THIS t ARMINGTON TIMES. FARMTNGTON. MISSOURI. JANUARY 14, 1921
KOT BATTLESHIPS, BUT BREAD
The year 1920 has failed tragically
to make any progress towards peace,
but the closing weeks, at least, have
witnessed a movement for a curtail
ment of military expenditures, initia
ted in the United States by Senator
Borah's resolutions proposing that the
United Stutes, Great Britain and Ja
pan enter upon a five-year agreement
for reduced naval construction. The
Borah resolution might possibly have
passed out as only an amiable gesture,
had it not been galvanized into a par
amount issue by the New York
World's vigorous disarmament cam
paign, which has secured for the idea
the indorsement of representative
spokesmen of many nations, and mo
bilized, in addition, a considerable
There is nothing sentimental in the
proposal for a drastic reduction in na
val plans and programs. The vision
ary's benediction of pax vobiscum is
not its inspiration. . It. is a sternly
practical proposition. The nations
cannot afford to spend money on na
vies and armies. There is a far more
pressing demand upon their resources
the demand of strangulated trade,
stagnant business, silent factories, un
employment, national insolvency, and
whole peoples starving and lacking
the means, of producing food.
The destitution of Middle Europe is
appalling, and its blight has flung an
economic shadow across the world.
Those nations are the wards of na
tions more fortunately placed,
though the circumstances of all the
nations, excepting our own, are close
to bankruptcy. The duty of guardian-
ship thrust upon the nations that are
still "going concerns" is not to be un
dertaken in a spirit of philanthropy.
It is a matter of stupendous business
magnitude and importance to us and
to the other nations that Middle Eu
rope shall be enabled to earn its own
way as soon as possible and again
contribute to, and participate in, the
world's prosperity. Until that is done
there can be no sound prosperity any
where. In view of that obvious fact.
it baffles understanding how the
statesmanship of any nation can au
thorize the spending on navies of bil
lions which should be applied to re
constructing the world.
The situation in its entirety clearly
shows that the people must interest
themselves in the management of their
public affairs, -not merely as a matter
of good citizenship but as a matter of
self-preservation. Today at Wash
ington our legislators are fatuously
trying to relieve the farmer by a slo
venly bit of tariff tinkering. They
might just as well consult the ouija
board. The so-called emergency tar
iff bill will accomplish nothing for
the farmer. Already other lines of
I i. . i . : s. i .
. uiuueu-y a. iv protesting lu Automo
bile manufacturers fear that other na
tions will retaliate by putting a oro
hibitive tax on our products that we
put on theirs. Their fears are well
founded. Notice to that effect has
already been served on us. Even the
steel industry, once the most clamor
ous of aH for tariff privileges, shares
the apprehension of the automobile
people and joins them in saying that
American industry needs markets,
The farmer is in the same situation
as the automobile or steel manufac
turer. The farmer needs markets for
nis products, tie cannot prosper
without markets. How are we to get
markets! Maniiestly we cant vet
them by making trade imposisble.
We can't get them by trusting blind
ly to the magic of antiquated tariff
legislation. We can, only get markets
by cutting out every unnecessary,
avoidable expenditure and employing
our money in the rehabilitation of the
nations and peoples who need our
manufactured goods and our farm
products but cannot buy them be
cause they are penniless.
Plain? hard, common business sense
--that is what is needed in public af
fairs. The proposal for disarmament
means that we shall stop squandering
billions on militarism and invest
those billions in putting the world
back on a self-supporting basis, so
that the farmer can sell his wheat and
cotton, our factories can sell their
surplus products and the wholesome
process of profitable trading shall
again leap back to life.
The world doesn't want battleships
it wants bread. St Louis Post
Dispatch. We reproduce the above editorial
from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and
ask our readers to read it. It deals
with disarmament of nations. The
people are, not clamoring for more
battleships or armament. They are
clamoring for bread and a lasting
peace. The adoption of the League
of Nations means that nations go to
gether and agree to disarm, and when
the Nations disarm, the danger of the
horrors of future wars has been re
moved. That is one of the things the
League of Nations provides for. But
during the political campaign last
summer and fall the people were
frightened by the lies told by the pro
fessional politicians and published by
unscrupulous and partistn newspapers
They succeeded in making the people
believe the falsehood they told. But
now comes another day the day for
maligning the President and abusing
the Democratic administration is now
past. A new deal is on. It is up to
the Republican politicians to render
an account of themselves. They can
no longer play the game of the carp
ing critic Neither can they shield
themselves longer behind the "anna
mas' curtain. It is service they must
render. . .
of the exhaustion of their human en
ergy in needless wars. Modern his
tory is but a repetition of the past.
