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THIS t ARMINGTON TIMES. FARMTNGTON. MISSOURI. JANUARY 14, 1921 KOT BATTLESHIPS, BUT BREAD The year 1920 has failed tragically to make any progress towards peace, but the closing weeks, at least, have witnessed a movement for a curtail ment of military expenditures, initia ted in the United States by Senator Borah's resolutions proposing that the United Stutes, Great Britain and Ja pan enter upon a five-year agreement for reduced naval construction. The Borah resolution might possibly have passed out as only an amiable gesture, had it not been galvanized into a par amount issue by the New York World's vigorous disarmament cam paign, which has secured for the idea the indorsement of representative spokesmen of many nations, and mo bilized, in addition, a considerable public sentiment. There is nothing sentimental in the proposal for a drastic reduction in na val plans and programs. The vision ary's benediction of pax vobiscum is not its inspiration. . It. is a sternly practical proposition. The nations cannot afford to spend money on na vies and armies. There is a far more pressing demand upon their resources the demand of strangulated trade, stagnant business, silent factories, un employment, national insolvency, and whole peoples starving and lacking the means, of producing food. The destitution of Middle Europe is appalling, and its blight has flung an economic shadow across the world. Those nations are the wards of na tions more fortunately placed, though the circumstances of all the nations, excepting our own, are close to bankruptcy. The duty of guardian- ship thrust upon the nations that are still "going concerns" is not to be un dertaken in a spirit of philanthropy. It is a matter of stupendous business magnitude and importance to us and to the other nations that Middle Eu rope shall be enabled to earn its own way as soon as possible and again contribute to, and participate in, the world's prosperity. Until that is done there can be no sound prosperity any where. In view of that obvious fact. it baffles understanding how the statesmanship of any nation can au thorize the spending on navies of bil lions which should be applied to re constructing the world. The situation in its entirety clearly shows that the people must interest themselves in the management of their public affairs, -not merely as a matter of good citizenship but as a matter of self-preservation. Today at Wash ington our legislators are fatuously trying to relieve the farmer by a slo venly bit of tariff tinkering. They might just as well consult the ouija board. The so-called emergency tar iff bill will accomplish nothing for the farmer. Already other lines of I i. . i . : s. i . . uiuueu-y a. iv protesting lu Automo bile manufacturers fear that other na tions will retaliate by putting a oro hibitive tax on our products that we put on theirs. Their fears are well founded. Notice to that effect has already been served on us. Even the steel industry, once the most clamor ous of aH for tariff privileges, shares the apprehension of the automobile people and joins them in saying that American industry needs markets, not protection. The farmer is in the same situation as the automobile or steel manufac turer. The farmer needs markets for nis products, tie cannot prosper without markets. How are we to get markets! Maniiestly we cant vet them by making trade imposisble. We can't get them by trusting blind ly to the magic of antiquated tariff legislation. We can, only get markets by cutting out every unnecessary, avoidable expenditure and employing our money in the rehabilitation of the nations and peoples who need our manufactured goods and our farm products but cannot buy them be cause they are penniless. Plain? hard, common business sense --that is what is needed in public af fairs. The proposal for disarmament means that we shall stop squandering billions on militarism and invest those billions in putting the world back on a self-supporting basis, so that the farmer can sell his wheat and cotton, our factories can sell their surplus products and the wholesome process of profitable trading shall again leap back to life. The world doesn't want battleships it wants bread. St Louis Post Dispatch. We reproduce the above editorial from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and ask our readers to read it. It deals with disarmament of nations. The people are, not clamoring for more battleships or armament. They are clamoring for bread and a lasting peace. The adoption of the League of Nations means that nations go to gether and agree to disarm, and when the Nations disarm, the danger of the horrors of future wars has been re moved. That is one of the things the League of Nations provides for. But during the political campaign last summer and fall the people were frightened by the lies told by the pro fessional politicians and published by unscrupulous and partistn newspapers They succeeded in making the people believe the falsehood they told. But now comes another day the day for maligning the President and abusing the Democratic administration is now past. A new deal is on. It is up to the Republican politicians to render an account of themselves. They can no longer play the game of the carp ing critic Neither can they shield themselves longer behind the "anna mas' curtain. It is service