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FARMINGTON, ST. FRANCOIS COUNTY, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, AUGUST 8. 1919 NO. 32 VOL. 46 Building Program Bloomington, 111., Aug. 4. Illinois, i rt,; month h Inunrhed the most stu- pendous program of rqad building in the history of the world. It com prises 5,000 miles of vast trunk line . vstpm. connecting nil of the impor ' . ...... i tant cities, and the cost will be $60, 000,000. Not a cent of it will be borne by public taxation. The tin li cense tags at the front and rear of every motor vehicle tell the story of the financing. There are now 600,000 automobiles and trucks in Illinois. The license fees will produce aboiit $7,000,000 per'Vinnum. In 20 years it will be sufficient to pay off the princi pal and interest of the bond issue of $60,000,000, which guarantees the pay ment for construction. Plan Attracts Attention The Illinois plan, first suggested a year ago, and which was approved by the voters at the polls November 5 last, a majority of 509,000 being given the proposition, has attracted nation wide attention, and similar move ments have been launched in Arkan sas, Missouri, Georgia and other States, with liklihood of favorable ac tion. . In years gone by Illinois expendod about $7,000,000 per annum for road improvement through the medium of 4,800 township highway commissinn Mnat nf the work oerformed one year had to be done over again the succeeuing, as n wa duio.j ..v. ary in character. The same old mud holes received these millions, and the THililic waste became the subject of a campaign of reform launched by the .good roads and motor vehicles asso ciations. The advent of the automo bile brought a new understanding of highway problems. It was realized that the city man, driving his car for pleasure or on business tnrougn a ru ral community, should bo made to pay a part of the expense of maintaining the roads traversed. It was argued that it was unfair to saddle all of the expense upon the townships. Patchwork Roads Before Illinois boasts of 96,000 miles of highway. Seven years ago, 16,000 miles of the most important were set aside for improvement by co-operation between the State and county. The legislature agreed to pay one-half of the cost of building hard roads and also permanently maintain them af ter construction. This was the first movement in behalf of good roads, but there were disadvantages through lack of uniformity and co-ordination, and it wu found that thero could be no stretches of trunk lines across tne State, but simply a patch-work sys tem of good and bad roads. A tourist who found a stretch of good roads in one county was apt to find that it connected with a bottomless mudhole in the adjoining. In this crisis the proposal was made that a higher unit be established un der State control, that it be construct ed by a State bond issue, and that the routes be selected by the legislature. Gov. Frank O. Lowden opposed a bond issue which would require additional taxation. A compromise was then effected by which the license fee for motor cars was increased sufficient to take care of the bond issue. The owners of automobiles and trucks ap proved the idea and there has been no opposition. Bond Issue Popular The campaign in behalf of the bond issue was supported not only by the motorists, but by bankers, merchants, farmers, workingmcn, women's clubs in fact, all interests. Now, one year after the campaign was first launched, tangible results are being seen. There has been delay, due to the scarcity of labor and the high price and scarcity of materials. With the return of the soldiers, the former handicap has been alleviated, and the work is ac tually underway. Illinois will soon en joy the unique distinction of a com plete highway commission, with the State building and controlling the main roads, the counties and town ships controlling the feeders or later als. The cost is borne by all of the people, those of the city as well as those of the country, but only by peo ple who own motor vehicles. The State realizes that the city and coun try are interdependent, and that each contributes to the well being and pros perity of the other. The social, edu cational and healthful advantages of good roads are so apparent that this point requires no exploitation or dis cussion. Their economic worth is a thing that Illinois has just learned. Amortization Plan Safe Financiers assert that the amorti zation plan by which the bonds and the interest are to be liquidated is absolutely safe. What Illinois has done, other States can do, with, of course, varying