Newspaper Page Text
THE FARMINGTON TIMES. FARMINGTON, MISSOURI, JANUARY 28. 1921 HAS AMERICA NO ANSWER FOR THIS GERMAN THREAT? While men talk abut (disarmament and fill the newspaper columns with learned discussions as to the wisdom of curtailing our naval program by in ternational agreement, hour by hour me any oi our real disarmament ap proaches, and approaches so stealth ily the great public is in entire ignor ance of the fact. In the next war leaders will laugh at battleships and artillery when they launch their assaults of poison gas and invisible destruction. The ma chinery of warfare has passed into the hands of chemists, and the soothsay ers, in predicting resluts, will look not to stars or entrails, ibut into the teat tubes of the laboratory. An inkling of the truth may he ob tained from a cable dispatch, written by"Wythe Williams, which appeared in the Washington Herald of January 10. Wo quote from it: "There is evidence in Paris, where a large force of dye experts now are gathered to help the reparations com mission, that the German dye attack is to be centered most vigorously upon the United States market. France has a tariff law that enables her to build up her dye industry unmolested, England has a new law, operative Jan. 15, that excludes dyes such as she produces and admits those she does not produce, but which her consumers need. Japan ia taking steps to pro tect her chemical industry. The Unit ed States is the only important nation actually at the mercy o- German chemists. For the. moment America is protected by the War Trade Board, but this barrier will fall when she ends the technical state of war with Ger many. German dve manufacturers, realiz. ing this, are causing the reparations commission much trouble by refusing to produce, except under pressure, the dyes most needed in the United States. They are willing to offer large quanti ties of dyes in competition with the output of the new American dye in dustry, but still are making excuses for failure to produce noncompetitive dyes. Thus they hope to encourage consumers to demand an open market. Also, in this manner, with the excep tion of her 60 years' world monopoly of dye manufacture against five years of American experience, Germany hopes to throttle the American indus try and leave America helpless in this respect should there be another war. "German production of dyes is so closely allied with her production of munitions that a separation is impos sible. Destruction of one would mean the destruction of both. Students of the German proposals now in Paris consider that America is the last hope the Cerman manufacturers have, and they will not give up as long as Amer ica does not protect its dye industry by a law similar to that of Great Britain. They see, further", that real chemical disarmament can be accom plished only by breaking Germany's monopoly of the dye industry and en couraging the building tra of a similar industry In all the countries tit the en tente, and especially in the United States." It is the absolute truth that the "United States is the qnly important nation actually at the mercy of the German chemists." The War Trade Board, which now protects the American dye industry, will go out of existence March 4 un less funds to finance its activities are provided, and it will go out of exist ence anyhow so soon as peace is con cluded. The dye industry, 'therefore', is nearing nour oy nour the day when it will be at the mercy of the Geimans. That will not be long. Private indus try does not possess the power of tax ation and cannot long stand up under heavy financial losses. If there is "no inhibitory legislation, enough dyes can be dumped on our shores within a few months to swamp the market. It is difficult to speak with modera tion of those Senators who have re sorted to the filibuster and every other technical device of legislators to de lay and prevent enactment of the dye bill. Be their motives what they may, the fact remains that their course is exactly the course that is most ac ceptable to the Germans. There is no one thing Berlin more desires than the failure of the Longworth bill. Men who shape their course in Congress so as to support a policy obviously ben eficial to our enemies and destructive to the United States necessarily are objects of suspicion. Men are judged not by their motives, but by the things they do, and when the things they do are fatal to the future well-being of their country, they must expect critr cism. This is more than ever true when they obstruct the majority and employ their technical power of delay to prevent an enactment favored not only by the House of Representatives ana recommended oy the president, but also favored by large majority of the Senate itself. There is history back of this entire situation. The statesmen who went to Paris