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THE FARMINGTON TIMES. FARMINGTON. MISSOURI.
PACK TBKKS Used 40 Years Ml (PRONOUNCED The Woman's Tonic WHAT IS BARNYARD MANURE WORTH There was never a time when a ten of manure was worth as much as mon ey as it in today, according to M. Y. Miller of the University of Missouri College of Agriculture. The prices of farm crops and the great need for in creased production have given manure a remarkable value. Results of ex periments conducted on the Missouri soil experiment fields for the past ten years, which fields represent tiie moat important types in the state, show that each ton of manure has brought an increase- in crops which at present prices is worth $4.20. On some fields the return has been considerably gre ater. For instance, on the experiment field at St. James, which is in Phelps County tl'.e return has been approx imately $7.50 on the basis of present crop values. The farmer who has allowed manure to accumulate around the barn or shed should consider it a most paying pro position as well as a patriotic duty to get every load of it back to the land during the fall or summer. Not a ton of it should go to waste this year. CENTER OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN ILLINOIS The center of agricultural produc tion of the United States, according to the value of crop and animal pro ducts for 1917, is in west central Ill inois, as shown by a diagram just is sued by the Department of Agricul ture. The States of greatest produc tion are: Iowa, $1,330,000,000; Illi nois, $1,255,000,000; Texas, $1,045, 000,000; Missouri, $947,000,000; Ohio, $851,000,000; Nebraska, $774,000,000; Indiana, $766,000,000; Kansas, $735, 000,000; New York, $700,000,000; Min nesota, $046,000,000; Pensylvania, $636,000,000; Georgia, $605,000,000. Wisconsin, $598,000,000; California, $575,000,000; Michigan, $534,000,000 and Kentucky, $529,000,000. M tflOTHERSr Keep the family free from colds by using rTTJrtlv-Gurd InTtmr Horn; Above All Reliability - In the jewels, silverware, watches, clocks, etc., that you buy you demand, and desire dependable quality. This you invariably get when the goods are bought at The Tetley Jewelry Co. ESTABLISHED IN 1861 Added to the honorable traditions of nearly, half a century of business dealings with the St. Francois county public is the spirit of progress and observance of all that is up-to-date and desirable in our line of business. WE DO THE WORK THAT Musical Instruments and Sewing Machines of Standard Worth and Quality. CARD - YOU - EYE ) EL-l SEEDS OF WAR SOWN UY GERMAN SCHOOL SYSTEM The German school system, with in highly centralized character, was tl.e chief agent used by the German rul ers to sow the seeds of war in the Teutonic mind. ' There is but one school system and at its head is a paw ful minister of education. When this minister, sitting in Berlin, adopts a course of study, it goes into effect the next day, without question. These points were brought out by President A. Ross Hill of the University of Mis souri at an assembly of summer school students this week. "Fear and hatred of other countries have been instilled into the minds of the people through the schools, and German achievements in literature and industry, and German prowess in war have been extolled, until the Ger man youth considers the German a superman. The books they study tell of the wonders of Germany. The his tories teach that Napoleon would have overrun Europe had not Germany stepped in and saved the day. As for the British, they were only cowards; it was the German morale and mili tary power that saved Europe." Besides preparing for war by a de velopment of ideals, the German schools have made preparation by giv ing vocational training. Every boy who is not to attend a university is given technical training as soon as he has completed the eighth grade. Thus they were taught how to be of ser vice bcind the lines in all kinds of technical work. HELPS PRODUCE BETTER GRAIN Interest in better seeds is shown by the number of farmers who are send ing seeds to the Missouri branch seed laboratory at Columbia. This labora tory is maintained by the United States Department of Agriculture and the College of Agriculture of . the University of Missouri for the pur pose of testing seeds for purity, germ ination and identification, by which the farmer is able to save both the labor and expense of planting pool quality seeds. The laboratory gives prompt attention to all seeds sent in. Last year 1,289 samples from seed men, and 3,120 samples from farmer were sent to the laboratory to be tested. This is an increase of 155.8 per cent over the previous year. FINEST REPAIR CAN BE DONE HOW TO PREVENT GRASSHOPPER INJURY Swarms of grasshoppers have been reported doing considerable damage to field, truck and garden crops in many Missouri counties. They will continue to do injury to crops until late this fall, unless measures are adopted for their control. These pests may be effectively and cheaply destroy ed by sowing poisoned bran mash ov er the infested fields. This poison is made as follows: Mix thoroughly in a tub or half barrel 25 pounds of wheat bran and 1 pound of paris green. In a separate receptacle, mix 3 1-2 gal lons of water with two quarts of mo lasses or