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The Farmington times. (Farmington, St. Francois County, Mo.) 1905-1926, January 07, 1921, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89066996/1921-01-07/ed-1/seq-2/

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PAGE TWO
THE FARMINGTON TIMES. FARMINGTON. MISSOURI. JANUARY 7. 1921
THE-
Farmington Times
Published Every Friday
A. W. BKADSHAW, Editor
I . Fnrritfn Advcrtlrins Representative
THEA.MLRICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION j
Telephone No. 59
Entered as second-class matter at the
' Postoffice at Farmington, Mo.
Subscription, $1.50 a year, in advance
OUR FARM WORK '
AT WASHINGTON
Congressmen Are by Nature Suspi
cious, but They Are Getting Friendly
to the Farm Bureau.
By Gray Silver,
Washington is a city where politics
and lobbying are not mere side line
diversions to be indulged In for six
to ten weeks each year while a legis
lative body is in session. In Wash
ington these things become a serious
business a lifetime job. ,
I could name vou a dozen cases off
hand where some particular lobby for
some special bill or amendment has
been going on actively week after
week and month after month for the
past five, ten, fifteen or even twenty
years.
It is not difficult tlien. to under
stand why a congressman, either
newly elected or of long standing
comes to regard with frank suspicion
all approaches from new sources or
on new subjects. He soon becomes
hardened to threats, pleadings, de
mands and attempts at baliy-ragging.
He hiivs himself a rubber 6tamp and
instructs his secretary to get out
some from letters which read about
M follows: Dear Sir:
Your letter of recent date is at
tinnH and I desire to assure you that
the matter you mention will have
my attention at the earnest posswie
moment.
I am very much interested in the
measure you advocate but owing to
the pressure of other duties have not
had an opportunity as yet to make
the thorough study o'f the matter I
would like before taking a definite
position on same. I can assure you,
however, that when the matter comes
p In congress it will have my earnest
attention.
Yours very truly,
JOHN G. CONGRESSMAN.
If the pressure becomes too strong
the congressman may step down the
corridor and ask the party caucus
leader what it is all about and where
the party stands on the proposition,
but not until it is brougt to his atten
tion in some forceful, effective way.
This must not be considered an in
Aitynmnt tununtt ' the congressman.
hew ever. With the great mass of bills
that are introduced and the tremen
dous volume of matter requiring con
ferences and discussion, to nay noth
ing of the time required in keeping
, political fences in repair and person
al connection intact, it is physically
impossible for a congressman io
fomilinrire himself with the fine
points of more than a relatively few
bills ana it is nis custom u wmv -til
developing pressure singles out t:ie
bills to whirtl he mow giye anenuun.
With the 'knowledge ot all these
r,.litir,nq at hand we approach tne
nnor.tinn as to how along what
specific tactical lines, should the
work of the Washington Represen
tative of the American Farm Bureau
Federation which has won the ngnt
to speak officialyy for organized ag
riculture, be conducted?
My conception of the answer to
this question and the methods we
have devised to carry it out will op
pear as I proceed.
"We have nothing to sell con
gress," is the expression I have used
time and again when some lobby
ridden congressman, after cautiously
fencing in a defensive sort of way
and with suspicion written all over
his face, has finally come out in the
open and said, "Well, what is the
farmer trying to put over, anyhow?
Personally, I feel that in view of
the fact that I have always lived
upon and operated a livestock, fruit
and general crop farm in the lower
Shenandoah Valley of West Virginia,
and in addition own and operate a
grain farm in Illinois, as well as hav
ing grown rice in Arkansas, I have
a fair start toward understanding
the basic needs of agriculture. Being
a fanner, myself, 1 can judge fairly
accurately as to the real problems
which must be tackled and solved by
the farmer. .
But the A. F. B. F. must be abso
lutely certain that it reflects the real
wants of its members. So conferences
are held in the various states and
sections, correspondence carried on,
and when question of unusual in
tricacy or importance are up for de
cisian. we take a referendum vote and
as ask each local . member to re
gister views.
. .The referendum on the Nolan Bill
which shewed overwhelming . disap
proval, sounded the death knell of
that proposal. It has shown no
strength since our referendum was
Mmoleted.