modifications to con form to local conditions, and to meet local requirements. The Illinois plan holds fair to. become universal as its merits are realized. The distinctive feature is the scheme by which the motor license fees take care of the principal and interest. This year, cars of 10 horse power or less pay a license fee of 84.50. Next year and thereafter it will be $6. Cars of horsepower between 10 and 25 now nav SR. Next vear the fee will be $8. A proportionate increase is fixed for larger type of machines. Motorcy cles have been taxed $3. Next year the fee will be $4. The smaller type of electric cars now pay $10. Next Dr. R E. Walsh DENTIST' Office in New Era Building, FLAT BIVER MO. Phone 487. in World's History year they must pay $12. The larger typo of electric cars now pay $20. KJ i .1 A- K. Next vear the rate will be $25. Own era of cars have cheerfully acquiesced in the increase when they found that every dollar would be devoted to a permanent system of road improve ment. Much Credit Due Edcns To William G. Edens of Chicago, president of the Illinois Highway Im provement Association, is due a large measure of the credit for the success ful campaign in behalf of a State-aid road system and the payment through license fees. Through his understanding of the local sentiment in all of the counties of the State, his wide acquaintance among all groups of citizens and his ability to eliminate all semblance of politics in his selection of committees, the good roads campaign was general ly conceded to be the most thoroughly organized and most successful and important volunteer movement in the history of the Commonwealth. The association, of which he is the head, is one of the most disinterested and unselfish bodies of men ever banded together in the furtherance of public interprise In Illinois. Every semb lance of special interest has been rig idly excluded from active participa tion in the organization. It has no ax to grind, no one interest to further and is under obiigntions to no one. Officers Serve Without Pay Its officers serve without pay. In addition to President Edens, there are numerous other faithful promoters of the good roads movement, and they are receiving the gratitude of a united citizenship and will be honored by posterity. The bulk of the roads now under construction will be of concrete, laid unon crushed stone. In many instanc es, for a mile or two adjoining the principal cities, where the traffic is of the heaviest, bncK win De used ior the upper surfacing, with a bed of concrete. As yet, there has been no convict labor requisitioned. In 1913, the legislature adopted a law, request ed by Gov. Dunne, permitting the em ployment of prisoners under the hon or system. One day is commuted from the sentence of each prisoner for every three devoted to road work. In miscellaneous road work for a num ber of years, several thousand con victs have been utilized and it is ex pected that a large number will be employed in building the $60,000,000 trunk iiM -system just inaugurated. The utilization of convicts will be governed to some extent by the labor situation. If it is found that the work is lagging through scarcity or men, the Drison doors will be opened. Ev ery effort will be made to complete tne D,uuu miles as exjieuiuuusiy ua possible. The main lines will be con nected with other stretches of hard roads bv laterals extending to adja cent towns and hamlets. In 20 years it is hoped that 50 per cent of the roads of tho State will be improved, equalling the record of Massachusetts at the present time. Illinois is now forced to admit that only 10 per cent of her highways have been macadam ized. TRUE ECONOMY IN ROAD BUILDING In his office near the top of the Woolworth building, New York, Mr. Clifford Richardson, for many years the Kederal Asphalt Expert of the District of Columbia and prooaoiy tne greatest living authority on Asphalt Pavements, threw added light on the question of good roads constructipn today. Mr. Richardson has for several years made a special study and in vestigation of roads, both in this coun try and in Europe, and has reserved any comment on the Bubject until he felt that all his statements could be borne out by actual facts and his opin ions substantiated by experience. "The ideal road," said Mr. Richard son, "is not obtained by the use of any one material alone, but is the combination of the best known road building materials, devoting each to the purpose for which it is intended by nature." "In other words, the base of Port land Cement Concrete of whatever thickness traffic demands, and the top of