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Clark's Great Speech.
MIGHTY EFFORT IN BEHALF OF FREE COINAGE OF SILVER. Demonetization of Silver the Masses and Ruin and Pauperism to More Than Half the American People. 'iigrfiii:iu Clark StsimL Muuroly on the liiftitfu lMullonii it li I iiqiieslioiiably Favor ItiiiiolHlli-m --He KeoreM the (oII1i.kh of the Kht Fart ami FigureM for Silver A Masterly Argument by an ie knoMletlgetl leader in the HoiiMe. Hon. Champ Clark, Kcprcfenta tive from this (the Ninth) district, made the following masterly speech in favor of the free coinage of sil ver in the House of Representatives last Saturday night. Mr. Clark commanded the closest attention of the entire body for two hours and when he finished his effort was pronounced one of the great speeches of the debate. After a tiv; minutes preliminary talk Mr. Clark went directly to his subject as follows : THE ISSl'E STATER To demonetize or not to demonet ize silver is the question that now confronts us. We might as wel recognize the truth and look it squarely in the face. There is no good to come of beating around the Ijuli. There is no sense in whipping the devil around the stump. Xo subterfuge, no sophistry can delude the people on this momen tous subject. The issue is squarely joined. There is, there can be no misunderstanding about it. From utterances, public and private, here, from articles in current magazines and lM-riodieals, we know that it is the remorseless purpose of a minor ity of this House to utterly destroy silver as a money metal, while a majority of us are determined to re store it to its place of ancient honor, usefulness, and beneficence in the coinage of the country. There can be no straddling, no dodging, no foraging between the lines, and no fence riding in this fierce contest. He who is not with us is against us. The newspapers say that the mo nonietalltsts have hoisted the black (lag and will give no quarter. Be it so. We double-standard Democrats, knowing that we are standing on the Democratic platform, and all of it not on one sentence wrenched from its context and realizing that our cause is righteous, propose to faithfully and steadfastly represent the people who sent us hither. The Western Democracy says to the legions of the single gold stand ard: f 'ome one T rome all : This rork &hall fly Krum ita firm 1 ;ts, as soon an 1. To demonetize silveris practically to confiscate one-half of all the property in the United States; to double the diflieulty of every debtor in tne laud to meet his obligations; to cause stagnation, in every branch ot business except clipping nontax able gold coupons off of nontax able gold bonds; to carry ruin, pau perism, and misery into one-halt the homes between the two oceans, Then shall be fulfilled that scripture which says: Whosoever hath not, from him shall toe taKen away even that he hath. Carlisle's evidence. I will quote to you words strong er than any my tongue can fashion words from a man whom from mv youth up I had regarded as an ideal statesman a man at hose gen ions and eloquence to a large extent ed ucated the people of this country in to a thorough detestation ot the high protective tariff system a man whose speeches have been used as a text-book to win voters to correct political opinions a man whom millions of his fellow-citizens had fondly hoped to see I'resiilentjof the Kepublic Hon. John Griffin Car lisle, now Secretary of the Treasury. In 1878, when a Kepresentative in Congress, on this floor, on the ques tion ot demonetizing silver, he used this remarkable vigorous language: According to my view of the subject, the conspiracy which seems to have been formed" here and In Europe to destroy by legislation and otherwise from three-Heveiitiis to one-half of the metallic money of the world is the most gigantic crime of this or any other age. The consummation of Much a scheme would ultimately entail more misery upon the human race than all the wars, pestilence, and famine that ever occurred in the history of the world. The absolute and instantaneous de struction of half the entire movable property of the world, including houses, ships, railroads, and all other appliances for carrying on commerce, while it would be felt more sensibly at the same moment, would not pro ducenythinjf like the prolonged dis tress and disorganization ot society that ruuwt inevitably result from the permanent annihilation ot one-half of the metallic mouey in the world. These were words fitly spoken, and are like apples of gold in pic tures of silver. When a monument is erected to his memory there should be inscribed upon it that prophetic utterance as his noblest epitaph. Shakspeare says: To iriM reined ndd. to paint the lily. To throw a -rfuim- on tht riolet. To smooth the ice, or add another hue 1 nto the rainbow, or with taper-light To ""ok the buautioua eye ot beavt-u t tar nish , la wasteful and ridiuIoon exerts. And really to undertake to add anything to the forceful and truth ful words of the great Kentuckian is a work of supererogation. They sank deep into the minds of the Western and Southwestern people, and have contributed largely to give hearts of oak to those who under all vicissitudes have loyally fought un der the double standard bequeathed to us by the Fathers of the Repub lic as a portion of our priceless her itage. The people oh, the people! have wonderlul memories, and they still fondly cherish those words as containing a truth of portentous import. THE PLATFORM. I am a Democrat I stand by the platform by all of it bj every jot and tittle of it; because I be lieved in it with my whole heart when it was made and I believe in it with ray whole heart now. It con tains the Democratic gospel pure and andefiled. Over no political utterance did I ever rejoice more THE Means Untold Misery to than over that, because it was it t Janus-faced double-dealing, good Lord, good devil, all things to u!l men sort of document, but was a clear, bold, honest, manly, master ful, comprehensive declaration of Democratic faith. From a hundred rostrums, in the presence of high Heaven and thousands ot intelligent, law-abiding, industrious, (Sod-fearing, patriotic people, I pledged niv- self to stand by it here, and, come what may, I am going to keep my word. The main planks in that platform ar tariff tor revenue only and bimetallism, in all which those terms imply. It means that, or the English language has no signifi cance whatsoever. It promised the people unlimited coinage of both silver and gold. Mr. Tracey: Not in the platform. Mr. Clark cf Missouri: Yes, sir. Mr. Tracey: