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A T1'T 1TV n Tf i riTN MOM & AlfflM VOLUME I. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY MA 7, 1891. NUMBER 14 WiM lb 1 MISOGYNY. ad have you fallen, too. mv boy, A victim to the umnv arts That women viciously einplov As xoaresto trnp niivarv hearts? You are enynKc.l. your father mya. Come, take my urm, ami lot ine know The story of vonr fatnl crao. ' Aud why the girl attracts you so. She pretty? Ye, she oiinht to he: They nil have Ictirnt to piiinr their chccksl t-he bings divinely V I ehull see; Hut irolmlily she only shrieks. fche'B juhmI niiii gentle Well, of course, pwrni; to yet you well in hum!; A sieve of onts w ill vo n horse To let you uumnt ami take fcuniitmi. fchv reinos of nnriert linciie?- !Vm1i ! 1 hofc N riiiiiu hnroiiM usel to thieve ; Aii'i mv tirl whom limine may vuh Can claim de-ci-ut fioni mother Kve. Miehas a fortune? -An, I he sure 'Ihat ail Ihe world mil mvii l e tohl Itm she is rich uiiti -.on :ive poor, Au.l that you covetVil l:er c.,,1,1. Hit hair is j eilow lis the heat '.' - Yotsr Ktateiuent nray he just iiie.l ; Put it is no uncommon feat tor irls to liave t lit i t resse lived. 11 r r.t.iv is perfect ion V ; Kine figure cature foolish hearts, -Ami testifv thereut success Oi lacing atul deceptive arts. I'm harsh V- Hn. hn : Put who is that. The girl beneath the chest nut -tree, With honeysuckle round her hat '.' HeriniRK"! limit really he'.' Miss l ink, vou Miy:1 -our swi-etheurt. Frrii:- Korgive me! How was X to kcow? There! Nevermind what I have said! 1 loved l.cr nioih.'r. venrs ago! The New Meeting-House. ISY Wlll.Ai:i SACK KIT. Come right up to the tire, and warm yourtelf. t'ettin' purty cold out, ain't it? tluess we will have a reg'Iar down Kast night, like some we used to have back in Maine where 1 come from. What! yon from down East ? Shake hands again, stranger. It does my old eyes good to see a man from the place where I lived so long. Yes, I was born an' bred in Maine, but times got hard an we heard so many stories of how poor j eople was gettin' lich out West here, an' so we packed up an' moved out here, but we aint in no better lis than we was back Kast. I'm layin' up every cent I can an' some day I hope to have enough to take me an' my wife back to the only place that will ever teem like home to us. An' I want to go to meet in in the new meetin'-home dowu in the grove once more; 'lore I die. If you like, stranger, l'il tell you how the new meetiu-h u e was first built up on a hill but was afterward moved down into the grove at the foot. That was nigh onto eight years ago. Eight years ago next September. We alius used to have meetiii' in the old school-house ; but you know our chil dren was grow in' up an'havin' children of their own, an" first thing we knew the 8chool-hou.-e was ecttin' tco small to hold all of us comfortably, an' so we decided j looking man, with a pair of spectacles to build a new nieetin'-house. I on ''is nose and his hat on tlu seat be- I s'pose it alius d es happen so, but ' silJe him. kept rubbing his pate in a there were six or seven spots chosen nervous way and hitching nb nt on tht for the location of the church; but af- j seat as if he ias afraid of tacks. Oppo ter awhile we got the number down to I w-c him sa, a man who was elo. olv two an' there we stuck. You tee all ! watching his movements and chuckling tie older folks wanted it built down in j and griuning until the attention of a the crrove rieht near the old school ; dozen people was attracted. He was house, 'cause we had gone to nieelin' so I many times in the old school house ! that we were kind o' attached to the j old location, an' wanted the new one as rear it as we could get it. It was; such a nice, shaddy place to tie your j horse on a hot Sundav afternoon, an ! the birds used tr build their nests in j paper instead of buying one. I am get the trees, an' there were lots of rah- Hog even with him this morning." bits ai d sipiirrels in tin- wocdJ. an' it j "But how?" feemed to be just the light place to j "That paper is just :! years old to-day. Ittii'd our new meetin' house. ! It ("st me 50 cents to procure it, but But the your ger folks bad got some ! I've had ;C)0 worth of revenge. I ; 1 left it high falutin' notions into their heads, ! on the seat, and he's bce'i reading it- the an' they were bound to have it built I last twenty mi!es. See?'' upon the lull. 1 s pose we older peo ple had lost a good deal of our strong hcadedness an' .'tubbornuess in tight in' life's haul battle: anyhow the young ! folks had their own w'av. an' rrei ara- ' tions were made to build ihe new meetin' house on the hill. ! Well, we knew we wouldn't have J much longer to "tend mcetiu' in the old school house, so we made the most of, our time an' resigned ourselves to it. I We knew it "ud came out all right, for I such things always do. Things went ' n for some time, an' the new meetin' , house was done an' we were to have I only one more meetin' iu the old school- j lioiu-e. Don't I remember that last Sunday i we went down to the school house to ! hear our good old pastor, Dr. Simmons, preach for the last time? It was a beautiful day in September. The leaves were just fal'iin'. au' they made! a beautiful shower of red an' brown an" !. gold, the urtiest sight I'd seen for many , a day. Old Dr. Simmons preached a ' fine sermon that day, an' when he wis j through hn give out the hymn -"Old j Hundred" au' I b'leve you could have heard