Turkey, once a great empire, has
dwindled to a feeble remnant of her
former greatness. Russia, because of
war, is today a land of poverty and
misery, and all nations that took part
in the great world war are groaning
beneath burdens of debt and misery
that might have been avoidede by a
reasonabel adjustment of their dif
ferences, and still war and prepara
tions for war are going on all over
The great struggle of the past five
years should have served as an object
lesson ol numan lolly; but the preda
tory nature of human kind serves to
perpetuate a system that all recog
nize to be an evil; yet the nations
cannot arrive at a basis of an agree
ment that will relieve the world of its
Today America is in trouble be
cause of war. She is faced with a
debt that is staggering and a tax that
is a hardship. She collected in the
fiscal year 1920 an income tax of $5,'
40!,076.0C8. which is necessarily pass
ed along to the people, and means a
tax of $51.55 on every one of the
105,000,000 men,, women and children
in the United States. This vast sum,
according to computations made by
the Washington Star, would build
more than 2,500,000 cottages that
would house more than 13.000,000 peo
ple. If cashed into silver dollars and
placed edgo to edge the row would ex
tend 128,032 miles or around the
earth more than three times, and to
haul the load would require 33.804
trucks, making a line 96 miles in
length, or 5,634 flat cars and 141 lo
comotives, and the train would reach
43 miles. If the vast sum was in dol
lar bills it would weigh 15,244,225
pounds and would load 135 freight
cars. Placed end to end these bills
would1 reach 628,837 miles, or 27 times
around the globe. If Father Adam had
started working upon the first day of
his life, 7,00 years ago, at $1.17 per
minute or $88.16 per hour, without
Sundays or holidays off or stopping to
eat or sleep, he would still have 80
years more to work before he would
have earned enough to pay our 1919
tax bill, which if deposited in a bank
at 4 per cent, interest would amount
to 40 times the principle before the
cashier could count it."
This is what comes to us as a result
of war, and the end is not yet, for we
must go on paying and working and
sacrificing to pay an enormous tax
every year until the principle has dis
appeared. War preparations are still
going on and we must supply the mon
ey to build and equip ships of war,
arm our soldiers and sailors, build
fortifications and support the whole
military institution, besides other
necessary functions of the govern
ment. Let us have peace ajid total dis
armament at the very earliest possi
ble moment, not only in America but
the world. One nation cannot discard
its military system and exist. All na
tions must agree to a simultaneous
disarmament. Without guns they
cannot fight; but withoiit a military
and naval system they can prosper
and develop along the lines of the
highest ideals. Ex.
TO EAT OR NOT TO EAT?
YES, WE NEED THE
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
War has cost the nations of the
world more than half their produc
tive energy. It has put an end to
.i . i j i : T. i
uynasues ana to nuuuns. it nas in
volved prosperous nations in the com
mon ruin, end brought needless mis
ery to untold millions of people. It
has burdened this nation with a debt
that generations unborn will struggle
to pay and pass along to their chil
dren. ': '
Needless war has reversed progress
and set the nationn of the world back
for apes. Tint great m.tion3 of an
tiquity went down to decay because
Consider the case of a man who
must get his living from the soil.
When he should be plowing he sits in
the shade of the barn and tinkers with
a device to poilsh finger nails. When
he should be planting he toils pa
tiently to perfect a rocking-chair that
will play a tune. When he should be
harvesting he sits on the fence and
whines because his stomach is empty.
An odd character, su.ely. He is
America is going to town, where it
can see tiie show windows and revel in
the sight of other peolpe's wealth.
And as the tovvnward march continues
the sound of the dinner bell grews
faint and tie land is filled with an
agonized wail from restaurant pa
trons. T.;e situation is not yet des
perate, but it is serious enough to at
The farmer works hard. His task
requires both intelligence and brawn.
He earns prosperity. . At present he
takes the price he can get; when he
will, he can get the price he is willing
If the country were on the verge of
starvation and all the fields were fal
low while men huddled in cities to tend
machines, the growing of food might
become a matter of patriotism, and
tho Government might call volunteers
to guide plows.. But at present each
man feels free to look out for himself,
and if he wishes to quit the farm to
get more of profit and pleasure in
town, he feels that it is nobody's bus- j
iness but his own. If other people ob-1
ject to his action, let them hold their j
peace and take the place he vacates. I
we assume that men quit the farm
because they long for the sight of
brightly lighted streets, for show
places, for crowds of well-dressed
people and for shorter hours of labor.