No, sir. Mr. Clark of Missouri: And that they shall have, it my vote will give it to them. Loud applause. J Mr. Lane: We will join yon. Mr. Clark ot Missouri: Mr. Speaker, it is an old saying that all things are fair in love or war, and some people appear to Mieve that anything is fair in politics. I dis sent in toto from any such immor al doctrine. The people have a right to honest treatment at the hands of those who aspire to be their agents in public affairs, and to the man who betrays them thev will send the silken bowstring for his own destruction. Loud ap- plause.J It is my solemn eonvie tion that tne man who will deceive the people to obtain an office will desert them when in office. I reiterate the proposition and it cannot be repeated too often that the Chicago platform proclaimed to all the world that we are in favor of cutting the tariff to a strictly rev. enue basis, and in favor of bimetal lism; and let me tell the single gold standard Democrats that if the peo pie west of the Alleghenies had not 11x1 t I n , ... oenevea mat ootn 01 those things would come about there would now be no Democratic Congress to pass a money bill and no Democratic President to sign one. fLoud ap plause.J The people knew what they wanted, and they thought thev knew what they were getting I Laughter and applause. I Shall they have it, or shall they not? 1Y--1I 1 . . vni we reaeem the solemn pledges made by tongue and pen to the people and be considered their benefactors forever, or will we vio late our vows and have pronounced upon our heads their anathema maranatha? Hill we restore hap piness and prosperity to the laud and "read our history in a nation's eyes, or will we be the iustru meuts in creating universal bank ruptcy among the people who have committed to our hands a sacred trust? These questions I press home up on the mind, heart, and conscience or every Democrat upon this floor. An illustrious statesman once said, and I commend the wisdom of his words to all men of all parties "You may fool part of the people all tne time; you may tool ail the peo pie part of the time; but you can't tool all the peop'e all the time." The seventh section of the Chica- .!.. V I . - g" oiaworui veroaiim runs in these words: We denounce the Republ'can legis lation Known as tne (Sherman act ot 1890 as a cowardly makesliift fraught with possibilities of danger in the l ture which should make all of its sm- poners, as wen as us autnor, anxious for its speedy repeal. We hold the use of both gold and silver as the standard money of the country ami to ine coinage or notn gold anil silver without discriminating agaiust either metal or charge for mintage, but the dollar unit of coinage ot both metais must be of equal intrinsic and ex changeable value or tie adjusted through international agreement or by such safeguards of legislation as shall insure the maintenance of the parity of the two metals aud the equal pow er of every dollar at all times in the markets and in the pavmeut of debts: and we demand that all paper cur rency shall be kept at par with and redeemable in such coin. We insist upon this policy as especially neces sary (or the protection of the 'farmers aud laboring classes, the first and most defenseless victims of unstable money and a fluctuating currency. That is the last authoritativeDem ocratic utterance on the subject of finance, and it appears to me to mark out a path so plain that even the wayfaring man, though a fool, cannot err therein. That is the platform; and what is a platform any wsy? Is it an hon est declaration of principles which the framers honestly intend to en act into laws if they attain to pow er, or is it a dishonest device where by to entrap the unwary voter? Is it a candid statement of the faith that is in us, or is it a bait to catch gudgeons? Is it the plighted word of men of honor to accomplish certain things, or is it only "A good enough Mor gan" till after election, which pal ters with the people in a double sense which "keeps the word of promise to the ear and breaks it to the hope?" If the former, then Democrats are thoroughly committed to the same treatment for both silver and gold; it the latter, may God have mercy on us, for a duped aud out raged .people will not Applause. When going into the battle of Trafalgar, which was to establish his country's supremacy upon the seas, which was destined to write his name high upon the roll of English-speaking heroes, and which was to witness his own trazic but glorious death, Horatio Nelson, the most puissant spirit that ever rode the watery main, signaled his fleet, HThU day England expects every man to do his duty ."The world knows the result. As we go into this great tiuaiicial Trafalgar, the producng section of this land, bleeding at every pore from stabs ot poisoned, protected stilettos, signal Longresa, -This day America eajects ertrv liepreseiitative to do his duty.' Applause- It we do we will win such a vie tory tor the prosjierity aud the hap piness oi the human race as has not been won since John Sub'teski defeated the Turks under the walls ot Vienna, and thereby saved this world from the baleful and heart less domination of the Mohamme dans. All this talk about the Democrat ic pat ty going to pieces on the finan cial rock makes a lover of hi coun try sick at heart. With the whole force of mv be ing I believe that it will live up to its promises aud redeem its pledges. 'Our friends, the enemy," need not lav the flattering unction to their souls that it is about to commit sui cide bv splitting into two warring factions. It cannot, it must not, it will not. l Applause. I It is the rent bulwark of civil liberty, and the only hope of constitutional gov eminent on tne wuoie lace oi tne . i .i i r . a i. art h. In its early days it drank at the fountain of perpetual youth; it will be living in pristine vigor when the youngest of us shall have nioul- lered into dust, and it is destined. under (Sod, to yet give the peoj ntiinesot honest, benignant, in telligent, and patriotic adnunistra tion. Applause 1 MlSSoriil WANTS SILVER. The gentleman from Mary land Mr. Kayner, who led the advance guard of the single gold standard cohorts, seems to be harboring the delusion that no body is interested in silver coin age except the silver -producers of the liocky Mountain States and Territories. He might as well disabuse his mind of that hallucination at once and for ever. Missouri is an imperial Com mon wealth. She is one of the greatest agricultural States ever formed by the hand of God. So tar as is now known, she has not a paying gold or silver