us half a mile off when we sanp I it ' Dr.ritig that week the doctor took I sick, an' said he didn't think, he would be able to preach the next Sundav. j hen Sam Scwcll heard this, he :ic- cused the doctor of trvin'to put oil iiin the new meetin' house as Ioiir in be could. Xow Sam had been the leader f the young folks w ho wanted the new church built on the hill, an he was a hot headed young fellow who spoko be fore he thought an' who didn't m;an half he said. When Dr. Simmons heard this he told Sam that he would pro-ieli in the new meetin' house sure ii" he was alive. We tried our best to persuade him not to think of it at all, but he said he had made up his mind to do it, and nothing would keep him from it. Well, the next Sunday came 'round in due lime, an' pure enough, when our new meetin' house was chuck full, our poor, sick old minister, bowed an' tremblin,' came iu an' walked up to the pulpit bteps. Here he stopped an' rested a fev mo ments, an' then he trietl to an m.: lint lie sank down atrain, an' we couid hear him mutter "Well! well!" to himself. In a minute a dozen of us were around him, an' 'Liza an' I tried to get him to let us take him home; but he said that he had promised to preach there that day an' he was goin' to keep his promise. We helped him up into the pulpit. The church was as still as the grave. I shall never forget how I felt when he turned his kind old eyes on his people. Sam Sewell sat there an' fidgeled iu his teat, an' his pale face told what an impression it was makin' on him. I can see him now as he sat there ; and when Dr. Simmons tottered an sank to the floor, he ran forward an' caught him, an' turning towards us he asked us to be quiet, as the doctor wished to say a few words'. "I want to ask a favor of you," he said,-very feebly; "I'm afraid you will think it childish, but I feel that if I could go back to the old school-house once more, that I would be as ttrong as ever." We all rose and left the church, and went down to the old school-house by tut; path through the trees. Sara helped the old doctor along with his arms around him, almost carrying him, and when we reached the school-house w helped him into t lie oM j ine desk which served as a put i'. The people came iiiiet!y into the room until they had titled every sea1', an' some stood up an' some stord outside near tho open win dows. When the doctor looked round" at the old familiar wails and faces all his strength .seemed to come back to him, an' he stood up alone as ho had so oflea done before, lie ti e 1 raised his hands an' prayed the humblest an' most lovin' prayer ever heard 'round those parts. He gave out a hymn, an' when we were done singin he leaned over the old whittled desk an' preached one of the finest sermons I ever heard. He didn't talk long, an' when lie was through he pointed out it hymn to the leader of the elr'ir for us to .sing an' .sank back into a chair. We were all so affected that we couldn't sing a note. Deacon Urown's bass could not be heard at all, an" the Thompson girls, whose voices always rang out so shrill, were a-crying' behind their handkerchiefs. Ham Sewell started putty strong but he didn't hold out very long. We stumbled through it somehow an' w hen we were done, we waited for the doctor to dismiss us a usual, but after waitin' a few minutes we got scared an' on runniu ui we found he was dead. Yes, the good o'.d doctor was no more. We took h;m home tenderly, an' he was buried a few days later. The day after the doctor's funeral, my wife got word that her mother was about to die, an' she wanted to ee her once more before she left this world, so we packed up an' moved down to Connecticut, where my mother-in-law lived. She had been ailin' for feveral years with consumption, an' when we saw her we knew she couldn't last much longer. However, it was nigh onto a year be fore she died, an' a short time afterward we moved back to Maine; and wl en we got there what do you think we saw? Down in the grove, right where we had wanted it, was our new nicetin' house, all painted up new an' bright. Sam Sewell had brought some men dowu from Boston an' had it moved down from the ton of the hill an' had it painted. When he saw us he asked us to be sure an' come 'round as they had a young minister an' lie was sure we would like to hear him. i Well, stranger, here's the stage. I'm j afraid you'll have a putty cold ride. An say, if yer 'ie ever 'round in these I parts again don't forget to come an' see us. trocrt bye. A Terri'ile lie eli?e. It was on a suburban train coming into Jersey City. A bal-headed,fussy- asked to explain and lie said : "The old r.hao nvrr tlifrrt sat down on mv hat. stepped on mv tees end elbowed my ribs, and didn't apologize. I deter mined to get even with liini. He al ways sits in that seat if it isn't occupied, and he alwavs hunts around to find a liie old fellow struck the headline? of a railroad accident. He looked u:: zled, bobbed np and down, and 1 w!v shook his head. He lumi ed from that to a murder on to news from Washih'' ton- and for a minute was interested in the stock market. Then he folded the pat er up, removed hi glasses, and looked cnt of the window with a troubled expression on his face. "He's wondering if his mind isn't giv ing way, and is half scared to death:" chuckled the joker. "Been flattering himself that he is g od for twenty years vet, and tb.j first thing he does when he gets to the city will be to buy some brain food and a liver pad. I'm not a bail, bad man, but the chap who sits down on mv hat must at least anolo pize." J Tiibucrn in I-Tance. 