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The Farmington times. (Farmington, St. Francois County, Mo.) 1905-1926, January 28, 1921, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89066996/1921-01-28/ed-1/seq-2/

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While men talk abut (disarmament
and fill the newspaper columns with
learned discussions as to the wisdom
of curtailing our naval program by in
ternational agreement, hour by hour
me any oi our real disarmament ap
proaches, and approaches so stealth
ily the great public is in entire ignor
ance of the fact.
In the next war leaders will laugh
at battleships and artillery when they
launch their assaults of poison gas
and invisible destruction. The ma
chinery of warfare has passed into the
hands of chemists, and the soothsay
ers, in predicting resluts, will look not
to stars or entrails, ibut into the teat
tubes of the laboratory.
An inkling of the truth may he ob
tained from a cable dispatch, written
by"Wythe Williams, which appeared
in the Washington Herald of January
10. Wo quote from it:
"There is evidence in Paris, where a
large force of dye experts now are
gathered to help the reparations com
mission, that the German dye attack
is to be centered most vigorously upon
the United States market. France
has a tariff law that enables her to
build up her dye industry unmolested,
England has a new law, operative
Jan. 15, that excludes dyes such as she
produces and admits those she does
not produce, but which her consumers
need. Japan ia taking steps to pro
tect her chemical industry. The Unit
ed States is the only important nation
actually at the mercy o- German
chemists. For the. moment America
is protected by the War Trade Board,
but this barrier will fall when she ends
the technical state of war with Ger
German dve manufacturers, realiz.
ing this, are causing the reparations
commission much trouble by refusing
to produce, except under pressure, the
dyes most needed in the United States.
They are willing to offer large quanti
ties of dyes in competition with the
output of the new American dye in
dustry, but still are making excuses
for failure to produce noncompetitive
dyes. Thus they hope to encourage
consumers to demand an open market.
Also, in this manner, with the excep
tion of her 60 years' world monopoly
of dye manufacture against five years
of American experience, Germany
hopes to throttle the American indus
try and leave America helpless in this
respect should there be another war.
"German production of dyes is so
closely allied with her production of
munitions that a separation is impos
sible. Destruction of one would mean
the destruction of both. Students of
the German proposals now in Paris
consider that America is the last hope
the Cerman manufacturers have, and
they will not give up as long as Amer
ica does not protect its dye industry
by a law similar to that of Great
Britain. They see, further", that real
chemical disarmament can be accom
plished only by breaking Germany's
monopoly of the dye industry and en
couraging the building tra of a similar
industry In all the countries tit the en
tente, and especially in the United
It is the absolute truth that the
"United States is the qnly important
nation actually at the mercy of the
German chemists."
The War Trade Board, which now
protects the American dye industry,
will go out of existence March 4 un
less funds to finance its activities are
provided, and it will go out of exist
ence anyhow so soon as peace is con
cluded. The dye industry, 'therefore',
is nearing nour oy nour the day when
it will be at the mercy of the Geimans.
That will not be long. Private indus
try does not possess the power of tax
ation and cannot long stand up under
heavy financial losses. If there is "no
inhibitory legislation, enough dyes
can be dumped on our shores within a
few months to swamp the market.
It is difficult to speak with modera
tion of those Senators who have re
sorted to the filibuster and every other
technical device of legislators to de
lay and prevent enactment of the dye
bill. Be their motives what they may,
the fact remains that their course is
exactly the course that is most ac
ceptable to the Germans. There is no
one thing Berlin more desires than the
failure of the Longworth bill. Men
who shape their course in Congress so
as to support a policy obviously ben
eficial to our enemies and destructive
to the United States necessarily are
objects of suspicion. Men are judged
not by their motives, but by the things
they do, and when the things they do
are fatal to the future well-being of
their country, they must expect critr
cism. This is more than ever true
when they obstruct the majority and
employ their technical power of delay
to prevent an enactment favored not
only by the House of Representatives
ana recommended oy the president,
but also favored by large majority
of the Senate itself.
There is history back of this entire
situation. The statesmen who went
to Paris to write the peace treaty
were well aware that a mere physical
disarmament of Germany would be a
grotesque provision against the later
attack by that nation. They favored
not merely the destruction of the tier
man navy and the disbandment of the
German army, but they also expected
to compel the Germans to disclose
their chemical secrets, vital in war
fare, and the dismantlement of huge
cnemical works was contemplated.