mine within her borders. These are about the only good things with which she is not bountifully provided. Laugh ter. But she has what is far better than gold and silver mines. She has 68,r00 square miles of land, the richest under heaven on the surface rich in soil and beneath the surface rich in coal, marble,onyx,build ing stone, and all the baser use ful metals. She produces in profusion wheat, oats, corn, cotton, pork, beef, mutton,fruit, and other commodities, which she exchanges for gold and sil ver, and her people want silver coinage for the following rea sons: With all her accumulat ed wealth and her incalculable natural resources, she is still a debtor State. Her people be lieve that silver is one of the money metals of the Constitu 'tion; they believe that the ex perience of four thousand years lias demonstrated it to be good money Applause; they believe that it was corruptly and wick edly demonetized in 1873. Having contracted debts under the double standard, they claim that they have the indefeasible right to pay them under the same standard; they deem it nothing short of robbery com mitted under the forms of law to have them doubled by act o Congress; they say that when they have mortgaged a farm for $;,000 to some Las tern com pany, their chosen servants have no right by hostile legisla tion to practically raise the mortgage to $10,000. Applause they believe that the financial paralysis and terror from which the country is now suffering have been produced by the twin evils oi the high protective tar in and the constant contraction of the currency; and they de clare that the clock has struck the hour when Congress should cease to legislate exclusively for what Mr. Blaine, for some unaccountable reason, denomi nated the nine industrial States. Applause. AS TO IGNORANCE. The gentleman from Mary land Mr. Kayner, in his im passioned address the other day, declared that our eonten tion that gold and silver are the money of the Constitution is an argument constantly addressed to the ignorance ot the country ' I ' i : . l ,.- iiiiiLis certainly a reiresriing sort of statement. It appears to me tnat somewnere 1 have heard before of persons who ex- .i .... ... ... . . pioueu tneir superiority over the remainder of mankind, and who stood on the street corners rolling their eyes to heaven and thanking ttod they were not as other people. Laughter. There are umiuestionablv a ereat nany wise men in the East, Laughter. that proposition cannot be ainsayed; for Solomon lived there; Sociates lived there: Cato lived there: Lord Bacon lived there; and the gentleman from Maryland lives there. Laugh ter. But 1 beg leave to observe that living in the east and be ing in lavor of a single gold standard do not necessarily make a man wise any more than living in the south or west and being in favor of the double standard prove his ignorance. The gentleman's assumption is a gratuitous insult to a majority of his fellow citizens. I apprehend that if the gen tleman from Maryland wili pay a visit to the Mississippi Val ley and extend his journey to the home of my friend from Col orado Mr. Fence he , will change his opinion somewhat touching the question of intelli gence while he is wearing off his character of a tenderfoot. Laughter. There is no imminent danger that wisdom will die with the men from the East. Laughter. In his Commentaries, Caesar di vided all Gaul into three part. If the imperial historian were alive and could witness the scenes enact ed here, especially the airs of su perior wisdom and bonesly aaeum-' ed by some of the gentlemen on the other side, he would change his text so as to read: Al gall is in one concentrated lamp, huge as high Olympus, and la found among the single eold standard Represen tatives in Congress. Laughter. Hut I undertake to say that until the chief industry of th East came to be lending money tho wisdom of the hast was on our mule, ana that until the senior Senator from Ohio took a trip to Europe in 1807 every great statesman ot tnis coun try, even in the Kst, had been a biiuetallist. Applause. It was oneot the very uivv propo sitions ever agreed upon by Alex under mmilton, the grwdlatner of the Republican party, and Thomas JelTt-rson, the chief priest, prophet, and apostle of constitu tional liberty. Let gentlemen think of that. It must furnish the gold-standard men ample food for reflection and give them pause. Whatever else may be said of Alexander Hamil ton, he had more brains and more courage than any other man who ever fought democracy on this con linent, and Thomas Jefferson pos sensed one of the most exquisite brains ever housed in a human skull. Anplause.l Anything po litical aavueated by the ;reat Vir ginian 1 am Willi. lg to swear by now. Applause Hamilton rec- ommeuiled, in his celebrated re port to Congress, that tho unit of value should rest on both silver and gold, and gave his reason in these words: To annul the use of either of the metals at money In to abridge the quantity of the circulating medium, and is liable to all the objections which arise from a comparison of the benefits of a lull with the ovils of a scanty circulation. He submitted the report to Jef ferson, and that immortal states man indorsed it in these words, "I return you the report on the mint I concur with you that the unit must etand on both metals." Hamilton, who was the original aristocrat of America who advo cated a vote based on property be cause the rich had, accoiding to his theory, the largest eta's e in the Covernment be who furnished Republicans with their theories, their political chart and com pass, and Thomas Jefferson, the father of Democracy, who looms up againot the sky of history a. the typical American President, who was the profuundest original think er that ever devoted hiti life to statesmanship, who plowed his name deeper into the hearts and his political ideas deeper into the minds of men than any other man of whom his toty has presetved an authentic record these men, antagonists, competitors and enemies in their lives: antagonists, competitors and enemies in history and in their graves they agreed that j;old and silver both should constitute the unit of our coinage. It must have been plain indeed to induce those two bitter rivals and good haters to agree. An ignorant man or even the distinguished scholar from Maryland is in pretty good company when with Thomas Jef ferson, to say nothing of Alexan der Hamilton Aye, more. I state here and now, without the fear of successful contradiction, that until unhallow ed greed combined with prostitut ed ingenuity to discover new