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issW3?"???" V V Wis & cl .w n ol fi ll et cl . Ill w. Ill . th on 1 w was and tf -I 4 ' -but andi . lasti; .; possit the fi. llOUP I of ac ? ' as ta( . it. fl.t - r my gr K Of mi tract" nit in tor tiy tarJB- 1m) It flier f Ml T "1K LETTER. NTLE- 5itt lot of eve them . ' trust them t. j mean, Mr. Stick-! ," ..uln't trust us with "" '. " our capacity as prcsi JU resigned that office".' That reminds me of an '.it e of Daniel Drew during the i.al panic of li.7. He happened a little old fashioned Methodist church in Jo'en street during a revival service, and his attention was riveted on a man who was telling what an awful sinner he used to be. w hat a liar he was, and how he swindled men out of their money iu the street, lie said it was the most wonderful thins he ever heard of that the Lord could save such a villain. Mr. Drew grew interested. He nudged th person next to him and asked: '-Who is the person that led such a reckless life ?-' -That's Daniel Drew," was the answer. So you see the Little Wizard has be come so respectable that he can hint jocosely at his own villainous career. The fact is that Jay Gould is the real organizer of the compact: though J. Pierpont Morgan is put forward as the leader, Gould's triumph is now com plete. He is the kins of America. In this movement he takes :is partners the last of those who have opposed or frowned upon him. The Vanderbilts and llrown llrothers A Co., are repre sented in this agreement. As to Pierpont Morgan, he is supposed to be the cuiiiiingest man in the world, except the Hebrew ltlciehroder recently visited by the Prince of Wall's, to the great horror of aristocratic Germany. The association is just like the Trunk Line association, and will strive to work w ith it and the Central Traflie associa tion, which two embrace all the midland roads east of Chicago and St. Louis. It expects to take in all west of those points. Aldice F. Walker is named for the acting head. A new proof that all power centers in New York bankers is seen in this asser tion in a New York mo-iey article: 'The tenure of office of railway presi dents is by no means as strong as in past years, and prominent houses, where will ing, find it much easier to secure proxies iu behalf of reform measures. A care ful canvass of the various brokers offices would show that in nearly every election, particularly of the newer roads, the brokers chiefly by indiscriminate grant ing of proxies, practically hold the bal ance of power. In other words, if the members of the New York stock ex change were agreed to have the proxies on all stocks in their names, not directed by the owners themselves, deposited at each railroad election with a committee of the stock exchange, rcat reforms could be enforced and the interests of their clients will be protected.' j Think of that: Great reforms: Grt j Tom Scott would have a cool thril oi delight in the purgatorial tires if he read that. This argument is the New Yo-k Nidi's last ditch in the fight with parna.lism. Dana who seemed once t have the making of a great and gii man, and is now only one of the rich owners of the best news journal iu 'he world goes over more and more to the bad, and the ; more unblushing)' becomes the or gan of capital. lie says that tfcis argument is just perfect. He has been working for it for two years? ''resolution that will restore security to every branch of busi ness." He i as rough as Stickney on his "copartners," and says: "That Mere should ever have been oc casion iet that action no one connected with itean in the future fad to blush; but p-JW that the thing is done, the iess saic about the past the better, particu larly as the future is infinitely more at tractive." He says there can never again be the big plunder there lias been; but if the railroads are well worked "they will readily prove to be what we have always held that thev are, and that is. the finest properties ever created by human indus try and enterprise. They have not fathomed a tithe of the resources of their several- territories. You bet! enormous swag there yet, if the paternal "-Alliance' does not step in to interfere with the genteel "argument. A word to tin- wise. When this dragon hasbutonehead.it will take but one paternal whack to remove that head. ISKW'AKK OF TUOJAX HOUSES. Farmers of the east, beware of your eastern brethren. It was such old granny papers as the Klmira llnxbaml mini, of Sew York, the Formers' Friend, of Pennsylvania, that took the snap out of the Grange and made it a "back num ber." Now there are some agricultural pa ners of the east with large circulation and bank accounts that will bear watch- inir. I notice the American Ai.irieultur- af straining every nerve "to rise to the occasion. Its doss, wnoevcr no is, seems to say, "Go to now! see me put this cyclone iu harness! See me corral this w ild ass of the prairie!" Last summer this motherly old hen stretched its wings and clucked vigor ously, and seemed to think it had gatn ered all you wings. And dicious. sober, tells what I young eagles under us now it has out a most ju , discreet symposium. This ncle Jerry Kusk thinks what platitudes President about tarilT; Whitt ance. of Cornell, ut ters about the alli Speaking from the standpoint of a financier, a Wall street uauxcr sees "no cause for alarm among capitalists at the present uprising among farmers be cause it necessarily implies a large de gree of education in financial affairs." He thinks the farmers' representatives will be slow to advocate government ownership of railroads when they find how such a policy must bear enormously o.i taxpayers. Pity about him! I have only read a synopsis of the ar ticle. There seems to be some good tilings in it from Dr. MticCune and Bell amy', and about co operation, but the ed itor is uttei ly opposed to the proposed plan for relieving American agriculture that is - based on government mortgages rf uotoulyour farmers' freehold prop erty, but even the very product of their hind:' Mi :i of the west, smil.-! If you don't feel any need of soothing syrup, don't take ai y. All, IN A Ml'KDI.K. Wlirtt. with the panic, the fifty con grcssr.ien elected by the alliance, uncer tainty about the f rce bill, silver leg islation, tariff effects, etc., our con si rvatives are just, wild. The .S'n, which said in November that Keed w:u a fool for heading off silver coinage. ow noes against it. Its wise man. Marshall, makes a tool oi ntmseij by opposing more currency because the panic is caused uy -scarcny oi crcun, instead of money The poor souls who make the money articles sec "iij;ht in the pasi," because a few millions of gold have come from Europe, and are propor tionately seared because $.1,500,000 left England for Germany in three days. Again, they are at their wits' end be cause solid men cuiiiini; from the west tell them that that region will keep the ost of th" money we have sent them, must have free coinage besides Samuel Leavitt. 1LD PARTIES TARirv. UD THE i lite war both the great rties have based the prmei the tanfl question when it settlement of the late war ere involved. The demo ioratio Seymour made the , for campaign since the. .ier of the greatest parties, the labor parties as much .nd advertised their platform as possible, iu fact there :lioiis of voters in the .vho were not aware that .an two parties were iu .d seeking votes. This was tit the work of the monopolists, - were growing rich off of the ..