they must render. . . of the exhaustion of their human en ergy in needless wars. Modern his tory is but a repetition of the past. Turkey, once a great empire, has dwindled to a feeble remnant of her former greatness. Russia, because of war, is today a land of poverty and misery, and all nations that took part in the great world war are groaning beneath burdens of debt and misery that might have been avoidede by a reasonabel adjustment of their dif ferences, and still war and prepara tions for war are going on all over the world. The great struggle of the past five years should have served as an object lesson ol numan lolly; but the preda tory nature of human kind serves to perpetuate a system that all recog nize to be an evil; yet the nations cannot arrive at a basis of an agree ment that will relieve the world of its burden. Today America is in trouble be cause of war. She is faced with a debt that is staggering and a tax that is a hardship. She collected in the fiscal year 1920 an income tax of $5,' 40!,076.0C8. which is necessarily pass ed along to the people, and means a tax of $51.55 on every one of the 105,000,000 men,, women and children in the United States. This vast sum, according to computations made by the Washington Star, would build more than 2,500,000 cottages that would house more than 13.000,000 peo ple. If cashed into silver dollars and placed edgo to edge the row would ex tend 128,032 miles or around the earth more than three times, and to haul the load would require 33.804 trucks, making a line 96 miles in length, or 5,634 flat cars and 141 lo comotives, and the train would reach 43 miles. If the vast sum was in dol lar bills it would weigh 15,244,225 pounds and would load 135 freight cars. Placed end to end these bills would1 reach 628,837 miles, or 27 times around the globe. If Father Adam had started working upon the first day of his life, 7,00 years ago, at $1.17 per minute or $88.16 per hour, without Sundays or holidays off or stopping to eat or sleep, he would still have 80 years more to work before he would have earned enough to pay our 1919 tax bill, which if deposited in a bank at 4 per cent, interest would amount to 40 times the principle before the cashier could count it." This is what comes to us as a result of war, and the end is not yet, for we must go on paying and working and sacrificing to pay an enormous tax every year until the principle has dis appeared. War preparations are still going on and we must supply the mon ey to build and equip ships of war, arm our soldiers and sailors, build fortifications and support the whole military institution, besides other necessary functions of the govern ment. Let us have peace ajid total dis armament at the very earliest possi ble moment, not only in America but the world. One nation cannot discard its military system and exist. All na tions must agree to a simultaneous disarmament. Without guns they cannot fight; but withoiit a military and naval system they can prosper and develop along the lines of the highest ideals. Ex. TO EAT OR NOT TO EAT? YES, WE NEED THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS War has cost the nations of the world more than half their produc tive energy. It has put an end to .i . i j i : T. i uynasues ana to nuuuns. it nas in volved prosperous nations in the com mon ruin, end brought needless mis ery to untold millions of people. It has burdened this nation with a debt that generations unborn will struggle to pay and pass along to their chil dren. ': ' Needless war has reversed progress and set the nationn of the world back for apes. Tint great m.tion3 of an tiquity went down to decay because Consider the case of a man who must get his living from the soil. When he should be plowing he sits in the shade of the barn and tinkers with a device to poilsh finger nails. When he should be planting he toils pa tiently to perfect a rocking-chair that will play a tune. When he should be harvesting he sits on the fence and whines because his stomach is empty. An odd character, su.ely. He is America. America is going to town, where it can see tiie show windows and revel in the sight of other peolpe's wealth. And as the tovvnward march continues the sound of the dinner bell grews faint and tie land is filled with an agonized wail from restaurant pa trons. T.;e situation is not yet des perate, but it is serious enough to at tract attention. The farmer works hard. His task requires both intelligence and brawn. He earns prosperity. . At present he takes the price he can get; when he will, he can get the price he is willing to take. If the country were on the verge of starvation and all the fields were fal low while men huddled in cities to tend machines, the growing of food might become a matter of patriotism, and tho Government might call volunteers to guide plows.. But at present each man feels free to look out for himself, and if he wishes to quit the farm to get more of profit and pleasure in town, he feels that it is nobody's bus- j iness but his own. If other people ob-1 ject to his action, let them hold their j peace and take the place he vacates. I we assume that men quit the farm because they long for the sight of brightly lighted streets, for show places, for crowds of well-dressed people and for shorter hours of labor. The assumption is not wholly correct. If the farmer could make one hunrded