ways of despoiling the many for the benefit of the few, no great, finan cier of any age or clime can be named who seriously advocated single standard, while on cur side the roll call includes all the emi nent political economists who ever lived. pplausf-J Ever Ernest Sayd repented of his sins and lived to become a bimet allist; but his disciples on this side the water are joined to their idol, and still stand by his discard ed theory hich is only another illustration of the truth that The evil that men do lives after them the good is oft interred witli their bones. Laughter. THE DISEASE. The gentleman from Ohio f.VIr Hartet likens our Uncle S.mue to a pauent suffering from alcohol ism, and prescribes the (old Care. 1 hat he is very eick is true, but lr. Ilirter makes an incorrect di agnosis. He is suffering not from delirium tremens, but tenemia--from poverty of the blood from inanition from a lick of the cir culating mt-dium. The gentleman's remedy for our uncle, who has heen bled almost to death by the Shylocks for their pound of fleBh, is to still further deplete the tot tering and enf.ebled old man by further bleeding Like the horse leech's daughter, he still cries in the dull ears of the UluRtriovjiS suf ferer: "Givtl iivi!" Liugbter. lie turns to the aitenuing physi cian and commands: "Wbetyou. iance aud plunge it into the old msn's jugular veil !" What this country needs is not Dr. Hartr'e Iron Tonic, bun l)r. 15!and's Silver Cordial. THE PANIC AND II S CAUSES. Tne gentleman from New Yorki Mr. Ilendrix, who acknowledges mat he is a Missounan by nativity, who is fortunate enough to be the j president of a national back, and who came to Congress by wsy of the East, Ltughttr, draws a soul harrowing and tear-compelliDg pic ture of the long-euflerina ana Da- triotic New York bankets standing in the breach after the manner of Leonidas at Tbermonvla. and "holding up the financial system of the country bv the ne.tk" Liughter. Inia is certainly a rpectacle for men and angels. 1 he trouble is that thev have had the business of the count. v bv the neck until they have choked the breath of life out ot its body Applause and laughter and until ine consuming desire oi the great mass of the people is to break that same neck hold of Wall street. Speaking as one having author ity, he curtly infotma those who have the temerity to diflerwah him that they are advocating "infernal ro-,," "gibbering idiocy," "rank, staring, stark insanity," and "the height of midsummer madness." These are rather har.h charges to prefer against the representa tives of great constituencies sent to this Hall to legislate for a lree peopie because they have the courage and fidelity to stand here ana contend for their rights, Lom bard street, Wall street and th oiaiaay ot ihreadneedle street' to the contrary notwithstanding Applause. He repeatt dly told us that -Ki l A r01oU0D"y Process which God set in motion had evolutet every civiliieJ ntin - . w naujK'a KUtU ju.b into the OlnnU J of ineffable felicity. Laughter.1 Now, I never wm much of u t evolutionlat, and have alwaya pre-i ferred Moses to Darwin; but alter J listening to the gentleman's speech, believe more tirmly w tne ren- tateuoh than ever for if the sum- urn bonum the chei-dceuvre the ultimate resultthe highest product of all the evolutionary process is a Wall street gold bug, then the evolutionary process has been of little benefit to the human race. (! reat laughter. According to hia rather curious theory (lod Almighty and not the Sherman law is responsible for the condition that involves the globe to-day and is therefore pre sumably in favor of the gold stand ard. I have in my time witnessed at tempts to unload many of the er rors, sins and follies of men upon the Creator; but to ask rational be ings to believe that he is the author ot the direful calamities now op pressing mankind, and that he is sponsor for the single gold stand ard is certainly taxing human credulity to its utmost limit. Ltughter. In the absence oi revelation on the subject, and con sidering all the circumstantial evi dence in the case, it looks as though he were on our Bide; be- cause he is always on the right Bide. Liughter And because in the beginning, in bis infinite wisdom, he so distributed the precious metals throughout the world that after six thousand years of cease, less human endeavor the quanti ties of gold and silver in circula tion are almost precisely the same. Is that a mere accident? Was not the omnipotent finger of Almighty God visible in it from the first? There is. there can be but one answer. He created man and womep to go in pairs, and bade them "Co forth, mul tiply, and replenish the earth." With alacrity has that com mand been obeyed. Laugh ter.l He also created silver and golu to go in pairs, and sent them forth on the mission of propagating, multiplying and replenishing the business of the world. Nobly have they discharged that duty, and oi them, as of the bride and bride groom at the marriage altar, may it be appropriately said: "Whom Uod hath joined together let no man put asunder." Rut we are dogmatically told that these metals which have been the faithful servants of humanity from a time whereof the memory ol man runneth not to the contrary must now, after being lawfully wedded lor sixty centuries, be divorced at the behest of England the bully ana freebooter among the nations of the earth I beg gentlemen to remember that just as certainly as our mania for divorce between husband and wife is sapping the foundations of our social and moral fabric, just so surely will the divorce of gold and silver sap the foundations of our business fabric and cause the temple of our prosperity to topple to the dust. the gentleman assumes the role ot prophet, and exhibits to us the happiness and glory in store for us if we vote with him, and the infamy and ex ecration to which we are heirs we vote as our constituents desire us to vote. Indeed, all the gentle, men on that side of the question indulge liberally in prophecies They call to mind what Charles Dickens says of David Copper field s sitting night after night under the gallery of the House of Commons, "recording predictions that never came to pass, prophe cies that were never fulfilled, end explanations that were only meant to mystuy." Langhter.J ne tens us tnat tne panic was brought about, not by reason of the bherman law, but because the Anglo Saxon race has overdone the busi ness of production. But he offered no remedy for the evil. The Anglo- saxons are an industrious, ambi tious, thrifty stock; but what would he have them do stop the plow in its lurrow, the sickle in the swarth and the mill in its grinding? That is decidedly rough on people who want to work, who know how to work, and who find their chief de light in work in the sweet hope of making pleasant the lives of their children. Rut if the panic in the United States is chargeable to the over-pro- auction oi Anglo-Saxons, how does ? L V JL I 1 ' t it uappeu uim it came on nrst in the South American republics, where few Anglo-Saxons find an abiding piace, ana wnere Spanish-Ameri cans constitute the bulk of the population? He draws a graphic picture of how the money kings of Lombard street in London will jeer and hoot at us when they read of the fou proposed ratios and what he is pleas ed to term the omnibus in which all can ride. Let them jeer and hoot till the crack of doom. I thank God my allegiance is not to the money changers of Lombard street, but to one hundred and seventy .:-. .1 . 