This essential and wise course was
prevented by President Wilson, who
advanced the idea that the Allies and
the United States could adequately
protect themselves by building up
their own chemical industries, shut
ting out the uerman product. He fa'
vored compelling the Germans to diS'
close their chemical secrets, which
they have not done, but he wanted
each individual nation to protect it
self. ,
That is what all of the chief Allies
and neutral nations have done all ex
cept the United States. Over in Eng
land the uovernment listened to all
the arguments against protection of
tne British dye industry and then
promptly enacted, last month, the
most drastic sort of legislation to as
sure absolutely that the German chem
ical industry would not ruin that of
Great Britain. She carried out the un
derstanding that had been reached in
Paris. It is more than passing strange
however, that every effort to carry out
the same understanding in the United
States has been prevented by filibus
ters or threats of filibusters in the
Senate. It is amazing, but it is true.
It is a fact that the Germans have
not yet yielded up their war method of
extracting nitrogen from the air. The
methods we have are obsolete, and we
know it. But the final Haber process
we have not got. It will be got. in one
way or another, but it has not yet
been got.
If gentlemen wish to continue the
argument on the dye bill, let them do
so, but not with the gates open. The
barriers must at least be kept up until
denmte decision has been reached.
This can be done by passage of a joint
resolution extending the authority of
the War Trade Board and providing
funds wherewith to support it. The
Longworth bill itself ought to be
passed. It ia the sensible and proper
course. But, failing that, the next
best course is emergency protection of
the chemical industry pending a final
decision by the next Congress on a
definite national policy. ,
The absolutely essential character
of the dye industry in relation to na
tional defense u not a question of con
jecture or of theory. It has been
demonstrated with mathematical ac
curacy, and it can be so demonstrated
at any time, before any committee or
any jury. Indeed, it is admitted even
by the opponents of the Longworth
bill. They claim, however, that the in
dustry can 'be protected adequately by I
tai-itts. ine lacts are all against
them, larins are for honest men
pure commerce. Control of the Amer
lean dye market by the Germans
not inherently a commercial undertake
ing at all. Germany can afford to give
away dyes in America if by so doing
sne can destroy tne American dye in
dustry. Dyes, with her, is prepared'
nesi for war. Dyes, with us, can be
nothing else.
We would be safer withouc a gun
factory in the nation, a powder plant
or a warship than without a chemical
industry and a- chemical personnel
equal to any others on earth.
North Kansas City. Construction
well under way of ,000,ooo corn pro
ducts plant covering 75 acres; 7 1-2
miles switch tracks completed.
Jefferson City. Convict labor to
manufacture guide posts for State's
unmarked roads, make car license
plates and provide material for im
proving highways.
ii iii y 1 1 iibi
Bread and Coffee
If these two items are not the best your meal is disappointing.
y flavor ,
.The bread with the distinguished
coffee. I lb. 25c. .3 lbs. ........,
t fine sweet drinking
; 35c lb., 3 lbs. $1.09
GUATAMAI.A If you to not
believe you can buy a high
grade COFFEE for this price
LA there's something about
this Guatamala you'll ffl fin
like. I lb. 35c 3 lbs. $ fiUU
. a blend of finest SUMATRA,
making this the best blend pos
sible, these are the best coffees,
imported into United 01
States 1 lb 45c, 3 lbs licw
Remember the price of these three coffees 25c, 35c and 45c. Try
either of them, use it and if not pleased with them we will refund
your money ia full. .
Can workers' co-operatives succeed
as sound business ventures? This is
a question which presses for answer
as reports of the organization by va
rious unions and groups of workers of
co-operative lactones increase.
Within the past year there have
been started by the workers factories
for the manufacture of underwear, ho
siery nno. overalls, a cigar factory, a
piano factory, shoe . factories and
clothing shops.
ine trade unions called urjon to sun-
ply the funds to finance these eo-on-
erative producers' factories face at
tne present a new danger.
