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THE FARMINGTON TIMES. FARMINGTON, MISSOURI. i j. j ; 111 S St 4 .1 V;- If it-' WAR AWAKENS THE OZARKS Because men are fighting to death in Flanders fields, a long dreamed of industrial awakening has come to the Ozark Mountains in Southern Missou ri. From the famous Iron Mountain dis trict in Southeast Missouri, for which the Iron Mountain railroad is named, to the great lead and zinc district around Joplin, the awakening has come. Regions long known only for scenic lovliness are pock-marked with iron, lead and zinc mines and prosnwt - borings, and giant smokestacks are rising in valleys still the haunts of wild deer and wild turkeys, where "hickory root" plows are still in use. In Carter, Shannon, Howell, Ore gon, Wright and Webster counties, heretofore little known tor ore pro duction, the long-neglccted treasure of the everlasting hills is being yielded up for the service of Uncle bam. Oddly enough, the greatest of these developments has come here in Carter county, the most baekwoodsy of all Missouri counties, with less taxable wealth, less population, fewer schools and less tillable land than any other county m the .State. Here in a moun tain-locked valley of surpassing scenic beauty the Midcontinent Iron Com pany is spending close to two million dollars on an industrial plant of such importance that Secretary Wm. U McAdoo is expected to visit shortly Twenty smokestacks, ranging from i4 feet to Md leet in height stretch their necks in vain efforts to peer over the higher hills surrounding them, one of the largest charcoal blast fur naces in America and two "stoves" as tall as 6-story buildings have been erected, a railroad equipped with standard locomotives and other standard rolling stock has been built and those of the natives who cannot be induced to work stand and watch with awe the operations of a steam shovel built exactly like a British tank, which can go up and down the rocky hills, over stumps and through streams on its own power and scoop up tons of the ore-bearing "dirt" at one mouthful. Kansas City men largely are re sponsible for these important develop ments. F. D. Larabee of Kansas City is president of the company, Erwin H. Busiek of Kansas City is general man ager and J. O'Conner is construction foreman, and it is largely due to their efforts that in less than four months of actual construction work the plant has grown to its present productions. They have put seven hundred men to work in mining, building and timber felling operations and would employ several hundred more lumbermen if they could get them. With timbers from their own sawmill they have built a town for their employees, in cluding a hotel, a barber shop and a general store. Neither the employees nor the oc cupants of those "business buildings" pay rente), but the latter must give good service to the former or out they go. There is no "company tore." The employees are paid in cash and may spend their earnings in the nearby town of Fremont if they yrfSSSfeltflei I G 6 JI 1 rliili ill iL S- S- Ss Pfe j!i7 Hi , is ! till wz rr , .... : " : : : : The universal popularity of Bevo made it necessary tlie largest of its character iri the.' acres. A basement 30 feet h tenirei I two million bottles daily, equal to 140 prefer. Every day the timber from eight acre3 of the heavily wooded hills will be converted by a battery of sixteen retorts into wood alcohol, acetate of lime and charcoal, the latter being fuel for the blast furnace. Charcoal iron is superior to coke iron, and sells for about $7 a ton more, but compara tively liUlo of it is made, as in most districts the price of charcoal is pro hibitive. This company, however, has control of two hundred thousand acres of timbered land in Shannon and Car ter counties, and, besides clearing the land and mining the iron, will leave the region in vastly better shape for cultivation. A similar project is under way in Howell and Oregon counties, where a sixomillion dollar corporation, head ed by W. R. Haight of Brandsville, is operating. This company has bought the Great Carson mine, from which more than three hundred thousand tons of iron have already been taken and which still appears to be a solid hill of iron ore, and twenty other iron properties, some of which, geologists say, will equal or surpass the Carson mine. A $200,000 , charcoal blast furnace has been bought and will be set up between West Plains and Brandsville, and wood alcohol, acetate of lime and charcoal iron will be manufactured. It is asserted that the ore from twenty deposits assayed averaged 57 per cent iron. Valuable deposits of pyrites of iron also have been found in Howell county, and large quantities are be ing mined at the Morrison mine near West Plains. Zinc also is being mined there, and what appeared to be a paying face of lead was struck by prospectors near West Plains last week. Wright and Webster counties are as much excited over lead and zinc as Howell, Oregon, Shannon and Carter counties are over iron. Last fall J. R. Sandage, a Joplin mining engineer, was sent out to prospect for lead and zinc near Mansfield. He came back with samples of ore which assayed 36 per cent and the Joplin men would not believe him. They went back with him and took witnesses who saw that he was lowered into hole after hole and chipped samples from the solid rock with a hammer. Those samples were assayed and showed 38 per cent ore. Then a race to secure leases began. Twenty-fve thousand acres of land in Wright and Webster counties now are under lease, ten prospect drills are in operation, the Red Bird mill is operating to its capacity, 150 tons a day, the Pioneer mil) is being rushed to completion and two other mills have been contracted for, to be com pleted this summer. In the Big Jim mine a sheet of