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THE FARMINGTON TIMES. FARMINGTON. MISSOURI. U. S. WILL BE ASKED TO JOIN AN ABSOLUTE BOYCOTT OF GERMANY London, July 1. "America is to be asked to join an absolute economic boycott of Germany," Hav?lock Wil son, originator of the most complete and universal boycott yet suggested, told Universal Service today. "We shall send delegates to the United States in August, hoping to gain full support of all Americans in realization of Germany's U-boat crimes. "It will bo a boycott to the utmost without stint and without limit. "It will bo America's opportunity to avenge the ravages on merchant shipping along hr coast, whore wo men and children were turned adrift in open boats." Havclock Wilson, a keen-visaged, middle-aged sea dog himself, means what he cays. More than that, as president of the British Sailors and Seamei's Union, ho has 250,000 vehe ment voices behind him, recently en forced by 300,000 British deck work ers wlio havo themselves declared in favor of the boycott to the limit. Speaks for Seamen. As president of the International Federation of Seamen, recently organ 1 ized at Copenhagen, he speaks for the seamen of Norway, Sweden, Den mark and Holland, who, likewise, have accepted the boycott. Wilson also di rects the Merchant Seamen's Leagu, comprising nenseafaring men in both allied and neutral countries, demand ing the boycott. Wilson, who as a rigger, helped build the Brooklyn Bridge, and later worked in Philadelphia and Baltimore, explained the boycott. British, French, Italian and the sympathetic neutral seamen will refuse to sad on any ship with a German, will refuse to transport German goods, will re fuse to coal German ship3, will re fuse to carry any wares into a Ger man port and refuse to permit the un loading of any neutral ship carrying Gormen cargo. Austria will receive the same treatment. "Hundreds of American unions and business men's clubs have joined the league and indorsed the boycott, said Wilson. "We arc not asking the help of governments or politicians. We claim that if this boycott cannot be main tained by the people themselves it is no use wasting time in troubling the governments about doing it. We would consider ourselves incompetent if we could not arouse public opinion in all countries to carry this through." In Force After the War. Wilson explained that the boycott, first determined upon by the British seamen last July when it was to te enforced two years after peace, wiil continue at least five years and eight months. Additional lima penalties have been added for new U-boat crimes, each new act of barbarism being penalized by the addition of one month to the boycott. a n-.;n emni-tinff f mm ruLL'nt eiil.m.iHnp r.-ivatrcs and Shelling oi open boats," said Wilson, "now knows why we British desire some punish ment for Germany's submarine crimes. As a practical seaman I do not be lieve U-boat activity in American wa ters will become serious, because the menace will be effectively coped with by the United States. "We look upon it as one of these 'death and glory" strokes of Germany. There is nothing we seamen resent more than breaking international law or its usages. We don't mind n scrap. In fact, British seamen glory to take part in one, but we do detest men who strike below the belt. "All sorts and conditions of people, from the highest to the loweet, are supporting the league. Our most de termined supporters are British wo men." WHAT WOULD YOU DO? A county assessor asked the Stale Tax Commission why he should be ex pected to assess property at full vahu. "First, because the assessor's offi cial oath says, 'I solemnly swear that I will assess all property at what I believe to be its actual value.' (Sec. 113.44, R. S. Mo. 1900.) No one can qualify to be an assessor until he has taken that oath. Would you take that oath and then violate it?" "Second, because the law confers power to assess in these words: Th3 assessor shall value and asses all the property on his books at its true val ue in money.' (Sec. 11384, R. S. Mo. 1909.) All other laws touching the subject are in accord with this. No power is conferred except to assess at full value." "Third, because when the assessor's book is completed, the law requires him to take another oath saying: 'I have assessed all taxable property at its true value in money as required by law.' If you are assessor would you value property one way and then take, subscribe to and tile an oath that you had done it another way?" "Fourth, each member of the State Tax Commission is required by law to QUi on nath that 'Vip will CAIlse all the laws of the State pertaining to pub lic revenue to be enforced.' One of these laws is, 'All taxable property ctkoll Ka aaaaeeoA in npftnrrlfinra With the letter and plain provisions of tne law.' The Commission's oath and the people's law are officially on tile in the office of the Secretary of State." "If you were assessor, or commis sioner, under above circumstances, wtrm.M vMt nHooi-va imiir nat.h And the law, or would you pussy-foot, for fear of displeasing someone wno wants nis nMnnrfv rtvoi-lnnkerl . or linH Pf-V III - ued?" The people of all centuries know tnat "No guilty man e'er felt the halter draw With good opinion of the law." ' "Is not honesty the best policy entirely regardless of the action tak en by others whether officers or cit izens?". ' . Norwegians ere conducting an in- vestigation to find out wnetner sounds : .MAinmiiv tia Burnrt tinnanllR. BR h&8 been reported. Though Norwegians - . . . 