1'ienciimen are about to erect a monu ment to Jean Nicot, who introduced to bacco iu France. Nicot, while ambas sador to Portugal, in V"ti') sent a pack age of tobacco seed to the ipieen, Cath erine de Medici, in Paris. " The weed throve s well on French soil that sixty years later Cardinal Rich elieu found it worth while to begin col lecting the first French tobacco tax. In 1(11)7 the tax was 4'.) sous on 100 pounds. ! ShorHy after the annual product of tlio tax was ?.)0,();ill. JnlibS the n-'h . to 1 Uie product of the tax was letout to the j collect r for 0,200,00(1. Between 171!' t ' IT'U 1... I-.. t 11 . ...1 ! iiiiii ii'f.' ine iu.y u.s iii't i uiitcietl. It was reintroduced at the latter day, I and in 1S11 was ppaoi abolished. Xii- I IxVitriT) T in Ik'lll liofTOii .(,! !...! itrv tln j...., ... ... ... ,,,,,, w, tax by means of a government monopoly. Tim first emt iie got some $ M,000.(;0) annuallv from the tax, and i:i lHliO the product was $9,000,000. Iu the follow ing half century the lax grew to S4.S, 000,000. Altogether the lax has brought the French Government :?J,80!000,0 10. t is no wonder that the enthusiastic Fiench smokers have suggested that ths. ( lovernment could well afford t." commemorate in iure gold the fame of Xiiot. Ho.--!ou Tra nw ript. Tin Drummer" l.ittla Stnry. I never felt myself floored but onco iu my life," said the drummer, with the air of a man who thinks he has some thing worth the telling. "It was down I in Maine," he continued, af:er waiting long enough to set curiosity on an edge. " I'd been living on railway sandwiches for a week, and I just longed for a sittare meal. Weil, we had to stop at a way station for a couple of hours, on account of a hot box or something o' that sort, and one of the brakemen put me on to what he said was a first-class restaurant. 1 looked it up and ordered a steak. The steak came, but it was it disappointment. I sawed away on it till my arms ached. It was out of the question to chew the small bits I tore off from it, though I trit.d hard. I gave it np finally, and as I paid my score, I said incidentally. 'That's about the toughest eating I ever experienced.' He took the money, swept it into the drawer, and without a quiver he coolly remarked, "Yon don't seem to consider how mnch good it'll do yon in the way of cxcrcrc. !" Jloslon 'n anxcripL. t ivii Yar r r an o h. A dispatch from Vienna, (ia.. to the Atlanta I'onxlituiion says: Albert Willis, colored, convicted of burglary, created a sensation in court when sen tenced to lilteen years by ejaculating "G dd n." "Make it twenty," said his honor. WOKK OF THE W0)IEX. HALF A MILLION IN THE ALLI ANCE LOYAL TO RIGHT. A Speech Iteflore tlio l.ato Convention of the Woman's ('lirl.stian ToniiMrMiico I n ion in Washington. II. '., that t re ated a i,reat Sensation. Madame President, Ladies and (Jen tleuion. Fellow Citizens: You will un derstand why I address you as fellow citizens when 1 tell yon that I conn- from the broad prairies of Temperance and Humanity lovinir. sunny Kansas, where t he Women have been -tra nted t he rijrht of snlTrasje by our alliance legislature. The subject assigned me. Women in the Farmers' Alliance."" cannot be intel ligently discussed nor fully understood until the necessity for I he formation of the Fanners' alliance is lirst shown and its aims and purposes briefly stated. It must be evident to every intelligent man and woman to-day that there is some thing radically wrong in the a (Tail's of this nation, and that we are confronted with a crisis more important and far reaching in its results for the weal or woe of humanity than was in that crisis w hich culminated in warfare iu lS(io. Twelve years ago one of our distin guished statesmen, who has lately been retired to private life, made use of the follow ing remarkable language: There is no use in any longer try ing to disguise the truth. We arc on I lie verge of an impendim; rev elut ion. Old is sues are dead, and the people :tre :irr:iyiui: 1 hcTiiselves on one side or the other of a portentous coulliel. On one side is capital, strongly out renehed in privilege, thrown ;ir logant from repeated triumph and contin ued concessions, striving to adjust all values to its own standard. i the other siile is labor. leman!iu:r em ployment, halt linir wit li 1 he forces of na ture and trying to subdue the wilderness. Labor starv in if and sullen in t he cit ies. reso lutely determined to oveiihrow a sy-tem under which tin- rich are growing richer and the poor are growing poorer: a system that gives to a loiuhl it a Vanihrbilt wealth beyoml ev i'ii tin' dream- of averiee. and eonile.miis the poor to a poverty iu which there is no refuge from starvation but t he ra ve. These words were uttered in a speech ill the senate in 17", and during the years that have intervened the burden of poverty has grown intolerably heavy, because of unjust tarills and excessive taxation; because of legislation that ha robbed the millions of the benefit of a few. until to-day. for a trntn and , erity. we are on the verge of an impending revolution. We need no prophetic ear to hear the rumble of t he coming storm, sweeping on with ever-increasing foice across the prairies of the west, iu the language of Senator t oirmau: We -land on the very brink of a -monhlor-iiiir voloauo. liab'e at any time to break fort h and deluge the land with strife. j Less than ton years ago we received ! this cunt incut fresh from the hands of j Cod. not a track in its valleys, not a i stump in its forests a continent of mi- ! surpassed fertility, unlimited resources. maffuilicent and golden promises for all i humanity. j Yet. with exery di er.