1 . . ciguv mousiuiu loiung ireenien in the great ptate of Missouri. Ap plause, j He professes himself nn interna tional binietalhet, and wants silver coinage postponed to a more con venient season, ignoring the fact that hope deferred maketh the neartsiCK. lie desires us to wait and follow England, France, Ger many, Russia, Austria-Hungary, naiy, opain, Holland, Portugal, Switzerland and all other countries ; that is to say, that America, the richest nation under tf arm ducing 2S per cent, of all the' gold and 41 per cent, of all the silver of the world, shall patiently and meek I : . - i , .... ly wiih, vup m nana, tin every eigui-uy-ien Kingdom principality in Europe shall give her permission to lift up her lusty voice in the bus iness attairs on which the happiness and prosperity of all her people de pend. The masses of the United Statesthe men who produce the weaun ana not the men who grow rich by levying tolls from passing through their hands do not love the practices or the practi tioners of Lombard street. The day has surely come at last when this Republic should lead and not follow in the procession of the nations, aud if that day has not al ready dawned may God speed it in w-uiuiug. aiore than one hun dred and seventeen years ago this country, then a feeble infant.declar- cu its political independence of all' "B wor'ai ana some people have the audacity to believe that she navrng grown to colossal proportions should declare her financial inde pendence and be free indeed. TAd- I . - . and England. cuts our commercial acquaintance what men t nwouiu inevitably eive us control of the commerce of every silver-using country on the globe France, In dia, Mexico and the Central Ameri- can states, ana tne nepuuues oi South America which would more than compensate us for the English trade.- Applause. Gentlemen talk as though Europe bought our wheat, corn, , pork and beef because they love us. That is not true. They are hungry and must east." That is the reason they buy our stuff. The gentleman lauds Thomas II. Benton for facing his own party on a question of ratios in 1834, and prays for some other man to rise up in the Mississippi Valley and make himself great by imitating the heroic example of "Old Bul lion." Thomas II. Benton was a great man and formed one of the quadrilateral of the greatest states men who have at any one time ap peared together in the Senate of the United States. His splendid career constitutes one of the most valued treasures of Missouri and of the Re public. I hope some day to see his effigy in Statuary Hall, but it is not advisable for Representatives here to follow blindly his example in all things, unless they would en ter the pathway which leads to po litical death. Virgil says, Facilis descensus averno easy the road to destruction and so the haughty, belligerent, imperious Benton found it to his everlasting undoing. The awful catastrophe of his career should be a warning to all who hear me this moment. In an hour fatal to his success he peremptorily refused to obey the instructions of the Missou ri Legislature as to his vote on a cer tain vital measure pending in Con gress, and he fell, like Lucifer, never to hope again. I have no sort of doubt that if the departed dead take cognizance of the affairs of this lower world, and Benton could speak to us this day, his advice to Repre sentatives would be, "Stand by your constituents vox populi, vox Dei the voice of the people is the voice of God." This panic is a monstrous crime against the prosperity and happi ness of the American people. Ap plause. It is purely fictitious absolutely without foundation, ex cept for the insatiable greed of the men who have planned and manip ulated it to fill their coffers with ill gotten gains. They have overdone the thing. Thy wanted a scare and squeeze to accomplish their ne farious purposes ; but they did not want it to assume its present pro portions. They started it, but they could not guide it. They sowed the wind, and they are reaping the whirlwind. They have realized the truth of the old dictum that wicked inventions sometimes return to plague the inventors. They are in the condition of the philosopher who took a few pieces of wood, leather and iron and made him a devil, and after he had made him discovered that the devil controlled him, instead of his controlling the devil. Laughter. WHY THE WEST WANTS SILVER The people of the West want sil ver money at the old ratio of 16 to 1 Applause, beefalise they Want more money ; and they want more money because they need it in their busi ness and in the development of their illimitable resources There is not enough gold in the world to furnish money enough for its necessities. Everybody admits that. You must use silver or some substitute. You can not get around it. Aii tne political economists are agreed that the prosperous condi tion of a country is where the vol ume of currency is gradually in creasing, and that where the volume of money is either stationary or de creasing, business stagnates and the wheels of progress cease to re volve. David Hume puts it this wav : It is certain that since the discovery of the mines in America industry has increased in all the nations of Europe. We find that in every kingdom iuw wuicu money oesrins to now in greater abundance than formerlv. everything takes a new face; labor and Industry gain life, the merchant be comes more enterprising, the ruanu- lacturer more diligent and skillful, and even the farmer follows his plow with more alacrity and attention. It is of no manner of consequence with regard to the domestic happiness of a wie wueiner money De m greater or less quantity. The good policy