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The Farmington times. (Farmington, St. Francois County, Mo.) 1905-1926, July 21, 1922, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89066996/1922-07-21/ed-1/seq-2/

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The trump card of the Republican
orator these days is labeled "Aid to
Agriculture".' No one knows why,
least of all, the farmer. He is fully
aware that the misnamed "emergency
farm tariff" did not give him one iota
of relief, he has no delusions that the
present tariff bill with its thin pen
nies for agriculture and its thick dol
lars for Big Business will be of any
greater help. The War Finance Cor
poration which has assisted agricul
ture co-operative marketing associa
tions was created by President Wil
son, strangled by a Republican Con
gress because it was the child of a
Democratic administration, and born
again as a Republican child. The
federal Reserve Bank and the farm
Loan Bank, the two agencies -which
have been the sole cause of easier
credits, both were created under a
Democratic administration. The Cap-per-Tincher
futures act, denounced by
many economists as hitting grain
price stabilization in a vital point, is
the sole bit of outstanding agricul
tural legislation accomplished by a
Republican Congress, and it has been
declared unconstitutional by the Su
preme Court of the United States.
And yet McCumber, Capper and all
the rest of 'em continually harp on
what the Republican party has done
for agriculture. They speak in gen
eral terms. They have to. Pinned
down and asked for specific accomp
lishments, they would founder in a
mire of meaningless words.
"What has the Republican party
done for agriculture? What will it
have accomplished when the perma
nent tariff finally is passed? For an
swer to the second question, we quote
from a recent editorial in the Wall
Street Journal of New York, a news
paper which certainly cannot be ac
cused of having biased Democratic
"The farmer has been given a tar
iff which, aside from wool, will not
increase the price of his products and
at the cost of making a hole under
neath his gate to let in trespassers.
The pig on the other side which is
rooting its way under is called "Per
manent Tariff." When it gets in, let
the farmer beware.
"When the farmer boys buy a saw,
shovel, scythe, corn knife or tool of
any kind, he will pay a heavy tax. He
will use a tariff-taxed hammer to
drive a tariff-taxed nail into a tariff
taxed fence board.
"When he harnesses his horses that
stand on tariff-taxed shoes, he should
know that every snap and buckle of
that harness is taxed. Even the but
tons and buckles, the snaps and hooks
and eyes of his own and his wife's
clothes are taxed. When he buys a
roll of barbed wire, plow or a mow
ing machine, the tariff tax on the
steel and iron of which it is made
will be passed on to him. Directly or
indirectly he will pay a tax on cloth
ing, furniture, kitchen utensils, med
icine and nearly everything he uses."
And yet the Republican oratort have
the audacity to call the present tariff
measure a help to the farmer. A help
it is
A help toward bankruptcy. Steel
ville Ledger.
That recent cartoon by Mr. Brown,
in which William J. Bryan was rep
resented as abandoning his elephant
hunt to pursue the monkey, Darwin
ism, into a jungie, has attracted a
good deal of attention among readers
of the Daily News. Mr. Bryan him
self found the cartoon interesting. In
a letter addressed by him to the car
toonist, Mr. Bryan writes:
"Villa Serena. Miami, Fla., March
31. My Dear Mr. Brown: Some one
has been kind enough to send me
your cartoon representing me as
abandoning the hunt for the elephant
in the effort to catch the monkey
Darwinism. I am aware that exag
geration is a legitimate weapon, just
as the microscope is legitimate. The
microscope and the cartoon exagger
ate and thus enable us to see things
that we might not be able to discern
otherwise. We make allowances for
the exaggeration and no harm is
"However, if you would be entirely
accurate you should represent me as
using a double-barreled shot-gun, fir
ing pne barrel at the elephant as he
tries to enter the treasury, and an
other at Darwinism the monkey as
he tries to enter the schoolroom.
"The parent has to protect all his
children and so those interested in so
ciety and civilization have to con
cern themselves in all that pertains to
the welfare of society. My speeches
have covered the three great involun
tary relationships namely, man's re
lation to government, man's relation
to society and man's relation to God.
The third is by far the most impor
tant of the three because a belief in
a Supreme Being is necessary to a
recognition of God's law of rewards.
Anything that undermines belief in
God, whether it banishes Him entire
ly, as materialism does, or puts Him
so far away that consciousness of re
sponsibility js destroyed, as Darwin
ism does, is necessarily a menace to
civilization as well as to Christianity.
Therefore, it seems necessary to pay
some attention to the agnostic and the
atheist as well as to the party that is
responsible for he present revenue
law which repealed the excess-profits
tax and relatively increased the bur
den on the poor.
"Thanking you for the compliment
you pay me in taking notice of my
interest in religion, I am very truly
yours, W. J. BRYAN."