to write the peace treaty were well aware that a mere physical disarmament of Germany would be a grotesque provision against the later attack by that nation. They favored not merely the destruction of the tier man navy and the disbandment of the German army, but they also expected to compel the Germans to disclose their chemical secrets, vital in war fare, and the dismantlement of huge cnemical works was contemplated. This essential and wise course was prevented by President Wilson, who advanced the idea that the Allies and the United States could adequately protect themselves by building up their own chemical industries, shut ting out the uerman product. He fa' vored compelling the Germans to diS' close their chemical secrets, which they have not done, but he wanted each individual nation to protect it self. , That is what all of the chief Allies and neutral nations have done all ex cept the United States. Over in Eng land the uovernment listened to all the arguments against protection of tne British dye industry and then promptly enacted, last month, the most drastic sort of legislation to as sure absolutely that the German chem ical industry would not ruin that of Great Britain. She carried out the un derstanding that had been reached in Paris. It is more than passing strange however, that every effort to carry out the same understanding in the United States has been prevented by filibus ters or threats of filibusters in the Senate. It is amazing, but it is true. It is a fact that the Germans have not yet yielded up their war method of extracting nitrogen from the air. The methods we have are obsolete, and we know it. But the final Haber process we have not got. It will be got. in one way or another, but it has not yet been got. If gentlemen wish to continue the argument on the dye bill, let them do so, but not with the gates open. The barriers must at least be kept up until denmte decision has been reached. This can be done by passage of a joint resolution extending the authority of the War Trade Board and providing funds wherewith to support it. The Longworth bill itself ought to be passed. It ia the sensible and proper course. But, failing that, the next best course is emergency protection of the chemical industry pending a final decision by the next Congress on a definite national policy. , The absolutely essential character of the dye industry in relation to na tional defense u not a question of con jecture or of theory. It has been demonstrated with mathematical ac curacy, and it can be so demonstrated at any time, before any committee or any jury. Indeed, it is admitted even by the opponents of the Longworth bill. They claim, however, that the in dustry can 'be protected adequately by I tai-itts. ine lacts are all against them, larins are for honest men pure commerce. Control of the Amer lean dye market by the Germans not inherently a commercial undertake ing at all. Germany can afford to give away dyes in America if by so doing sne can destroy tne American dye in dustry. Dyes, with her, is prepared' nesi for war. Dyes, with us, can be nothing else. We would be safer withouc a gun factory in the nation, a powder plant or a warship than without a chemical industry and a- chemical personnel equal to any others on earth. CAN WORKERS CO-OPERATIVE FACTORIES SUCCEED? North Kansas City. Construction well under way of ,000,ooo corn pro ducts plant covering 75 acres; 7 1-2 miles switch tracks completed. Jefferson City. Convict labor to manufacture guide posts for State's unmarked roads, make car license plates and provide material for im proving highways. EAT MORE BREAD 7lKuuieuA ii iii y 1 1 iibi BETTER COFFEE Bread and Coffee If these two items are not the best your meal is disappointing. ASK FOR SQUARE DEAL BREAD BUTTER TOP- y flavor , .The bread with the distinguished Z LOAVES (5c 10c .Extra fancy PEABERRY-SANTOS coffee. I lb. 25c. .3 lbs. ........, COFFEE t fine sweet drinking 70c COFFEE ; 35c lb., 3 lbs. $1.09 GUATAMAI.A If you to not believe you can buy a high grade COFFEE for this price try our SPECIAL GUATAMA LA there's something about this Guatamala you'll ffl fin like. I lb. 35c 3 lbs. $ fiUU COFFEE McKINNEY'S BEST This it . a blend of finest SUMATRA, GUATAMALA and BOGOTA making this the best blend pos sible, these are the best coffees, imported into United 01 States 1 lb 45c, 3 lbs licw Remember the price of these three coffees 25c, 35c and 45c. Try either of them, use it and if not pleased with them we will refund your money ia full. . Can workers' co-operatives succeed as sound business ventures? This is a question which presses for answer as reports of the organization by va rious unions and groups of workers of co-operative lactones increase. Within the past year there have been started by the workers factories for the manufacture of