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MEXICO MISSOURI MESSAGE, MEXICO. MISSOURI.
HG fflS FOR UflCLEJl'S III Day and Night Forces at Work on Weapons for Fighters, v PRODUCTION IN YEAR'S TIME Plants for Manufacture of Ordnance Have Increased More Than 90 Per Cent Since Beginning of the War. From tho Committee on Tubllo Informa tion, Washington, D. C.) The foundries of 10 steel plants in the United States are today doing capacity business. Throughout the night tho work will go on with slight interruption. The whistles that blow to announce closing time to one army of workers will be a summons to an other shift to take Its turn. The blast of chimneys will continue to roar, and tho glittering white-hot streams of anolten metal will flow Into the molds. A year ago only two of these sixteen foundries where cannon forglngs are -now being made were In existence. The foundries at Bethlehem and Mid vale represented almost our entire re sources for the making of cannon lorgings. Today those two plants con stitute less than 10 per cent of our total facilities for making such prod ucts. In one year a new industry has been created in this country. It Is new not only in the sense that the 14 foundries have been built, but that the processes -of manufacture ore new. Making .gun forglngs is different from making steel forglngs for any other purpose The heated steel must be pressed ana not hammered. The methods of beat treating the steel, of cooling it, and of annealing the molten metal are all dif ferent. Yet, within one year, this new industry bus been built up in this country, and today it provides the wherewithal for the carrying out of an .artillery program the like of which has not been projected in any other country. Nor is that alL In more than a score of other factories gun carriages, recoil mechanisms and other parts of artil lery are being made. For the making of those farts, new Industries have likewise been created. As an instance -a new industry was established to manufacture glass of a quality avail able for use in telescopic sights on can non. Such glass had never been made in the United States before. Handicapped at Start. When we entered the war we were handicapped by a lack of technical , duiowieugc. - ne una ueea a peaceiui .people; we hud not trained our scien tists and engineers in the art of mu nitions making. Therefore, we had hut one ordnance expert for every 200 in Germany. We went into this war with an ordnance bureau consisting of fit officers and 820 enlisted men. Not all of those 97 officers were ordnance experts. Some of them were only on detail to the ordnunce department. In fact, not more than eight of them were charged with the designing work in the muuufucture of artillery. Be fore a year had elupsed, the ordnance department had grown into an organi sation of 5,000 officers, 30,000 enlisted men and 20,000 civilian employees. It has undergone a thorough reshap ing to adapt Itself to the. extraordinary new conditions. The ordnance bu teuu in the first part of the war did a total business of $4,700,000,000. In peace times its average annual ex penditures were $14,000,000. Large as these figures seem, astound ing as this rute of expansion must ap pear, they give only a scant idea of tho difficulties faced by the ordnance department in its year df preparatory work. Ordnunce is a highly technical tubject. The few who kuew it thor oughly have hud the double task of furnishing Ideas and perfecting de signs und of imparting their know! edge to others. They hud to be work crs and teachers lu the Bauie duy. The old ordnunce department of less than 100 officers was split, up into a .gun-carriuge division, a cannon divi sion, a sniull-arms division, and so onr each division being charged with the design and production of some purt of ordnunce material. Manufacture of ordnunce material was curried on al most entirely In government arsenals. The problem of production was not difficult. A few officers could follow a gun through from the duy that it was first sketched out on puper until it was turned over to a field artillery regi ment. But when the ordnuute depart ment was culled upon to put through a program Involving expenditures and contracts totaling more than $1,500, 000,000 in a single year, the old way of doing business had to end and the old form of organization had to be aban doned. Organized the Forces. To meet the new problem, most of tho ordnunce experts the regular army officers were assembled In what is known as the engineering bureau of the ordnunce department, and to this bureau was given the task of design ing ordnance material, llow much de signing work there is to be done In . the ordnunce department is suggested by the facl; that 10,000 blue prints a duy are turned out la .Washington for. the Information of manufacturers of ordnance material. The next big tusk of the ordnance department, after designing the ma terial, was to place contracts and pur chase orders. It was extremely dlfll , cult to Gpd plants where ordnance ma terial could be mode, and In a great many cases It was necessary to have factories built, or to have them equip ped throughout with