-ily of soil and j climate. possessing ex.lUStless riches i within our borders, and owning one- j sixth the wealth of the entire world, the ; w ail of poverty is heard coming up from everv hand: the crv ot distress growing louder and more importunate. The plaint of defrauded mot hers, the moans j of starving children, the curses and threats of law-created vagabonds are ascending- a dailv and hourly insult to the gn at and generous Cod who has j given with lavish hand enough fur each ! of his children. j You may cad nie an anarchist or a I socialist if you will, but I hold to tVie j theory that we have starving men. ; women and children iu this land to-day I because a legislation-favored few have more than their share. Cod spread his! bountiful table from the Atlantic to j the Pacific. Nature unstiiitiugly poured I forth her richest resources. hut a greedy few. through class legislation, have supplied not only t heir own hunger, but have tilled their capacious packets. - i.ed the platter and t lie v iands. a ml millions are unfed and are turned away gaunr. hungry and desperate from the gifts that Cod intended for each and all. The storehouses and granaries tilled to ove!l!oviiig. warehoused bales of wool and cotton, millions of acres of un used speculation-bound land are in Un hands of foreign syndicates and greedy corppral ions, while arim starvation and gaunt famine stalk broadcast through this land of plenty. Senator Stewart, the silver toiigned republican champion of free silver, gives us the cause of this deplorable condii ion of affairs when he tells us that every act of legislation since the war has been in pursuance of the treasured policy of the bondholders to contract the currency and control the money of the country. Carlield and Logan tell us that who ever controls the volume of a nation's money, controls the commerce ami in dustry of that country. For one hundred years the stock job bers, land robbers, bondholders and pi rates have knocked unceasingly doors of congress, and congress every instance acceded to their demands. They were given at the has in robber money enough to support a dozen kingdoms. They were given money amounting to hundreds of millions of dollars. They were permitted to fasten a usury-bearing bonded debt upon the people. They were permitted to tap the arteries and Veins of commerce and trade, and with draw from the body politic the circulat ing medium, which is the life blood of the nation. All this and more, much more, was permitted and pronounced constitutional: but when for the lirst time in loo years the farmers came tim idly knocking at the doors of congress, asking relief through their sub-treasury plan, a howl went up from the subsi dized press of this country. The loafers iu broadcloth and the tramps iu line lim n, w hom boodle and bribery have sent to congres. hold up their hands in assumed horror at the bid of their Wall street masters and cry ''Unconstitutional I Unconstitutional !' Sw ing out ward. Oh gates of the Future! Swing inward ye doors of the PaM, - A giant is waking from slumber- -The people are rousing at last. If Cod were to give me my choice to live in any age of the world that has llown. or in any of the world yet to be. I would say. Oh. Cod. let me live here anil now, in this day and age of the world's history. For we are living in A raiiil anil Wonderful Time, a time when old ideas, traditions and customs have broken loose from their moorings and are hopelessly adrift on the great shoreless, boundless sea of human thought. A time when the gray old world be gins to dimly comprehend Ihat there is no difference between the brain of an intelligent woman and the brain of the intelligent inn i: no difference between the soul-power or brain-power that nerved the arm of Charlotte ('onlay to deeds of heroic patriotism, anil the soul power or brain-power that swayed old John lirowu behind his death-dealing . iu,n.it.ade at I'ossawatomie. We are living in an age of j We are living in an age of thought. 1 The mighty dynamite of thought is up- heaving the social and political struct- tire, and stirring the hearts of men from center to circumference. Men. women and children are in commotion, discuss ing the mighty problems of the day. The agricultural classes, loyal and pat riotic, slow to act and slow to think, are to-day thinking for theriselves: and their thought has been crystalized into action. Organization is the key-note to a mighty movement among the masses which is the protest of the patient burden-bearers of a nation against years of economic and political supersti t ion. The mightiest movement the world has known iu two thousands years, w hich is sending out the gladdest mes sage to oppressed humanity that, the world has heard since John the l.aptist came preaching iu the wilderness that the world's lledeemer was coming to re lieve the world's misery. We witness the most stupendous and wonderful up rising of the common people that the world has known since Peter the Hermit led the armies of the east to battle against the Saracens iu the Holy Larul. The movement among t he masses to day is au echo of the life of Jesus of Nazareth, au honest endeavor on the part of the people to put