zinc eighty-five feet wide and ten to twelve feet thick has been struck, on one of the Illmo prop erties a 30-foot face of lead has been found, and in a dozen other borings the mine run assay shows 12 per cent ore, in veins unusually large. The mine run ore of many paying mines assays only 3 1-2 to 6 per cent. Another important war development of the Ozarks is the heavily increased THE HOME ANHEUSER-BUSCH, ST.LOUIS. cutting of railroad ties. Just as Bir nam Wood once went to Dunnsiance to presage the downfall of a tyrant and a murderer, the Ozark forests are going to France to be used by Ameri can engineers and as supports in dug outs and trenches. Timber grows very slowly on the rocky hills and when it is seasoned there is no tougher wood in this coun try than the whiteoak of Southern Missouri. And if the war lasts much longer the changes in the Ozarks will be almost as startling as those in Flanders fields. Kaunas City Star. Give to the Red Cross ANSWERING COUNTRY'S CALL Missouri boys are answering the call of their country and the navy with renewed enthusiasm this spring, and more than half of the applicants at the Navy Recruiting Station for a large part of Missouri, with head quarters in St. Louis, are from the farms and smaller cities. - "It is remarkable," said Lieut. F. M. Willson, Commanding Officer, "that so many young men from the country, especially in the Middle West, should seek service on the sea. It must be the glamour of tho adventure the Na val service offers." There is adventure in plenty for tho men in the navy. A Missouri lad who enlisted at the St. Louis office about a year ago, passed through the city last week and related his experi ences on one of the convoys that was with the Finland at the time she was torpedoed. "There were 24 of us on guard," he said, "keeping a sharp lookout for submarines. The guns were fully manned and ready for action at a sec ond's notice. We are especially alert when traversing the 150 miles on con voy duty. I was stationed up in the crow's nest, and was thinking life was pretty dull until someone sighted a periscope. "Thero was enough excitement for anybody as soon as the danger sig nal sounded, and the guns began to bark almost immediately. Presently, I couldn't say how long in minutes or seconds, our wireless caught the warning Bignal from one of them and we knew that a torpedo had been fired. AH eyes were strainc on the water to catch its wake. I can tell you I was excited when I saw it coming straight at us, and I felt relieved when our ship was veered around suddenly 'and I saw tho thing that was heaving the water would miss us. "The torpedo carried far enough, however, to strike the Finland and tear a big hole in her. Our guns con tinued in action and made it so hot for the U-boat that she sank and did not try a second attack.. The . Finand got to port under her own steam, and the sailors were hailed as heroes. I'd willingly go through the same expe rience every trip in order to be fed and made over as we were there. No thing was too good for us." The office at St. Louis enrolled more than 600 men from May 1 to May 15. An average of about 25 a day came in from postmasters. Postmasters are authorized to arrange for railroad tickets for applicants who can pass a OF preliminary examination. Considering that the smaller cities are competing with the combined pop ulations of East St. Louis, 111., and St. Louis, the record made is all the more creditable. - 1 Lieut. Willson received a letter from an 18-year old boy in Scopus, Mo., the other day, asking if he could get in the navy in any capacity. The boy stated that he had an artificial foot, but thought he might be a barber or something. "Do your best to find me a place where I can be of service," the letter concluded. ' "Such spirit as this," Lieut Will son said, indicating the letter, "will make it impossible for America ever to be defeated." Give to the Red Cross ARE YOU A WORTH-WHILE MAN No insults, mind you, but we are just wondering if you will measure up to the standardized worth-while man as decided by the University of Cin cinnati co-eds at a meeting of the Literary Society. Here are the stipulations as adopted by these fair collegians: The worth-while man is vigorous and manly physically and careful of the details of his appearance. He has a sense of humor. He is courteous to every one. He is thoughtful of other people. He is tactful. His education is sufficiently broad to enable him to appreciate the finer things of culture. He enjoys sports. He can appreciate the. fireside. He is ambitious for worth-while things. He has an aim in life. He has religious faith. He has courage, strength of pur pose and self-control. The Roller Monthly. Give to the Red Cross WHAT TO LEARN Learn to laugh. A guuu taugh is better than medicine. Learn to tend Btrictly to your own business a very important point. Learn the art of saying kind and en couraging things, especially to the young. Learn to avoid all Ill-natured re marks and everything calculated ,to create friction. Learn to keep your troubles to yourself. The world is too busy to care for your ills and sorrows. Learn to stop grumbling. If you cannot see any good in this world keep the bad to yourself. Learn to hide your aches and pains under a pleasant smile. No one cares whether you have the earache, head ache or rheumatism. Learn to greet your friends with a smile. They carry too many frowns in their own hearts to be bothered with any of yours. Christian Life. Give to the Red Cross Money talks, and money invested in Liberty Bonds actually shouts so loud you can hear it "over there." If the war would be run by elo quence and the like probably Mr. Wil son would be using more lawyers and fewer steel and iron men. car loads, on why better roads immediately: This question as to the feasibility of continuing road construction and re pair . throughout the country arose soon i after the entry of the United States into the great war. The argu ment was that to do this would re quire a large amount of energy that might be more profitably, employed towards what appeared from a hasty study of the situation, more direct prosecution of the war. Munitions were needed in heretofore unheard of! quantities ana extensive lactones were required to be built for those purposes. 