syrup, and the juice, finely ground pulp and skin of 4 oranges or lemons. Add this mixture to the wheat bran and paris green and mix thoroughly. A moist, coarse, crumo ly mixture is desired. It should not be sloppy, and the mixture should br made fresh for each sowing. The proportions given will sow 4 or acres. For the best results, the poison bran should be sown broad cast over the field in strips 12 to 15 feet wide in the morning before sunrise, it is also advisable to sow the poison bran alomr the fence rows or weed and grass-grown ravines from which the grasshoppers emerge during the ear ly morning. If the mixtures sown broadcast, there is no danger of pois oning the birds or livestock, me grasshoppers are usually killed in from 6 to 48 hours after eating the poison, s The young insects are much easier killed than the old ones, hence the importance of applying the pois on bran mash now, according to T. J. Talbert of the University of Missouri College of Agriculture. ROAST BEEF ONCE A WEEK From the immemorial, almost, the man who makes the weary round of hotels and restaurants has found roast beef, medium, his favorite dish. Sated with various viands offered on the bill of fare, he has glanced at the proffered menu, thrust it aside impa tiently, and with a sigh of satisfaction, said: "Bring me some roast beef. But war times have brought a com plete change in habits of eating. And roast beef can now be served at ho, tels and restaurants only once a week. The Food Administration recently an nounced that the decreasing surplus of beef and the increasing demands of the growing army make conservation in beef consumption imperative until September 15th. The Hotel Division of the Food Ad ministration has suggested the follow ing uniform regulations for hotels and public eating places to accomplish the conservation desired: Roast beef, whether hot or cold, should be served only on Monday at the midday meal; stewed, boiled or beer hash on Wednesday ana Satur day at the midday meal, steaks in anv form, including hamberg steak, on Thursday only at the midday meal. By-products of beef, such as ox-taus, livers, tongues, sweet-breads, hearts, kidneys, brains and tripe may be serv ed at any time. Every patriotic eating place is ex pected to comply at once on a volun tary basis. WORK HORSES NEED CABB IN SUMMER It is essential in a season like the present, when a good day's work from a horse than it has ever been, that the horse be kept in tho best possible con dition, acording to E.A. Trowbridge of the University of Missouri College of Agriculture. Farm work horses us ually carry less flesh in summer than in winter and this is probably a safer con dition for the hot weather. But while hard worked horses are bound tc lose flesh in sumer, they should not be allowed to get so thin as to lessen the ir strength and ability to do hard work. Work horses, like men, need plenty of good wholesome feed given at regular intervals. A mixture of corn and oats, one-half each, and good hay-fed in sufficient quantities is as satisfactory under all conditions as anv ration. Work horses enjoy a cool lot or small pasture at night and do better there than in the hot and often dirty stable. The privilege of drinking ire quently and in small quantities re freshes horses doing harn work in hot weather. Sore shoulders may be less ened bv making certain that the coll ars fit the horses' neck properly, and by washing both the neck and collar each night. At the University of Missouri it was found that mares nursing foals lost 44 pounds between May 20 and Au gusts, or a total of 171 pounds from April 22 to August 12. ' By December 30 these mares had gained 269 pounds which was a recovery from tho effects of a hard summer. Mares not nursing foals, underwent about the same chan ge, but ate less feed during the sum mer; .j SAVES CORN BY TESTING H. T. Neioton,: agent for Marion County, has made a complete report on the "seed corn testing project of the farm bureau. The testing stations served 325 farmers directly. A tot al of 1,931 bushels of ear tasted seed corn was planted, and figuring that all discarded corn would not have grown in the field, the work represents a pos sible saving of 85,385 bushels to the county. : mt ami fvmiiiTmia-uw IF KAISER KNEW ALL U. S. IS DOING he:d SURRENDER, SAYS BRITON New York. July 1. "If Germany knew'Uie truth about America's war nreDarations she would surrender" at once, acciarea unver uo u-iruf, British munition manufacturer, speak ing at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel to day. "America herself doesn't know the wholo truth about her own prepa ration. Tho country is too vast for the inhabitants of any one section to have any comprehensive view of the whole." Do Gordo has toured the United States from the Atlantic Coast to the Rocky Mountains, and has been study ing the American process of munition manufacture. "My trip has been like a visit to Fairyland," he continued. "I visited many wonder cities and was very deeply impressed with tho quantity r.nd quality of the products being turned out by the gigantic factories. Munitions, clothing, motor trucks, submarine rolling stock, submarine chasers, railroad rolling stock, all to gether in tho same wonder cities.'' m j i i i 1 . y" . CONSCRIPTING LABOR