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Tff&rARMOTGTON TIMES. FARMINGTON. MISSOURI. JULY !5, 1921
PAGE TWO WASHINGTON LETTER Washington, D. C. July 11. The failure of the concurrent resolution providing for a recess of Congress un til July 28, which. wa3 defeated1 by the narrow margin of three votes, drew from Senator Fletcher (Dem. Fla.) an excellent summary of what the Re publican Congress had done to date. He thought perhaps a lrpse of twen ty dr.yg might five the majority time to get together on some sort of a pro pram. He said: "We passed an Emergency Tariff Bill which everybody recognizes as an arrant fraud, a hu,mbug, a pretense. ' It does nobody any good and was never intended to do anybody any good, perhnps, on the p;irt of a great many. "The next thing they have done was to pass a Budget Bill, which, of course, was called for by the pr.st administra tion. In fact, everything that amounts to anything that has been done by this administration, both with refer ence to our domestic and foreign af fairs, has been done in pursuance of the. principles and policies of the Democratic'administration." Referring to the passage of the Peace Resolution and the blot made thereon wheri President Harding sign ed it, he said: "The blot on the signa ture of that joint resolution is sym bolic of the blot on our national honor and the marring of our good faith. Instead of a real dove of peace we have a dove in a wooden cage passed around for exhibition." On proposed tax and tariff legisla tion he said: "Our friends on-the other side of the aisle wanted to press for ward first tr.x lceislation; they in- sisted that the tax laws should be simplified, modified and--revised. That was urged by the last administration. The majority party in the other body (the House) insist that tariff legisla tion shall precede tax legislation, and there we are. Thus far nobody lias agreed on what shall be done." On Army and Navy appropriations he said: "First there came up, of course, the army appropriation bill. Our friends on the other side ould not agree as to the size of the army. In the House they could not agree as to the size of the army. In conference they could not agree as to the size of the army. Finally we got through a bill which satisfies nobody. The same thing is true as to the navy bill. We have not passed the navy bill yet, although we have been in cession here for r three months. "The proposition now is by the Re publican majomy m , we nous w h. i ' 1 Ml L, ; K niwttnntilro TQflTT . , . It A - a lann uiu a ihs bill Every manuiaciurer, eveiy ": -hnt. every banker, every business man, every producer, every man en-crno-od in industry of any sort, knows - ... that there is no need at this time fel ony high protective duties in this country. He knows that there is no demand for that kind of legislation. He knows perfectly well that if you want a tariff bill to rnise revenue all you have to do is to get around the table and in half an hour you can write a bill imposing 50 per certt duties on coffee, cocoa, tea, silk, rubber, iv ry, precious stones, and on other things not produced in this country, bnd raise $500,000,000 of revenue, if that is what you want. But no; you want protection protection! A great giant, here, with all the gold in the world and all the credit in the world, demanding protection against the weakly cripple on the other side of the sea protection against the cripple and protection to such an extent that you do not propose to allow the crip ple to be strong enough to pay you what he owes you. So that is about what we have accomplished thus far." The tariff bill referred to was laid before the House July 6. A House Republican conference fixed July 21 as the date for a vote and agreed to per mit only a few schedules to be amend ed from the floor; the others are to be closed to amendment under a gag rule. In general terms the bill is to re turn to the old Payne-Aldrich tariff methods, which resulted disastrously for the Republicans after its passage in 1909. A long debate is expected in i the Senate. Representative Frear (Rep., Wis.) (filed a minority report criticising un necessarily high duties and saying the t bill will increase the burdens of the consumer. v' N Treaty Must Follow Peace Resolution . Now that the Porter-Knox "Peace resolution," which puts the cart be- HOME SWEET HOME IK fore the horse by declaring peace be fore a treaty is made, has been passed and signed, the next move is to nego tiate a treaty. But what kind of a treaty ? According to Senator Brandagee (Rep., Conn.,) it will not be a peace treaty, but a treaty of amity and com merce. According to Representative Twner (Rep., Iowa,) it will be a peace treaty with Germany. You go right on paying your taxes and taking your choice between these high Republicans authorities, There is, however, another surmise which finds utterance both in political and press circles that President Hard fag, is getting ready to resubmit the treaty of Versailles and that Secretary of State Hughes, who aided by Sccre tary of Commerce Hoover,.is the dom inant influence in foreign affairs, has almost completed the draft of the tiea ty the administration will favor. But with all these surmises, no one seems to take into account what Ger many will do. Having formally de clared peace with Germany, owever un constitutional the method, many Dem ocratic leaders hold that we can no longer dictate peace as a victor; that our hands aretiedj that Germany now holds the "whip hand,' and she being now a "friendly power" that