Newspaper Page Text
. THE FARMINGTON TIMES, FARMINCfTON, MO.
BTSTEMPE8 AMOSG HOE5ES Saceessfnlly Treated Wfa Spohn's Distemper Compound k preventive mrvlntt theee, aa oeoulenal doee of "HPOHN-t" la mervftlowly eO-ratlve. Am a remedy for esaee already ei Ins, KI'OHhV' la equally effective. Olve It ae a preventive. Don't wait. eente and ll.M net kettle at drus atorea. SFOHN M JUDICAL COHTAirf C08IUEN, $XBUXA . The Farmington Times FARM DEPAR TMENT AUTHORITATIVE ARTICLES PREPARED BY GOVERNMENT AND STATE RESEARCH EXPERTS v .. - IflUNTY HENS NOT DESIRABLE (Investigation Shows at Least On Fowl In Fifteen la Undersized and Hanea Unprofitable, (Prepare by the unltea St a tee Department of As rleultara.) Kintlness la nut so conspicuous la the poultry flock as It la among other farm animals, yet It la a factor to ba considered, and It la possible that In ieorae cases it la of great Importance. Certain It Is that undersized fowls are ,not desirable, and It baa been the xperlence . of - many 'farmers and poultrymen that tbey can be almost, if not entirely, eliminated. This Is the conclusion that may be arrived at after study of the figures end comment obtained by a preliminary Investiga tion of runts and their remedy con' ducted by the United States Depart ment of -Agriculture. the Information was obtained from nearly 1,000 farmers to whom ques tionnaires were sent Although these farmers were considered to be better than the average, they reported that 7 per cent of their animals were under' I sized to such a degree as to be called runty. This means, If the percentage holds true for all farms of the country: that more than 14,000,000 animals, no$ Including feathered stock, are runts In addition 6 per cent of the poultry on these farms was undersized, which! means that there Is, perhaps, even a) iilgher percentage for the total farms' of the United States. Inbreeding and poor matlngs, as a cause, are the principal factors dis tinguishing nwtlness In feattered stock from that In other (arm animals. It is the consensus of opinion of 474 poultry owners, in all parts of the country, that the following causes are chiefly responsible for the runts found In feathered flocks: Per cent. Poor feeding- 17.1 Inbreeding and poor mating! U.T Inferior breeding stock 18.1 Parasites, especially lice 12.4 Heglect .....vi.,1..,, ,.... ILt Poor housing 7.0 Late hatching It Overcrowding 5 Disease (roup, diarrhea, etc.) ' 8.8 low vitality of chicks , 14 Selecting poor eggs M Total .Tioo? Early hatching Is of more importance, according: to the comments of poultry men, than the figures In the table In dicate. It appears that elntlvely few flock owners are familiar with the ad vantages of early hatching, but those, who do their hatching early And it a yrnmmm Good Feeding and Cars Will Practically Eliminate Runtiness. distinct benefit. For Instance, one farmer says, "Last ye. - all of my Chickens hatched after the first of June were runts, Those before that were normal and were laying in October, rrhe same care and feed were given to ' all of them." Another observes, "When I get my chicks hatched In April and May I do not have runts in my flock." tStlll another estimates that one-third of late hatches are runty. "Hatch no chicks later than May 1," he says. Of equal Interest are the warnings against Inbreeding. "We have no runts In our poultry" Is the statement of a Virginia farmer, who adds, "We buy purebred cocks from a different strain every year." "Keep purebred fowls and change the sire every year" Is the in junction of another poultryman, and his experience is typical of many others. Farmers' experiences with ,. early hatching tally with the results of ex periments by the bureau of animal Industry of the United States Depart ment of Agriculture. In these experi ments the early hatched chicks showed k marked superiority-over those pur posely hatched late. There was a noticeably steady degradation In size and type of the late chicks compared with those hatched early. From these side lights It Is easily seen that the questions of mntlness nd good live-stock management ore closely related and are tied up with conomle factors of greut Importance. r m ; , I " ., -w-. ; RURAL BUILDING AIDS COMMUNITY Many Advantages Are Outlined in Financing ' Proposition by Popular Subscription. STUDY MADE BY SPECIALISTS By Far the Qreatest Number of ; Structures Are Erected Through th United Effort of Peopl Most Interested. (Prepared or tbe United Btatae Department of Agriculture.) , , To assist rural organizations In working out ways of financing and maintaining community buildings, the United States Department of Agrlcul- Sif" Public Reading Room, Holden (Mass.) Community House This Is but On of Many Attractively Furnished Room in This Building. hire has just published Farmers Bul letin 1192, Tbe Organization of Rural Community Buildings. This Is the third of a series of bulletins on rural community buildings, based on an In timate study made by specialists of the department of more than 200 such buildings In all parts of the country. Tbe first, Department Bulletlq 825, Rural Community Buildings in the United States, gives a history of the movement, treats of some of the gen eral principles Involved, and tells the story in detail of the erection, financ ing, management