Mr. Bryan's earnestness in seeking
out and combating menaces to civil
ization is known to all. He achieved
fame as a young congressman from
Nebraska before 1896 the year of
the free silver excitement by com
bating the tariff. He has been very
earnest in his numerous combats
since that first spectacular fight and
he has kept his large following by
reason of his sincerity rather than by
reason of his logic or of his victories.
The man who fights with all his
heart, whether he fights veritable
giants of iniquity or inoffensive wind
mills, has a quality quixotic, if you
like mat is not without charm.
Even Mr. Bryan, however, in his
implacable attack upon Darwinism,
might well pause long enough to re
study the premises from which he
draws the conclusion that the theory
of evolution is a menace to civiliza
tion and Christianity.
Meanwhile the public is indebted
to Mr. Bryan for the admirable des
cription in his letter to Mr. Brown of
the mission of the cartoon. Chicago
Daily News.
The Cape Girardeau Southeast Mis
sourian in a recent editorial under the
above caption regarding the coal sit
uation, said in part:
A ton of coal costs $7 in Cape Gi
rardeau now. A carload of coal may
cost much more, provided it is wanted
in a hurry. There is, in fact, no coal
for next winter's use, and there is no
telling when there will be any.
Coal dealers don't know what is up.
A telegram from Washington says
Hoover's activities will raise the price
of coal. Other reports say his efforts
will hold the price down- But' the
fact of the matter is that Jarge manu
facturers are now in the' Kentucky
fields bidding for coal, to keep their
plants going, and the price , of the
commonest grade has jumped from
?2 to about $4 at the mine.
Union coal miners in Illinois are
now moving to the southern coal
siates, which use non-union labor, and
the union officials raise no objection.
Mine stores in Illinois, owned by the
coal mine companies, are reported to
be giving credit to the striking min
ers. If this is true it shows that mine
owners and union leaders are not un
friendly. The strike is expected to continue
to September and perhaps into Os
tober. By that time cold weather will
be here and there will be a fight for
coal. No need to relate what will hap
pen to prices.
The people are in for another siege
at war prices, and every family in
Cupe Girardeau will feel the effect.
If the coal mines were all under the
supervision of the State Public Ser
vice Commission, the public would be
sitting tight. The price could not be
raised n cent.
The gas plant in Cape Girardeau is
todiy paying twice as much for coal
as it paid in March, and still the price
of gas is the same. What would be
the price of gas if the Public Service
Commission did not have the power
to regulate it?
The electric light plant is paying
twice as much for coal today as it
paid in April. What would be the
price of electricity and electric power
if the utilities company made its own
j;rice ?
i As gas and electricity are made
from coal, why not have the Public
Service Commission regulate the price
of coal 7 ;
Every house in Cape Girardeau uses
cohI, but not all of them use electricity
or gas. Therefore, it would be of far
mere benefit to all the people to have
the price of coal regulated by the
Public Service Commission.
The immediate cause of a revolt of
Republican Senators against the tar
iff ideas which the present Congress
has so far followed, was an issue that
arose unexpectedly over details of
the cotton schedule. In quick suc
cession four Finance Committee tex
tile amendments increasing the House
rates on coarse yarns, finer yarns,
bleached yarns and on cotton waste
were voted down. No less than four
teen Republican Senators joined the
negative side on one or more of the
four votes. A point strongly empha
sized is that those fourteen Senators
were so distributed among the differ
ent factions in Congress as to be un
usually representative of the party at
large. They included not only "Farm
Bloc" and progressive Senators, but
men like New of Indiana, Wadsworth
of New York, Willis of Ohio, Town
send of Michigan, McCormick of Ill
inois, uummins of Iowa.
The merit of the issue which re.
suited in these fourteen Senators
abandoning the party leaders ,on the
oi(i was pointedly ana, it may De pe
lieved, truthfully defined by Senator
Simmons. He declared that despite
the low duties of tha present Under
wood lay, American manufacturers
are competing so successfully with
foreigners in some classes of the
yarns that we export ten times as
much of them as we import and the
gross imports amount to only one-half
or 1 per cent. Ul cotton waste noth
ing is imoOTted except small nuanti
ties from the Philippines that enter
duty free, the inference seemed jus
tified that the increase in duties was
Every heaping spoonful
or iselloggs Cornflakes
gives athrill
of delidht
"Harry vp there, olJ Jimmy
horeet I can't wait much -
longer to get tome Kellogg' t
for lunch t They makm mm
etarvin' hungry! Hurry up,
I say!"
Little folks and big folks share full measure in the treats that
Kellogg's Corn Flakes generously supply I Kellogg's are so won
derful in flavor that you can't remember ever having tasted anything
so good! And, talk about crispness and crunchinessl There never,
was such fascinating food for every meal in the day, for snack-lunches
and between-times nibbles!