Native Lake Asphalt and fine mineral matter, known as Asphaltic Concrete or Sheet Asphalt. "It is easily appreciated that such a road is eminently fitted to carry all types of traffic and is the true eco nomic solution to the road problem. "The top; is dustless, resilent and durable, providing not only an 'easy riding' highway, but protecting the Portland Cement Concrete base from the damaging effects of frost, wea ther and traffic, the first two causing the heaving and cracking so usual in roads built entirely of concrete. The Portland Cement Concrete base forms a firm and unyielding support for the resilient 'easy-riding' top and forming a bridge over the soft earth of the sub-grade, prohibits pot holes and de pressions from appearing on the road surface and thus the two materials, Asphaltic Concrete and Portland Ce- ment Concrete form the perfectly bal anced road. "This method of construction has been used extensively all over the United States and has provided many miles of durable roads, some twenty years old and still in perfect condi tion. "This'same principle is embodied in Riverside Drive below 113th St.. New York, probably the heaviest traveled park driver in the country. - "The good roads program under Talking to a Post Mass Meeting of Democratic Women Pursuant to resolution adopted by the Democratic State Central Com mittee, 1 am requesiuu w tun man? meetings of the Democratic Women j voters of St. Francois county, to be in the various townships, for tho j . . i 1 1 held purpose ox organizing aiong tne piau now followed bv the men-that of electing one woman Democratic Com. mtteeman from each ot tne eigni. townships in the county. These meet. - ' 1 I... Tuoarlav August 12th, and I suggest that they : column, "lalkmg to a Post, is il k fc.u Df in nVlnnk m lustrative of the position that has been ho VipIiI nt 10 o'clock a. m, The meetings will be held at the following places in each township: Big River township, at Primrose. Liberty township, at Knob Lick. Iron township, at Bismarck. Marion Twp., at French Village. Pendleton township, at Doe Run. Perry township, at Bonne Terre. , Randolnh township, at Desloge. St. Francois Twp.. at Flat River. mi. lffll a h vh. rlous township meetings are requested I Today a vote will be taken by the va to meet in Farmington, Mo., on Tues- nous unions in the district as to day, August 19th, at 2 p. m for the whether or not the laborers will be purpose of organizing by electing a willing to back up their demands with chairman, secretary and treasurer of a strike, if necessary, in order to en the Women's Democratic Committee. I force their demands for what appears The committee and officers elected , to be a necessary advance in the wage will act in conjunction with and be a scale, m order that the men may con part of the present Democratic Coun- 'tinuo their labors, ty Central Committee. On next Sunday a district meeting It is expected that a Congressional 1 of all the locals will be held in Bonne Women's Committee will be called for -Terre, at which there will be present August 26th, when two women will be about thirty-five delegates, f or thfe selected as members of the Democrat- I purpose of taking f urther action in ic State Committee. this mutter. More than half of the The present Democratic County Cen, i mine laborers in the lead district nre tral Committee will be glad to give said to be members of the union, and any advice, suggestions or assistance , if they vote today to go out on strike to the women in their meetings, if as a last resort, it can be readily seen desired. The members of the Com-. that their action may mean much to rpnuested to make ; the future development of that dis- provision for meeting places in the i trict, at least until the reasonable de several communities on the date spe- j mands of labor are satisfied, cifiod. For information, the names It has been rumored that the Fed of the present Democratic County, oral and National lead companies are Committee are here given: ! already willing to meet the demands Big River township, Morris Jones, ot the workers, which, u true, win Mclzo. j throw practically all the responsibil- Libcrty township, Robert Hibbitts, ity for any trouble that may ensue on Knob Lick. I to the St. Joe Lead Company, which Iron township. Edw. Powers, Bis-! appears to be the principal opponent marck. I to dealing with labor on any terms, Marion township, John Werner, ! except its own desires in the matter. French Village. j The mine owners have been given un- Pendleton township, Lee Welker, .til August 15th to make answer on Doe Run. the demands that