new machinery and tools. Sometimes the ordnance de partment could not find anything more to begin with than a group of men who knew manufacturing . methods. It would persuade them to undertake the making of some pnrt, would fiDnnce them in building a plant and In buying machinery, and then would set them at work manufacturing the thing need ed in the war program. It Is clear that the work of placing contracts and orders on so large a scale is an in dustrial rather than a military func tion. Consequently nn almost entire ly civilian personnel was selected for the procurement .division, .men who were experienced In the lines of In dustry affected, as, for Instance, ex perts in shell Industry, in explosives, machine tools, textiles, etc. The orders placed, it was next nec essary to follow them up In each of the more than 1,000 munitions fac tories engaged upon ordnance work. To do this, and to force quick produc tion, a production division was organ ised which has representatives In every plant and which Is responsible for all production of material. This division, too, Is made up almost entirely of civlliuns commissioned for the period of the war. An inspection division has the duty of making sure that guns and shells are up to specifications. After the material has been manufactured, Inspected and accepted by the United States government, it is next necessary to supply it to troops in the training camps in this country and to the Amer ican expeditionary forces In France. Numerous Articles Required. The extremely difficult problem of the supply division of the ordnance de partment Is readily understood' when it is known that there are more than 100,000 different articles which must be furnished to our fighting forces and which must be distributed under the most difficult circumstances without a hitch. These 100,000 articles range from the small striker or firing pin of a rifle or a little nut or bolt to a mam moth railway mount for a 16-Inch how itzer. Some of the artillery carriages have as many as 7,000 parts and it is the duty of the ordnance department to repair and maintain such material. The rifle Is the ready weapon of the infantryman. Owing to the changed conditions of modern warfare, it does not retain the extraordinary place of importance it once held. It is still, however, the principal stand-by of the American soldier, and the maintenance of an adequate reserve of rifles is, therefore, a matter of much concern. Ilave we enough rifles for our rifle- carrying soldiers? We have. What is more, we aro able to outfit them with the very best type of rifle known in the munitions world. For a number of years before the war the superiority of the United States model of 1003 (popularly called the Springfield) was well recognized. In five international meets, extending over n period of five years, our riflemen, using the Spring field, won first place every time, de feating the marksmen of 15 nations. Moat of our opponents were armed with types of the Mauser rifle, which is used by the Germans. The new United Stutes model of 1917 (popu larly called the modified Enfield) is substantially the equivalent of the Springfield. It was decided to manu facture the modified Enfield because our American factories, which had ac cepted large contracts from Great Brit ain, could turn this weapon out In larger quantities than the Springfield, which had been made only at govern ment arsenals. Our rate of rifle production is to dny 50,000 per week. Every three months we are now making ns many rifles as we had altogether at the be ginning of the wnr. Yet that original supply (600,000 Sprlngflelds and 100,- 000 rifles of other sorts) was, from tho start, sufficient to equip the rifle-carrying men of an army of a million. We can congratulate ourselves about rifles, Knottiest Problem of All. But artillery manufacture was the knottiest problem of all. It Is almost Impossible to make the layman under stand how difficult It Is tb manufacture a piece of modern artillery. Perhaps that was the reason, or one of the rea sons, why public opinion In this conn try failed to listen to the warnings of ordnnnce experts and provide adequate appropriations for artillery manufac ture years ago. For the last 12 years the war department has been telling congress that artillery could not be nindo quickly after the outbrcnk of war. A year would be required to be gin deliveries on any guns in quantity, these experts told congress. To pro vide for artillery mnnufa-.ture oa a vast scale would take even longer, be- cause 4h that event literully scores of new plants would have to be built, mil lions of dollars' worth of machine tools and equipment would have to be pro vided and thousands upon thousands of men would have to be taught a line of work unknown to them at the outset. ' Thnt Is precisely what tho ordnance department has been doing since the declaration of war. It has been creating manufacturing facili ties to make artillery. Arrangements were made to provide our troops with artillery of British and French manu facture while our own manufacturing resources wero being' developed. Al though, thus far, this reliance upon the