into practical operation the basic principles of Christ ianity: "Whatsoever ye would that men should do uii( you: Do ye even so unto them." In an organization founded upon the eternal principles of truth and right, based upon the broad and philanthropic principle: '-Injury to one. is the con cern of all."" having for its motto: "K.xact just ice to all. special pri ilages to none" the farmers and laborers could not w ell exclude t heir "mot hers, wives anddaughters. the patient, hurdt -bearersof the home who have been their faithful companion, their tried friends and trusted 'counsellors through long, weary years of poverty and toil. Hence the door of the Farmers" alliance was thrown open wide to the women of the land. They were invited into full member ship, with all the privileges of promo tion : act ua I ly recognized and treated as human beings. And not only the moth ers, wives anil daughters, lint the sisters. Ihe cousins and the aunts, availed them selves of their newly offered libert ies. till we tind at the present time upward of half a miliioii women iu the alliance, who because of their loyalty to home and loved ones, and their intuitive and inherent sense of justice, are investigat ing the condition of the country, study ing the great social, political and eco nomic problems, fully realizing that the pol it ica I a reiia is the only place where the mighty problems of to-day and to morrow can be satisfactorily fought and settled, and amply qualilied to go hand in hand with fathers, husbands, suns and brothers lo the polls and register their opinion against legalized robbery and corporate wrong. Ceorge Flint tells that -miich that we are and have is due to the uuhiMoric acts of t hose who in life were ungar landed and in death sleep iu unvisited tombs." So to the women of the al liance, who bravely trudged twice a week to the bleak country school house, literally burning midnight oil as they studied with their loved ones the econo mic a ml polit ica I problems, and helped them devise methods by whicli the shackles of industrial slavery might be broken, and the authors uf the nation's liberties, the creators oi the nation's wealth and greatness might be made free and prosperous to these women, unknown and uncrowned, belongs the honor of defeating for re-election to the United States senate, that man w ho for eighteen years has signally failed to rep resent his constituents, and who dur ing that time lias never once identitied hiiiielf with any legislation for the op pressed and overburdened people. Tlif c years ago t his man I ugall made a speech on woman suffrage at Abilene. Kan., in which he took occasion to speak in the most ignorant and vicious manner oi women, declaring tnat a woman could not and should not vote because she was a woman." Win"? She was a woman, and that w as enough: the subject was too delicate for further dis cussion. Kut we treasured up thee tilings in our hearts, and then his famous, or. in famous interview iu a New York paper appeared, in which he declared that: "It is lawful lo hire Hessians to kill, to mutilate, to destroy. Success is the ob ject to be attained: the decalogue and t he golden rule have no place in a po litical campaign: the world has out grown its Christ and needs a new one." This man. said the law-abiding. Cod fearing women, must no longer be per mitted to misrepresent us. So we worked and waited for his de feat. And the cyclone, the political Johnstown, that overtook t he enemies nf the people's rights last November prov es what a mighty factor the women of the alliance have been iu the political affairs of the nation. I overheard yesterday morning at the hotel breakfast table a conversation be tween two gentletiien in regard lo Ingalls. "I consider his defeat." said the lirst speaker, "to be a national calamity." "Your reasons."' said the second. "W hy. he is such a brilliantly smart man.' he replied. "True." said the other, "but he must need be a smart man to be the consummate rascal he has proven himself to he." And I thought as I heard their re marks, "our opinion is so shared by men.' You will wonder, perhaps, nt the zeal and enthusiasm of western women in this reform movement. Lt me tell vou Why Tlu-.v Are liilerosteil. Turn to your school-maps and books of a ipiarter of a century ago. and you will tind that what, i now I he teeming and fruitful west, was then known as the Treeless Plain. The Creat American Desert. To t his sterile a ml remote region, in fested by savage beasts ami still more savage men. the women of the New Kug land states, the women of ihe cultured east came with husbands, sons and brothers to help them build up a home upon the broad and vernal prairies of the west. We came with the roses of health upon our clucks., the light of hope in our eyes, the tires of youth and hope burning in our hearts. We left the old familiar paths, the as sociation of home and the friends of childhood. We left schools and churches all that made life dear, and we turned our faces toward the selling sun. We endured hardships, dangers and priva tions; hours of loneliness, fear and sor row: our little babes were born on those wide, unsheltered prairies: and there upon the sweeping plains, beneath the cedar trees our hands have planted to mark the sacred place, our little ones lie buried. We toiled ill the cabin and iu the field: we planted trees and orchards: we helped our loved ones to make the prairie blos som as a rose. The neat cottage took the place