The government is about to take the final step towards actual con scription of labor. From Wi rtiing- ton comes the news that plans are be ing worked out by the War Depart ment and the department of iabor, by which machinists and mechanics will be. culled out of tho army and sent to war factories to work, being given fur loughs for that purpose. Of course, while they are on furloughs, they will work for the regular wages of their trades, but they will continue sub ject to military control and discipline and be liable to cancellation of their furloughs and return to their com mands at will. They will of neces sity be compelled to work in the par ticular factories to which they are as signed and no doubt to report regu larly their whereabouts and conduct. When the conscription age ohall have been raised to 40 or 45 yenrs, which will be done as soon as the s-overnment is ready for it, the gov ernment will practically have at its call the great majority of skilled la bor in the country. It will only be necessary to call the men into mili tary service and then assign them to factories, ship yards or any other em ployment necessary ior winning u:u war, even on the farms. The ap proach to this necessary finality of the right and need of tho government to mnscnnt its industrial streiifrtn enuallv with its military strength has been slow ana cautious, dui mat end is now almost reached. We have almost planted our feet solidly upon the democratic platform that the ob ligation of all citizens to do what they are Qualified to do for the national de fense is equal and its periormance may be equally demanded and en forced. St. Louis btar. TO THE CITIZENS OF ST. FRANCOIS COUNTY Bv reason of ill health. E. A. Rozier resigned tho chairmanship of the St. Francois bounty war savings Stamn Board. Late in the afternoon of Juno 26th, the undersigned was appointed to fill the vacancy. On account of Mr. Rozier's pro longed ill health, our county was not properly equipped to make a success ful drive on the 28th, as requested under the nroclamations of the Presi dent of U. S. and the Governor of our State. However, mucn was accomp' lished, yet much more is to be done in order to hold our well known rec ord of always going "over the top'' in all efforts in behalf of our country. I am now assembling the returns of tho drive made on the 28Ui in the various school districts in the county, for the purpose of reporting the 10 suits to the government, and I am in structed to report in one list the names of those who subscribed for War Sav ings Stamps; in Bnother, tho nan es of those who do not subscribe. I want to furnish only one list. That is, these who have subscribed; and I call upon everv citizen of the county who has not subscribed for War Savings Stamps to assist mo in making such a report, by going to your po3t office and securing a blank subscription card, fill it up for some amount, mark upon it the number of your school dis trict and mail it to me so that it will reach me by the 15th of July. Respectfully, E. T. NOLAND. County Chairman W. S. S. Board, x t armington, ivio. SUNFLOWERS FOR SILAGE Experiments with sunflowers to de tcrmine their suitability for rilage are being conducted in the western United States by the Bureau of Plant Industry, in co-operation with State experiment stations, mere are inui cations that this crop may be special' ly useful in regions where the grow incr season is too cool for the produc tion of large yields of silage corn. The experiments were begun An 1917 at Huntley, Montana and ScottsblufT, Nebraska, and the first year's results led the investigators to extend the work to other points' this year. In 1917 tho yields of sunflower silage exceeded those of corn silage in the same fields from 50 to 100 per cent, Yields of more than 20 tons per acre were obtained under irrieation. Pre liminary foedinr tests have indicated that the sunflower silaee may be substituted satisfactorily for corn sil age, btrt directly comparable results have not yet been obtained in suffi cient volume to justify a full state ment as to the comparative values of the two feeds. FOR TRUSSES Supporters, Belts, Shoulder Braces, Crutches, Crutch Tips, see E. M. Laak- man, Druggist. It will be hard to eet onto the curv es of that baseball autographed by Colonel Roosevelt. ...... i "Dear me, I forgot to send her an invitation to our wedding. "i am reine it won't make much difference. Vve won't miss one pickle fork. WORK OR FIGHT Only a comparatively few can fight, the rest must work. Our soldiers cannot have a vacation. Does your conscience allow you all summer? You can prepare for the greatest needlNOW, as this institu tion will remain open all summer. Business Train ing offered every week in the year. Most efficient training ever offered, and students prepared in less time than ever before. Individual assistance, ex pert, experienced instruction. You are needed NOW. Why waste the summer? Ask for information. , GEO. A. MILLER OZARK BUSINESS COLLEGE FARMINGTON. MO. Will Folk and the Republic j Support Wilfley If Nominated Senator's Campaign Managers Ask Question and (From St. Louis Republic, July 1st, 1918.) The- following communication was sent to The Republic yesterday from the Wilfley headquarters In the Plant ers' Hotel: "The