and use of a few representative types ; the second, Farmers' Bulletin 1173, Plans of Rural Community Bulkllngs, gives the floor plans of 21 buildings of the bet ter class, illustrating various types. Methods of Financing. , It Is pointed out in this third bul letin that though community buildings are financed In a number of ways, as individual donations, local Industry, well-established social or fraternal organizations, by far the greatest number are erected through the united effort of interested people and various organizations of the community. When the latter plan is employed the neces sary money Is obtained either by vol untary contributions or by the sale of .stock. Subscriptions are paid In the form of money, labor or mate rials. Financing a building by general vol untary contributions is suggested as perhaps the simplest, quickest and most elastc way, while Incorporated stock associations furnish more of the elements of financial permanency. The community method of financing has a number of advantages: (1) People are devoted to that to which they voluntarily subscribe; (2) this method develops community co-operation, promotes union, and decreases antagonisms through the necessity of PROMPTNESS ADVISED IN SHIPPING HIDES Advice Is Particularly Applicable to Sheepskins. Sell Direct to Tanners; Thus Eliminate .. ing Middleman or Agent Re peated Handling Tends to Reduce Quality. After country hides and skins have )een properly and securely bundled ind tagged ship them to market with out delay, advises the United States Department of Agriculture. ; Do not let the bundle remain In the tun, draft or water, or against rusty or corroding metals. Promptness in ship ping and delivery Is always advisable, but applies particularly to sheepskins. They heat rapidly after being bundled, and in hot weather especially must reach their destination quickly. Hides and skins should be shipped 0 Pi 3 I ',; ...'.7.V:.. ...... ". different organizations and faction working together In a financial cam paign; (3) as the money Is voluntarily given from private funds, the people are enabled to make experiments in tbe building which they , would hesi tate to make with public funds or those of an Individual or club; (4) those who pay, control. Only a high type of citizenship subscribes to an Institution of this kind and thus pub lic spirit at Its best Is In control. Community Building. In recent year there has been a growing movement In the erection of community buildings by the munici pality through taxation, This method also ha It distinct advantages. Maintenance expenses of community buildings are , met . by dues, fees, rentals and receipts from entertain ments, profits and concessions. Some of the best organization maintain their buildings entirely by annual due. In the case of buildings financed by en Individual or by an industrial con cern, a community association Is gen erally formed which guarantees the, maintenance of the building as a con dition of the donation. " Most community associations which finance their buildings by issuing stock, incorporate under the state laws In order that they may have a more effective Instrument for buying, selling and holding property. To guide such associations, copies of ar ticles of Incorporation, constitutions and by-laws now in use by a num ber of well-established organizations are Included in the bulletin. State laws relating to municipalities and counties erecting buildings are also given. Copies of the bulletin can be obtained free on application to tlie United States Department "f Agricul ture, Washington, D. C BENDS IN SEPARATOR BRUSH Straight Handle Is Inconvenient and Requires Mufh Twisting of the Wrist The wire bristle brush which Is nsed to clean certain parts of the average cream separator Is straight and to do a thorough job requires lots of bending of the wrist By making two rlght-nngled bends near one end, thus forming a sort of crank. It will be found that the brush can be used to greater advantage than before. Cut -oqoiNAViteAM QtivSH BeNT r FACiUTYUrg USB l JT7?AIMT HANOLS Bends In Brush Make It Quite Easy to Clean Part of Cream Separator. off the loop in the end and operate the brush by turning the handle as a crank. Farm and Home. Tool Shop Is Useful. Good tools are worth much to farm ers who can use them. On bad days when one cannot work In the fields he can work with tools under shelter and save money. A farm shop is a very useful addition to the farmstead. Horse Need Protection. " Stables should be cool and well ven tilated out the horses should always be protected from draft and extreme weather. Secret of Raising Calve. Frequent feeding Is the secret of raising the best calves. as directly as Is practicable and eco nomical to reliable dealers who sell direct to tanners, thus eliminating un necessary middlemen or agents. Re peated handling tends to reduce the qualify of hides und skins. For most farmers, ranchers and small butchers It would be desirable If they could dispose of their hides and skins Im mediately after removal, without salt ing and curing them, but this Is gen erally impracticable, since only a few are near enough to tanneries or deal ers equipped to handle their products. Whenever thus favorably situated, producers find it both profitable and