Meat Animals in Year
Over 6,000,000.
Reports based on figures from the
Department of Agriculture show that
January 1, 1918, the number of meat
animals in the United States was.
greater by more than 6,000,000 head
than it was January 1, 1917. The num
ber of inspections for slaughter indi
cate a decrease in consumption.
The summary shows the total num
ber of cattle in the United States
January 1, 1918, was 66,830,000, an
increase of 1,247,000 head over the
same day the year before. Hogs in
creased 3,781,000 head, or 6.7 per cent.
The increase in sheep was 1,284,000, or
2.7 per cent.
Post Office Department Gives Form of
Address for Oversea Mail.
Persons who send mail to members
of the Expeditionary forces are par
ticularly requested, in a statement is
sued by the Post Office Department,,
to use ink only in writing the address
es. Every piece of mail matter should
also bear the name and address of the
Heavy paper, canvas or cloth should
be used for wrapping packages. When
canvas or cloth is used the address
should be written on a shipping tag,
with the name and address of the
sender on the reverse side.
Given names should be written in
full, instead of initials. The title of
the addressee and the full name of the
unit or organization to which he is as
signed should be added, it being suf
ficient in tho way of further address
to use the words "American Expedi
tionary Forces."
The good farmer's mtfiqns about
pigs are constantly enlarging.
If the hens contributed as much as
they cackle we mighty have two fried
eggs for breakfast now and then.
Try It!
A medicine which has
given satisfaction to its
users for over 40 years,
as Cardui has, must be a
good medicine. If you
suffer from female
troubles, and need a reli
able, strengthening tonic,
of real medicinal value,
as proven by the experi
ence of thousands of
women users,
The Woman's Tonic
Mrs. d S. Budd, of
Covins, Calif., in writing
of her experience with
Cardui, says: "I took a
bottle at 13 yearsold, and
it cured my headaches.
I have taken It since mar
riage, and received much
help from it. Cardui is
the best medicine I ever
took . . . It was the only
medicine . . . that helped
, my back ..." Try Cardui.
AO Druggists

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