. When a definite want or need is
well established it is our job next to
'work out the means of best satisfy'
in it. It may . be found that an
amendment to some existing law will
serve the purpose and can be put
tnrwn"H mnr nenfnonsly than
newiv drafted law. But whether a
new law or an amendment is decided
upon, it must be not only carefully
drafted, hut critically examined by
lepai minds and others to make cer
tain that if enacted it will serve the
rmrooKe intended and involve no tin
de5ble effects. ;
Then comes the lone", tedious per
iod involving the introducing of the
Mil. th nreure to pet the commit
ters of the House and Senate to sin
rle out th''s particular bill from
amon? tie hundreds of its fellows
and fcife i attention, the wenariwr
anrt nrwntntion of arnimems in
ublir' Wirings an a if 1uV
c with u? fsvo"No . ifpo'-t
Then after this must come the tests
on the floors of both House and Sen
ate, with perhaps several backsets in
the form of amendments or compro
mises, frequently mese amena-
ments mean further conferences be
tween committee of the two houses.
But sooner or later the bill either
becomes a law, is killed outright, or
is allowed to pass in an amended
form, which is all too frequently only
a sort of living death and renders
the law entirely useless.
Since a total of sometning HKe io,-
000 bills are usually introduced dur
ing the life of a congress and less
than 800 at most, generally pass, it
is evident that the chances of any
individual bill getting through with
out special support and neip are re
mote. In fact, Congress takes pretty
much the attitude that ' it is not
much interested in any proposition
which is not sufficiently agitated to
bo brought forcibly to its attention.
It proceeds upon the theory that the
cry of any "crying" need will be
heard and, vice versa, if it is not.
It seems to us down at Washing
ton, though, that the hest time to
get this information regarding the
farmer's needs to the congressman,
is before he comes down to Washing'
ton. When he is up for election is an
especially arood time. He is very res
ponsive then. But at all times when
he is in the home district the needs
of his constituents, intelligently pre
sented, make much more of . an im
pression. In order" to facilitate this informa
tion service, the A. F. B. F., through
the State federations, is developing
a system of standing commfttees in
each state.
A number of state farm bureaus
have already done some excellent
work along this line. In five states
the senators and representatives
have been definitely committed on
all important pending legislation of
agricultural interest Farm bureau
committees have taken the matter up
personally with each man and secur
ed his promises. Political complexion
does not enter into this activity at
all. It matters not whether a man is
a Republican or a Democrat, we
must pledge both sides and on a
strictly non-partisan basis. The con
stitution specihcally bars any mem'
ber of the American Farm Bureau
Federation from entering into politi
cal activities. Strict adherence to
that principle is absolutely, essential
to the continued success of the or
ganization that has "education" for
its central feature, to see to it that
congressmen and state legislators are
properly informed and instructed as
to the needs ot uieir constituents.
We have already had interesting and
conclusive proof of the effectiveness
of this method Of educating congress
men.
We keep a careful record df each
congressman s position and vote on
each Question of importance to agrv
culture. This record includes not
merely his vote on the floor which
may or mav not be indicative, but his
known attitude as well. The Congres
sional Record doesnt show it all by
a rood deal. Every two years a con
siderable portion of these men must
come before the people or their dis
tricts for re-election. We believe ft to
be our plain duty to make the rec
ords of these men known to our mem
hers at that time.
But iwe never have orrasioa to
take a. congressman by the lapel of
the coat and ask him around tne
corner to whisper dark secrets into
his ear. We never have need for se
cret meetings because we have no
secret deals to pull off. Ours is an
"open covenant openly arrived at," if
ever there was one.
Our's is not a "lobbying" cam
paign. We have nothing to "sell"
congress, in the sense ordinarily im
plied at Washington. But we do have
a big educational campaign to put
forth and the object arrived at is big
enough to list the best energies of
the agricultural leaders in every state.
By proper organization ana co-or
dination of efforts we can carry on
such a campaign of ideas and in for
mation as to win congress to the sup
port of those principles essential to
the permanent and highest develop
ment of the Nation.
We have a way now-a-days, of
measuring everything in money and
while the work of the Washington
office does not lend itself well to
that method of interpreting results
still there are a few results which
can be so translated.