1 l nave Kept out oi tne war, wicy are m- OUR NATION AT WAR LEARNING LIBERALITY God's chosen child in the family hood of nations is now receiving its baptism of fire and blood. It is no sign of the Divine displeasure when person or nation is called to pass through the crux, for "Whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom He rcceiv eth.". The fire beneath the crucible destroys only the dross the gold comes forth refined to the ultimute. Like Phoenix, without the smeli of fire upon her garments, Columbia comes from the flame endowed with new life and loveliness. Before this tiger-strife shall cease few will be the American households having no representative in "our far-flung battle lines." It is expect ed that beside many an ingla wiil be a vacant chair, casting its shadow over the hearth and heart. We must face the future with stout hearts, worthy the tradition of our elders. The casualty list enlarging must not move us to the gross error of premature peace. For this our enemy works and hopes. We speak "by the book" when we call this nation "God's chosen child." For a time like this we were born and nurtured by the hand of unerring Providence. Our soil responds to the hand of husbandry with prodigal yield, our varied climate making pos sible a variety of crops unknown to other nations: and locked in the soil beneath our feet a mineral weulth making a meagre mite the fabled wealth of Ormus and of Ind. But these alone do not make a na tion great and strong. Material wealth, hired and used by material istic mimlcd men is a bane, not a blessing. Our strength and boast is in the character of our citizenry and the concept of our government. It was not an utterance of sordid souls when our forebears, exercising "decent regards for the opinions of all mankind," gave voice in that immortal document to the "self-evident" principle that "all men are created e(ual and by their Creator endowed with certain inalie.iaule rights, among which are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." To gain for themselves these rights they shed their blood in a crimson flood, and victory purchased with many a scar. To give these same blessings to the world wo are now pouring out our blood and treasure on foreign battle fields. This war then, did not generate generosity in us it was inherent in a people whose national genesis was the birth of freedom and equality. Perhaps when nature poured in cur lap from the cornucopia of hor riches a wealth "beyond the fondest dreams of avarice," some of us had grown opulent, gross and grasping, but this war has proven that such were indi vidual faults, while the heart of the nation at large was as true to its primitive principles as is the needle to tho pcle. But the war is changing even thoso selfish 30uls, and the calls of the Red Cross, Y. M. V. A. and Sal vation Army for funds for war work are cutting the purse strings of the most penurious till soon will be ful filled the prophecy one made months ago that "Soon your wealth will e the cheapest thing you own." For this and else this war win re in part a blessing. We will come therefrom with still greater altruism! in aim and aspiration. Sordidness and selfishness cannot live in on atmo sphere of self-sacrifice, and while our sona nre offering their lives on the battlefbldc of Europe the most mis erable miser hasn't the temerity "o hoard at home. Selfishness has unfounded every ra tion of time. It was- "the ancient traitor" and will be the Judas who sends the nations of now and the fu ture down to dust. "Voices are crying from the dust of Tyre, From Karnak and the stones of Babylon; 'We raised our pillars upon self-desire. And perished from the large gaze of the sun'. A grandeur looked down from the Pyramid; A glory came on Greece, a light on Rome, But in them all the ancient traitor hid, And so they passed like momentary foam. v There was no substance in their soar ing hopes: The voice of Thebes is but a desert cry: A spider bars the road with fiiir.y rones. Where once the fact of Carthage thundered by. A bittern cries, where once Queen Di do laughed, A thistle nods where once the forum poured, A lizzard lifts and listens on a shaft, Where once of old the Coliseum roored. It is a vision, waiting and aware, And you must draw it down, oh men of worth, i Draw down the New Republic, heid in the air, And make for it foundations p.i the earth." I see our nation after this war en joying a better as well as a never freedom, emancipated from the sin of selfishness,-rising from the mire and muck of slavery to greed into th? liberty of the Sons of God who hold by surest tenure thoso things which tho rust of time never tarnishes find on which Eternity places tho value in estimable. The best things in life are not measured by material scalar and yard sticks. Dexter Statesman. American aviator who fell 2,000 feet sustained only a few bruises. Mo wonder the tired Germans come in and surrender. Herr Hindenburg has typhoid f ov er. It is heartening, but we trust the Allies will make it even warmer for him in the' new drive, - y .