of the niHK'Hiraie consists only in Keeping it, ii pussiuje, buu increasing; oecause by mat means ne Keeps alive a spirit of i . . ..... i . . . i . . ... muuB-ry iu me naiiou ana increases the stock of labor, in which consists all real power and riches. A nation whose money decreases is actually at that time weaker aud more miserable man auotner nation which possesses no more money, but is on the increas ing nanu. Uliam II. Crawford, Secretary oi me i reasury, in a report to Con gross, datedFebruary 12, 1820,says aii in-OiJlljein, writers on nnrmnov agree that when it is decreasing in amount, poverty and misery must prevail. Mr. R. M. T. Hunter, in a renort L At IT...1 1 ii. . ,,.. io me L nueu males Senate in 1852 says : uian tne ereat effect nm.iii u Don h man socintv ),. th ,i.. of America, there were probably none so marked. a those brought by the great influx of the precious metals from the IVew World to the Old. Eu ropean industry had beeu deeliuinsr uuder the decreasing atnr-k m h .: clous metals and an appreciating uuuihu ingenuity grew dull under the paralyzing iii floeuces of declining profits; and cap ital absorbed nearly all thi .,. f.i i. .... u ... r . ..., uivc urou uivioea Detween Hand la bor. . But an increase of th als, In such quantity as to check this tendency, operated as a new motive power to themachloery of commerce. Production was stimulated by finding the advantages of a change in the ..uuuu uiue. instead of be inir repressed bv hftvini. ..... than ii stipulated for the useTf cTpT tal, it was stimulated hv i ' . -i"""""! a oenenred. for new demands werer created for it b the in Industrial pursuits had developed; iv trained much more in the crreater demand for ... .... -.:-?: added to ita c&oacitv fop rAnmrliiAfu., and to Its real value. v " .,I!.e.,m,i.8?"ef W0.U.W be great, in- h"2Ln i ? to adopt standard of value, T .a ",I alone would diminish the sixJcie cur rency more than one-half; and the re duction the other way, should silver w huwu as meoniy Mandard, would be larsre enoutrh to nrnvn hi.Kin trona to the human race. - - . I could pile up authorities for a week ;but they are all to the same ef fect and, these must suffice. - Why will we not accept the con claaions oJlen who have probed financial problems to the bottom? , It is said that experience is a dear school but that fools will learn in no other. . Gentlemen on the other side ad mit that there is not enough money in the country, for they rejoice with us that gold is now returning to this country; they try to make us be lieve that the annual output of gold available for coinage is constantly increasing, and they ask us to join them in passing a law authorizing the national banks to issue bills up to the full limit of the par value of the bonds on deposit. The first source of increase which they suggest; the return of gold from abroad may or may not be permanent ; the second source of increase, the growing annual output of gold available for coinage, is without basis of fact, as conclusive ly demonstrated by the gentleman from Utah last. Saturday; and as to the third source of increase the leave to the national banks to issue more bills we are not particularly enamored with the idea of placing ourselves absolutely at the mercy of the national banks and give them power to expand and contract the volume of the currency at will. Applause. And at best this proffered in crease of the national bank circula tion is a delusion and a snare be cause it is a historic fact known of all men that they will not issue notes up to the 90 per cent limit as they can now do under the present law. These gentlemen stand here day after day and assert that nobody wants silver money, and that no body will have it. Nothing could be further from the truth. The people take it; the people use it; the people love it. A silver dollar will buy as much of the necessar ies or luxuries of life as a gold or paper dollar, and if it had been fairlv treated bv the Secretaries of the Treasury it would be this day at par, and even above par, as it was in 1873. Give us unlimited coinage of silver at the old ratio of 1G to 1 and it will fit once jump to its old position, side by side with gold. If France, with a much smaller population, territory, and business than we have, can sustain and uphold seven hundred millions of silver at a ratio of 15i to I, certainly, with our growing popu lation, with our expanding busi ness, with our undeveloped terri tory, we can maintain at the ratio of 16 to I all the silver we are likely to have. THE CRIME OF 1873. The history of silver can be bn. fly told. From the days when Abraham fed his flocks and herds on the plains of Palestine gold and silver both had been the money of commerce and of civilization until 1873, when the silver dollar was surreptitiously struck from the coinage of the country bv leg islative legerdemain, by aMichi avellian trick, by a confidence game that will put to blush the boldest three-card monte man upon the plains, by a species of juggling that would cause the most expert -Japanese artist to turn green with envy. Laughter I From that day to this there has been nothing but trouble, turmoil vexation of spirit, crimination and recrimination on the money ques tion. That was tne most astounding piece of legislation ever enacted in any civilized country since the morning stars first sang together bo lar as can now be ascertained nobody demanded it, and only a small and select coterie knew that the silver dollar was demonetized until some months after the tell deed had been accomplished. Such men as Allan G. Thurman, James It. Blame, William M. Stewart, James A. Garfield, DanielW. Voor- hees, William D. Kelley, Ulysses S. Grant, and others of high char acter, must be believed when they solemnly asseverate that they did not know that that infamous bill, witn the innocent title of "Regu lating the Mint," struck down one halt the money of the world. To this day no man has ever giv en a cogent or satisfactory reason tor that unparalleled act of conns cation for that is precisely what it was bald, heartless, wicked con hscation; lor, let it never be for gotten that at the identical moment wben that bill was passed the eil ver minion in a silver dollar was worth 103 cents in gold Applause. It was not a "dishonest dollar" then, it was not a "fiat dollar" then it wa9 not a "GO cent dollar thee, as the gentlemen claim it is now. rase a law to put it back where the conspirators of 1873 found it, and it will rise to par again, ana constitute tne main stay of the Government and the people in evety crisis of their fate True, silver has apparently cone on since inn, but everything eise inat our larmers have to sell has gone down with it. In 1S7S wheat sold at 47 per bushel. and now it sells at about 60 cents per bushel. And the following table tens tne remainder ol the sad. sad siory . Year. Wbrat. Cotton. Silver 1ST3 tsnt... 1X74 . . 