dollars on the farm in the time re quired to make one dollar in the city, neither the crowds nor the bright lights would tempt him to quit his fields. . Nor does the matter of hours serve as a sufficient explanation of his de sire to migrate. Shorter hours inter est those whose reward is fixed. If one is assured ten dollars the day and knows that he can get no more, any dream of betterinsr his condition will have to do with lessening the effort iequhed to get the ten dollars. He may ask that his hours of labor be re duced to six or four or two. But if the chop in which he labors belongs ta him and his reward depends en cirely upon the. quantity of his out put, he will be ready to fiprht if an ef fort is made to reduce the number of his working hours. The farmer works long hours during a portion of ; the year. His common sense does not permit him to waste good day light when the ground is right for plowing. The soil may bake and become . too hard, or rain may keep him fretting within doors. The seasons do not wait for him. But if fco labors long -luring one season, he finds many hours ti hcusuvs in another. His l.fe ia not without its compensations. It is the desire for money and the things money can buy that takes men from the farm this, and nothing more. When rushed to California and to Alaska in search of gold, they took no thoughts of discomforts. They did not ask for short hours or light tasks. If the Government should offer a- flat salary of ten thousand dollars a year to men willing to quit the city and take charge of farms, would there be an idle acre in America? There would not! Money that's all. One of two things will happen: Either the consumer who does not pro duce food will pay a greater propor tion of his earnings for victuals, and thus suffer for the benefit of the farm er; of the farmer will quit his thank less task and join the ranks of the consumers, and there remain until an increased price of food tempts him back to the farm. If we expect to continue indulgence in the habit of eat ing we must arrange for a supply of victuals. For the most part, the ar rangement must consist in propagan da. For the most part, the propagan da must consist in greenbacks. Sat urday Evening Post. VALUABLE PREMIUMS OFFERED AT HAM AND BACON SHOW The Missouri State Board of Ag riculture has again set aside $150 to be awarded in premiums on the best country-cured hams and bacon, country-cured shoulders, fresh, smoked and fancy country sausage exhibited at the seventh annual Mis souri Ham and Bacon Show to be held during Farmers' Week, at the University of Missouri College of Ag riculture, January 17-21, 1921. No entry fee is charged and every Mis souri farmer is urged to compete. En tries are limited to meat made on Missouri farms. The following premiums will be given to the winners in this exhibit: Class 1 Best home-cured ham old or made in the fall of 1920: first, $25; second, $15; third, $10. Class 2 Best home-cured country bacon, old or made in the fall of 1920: first, $25; second, $15; third, $10. Class 3 Best home-cured country shoulders, old or made in the fall of 1920, but must show reasonable cure: first, $12.50; second, $7.50. Class 4 Best fresh country sausage (two pounds): first, $6; second, $4. Class 5 Best smoked or other cur ed country sausage, shown in jars, sacks or casings: first, $6; secondfi $4. Class 6 Best fancy sausage (two pounds): first, $6; second, $4. Class 7 Best exhibit of meat in the above classes from one county: trophy, value lot). for information regarding entries and premium list write Secretary Board of Agriculture. Jefferson City. MO. AFTER THOUGHTS OFA . CHRISTMAS SERMON Even though I like my work, it was with relief that I closed the little white school house door for the holidays and started on my homeward trip from Lincoln county which included a stop over Sunday in St. Louis. Of course it was a treat to visit one of the famous churches and listen to the Christmas sermon which had many (to some people) new and rath er startling ideas, .such as: Had God a greater purpose in sending Christ than to save from a great abyss of sin? A greater meaning than a de liverer discovered. Why did Christ die? To appease an angry God? Not so, to reconcile humanity to God. "Other religions have been better in their beginnings than in their endings but the Christian religion grows in greatness all the time, but neverthe less God has spoken through all re ligions and to people who have never heard of Jesus." During the services a letter from a missionary in China was read stating the famine stricken condition of that land. The people eating leaves, sticks and dirt. An incident was told in con- nection with this, of a man who in some unaccountable manner had ob tained a savory piece of meat ; and cooked it appetizingly and put poison in it and after he and all the family had eaten heartily of it he told them what he had done. After this reading came an appeal from the pastor for help. Instantly the enjoyment of the wonderful music and warm soft lights, the evidently paid choir and director of orchestra, the beantiful pianist, whose hair dresser had evidently received a large fee. ceased and I wondered why in this far-off land God's children were enjoying Me like this and in that far-off land there is such suffering among uod s people there. I also wondered if God wouldn't have received our songs of