resources of our allies has proved satisfactory, naturally the war de partment Is anxious to gain Independ ence in its artillery supply ati the earliest possible moment, and that Is the task upon which the energies of the ordnance department are now concentrated. Every possible effort Is. being made to expedite production of artillery. YANKEE FIGHTERS NEARING COAST A host of khnkl-clad soldiers of the view of France where they are about POISON GAS SHIP IN RACE WITH U-BOAT Destroyers Appear as Shell Falls but Ten Feet Off Stern. HAS HUGE CARGO OF DEATH Preinhter Develops Engine Trouble and Falls Behind Convoy Sub marine Bobs Up and Begins Hurling Shells. By FRAZIER HUNT (In the Chicago Tribune.) An American Naval Base In France. A lad from the U. S. Destroyer 652 had just finished narrating how close they hnd come to getting a sub marine on the last trip when they bad brought in a big convoy of troopers. "Some boat she is," he remarked offhand. "We did seven thousand knots last month and In three sub fights. Say, what was those funny steel drums you had piled on the deck of your old cargo ship when you come In yesterday?" A lad from the Atlantic freight ferry boat turned to the destroyer gob. "Those steel drums you asked about didn't have nothing at all in them ex cept about a million gallons of the most dangerous poison gas ever made. Can you Imagine what would happen If a torpedo or even a shell had hit one of those tanks?" This ship, which we shall call the Terrunce, left New York as part of a convoy of 13 stores ships. Cargo of Death. On this trip it was carrying several thousand steel drums of poison gas that the army needed badly. It was a dangerous cargo. Any explosion on board would tear open these drums of concentrated gas and In ten seconds choke the crew to death. The only hope would be to use respirators, so a hundred gas masks were borrowed from the army and the executive offi cer of the ship called all hands for In structions three times a day. The first ten days of the trip were uneventful. Then the Terrance's en gines began acting badly. It could not make the required ten knots and slow ly it fell behind. There were not suffi cient convoying destroyers to have one remain behind, so all that stood be tween the Terrance's drums of death and a German submarine was the fore and aft guns. Finally, at six o'clock one evening, the gas mask drill just had ended when the lookout in the crow's nest shouted down that a submarine was coming to the surface on the port side, some 0,000 yards astern. And here was the Terrance with crippled' engines hobbling nlong six or seven knots an hour, with the convoy 20 miles ahead. "Open fire with the stern gun. Cull general quarters. Send S. O. S. to the convoy. Send word to the chief en gineer," were four orders the skipper on tho bridge gave first. Through his binoculars he could see the submarine coming to the surface. Even now the Terrance's stern gun was peppering away shots, but fulling short of the mark by 1,500 yards. In half a minute more the subma rine's conning tower opened and men TEUTON SHELLS ARE BAD From 50 to 70 Per Cent Fail to Explode During Ma me Retreat the Germans Used Old Stuff to Keep Up Morale. With the American Army in France. American artillery officers estimated recer.vly that at certain stages of the German retreat north of the Murne from 50 to 70 per cent of the shells fired by the enemy fulled to explode. One night, after the Germans crossed the Vesle the enemy fired 72 shells of large caliber Into a wooded tract where American troops were supposed to be quartered and artillery experts of -one of the divisions engaged re ported that only four of these shells bad exploded. ' . Nono'of the American officers sug ested that the German f hells wr dir- t United States lining the rails of an American lighter as they get their first to disembark. crawled out and uncovered the subma rine's two guns. In another minute the first shell came whining toward the Terrance. It. too, fell away short Call for Help. In the radio room the operator was pounding out the call for help, and now came the answer that the destroy ers were comng to aid. Down below the whole engine force was working madly. Suddenly a miracle happened and the starboard engines began sup plying power to the propeller. From a bare seven knots, the ship Jumped to ten then eleven, twelve. Meantime on the bridge the officers with gas masks strapped at alert po sition were getting the thrill of their whole life as the old boat picked up speed. Sub shells now were falling within 300 yards of the ship. With the Terrance's new speed the sub gained slowly, but the skipper and officers knew Its guns would out range their own and soon find a mark. It was a great race with life or death for the goal. , Then from the edge of the world DYE INDUSTRY GROWING Government Report Shows Re markable Progress Made. One Hundred and Ninety American Firms Now Make Dyea and Drugs. Washington. The remarkable suc cess of the American chemists and chemical manufacturers In developing the dyestuffs Industry, when the sup plies of dyes from Germany were cut off, Is strikingly shown In a report just Issued by the United States tariff commission entitled, "Census of Dyes and Coal-Tar Chemicals. 