For Instance it might be figured
that the reduction in the Railway
Rate Case whereby the people , pay
six per cent interest on one and three
quarters billion less capitalization
than the railroads claimed, saves the
people of this country 350,OOO per
day. The American Farm - Bureau
Federation and associated agricul
tural shippers groups made the only
constructive statistical , representa
tion on which such a reduction could
be based and can Justly .claim the
principal credit for the reduction.
1 When the. railways were negotiat
ing with New j York bankers to bor
row money at nine per cent-the per
centage made little ; differences to
them since their net income' is guar
anteedyour Washington represent
tative interfered, the Interstate Com
merce Commission took a hand and
the money was. secured at seven per
cent Two per cent saved on from
100 to 200 millions makes an annual
net saving of two to four million dol
lars. ... : . . - - ' I
The rail-lake rate readjustment
between Chicago and New ' Yorld
which we put though with- the aid nTI
the Interstate Commerce Commission
made it possible to release thousands
of box cars previously used to carry
grain from Chicago and'upper lake
ports to Buffalo, and this - together
with the pressure brought upon both
labor and railway managers to in
crease efficiency, aided material in
relieving the acute transportation
situation that existed last fall and
hd a real money value to the farmer
who needed . cars. Bv constantly
wn-kinv ("loe to the. transportation
officials at Washington we were able
to yerr materially increase the num
ber of box cars sent west emntr fa
move the wheat crop, some of which
would otherwise have been piled up
on the ground. A total ot 1U6.0U0
empty box cars were sent west in this
way. The speciul cases where train
loads of fertii.er were mude up and
moved through to Long Island when
the potato growers there found it im
possible to get fertilizers in time to
plant their crop; here special train
loads of seed notatoes, totaling some
1,200 cars, were moved out to Maine
when getting them meant the differ
ence between a crop and no crop;
where an extra one hundred to one
hundred fifty refrigerator cars per
day were supplied; when the peach
growers of New York found them
selves unable to get cars fast enough
to prevent heavy losses from spoil
age; where special carload shipments
of farm machinery, hay baling wire,
and fruit baskets "relieved emergency
situations; and where the securing of
rulings from the prohibition enforce
ment officers of the Internal Reve
nue Department enabled cider mills
to re-open and utilize thousands of
bushels of apples in many states an
these have a cash value to those
benefited, which would total many
times the entire dues paid into tne
county, state and national farm, bu
reau treasuries.
The help brought to the sheep and
cattle men as well as general larmiers,
particularly in the west, by the en
couragement given thru the Federal
Reserve Board to local bankers ask
ing them to renew farmers loans
wherever possible, undoubtedly saved
hundreds of thousands of dollars to
farmers who would otherwise have
been closed out. It is true that but lit
tle immediate help in the way of addi
tional credit or financing was secured
from the Treasury Department, but
our efforts have been productive of
much earnest thought as to permanent
remedies and have produced on atti
tude of constructive suggestion and
helpfulness on the part of treasury of
ficals and others, which we believe
can in the near future be enacted into
permanent relief.
Our work with the Income Tax Di
vision of the Treasury Department
should not only save time and trouble
for every fanner who uses the system
authorized, but in many cases will
save no small amount of cash!
I am sure that the best growers of
Utah would attach a high cash value
to the services rendered them indirect
ly through the Departmet of Justice
in getting a satisfactory contract ar
rangement with the factories in that
state. Likewise the raisin growers Of
California had reason to appreciate
services rendered by us in interceding
at Washington at the time of their re
cent injunction suit.
The million and a half dollars re
stored to the agricultural appropria
tions bill through the efforts of the
Farm Bureau cannot be spoken of ex
actly as ?saved" but it prevented the
demoralization and pernaps destruc
tion of the county agent system.
But all these cash savings are small
in comparison with the increased in
come that would result from the
adoption of the policy of opening
foreign markets, which we have been
so ardently advocating. For the past
six months wa have been almost the
sole advocates of the principle of
helping ourselves out of a bad econo'
mic situation by helping Germany
and other foreign countries to buy
our products. Ours is the only really
constructive suggestion that has been
made in this connection. Holding ot
crops, striking, cutting down acreage
destruction of gins and granaries, are
all anarchistic and destructive mea
sures and get ub nowhere" in the end.