practicable to sell the hides and skins In the green, unsalted condition. In no case, however, should this method be considered unless the producer Is certain that the green hides and skins will be delivered promptly. As a rule, 24 hours after skinning Is tbe mail, mum time advisable. .. Welt-Bred Live) 6tock. Live stock well bred and well cared for has greater earning capacity than Inferior animal, i the Y PLAN OF BULL ASSOCIATIONS Modifications of idea Suggstd by Dairy Division Hav Been Triad '. and Fizzled.'" (Prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture.) - Modifications of the bull-association plan advocated by the dairy division of the United States Department of Agri culture are tried frequently. Most of these plans consist of loose agreements between two or more breeders. In some cases a bull Is purchased by a group of men. Sometime two or more breed ers exchange their bulls. The Idea In this case to do close inbreeding, and yet avoid Inbreeding. A specialist of the department who has bad extensive opportunity to ob serve the working of most of these methods, when asked about thetr sue- By Breeding to Superior Sires Milk Production Can Be Greatly In creased In Single Generation and Greater Economy Effected. cess, replied that some of them would give excellent results if carried out but it was generally impossible to get them to function, for lack of the driv ing power and balancing influences that are found in the regular bull as sociation. "These ideas," he said, "are all right, but they have no working agree ments nor plans of procedure to prop erly regulate their operation. The ex perience of the department Is that such attempts are useless for general adop tion, unless organized in a practical, definite, businesslike way by a person of experience who can break down the prejudices of individuals. When such a person undertakes the organization of a co-operative breeding enterprise In a given locality, he generally finds it easier and more beneficial to form a regular co-operative bull associa tion than a partnership of the type In dicated. "When attempts era made to organ ize a bull association It Is nearly al ways the case that most farmers agree readily, on general principles, that the plan Is excellent for the other fellow, but no so good for himself. It is necessary to have a community thor oughly . Interested In the plan, and familiar with Its method of oper ation. . Some leader must htlng these things about, and It is most unusual If anyone other thnn an extension specialist will do this work. Even n partnership of two men is frequently found to meet with the same difficulty. "After a properly organized assocla; tlon hag been perfected, It has In It the necessary conditions for perma nence. Tet a directing supervision Is necessary to Its fullest success, and this can best be given by the regular extension organization of the depart ment co-operating with the state agri cultural colleges, and the amount of help that can be rendered will depend on how well the form of organization fits in with the other work of the extension forces. "The plan of action embodied in the regular form of co-operative bull asso ciation Is a plan approved by experi ence. It does better than any other plan in use. It has been tried, and It works. Some sort of co-operation for the maintenance of better sires Is essential to the fullest development of the, dairy Industry, . and I should advise any who are Interested to stay with the regular asoclatton plan and carry It through without compromise." WARMED WATER HELPS COWS Cattle That Must Drink Ice Cold Wa ter Show Result in Their Milk- Qlvlng Qualities. . Have you ever experimented with warmed water for cows ; Of course water should not be very warm, but It should have the chill taken out of It Dairy , cattle that must drink lea cold water show the result in their milk glvlng qualities. Ice cold water chills the animal so that additional food 1 necessary.. . 1 Hair balsam aeatevrnDaaaraa-einaiUalrralflBel Reetarae Color and I Beeaty to Graraaa Faded Hale BWi CiK-m. Via. r.tcUocMe.Ut.t. KINDERCOKN9 Kmme One. Cat. aie. norm all pain, eawurve comfort to the uua waiKiar wo. M nwti or Mvnm , Bam ClwaiUal Worae, ratoamna, M. X. (lata. Traded-En Autos At law prleee to Dealen. Byearloaaa eTloia. Oara la Setter eoadilloa tkaa asoeJMr found la eoaatrr towni. Terme to reaoenaUile aealen. Call oa as or write for Hat. , u WKBm IMP. tAIJTO CO., ! Vmut, St. law, aar vu Tourblooaa aorta of Uaioa steuea -aa FARM FOR SALE Florida sa-aere producing (arm; immediate occupancy; food lard, hlsa atate cultiva tion: newly fenced; new five room cottace, well, barn; fronting- so foot highway In high ly developed modern farming community; near large eannlng factory, ayrup faotory and dairy; within three-quartere mile rail road loading atatlon. Oood Irian potato land; planted In January under fair condi tions. Irian potatooa ahould yield 0 barrala per acre ready for market April and May and present Indloatlona ehould bring la. 00 or more per barrel. Irlah potatoee ahould be planted, cultivated, harveated and marketed within coat of I19a.ee or lose per acre. Ex cellent marketing facllltlea: abundance good farm labor. Natural drainage no ewampi or overflow; one or more additional money crapa may be produced on eame land after potatoee. Thle fine farm may be yocre for eaeh payment of 9 1,100.00 and balance with in five yeare. No better Inveattnent any where. Think, inveetlgata. Act, Florida Farms and Industrie Co. Dap. "P" Crsan Cove Springs, Fla. W. N. U.. ST, LOUIS. N. 3-1922. Better Worth Inspecting. "Johnny, you've been lighting. I can tell It by the locJc in your eye." "Yes, mother, but you ought to see the look In the other boy' eye."