The assumption is not wholly correct.
If the farmer could make one hunrded
dollars on the farm in the time re
quired to make one dollar in the city,
neither the crowds nor the bright
lights would tempt him to quit his
Nor does the matter of hours serve
as a sufficient explanation of his de
sire to migrate. Shorter hours inter
est those whose reward is fixed. If
one is assured ten dollars the day and
knows that he can get no more, any
dream of betterinsr his condition will
have to do with lessening the effort
iequhed to get the ten dollars. He
may ask that his hours of labor be re
duced to six or four or two. But if
the chop in which he labors belongs
ta him and his reward depends en
cirely upon the. quantity of his out
put, he will be ready to fiprht if an ef
fort is made to reduce the number of
his working hours. The farmer works
long hours during a portion of ; the
year. His common sense does not
permit him to waste good day light
when the ground is right for plowing.
The soil may bake and become . too
hard, or rain may keep him fretting
within doors. The seasons do not
wait for him. But if fco labors long
-luring one season, he finds many hours
ti hcusuvs in another. His l.fe ia not
without its compensations.
It is the desire for money and the
things money can buy that takes men
from the farm this, and nothing
more. When rushed to California and
to Alaska in search of gold, they took
no thoughts of discomforts. They did
not ask for short hours or light tasks.
If the Government should offer a- flat
salary of ten thousand dollars a year
to men willing to quit the city and
take charge of farms, would there be
an idle acre in America? There
would not! Money that's all.
One of two things will happen:
Either the consumer who does not pro
duce food will pay a greater propor
tion of his earnings for victuals, and
thus suffer for the benefit of the farm
er; of the farmer will quit his thank
less task and join the ranks of the
consumers, and there remain until an
increased price of food tempts him
back to the farm. If we expect to
continue indulgence in the habit of eat
ing we must arrange for a supply of
victuals. For the most part, the ar
rangement must consist in propagan
da. For the most part, the propagan
da must consist in greenbacks. Sat
urday Evening Post.
VALUABLE PREMIUMS OFFERED
AT HAM AND BACON SHOW
The Missouri State Board of Ag
riculture has again set aside $150
to be awarded in premiums on the
best country-cured hams and bacon,
country-cured shoulders, fresh,
smoked and fancy country sausage
exhibited at the seventh annual Mis
souri Ham and Bacon Show to be
held during Farmers' Week, at the
University of Missouri College of Ag
riculture, January 17-21, 1921. No
entry fee is charged and every Mis
souri farmer is urged to compete. En
tries are limited to meat made on
The following premiums will be
given to the winners in this exhibit:
Class 1 Best home-cured ham old
or made in the fall of 1920: first, $25;
second, $15; third, $10.
Class 2 Best home-cured country
bacon, old or made in the fall of 1920:
first, $25; second, $15; third, $10.
Class 3 Best home-cured country
shoulders, old or made in the fall of
1920, but must show reasonable cure:
first, $12.50; second, $7.50.
Class 4 Best fresh country sausage
(two pounds): first, $6; second, $4.
Class 5 Best smoked or other cur
ed country sausage, shown in jars,
sacks or casings: first, $6; secondfi $4.
Class 6 Best fancy sausage (two
pounds): first, $6; second, $4.
Class 7 Best exhibit of meat in the
above classes from one county: trophy,
for information regarding entries
and premium list write Secretary
Board of Agriculture. Jefferson City.
AFTER THOUGHTS OFA
. CHRISTMAS SERMON
Even though I like my work, it was
with relief that I closed the little white
school house door for the holidays and
started on my homeward trip from
Lincoln county which included a stop
over Sunday in St. Louis.
Of course it was a treat to visit one
of the famous churches and listen to
the Christmas sermon which had
many (to some people) new and rath
er startling ideas, .such as: Had God
a greater purpose in sending Christ
than to save from a great abyss of
sin? A greater meaning than a de
liverer discovered. Why did Christ
die? To appease an angry God? Not
so, to reconcile humanity to God.
"Other religions have been better in
their beginnings than in their endings
but the Christian religion grows in
greatness all the time, but neverthe
less God has spoken through all re
ligions and to people who have never
heard of Jesus."
During the services a letter from a
missionary in China was read stating
the famine stricken condition of that
land. The people eating leaves, sticks
and dirt. An incident was told in con-
nection with this, of a man who in
some unaccountable manner had ob
tained a savory piece of meat ; and
cooked it appetizingly and put poison
in it and after he and all the family
had eaten heartily of it he told them
what he had done.