1 Shipyards were sadly lack ing in which to construct the vitally needed ships for carrying to Europe the tonnage of material consumed daily. Camps and cantonments ap proximating cities in size had to be built in record time for the housing and training of the armies. There is then little wonder that the roads, which seemed of more minor import ance, were forgotten and left neglect ed in the mad rush. Other things also banded together to stop or at least reduce road work. The supply of labor was drained to the very bottom in all lines of secondary effort by the pressing need in the con struction work immediately concerned with preparations for war. This left existing road contracts unfinished and prevented new ones from being un dertaken. Many contractors entered into munition plant construction or operation and devoted their entire ef forts and organizations to aiding the Government, sometimes dropping road work for this purpose. The constant ly increasing cost of materials and la bor for road construction induced many communities to delay the let ting of contracts until a more propi tious time. ,Meanwhile, there is a sentiment that the public in general should submit for a few years to the discomfort of bad roads until such time arives. Some road officials have to a great extent the impression that they are patriotically sacrificing con struction work in order that other im portant preparations may go forward unhindered. The developments during the past winter and spring have undoubtedly proven that roads are a vital neces sity in the general preparation for war, and have shown the error of neg lecting the highways. During the congestion of traffic on the railroads early in the fall, many industries were forced to begin the transportation of a part of their more necessary materials by means of au to trucks in order to maintain a suf ficient supply of materials. As con ditions grew worse and finally cul minated in a workless week and a se ries of workless Mondays, manufac turers and dealers concentrated their efforts upon obtaining even the vital necessities for their operations by the use of the highways and roads. In fact, for a time a portion of the sup ply of coal and food for the public depended upon truck haul. At first the use of trucks was lim ited to comparatively short hauls, but this has developed so rapidly that to erect this sV IV an eight hour day basis. truck trains are in constant service on long hauls between the Middle West cities and the Atlantic Coast. ' Now it is not unusual to see a truck train consisting of from a small number up to fifty or sixty trucks en route load ed with materials formerly hauled, on ly by the railroads. The large vol ume of freight hauled by this method has already served to materially re lieve the strain on railroad traffic and is daily growing in volume. At the same time .the short hauls from dis tributing centers are largely being made by trucks, 'thus freeing much railroad equipment from this service to that of through freight hauls. This extended use of trucks has brought a greater strain on he road system in the more heavily traveled sections of the country than they con successfully withstand.- The transi tion of the kind of traffic using the highways has been so rapid, that ev en before the war road building activ ities and types of construction had not kept pace with the change. Be fore the automobile became so popu lar, the problem of building a road surface that would easily carry the slow-moving horse-drawn vehicle was a comparatively simple one. Fast moving light pleasure automobiles in troduced more difficulty, but this was practically solved when the trucks be gan to bring in fresh complexities. While the light trucks of one and two tons capacity did not materially ef fect the road surface built to with stand the abrasive action of the light er cars, the recent advent of the very heavy trucks has shown that more substantial roads must be built and kept in good repair. This has been clearly and forcibly demonstrated by the extra heavy traf fic of the past winter and spring. Hard surfaced roads that went into the win ter in excellent shape have been brok en through and cut up so badjy that they are scarcely passable. Truck traffic which is so necessary in helping to relieve the burden upon the rail roads, and to speed up war prepara tions, has been meeting with difficul ties almost insurmountable on ac count of the counditions of the roads. Ofttimes a whole train of trucks is held up for hours and even days by being stuck or by breakage caused by bad roads. While an individual case may not appear serious, it fre quently happens that the building of a necessary plant is delayed our the' output of some plant is curtailed, awaiting the arrival of material that is on some truck stuck in the road a few miles away. This is the answer to "Why better roads immediately?" especially those main trunk highways which must car ry the" heaviest traffic should be re built immediately. Give to the Red Crosa Be an owner of Liberty Bonds in order to avoid wearing slavery bonds. Give to the Red Crosa German-American is self contradic tory. Translated, it is "enemy-American." - Give to the Red Crosa If the Republicans can stand Sen ator Sherman of Illinois, there is no reason for Democrats to worry. building 8 14T.