A well-thought-out Dian on the nnrt
tu u:e Dig aggregations oi business
has apparently been launched to
"smash the unions." A thing called
the "American plan", which ia an
other name for the non-union shop,
nas come xo tne iront with a , ven
geance. Representatives of these or
ganizations frankly assert that they
are out to destroy unionism.
tiw will the new producers' co
operative organization wMrili ira
springing np in many places fare un
der these conditions, considering that
they have fared badely in the past a
comparatively free field?
The union will suffer the first at.
tack. ' Its resources will need to he
conserved. Its treasury should not
v uepivieu.r or us own saiety, as a
matter oi expediency and wisdom, the
money of the workimr neonle in the
trade union treasnry should not he
hazarded in co-operative trodurers
enterprises at this Darticular ncrin.l
in the world's history.
ii tne workers' savings rannit be
safely invested in uroducurs' enter.
prises, where is it safe?
The worker is eoine to snenH hia
money in some channel or other. The
most of it will go for the necessities of
life. He has the choice of
uione ana Duying these things at re
tail from the private merchant, or he
can put the money that he is going to
spend anyway, along with the money
of his neighbors, and with them spend
it in the wholesale market." The latter
is tne co-operative way.
in doing this he need not exDeri
ment or wonder what is going to hap
pen. ine consumers' co-operative
movement is growing in the member
ship of its societies and in the emmint
of business done, in 24 countries of
tne world, with a sweep that seema al
most fantastic The form of organi
zation is closest to the worker. It
this movement his money is invested
in what he most needs, and what he
has to buy from somebody.
ine majority oi industries, which
are operated either; by capitalists or
oy co-operctive producers, fail; this
is their common destinv. The matnrl
ty of productive industries operated
uy societies oi co-ODeratlve consum.
era succeed; their failure is of rare
occurrence. This is a momentous fact
in tne economic world.
XT M a. . -
mow j. or uiree-auarters or a. wn.
tury the British consumers' co -opera
ve movement nas been engaging
more and more in production. At
present it is carrying on some 65 dif
ferent industries. Some of these are
on a large scale. Their eicrht flnnr
mills at Manchester are the m-eaton
flour mills in England. Their shoe
lactory. biscuit works, sonn fnatni-ioa
ana textile mills, farms, tea and grain
piumations, are on a large scale,
failure has taken olace in none
them. They are all a part of the Co
operative Wholesale society, which
has behind it 4,000,000 families
consumers, patronizing their own'dis'
tributive industry to the amount of ov.
er a billion dollars a year.
These industries succeed because
tney are following the one line of ac.
tion which is scientific production
lor tne Known want or organized con'
Burners, under the ownershin and rnn.
trol of the oreanized consumers, with
the motive of production for service,
nut ior prout, as tne underlying prin
mere has not been started in Eu.
rope or America during this present
industrial era any producers' co-operative
enterprise which the powers of
lupiutnsuc inaustry could not crush
out at its will, juot by shutting off
the supply of row material. The raw
materials and the natural
or the world, including coal and trans.
portation, are today in the control of
the capitalists.
In connection with the raw mater
ial is the matter of credit. The ptvA.
its of industry are controlled by five
capitalistic banking syndicates, ac
cording to the report of the Puio
congressional committee which inves
tigated banking. They can shut off
tne credit or any producers group in
slack times or between the periods of
production and the collection upon
saies, ana squeeze n out or Dusiness.
But consumers' co-operation is much
less vulnerable. With the m-ofSt or
surplus savings derived from its as
sured sales, it can accumulate a ant.
ficient reserve to meet the boycott, if
necessary, by starting its own nrn.
uuutivv enterprises, - ,
ine product of every shop, except
v.ibi uwneo ana run dv tne cc-ouera
tive consumers or the socialized gov
ernment shop, must be thrown into
the market to find Droiblemetiiuil nun
chasers. The selling business is as
aiuicuit specialty as the producing
business. Any one who has watched
these developments has seen the in-
ducers' co-operative factory go out in
to the wordl of competitive business
and make a pathetic showing.
Any organized craft of wnrli era
may adopt certain of the principles of
ine nat makers or clothing makers
may organize as a consumers' mn.
erotive society. They consume hats.
They may orjen a store where the nrn.
ducts of the capitalistic shops in
which they work are sold. They will
buy these products for their dwn store
in the capitalistic market, ami sell tn
themselves. And non-members will
also buy in their store. Their distrib
utive business grows.