1N7.V... i7ti. . . . 1K77.... IS7S.... 1K7K 1 47 1 31 1 44 1.1, 1.24 1.17 1 :u 1 tr7 1 Si 1 11 l.iw l l;t 1.117 .m .S7 .SB .So .Ml .S3 .K5 .11 .SO 19 3 1S.S 15.4 15.0 13.0 ll.H 11.1 . 11.6 11 4 II. 4 lo. f) lo & 10.6 0.11 D.S 9.S 9 10.1 III, 0 8.7 7. 1 32 1 1.S7 1.24 115 I SO 1.16 1.12 1 14 1.13 1.13 1.11 1 01 1.0B M 104 .Ml .m .75 ISJUt.... 1SC1.... 1HK.... 1SK3 ... lKNI 1SHT, ... lKSB 1.W7 l!H ... IMM) 1HIMI 1SM1 ... 1SH2 1NM. . . . ah other farm products hw gone down in about Ihe sime pro portion. Whatever the farmer has eoia ne had to sell in the open markets of the world in cmnti. Hon with the pauper labor of Eu rope, Asia, Africa and thn iolnH of the sea, and whatever be bought no woo cumpeiieo to Duy at prices fixed at abnormally high figures by cur stake-and-rider-tariff. No wonder he is discontented, diamn. ouiaie ana aetermined to find remedy. 1 . i -k . Hut, as a matter of truth, has sil ver aciuany .alien, or haa aold been forced up to a premium by skillful manipulation? Unques- kiuuauiy is vne latter, lor every yiuuuuk oi iarm, mine, shop or iactory that has been unaided by friendly class legislation baa kept pace with silver, and the bullion in a silver dollar will purchase as much of almost anything as it would when it was dishonored in 1873. The gentleman from Ohio Mr Harter.asked the other dav ."What about pork?" I think I can answer that. A year or two a?o. as irentle- men from Kansas, lows, Nebraska and Missouri will bear me witness, the corn crop was such s failure throughout 11 the corn states that the farmers. had little or nothing oa which to winter their swine.and they shipped nearly all their hogs, including even their breeding stock, whether fat or not, to market, and ever since the country has been de cidedly short on hogs. - That ail there is of the exception to the rule of downward prices, so far as hogs are concerned, and which the gen iimm nnraded here as an argu ment to prove that silver had lost its purchasing power, oui o. un make a note of the fact that a sil ver dollar will buy as much pork as a gold dollar any day m the week. The demonetization of silver helped nobody except those own imr Government funds, and it in jured everybody else. The act of 1873 produced incal culable bankruptcy, suffering and sorrow throughout the land par ticularly in agricultural states. The people were aghast at the sudden and awful ruin which so unexpect edly came upon them For example, a man who owned $25,000 worth of property and owed 410 000 on it and was therefore worth $15,000, went to bed at night happy in the belief that ne was fortablv fixed financially and awoke next morning to find himself nanner for bo ereat nad oeen the fall in prices that his $25,000 worth of properly wnen boio un r th hammer would not bring enough to pay the ten thousand of his debt. Hundreds of thousands of as hon est and industrious men as ever lived found themselves beggared and their wives and children home Iasd and ahelteless bv the most diabolical act ever placed upon a statute book. And though twenty long, wearisome years have rolled over their heads since then, tens of thousands of them suffer from it yet, and will continue to suffer from it until they are placed under the sod. The wasting by fire and sword of th9 Palatinate, the biacK ruin wrought by the Duke of Alva in th Netherlands, the devastation ot the Naooleonic campaigns, the 30 years war in Germany, the 7 years war which the mighty Frederick waged against all Europe in arms for the possession of Silesia, the Crusades for the redemption of the Holy Sepulchre, the ware in which Marlboroueh brotte tne power ot Louis XIV none of those singly nor all of these combined, caused as much loss of property and en tailed as much suffering on the children of Adam as the crime o 1873. It laid its paralyzing hand on every human being throughout the whole civilized world who was not possessed of a fixed income or who was not loaded down with gild bearingGovernment securities There has been no era of genuine prosperity in thiB country since t he Bland act helped a little and the energy of the American p o- ple, being unconquerable, has some times forced a seeming prosperity but the trend of prices has been constantly downward, which, ac cording to all political economists. is an infallible sign of the sinking fortunes of a ration; and there will never be any substantial, perma nent prosperity in this country un til the people are furnished a vol ume of money adequate to their commercial wants, growing with our growth, increasing with our population. An old legend ran: While stands the Coliseum, Rome shall stand When falls the Coliseum. Rome shaU fall; And when Rome falls the world. To this poetic prophesy, long since fulfilled, I will add in sober prose: "When the American farm er is impoverished and the Ameri can laboret can not find remuner ative employment, the very life- blood of theRepublic is being suck ed from its veins." Great ap plause J WHO ARE THE BEPUOIATORS? The gentlemen of the single gold standard melt and dissolve in eatrs when they consider the bare noesi bility of bondholders being paid in what they flippantly denounce as the 50-ceut dollar; but they have no bowels of compassion for those who.it the single standard prevails, will be compelled virtually to pa two dollars ftr every one which they promise to pay. The truth is that we are advocat mg honesty and justice, and they are advocating rank injustice and extortion committed under the guise of law. Applause They declaim grandiloquently about upholding national honor and about the sanctity ot contracts They charge us with being repudi atiomsts. Now, who repudiated A I a a. I m iue uumraci, ine oona noiders or the people? What was the con tract? How was it "denominated in the bond?" It was expressly pro vided that they should be paid in "lawful money" which meant gold, silver or paper, and this wa just, lor their owners paid for them in paper money worth 40 ct-nts on U -1 1 1 rT i - tun uunar. men, alter tne war was over, and they had the bonds securely locked up, under the pre text ot "strengthening the public v-buii. ma is me wav thev nm it not of "Btrengthenintr the bank account oi tne DondholdersTriau.h teij, which is the way it ought to uavo ueen put