You're always keen and ready-set for Kellogg's those big, sunny
brown Corn Flakes are irresistible! Why it makes you hungry to
open a box and peep in! Don't side-track the happiness that must be
yours in serving Kellogg's! Start tomorrow morning and hear the
family delight expressed in no uncertain terms. For Kellogg's win
every one on first trial they're wonderful!
Be certain that you get KELLOGG'S, Corn Flakes.
To ask for "corn flakes" may bring you an imitation!
Look for the RED and GREEN package that bears
the signature of W.. K. Kellogg, originator of Corn
to enable certain manufacturers to
make greater profits through the
law and expand flotations. ,
The attempt in this case of few
manufacturers to write their own yarn
schedule no request for the increase
except from an intensely interested
source could be shown was defeated,
but in how many other cases have
similar attempts been successful?
Easily grasped conditions in the bus
iness world made the purpose of these
amendments very . plain, but the bill
is full .of details of like ' purpose,
though the intricacies of the measure
enable it more readily to be disguised.
If, like a notorious European dynasty,
leaders of long service in . Congress
have returned to the task of tariff
making without having learned any
thing, unlike that dynasty, they seem
to have forgotten everything forgot
ten tariff history not, so very remote
that has many tragic'pages for their
party. .
The bill is fundamentally wrong
would have been wrong if enacted a
decade or more ago, and, in view of
vast changes in world trade ani
finance, is little less than a land-mark
of political fatuity now. It can be de
fended neither in the counting room
nor on the stump. Economically, it is
unsound as a whole and unsound in
its parts. Politically it is but how
can its possibilities of political dis
aster be described in terms which
deaf leaders will heed and under
stand? i Since the revolt a renewed
movement for the Frelinghuysen plan
for a reorganized Tariff Commission
and scientifically determined schedules
is reported. That is a promising plan,
but ft must not be supposed that any
saving grace to be looked for in the
future from the incorporation of that
plan will render campaign denuncia
tions of the motives and handiwork
revealed in the schedules if enacted
as they stand any less appealing to
a disillusioned and sensitive consum
ing public.
What does this hopeful revolt
mean? It shows that the views of a
large part of the press which has been
criticised as unfairly attacking the
bill are shared by peculiarly repre
sentative party leaders. But what
does it mean in the recasting and per
manent improvement of the entire
bill? That weighty tariff decisions
should have been postponed until
strike problems and distinctively leg
islative problems have created a ver
itable jam in Congress is perfectly in
excusable, but it will be better to pass
no bill at all than to pass one that is
not right. Globe-Democrat.
AIm makers of KELLOGG'S KRUMSLE3 u J KELLOGG'S BRAN, cooked and kmmbW
.Are you going down the line on the
first day of August at the Democratic
Primary for a man who has been tried,
who has fought in the State Legisla
ture for you? Who refused to sell
you out and remained true to his
promises? Or are you going to let
some fellow who has an axe to grind
for some corporation, or some peanut
politician by slick advice. poison your
mind and rob you of your vote?
These fellows laugh behind their
hand knd say when you are not there,
"I fitted him, Labor will not stick.''
Now u your time to show him you can
stick, t If you don't stick, if you don't
get back, of your man this time, God
help the working man. The farmer
got his a loss of 11 billions of dol
lars the past year. The present mil
lionaire Congress has now started on
the working man.
The Cumberson-Fordney bill will
raise the price of food stuff over a bil
lion five hundred thousand dollars a
year. Still the barons agree wages
must be lowered. Your only hope is
to elect one of the common people,
one who will fight the working man's
battle. J. Scott Wolff keeps his prom
ises to stay true to labor and protect
the farmer.
Take your wife, daughter and
friends to the polls. Work to elect
the man who works for you. He needs
your vote, your wife's, your daugh
ter's and your friends' on Tuesday,
August 1st.
The difficulties which beset and
threaten to wreck the Harding admin
istration are changeable only in part
to the President. Their real genesis
dates back to the Congress elected in
the fall of 1918. The duty of that
Congress was reconstruction and a
Republican majority was returned be
cause Republican spellbinders per
suaded us that their party was the
party of efficiency and pre-eminently
qualified to meet the exacting, prac
tical requirements of the hour.
lhat Congress failed abjectly. The
one piece of constructive legislation
was the transportation act. and it is
doubtful if that act would have been
passed if President Wilson, after
granting one extension of time, had
not fixed a date for the return of the
railroads to private management, re
instead of devoting its energies to
the work of reconstruction the Re
publican leaders of that Congress
concentrated on the political program
ui uviamiiiK unu unuermimng wie
Wilson administration and restoring
the Republican party to full power.