-ip. legislation inaugurated by the publicans during t he war and further carried out during the bitter days of re construction. After the continued agi tation during the campaigns the country became awakened to the fact that there was something wrong and the democrats took up the cry "It is the tariff too high" and the republicans yelled back "It's a lie. It's too low we need more protection and a home mar ket." The democrats would cry out "over - orodiietion anil no foreign outlet too much tariff and a big surplus in the treasury." The republi cans got the go after a democratic trial. because the democrats tried to prove while in power that a .". per cent, differ ence in the tariff would brintr V pVl lenium. Then again the ie. . I started a tune on a hh'he; and .. ..,g would not make as high a note thev tightened the screw and busted the fiddle. Now some of the democrats want to patch up the old tariff fiddle and trv to play a new tune on it for lS'.c". All this time the people have been hearing the notes of another instrument whose tone sounds sweeter to their ears and though neither of the "great" political parties have yet taken the instrument in charge the people are going to go to the call of the player who calls. The name of this instrument is "Free and unlimited coinage of silver and more money and less interest for the people." The tariff question will in the near future be placed iu the hands of a commission of experts elected for that purpose by the people. This commission will be composed of members of all ex isting parties and will be competent to fix tarilT rates that will be just to Un people, for the good development of the natural resources of the country, just to the capitalists, and sensible for the government Placing the tariff in the hands of the congressmen politicians is like casting pearls before swine. They dc not know what to do with it. and in tiu'ir vain en deavors to appear wise they prove to the intelligent world that they are either demagogues or asses. No doubt, the in telligent statesmen of foreign countries get disgusted at the gross ignorance dis played by the American congress in its attempt to harmonize the interests of the capitalists with an appearance of looking after the interests of the work ingmen. This, oi course, applies to conspicuously bright fellows who are trying to make records which will re turn them to make some more valient tlshts for "th' poor tariff-ridden, horny handed sons d toil."' What wviuid a congressman who had spent aV '"is manhood years trying to master Ulaekstoue and Kent know how much tariff was needed to protect the manufacturer of hoopskirts or the maiiu faiAirc of zillomte collars, or how much w"uld a Grand Mountain grammar idiool teacher know about how much protection Louisiana sugar needed, or lexasand New Mexico canned beef and wool .' All this ought to be left to men who do know something of the facts about the necessities, and still not be person ally nor indirectly interested in any pro tected article. Then we could have a tariff that would suit the country, be stable in its character, and would give confidence to men who expected to embark in any pro tected enterprise. As matters now stand there is no sta bility about the schedule and it is liable to change with every administration whether the people demand it or not. Such limitations and safe-guards can be thrown around such a com mission as would guarante honesty, fairness and impartiality. A lexawlrln (La.) Form ers' I'UMU: THE CORN BURNER CONVERTED Who would have believed, even oin short year ago, that the light would have dawned so soon upon the Iowa State lleijister. It seems but yesterday when our highly esteemed cotemporary was advising the Iowa and Kansas farmers to burn their corn in order to improve the industrial and financial situation. The finances were all right and the banking svstem perfect, but there was simply too much corn. Ibiru it and all would be well. IJut the following extract which we clip from the Heijixter of the lUth inst., proves that the November cyclone did not pass over Iowa in vain: It is idle to attempt to deny that the ma jority of the people are dissatisfied with the present bunking system. The national banks and the money lenders of the e itiie country are now demanding amendment or regulation in their interest ; tne president, the secretary of the treasurer and the con gressional committees have been laboring diligently for tlie past two weeks to ar range some method that will give relief to tlie bankets and other money lenders of the leading money centeis. Those who loan are clamorous for government assistance, and have beeu far more vociferous in ugitutin their demands for several weeks past than borrowers ever have done. The papers ad- vocatiiig the cause of the lenders against that of the borrowers make no reference whatever to the fierce demands for prompt relief from all the leading money centers, People who read the daily press dispatches from New York and Washington know that a desperate effort is being made by thfi na tional banks to force amendment or rogu lation of tin; national banking laws in the interest of the hank. No one can make de nial of this statement. This reads like an extract from some irreenback speech or an address issued by some union labor convention. It at tacks bodily the national banking sys tem, administration and the American congress, all solidlv republican! This is a shot from an unexpected quarter. We advise our friends throughout Iowa to procure copies of the llajMcr of Dec. W, for they will have use for them by and by. Itrother Clarkson may yet rival Prick Pomeroy as a fiatist and aspire to lead the radical wing of the currency re formers. IJut vve advise him not to be come too enthusiastic and to keep a little in the rear of the currency skirmishers. It is the safest position by all odds Sherman's bummers exposed themselves unnecessarily, and if Prother Clarkson should shove out too rashly he may be taken for a demagogue and be picked off prematurely. ioira rribnne. Make Tour Leaders Show Down. It is about time the great farmer up rising evoluted out of the domain of "glittering generalities." into the realm of tangible purpose. There was a time, and not very long ago, when general assaults on the law lessness and greed of the railways, trusts and money power were all sufli eient. because ft was in the regular or der of things that the people should be first informed as to tho outrages being practiced upon them, before they could get about righting the wrongs, under which they had been unknowingly suffer i infr. This "campaign of education has now fulfilled Its legitimate function and tho ereat plain people are ready to apply the knowledge tncy navo gained to practical j work. Farmer' Voice. NEBRASKA'S MUDDLE. THE RAILROAD COM BINE'S LAT EST CAME. Ueut-.ov. Meikeljolui Seta I p at) A u tori-rat of tlie LrflAlature Stand ot the fn i potident t in Tins I mites t for Law nnd Order Agninut I sui pittlon. On Wednesday afternoon, when the joint convention assembled. tlu plan of t tie conspiracy between tne llovd crowd and the railroad faction of the repub lican party was developed. It was for Lleut.