have been submit- Perry township, J. J. Bowman, ted to them, after which time the mat Bonne Terre. I ter will be carried to the International Randolph township, F. W. Monroe, j Union, and then probably to the U. S. Desloge. " I Department of Labor, which may take St. Francois township, John Ball, ! a hand in an attempted settlement. Flat River. I hope all possible publicity will be given to these : meetings, that they may be largely attended. J.: J. BOWMAN, Chairman. Harvey W. Farris, who is now em ployed in the Sub-Treasury Depart ment in St. Louis, arrived in Farming ton the first of the week and will spend a good share of his month's vacation with many old-time friends in this city and community, where he grew to manhood. He is the guest of his cousin, Mrs. R. L. Good. While he has not lived here for many years, he still has a warm spot in his heart for our people and community, and still visits here whenever opportunity pre sents itself. way throughout the United States is gaining headway with gratifying rap idity, after a rather delayed start. "Good roads are one of the greatest economic factors in accelerating pros perity and reducing the high cost of living, but, in the excess enthusiasm of the moment, some highway offi cials are prone to build roads that look good on paper and issue specifi cations hurriedly in order to get roads built. Roads are a necessity, but they must be good roads of proven- dura bility, else the public funds will be wasted." : ''" ''H: : "Experiments' with new road .types should be carried on, if we are to ad vance at all, but in a small .-way.' It ii not necessary to build even one mile of highway to tell how it will act under traffic" " Labor Crisis Near in the Lead Belt Nothing of special moment has de veloped the past week in regard to the labor situution in the Lead Belt of bt. ----- - ... : r'ninco.s county, though everything is suppose, to be in readiness for act on by the labor unions providing the mmn numnr. fill! nnH rpfllKI t.rt tl'Oat . . - --- - -- -.- , with them on an equitable bas s So tar they have jiu. ca "PP i"piv ... e ;nco in he dtt In th .con. taken by the employers of labor there, 11 they continue to nom sucn posi tion much lonerer. something will surely transpire there soon that .will t. lpast verv seriously cripple furth er activities there. For the good of both Bides, capital and labor, The Timen sincerely hones that an cquit- 'inf adjustment of diffarences may be arrived at peiore tne time Riven mine- owners ior an unewer exuii w. Keep Connec tion Tight "One of the commonest causes of Undercharged batterielB," (says Bert Wines, Willard Service Station Deal er, "is loose or dirty connections." "It is a good scheme to go over the wiring every once in a while, partic ularly between generator and battery. If there is a loose connection any where along the line it hinders the flow of current and will in time star ve the battery." . "When it is found that a connector ia Innsia ot tha bntfsrv. the best nlan is to take out the bolt that holds it in place, take off the cable, rub both of the contact surfaces with sandpaper, bolt the two parts tightly together and finally coat all the exposed lead parts with a thin film of vaseline. You will then have a good tight joint and, at the same time will provide pro tection against the - corrosion that would other wise result if any acid happened to Bpili on the lead." Probate Judge Kossuth C. Weber and mother, Mrs. Anna Weber, left Tuesday to join Judge Weber's wife and child, who have a cottage for the summer in-Alton, Mich. They will be joined there-later by Dr. and Mrs. F. S. Weber-. ; Judge Weber'a vacation wiB last-two Wfeks, while his family wiH Remain there the remainder of th summer. - Will Experiment With Road Dressing Tho County Court met for the Aug ust term Monday morning with all of ficers present. The proceedings are: After a discussion as to road im provement, upon the recommendation of County Highway Engineer Holman and Attorney E. A. Rozier, it was or dered by the court that a quarter- mile stretch on the t armington-r lat River road, at whutever site C. H. E. Holman selects, bo improved and treated to a coat of crushed granite. The purpose of this is to test the val ue of crushed grunite as a road dress ing. Other Proceedings A license for one vear granted to J. W. Hopkins to operate four pool tables in farmington. County Collector Brewer relieved or visiting each municipal township to collect taxes as provided in Section 11454 K. S. 1909. Warrants were allowed as follows, in addition to the monthly salaries of county officers: J. C. Louis, supplies, $24.19; C. E. Jones, supplies small pox patients, $100; Mrs. J. Hlghley, 6 months' rent Robbs family. $;; Chas. Graveltn, re lief, $10; Wm. Marcum, relief, $15; C. O. Rodgers, relief, $15; E. O. Brooks, relief Mary E. Politte, $40; Carr & Thomsen, relief Cornell sisters, $25; Mrs. Mary Sandborg, relief poor per sons at Knob Lick, $29.50; J. H. Tet ley, relief poor persons at Farming ton, $24; Mrs. C. R. Bramblct, relief poor persons at Flat River, $25; Mrs. Geo. Houser, relief of poor persons at Desloge and Mrs. Campbell at Elvins, $30; J. S. Boyer, relief poor persons at Loadwood, $00; Wm. Lunsford, relief, $15: Walt McEnroe, relief, $30; Mrs. Elsie Buckner, relief, $r; Dayse Baker, relief Maggie Burks, $6; Mrs. Jennie Forstcr, relief Lucy Mooten, $5; May berry. BvinEton & Tullock. hauling sod for court house lawn, $30; St. Francois County Farm Bureau, sal ary and expenses, $2S9.33; Marvin W. Crowdcr, stamps, expenses, S6.04; Geo. Sutherland, 2 months" services a,s night watchman, $2; A. J. Hawn, supplies at court house, $12.00; Farm ington Times Printing Co., supplies for county offices, $31.05; W. E. Cof fer, stamps and telephone, $6.90; W. K. Poston, supplies county offices, $5.25; Schramm Bottling & Ice Mfg. Co., ice books for court house and jail, $12; W. K. Poston, supplies, $12.10; Lang Mfg. & Merc. Co., supplies, $3. 25; C H. Adams, care court house, $18.15; C. H. Adams, board ox prison ers, $117.75; J. W. Jones, 6 days' ser vices and mileage, May term.. 526: F. M. Matkin, 6 days services HinJnila-1 age, May term, $25.70; J. W. BcalL supplies for Co. Supt. of Schools, $5. 75; J. Clyde Akers, clerical hire, etc., $39.27; McCarthy Lumber Co., repair ing screens, $22.5(f 1'elty s lloox Store, supplies, $7.15; City Drug Store, supplies, $1.10; Municipal Light Plant, light and power, $27.50; C. H. Adums, 5 days' attendance May term, $10. The court appropriates $304 to add to a like sum raised for the improve ment of the Pilot Knob-Karmington road by J. D. Huff, who was issued a warrant for $608 and appointed su pervisor of improvement. Amount of $150 appropriated for improvement of Iron Mountain-Liber-tyville road to go with a like sum raised by J. A. Overton for same im provement. Overton made supervisor of improvement. J. B. Compton, appearing to the court to be a worthy poor person, was ordered to be admitted to the County Infirmary for care. School fund loan of $625 made to J. E. Williams. Mortgage deed re corded as security. Inspection of old Jackson road, near Libertyville, made by court accom panied by County Highway Engineer Holman. 2.75 Per Cent. Beer Selling Acting on the advice of an attorney of this county, John Cook, George Brand and Bert Thurman, of Bonne Terre, on last Monday began the sale of beer containing 2.75 per cent alco hol so-called non-intoxicating beer. Those who imbibed had a hilarious time that night. When Prosecuting Attorney Coffer was in Bonne Tqrre Wednesday he learned of the sale of this beverage and straightway proceeded to make an investigation at the places of bus iness of the three men above men tioned. He found at the restaurant of John Cook 250 empty bottles, but no beer on hand. Cook readily admitted that he had been selling beer, but thought that ho was within the law when he did so, as he had sought the advice of an attorney concerning the sale of the same. Stocks of beer were discovered in ice chests at both Brand's and Thurman's. who also thought that they were not violating the law.. Information was filed by Mr. Cof fer against Cook, Brand and Thur man yesterday. Mr. Coffer is thoroughly determined to bring to trial any one who is guilty of violat ing the local option laws of the coun ty. He pointed out that while 2.75 per cent beer could be legally sold un der the Federal restrictions, the sale in this county of beer containing the smallest per cent of alcohol was a strict violation of the local option law, which specifically classes beer-,, and wine as restricted beverages. . . - : Ells Huff and two friends ; don't need an automobile, airplane, wagon, horse, wheelbarrow, train, street car, or a subway to go anywhere just give them a highway. .They, walked down from St. Louia thi week. Why they walked we don't know; v , : v Spirit of Good Roads Building Increases The Times management is especial ly pleased to note that the spirit of good roads building appears to be constantly on the increase, not only throughout St. Francois county, but through adjacent counties as well. If this paper can be of any assistance in bringing about the great work of im proved roads it