- With butter at $9 a pound in Tur key, we can imagine they have to keep it so long before making: a sale that even a Turk would think twice before Weekly War Immense Stores Needed to Feed Men on Transports. An account of how soldiers are fed at sea is given in the daily newspaper published on a transport: "Outside of providing 210,000 meals at sea, the mess officer of the ship has very little to do. Very little. "He is only called upon to provide, by the regulations, 180 different va rietics of food. That's all. Ever try to order 180 different things to eat? Yet this is the authentic list. "The food needed to feed several thousand men at sea .ranges beyond the glutton's dreams. 1 You get the answer in tho ship down below the water line, where 7,290 loaves of bread have been baked in one day, and where you stumble over every va riety, from 60,000 pounds of beef to 132,000 eggs, or a compartment of brick ice cream in a 10-degree-above-zero vault. , "And if this doesn't suit, yon ciin bump along into 49,324 pounds of po tatoes, 7,100 pounds of ham and bacon, 7,800 pounds of butter, 9,200 pounds of sugar, and 61,500 pounds of flour. If you can t get a meal out of this you can still fall back on 4,600 pounds of sausage, 3,400 pounds of sauer kraut, 26,000 pounds of apples, 19, 800 pounds of oranges, and 4,200 pounds of onions. And this leaves out 1,1)00 pounds of jam and 9,400 pounds of lima and navy beans." Money Instead of Merchandise Should Be Sent to Soldiers. The original order that the approv al of a regimental or higher com mander was necessary before pack ages might be sent to members of the expeditionary forces has been modi fied so officers with the rank of major and higher may approve shipments. The approval of a company command er is not sufficient. The question of the shipment of parcels to France first came to the at tention of the War Department when the commanding general of the ex peditionary forces cabled that conges tion of such articles had reached such a point that French railroads were un able to handle the load. A board ap pointed by the Secretary of War and the Postmaster General examined 5,000 sacks of parcel post mail, and found that the articles being sent net only, in the main, were absolutely un necessary, but undesirable. The in vestigation showed that the amount, of such mail had reached a total of 500,000 pounds a week, and was stead ily increasing. Relatives and friends, according to a recent statement by the War De partment, will find they often can do a greater service to soldiers by sending them money for tho purchase of ar ticles in France than by forwarding the articles. Tobacco is now being supplied as part of the Army rations, and merchandise of nearly all kinds may now be purchased in . France through the huge general store estab lished by the Quartermaster Corps at lower prices than charged by retailers: here. Army Medical Department Declares War on Flies and Mosquitoes. Special attention is being given by the Medical Department of the Army in all camps to cleaning up spots where mosquitoes and flics breed. In some cases it has been necessary to dig channels in streams, drain swamps and put in elaborate ditching systems to. clean up stagnant pools and streams. In cases where it has been impossible or impracticable to drain swamps and do similar work, theic has been installed a system for keep ing slow-moving streams and still bodies of water covered with oil. At ell points within the camp where there is the slightest possibility for mo squitoes or flies breeding daily spray ing of oil is done. Arrangements have been compjetei with the Federal Public Health Ser vice to carry out a similar program ir the territories adjacent to the camps. The Health service has agreed to fill bogs, open streams, and drain swamps and continue the oil spraying for a distance of one mile around each camp. Special precautions have been taken to prevent the spread of disease by flies. Instructions were given on the disposal of materials that were likely to become breeding spots. Arrange ments were made to protect all food from flies. With this end in view, all buildings in which food is prepared or stored were screened. Entrances to the buildings have been vcstibuled. An average of 6,000 flytraps have been placed in each camp. More than 22,700,000 square feet of screening has been placed in all camps. Dental Ccrps of Army Can Take Care of 5,000,000 Men. The dental requirements of an army of more than 5,000,000 men can now be met by tho present force of the Den tal Corp3 