-Uov. MeiUeljolm to chum the right to preside over the i-uiit conven tion, and when the sneaker published the returns to declare I'.ovd duly elected llovd would then take the oath before some itinerant notary and demand the office, there to remain until a tedious process of law would oust him. This program the lieutenant-governor at tempted to carry out. but he met stum bling blocks in the fact that the joint convention was without rules; that the plain intent of the constitution is that the speaker should preside, that Speaker Khlcr had the custody of the returns and refused in tlie absence of any rule for the convention to acknowledge Mr. Meikeljohu as presiding officer or aid in any w ay to carry out this monstrous and illegal program. The adoption of the rules of the last legislature by the two houses separately does not adopt them for the joint con vention: and until that convention de cided otherwise those rules were not in force. The proposition of the independents was fair and manly. It was that a com mittee of t he convent ion should be ap pointed to whom all papers relating to the contest should be referred, and that it was not the intent of the constitution !n cases of contest that the contested effh-crs should be seated before the evi- oenee was examined and tne tacts as to the election determined. This motion was made, the question was put by Speaker F.lder. and it was fairly carried, and is now of record on the minutes i f the convention. Iu pursuance of this vile, conspiracy Meikeljohu made the grossest and most arbitrary rulings, lie ruled the motion to adjourn out of order. He refused to entertain any motion looking toward a reference of the contest to a committee. Never in the history of any state has a more high-handed outrage been at tempted upon the sacred right ot suff rage. A little railroad attorney a third-rate shyster from a country village sets himself up as the autocrat and dic tator to IS 's of the (hoseu men of this state. We can not believe that any number of republicans are in this vile plot. We have too much respect for honorable men who are proud of the name of re publican to believe it. Some republicans think that the inde pendents intend, when they get tin; op portunity, to unseat the w hole republi- ;in state ticket bv an arbitrary vote. This is not true. Should this matter be eferred to a fair committee, such as was appointed to-day. no man would be unseated unless it was conclusively shown that he was elected bv fraud. I'he independents are fair men, and do not propose to make any precedent that they will not be willing to fa e here after. The joint convention she jld adopt rules at once, among them one to declare who should be its presiding officers, and then adopt a reasonable and fair mode of procedure which would allow an cjuitable decision of the contest. Mr. Meikeljohu refused to-day in the senate to entertain a motion to adopt rules, and then refused to entertain an appeal from his decision. This is a gross urpti in. no chairman on earth can rally deny the right of appeal. l!v do ing so he puts Iiimsi i in tlie position oi a dictator over the of w hich he. is simply tile sevant. His only right to preside oer the loint convention is derived from a rule which that body has not adopted. I he independents stand iu this contest for law and order against conspiracy and usurpation for the puritv of tlie ballot against ruffianism and mob rule. They are making history. Let them stand firm as the eternal hills for the right, and their enemies will respect them and every honest citizen applaud and sustain them. Lineal n iSrb. 1 Form ers AtlHinir. 'THE RISING STORM. The old party press is paralv.ed with fright. The heavy cannonading of No vember and tlie rapid firingof the skirm- hers all along the line has started them on a dead run. The following ex tract clipped from the editorial columns of the llrijistcr of the isuh inst., is a sample of the piteous appeals for help now issuing daily from the organs of tho money power from one end of the coun try to the other- The Farmers' alliances, ('ranges, and all other farm associations have been expre..- Ing discontent with the national hanking ysteni for a number of years. They will now be joined ly the itizcns alliance, which is composed of t:wn and city nciii berslilp, and will co-operate with the farm organizations. If these elements can lie combined into one party, and given ront r il of congress and the executive departni'-nt the nation will certainly see a revolution in financial legislation. Is it not greatly hot ter to consider the demands of t he farmers, and all borrowers for an extension of t be national banking system In a manner that will give relief to borrowers as well as lenders? It is foolhardy to disregard the rising storm. It is greatly belt ter to dis solve the elements that will precipitate the storm if they are not mollified than It Is to bull-headedly disregard all demands for relief from the vast numbers of those who borrow. The Ueijislcr's specific for "dissolv ing elements"' is for congress to modify the banking law iu the interest of bor rowers. It thinks tin; farmers are clam orous for this. Hanks are not, run, nor can they be "in the interest of borrow ers." Their business is conducted in the interest of lenders, and will ever be so conducted. Nor is there a demand any where among the farmers for a modifi cation. They demand the utter and complete extinction of the national bank ing system, and they demand that the government shall resume its constitu tional and sovereign control over the three great instruments of commerce, money, transportation and telegraphy. The plutocratic press will strive in vain to "dissolve the elements that will pre cipitate the storm." They are above and beyond their reach. The storm must and will come, and the air will be purer and sweeter afterwards. lawn Trilitine. Who is the democratic party, the poli ticians or the rank and file? Who is re sponsible for the mistakes and frauds practised by those parties? If the peo ple are responsible why blame any one else? If tlie politicians are responsible why not "turn the rascals ont?" A'o tiomtl liciHihlicnn. Mie Uad Him. A man who was eating a large raw carrot stopped a woman on Duflield street the day after New Year's and said: "Madam could you give me 10 cents to buy food with?" "Why, you seem to have plenty," she answered. "Haw carrot see?" he said as he ex tended it. "Yes, but don't you know- that raw carrot contains U3 per cent, of dear nu triment, against only .13 in mince pie or plum pudding? You ought to be thank ful, sir very thankful." Detroit Free Press. Col Bono? Primus "Secundus, what good is your earthly treasure? Yon can t take it with you when you die. I am laying up treasure in Heaven." Secundus "Treasure in Heaven! What good will it ever do you there?" Ufa. Ft'14. editor. of writcousncea: tlie consuienUout CITIZENS" ALLIANCE. AN ADDRESS BY THE EXECU TIVl COMMITTEE. "A Government hy tlie 1'eople, for tlie People" The Object or the Oraniatlon The Alii ami Assistance ot All ( lli.t-ns feolieitcri. To the voters of the I nited Mutes: hen the immortal founders of this re public issued their famous declaration of Independence '.v hen thev framed that truly woiulertul anil inspired instrument, the constitution of the I lilted States, thev gave to the world what, would have been lo-dav. had their intentions been faithfully carried out. the best govern ment that- man has ever seen. I hey doubilcss went as lar as ir was possible for mortal nu n to go with the light which t'od at that time had given them: they saw as far as it was possible for human wisdom and foresight at, that- time t foresee. And there can be no iii'stiou raised at. this day that would impeach the assertion, that that document was intended to protect every individual in those lights that, had been so ably delim-d in the declaration of independence, upon which it. had been framed, vu.: "That we hold these truths to be self-ev ideiit: that all men are cre ated equal; thai, they are , endowed with certain inalienable rights; that, among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." And had these grand truths been as sacredly guarded by their pos terity as thev were earnestly fought for by their fathers, their children might to-day be enjoying the fullue-s of the fruits for which they bled. Hut unfor tunately for the prc.