1917." At the outbreak of the European war, Germany dominated the world's trade in dyes and drugs derived from coal-tnr. Before the war, seven Amer ican firms manufactured dyes from imported German materials. In 1917, 190 American concerns were engaged In the manufacture of dyes, drugs and other chemiculs derived from coal-tar, and of this number, 81 firms produced coal-tnr dyes from Atnertcnn materials which were approximately equivalent In total weight to the annual imports before the war. The total output of the 190 firms, exclusive of those en gaged In the manufacture of explo sives and synthetic resins, was over 54,000,000 pounds with a value of about $09,000,000. Large amounts of the staple dyes for which there Is a great demand are now being manufactured In the United Stntes, A few of the important dyes, such as the vnt dyes derived from aliz arin, anthracene, und cnrbnzol, are still not made. The needs of the wool Industry ure being more satisfactorily met than the needs of the cotton in dustry. The report gives In detail the names of the manufacturers of each dye or other product and tho qunntlty and value of each produced, except in cases where the number of producers Is so small that the operations of In- terioratlng. There had been day after day of rain during the retreat, nnd it was believed possible that In the with drawal the Germans had not been able to take the usual precautions against dampness, the result being that many projectiles from some of the big guns failed to do anything more than strike tho earth with a thud. One officer suggested that possibly the Germans had been firing old shells rather thun no shells at all, tho offi cers realizing thnt only a few of them were exploding, but preferring to keep the. big guns pounding away merely la an effort to keep up the morale of the men putting up the reur-guard fight. The average number of faulty shells Is geuernlly from 2 to 8 per cent An Arizona scientist hopes to fix the tlmo of the cliff dwellers by comparing the age rings of tree trunks still stand ing In their homes with the rings on the oldtt&t trees uovr living. OF FRANCE t. 9 WosHrn Nwtpsrf ITn'on f"i -ft'' NEW ZEALANDERS EAT E PRISONERS, HUNS TOLD ? London. New Zealand troops always eat their prisoners. Such is the Intest output of the Ger man behlnd-the-llnes propa ganda which recently armed the Americans with tomahawks and shotguns. "First the New Zealanders give you cigarettes, then you fig- X ure in their menu," officers had t Informed a bunch of Huns re- cently enptured. They refused T the' cigarettes. came the smoke of destroyers shoot ing ahead like flaming arrows. Thirty knots and more they were making. In another minute they could trace their outline. But the sub was nearlng, too. One shell broke less, than thirty yards away. Seconds seemed like hours, but each brought the rescuing destroyers near er. They were heading straight for the sub, and no sub cares for that. There was one more shot, then the gunners ran to the conning tower and climbed Inside. Two minutes later she submerged. Their last shot hit within ten feet of the Terrance's stern. dividual firms would be disclosed. Seventeen hundred nnd thirty-three chemists or engineers were engaged In research and chemical control of this new Industry, or 8.8 per cent of the total of 19,043 employees. The report also contains an interesting ac count of the history and development of the Industry since the outbreak of the European war. ALABAMA BUCK KEEPS WORD Former Negro Preacher Evolves Per- feet Answer to Theology of Huns. Paris. "Rev." Arthur Jefferson Is his name. Before the war he used to "preach 'roun" in northern Alabama. Now he's the buckest buck private In a negro regiment that has already earned fame in the line. He evolved the perfect answer to Prussian theol ogy 15 minutes nfter he got Into that line. The Germans opposite It was a quiet sector had hung out a big sign bearing the Potsdam profanation, "Gott mit uns." Arthur Jefferson took one long look at It. Then he disappeared into a dugout. He appeared later with the legend, laboriously inscribed on. a box "Germans: Consign your souls to the Lord. In 'bout four minutes your bodies going to belong to Alabama." And they did. CHASES KAISER IN SLEEP Ohio Man Dreams He's Fighting Ger mans and Shoots Self in Shoulder. Toledo, O. John Brooks. while dreaming he was fighting the Germans nnd had ihe kaiser chasing upstairs in tne palace at Wilhelmstras.se, drew n revolver from beneath his pillow anil fired nt the fleeing Hun. Doctors called to take care of Brooks said that the bullet hud passed through his shoulder, but that he would recover. CHARGES DEATH TO SAVE MEN American Staff Officer Falls Mortalry t Wounded in Gallant Action in Lorraine. With the American Army tn Lor rniue. The fighting on the new Amer ican front In Lorraine was featured by the gallant action of un American staff officer. w uen tne omeer saw there was danger of part of his advancing forces being outtluuked by German machine gunners he personally led his men In a charge against