What we need is constructive metn
ods. more production and better dis
tribution ; then we can all have more
goods to divide and use. We have no
real surpluses but as long as evnry-
one is waiting for lower prices, prices
will go lower. Once let us start buy
in ir again and prices will advance to
a hiirher. but reasonaDie ana read
justed level. European countries need
our goods as badly as we need pur
chasers, fust now. . .
I feel safe m saying tnat some sucn
nlnn aa those now under discussion
which will extend credit to Central
European countries will be put into
effect soon, and will be a powerful
fuetar in raising rarm""croo prices.
The commodity financing and cred
it measures that we are working on
will to far toward preventing a re
currence of the recent disastrous
slump which has cost the farmer mil
lions of dollars. -
The development of air nitrogen
and other cheap sources, of fertilizers
can mean more to farming than any
of us quite realize to-day, 1 believe,
We hope to be able to effect materi
al savlnm; in this direction.
Proposed tariff measures win nave
a real dollar value to the farmer
who is now faced with the prospect
of producing beef, wool, corn, vege
table oils, beans, lemons ana certain
crops in competition with similar pro
duct produced in ; South America
and the Orient under standards of
living unthinkable to a self-respect-Inn'
American.
These are but a few of the projects
thaithe American Farm Bureau Fed
eration hopes to successfully prose
cute through its legislative office.
There are a dozen more measures I
might mention but with which most
of you are familiar, l believe. .."
; These are all matters which are ex
tremely important, almost : Vital, v I
might say, to the future prosperity
of American agriculture.
' Agriculture has need of an organi
zation as big and as powerful as it
is possiblo to develop. Agriculture has
problems to solve in the next ten
years bigger and more vital than any
that have confronted the tiller of the
soil ince the days of the pioneer.
CONSTRUCTIVE PROGRAM (
LAUNCHED AT THREE DAYS
HARMONIONS SESSION.
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Benson Orchestra of Chicago
Benson Orchestra of Chicago
Joseph C. Smith's Orchestra
. Joseph C. Smith's Orchestra
Pietro
Pietro
White man's Ambassador Orchestra
White man's Ambassador Orchestra
I Love You Sunday (Fox Trot )
Oh Geel Oh Gosh! (One Step)
Alice Blue Gown (Waltz)
Tripoli (Waltz)
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Stop It (One Step)
Grieving For You (Fox Trot)
My Wonder Girl (Fox, Trot)
VOCAL RECORDS
That Naughty Walt i .' Qlive Klien-Elsie Baker
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I've Got the A-B-C-D Blues Billy Burry-Ed. Smalle
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Rock-a-Bye Lullaby Mammy . . --. Peerless Quartet
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Uld fal, wny uont lou Answer Me 7 ,. Henry Burr
Forgive Me Lord
Old Rugged Cross
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Mefistofle, (
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Quartet in D Minor
Flonzaley Quartet
Mignon-Polonaise
Galli-Curcl
Life, Orville Harrold
Homer Rodehaver
Mrs. Wm. Asher-Homer Rodebaver
Banjo Song, ' ' Mme.
Homer-Miss Louise Homer
Elijah, Edward Johnson
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Andrea Chenier
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Stein Song
Reinald Warrenrath
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'ill FARMINGTON . ' . BONNE TERRE PI
"THE HOME OF THE MELOTONE"
, At the annual meeting of the Amer
ican Farm Bureau Federation at Indi
anapolis, Dee. 8-8, James R. Howard,
of Clemons, Iowa, was unanimously
and enthusiastically re-elected president.-
Oscar E. Bradfute,ef Ohio, was
elected vice president over S. L. Striv
ings, of New York, who hfs been vice
prestdesit for the past year. The new
executive committee consists of How
ard Leonard of Illinois; Chester H.
Gray of Missouri; John G. Brown, of
Indiana; J. T. Orr, of Texas: Gray Sil
ver of West Virginia; J. W. Morton, of
Georgia: E. B. Cornwall, of Vermont;
-H. E. Taylor, of New Jersey; E. F.