underwear, ho siery nno. overalls, a cigar factory, a piano factory, shoe . factories and clothing shops. ine trade unions called urjon to sun- ply the funds to finance these eo-on- erative producers' factories face at tne present a new danger. A well-thought-out Dian on the nnrt tu u:e Dig aggregations oi business has apparently been launched to "smash the unions." A thing called the "American plan", which ia an other name for the non-union shop, nas come xo tne iront with a , ven geance. Representatives of these or ganizations frankly assert that they are out to destroy unionism. tiw will the new producers' co operative organization wMrili ira springing np in many places fare un der these conditions, considering that they have fared badely in the past a comparatively free field? The union will suffer the first at. tack. ' Its resources will need to he conserved. Its treasury should not v uepivieu.r or us own saiety, as a matter oi expediency and wisdom, the money of the workimr neonle in the trade union treasnry should not he hazarded in co-operative trodurers enterprises at this Darticular ncrin.l in the world's history. ii tne workers' savings rannit be safely invested in uroducurs' enter. prises, where is it safe? The worker is eoine to snenH hia money in some channel or other. The most of it will go for the necessities of life. He has the choice of uione ana Duying these things at re tail from the private merchant, or he can put the money that he is going to spend anyway, along with the money of his neighbors, and with them spend it in the wholesale market." The latter is tne co-operative way. in doing this he need not exDeri ment or wonder what is going to hap pen. ine consumers' co-operative movement is growing in the member ship of its societies and in the emmint of business done, in 24 countries of tne world, with a sweep that seema al most fantastic The form of organi zation is closest to the worker. It this movement his money is invested in what he most needs, and what he has to buy from somebody. ine majority oi industries, which are operated either; by capitalists or oy co-operctive producers, fail; this is their common destinv. The matnrl ty of productive industries operated uy societies oi co-ODeratlve consum. era succeed; their failure is of rare occurrence. This is a momentous fact in tne economic world. XT M a. . - mow j. or uiree-auarters or a. wn. tury the British consumers' co -opera ve movement nas been engaging more and more in production. At present it is carrying on some 65 dif ferent industries. Some of these are on a large scale. Their eicrht flnnr mills at Manchester are the m-eaton flour mills in England. Their shoe lactory. biscuit works, sonn fnatni-ioa ana textile mills, farms, tea and grain piumations, are on a large scale, failure has taken olace in none them. They are all a part of the Co operative Wholesale society, which has behind it 4,000,000 families consumers, patronizing their own'dis' tributive industry to the amount of ov. er a billion dollars a year. These industries succeed because tney are following the one line of ac. tion which is scientific production lor tne Known want or organized con' Burners, under the ownershin and rnn. trol of the oreanized consumers, with the motive of production for service, nut ior prout, as tne underlying prin mere has not been started in Eu. rope or America during this present industrial era any producers' co-operative enterprise which the powers of lupiutnsuc inaustry could not crush out at its will, juot by shutting off the supply of row material. The raw materials and the natural or the world, including coal and trans. portation, are today in the control of the capitalists. In connection with the raw mater ial is the matter of credit. The ptvA. its of industry are controlled by five capitalistic banking syndicates, ac cording to the report of the Puio congressional committee which inves tigated banking. They can shut off tne credit or any producers group in slack times or between the periods of production and the collection upon saies, ana squeeze n out or Dusiness. But consumers' co-operation is much less vulnerable. With the m-ofSt or surplus savings derived from its as sured sales, it can accumulate a ant. ficient reserve to meet the boycott, if necessary, by starting its own nrn. uuutivv enterprises, - , ine product of every shop, except v.ibi uwneo ana run dv tne cc-ouera tive consumers or the socialized gov ernment shop, must be thrown into the market to find Droiblemetiiuil nun chasers. The selling business is as aiuicuit specialty as the producing business. Any one who has watched these developments has seen the in- ducers' co-operative factory go out in to the wordl of competitive business and make a pathetic showing. Any organized craft of wnrli era may adopt certain of the