St. Louis Republic has pro pounded two questions for reply by me on behalf of the Wliriey City Cam paign Committee. "They are: "'Do I approve of Senator Wilfley signing on March 8, 1917, the telegram asking the President to keep us out of war if it were possible to do so with out the sacrifice of national honor?' and 'Would I have signed the tele gram If I had been In Senator Wll f ley's place?" "I am glad to answer any questions pertaining to this campaign, asked in good faith by the press, although I am not a candidate for the Senate. "My reply to the first question Is: "Senator Wllfley'g statement of his reason for signing the telegram is manly, straightforward, unevasive, In accordance with his high character and unimpeachable patriotism, and Is entirely satisfactory to me and should be to every fair-minded American. It In In accordance with the attitude of the President at the time it was signed, and In accordance with the view of a large majority of our citi zenship. "My reply to the second question is: "I find it impossible to put myself In the frame of mind that I was In be fore the declaration of war, and I can not say whether I would have signed ,lhe telegram or not. The declaration of war caused an acute chango in the minds, of American people. This change affected The Republic and oth er papers, as well as Individuals, as a scanning of The Republic's editorial columns before and after the declara tion of war will evidence. Like all other Americans, I am now intent on but one thing, a complete and over whelming defeat of the Huns and all that they stand for. "An editorial was published In The Republic on March 1, 191T, exactly one week before the telegram was sent, bearing on the war situation. The headline of this editorial suggests the question whether war could be avoid ed, for the line reads 'The Overt Act And Then?' The closing paragraph of this editorial reads as follows: " 'War has not yet been declared, Cd we hope may be avoided. When TUBERCULOSIS-FREE HERDS TO BE LISTED A list of the owners of accredited herds pure-bred dairy herds that have shown by two annual tuberculin tests that they are free from tubercu losis together with owners or nsras that have successfully passed ' ore test, the number in the various herds and the breeds, will be published by the Bureau of Animal Industry in The New LACLEDE "The only popuIar"$laray'nole-St.iLouSi' Completely remodeled and redecorated . . throughout. Centrally located in the heart (J""- AT of the shopping and theatrical district. JJ 1 1 JJ Easily accessible to and from u nion station. Popular price cafe under the manacement of Menm. Weldon and Whlteon. manarert for 35 years of the Silrer Moon ResUu rant and looser Hotel. 265 Unje, airr, coafurUbtt reeinK i rl Wtto. f 11 ' II i 1 6th and Cheelnut Street Lacieae notel, su louu, m0. Await a Reply we figure up the cost, both of going hr and staying out, we cannot wonder, that President Wilson has sought by: every means In his power to avoid a' rupture.' "The ono event of Importance thai has transpired between the publica tion of this editorial In The Republic)1 and the signing of the telegram by. Senator Wilfley was the Inaugural ad dress of President Wilson, in whlch.1 the hope that peace might yet be pre-: served was expressed. "It Is quite clear from such exprea Hions, which were frequent In the edU toriiil columns of The St. Louis Re-; public at that time, that certainly up to and beyond the date of the tele-j gram which Senator Wilfley signed The Republic hoped war might possl-l bly be avoided with honor. "Neither his opponent nor The Re-1 public opposing him dare assert Sena-; tor Wilfley Is not a thoroughly loyal American. "But, since I am required to answer; questions, it Is no more than fair tbat I should be permitted to ask a few. "Our reports from all over Mlsspurl indicate the nomination of Senator Wilfley by a substantial majority. Ha reports large and enthusiastic meet ings and feels no alarm at the injec-i ' tion ot false issues or unjust personal attacks into the campaign. A large gathering of Missouri Democrats to St. Louis yesterday brought nothing but good news. The situation In St. i Louis and Kansas City could not ba ' better. Consequently, the Important' questions now before the Democratic, voters in this family quarrel Is what the attitude of Joseph W. Folk and his followers is going to be after Senator1 Wilfley Is nominated. "My questions are: ! "Will Gov. Folk support Senatori Wilfley if Senator Wilfley Is nomi nated ? "Will The St. Louis Republic sup-i port Senator Wilfley If Senator Wll-j fley Is nominated? (Signed) , "JAMES HAGERMAN, JR., "The foregoing answers to The Re- public's questions given by Mr. Hager nian express my sentiments and meet! with my full approval. (Signed) i "JAMES E. BOGGS, j "State Chairman, Wilfley Campaign." ,' July. It is planned that this list with additions will be published periodical ly thereafter. This information will be of value to buyers and sellers of dairy cattle, as it will enable buyer to locate cattle that are free from tu berculosis and will help breeders in finding a more ready market. In the arrival of the Hun U-boats we foresee enlarged activity among the shark liars of previous summers. j p-er 4 j;:vWjiiiW.-Ui( s4 M- : 'taWf!. mist