we can not insist unon anything she is not willing to grant. It is also held that the peace resolu tjon violates the terms of the armis- tice, which we made jointly with the allies and that it is a surrender of our vital interests and rights, as well as our honor. One of the serious complications is with respect to the alien property held by the United States. Under the terms of the peace resoutIon this property must be hel(1 untii satisfaction is had , ,. th ci:ms 0f tne respective gov- ernments thus closing the doors of our own courts to American citizens withJ claims against Germany. On the oth er hand it is reported that attorneys for the original owners of the seized property will bring suit for its recov ery under the declaration of peace. Democrats arc generally agreed that the peace resolution settles nothing, but on the contrary has greatly compli cated the situation. They point out that President Harding, failing to ex ercise his own prerogative to negotiate a peace treaty "passed the buck" to Congress which passed the peace reso lution and has now "passed the buck" back to the President. The more critical among them as sert frhat it is only another illustration I of the inability of the present Republi- of t bIems with A,-. ! i rnnfrontwl. Farmers Branded as Profiteers." The last member -of the Harding ad ministration to get into hot water by making speeches is comptroller of the Currency Crissinger, the personal ap pointee of President Harding, whose recent speech is arousing the ire of tfic farmers. The speech, made on June 24 at the Convention of the New York State Bankers' Association at Atlantic City, has not been widely re ported. The following extracts will be of peculiar interest in agricultural communities: "American farmers are caught in the wreck of their own super-prosperity which is the direct result of their profiteering during the war. Cuba is in great distress because its good for tune tempted' it to extravagance, spec ulation, inflation of money, credit and prices during the war. "Yet, if you smile the smile of su perior sophistication at little Cuba, caught in the wreck of its super-prosperity, I will retort that Cuba and our own mid-western farming country are in precisely the Bame pickle. The farmers made money so fast as the high prices that everybody did exactly what everybody did in Cuba; went to speculating in farms, forcing the prices higher and higher, selling and ieselling on small payments, and dis counting the notes which represented deferred payments. When the price of cotton and wheat and corn and hogn started downward on the same path that Cuba's sugar was following, and our farmers and agricultural speculators found themselves in full fellowship with Cuba's pTanters. "So, we see that the rofits of the profiteer, whether in Cuba or here, have disappeared. He cannot meet his notes, the banks cannot afford to car ry him, and both he and the banks are being squeezed. As in the case of Ambassador Har- BOBBY-THIS lf MR 37 iUlf AH-HERE'S SOME NOW BOBBY- WHAT DO , ( i COME A "lv . w JONES. ME ONE Or 1 CANDY TOR YOU. P YOU SAY TO MR. JONES ? Vtfi, JJ ( AGAIN ! J V XV vey, who has not been recalled and so far as anyone knows has not been re buked for his Pilgrim's Society speech, Comptroller Crissinger has neither been rebuked nor dismissed. It is pointed out, however, that Comptroll er Crissinger had as good grounds as Ambassador Harvey could have had for believing his utterances in har mony with the views of President Harding, for on Feb. 26, 1917, discuss ing the revenue bill and arguing against further corporation taxes, Mr. Harding, then a senator, said: "I venture to say that if the corpor ations of this country were holding back food products for advanced pric es, as does the American farmer, there would be an outcry from one end of this country to another." He may have found justification m a speech by Senator Harding in :.he Congressional Record of Aug. 31, 1917, containing this statement: "I said that raising $1 wheat was a profitable occupation in times of peace; and I say to the Senator from North Dakota that the knowing farm ers of the country are buying land in Ohio at $150 an acre for the very pur pose of going into a commercial pro position of raising wheat profitably at one dollar per bushel." Disarmament "Wiggle and Wabble" Wiei the House adopted the Borah Disarmament resolution as an amend ment to the naval appropriation bill, which at this writing is still in a state of suspended animation, Representa tive Byrnes of South Carolina, made a masterly review of the history of the disarmament legislation, showing that the Republicans in both houses had been opposed to legislation, recom mending a disarmament conference; that the Borah resolution passed the Senate only after it vas understood that the administration had withdrawn its opposition, which led the people to believe that it was satisfactory to the President and would be agreed to by the House. He pointed out that Chairman Por ter after a visit to the White House, offered his substitute which was also said to have the approval of the Pres ident. He called attention to the statement of Floor Leader Mondell that on Monday, June 20, the Porter Disarmament Resolution would be called up and passed under the sus pension of the rule, and it was not un til the President had written a letter declaring that the wording of the res olution was immaterial that the Borah resolution was adopted by the House. The history of this disarmament legislation is important