will feel that its misr sion in the affairs of men has not been in vain, as it is our belief that there is no local question now crying for settlement of anything like the im portance of good roads. The St. Francois County Court is not only ready and willing, but anx ious, to call for a good roads bonding election just as soon as the necessary petition containing only 200 names is presented to them, asking for such action. Under the existing con ditions in this county, good roads bonds would be practically a gift to every resident citizen in this county, as they will bo called upon to pay not more than one-fifth of such indebted ness. Is that not sufficient reason for immediate action on this great proposition. Action in this matter should not be longer delayed, as each succeeding year is likely to show a diminishment in the product of the great mining companies, who should be pleased to leave to St. Francois county a good roads inheritance, for all the untold millions of wealth they have already taken out of this county. The Times dues not uclicvp that even the lead companies would oppose such a bond issue. With much pleasure Tho Times notes that the County Court of Ste. Genevieve county on Tuesday of this week ordered a vote on, a good roads bond issue for $385,000, said, election ! to be held on September 6th, next. The one thing about this action that we re gret is the early date of the election. We believe it would be beneficial, both to Ste. Genevieve county as well as to St. Francois county, to make such a call simultaneously. In that way each county would, we believe, be able to very materially assist' the other in the carrying of such an elec tion. If it were known that the build ing of a road to the county line meant that it would be continued on through the other county, would that not be a strong incentive for the building of such road to the county line? In this connection, The Times be lieves it would be a wise move to hold a mass meeting at some central point, for the discussion of the best meth ods to be pursued to solve for all tim h good rokus vjuealkrfl. At such -a meeting enthusiastic good roads men from the counties of Ste. Genevieve, Perry, Madison, Reynolds, Iron, Washington, Jefferson and St. Francois, should be invited to parti cipate, thereby making it a District Good Roads Association. In this way one county could help all the others1 not only in valuable suggestions, but in valuable work as well. This is given only as a suggestion, but if it should be accepted in the same spirit it is given for the ulti mate good of all we know that it will bear fruit abundantly. There will perhaps never again be a time so seasonable as the present ior the pusn- lng forward of good roads- worn. It is true that labor is high at this time, but is it not also true that labor must live? Who can better afford to pay the wages that are now necessary than the whole people? Public vforks is the best method for easing the country over the reconstruction period. Is it not so? Then who will start the work of organizing a District Good Roads Association? Work BeingPushed at Iron Mountain The Times is please 1 to note that the work of pumping the water from the immense reservoir, or lake, at lion Mountain continues to go for ward uninterruptedly, and that the 15-horse power pump keeps chugging away day and night, drawing an un ending stream q water of considera ble size from that Immense body, the effect being that tne reservoir is bcir.g rapidly lowered. When this work is completed, then minin? operations will be pressed for ward on a better regulated scale than it has ever before been carried on in Iron Mountain, and the hope of Capt. Elledge, the new owner of that great property, is that very soon ho will be able to keep a large force of men reg ularly employed in taking out that splendid iron ore, of which there is every evidence of being unlimited quantities. - . ; Proposals Sealed proposals will be received by the Board of Managers of State Hos pital No. 4, until 10 o'clock; a. m., Au gust 11, 1919, for the erection of Fire Escapes, Etc., for the various build ings at State Hospital No. 4, Farm ington, Mo. Plans and specifications are on file at the office of the Secretary of the Board of Managers and Hohenschild & Pearce, Architects, Suite 401-40i Odd Fellows Bldg., St. Louis. P. A. BENHAM, President. , G. C. VANDOVER, Sec'y. 31-2t rxA Mm TV f! rtnvinirtnn" who formerly lived here, accompanied by 1-1 J T - A .. tneir cnuuren, ajuicti, viucuia, drey and Wyman, came in Saturday for a visit with Mr. and Mrs. Geo. B. M. Beatty and family.