the guns. He captured one gun himself and Ids men tKk the others. The officer Was wounded, probably mortally. The office r's troops belonged to the division operating on the eastern wing of the American offensive sector. They had taken the village of Norroy and were pressing onward In the face of opposition from machine gun nests. The Irregular advance suddeidy ex posed one uult to a flanking fire and the officer forgot that he as a staff officer was supposed to stay away trout the fighting and rushed la. . Lives 200 Years I tho (sniouit national remedy of Holland. hiiH been recognized nn an infallible relief from all forma of kidney and bladder di ordera. lta very age ia proof that it miut have unusual merit. . ', If you are troubled with paina or aches in the back, feci tired in the morning. headaches, indigestion, insomnia, tminful or too frequent passive of urine, irritation or stone in the hlnrtuer, you will nlmot certainly lind relief in GOLD MKDAL Haarlem Oil Capsules. This is the good old remedy that haa ntood the test for Hundreds of years, prepared in the proper ?uantity and convenient form to take, t ia imported direct from Holland lab oratories, and you can get it at any onig atore. it ia a stanuura, old-tima Dome remedy and needs no introduction. Each capsule contains one dose of live drops and is nteaaant and easy to take. They will quickly relieve those stiffened joints, that backache, rheumatism, lum bago, sciatica, gall stones, gravel, "brick dust," etc. Your money promptly refund ed if they do not relieve you. But be sure to get the genuine (ULI MtlML Drana. In boxes, three sizes. Adv. Oculist's "Break." A woman alert of figure and attrac rlvely groomed was having her eyes tested. And while the oculist treated them she seemed to think it necessary to explain : "I'm afraid I have overtaxed my eyes, l use tnem nil day and tnen read half the night." The oculist Interrupted to contrib ute his share to the sociability: 'Xotllng to worry over. The eye always need stronger glusses as one gets along In years." For the barest flash the womaa.- bnd the appearance of one who haa received an unexpected shock. Then il-.e rallied and took another turn: "Of course, I never thought of that. I ought to realize that I am getting old. but, somehow, I feel so young Inside." Which shows that one oculist in this town would be In n bad way if hi Skill was on a level with his tact. -Washington Star. And Then He Wasn't Pleased. After Thomas Soar, Esq., had been a member of the city council for several years he thought that at the earliest opportunity he would endenvor to get a permanent record of his term of of fice there. Nothing could be more fit ting than to have a street called sXter him. After having expressed his desire t several of his cronies on the strict Q. T. he got ills wish. They had a plac named after him : "Soar place." London Mall. What He Could Do. "What:" snarled the rapid-fire rea taurunt's customer who had too many double chins on the buck of his neck. Only one lump of sugar for my cof fee? I want four lumps : Can't a maa get what he wants in this dump if be) pays for It?" "He can want what he gets," coldly replied Hortense, the waitress, "or he can get outwith a ketchup bottle bust ed on his heud. See?" Kansas City Star. Cutlcura Kills Dandruff. Anoint spots of dandruff with Cutl cura Ointment. Follow at once by a bot shampoo with Cutlcura Soap, if a man; next morning if a woman. For free samples address, "Cutlcura, Dept X Boston." At druggists and by mall. Soap 25, Ointment 25 and 50. Adv. Inexorable Law. The law of reaping us we sow runs through the universe. The man who sows pennies will reap a penny crop. The man who sows dollars will reap dollars. When Baby is Teelhlni GROTB'S BABY UOWHL MH1HC1NM wilt Co me etuuaun una uowei troaDit. ieridcur leu. See dlrecUoiu oa tlie bouin Male gossips are the worst of the breed. WOMAN WORKS 15 HOURS A DAY Marvelous Story of Woman's Change from Weakness to Strength by Taking Druggist's Advice. Peru, Ind. " I suffered from a dis placement with backache and dragging down pains so badly that at times I could not be on my feet and it did not seem as though '1 could stand I L i tried dillerent medicines without any benefit and .several doctors told me nothing but an operation would do me any good. My drug- E'st told ma of ydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound. I took it with the result that I am now well and strone. 1 tret nn In the mornintr at four o'clock, do my housework, then go to a factory and work all day, come home and get supper and feel good. I don't know how many of my friends I have told what Lydia E. Pinkham'e Vegetable Compound ha) done for me, "Airs. Anna Ubtebiano, SO West 10th St, Peru, Ind. Women who suffer from any such ail ments should not fail to try this f amoua root and herb remedy, Lydia E. Pink ham's Vegetable Compound. . fK Vm mm ProrlcW Kleetrloity for ll(kt thklXlHiO J houMhuld power, wfm.il mm eoi. feiwple eUeut ete; Beetle rdllll IltUw eueolloo It Usee fete et f ff tUelt. Ijllvet iBsyruyed tyiM -U" of I lertrto flaut, buOl te tea Plant ew-Wrlu lor terUomUwe (. UbXa oif. auto ca. jm m, l