After this reading came an appeal
from the pastor for help.
Instantly the enjoyment of the
wonderful music and warm soft lights,
the evidently paid choir and director of
orchestra, the beantiful pianist, whose
hair dresser had evidently received
a large fee. ceased and I wondered
why in this far-off land God's children
were enjoying Me like this and in that
far-off land there is such suffering
among uod s people there.
I also wondered if God wouldn't
have received our songs of worship
more graciously if we had just opened
our mouths and sung the best we could
and combed our own hair and have
given our services freely and willing
ly and have sent the money saved to
our less fortunate brethren at home
and across the seas.
I'm afraid this world needs remod
eling somewhere. I have been in hopes
the recent war would help but it seems
there :s nothing that will be really ef
fective until every responsible person
practices Christ's teachings as well or
Detter tnan they preach them.
F. E. B.
AMERICAN SOCIALISTS AND
THE SAME BED.
Seventy-five labor organizations
representing a half million Workers in
New l ork City voted resolutions In
favor of the United States entering in
to trade relations with Soviet Russia.
Showing that labor is entirely
swayed by sentimental and that truths
and facts have nothing to do with the
thing when they dip into matters that
are not personal to themselves.
Italy's workingmen -were just like
these New York labor resoluters and
30 the Italian government ordered
trade to begin with Rusia forthwith.
A shipload of goods was dispatched to
Russia, in payment Russia returned
a steamerload of wheat. The grain
was in very poor condition, dirty, part
of it rotten and much of it half ruined
by moisture. When sorted and grad
ed, the price obtained did not begin to
pay for the Italian cargo to Russia.
No matter. Italy sent another ship
of perfectly good merchandise. The
return vessel carried what was stated
to 1 wheat. But the cargo was liber
ally mixed with broken glass; it con
tained many tons of brick-dust and
chips, and the grain was filled with the
worst kind of unmentionable filth.
The thing was done deliberately.
Russian Bolshevism didn't propose to
pay for what it got and made no bones
The action towards the Italian goods
was perfectly in accord with the policy
of the present Russian government.
It is in contempt of the world and is
only asking for trade with the nations
in order to express its contempt of
those nations in box-car letters later
The other day, the Russian Soviet
foreign office gave orders to his rep
resentative in the United -States to
cancel all contracts here. At once a
few American multi-millionaires who
had secretly negotiated big deals with
the Soviet government got busy and in
a few days they had made "trade with
Russia" an issue for Mr. Harding's
And the labor Socialists second the
motion. Ye Gods; Socialists and multi-millionaires
in alliance! Isn't na
ture wonderful ?
DON'T PLAY WITH
SORE THROATS; DIPH-
THERIA IS OUT AGAIN
HOW HOGVILLE STARTED
Hogvllle started on pretty much the
same plan as all other towns. Away
back yandcr some fellow decided to
start a store, and pretty soon then
some other fellow decided he would
like to live close to the store and built
a houso to live in. Soon other people
decided t"::cy wanted to be a neighbor
or tins man ana they built houses
and moved in and it has continued on
down the line one thing calling for
another util today in this progressive
The old terror of the home, the de
stroyer that comes with hurricane
swiftness and brings dismay and grief
is rearing its ugly head again in the
land. DIPHTHERIA. Diphtheria the
The use of anti-toxins brought the
death rate down during the last 12
years from the 60 and 70 percentages
to as low as 8 and 10 per cent And
at that, most of those who died were
the victims of slow diagnosis or total
failure to apply the saving anti-toxin.
We wont' argue one way or another
on the vexed vaccination question
all we know is that when 60 and 70
in a hundred died before anti-dinh-
theria toxin was discovered, the rate
has fallen as low as 8.
In 1919, the diphtheria death rate
in the United States was 11.4. In
1910 it as 18. The lack of strict
quarantine, carelessness, failure to
take action when cases were young
all these are the cause of the in
crease. Unless people wake up and
act promptly; unless the health of
ficers everywhere are watchful and
act decisively, it is very probable that
we will have a widespread outbreak of
this fearful disease in 1921.
This paper urges the peolpe of this
community to take no chances with the
grim destroyer in the coming months.
Don't let sore throats go for an hour
not to speak of a day. Don't diag
nose tnem yourself. Uon t let your
children diagnose them. Get a phy
sician in at all hazards and at the
earliest possible moment.
Doctors, we urge you to take no
chances. When in doubt, give the an
ti-toxin. Better be safe than sorry.