of the sod-shanty, the log cabin, and the humble dug-out. Yet after all our years of toil and pri vation, dangers and hardships upon the western frontier, monopoly is taking our homes from us by an infamous system of mortgage foreclosure, the most in famous that has ever disgraced the stat utes of a civilized nation. It takes from us at the rate of r00 per month the homes that represent the best, years of our life, our toil, our hopes, our happiness. How did it happen? The government, at. the bid of Wall street, repudiated its contract with the peopl:: the circulating medium was con tracted in the interest of Shylock from per capita to less than per capita: or as Senator Plumb tells us. "our debts xvere increased while the means to pay them were decreased;" or as grand Sen ator Stewart puts it. ''for twenty years t he market value of the dollar bar. gone up and the market value of labor has gone down, till to-day the American la borer, iu bitseruess and wrath, asks which is Ihe worse of the two the black slavery that has gone or the white slav ery that has coiiie'?" Do you wonder the women are joining the alliance? I wonder if there is a woman iu all this broad land that can dtl'ord to stay out of the alliance. Our loyal, white-ribbon women should be heart and hand in this Farmers' alliancii movement, for 1 he men whom we have senl to represent us are the only men iu the counsels of this nation who have not been elected on the liquor platform, and I want lo say here, with exultant pride, that the live farmer congressmen and the United States senator we have sent, up from Kansas -the liijuor t raflic. Wall street, "nor the gates of hell shall not prevail against them. ' It would sound boastful were I to de tail lo you the active, earnest part tint Kansas woman took iu the recent cam paign. A republican majority of sl'.ouu was reduced to less than H.Win, and we elected 1T representatives, live out of seven congressmen, and a United State senator, for to the woman of Kansas be longs the credit of defeating John J. Ingalls. I le is feeling l a I about it yet. too. for he said to-dav that women and In dians were the only class that would scalp a dead man. I rejoice that he realizes that he is politically dead. I might weary you to tell you in de tail how the alliance women found time from cares of home and children to pre pare the tempting, generous viands for 1 he alliance picnic dinners, where hun gry thousands and tens of thousands gathered in the groves and forests to listen to Hie words of impas lory, oittimes from women" nerved the men of Kansas their party prejudice and sum d ora- lips. Ihat to forget vote for "Moliie and I he babies." And not only did they lind their way to the voters" hears), through their stomachs, but they sang their way as well. 1 hold here a book of alliance songs: composed and set to music by au alliance woman. M rs. Florence oi in stead, of r.utler county. Kansas, that did much towards moulding public sentiment. Ik Alliance glee clubs. composed of women, gave us such stirring melodies as the nation has not heard since the Tippecanoe and Tyler campaign of 140. And while 1 am individualizing, let me call your attention to a book written also by au alliance woman. I wish a copy of it could be placed iu l he hands of every woman in this land of ours. "The Fate of a Fool" is written by Mrs. Lmma C. Curl is. of ( oliuado. This book in the handsof women vv on Id teach tin in lobe just and gei-erous toward women, and help them in forgive and condone in each otlnr the sins so sweetly forgiven when committed hy men. Let no one for a moment believe that this uprising and federation of the peo ple is but a passing episode in politics. It is a religious as well as a political movement, for we seek to put into prac tical operation the teachings and pre cepts of Jesus of Nazaret h. We seek to enact justice and eipiity between man and man: seek to bring the nation back to the constitutional liber ties guaranteed us by our forefathers. The voice that is coming up to-day from the mystic chords of American hearts is 1 he same voice that Lincoln heard blending wit h 1 he guns of Fort Sumter and 'he Wilderness, and it is breaking into a clarion cry to-day thai will be heard around the world. Crowns vvill fall, thrones will tremble, kingdonies vvill disappear, the Divine right of kings and the Divine right of capital will fade away like the mists of morning when the angel of liberty shall kindle Ihe tires of justice in the hearts 01 men. "i,xact justice to all. special privileges to none." No more million aires, and no more paupers: no more gold kings, silver kings or oil kings, and 110 more Utile waifs or humanity starv ing for a crust of bread. No moregaunt. faces, hollow-eyed g'rls in the factories, and no more little buys reared in pov erty and crime for the penitentiaries and the gallows. Put we shall have the golden age ot which Iraiah sang and the prophets have so long foretold: when the farmers shall be prosperous and happy, dwelling under their own vino and lig tree; when the laborer shall have that for which he toils: when oc cupancy and use shall be t he only ti)le to land, and everyone shall obey the Divine injunction. "In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread." When men shall be just and generous, little less than gods, and women shall be just and charitable towards each other, little less than angels: when we shall not be be a government of the people by capitalists, but