by reason of the fact that it was passed as a result of Che pressure of pubile opinion cre ated by the Democratic and Republi can Progressives and against the real wishes of the reactionary Republicans. German-Americans "Disgusted and Disenchanted." Whatever any one else may think of the peace resolution it has not made a hit with George Sylvester Vicreck, who claims to speak for German Americans. Mr. Viereck says: "The peace resolution does not make peace. The Knox-Porter resonltion is futile in that it binds neither us nor the Germans. It will not change a whit the commercial or diplomatic re lations between the two republics. Coming, as it does, without grace or generosity, after infinite bickering among picayune politicians, intended to disguise more sinister motives for the breach of promise of the Republi can party to make an immediate peace with Central Europe, it leaves us dis gusted and disenchanted." What's the Constitution to the G. O. P. Whether the Republican legislature of Illinois was influenced to disregard the constitution of the United States by the example set by Congress in passing the peace resolution or wheth er its act was a manifestation of the fact that we are in the midsummer sil ly season is a matter of opinion, but it has passed a resolution empowering the governor to fill the vacancy creat ed by the death of Representative William E. Mason of that state, the main purpose of the resolution being to enable the Governor to name Mr. Mason's daughter. With due acknowledgment of the propriety and excellence of such an appointment, attention is nevertheless called to paragraph 4, Section 2, Ar ticle 1, of the constitution of the Unit ed States which says: "When vacancies happen in rcpre- Flavor Is sealed in by toasting sentation from any state, the Execu tive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies." However,' if the constitution is to be abandoned to its fate, it is pointed out that a Republican state legisla ture has as much right in the matter as a Republican Congress. HYDE'S LIBEL ON MISSOURI As a rule, men, and even animals, lei'.rn wisdom from experience. But this rule, like others, has its excep tions. The most conspicuous excep tion to this familiar rule is Arthur Mustick Hyde, the unhappy Governor of Missouri. When Governor Hyde makes a bad blunder, he seems to think that the one vjay to retrieve it is to commit a still worse one. If he misstates a fact, his way of repairing the damuge is to stand pat on the mis'statcmcnt. If he libels the state which has honored him far beyond his deserts, he makes amends by giving the libel wider publicity. In making his cr.mpaign for Gov ernor, Mr. Hyde ground out misstate ments with astonishing facility. It mattered little to him whether he rob bed the party in power of honors well- earned or created factional bitterness within his own party, so long as he thought that his method of conduct ing a political campaign had the ef fect of forwarding his own political interests and making his stock rise on the market. He consulted no wise heads in his own party then, nor does he do so now Advice to him is only a goad that makes him kick the harder. Like a bull in a china shop, he smashes the party qucensware without mercy. and leaves it to others to gather up and put the pieces together. His one Sdus Achates, guide, philosopher and friend is the redoubtable Hiram, who hopes at some time, when the people lose their reason, to perch upon the gubernatorial chair. ' But our execu tive Humpty-Dumpty is nearing a fall and his end will parallel that of the hero of the nursery rhyme. What evil genius suggested to Gov. Hyde, while addressing the City Club at Kansas City, some two weeks ago, to repeat the old slander that the State of Missouri "is so far down the scale in education as to rank thirty- fourth"? This deliberate slander, which has often been disproved, was seemingly uttered for the edification of Governor McKelvie of Nebraska, who vas present. It is questionable if the latter appreciated the propriety ol" the remark, or admired the Govern or of Missouri the more for defaming his state. The statement of Gov. Hyde about oar educational status was completely refuted and derided by no less an au thority than Hon. J. J. Tigert, United States Commissioner of Education, on June 27th, at Warrensburg. The Com missioner said: "I have been surprised in coming into Missouri to find that there are come people who take the report of the Russell Sage Foundation seriously. This report ranks Missouri thirty fourth in education. In the first place, no state can be ranked educationally, as there are certain elements that go to make up education that cannot be measured. If all the things that make for development in education were to be taken into consideration in an at tempt to rank the states of this nation, Missouri would stand fifth or sixth from the op." Not only the present United States Commissioner of Education) but. also his .predecessor, refuted ,the false charge which was first made by the' Russell Sage Foundation, and then taken up and reilcrr.tcd by Gov. Hyde. 