-cut generation, such has not been t he case. When this government was f was composed of but tilth: over of jieoplc, stretching along 1.:;uo miles of seaeoast, and extending into she country iu the fart best point not to exceed iO miles. Since that, time we have extended this area until il is -.'.ooo miles one way from the great lakes to the gulf. We have multiplied the population twenty fold. At that time there were no special privileg, s granted by the government save those of the toil roads. Since that day we have mul tiplied these special priv ilegos a thousand fold, in the form of railroads represent ing thousands of dill'erent corporations, comprising something like .oo.ooo miles of improved highways with an aggregate capital in stocks and bonds of upward of S'.i.i'itio.ooo.ooo, and Poor's Uailway Manual, which is standard authority, places the fictitious portion of this at one-third. Ami very one of these corpoi aliens receiv es its power to exist from the fountain head of government, our legislatives bodies. Then come the thousands of cities and towns, deriving their powers to exist from these same fountain heads of gov ernment, our legislative bodies. state and national. Following them are the thou sands and thousands of street railways, gas and waterworks companies, each de riving its power to live by a statute htw enacted by some legislative body. Again, there are the great insurance companies of the land, with a combined capita! of S1.3ir,.00o.ooo, and risks to the amount of , - 1S,(HII l.lll !tl. Then hist, but not by any means least, tire the great banking interests country w th a capital of s;i;;, ,(m. fine of these, the special pet of the gov ernment, the national banking interest, derives its very existence from a special privilege in the form of a franchise, that with a capital never to exceed s.i;,-,o.ioo.-Ooo has in twenty-four years paid its stockholders upward of .-r.'.iMio.ouo in dividends, lias at tin- present time a surplus of Si ST. '.".I'.'. -tO'.i.oT, and other un divided profits amounting to s,s.;;o'j. O.i'.i.ol. This franchise alone has been worth more to the stockholders of these banks during the twenty-four years that they have held it than the total naiio.-ial debt at. the close of our last. war. Kvcry one of these corporate powers that we have herein enumerated, re ceives its power l'i txist and live O- -; tne loll lit a i il hi a.t o! govern tni-nt . and every one of them is constantly looking to their mother, the state, for increased powers at her hands to despoil the peo ple of their inheritance, ti'itil the state herself has become weak and is begging and entreating to be let. alone. Our leg islators have by statute laws given these corporations upward of -jod.ooii.ooo acres of land: they have loaned them the gov ernment credit to the extent of nearly SlUuino.noo more. They have farmed out to them the privi lege of common carriers, by which thev have extortr-.l from the people thousands of million of dollars in the form of ex cessive rates of freights in order that they might be able to reach large ret urns upon fictitious bonds and stocks. They have farmed out to banking corporations the governmental function of issuing money, and by which they !nv; by vicious methods caused the stringency in the money market that has strewn the pathway of liil.3:i:.' business tien with imam-mi wrecks to the amount' of S:s,'U'.' .T.il.s:.'! during the hist quar ter of a century. And by the same process the gn at loan and trust com panies have been compelled to foreclose the mortgages upon our landholders to the extent of several billions more dur ing that period of time, until our nation is fast approaching that state of things whi' h Koine experienced on the eve of htr downfall, when the land of the peo ple had been taken from them by usurp ers, and her tillers of the soil were com pelled to leave the country and congre gate in the city, and while her seven hills were, bedecked with the palaces of the rich, thousands upon thousands of her toilers were sleeping on the streets at night, with nothing but the broad canopy of heaven for a shelter. These gigantic, corporations are con stantly gnawing at every tissue of the government. They are sucking the blood from every pore. Their mailed hand is thrust into every convention of the two predominating political parties. They fashion the party platforms. They dictate the issues that shall be discussed by their party orators during the polit ical campaigns. They dictate who shall be speaker oi the house of representa tives. They command who shall be the chairmen of the committees in our legis lative halls. They make and unmake presidents and cabinets. They elect and appoint judges, and if the reports of the daily press are to be relied upon, they are now secretly packing the su preme court lor tlie lurtherance of their despoliations. They compel t he national campaign committees of both parties to execute a mortgage upon every candidate of both of them in a presidential cam paign, anil foreclose the same as soon as they are installed into oflice. They have, with their gold, degraded, debauched and prostituted thejyonths of our land. They have bribed our legisla tors until our legislative halls are but little better, in fact, than chitruel houses where statesmen of mediocre ability may thrive and fatten upon the loins of the nation. For fear that we may be ac cused of overdrawing this picture of venal corruption, let us quote from some of the sayings of one. of the leading statesmen of to-day. No less a person than the president pro turn, of the United States senate, Hon. J. .1. Ingails: The decalogue and the golden rule have no place in a political campaign. It is law ful to deceive the adversary; to hire Hes sians; to procure mercenaries; to kill; to mutilate; to destroy. -Money does not stink, no matter how acquired. Votes do not smell badly, no matter what may have been the method by which they were pro cured. The ambitious politician, therefore, endeavors to ascertain what is popular, rather than what is rifrht. We have been unable to make uny history In twelve ytars The latter statement of Mr. Ingails, that "We have been unable to make any history in twelve years," is fraught with great danger. Whenever parties in any nation reach that inefficiency that they are tinable to enact any progressive legislation it has reached that point when it takes a retrograding position. The Tory government of England reached that stage in its method of legis lation in relation to the colonies. It was at this point when the fathers of this re public put forth document containing thes words: "We hold these truth? to i be self-evident, that a' men are created ! equal: that thev are endowed by their ! Creator with certain inalienable rights; trial among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happi ness: that to secure these right? govern ments are Instituted among men deriv ing their uist powers from the consent of the soverned: that when any form of government isdestructiveoi these eichi, it is the. right of the people to abolish it and to institute a new government. Put when a long train of abuses and usurpa tions, pursuing inv a nahlv the same ob P'cts. evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their tint v, to throw olf such government and to provide now guards for their future security. " .lust howour lathers abolished t heir oppressive gov ernment, is a matter ot history. I'.ut alter thev had overthrown that government they, in their wisdom vided that their posterity should base o! ner They ami easier methods of overthrow. irov ide I he ballot as a weapon by which it. shun