--Bon ton Transcript. V If It be true that a pretty girt at tract only IHy men, sensible men are at scarce as hens' teeth. p When a married man turns out bad hi mother says his wife didn't under stand him and his wife say hi mother spoiled him. He Had Heard It All. "What's been coining oft here" de manded Constable Sum P. Slackput ter of Petunia, hurrying up after the accident. "Blitiiklty blank ! Blinklty-blonk !--" returned tbe enraged motorist., "That kind o' tnlk won't get you nuth'n', young feller 1 I've been chief tit police here for twenty-two years and been cussed for everything on enrth and In the waters under the earth by hundreds of gents older and more experienced than you are. Now, shut up and tell me what's the mat ter." Kansas City Star.. Could Do Something. That some grownups find it bard to understand a health child's need for constant physical activity is shown by a story that conies from New England. In the midst of the "long prayer" at Sunday service a lad of seven or eight leaned over to his mother and whis pered: ' "Mother, do you think they would care If I went through my setting-up exercises while the minister prays? I'm awful tired sitting still." Har per's Magazine. Innovation, "I understand you have some sur prising costumes for your musical show." "Yes," answered the manager. "We are going to dress the show girls so that nothing is visible above the jnkles." Will your "Good Morning9 last all day? Easy to start from the breakfast table with zest and enthusiasm, but how easy is it to keep on? Does ambition last, or lag, as the day develops? The afternoon "slump" is a factor to be count ed upon, in business or social life. Usually, there's a reason. Nerves whipped by tea or coffee won't keep on running, and they won't stand constant whipping. . Many a man or woman who has wished the afternoon would be as bright as the morning has ' simply been wishing that the nerves wouldn't have to pay the natural penalty for being whipped with the caffeine drug. Postum gives a breakfast cup of comfort and cheer, without any penalties afterward. 1 There's no "letting down" from Postum no midday drowsiness to make up for midnight wakefulness; no headaches; no nervous indigestion; no increase of blood pressure, Think .it over. There's full satisfaction in Postum a cup of comfort for anybody (the children included), any time. You can get Postum from your grocer or your waiter today, and probably youll begin to have better tomorrows, as so many thousands have had, who have made the change from coffee tO POStUm. ' ' " ..' "" ,-;:,' ... Posram come in two forms: Instant Poetom (in das) mad instantly in the cup by the addition of boiling water. Postum Cores) (in package of larger bulk, for thorn who ' prefer to make the drink while the meal is being prepared) mad by boiling for 20 minutes, Sold by all grocer, Postum' for Health "There's a Reason" Flying Automobile. -, A flying automobile 1 the latest de- ' velopment In the French aero world. A successful demonstration of an or dinary automobile with folding wings, two engines, on of ten horsepower for land going and the, other of 80O , horsepower for air .'travel, was held recently at Hue, Selne-et-Olse. Tha machine performed all the nsual feat of an airplane and also of an automo bile. ' . CuticuraSoap SHAVES Without Mug! CntlaereBoaewtbataeerttefetaefetrie Whose Daddy' BabyT . Daddy had scolded Pat for being a naughty' girl and she was cross and wouldn't speak to him. n vain did mother try to reconcile her, she abso lutely refused. ' "But. anyway, you're dadCy' Bveet baby, areu't you, Pat?" Pat vehemently wugged her copper head in, the negative. "You're not?" said mother In feigned surprlie. "Then who Is?" "Mllwyn." Mylwyn was mother's younger sister. Later in the day Mllwyn took Pat to the department store, where a nice lady talked to her. "And Is this your mother, darling?" "No," said Put, "that's my. daddy' sweet baby." Chicago Journal. Jugo-8lavla, Above all, Jugo-SIavla Is a peasant nation, with a great number of small estates, especially In Serbia. About 42 pt'r cent of the land Is cultivated, with wheat and com for the larger part, 15 per cent is pasture and ubout 80 ier cent Is covered with forests. In Bosnia, CO per cent Is forest landi The mineral wealth. Is richer In prom ise than in actual outputPierre De Lonux, In North American Uevlew. Considerate. Bobby (triumphantly) I prayed that Oott woufd make grundma better in four days and lie's dono it. Mother Why didn't you pray to bnvu her get better right away? Bubliy You know things take) time, Boston Transcript. That's Different. Browne "A woman Is forever talk lug about what she would do if sb were a man." Town "While a man contents himself with tulklng about whot he wouldn't do if he. were a woman." Life. Reptiles are not found In the Arctlo region.