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'MEXICO MISSOURI MESSAGE, MEXICO, MISSOURI.
POTHW MIS CONCEALED AMERICAN BATTERY IN PICARDY SALT WOODED SHIPS Method Used to Lengthen Life of Vessels. fir ' irttfMMii f rsmrawssMT THHswrTj Kj &JrJ il. ' ' ' SUITABLE SHELTER FOR HENS Howe of Appropriate . Size, With Nests, Root and Feeding Appli ance It Needed. Prepared y the United States Depart, ment of Agriculture.) Every flock of hens needs a suitable shelter a coop or house of appropri ate size, furnished with roosts, nests and appliances for feeding and wuter lng. A flock that Is to be used for breeding should also have a yard where the birds can exercise on the ground and in the open air. Hens kept only for eggs for the table may be confined to their house continuously for as long a time as ordinary hens are profitable layers. It Is better to give them an outdoor run, but when space is limited It can be dispensed with. Small flocks need a little more floor Apace per bird than large flocks, and birds confined constantly to the bouse .should have a little more floor space per bird than others. A coop for six hens should allow five or six square ' feet of floor space for each; a house for twenty to thirty hens, three or four square feet to'each. Yards are usu ally planned to give not less than 20 square feet of land per hen. Small. coops which can' be cleaned -without entering them may be built nly three or four feet high. This -height is most comfortable for the hens. Coops for flocks of more than six or eight birds must be of such , height that a grown person can move about in them. In a low coop the same opening will answer for door and win dow. In high coops with larger wall & rrn v - -J .A Boy's Backyard Poultry House, Built by Himself. surfaces a full-sized door and one or more windows are needed. ' Roosts are commonly made of small scantling or narrow strips of board, about eight or ten inches length of roost being allowed to each fowl. In small, low coops the roosts should be placed about twelve to fifteen inches from the floor. In larger coops wide hoards, to catch the droppings of the birds, are generally used under the roosts, the droppings board being from twenty to thirty Inches from the floor and the roost a few Inches above the droppings board. The simplest form of nest Is a box a little over a foot square and not less than five or six Inches deep. When ispaee Is limited the nests should be at tached to the wall, the bottom of the nest being a foot or more from the floor. For flocks of frVe or six hens two nests are needed ; for larger flocks one nest for each four or five hens. The feeding utensils required are: Hoppers for dry mash, trough for ta ble scraps or moist mash, small hop pers for shell and grit, and drinking pans or fountains. For Hocks contain ing not more than 30 birds one of each kind of utensil, If of appropriate size, Is enough. . FAVOR SPREAD OF DISEASES Uamp, Poor Ventilated Quarter En courage Such Ailmen'i as Roup. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Cold, damp, poorly lighted and ven tilated poultry quarters favor the spread of sucli diseases as roup. Such contagious diseases as these are diffl cult and sometimes Impossible to con trol unless given attention in the early stages. Whenever preventative meas ures fall, separate sick birds from the flock as soon as there Is evidence of disease, and then consult expert advice . to effect a cure. MANY ERRORS OF BEGINNERS difficult Problems Will Be Presented Before Success In Any Large . Degree Is, Attained. Prepared by the United States Depart- mem or Agriculture.) Beginners in the poultry business "will probably make many mistakes and difficult problems will be presented for solution before success la any large measure will be attained. As soon as it is found to be a paying investment, more capital may be put into the plant Turkey Raising on Farm. Turkey raising, as ordinarily en gaged in, is a side line upon the gen era! farm. For those persons wBo are .favorably situated for raising tur keys, a more profitable aide line can .hardly be found. Plenty of range la essential to success. . . Bronze Most Popular. ' The most widely known turkey ts the Bronze, after which come the White Holland, the Bourbon Red, the Black, the Nurragunsett and the JSlate. -. t L i i I y l Ay The American batteries have been an important factor In stopping the great drive of the Huns on the Plcardy front. The picture shows a concealed American battery and members of the gun crew gathering empty shells from the powerful 75's.- TREAT WOUNDED Red . Cross Workers Refuse Retreat While There Is Work To Do. to AMERICANS IN HERO ROLE Incident of Early Spring Offensive of Huns on the Somme That Should Make Americana Proud of Their Men. Washington. The story of the part America and Americans played iu aid ing the British and the French during the eurly spring offensive of the Ger mans on the Somme can never be ade quately told. The whole picture is too .big to paint on one canvas. It is only by describing the work of Individuals and particular groups of workers that some idea of the American effort and its effectiveness In this historic battle can be brought home to the people back home and then only in a small way. While it is perhaps only a very small Incident in the history of that great affair, the story of how a small band of American lied Cross workers "carried on" at one of the evacuation hospitals back of the British front should make Americans proud. When all but a few of the hospital staff had left with the two hundred or more patients and the Germans were ad vancing only a few miles away, four American army surgeons, assigned