It achieved a remarkable political suc
cess, but in every other respect the
record is a story of delinquency.
The extraordinary capacity for do
ing nothing has been handed down to
the present Congress. The results
that seethe and rage around us are
the inescapable heritage of evasion,
incapacity and an appalling lack of
understanding and vision.
Without leadership, without ser
vice, without purpose other than the
foolish day dream of "getting back to
normalcy'', we have drifted aimlessly
into the present whirlpool.
It may be that the restlessness, dis
satisfaction, - turmoil and violence
through which we have successively
passed was an unavoidable aftermath
of war, but surely it could have been
allayed to a great extent if the Gov
ernment at Washington had institut
ed the economies it had promised and
had energetically undertaken to com
mand popular confidence and respect.
Under the head of construction noth
ing of real moment has been accom
plished, with the important exception
of the armament congress. A process
at deflation under private initiative .
'It is a matter of common knowledge that this
year will see a revival of (gasoline) consumption
which will tax the physical reserves of the oil
industry to the utmost," says Petroleum Age in
its issue of April 15, 1922. .
Present conditions indicate that the prediction of
April 15 will be fulfilled. The estimated increase
of automobile regristrations in the states served
by the Standard Oil Company (Indiana) for 1922
will approximate 500,000, making a total proba
ble registration of 3,850,000 cars, i
Reports show that during the spring of 1922
large stocks of gasoline were accumulated, due
to two principal factors, both transitory; first,
the sensational production of the Mexia and
Haynesville fields, a production which, however,
has already fallen below half its peak and is
diminishing rapidly; and second the- heavy and
prolonged rains which made touring almost
These reserves of gasoline have served to keep
the market steady. Nevertheless, the vast in
crease in the number of automotive vehicles and
the extraordinary average mileage per car are
depleting the reserve stocks rapidly.
The Standard Oil Company (Indiana), following
its established practice of anticipating the needs
of the people in the territory it serves, has in
creased its facilities to an extent which enables
it to guarantee that it will be in position to
supply its patrons wherever they may be located.
The entire organization, realizing that it is deal
ing in a commodity essential to the happiness
and well-being of all the people is bending every
effort to keep the supply ahead of demand, that
the obligation of the Company to the consuming
public may be discharged completely.
Standard Oil Company
910 So. Michigan Ave., Chicago
has been at work, but it is undeniable
that wages have been deflated a good
deal faster than the cost of living. As
a matter of fact, such deflation as has
occurred in prices will be largely, if
not wholly, wiped out should the pend
ing tariff bill be passed. That is our
plight four years after the close of the
When the war ended the world was
sick, economically, industrially, mor
ally and temperamentally. Of that
world we are a component part. Con
gress chose to shut its eyes to that
fact. In consequence the inflamma
tion from which the rest of the world
has suffered has finally spread on us.
The inflammation can still be reduced
by sensible local applications, but a
cure calls for deeper, sounder treat
ment. If the present administration can
not see that reconstruction, to be ef
fective, must be conducted on a world
scale, then the people must, in due
time, elect an administration that can
see this truth an administration with
vision to see that 1914 is a date in an
cient history and that the problems of
the new age require new solutions.
Another little calf story has been
brought to our attention which goes
more and more to show how unfor
tunate a calf is to he born under a
Republican administration, and to
bear out the truth of the story, the
shipper sends along his shipping re
ceipt to verify his statement.
F. W. Graham, of Cabool, was the
shipper of three calves which weighed
when shipped 180 pounds; they fat
tened 20 pounds enroute from the re
turns, and the shipper was credited
with $2.25 for the three little inno
cent calves which suffered from the
normalcy period, but the returns also
showed the following charges: freight,
insurance and inspection, 85 cents;
yardage, 75 cents; commission, 66
cents; total charges, $2.26, with note
added that Bhipper was indebted to
manager in the amount of 1 cent at
Farmers' Exchange.
Poor shipper will have to send in
another calf and that may put him
further in the hole. Do you remem
ber of ever hearing of anything like
that under a Democratic administra
tion ? Facts and figures here to prove
all this and yet the 0. O. P. claims to
be the party of prosperity. Two
calves shipped brought 22 1-2" cents
each and now comes another ship
ment in which the poor fellow owes
one cent for the privilege of shipping.
The poor man and the Republican
party should be strangers forever
more. Houston Herald.
Everything, each week $1.50
The Woman's
Bank, too
There was a time when people
thought of a bank as an institntion for
men only a place of mystery where
women were unknown.
However, with the passing of time things
have changed ideas have progressed and to
day every up-to-date bank is a woman's bank,
This bank prides itself on being a woman's
bank a place where courtesy and personal at
tention are always shown. We should like very
much for you to come in and talk your financial
problems over with us.
St. Francois County Bank

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