lecoinblishcil. Tin1 iiifii 1.11...U. i.i, Hirers of the land who nave been despoiled of their homes have, by a system of combined effort, set to work to accomplish that result by the method as given to them by the fathers, and during the last campaign cast up wards of i.Wi.ouo votes in that direction, which has resulted iii t he. electing to the national halls of legislation of some lif ted! members, w ho are pledged to vote and to work iu season and out of season, to establish a better system of govern ment, by the repeal of special and op pressive laws ami the enactment of new ones that shall be. in the interest of the whole people and good government. The National itien"s alliance has been formed for the purpiseof accom- s, plishmetit of that education ami organi- rmi d ihzatioii among business men and others i.ooo.i.'io who reside iu our large cities and towns. to tlse end that they may co-operat- and act with I he great body of agricultural classes in our land iu their effort to re lieve the people from bondage and the restoring of good government among men as the fathers intended that it should be, as expressed iu the words of the martyred Lincoln: "A government of the people, by the people and for the people." And to 1 his end we solicit the aid and assistance of all citi.eus w ithout regard to calling and profession. And all those who are so inclined can receive the nec essary informiition required for the for mation of local branches, and the neces sary literature to become informed upon the principles as advocated by the or ganization, by addressing Ralph lieau niont. s -'cretary of the National Citi.eus alliance, '.'.'i'.i North Capitol street. Wash ington, 1). C. TOWN AND COUNTRY. Tlie Interests or All Laboring l'eople Are Mutual and They Should Work Together. We have a great many reade-5 who reside iii towns that are taking quite an interest iu the farmers" rebellion. Why should they not? The farmers are look ing for a way out. The overproduction theory advanced by the politicians docs not seem to satisfy them. The tariff question has two sides anil Settles noth ing, the panic has struck the fanm : and the town people are feeling if, and commencing to inquire if this movement, is for the interest ot the w hole people. The politicians are crying class legislation to divert the attention of the town people from the real issues. our town readers would do well to give the subjects that are being discussed in the alliance a thorough reading. Too long has the in terests of these two classes been kept apart. Each has been lighting tin: other because of imaginary ditVeienees. When it is well known that t he laboring classes. whether in the alike ail.-eied caused bv th dency of the necessary to be quontly pointed combines on 1 he country or town, are by the depression monopolistic t.cn tinies. It is not specilie: we have f re out the effect of the laboring people of the ci ufs and low lis; tlie small merchant, the crocV-r and manufacturer are also affected. It matters not how you stand politically, the depression visits you as the rain from heaven falling alike on the just and unjust. Will our town people commence to study these economic problems as the country people are now'1 doing. Have you no interest in better conditions? Is there one of our town readers w ho is not effected and would not readily join hands with the farmers if the way was open. The work of the political leaders of the land will have to be overcome and the town people will have to jnir. hands with the farmers in the overthrow of the politic ians" rule. I.et the town people com mence to agitate as the farmers are doing and it would take very little time to bring about a union of the laboring classes that would remedy the evils from which the country is now suffering. 'l'itlin ) 'oil' out! llommer. MILLIONAIRES AND PAUHERS. It is a mercy that McAllister's book descriptive of the -loo millionaires of New York It y - is too expensive for the poor to buy. and that most of them are too stupefied by poverty to understand its significance, for it is a better revolution ary document than Prince Kropotkin or John Most ever wrote, or could write. Some time ago a man threw a stone through one of Dclmonieo's windows, and when he was arrested he said the sight of so many persons eating crazed him for the moment. Of course nothing was accomplished by breaking the win dow, except to get himself arrested, but the incident shows what a hungry man will do in the sight of food that is not for him. McAllister's book might act that way on tin slaves who enrich the 400 mil lionaires if it ever should circulate among them. for in that book, as through a window, they could sec what is done with some of the money that is legislated away from them. Let us hope that the people will grow sane enough to effect such changes in our social arrangements that no man can have much without working some, and that no man who works even a little shall be destitute. Then society will no longer he. infested with tramps or Mc Allisters. Twentieth 'enttirii. More Specie Uasis Money. There is another trade dollar swindle in the linancial incubatcr. It is a plan to coin a "pan-American dollar' for use in the Central American nations, just as the trade dollars were made for use in Japan. It is not to he a legal tender anywhere oh, no! that would spoil tho little game but merely a convenience of trade. They might be paid out iu Central and South America for sugar, coffee, etc., but they would soon come back iu the purchase of implements. Hour, etc. Once in the hands of the pub lic a discount of 2." or ul) per cent, would be established and the "hon est financier" harvest a few million more. Oswetjo (Kan.) Stntexmnn. It' there is a starving child in the country to-night; if there s a girl or woman whom poverty has driven Into ev il: if there is an honest laborer denied the privilege of earning an honest living; if there is a criminal made so by stress of circumstances, a large share of the blame lies at the door of laboring men who still continue to vote for a financial policy that has placed 80 per cent, of the country's wealth in the hands of less than one per cent, of the people. Winjieltl (Kon.) ineinfnrmist. It may be interesting to the "common people" to know that a syndicate of capitalists own and manage a farm of l,ro,0t)0 acres in uriuisiaua. The farm extends 100 miles north and south and 25 miles east and west, and is operated entirely by steam machinery. Kach laborer plows and cultivates on an aver age ten acres a day, for which he re ceives about T."i cents. Talk about Ireland! Humansrillc (Mo.) Union liec. The independents hold the balance of power in the Illinois legislature and no monopolistic tool will be elected. The lockB on the door aro worn perfect! plain. It is the door that in bangoX UNDERGROUND HORROR APPALLING DISASTER IN A PENNSYLVANIA COLLIERY. Explosion of Firn namp Kvery Man tl-iet Instant Ilealli Itoilox Frightfully Man Kleil -l'ititul Scene OITers or Assist ance Sixty-live lioilies Kecovereri. Voungw.iod (Pa.) dispatch. P.y an" explosion of gas at Mammoth Mines No. 1. 1 10 men were killed. Siv'ty tive hod e- were recovered. The mine is on fire, and it is believed the unfortu nate dead will be cremated before, it is possible io reach them. An army of men is at work in the pit endeavoring to stay the lire and rei over t he'dead ho lies. They are making little headway, how ever. A car-load of colli us was receive,' this livening. One hundred and ten men wire, cm ploved in that, par! of the mine in which the explosion occulted, and not one was left, to 1..