a government of the people, by Ihe people. Ami the Hanks, Ton. As nearly as we can gather the facts out of the voluminous, confused and contradictory jumble of rumor, inter views, dispatches, etc.. with which it is the practice of the daily press to befog all matters wherein consul id at ions of ca ital are massed to swindle the masses. Hie conspiracy lo hold up Ihe price of sugar on this coast has been completed. The American Sugar Ketinory here has laidolT 400 out of its total force of .Kit) employes. "A member of a prominent, down-town linn" stated in the i'tiU that I he market price of sugar in the principal cities on the coast (grades of sugar not, speciliedl is il cents a pound, in New York 4 cents, and in Salt Lake. St. Joseph, etc.. A'i c. ills.: Ihat this failure as to 1 his coast, of consumers to secure advantage of a repeal of the duty and accessibility to places of production, is 'due to Ihe railroad companies shut ting off eastern competition by advancing the freight, charges 011 sugar (from New York to the ports of this coast?) from SI. ?o to on a hundred pounds, while sugar can be shipped from San Fran cisco to Kansas City (more than half the distance from here to New York) for tin cents a hundred." That is: by a conspiracy between the railroad monopolies and trusts, the amount of the duly that should be saved lo the consumers of Ihis coact goes into the pockets of the conspirators. To break up such combinations, mere free trade is as inadequate as reciprocity with Hawaii all along proved to be. When the government lets up on its tariffs, the railroads rai theirs in part, and give the remainder to their co-conspirators, the trusts. Until the govern ment owns the railroads, it seems to matter but little whether one customs tariff goes to swell the extravagance of billion dollar congresses, or several rail road and trust tariffs make billionaire railroad and sugar kings. Sun t'mn ei'sco (Cul.) Sttr. It is an encouraging sign of the times that from all parts of the country come the demand for united independent poli tical action. If all the reform elements unite under one banner, lay aside preju dice and work together manfully for the most needed reform lirst. the others must inevitably follow in good time. Lay aside your petty hobby for the present, brethren, w hatever it, is, de termine what is the most needed meas ure of rcfi"m. then go to work to secure, it. Others must wait, their turn, but if you are in earnest, they will eventually he realized. Put. it can never he done while each is obstinately maintaining his or her own pet theories; united ac tion can alone achieve it. Unite. Mis souri Fdrtncru Adi'ocntc. TUP Pl'FI nFT,N TOTTI ' lULl I Jl"LtOI IfjjA 1 O lUIJIl. A CRUISE AEOUT SAN FRANCISO i BAY. II I Arcoi-.iiiH.ilBil on the Trip tiy Orat ' Numbers of tiayly llrir rate! ralt Tli I'alatial Ilmiin 111 Wheels in Whii'hllio I'resiilent anil His (incst Arc Traviy'ing. Tlio morning of President Harrison's marine excursion Irom San Francisco opened with a b g enve'op'ng the shores of th ' bav, but as the for- u 0:1 wore on the fog lifted and left ihe harbor spark ling in sunligh'. Notwithstanding the annoiin einent that the bivi'alioiis t) a mpany the President were limited to live hundred in number, the c immitt -e having charge of the excu sit 11 were besieged with ap plications from fully ."i.niH) 1 ersons who, being unable to secure eovetetl billets, crowded the steamers Ukiau and Cardon City and nuttier, us smaller cra't which dotted the bay. so Hiatal the I. our of the lfesident's embarkation over 10,0 o poisons had le't the shore to accicni a-iy him on the trip. At in:'Sl o'clock the I'n -bio steamed out into the bay from Proadway wharf and was soon fo'Iowed by ihe warship ( harleston, the Covorn- ! meut steamers Uusli and Marono carry ing the Federal officials, and the reyi-u e cutters I'ush ami Corwin with the Cus tom House officials As the Pueblo passed these vessels, which had formed a i line about .'Kin yards apart, a salute was ' fired, and the band, which had been sta- ' tinned 011 the Pueb'o, played a patriotic. air. After the Coverntuent vessels had j swung into the line other steamers and ; craft conveying unofficial excursionists made haste to fellow, and, with the 1 white sails of the yachts skimming the j ON THE Pl.ATKOI M OF TIIK --VA IN A." scene, the pageant, from a marine point of view, had never h en excelled on the Pay of San Francisco During the whole time that the Pueblo was steaming down the bav the Presi dent stood 1 11 the br'dge with a pair of marine glasses.through which iie scanned the various objects of int r st which were pointed out to him. He was con stantly surrounded by a group of army and navy officers, and apparently found great enjoyment iu the trip. He re sponded t the salutes of dilfer -lit ves sels he passed by removing his hat and bowing. About'? o'clock the Pueblo h-ad-d for the Union Iron Works. The vessels which hail been lying in the stream wait ing for her got under way and fo'Iowed in her wake, making a marine procession several miles in length At, the Union Iron Works the Pueblo was received with the blowing of whistles at the factory and on all t 'am vessels lying there Tlio cruiser Charh s ton, which had fol'owed the President's steamer a-1 day, anchored a short dis tance from the Pueblo 'I he President was taken olf in a tug and paid an offi cial visit to the Charleston, being re ceive 1 with a national salute when he boarded the