to the American Red Cross for work at this particular hospital, declared their Intention of "sticking till h froze over." And six Red Cross ambulance and .truck drivers, as well as several American Red Cross nurses and aides "stuck" with them. The Americans made their decision 1 not because of sheer bravado, but be cause the hospital -had the opportu nity of serving a few wounded sol diers from day to day and could save their lives. And at this writing these Americans are still there, giving much Deeded medical attention to French and British soldiers who are brought back to this hospital because It is ! the nearest one back of that point of the line. Stay on the Job. The big guns of the British and French have been planted in the rear of It and then moved farther back. The Boche airmen come over at night The little group of Americans have seen the troops, guns and transports go by in streams to points in the rear, but as long as the wounded are brought there, these. Americana will stay. 1 A few hours after American Red ' Cross headquarters In Paris learned ' of the big German offensive, It dis patched eight trucks and motor cars to this hospital to aid, In the evacua tion of the patients. Night and day the Red Cross drivers worked bring ing the wounded from the hospital to Paris. i When this bad been accomplished RAISE GARDEN STUFF i Red Cross . Establishes Truck Farms In France. , Supplies Recreation and Employment to Convalescents and Increases , Food Supply. Parts. With a view to supplying recreation and employment to conval escents, ' and Incidentally Increasing the food supply, the American Red Cross has established ten truck farms la connection with base hospitals in France where, under trained supervision,- the convalescents are raising vegetables for consumption in the hos pitals. The number of farms will be Increased during the year, thn Ameri can Red Cross supplying seed Imple ments and trained supervision, well as money for operating expenses. At one place, where there are three base hospitals together, a farm of 100 acres Is now under cultivation, though ? i , ,; 4?? f)r t V': -II . i 5 , .... V. A ; III FACE OF FOE - the Red Cross curs went out Into the surrounding country to pick up the wounded, who were attempting to walk to a hospital, and to aid the refugees straggling along the r ad. Besides transporting these two hun dred or more wounded men to places of safety, the Red Cross cars aided 130 refugees to the railheads in three uays. But their work had only begun. Despite the evncuutlon of the hospital and the consequent order for more of the staff to accompany the patients to points of safety, the wounded kept coming In.- Ninety per cent of them were serious cases. Practically nil demanded immediate operations. Not simple operations, but major ones; where a steady nerve, delicate touch and sure hand were necessary to give the wounded the best chance for life. Work Night and Day. Night and day the American sur geons worked. There were a few nurses to assist, but all were tired completely fagged, mentally and physically. Every one needed rest. But there were the men coming in every few hours, their bodies pitifully torn, and suffering untold agonies. So no one thought of stopping, and even when one did get a few hours off duty tlfere were the big guns only a few hundred feet from the hospital. They belched and roared all night. Of course, some of the cases were hopeless and no amount of surgical skill or medical attention could save them. Here again the American Red Cross men came in for more work. They had to dig the graves and act as pallbearers. One night was especially hard. The doctors were kept busy in the oper ating room until three o'clock in the morning. The nurses had to have a bit of rest. One nurse only was avail able. So again the Red Cross drivers were called upon. One became an aid to the operating surgeon, remaining In service until the last wounded man was rolled finally Into his bed. BROTHERS PREFER DEATH TO EXPOSURE OF BODIES Pittsburgh, Pa. Rather than expose their bodies to a physical examination William and Chris tian Hoag, brothers, prefer death. This was their state ment to United States Commis sioner Knox here when they were charged with evading the draft by not presenting them selves for physical examination. Order Pickled Cabbage. Pittsburgh, Pa. The local food ad ministration has decided to make sauerkraut less German by striking out the hyphen. It has been officially placed on the list of patriotic foods and it' ts believed more would be eat en If given the name "pickled cab bage." the average farm Is about eight acres. Two of the larger farms are equipped with tractors. For the most part, how ever, the work is hand labor, that the convalescents may profit to the utmost from the outdoor exercise. Owing to climate conditions garden ing Is an all-the-year-round occupation In France and is carried on in a most Intensive way, with every inch of ground under cultivation and rows be tween rows, aa, for Instance, cabbages between ' rows of potatoes. When plants are removed In the morning the ground is worked over during the day and. by night the soil is again at work on fresldy sown seed. No charge is made the hospitals for the produce, but accounts are kept and it Is expect ed to show that the farms more than pay for the cost of operation. . Through these gardens muny French Poilus will have their first taste of tho great American delicacy, "corn on the cob." A greater use of a variety of vegetables Is made in France than In America and the Red Cross ts supply ing seed for beans, beets, cabbuge, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, carrots, celery, Swiss