worship more graciously if we had just opened our mouths and sung the best we could and combed our own hair and have given our services freely and willing ly and have sent the money saved to our less fortunate brethren at home and across the seas. I'm afraid this world needs remod eling somewhere. I have been in hopes the recent war would help but it seems there :s nothing that will be really ef fective until every responsible person practices Christ's teachings as well or Detter tnan they preach them. F. E. B. AMERICAN SOCIALISTS AND MULTI-MILLIONAIRES IN THE SAME BED. Seventy-five labor organizations representing a half million Workers in New l ork City voted resolutions In favor of the United States entering in to trade relations with Soviet Russia. Showing that labor is entirely swayed by sentimental and that truths and facts have nothing to do with the thing when they dip into matters that are not personal to themselves. Italy's workingmen -were just like these New York labor resoluters and 30 the Italian government ordered trade to begin with Rusia forthwith. A shipload of goods was dispatched to Russia, in payment Russia returned a steamerload of wheat. The grain was in very poor condition, dirty, part of it rotten and much of it half ruined by moisture. When sorted and grad ed, the price obtained did not begin to pay for the Italian cargo to Russia. No matter. Italy sent another ship of perfectly good merchandise. The return vessel carried what was stated to 1 wheat. But the cargo was liber ally mixed with broken glass; it con tained many tons of brick-dust and chips, and the grain was filled with the worst kind of unmentionable filth. The thing was done deliberately. Russian Bolshevism didn't propose to pay for what it got and made no bones about it. The action towards the Italian goods was perfectly in accord with the policy of the present Russian government. It is in contempt of the world and is only asking for trade with the nations in order to express its contempt of those nations in box-car letters later on. The other day, the Russian Soviet foreign office gave orders to his rep resentative in the United -States to cancel all contracts here. At once a few American multi-millionaires who had secretly negotiated big deals with the Soviet government got busy and in a few days they had made "trade with Russia" an issue for Mr. Harding's new administration. And the labor Socialists second the motion. Ye Gods; Socialists and multi-millionaires in alliance! Isn't na ture wonderful ? DON'T PLAY WITH SORE THROATS; DIPH- THERIA IS OUT AGAIN HOW HOGVILLE STARTED Hogvllle started on pretty much the same plan as all other towns. Away back yandcr some fellow decided to start a store, and pretty soon then some other fellow decided he would like to live close to the store and built a houso to live in. Soon other people decided t"::cy wanted to be a neighbor or tins man ana they built houses and moved in and it has continued on down the line one thing calling for another util today in this progressive The old terror of the home, the de stroyer that comes with hurricane swiftness and brings dismay and grief is rearing its ugly head again in the land. DIPHTHERIA. Diphtheria the dreadful. The use of anti-toxins brought the death rate down during the last 12 years from the 60 and 70 percentages to as low as 8 and 10 per cent And at that, most of those who died were the victims of slow diagnosis or total failure to apply the saving anti-toxin. We wont' argue one way or another on the vexed vaccination question all we know is that when 60 and 70 in a hundred died before anti-dinh- theria toxin was discovered, the rate has fallen as low as 8. In 1919, the diphtheria death rate in the United States was 11.4. In 1910 it as 18. The lack of strict quarantine, carelessness, failure to take action when cases were young all these are the cause of the in crease. Unless people wake up and act promptly; unless the health of ficers everywhere are watchful and act decisively, it is very probable that we will have a widespread outbreak of this fearful disease in 1921. This paper urges the peolpe of this community to take no chances with the grim destroyer in the coming months. Don't let sore throats go for an hour not to speak of a day. Don't diag nose tnem yourself. Uon t let your children diagnose them. Get a phy sician in at all hazards and at the earliest possible moment. Doctors, we urge you to take no chances. When in doubt, give the an ti-toxin. Better be safe than sorry. FARMERS WEEK WILL HAVE VITALLY INTERESTING WORK IN FRUIT CULTURE WeireWIpsdl wk Today IF petroleum were wiped out . today, factories would close their doors, agricultural machinery could no longer be made 'or operated, food could be raised only by primitive methods, and the transportation of food would be con fined to horse power and water, for rail roads could no longer run their trains, and before any adjustment could be made our great urban population would liter . , ally be starved to death. The prosperity of all industrial nations is based upon petroleum. ' The peak from which floats the flag that sym bolizes. the prosperity of the United Statec arises from a basic foundation of crude oil. The underlying foundation of this prosperity is lubricating oil, for without this esaential product of petroleum, the machinery of the world would -stop and the world's