'Hon. Sam Baker, State Super intendent of Schools, as well as others whose statements should be regarded as authoritative, some time ago show ed the falucy of the "Governor's ob servations, but it seems he paid no heed to the gentlemen who sought to inform Jiim and at the same time ren der a service to the state. In a re cent letter to the county superintend ents, our State Superintendent takes occasion to quote the above statement of the United States Commissioner of Education, aijd then Mr. Baker says: "With me if is not a matter of Mis souri's standing. As your State Su perintendent of Schools, I do net in tend that she shall stand still at all, but that she keep moving along the lines that will make for right citizen ship and that wB giveto our boys and girls on the farm and in the towns and cities advantages to all alike." That statement has both sense and spirit, and is worthy of the man who makes it. Governor Gardner loved to throw bouquets at his state, and to animate the people with a desire for achieve ment in every worthy pursuit, wheth er educational, industrial or commer cial. Our present governor has the unhappy faculty of putting a damper on everything he advocates or touch es. Is it any wonder that a Republi can magazizne published in St. Louis asks the party to repudiate him? Missour Sitat Missouri State Journal. PASSING THE BUCK Governor Hyde finds himself in a very embarrassing position with the legislature out of hand and his legis lative program all shot to pieces and a special session of the legislature running at loose ends. It is perfect ly natural that he should attempt to pass the blame and offer an alibi. This he does in his cpecial message. One paragraph reads ' "That the referendum of these bills is due to prejudice, partisanship, will ful and studied misrepresentation, ad mits no doubt; that it was intended solely to save the jobs of certain poli ticians is only scantly camouflaged." If the Governor can put this over and make the people forget how so many bills originated and their pur pose, he hr.s done pretty well. He is probably relying on the political axiom that the memory of the voter is very short. The Democrats might well re tort by saying: "The conception and pr.ssage of these bills was due to prejudice, parti sanship, willful and studied misrepre sentation and intended solely to make jobs for certain politicians". This paper has maintained that the referendum should not be used for po litical and partisan purposes. It main tained that the Democratic State Committee plays mighty 'poor politics in taking charge of referendum peti tions and including the Hyde pro gram. The gerrymander of the Ju- THE HOT SPRINGS OF ARKANSAS More than a mountain resort, more than a fashionable playground these wonderful springs, with their mysterious health-giving waters, have become world famous as , NATURE'S GREATEST SANITARIUM set apart by the United States Government for the benefit of humanity Where modern medical science joins hands with the wonderful cura tive agencies of nature a retreat for the careworn or suffering in the great, beautiful out-of-doors. Water is the greatest eliminator of human ills and the Hot' Springs of Arkansas are the greatest waters known to mankind Patronized every year by more than 150,000 people from every part of the world the recuperating station of our army and navy, the training ground of the world's greatest athletes, the assembling place of statesmen and the rendezvous of society. There is no Substitute for the Hot Springs Baths The marvelous cures cannot be exaggerated. No one can afford to deprive himself oMhe quiet rest,"the exhilarat ing joy and the wonderful toning-up that comes from a course of these baths, coupled with the rehabilitating influences of the mountain ozone and woodland landscape. Luxurious hotels, medium-priced hotels and high class, boarding houses with every modern convenience. ( BEST REACHED BY THE MISSOURI PACIFIC Let us tell you more about it and help you plan your trip. For train time and railroad rates, address' C. L. STONE . P. T. M Missouri Pacific R. R. St Louis, Mo. PRINCESS WEAlte DIAMOND IN NOSE J1 Princess Fatima, Sultana of Ka bul, may not be a beauty accord ing to American standards, but she has a style all her own. It is tin mounted diamond which she wears in her nose. She arrived in San I'rancisco this weej bound for London, with her three sons she is going to put in school there. dicial circuit left the way wide open for the Democrats in a just cause and if they had centered tljeir attack on this bill the drive would have com pletely shattered the shaking ranks of the Republicans in Missouri. The Bills were so manifestly unjust and vicious that it could not have been success fully defended. Governor Hyde now blames the Democrats for throwing the courts of the state into a chaotic condition. He fails to remark that his bill readjusting the district for the purpose of casting out elected Demo cratic judges was the cause of the chaos of which he complains. We heartily approve the plan an nounced by the Governor of calling a special session of the legislature for the purpose of road legislation and pointed out at the time that it would remove other issues anJ prevent trades and make possible a good code of road laws. Now be has turned the legisla ture loose on everything and road leg islation again la uuiteivu fluvui tuuuug the conflicting factional and partisan struggles. The whole advantage of a special session has been thrown away. The man who always has an alibi whenever a mistake is made, who al ways passes the buck when an issue is to be decided coon loses the support of the peonJe. Men prefer to support a man who fights the issue through, accepts the responsibility and stands up to the rack, fodder or no fodder. We love that onefor his mistakes and for the courage which caused mis takes. It was this characteristic which made Theodore" Roosevelt the idol of the people. Independence Examiner.