-1I the s:ory of the disaster. Not more than fifty men vveri killed by the explosion. The others vvcie overcome by 1 he after-damp. W hile some of the bodies were horribly burned, torn, and mutilated, others were found with i!n ir leeth clinched on the iron rail of th pit road. Others were found with their faces plunged into the water. Not a few knelt as if in prayer when their un timely end came. 1 ito- u-s s,ueatli was iilentille l only by his gum-hoot-. He must, have been 'tea rest, the evpiosion. His body was scattered about, in do, us of pieces. is head was pulled fi :n his shoulders, ilotii his legs were torn off. His cloth lug was i ij,i d into shred. That part of his body re o ere 1 was roasted and blacken, d. His mutilated body was found where 1 he explosion is supposed to nave occuneu. ins saioiy lamp was shattered into numberless pieces. His left, hand clutching his lamp vva found over one huudi-1 feet from the trunk of his body, and one . f his gum-boots was found liliy var.ls away. One of his feet with part of the leg at tached was picked up. When the p.iris of his body wi re colbv t 'd and -cut. in a sheet to the pit mouth thev were j.lenii- fied bv an cug'tm er w ho recognized the gum-boots. All the officials of tic Frickc Coke Company are in ij.; dark as to th cause of the xplosiou. Fire-ISO. Siteuth in spected the mine before work was l.eiiin this morning, and his written report, filed a few hours before lie was killed sets forth that the mine was sale at that time. When the volunteers entered the mine, a sight impossible to piciure met them, l'.ank cars, mules, and more terrible thai: all --m -n w.-re piled in u compact, mass against th ribs or wails of coal, .Hid not a living thin i was in the w re k age It was aimo-i as solid as tlie coal itself, so terrilic was the force of ih e plosio-i. 'I his obstruction was r -move.l with difficulty, ami t hey entci ed a cha ml er of horrors. TI.e lirst object th'-v discovered after ieavoig the main entry was a gum boot. 1 u it was the leg of a man Farther on they found a human head, but nowhere in sight was the trunk that had borne it. but a few minutes before. After walking a dis tance, surrounded by dangers unseen, but more terrible than can be imagined, they found the trunk. The ragged neck with the blood oozing from it told the story of the appalling disaster. Work ing their way in. the band found the bo lies strewn along -,he gangway. Kvery man in the headings where the explosion occurred was killed. None w. re injured and lived. Dead bodies were brought up every f.-vv minutes, and the crowd at the shalt mouth simply f.-ll 1-a -k to allow the men carrying the stretchers ro..m to pas-. Kv.-ry corps -was covered, and no one even ventured to inuuire which ho iv it was. for it was known that everyone in that pari of the mine ai the time of the explosion was dead. John V. Hell, (ire bos, ;,t lleela No. 1. said: "'About two years ago then; was an explosion of gas at this mine, and one man was burned to death No saf. ty lamps w.-re used here I don't know w hi t her or not the lire l ies did his duty, but. let us be charitable enough to hope he did. There was too much work lu-re for one lire boss anjhow. They discharged one a couple of weeks ago to reduce expenses, and one man has been forced to do the work." (leiiera! Manager Lynch of the 11. '. Frickc Cok Com; any is on the scene helping to !ei-e means to rescue the perished workmen, llis assistance is invaluable, as he has many years" ex perience in mining operations. The mammoth plant embraces ."id'.t ovens, one of the large-t, plants iu the coke regions, but. it is hard of access. It is situate I near the Cnited Works, where an explo sion recently destroyed the ent ir.shal t. The affair has cast a gloom over tho entire coke region, and to-night hun dreds of mill is are (locking to the scene of the disaster offering assistance. The appalling loss of life in the Dunbar dis nster is more than overshadowed by the destruction of life in this mam moth calamity. Language is too weak to describe the scenes at the mines. Horror is piled on horror. The news spread throughout the entire coke region ami everybody was awe-stricken. The only man who escaped was Mine Foss Faton. Among those killed ate John lleverage and J. Holes, formerly of this place. The former resided here for many years and was held in high esteem by everybody- lie was a roadman in the shaft. K-Sline Inspector K.-ighly, the Superintendent of tin fatal shaft, i nearly distracted. It. is a singular fact that misfortune seems to have followed him. llis experience in the Hiil Farm disaster resulted in his tendering his resignation as mine mspe-tor. Master Workman Peter Wis.' address ed the following letter to the miners and cokers of the region to-night: To tlm Members of tho Knigbts of Labor and Workingmen of the Coke Itogion : The sad news of a disast rous explosion at Mammoth mines has just reached inc. and I fear many families have been left desti tute. I therefore appeal t i you to prompt ly render what aid you can to assi-t i lie families of your brethren who have ! ecu killed. The Master Workman and commit tees at each works w ill kindly take the mat ter in hand and act as a relief c im miltee. Let tlie committee select a '-check member, nnd each miner run as many wagons as he can under the circumstances contribute, and arrangements will be made with the companies to pay the amount, unit thus prompt ail can be sivni. Drawers can adopt ibe sane plan, and day men can coiitrihtit - from their day's work, and have the same deducted in the office. This aid will lie separated and apart from any pub lie contributions, ami will be forwar.le! to district oflicers, who will apply it to tho re lief of those for whom it is contributed. Vktek VVisk, District Master Workman. "iViso an. I Otherwise. CoxsriKNfE is a judge placed iu the in terior of our being. OiwrtiE virtue is often undervalued because it is unseen. A max will excuse any fault in the woman who is not his wife. Ir you want a man to do his best, shut him up where he'll never see a woman. Wiif.x the fires of youth go ont in a man, he wonders that they burn in others. SliK Why do poor men keep lots of dogs? lie To keep the wolf from the tloor. Man- loses his desire for a thing as soon as he discovers it Is no longer for bidden him. Any man can please his wife by telling her that he doesn't believe in second marriages. Joiix Sherman says fame of a third party. no good ever How about tho first baby". "Ai:e.n"t you afraid of losing your nurse, little girl"." "Oh, no: I've left her with a 1101100111311." "Give me the man that sings at his work," says fonm pushful writer Do. Give him to anybody that wants him. It has been decided by tho authorities in Australia that the "Kreutzer Sonata' , is not damaging to the public morality, i "How no x-ou like the new curat, ' Phyllis?" '"Not very much. JUe pttiacuea iove bnnoay nrning and iix-Tk comas Kionnd in the afternoon to make it." 1 NATIONAL PROSPERITY. A GOOD SHOWING FOR YEAR 1890. THE '.rite Iiiiurt8 ami Exports of the Untteil States lor the I'ait Year Heat tho Kcc-ot-d Our I uytng and Selling Amounts to Over a liillioii and a Hslf or Dollars. The imports and exports of the year just ended have been jrreater than those of any precedinir year in the history of, the country. Our buying and te'lins; with other nations of the earth amount ed in round numbers to over a hi lion and a half dollars. To ba more ac curate, the imp irts and the exports of the year IS t amounted to S 1,(1 SO, 94.',-'X'l- These figures relate to the imports and exports of merchandise, and do not .iicimle those of go'd and silver. There is no year iu the history of our country in which its imports and exports hive been as great. And what is more grati fving. the balance js ,m the rijrht side of ihe ledger. The exports exceeded the imports by a! out $::f.t.Mm,uKi. Tins ex ports fur the twelve months .'n ij: :est ion w.