reserve of lubricating oils, though vast in volume, would last but a few weeks at our present rate of consumption. The next essential factor is kerosene and gaso line, for without the first, one half of the popu lation of the world would be without light et night, and without the second, all types of in ternal combustion engines would be useless, and the automobile, tractor, truck, marine and avia tion engine would be mere curiosities. If lubricating oil, kerosene, and gasoline were available, but the hundreds of by-products made from the residue of petroleum were wiped out, many industries would be closed and unemploy ment would be general, for in nearly every in- dustry one or more of these by-products are necessary in the manufacturing processes. Thus is visualized by an extreme presentation purely imaginative of what might happen if petroleum, or any of its major derivatives, were wiped out over night Also it shows the im portance of the work the Standard Oil Com , pany (Indiana) is doing in helping supply one of the basic economic needs of the nation, and ' emphasizes the importance of the service the Company renders in promoting the comfort, health, and happiness of the individual citizen. Standard Oil Company (Indiana) 910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago 2366 4. Are you troubled with insomnia ? Why? 5. Did you withdraw anv money from the bank during the past year' Where did you get it to put it in? 6. Does your wife play the piano?. . .... What effect does this have on your rent? 7. Are you a light eater or heavy?. . ... it neavy, state how and why. . 8. Has your yearly exoendituVe for rent increased since the shortage of houses prevents frequent moving f .... 9. Are you on friendly terms with your relations ? Why ? 10. If possible give the name of someone less intelligent than yourself, yet making more salary 11. State average monthly grocery bill and payments if any. ........... 12. State briefly (no profanity al lowed) what your wife thinks of be ing married IS. Do you drink, and where do yon get it? (This information will be treated as confidential) 14. Exclusive of bartenders, how many people depend on your for sup port? 15. Do you keep chickens? Does, your wife know about it? 16. Does your wife take in, washing to help support the family ?.......... Have you suggested this to her?.... If so, state results and name of hos The Horticulture Department of the University of Missouri College of Ag riculture, will devote the first two days of Farmers' Week, January 17 and 21, to orchard pests and their control. Members of the faculty of this department together with manu facturers of spraying materials will give every service to the farmers in the way of information as to the use of the machinery for" spraying and the kind of material to be used in the extermination of each pest. It is doubtful if any orchards in tht, State are producing their best. Care lessness in the control of destructive agents results in millions of dollars of loss annually in fruit production. Everyone is urged on these two days of Farmers' Week to come to the Horticulture building and see the I demonstrations and hear the lectures vn now to ria tnemseives oi iruu pests. A most complete display of fruit and vegetables from other states as well as Missouri is being arranged. Horti culturists have repeatedly told of the possibilities of fruit production in Missouri with its superior adaptations for frut culture. The Horticulture Department is in possession of a vast amount of information which will in- arre we have a blacksmith shop, a poet-! create the production and quality of office, a postmaster, a grocery store, m Missouri many fold and xs a i iudluur Kami, a Civic Improve- ment Society (all women), the Wild Rc?e school house., two splendid moon- smne stills near town, winch were successfully operated until recently; a Mail Carrier; the Old Miser, who is to Hogvilla about what Wall Street is to -New York City; Gape Alison, Miss letunia Balcher end many other aw pets too numerous to mention. Taken all in all, tho history of this town is about tho same as all other towns. The town could have amounted to a grant j iifiu more uimi H is nau our people waited it to. anxious to lend its services free to ev eryone interested in the cultivation of this product. IF SO, WHY? The Signal of LeaksviHo, S. 0., pub lishes the iollowing: , ' Some Questionnaire. . 1. Are you married or single ?...... Why? 2. Do iou drink near-beer?. .-. . . . . Why? " lift.-. J. Jt v j a St. Louis Globe-Democrat Prints the Authentic, Unbiased Record of Every Home and Foreign News Event Every Day Its News Gather ing Organization Covers the Earth. In These Stirring Days, with So Much News of Vital Importance,' Can You Afford to Be Without the "Old ReliaHe" Globe-Democrat?' In addition to printing all the news of all the world, the Globe-Democrat offers you its famed Editorial page, its always good continued story, its many special daily -features for women, and the home, photographs of news events, daily comic cartoons and many other splendid features. , For Only 2 2-5 Cents a Day You Can Have It Mailed To Your Home Six Days a Week or, Get Up a Club and It's Even Cheaper. ' Today, no high-class Metropolitan newspaper can pos sibly be laid down in your home for less money than we charge. 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