Richardson, or Massacnusetis; n. n.
Waler, of California; W. G. Jamson,
of Colorado and John F. Burton - of
Utah.
. In a three day meeting as harmoni
ous as last year's session was discord
ant, the American Farm Bureau Fed
eration laid out a constructive pro
gram of work at its second annual ses
sion. ' -l ""'' ' " v ' '
Prohibition of short selling of grain
by law "as urged in resolutions at the
business session Wednesday. The
Work of the Farmers' Marketing Com
mittee of 17 was endorsed and the de
mand of the committee that farmers co
operative commission .companies be
given seats on grain ' exchanges was
seconded. Demand was almost made
that co-ooerative live stock commis.
sion companies be given seats on live
stock exchanges. , federal regulation
of packers, stock yards and grain ex
changes was asked. The department
of Justice was requested to defer ac
tion on the disposition of public stock
yards unta farmers can study the
plans proposed and make recommend
ations. .V..'' y-;';;.
' The right of farmers to prices thai
will cover the cost of efficient produc
tion and a reasonable return on invest
ed capital was affirmed. The Federa
tion demanded the immediate enact
ment of laws removing all restrictions
was asked to appropriate funds to es
tablish an efficient foreign crop re
porting service under direction of the
United States Department of Agricul
ture. The executive committee was
instructed to establish at Once 1 a de
partment of research and economics
which will interpret these and other
statistics for the benefit of farmers.
Tie investigation of plans to pro
vide better credit facilities for farm
ers was urged. The Federal Farm
Land Bank was endorsed and request
made that the loan limit be raised to
$25,000.
President-elect Harding was asked
to appoint a Secretary of Agriculture
who has s thorough understanding of
agriculture and 4a in full sympathy
with it. Strict economy in govern
ment expenses was urged. Requests
were made that farmers be represent
ed on oil public boards and commis
sions. ).!;-?..'- '" : -. :, "'' :
.The Federation asked for the im
mediate enactment of the truth-ino-fabric
law -and for a protective tariff
on farm products. - The deflasion pol
icy of the treasury department was
condemned and the co-operation of
banking and business interests with
farmers in the present crisis was re-
I quested. I ;-
The policy of a guaranteed return
to the railroads on a cost-plus basis
was condemned and reduction in
I the present valuation of the railroads
! for rate making purposes was asked.
Preferential rates on fertilizers were
J requested. The convention favored pre
I serving the rate making power of
j state railroad ' commissions. : The
! Lakes-St. Lawrence waterway was en
! dorsed. The Pittsburg-plus basis of
fixing steel prices was opposed. -j
The Federation recommended . a
careful study of federal taxation in
order that the burden may be fairly
distributed. Appropriations to fight
the pink bollworm of cotton and tu
berculosis in cattle were asked for. "
The work of county home and farm.,,
demonstration agents was commended,
daylight saving laws condemned, and
simplification of the 'income tax re
quested. The federation requested the
co-operation of all other farmers' or
ganizations. - i
All constitutional amendments, to
eluding that to divide the Middle West ,
into two sections, were deferred until
the next annual meeting.
The following committee was ap
pointed to confer 'with the American
Bankers' Association at Chicago, Fri- ,
day and Saturday with reference to i
the formation of a hundred million ;
dollar export company: H. E. Gtfre ef .
West Vhrgihia, Wv S. Shearer ef Ida
ho, CHfford Thorrie 6f Chicago, Don
Livingston uf South Dakota; Geo. Fox
of Illinois, E. H. Cunningham of Io
wa and J. S. Crenshaw of Kentucky.
The governing body of the proposed
export company will consist of one
farmer, one business man and one
banker from each federal reserve dis
trict.
The number of actual paid up mem
bers in the federation, according to
the report of the credentials com-"
mittee is 655,931, of which 446,521 are
in the Middle West. The Middle West
furnished $142,130 of the $159,010 .
paid into the treasury to date. There
are 65 voting delegates 36 from the
Middle West, ten from the South, tea.
from the Northeast and nine from the
far West. f
Marketing b Big Issue.
The convention devoted a consider
able portion of its time to the contd
-(Concluded on Page S.) '
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0AAl W?.--

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