-re .-.7, c,:.'.', r,-- the im I orts m-r.' ' "s.'VUSi There has only hce-i one, year ill the his tory of our export trphi m which the total exports were, as great as tlui-e of Is'.io. and there has been no year in which the importations were as great as t hose of I ..(). Curiously enough the figures just, sulunitt" I ly the liureau of Statistics iu regard to the importations do not show the m ilked increase for the last, half of tic year that was gen ra'ly cxpecte I. Tie1 total import for the last. six nioiithsoi the year are practically but ! one-half of the total forth,: year. Kx ports and imports of gold and silver do no' show the marked change compared with former years that had been expect ed. The tola! exports of gold for the year were s unto, i.mhi. against s.Mi.oo i.ooi) iu thu pri ce ling year, scju 00,000 in sss, ..,,.( s.i.. ici.oi.o iii issT. The. im ports i. f g,,!d were s Jo.iai '.ooo for ls'.to, against sl-.'.oiio.o io in iss'.t ;ln, .sto,o io. boo iu isss. Tic exports of silver for the year were J-'.'"1., noli. nun, against siHi.uoo.ono iu H. and s-.".i,(,iio,ooo in ls'ss. The imports of silver for the year ls'io w.-re sj-.'.ooo.ood, against s;i.(,oo.mi,( in is-. sji;.i,oi.( o t in )sss. sic,.-itii.ouo in is7, sit,( o:i.iiU in 1-si,. and si 7,:". iii.o o :u lss;,. Cotton, bre.idsiiitfs. meats, and kero sene oil continue to b' the chief of the articles export; d bv the I'nited States, ('niton is still king. The expe-rtations of cotton forth.' year were ',0.()00,0l0 iii value, being a sum greater than that, receive 1 f.r cotton in almost any other tear of t'.e history of our commerce. 1 "rcadst dH's an I meat and da;ry products I an a -lose race jts to s con I pla. e The breadstuff's, including corn and corn-meal. vvhe,.t and wheat flour, amount to over i p, ooo.iuiu in the y. ar. The provisions, including meat and da ry inducts, amount. -.1 to nearly si ii.(i;iui hi. tf coal oil the total ex portation amounted in value to about J-;:., oih i.o ,o. Uealiy the provision ii-t should, perhaps, take pro-edem c over that of broad-tuffs, for the exportation of live animals, mostly cattle, amounted to ..'!.", ono. ooo iu valti" and as a large proportion of tlu-s,, are sent abroad to he s'a ightere.!. it is mper 1 hey should be added to t he j roj oi'tio.i which is given to provisions, as against breadstuff.-, thus bringing that line of industry sec ond in t he list of exporlatiotis iii value. Iron and steel cvportations are beginning to cut ijtiite a figure in tho total of our sales to otln r countries. They amounted last year to over S-,'.(t(ri.ooo in value. The exportal ions of tobacco for the year amounted to something over S.o.o 10.0 mi. Iu the importations, sugar stood at the h ad of t he list in value. The importa tions of su .-ar for the y,-ar amounted in round numbers to s:;oo.uo i,o;.u. Cot'ee stand next in the va'ue- of im- I ortations. the total v a'uc of coffee im ported during the tear being over -..-ooo. ooo. an increase nf S'.WirMt.ooo ..y.-r last year. Manufactures ,,f iron ami ste.l. including tin p'ates. .uiiountcd to s; le. Ooo, i ii o. and fax hemp and jute, manufactured 'ami unmanufactured, leached a'. out tlie Mime tola!. Manu factures of silk amounted to over s-lo.-oo-i.co iu value. The unmanufactured silk was over S'.'o.ooo.oil 1 in value. Tea seems to he losing its grip as a beverage, the total impoi tat ions of tea being but l i.oui'.oMi. as against ihe figures on coffee, indicated above In spite of the fact that we grow mo-t of the cotton of the world, and pride ourselves on having machinery that will do almost anything, the importations o" mannfa etuivd cotton amounted io nearly s-:io,(;o,',oijo. There is also the same remarkable state of affairs with reference to wool. The im portations of manufactured wool for the year amounted to over sc;.-., ooo. ooo and of unmanufactured wool to over 814,- (t (MM Ml. Cieat Pritain continues to l e our most important customer abroad. Of our corn ( 'rent l'.ritaiu took S.'o.uOi.MHKI worth, against -:.,ooo.ooo by (lermany and .:.". ."Mhuk-O by France, of our wheat Croat Itritain and Ireland took S2S.00O, 0(0 worth, against .f4.ouo,(V)0 by France and .s.'i.ocii.oiid or sKi.unn.nm by other I uropeau countries. Of flour Great Uriiaiu took s.'ip.ooiV'oo, against less than ' 1 1 1, ooo. ooo in all European coun tries. Tin" West Indies took sa.000,000 or SC.. ooi 1. 1 mo worth, and ltrazil about half that quantity. Of our cotton. Great Itritain and Ire laud took .Ch i, 0(i0.( oo worth. Germany less than SP'.ooo.noo. France a little over si:".,ooo.i:o:). and all other European countries S.'lil.oiio.o mi. of coal oil, Great Kritain Jpok about fS.obO.000 worth, Germany nearly Sio.ooo.ooo, Aus tralia about sC.oiui .urn and the Hrltish Fast Indies over sd.ooo.ooo. Of our ha -on. Great Itritain took SH.OOO.OOO worth, and all other countries less than st.niMi.noo wr-rth. of lard. Great Urltain and Iieland took S-Id. ooo. ont worth, Ger main ss.000,0 in, Franen S3.0iHi.00i) and other European countries sy;,iM).),000. Personal Gossip. It is claimed for W. 11. Dobson of Havre de Grace, Md., that he has a rec ord of .:.'() ducks killed in one day. This feat, it is said, was performed in 1SS4. VifE-l'i;Esii.EN r MoirroN is said to bo spending more money in the way of building an I improvements in Washing ton than any other man in public life. Ciiai nckv I. Dkpkw says that over tsKMMW.o.ooo is spent in public dinners in New-York aiinna'ly. Then he takes a little pepsin and tries to look as if he en joyed life. Thomas Enisox ays that although .i mat ill tucntili."! in Italy he lias the , title of count, u, pre old man," by which he1 fers that of "the is better known -Meiil.i Hark. among his employes at The private correspondence of the, Prince of Wales is something enormous. He is said to receive four times as many letters a day as does the President of the I'nited States. SEN.vr.tit .Ionks has built a magnif icent villa at Santa -Monica, in southern California, and Mrs. .lones is so charmed by her new residence that she will not return to Washington. Unpleasant Women to Meet. Wo-ifKX who wear diamonds with cal ico dres-es. Snkkwxu women, who snap at your clothes, your family, and your friends. Womkx who talk baby talk to each other and kiss each other on all occa sions. Women who go-sip. and who never fail to tell you disagreeable things said of you. SiMi-KisiXfi, babyish women, who haven't brains enough to know when they're hungry. Women who wear rainbow gowns on the street and a whole millinery store on their heads. Womi:x with voices as sweet as a tur tle dove's coo in society and like a buzz saw in the family. IIvstekical women, who burst into floods of tears if you cress them in the slightest particular. IlE.xuTiFt i. women, who think their beauty entitles the n to all of tho earth and a good share of the p'anets. Women who Iu ; dogs around in their arms when there are millions of mother less, homeless children in the world. GRIM, UNBIDDEN GUEST. DEATH CLOSES A NOTABLE NEW . YORK BANQUET. Secretary "(Tin -lorn Suddenly Ex plre-In-tene Excltelneut Knsue A Notable "tile Snnflert Oat Heart I I scute the Cause-Sketch of tho Deccasnl Mates man. (New York dispatch. The Hon. William Wlndom. Secretary of the Treasury of Ihe I'nited states, died t.