inev inducer! supple Congress to repudiate the contract with the people and to maxe tne bonds payable in coin. uat was step number one to rob ine people, ihat was bad enoutrh in all conscience sake. But worse was IO I0110W. Thev bv franrl in duced 0 ingress to pass the act of -a.o demonetizing BUrer, thereby """"s pjiuwun com mean pay ment in gold. Again, l ask who hmk r;i,9 lln ' .. . ' "no repudiated the contract? Th people or the bondholder. ? wnat was the result of th-H cnanges. it meant that it mnV from the peopie in way of taxes two horsep, two cows, two sheep, two hogs, two bushels of wheat, corn, oats, barley or flax, where one was taxen before; it meant two hlnw. of the axe, maul, sledge hammer or pica wnere one sufficed before- it meant two drops of sweat wrune -iuui iuo utuw oi laoor wnere there was one before: it meant lna tr, fewer clothes, less time for study' poorer shelter, less leisnra unit lasQ enjoyment to every man, woman and child in this hrnH i.n. wrk,B a living. Applause ooiomon says: There are three thine that . .... er satisfied, yea, four things say not. It Is enough: the grave; and the barl ren womb; the earth that is not filled wlih water; and the lire that aaith not, It to enoujrh. If he were writinc his nrnvprha now ne could add a fifth thinrr thatis never satisfied thphnM. I Victoria, thnnerht to overt 01- rf A --... 1 J I If we obey their behest enact the additional legigw'5 in a hundred years the w will be reduced to the witc condition of Russian. BeAT1 Mexican peons, aud the hJ holders will have all the ttt; in the country; for, aa oldo; Craig, of St. Joseph, waa to say: "When a dollar 3 down into their capacious eta the eagle on it sings: fv . well, vain world, I'm J home!'"Iaughler and app - The national banks are w here and get what they: The tariff barons are heard h and get what they want & self -constituted and multifafc boards of trade are heard and get what they want J bondholders are heard hs ,! get what they want. The corporations are heard here ig get what they want. TheAi. and Navy are heard here get what they want. The sidized steamship mailc&W ' nies are heard here and get they want These can ahn offer a reason which carries stant conviction with it B. when the farmers of the coantrr " through their representath prefer a request that they be totally ruined, they are told t work more and talk less. Wla millions of honest laborer Congress to so order things at' give them the poor privilege having a chance to toil, they tf denounced as tramps and am chists. Applause. For thirty-two years the leA lation of this country appears i ' have had one end in view of building up a moneyed a tocracy, the very danger whii the father? of the Republic fi saw, against which they wanf us, and from which Jefferw thought he had saved the cost" try, when he abolished the 1' of primogeniture. This conn -, bodes no good to the Repulli. Truly did Goldsmith say. 111 fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, ' Where wealth accumulate, and mea item, ',, Priivef) and lords ma; flourish or mar tt6t- A breath can make them, as a breathBSM S Hut a bold peasantry, their country pr-t. J Wh.M i .... u. HiD ' A tn n. t. - i AS TO POPULAR DELUSI0SS. We have during this detri heard many sneers at "popait delusions." The single stands advocates roll that phrase ui" delicious morsel under the, tongues. They may learn to Its the power of popular fury. . At the beginning of thePreK"" revolution the people set up i' cry for bread that has sounds:,." down the ages. An upstr aristocrat responded: "Letttf? people eat grass!" Then cant! the dies irae the day of wnS;. at whose awful scenes tit" world still shudders. May i merciful God lead us into moT pacific and prosperous patlis! "Popular delusions!" Tim? are sonorous words. We , gravely told by the single-sto dard gold men that the peopk ; do not know what is the matte, with them, can not understand what is destroying them, do nof know what they want, and mis : rely for information entirely on the leaders of the other fddef That would certainly be repei. ing the ancient and futile per formance of going tp a goafil house for wool. Now, the average America! citizen may not be much of aw- litical economist or logician, tit may not know a syllogism wha he sees it, and can not, in ted nical terms, distinguish & ratfsl premise from a minor; but oWi ertheless, in his own homdj? way, he reasons a great deilj more than he gets credit for. Etj knows when he is hurt and wha . his business is crippled. Ap-.1 plause. He understands tbi! when, after toiling sixteen honnj a day through summers html and winter's cold,and after prat- tising the severest economy, tJ can not, at the end of the year,! make buckle and tongue meett there is something radically; wrong and "something rotten U this state of Denmark." J:. i He may be afflicted with"pop-l ular delusions," but when he cas not, in 1893, sell for "0peracW a iarm which in 1872 cost m $100 per acre, he will search fan the authors of that unpleasaall phenomenon, and punish than when found. His weapon is tlx S ballot, which, in the hands j resolute men, is more effectiTt than shot and shell and Kropp ! oig guns. Appiause j . s And it is the toilers of tie j country the farmers, the chanics,the merchants.tbeBhop-j keepers, the wage earnera-j rather than the boards of tra j that finally make up the bus j total oi that public opinio I against who8e"pitiless pelting! j the gentleman from New Yoii i warned us last Saturdav. Hi i bulk of the people are not mud: irrthe habit of memorialiaul Congress, but thev are muchB j the habit of thinking and olK j ing. Applause. J -': The leaders in the cities ex press their opinions through tt metrnnolitan nr-'cs bv resoltt" tions of all sorts of boards i by pamphlets galore. The grerf body of the people, the wealt creators, are not heard from ! any such way; but as certain j uod reigns m heaven, they wu discover a way to make their voice penetrate even to thisBa "Let the people eat gnA, quoth the pampered lackey ; L.oui3 XVI, who lost his neaa upon the block. The people be damnea shouts William H. VanderbiU, whose father laid the founds tions of a more than princely fortune by selling root beer 3 cents per glass. ropular delusions: exciaiw the gentleman from TennesaeV whose fiinldpn r.invprsionecliP" es that of Saul of Tarsus, as V journeyed down from Jerusalem to Damascus. Laughter applause. 1; Uver against these ejatfur tions I would tIace for our in struction the words of the fo?' most man of all this world, w celebrated occasion Qnef " - ICnrttsnedun third jags.)