of tho United States Army. examinations nave been closed and no further additions will be made to the corps for some time. The number of dental officers has expanded since war was declared from 58 to 5,810. Commissions wero offered to - 5,467 dentists in all parts of tho country, Registered Hereford Bulls for Sale A large number of high-class animals to select from, 6 to,18 months old. , : , ' Prices $100.00 and upl i Farm 1 miles south of town. C. J. WESTMEYER, Route t Farmington, Mo. ' News Digest and all but 271 were accepted. The average number of tooth fill ings in the Army ranges from 225,000 to 250,000 a month. Special dental infirmaries have been established in the camps and cantonments, to which newly inducted soldiers are sent for examination shortly after arrival in the camps. A school for dental instruction has been established, where 85 officers are assigned each month to take the 2 months' course. New Regulations Provide for Impor tation of Mexican Labor. To assist in meeting the present shortage in unskilled labor, restric tions nave been temporarily removed on the importation of Mexican labor to be used in certain occupations. This step supplements the order by which the Department of Labor has arrang ed to bring Porto Rican laborers into this country for work on Government contracts. It is estimated that 75,000 islanders can be brought in while transportation is available.' New regulations on the subject of Mexican labor contain rigid provi sions to prevent any attempt at ex ploitation on the part of prospective employers. Wage rates current for similar labor in the localities in which the admitted alien is to be employed are assured, as well as good housing and sanitation conditions. Applications for permission to im port Mexican labor under the new provisions may be filed with United States immigration or employment service officials, giving the number of laborers desired, class of workj wages and place of employment. Food Ration to Be Carried in Gas proof Container.' The Quartermaster's Department is now supplying gas-proof food con tainers to the soldiers in the zone of operations in France. These contain ers prevent seepage of gas into the containers and guard against contam ination of the food. The men carry their emergency rations in the con tainers and all food brought up to the trenches is carried in tho new tins. After the food is packed in the con tainers they are hermetically sealed. It is planned to use perarhne for seal ing as it settles in the crevices in such a way that it must be cut before the lids can be taken on. It can be ap plied by running tho container i through a ptiraffinc bath. because the supply of tin is limit cd and there may not be enough to supply, the needs of the Army, the Quartermaster s Department is ex perimenting with a wax paper box. Tests made show that these boxes meet all conditions satisfactorily. The tins and boxes both arc vermin and water proof. German Firm Advertises Paper for Various Uses. An advertisement in a Berlin news paper, reported by the "Information Beiges", shows some of the many uses to which paper is being put in Ger many: "Paper stuff for dresses and aprons. "Paper stuff for business suits. "Paper stuff for manufacture ef suits. "Paper stuff for upholstery and tapestries. "Paper stuff for trunks and bags. "Paper stuff for bags, pillow cases and mattresses. "Splendidly assorted lot for sale." Many Attractions Staged in the 42 Camp Theatres. There are now 42 theatres, which cost over $500,000, in operation it, camps and cantonments throughout the country. Nearly 100 vnudevillj acts have been brought from the larpe circuits to play in these theatres only; about 50 acts have been secured from Chautauqua and Lyceum bureaus; 35 comedy companies are playing in these theatres exclusively. Some of these are original New York companies, playing the summer season only, with expenses reduced about two-thirds. The camps have been divided into two circuits. In one the Liberty tho atres seat 3,000, in the other the houses are smaller, having a capac ity of about 1,000 each. It takes from 14 to 25 weeks for a production to be staged in each house of cither circuit. "Smilagc" books, sold throughout the country under the direction of the Commission on Training Camp Activ ities, contain coupons good for ad mission to all attractions in camp theatres. Railroad Administration Makes Pro vision for Wheat Handling. The box-car situation is better at present than it has been at any time during the last three years, according to advice received byihe Department of Agriculture from the Railroad Ad ministration. On May 1 box cars began to move into wheat territory, and wheat-carrying roads nre expected to have on their lines more than the normal amount of cars owned by them. Cars are being parked in wheat-loading territory, which was impossible last year. The Railroad Administration will continue to move ears into wheat Ui Meat Must Be Sold Fresh' meat is perishable. It must be sold within about two weeks for whatever it will