- uight at liens o'clock iiithe lian.piet hall at I 'elmoiiico s. where lie as the truest of I Ii e Xe York Hoard of Trade and T ra nsport Htion. llis had been Hie fr 4 toast of the evening. He had finished h I s re sponse, had seated himself. su.Kiiied at once, and died al most immediately. This was to have liceti a nifrht of a feast of reason ami 'tow of soul at Ikd ' . nicrs. The New ,;.Vk Hoard of poHatkfffI Traus- MJlt "JAKV Wll. WINIlOM. at, its 111 iW ,u su. annual dinner, and the great poli hth orient with lbrht and col. r. And tv ast . there was happy and .,restr-t,.ya tuut. death !. sat at the hoard, and the on y soc.l that flowed out wai that of t he na tam's financial her.'.l. His spirit fled aw ay at the close of his speaking, which was the first .r the ni'-'ht. and th e last. The dinner, which hesan at C. o clock, was completed short'v after i o'clock, antl Air. Wiiidot.1. introduced by Judge Arnoux. arose to speak, lieiinithe lirst speaker of the evenin,'. He re-ponded to I he t.iast : "Our Country's Pioipciity Hepeudent Upon Us 1 nstriimeiits of ( omtnerce." He finished his speech at f".a5 o clock. It had been remarked 1 hat he was rcadli.' it off hurriedly from t he printed cop', goin faster and faster as he neared the end. and at last he requested the audience uot to applaud. A itiivcr of fear shot tliromrh the as iemhlaae. like an electric shock, when lid litiished. Mr. Window was standing erect under the plareof the gas-lisil.ts. w hlie ihe faces of the most famous liody of men iu tliecoun irv all turned toward him. Something was the matter, they knew not what, for a moment the Secretary of the Treasury stood silent, while the banqueters, equally silent, watched him. Is was a moment that -1 , . a . mi one WHO was invseni. win ever impvu Then Mr. iudom sat down quietly, too quietly many thought, iii his seat, ,-n.d Toast master Judge Arnoux anise 1o introduce c.x-Seeretary of Slate Bay ard as the next speaker. He be gan a short speech, hut had not pro ceeded far when Mr. W'indom gave a short, sharp moan of anguish and fell Pack in 1m chair, llis face 'grew purple; his lower limits sMtTcncd and stretched out. of their own a 'cord apparently, under the table; his eyelids opened and shut spasmodically, but there was no pi -am of intelligence In the eyes, which were rapidly losing tho luster of life. 1 or only a iiiotnfnt he appeared thus. A cry went up from those siitius near the guest table. '-Look: Look at Mr. Windom!" Kvery eye was turned toward the man whose voi.-e had just ceased upon the air. At tho rear of the hail many stood, aud many echoed theory that Sir. Wlndom had collapsed In his chair and was falling to the floor. His face was ghastly, and a cry of horror arose from Ah-i late festive l aa qneters. There was an Immediate rush on the part of all toward Mr. Windom's chair, but sev eral doctors who were present at the dinner got there first and drove the others back. They were lrs. S. A. Itobinson. Ihiraut, Whitney. Fisher, and Bishop. Ir. Robinson bent down, and making a close examination of the prostrate form, discovered that t!i heart was yet beating, mid with tb.3 assist ance of Judge Truav. Captain Snow, and one or two other, lifted him to bis feet, deathly pale. He was ended into the ro mi behind the banquet- hull, and everything was done 1 1 resuscitate him. Messengers were hastily dispatched fur electric batteries, and as many as four wer applied to his body, 'which was rapidly growing cold. This was exactly at 10.05 p. iu. For six minutes the electric shocks were applied incessantly, but without success. He was then pronounced dead by Drs. Bob ins .ti ami Dur.-int. I would say that the cause of his death was apoplexy." said Dr. Robinson, "if it was not for the history of heart disease, lam fnclhied to think that heart disease killed him. Mr. Windom was subject to fits of heart failure. On Tuesday last he was seized with an attack while on the steps of the Treasury at Washington, but he did not lose consciousness, and was able to take care of himself." At 10:11 p. in. Judge Arnoux came out of the room where lay Sir. Windom and an nounced to the diners that Secretary Win dom, whom the had the pleasure of hear ing only a few minutes before, had breath ed his last. "He is dead," he said. This was the fearful announcement, ut tered In a voice midway lietween a sob and a whisper, that floated through that cayly liedecked banquet hall, around which still hung, like a funeral pall, the smoke of the after-dinner cigar. "He Is dead!" The word went to the heart of every man who heard them. Could they believe it? That tlie brilliant orator of a few minutes before, that glowed with enthusiasm in pre dicting Ids future poli -y in the Treasury, w as now only inanimate clay. His voice was forever silenced, and his last words were for his country. Kvery man looked at his neighbor with blanched cheeks. Heath had Indeed been with them at their feast, and taken from the throng one of Ihe nation's chief officers. W illiai.i Windom. Secretary ot the Treas ury, was born in Belmont County. Ohio, Slay 10. IS2T. His parents had immigrated Io that legion from Virginia. He was brought np on a farm, was educat d in the academy at Sit. Vernon. Ohio, studied law. and was admitted to practice In 1850. He became Prosecuting Attorney for Knox County in 1S32. In 155 he settled in Winona, Minn. Join ing the Republican party, he gained a repu tatioa as an orator, and in 1S58 was sent to Congress. He was a member of the House of liepresentatives for ten years, serving on the Committees on Public Lands and expenditure, and on the s( erial committee on the rebellious States, and for three years as Chairman of the Com mittee on Indian Affairs. He was ap pointed United States Senator In 18T0 to till an unexpired term, and was afterward elected for a new term and re-elected in JS77. In 1881 he resigned on being selected by President Garfield for the post of Secre tary ot the Treasury. He resigned when Vice President Arthur succeeded to the Presidency, and engaged in railroad and otlter financial enterprises, making his h-mio principally in New York, until he was appniuted Secretary of tho Treasury by r resident Harrison March 4, 1S8!. Ms tics. 'Ada ronfa;. ,.. I Osouare miles vas settled i isou at W, nd wa3 fitted Into the Unlon'oifoe Ohio cnm,:. . UQ 00 was 4i T(ti ""i ' 7m at M.rV Tv ,m"0J into tho UnltX. as au- lso-i. OiiegoV cmoiins 04.5Cnr:$aiiara miles: w as settled In 1811 at Astoria, and was admitted iiif rtbe Union on Feb. 12, 1S59. Colorado " contains 103,645 squarn miles; was settled in 1858 at Denver, and was admitted into tho Union on Aur. 1, leTG. .'. ' "'; Iowa contains 53,1:75 square miles; was settled -in 1788 at Dubuque, and was admitted into the Union on Dec. 28, IS Pi. ' - . - i - - Micn'ioAxcontains57,43Q square miles; w as settled la 1670 at Detroit, and wa admitted into the Uniou on Jan. 20, 1S'!7. Mtssot'Ri contains C8,73." square miles; was settled in 1704 at St. Ixniis, and was admitted into the Union on. Aug-10, 1S21. ,,'j . - Maine contains 29.R95 square miles; was fettled in 1665 at Bristol, and was admitted iuto the Union on March 1.., 1S20. ; , .-' : ' : - - Georgia contains 58.980 square m'les; was settled in 1723 at Savannah, and was admitted into the Union on Jan. 2," 1788. . y. - ' - v. Ii.i.ixoi? 'contains 56.000 sonare miles; was settled In 1720 at Kasiraskia, and was admitted into the Union on Dec 3, 1818. s- 1 -'.. , : ' Nebraska, contains 7(5,185 'square miles; was Settled in 1854 at Omaha, and was admitted . into tho Union on March 1, 1867.- . "- - '-; ' '. ;:- ". '" . ' 'r- . - - :: v . ' . - --!''"' " - ' l' Marti.axd contains 9,860 - square miles; was -settled in 1634 at St Mary's, and was admitted into the Union April 88, 1788. I. f - CjSf' ---wife? I' i I S.s r v V -T'"rirTiiii1 mmfii .Jiimii . tS" -sC?-' '