The conoumers' society which runs
tne store may then start a small fac
tory to Droduce for it when ki a1
I have reached a volume to justify such
a step. As the sales increase, the fac-
tht revere f ibis ia dangerous. Fac j
if 1 SZZrsr
Yes .Sir-ee!
We made this ciga
rette to meet
your taste!
f uj
b m mm
, AMELS have wonder
ful full-bodied mellow
mildness and a flavor as
refreshing as it is new. -'
Camels quality and Camels expert
blend of choice Turkish and choice
Domestic tobaccos win you on merits.
Camels blend never tires your taste. And,
Camels leave no unpleasant cigaretty aftertaste
nor unpleasant cigaretty odor I
, What Camels quality and expert blend can
mean ro your satisfaction you should find
out at once I t will prove our say-so when
you compare ' Camels with any cigarette
in the world at any price!
Canwh mn aoM mntfrnhum In MfcnMr aealMf paekafM mt 30
otmnMmm jr 30 Mnfi; or mi uaeiraJM (300 MmNmI in - .r.ui'u.
w mnngiy noammM ttum enmm mt urn
m tnwwL
' VyistosSales,H.C
31 -;1
tory output in excess of guaranteed
sales is the capitalistic method and
the method of the producers' co-operative
factory. By maintaining a
distributive business with a member
ship of consumers, the product of the
factory which the consumers own is
disposed of by the scientific co-op-
The program is slow and require!?!
serious work on the part of the mem
bers of the co-operative society. It is
not so easy or so spectacular as to
take a lot of the workers' money and
put it at once into a big manufactur
ing plant. But it is the safer and
surer way to work today in the midst
of competitive capitalism.
Such a society with its retail stores
and its factories must connect if pos
sible with other co-operative societies
to become a part of a federation in
which other avenues of distribution of
its product may be found. But there
is one hard thing for the non-co-operative
trade unionist to grasp that
is, that in all of this organization the
interest of the worker as a consumer
must dominate the interest of the
worker as a producer. He must grasp
this because this is the only method at
the present time that can work in
competition with capitalistic industry.
publications of the College of Agricul
ture. Mr. Jeffrey, who is a graduate
of Cornell College, in Iowa, has been
a farmer, a country newspaper man.
and associate editor of the Missouri
Ruralist As agricultural editor at
M. U.
A. A. Jeffrey of Columbia, for many
years a contributor to the editor of
farm papers, has been appointed ag
ricultural editor at the University of
Misoouri. He will have charge of the
Its toasted
Missouri h succeeds O. W. Weaver,
who has become publisher of the Mo
nett (Mo.) Journal.
The champion who knocks 'em
all out is the fighter who "gels his
price" for doing the Job. Benny
Leonard, lightweight champion
knocks 'em out as fast as they
come. His knockout of Richie,
Mitchell In the sixth round at New
York recently after himself hav
ing been dropped In the llrsl
round marks him as the cham
pion he Is Leonard has won six
of bis last reven fights by It - O
California Plan of Marketing Appeals to Farmers
5 te w
i . v-.a jr
rr ; mSsssk I ii II
-V ' . .... i' ' '
Commodity 'marketing as sue
Cfsifully launched In CaLtfornia,
bids fair to spread Into national
practice, as shown by recent ac
tion of tho American Farm Bu
reau Federation. The plan can
ad does apply to all farm com
modities. It is a state or national
pooling of all products to be sold
by expert marketing men ap
pointed by the farmers themselves,
wbeat growers, com growers
wool growers, cotton growers, live
stock men. farm Droduce men
etc., are to tie so organised, under
ine farm Bureau present plans,
furnishing the assurance of the
highest possible market toall of
its members, no matter what tbeir
crop may be. Photos show up-,
per left: Crowds In western Kan
sas at mas meeting on commod-j
ity organisation during one of the
recent Farm Bureau drftn: rteW
C. H. Oustafson. chairman of the
grain marketing committee of the
Farm Bureau Federation, who re
ports Feb. 14 at a Kansas City
meeting on the "California plan"
to his grain growers. Lower left
Activities la the southwest, where
the winter onion growers are al
ready highly organised and are
getting highest price for , their
bormteiSa jiBd pearl esioss. .

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