bring. A certain amount . of beef is frozen for foreign shipment, but domestic markets demand fresh, Chilled, unfrozen beet Swift & Company can not increase prices by withholding meat, be cause it will not keep fresh and salable for more than a few days after it reaches the market. " Swift & Company cannot tell at the time of purchasing cattle, what grice fresh meat will bring when put on sale. If between purchase' and sale, market con ditions change, the price of meat must also change. The Food Administration limits our profit to 9 per cent on capital invested in the meat departments. This is about 2 cents per dollar of sales. No profit is guaranteed, and the risk of loss is not eliminated As a matter of fact, meat is iii often sold at a the need of selling it iaefore it spoils. Swift & Company, U.S.A. !1 districts as long as there is any indi cation that additional cars will be needed. Women stenographers and lypists are now being enrolled in the-?Nava! Reserve as yeomen. ' . fOver 3,000 women are at work in the production of gas-masks at the Long Island gas-defense plant. About 50 subsistence inspectors of tho Army attended a school of one week recently held at Washington, D. C, to receive instruction in methods to standardize the inspection of food. Monthly magazines to bo sent to sol diers and sailors should not be more than two months old, according to the i . ii. i . i i.i.. i osl wince ueparuiiuni, unu wevmy publications should not be more than three weeks old. . Tn anaumr tn mieries ree-ordinff the nrotection afforded against mustard gas by American masks, word has come from the fcxpemuonary rorces that tin information has been received that any box respirator of American and English manufacture nas Been penetrated in the field. Threo temporary office buildingn, providing working space for 6,250 per sons, have been built in 10 weeks in Washington, D. C, by - tho construc tion division-of tho Army, without the employment of a contractor. One, a 3-story structure, 491 feet long, 200 feet wide, with a floor space of 270, 000 square feet, was ready for occu pancy 24 working days after tho first spadeful of earth was turned. The Army Medical Department has developed a mobile X,- ray outfit for use near the front, carried on a modi fied ambulance. I.t consists of a stan dard portable outfit made up of a Dol co gas electric set, high tension trans former, special- type Crolidge tube, and includes-X-ray table, -dark' room and complete set of apparatus for the location of foreign bodies.. Some cf these outfitsare already in service a broad and 55 are in course of ship ment. . .. . ' . ,- . Fnrrv-siv unrieties. renresentinir 22 nationalities of foroign-born r citizens ents, parades, and speech making in theprincipal cities of the United States Till i. Tl anrcuni mA In t.VlA ffrnnn P loss because of Czeho-slavs, Danes, Dutch, Finns, French, French-Canadians, Germans, Greeks, Hungarians, Italians, Japan ese Lithuans, Norwegians, Poles, Por tugese, Russians, Roumanians, South Slavs, Swedes and Swiss. In May these socities appealed to Presidenc Wilson to issue a procamation calling upon all native Americans to unite with the foreign born in obsetving the National holiday, and plans for the many celebrations developed af ter the proclamation was issued. ENLIST IN THE NAVY AND RETURN TO YOUR WORK The privelege of enlisting in the Navy and being put on the waiting list until called to active service is the latest inducement offered by the Navy to men who -are working on farms or who are awaiting call to ser vice in the draft army because they feei they must spend all the time pos- siDie at tlieir present work. Draft boards must give all registered men releases if they are not in the cur rent quota. The Navy is now accepting and en listing men for various branches of the service at the recruiting station for tne Missouri district, Seventh and Chestnut Streets, St. Louis, and send ing tne men back home to await a call to report for active duty. The iintent of this order is to give men working on farnyrf an opportunity to enlist in a volunteer branch of the ser vice and then return to their work on an indefinite leave. Any man enlisting at this time who is put on a waiting list is exemDt from .the draft, or tpbe more exact is placed in Class o as being in the Naval ser vice of the United States. Lieut. F. M. Wilson, officer in char ge , said that the order to put men on the waiting list was the best news the boys in the rural districts have had. "It must not be considered that the Navy has more men, now than can be used," he said. The situation de mands all the enlistments possible, and this ruling has for its primary object the enlistment of men who want to volunteer but who feel that they should do all the work for which there is need before they are called. The Navy offers these -conscentioua work ers the chance to get in the branch of the service -. which they, prefer and then go home to finish their work. We expect tho rural districts to furnish a great number of men under this nw ruling.