principles of ine nat makers or clothing makers may organize as a consumers' mn. erotive society. They consume hats. They may orjen a store where the nrn. ducts of the capitalistic shops in which they work are sold. They will buy these products for their dwn store in the capitalistic market, ami sell tn themselves. And non-members will also buy in their store. Their distrib utive business grows. The conoumers' society which runs tne store may then start a small fac tory to Droduce for it when ki a1 I have reached a volume to justify such a step. As the sales increase, the fac- tht revere f ibis ia dangerous. Fac j if 1 SZZrsr Ik A KZk3CX Yes .Sir-ee! We made this ciga rette to meet your taste! f uj b m mm ii ML , AMELS have wonder ful full-bodied mellow mildness and a flavor as refreshing as it is new. -' Camels quality and Camels expert blend of choice Turkish and choice Domestic tobaccos win you on merits. Camels blend never tires your taste. And, Camels leave no unpleasant cigaretty aftertaste nor unpleasant cigaretty odor I , What Camels quality and expert blend can mean ro your satisfaction you should find out at once I t will prove our say-so when you compare ' Camels with any cigarette in the world at any price! Canwh mn aoM mntfrnhum In MfcnMr aealMf paekafM mt 30 otmnMmm jr 30 Mnfi; or mi uaeiraJM (300 MmNmI in - .r.ui'u. w mnngiy noammM ttum enmm mt urn m tnwwL R. X REYNOLDS TOBACCO CO. ' VyistosSales,H.C 31 -;1 tory output in excess of guaranteed sales is the capitalistic method and the method of the producers' co-operative factory. By maintaining a distributive business with a member ship of consumers, the product of the factory which the consumers own is disposed of by the scientific co-op- The program is slow and require!?! serious work on the part of the mem bers of the co-operative society. It is not so easy or so spectacular as to take a lot of the workers' money and put it at once into a big manufactur ing plant. But it is the safer and surer way to work today in the midst of competitive capitalism. Such a society with its retail stores and its factories must connect if pos sible with other co-operative societies to become a part of a federation in which other avenues of distribution of its product may be found. But there is one hard thing for the non-co-operative trade unionist to grasp that is, that in all of this organization the interest of the worker as a consumer must dominate the interest of the worker as a producer. He must grasp this because this is the only method at the present time that can work in competition with capitalistic industry. publications of the College of Agricul ture. Mr. Jeffrey, who is a graduate of Cornell College, in Iowa, has been a farmer, a country newspaper man. and associate editor of the Missouri Ruralist As agricultural editor at M. U. HAS NEW AG- R1C17LTURAL EDITOR A. A. Jeffrey of Columbia, for many years a contributor to the editor of farm papers, has been appointed ag ricultural editor at the University of Misoouri. He will have charge of the LUCECY f SimiiE cigarette Its toasted Missouri h succeeds O. W. Weaver, who has become publisher of the Mo nett (Mo.) Journal. IT'S CHAMP WITH K ' WHO GETS COIN The champion who knocks 'em all out is the fighter who "gels his price" for doing the Job. Benny Leonard, lightweight champion knocks 'em out as fast as they come. His knockout of Richie, Mitchell In the sixth round at New York recently after himself hav ing been dropped In the llrsl round marks him as the cham pion he Is Leonard has won six of bis last reven fights by It - O California Plan of Marketing Appeals to Farmers n 5 te w i . v-.a jr text - I II II rr ; mSsssk I ii II 'tlx -V ' . .... i' ' ' Commodity 'marketing as sue Cfsifully launched In CaLtfornia, bids fair to spread Into national practice, as shown by recent ac tion of tho American Farm Bu reau Federation. The plan can ad does apply to all farm com modities. It is a state or national pooling of all products to be sold by expert marketing men ap pointed by the farmers themselves, wbeat growers, com growers wool growers, cotton growers, live stock men. farm Droduce men etc., are to tie so organised, under ine farm Bureau present plans, furnishing the assurance of the highest possible market toall of its members, no matter what tbeir crop may be. Photos show up-, per left: Crowds In western Kan sas at mas meeting on commod-j ity organisation during one of the recent Farm Bureau drftn: rteW C. H. Oustafson. chairman of the grain marketing committee of the Farm Bureau Federation, who re ports Feb. 14 at a Kansas City meeting on the "California plan" to his grain growers. Lower left Activities la the southwest, where the winter onion growers are al ready highly organised and are getting highest price for , their bormteiSa jiBd pearl esioss. .