chard, chicory, corn, cu- Turns Seepage Into Brine, Which Acta as a Preservative of the Wood. Seattle, Wash. C. O. Morrow, pres ident of the EUIottray Shipbuilding corupuny, suffered something of a shock the other morning, but at that it was nothing to the shock suffered by several prominent citizens who were taking a stroll through the company's big wooden shipbuilding plnut. The citizens were shocked when they discovered thut 20 tons of rock salt is used in building each of the big wood en ships now under construction la Seattle. Mr. Morrow was shocked be cause his callers didn't know that rock salt is a shipbuilding material. Every body on the water front knows that, but it seems that there are a lot of prominent business men who didn't. Thero Is now a suspicion that only a very few residents east of Railroad avenue know that a wooden ship has to bo salted. In showing the prominent citizens about his plant Mr. Morrow came to the building In which he stores this rock salt. A railroad car was unload ing another shipment. "This Is where we keep the salt for the ships," said Morrow. "Haw, haw !" said one caller, who Is something of a humorist. "I suppose you're afraid the ships will get too fresh?" "That's the exact truth," said Mr. Morrow. But the citizens wouldn't believe him until they had examined the salt. Some of them tasted it. The storehouses contuined 120 tons. Mr, Morrow explained that the salt is poured between the frames of a wooden ship above the water line and is tumped down solid. Then if any wa ter seeps Into the spaces between the frames it is turned to brine and does not damage the wood. Instead, it acts as a preservative. FIRST CONSOLATION W urn N..ppr VnionVfn The wounded soldier's first consola tion Is a cigarette to soothe his nerves, and his comrades are sympathetically eager to bring him the comfort. "Flat-Foot" Walks 113 Miles. ElklnS, W. Va. Tom Blnns, twenty two, a miner, says "nine" is lucky for him. Eight times he tried to get Into the United States military service but failed because of flat feet. The ninth time carried him over. He is now a member of the naval reserves. To prove that he was able to hike with the best of them, Blnns walked 113 miles. Prevents Sugar Famine. Pullman, Wash. Boys and girls be longing to Washington's Juvenile clubs are to be enlisted In the patri otic movement to raise sugar beets tills year, to be stored and set out In the spring of 1019, to produce beet seed for the spring of 1920. It Is expected in this way thut the threat ened sugar famine mny be averted. cumbers, leeks, lettuce, melons, mache salad, onions, parsley, peas, potatoes, parsnips, pumpkins, radishes, spinach, squash, tomatoes, turnips, cress, fen nel and sorrel. A large amount of the List is used both as a boiled vegetable and In making soup. eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee IF A WATCH IS WEARING APPAREL, THEN HE WINS' Wichita, Kan. Is a watch wearing apparel? That Is the question that John Lewis, a Wichita furniture, dealer, has asked the courts to decide. Lew- is has the business In his wife's name. - He has been sued sev eral times lately. In one suit his watch and all the money that he happened to have wiUt him, SO cents, were attached. Lewis, through h's st- ' torney, claims that the watch is wearing apparel, "adornment," and cites the Ceutury dictionary for proof. it W e 0 I National and Local Meat Business The meat business of the country is conducted by various agencies N By small slaughter-houses in villages By local Abattoirs or small Packing Houses in towns both Using only a part of the local live stock supply and Furnishing only a part of the local demand for meat. These slaughtering and distributing agencies fill a well denned but neces sarily restricted place in the distribu tion of -the products of live stock. But only packer like Swift & Company, organized on a national scale, are able to undertake the ser vice that is more vitally important, involving An Obligation to the Producer To purchase for spot cash all the live stock the producer may send to market for slaughter. An Obligation to the Consumer To make available to every con sumer, everywhere, in season and out, the full supply and variety of meat products, of the highest standard that the market affords. Year Boole of interesting and instructive facts sent on request. Address Swift & Company, Union Stock Yards, Chicago, Illinois Swift & Company, U. S. A. Sapolio doing its foru.5.Marine Join APPLY AT ANY POST OFFICE1 SHOCK MOIOAMV sews ca for SERVICE Liked a Change. "Why did that brilliant woman marry a stupid man?" "Because her first husband was a fenlus." London Answers. Bn A HeaBthy (SBaSBd All children troubled with worms have an un healthy color, which indicates poor blood, and as a rule, there is more or less stomach disturbance. TaatoBasa gBsBBB To a Bo contains just what the blood needs, Iron and Quinine, in a form acceptable to the most delicate stomach end if given regularly for two or three weeks wilt enrich the blood, improve the digestion and act as a' general strengthening tonic to the whole system. Nature will then throw off or dispel the worms, and the child will be in perfect health. It is pleasant to take. Price 60c . PERFECTLY HARMLESS. CONTAINS Nf NUX-V0MICA OR OTHER POISONOUS DRUGS. ; Whan A General Ctronrjihcrs tnfj Torsio 3 Heeded in tho Homo For Tho Child, For thofJcihcr or thoFniko Tnko Grove's TacZeleoo, ill :! K "i 'I! work. Scouring Corps recruits. Now! UNDER THIS EMBLEM The Gulf Stream. The gulf stream Is more rapid thaB the Amazon, more impetuous than OM Mississippi, nnd Its volume more thaav 1.000 times greater. Lj9CTP aiw I