FARMERS WEEK WILL HAVE
VITALLY INTERESTING WORK
IN FRUIT CULTURE
IF petroleum were wiped out . today,
factories would close their doors,
agricultural machinery could no
longer be made 'or operated, food could
be raised only by primitive methods, and
the transportation of food would be con
fined to horse power and water, for rail
roads could no longer run their trains,
and before any adjustment could be made
our great urban population would liter
. , ally be starved to death.
The prosperity of all industrial nations is
based upon petroleum. '
The peak from which floats the flag that sym
bolizes. the prosperity of the United Statec arises
from a basic foundation of crude oil.
The underlying foundation of this prosperity is
lubricating oil, for without this esaential product
of petroleum, the machinery of the world would -stop
and the world's reserve of lubricating oils,
though vast in volume, would last but a few
weeks at our present rate of consumption.
The next essential factor is kerosene and gaso
line, for without the first, one half of the popu
lation of the world would be without light et
night, and without the second, all types of in
ternal combustion engines would be useless, and
the automobile, tractor, truck, marine and avia
tion engine would be mere curiosities.
If lubricating oil, kerosene, and gasoline were
available, but the hundreds of by-products made
from the residue of petroleum were wiped out,
many industries would be closed and unemploy
ment would be general, for in nearly every in-
dustry one or more of these by-products are
necessary in the manufacturing processes.
Thus is visualized by an extreme presentation
purely imaginative of what might happen if
petroleum, or any of its major derivatives, were
wiped out over night Also it shows the im
portance of the work the Standard Oil Com
, pany (Indiana) is doing in helping supply one of
the basic economic needs of the nation, and '
emphasizes the importance of the service the
Company renders in promoting the comfort,
health, and happiness of the individual citizen.
Standard Oil Company
910 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago
4. Are you troubled with insomnia ?
5. Did you withdraw anv money
from the bank during the past year'
Where did you get it to put
6. Does your wife play the piano?. .
.... What effect does this have on
7. Are you a light eater or heavy?. .
... it neavy, state how and why. .
8. Has your yearly exoendituVe for
rent increased since the shortage of
houses prevents frequent moving f ....
9. Are you on friendly terms with
your relations ? Why ?
10. If possible give the name of
someone less intelligent than yourself,
yet making more salary
11. State average monthly grocery
bill and payments if any. ...........
12. State briefly (no profanity al
lowed) what your wife thinks of be
IS. Do you drink, and where do yon
get it? (This information will be
treated as confidential)
14. Exclusive of bartenders, how
many people depend on your for sup
port? 15. Do you keep chickens? Does,
your wife know about it?
16. Does your wife take in, washing
to help support the family ?..........
Have you suggested this to her?....
If so, state results and name of hos
The Horticulture Department of the
University of Missouri College of Ag
riculture, will devote the first two
days of Farmers' Week, January 17
and 21, to orchard pests and their
control. Members of the faculty of
this department together with manu
facturers of spraying materials will
give every service to the farmers in
the way of information as to the use
of the machinery for" spraying and
the kind of material to be used in the
extermination of each pest.
It is doubtful if any orchards in tht,
State are producing their best. Care
lessness in the control of destructive
agents results in millions of dollars
of loss annually in fruit production.
Everyone is urged on these two days
of Farmers' Week to come to the
Horticulture building and see the I
demonstrations and hear the lectures
vn now to ria tnemseives oi iruu
A most complete display of fruit and
vegetables from other states as well
as Missouri is being arranged. Horti
culturists have repeatedly told of the
possibilities of fruit production in
Missouri with its superior adaptations
for frut culture. The Horticulture
Department is in possession of a vast
amount of information which will in-
arre we have a blacksmith shop, a poet-! create the production and quality of
office, a postmaster, a grocery store, m Missouri many fold and xs
a i iudluur Kami, a Civic Improve-
ment Society (all women), the Wild
Rc?e school house., two splendid moon-
smne stills near town, winch were
successfully operated until recently;
a Mail Carrier; the Old Miser, who is
to Hogvilla about what Wall Street is
to -New York City; Gape Alison, Miss
letunia Balcher end many other aw
pets too numerous to mention. Taken
all in all, tho history of this town is
about tho same as all other towns. The
town could have amounted to a grant j
iifiu more uimi H is nau our people
waited it to.
anxious to lend its services free to ev
eryone interested in the cultivation of
IF SO, WHY?
The Signal of LeaksviHo, S. 0., pub
lishes the iollowing: , '
Some Questionnaire. .
1. Are you married or single ?......
2. Do iou drink near-beer?. .-. . . . .
" lift.-. J. Jt v j a
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