vessel ami also when ho took his departure l!y this time the I ay for a mile in every direction from the Union Iron Works was studded with vesse's of every description, upon the decks of which there were fully 20,K)t) people, who ha 1 come there to witness the launching of the armored coast de fen 'e vessel Mont rey. In addition, to Ihoso on vessels there were probably forty thousand people who witnessed the launching from the short'. Kvery housetop ami street and every hillsiile overlooking ihe iron works yard as well as he yard itself was lit erally covered with people. Never was there such interest, taken or such en thusiasm dis; laved at any similar event iu this part of the country. On the shore and on the bay there was a perfect sea of flags and bunting, ami for some tiaie before the launching occurred there was a continuous screeching of steam whis tles, to which was added the music of a score of bands on excursion steamers. A small platform had been built around the how of Ihe vessel, and on this were the Presidential partv anil other distinguished guests, and also a band from the navy yard. At 4i'tt Mrs. Harrison 1 rossed au electric button, which sent tic vessel down the ways. The navy yard band played a nat'onal nir as she glided into the water, and im- mcuiateiy mere nursi 1011:1 me greatest noise from team whistles, to which was atltled the thundering sound of the. Charleston's guns as she fired a national salute: cheer after cheer also arose from shore and from the vessels The launch was entirely successful. The Piesident and party then returned to Ihe Palace Hotel. When tl.o Presidential party arrived at San Jose a national saline was tired and a large crowd gathered a' the sta t tin cheered lust ily. The visitors were escorted to the Hotel Yendoinc, where an address of welcome was made by IMayor IJucker, ami responded to by the President as follows: Mr. Mayor and fellow-cit i.ens. I am ajain surprised by this large out pouring of toy friends, jind by tlio respectful Interest which they evince. 1 can not tind words to express the delight which I have felt, atul which those who journey with ine have felt, as we have observed the nennty. an I more than all the comfort and prosperity which characterize HiegreHt State of California. 1 am glad to observe here as I have else where Ihat my old comrades of the great war for the Cnion have ttirnifd out to wit ness afresh by 1 his demonstrat ion their love, for the flag and their ven-ration for Ameri can institutions. My comrades, I greet you everyone aPTcctionalely. I doubt not that every loyal St ae has representatives here of that great army that, subdued the rebel lion and brought home the flag in triumph. 1 hope that you have found In this tlowery anil prosperous laud. In the happy homes which you have built up here, in the wives and children that grace, your llresltlrs, sweet contrast to those times of peril and hardship which you experienced in the army, and I trust above all that under these g; nial and kind ly influences you still maintain that devo tion to our institutions, and are teaching it to the children that will take yctir places. We often speak of children following in the footsteps of the'r father.. Nearly a year ago at the great review of the Grand Army of the Republic at Koston, after those thousands of veterans, stricken with years and latHir. had passed along, a great army nearly as large came on with the swinging step that characterized you when you car lied the flag from your home to the field. j They wr sons of ve'erans, literally march I Ing In their fathers' steps, and ;o I love 10 think in the bauds of this generation that f Is coining on to take our places our liistllt- 1 0 1 ;N tions aw nafo, and that, the honor and glory of ihe flag will he maintained. We may quietly go to our rest when Cod shall call us In the full assurauee that His favoring providence ill follow- us, and that in your children valor ami sacrifice for thu llasr will always manifest theniseive '. "Monarch have traversed land and ?ea and history has re on'ol tlio magnifi cence of mauy a royal e u 'pa e, I ut, no cmp -ror ever had o nnrtunity to en'oy str h luxurious traveling act: 'inmodalions as have bei n conferred bv ingenious ami comfort-seeking man upon the President of the gn a'e-t rcpuYic the nations of the earth ever beh "Id. There have I ecu i:i::nv tine specimens of the e.ir-builde: s" art iev ious to the creation of this "Pie ilential Si.ec'a'. but it is 1 uestliin;:bli." whether there is in railro ul anna s a more elaborately com- leto vehicular aggregation than the one which was pr -par;d for Ihe journey of the chief executive and his guests. 'I he great pan-American c.vurs'on train was it! n r .Jed as be'ngthe a me of per.'ei t on. bet, that made its pilgr magi' a year and a half a.'o. mi I there have teen many important, improvements since that came to a close. First in t!.o string of li-.e cars is th" combination baggage, smoking, ami library car. Azt an. upon the forward pane's of which is inserib "d in large gilt letters: "1 he Pr-i hut ia! Specia'. " In one of the corners neare-t the engine is a perfei t im antle cent electric light p'ant, with a noisy liit'e dynamo in fre quent operation. In the suite compart ment the baggage and a re erve sto k of supplies js stored away, ali iu the most admirable order and looking as litte like the otdinary everyday bagi'azecar as could he easily imagined. A narrow doorway, generally occupied by a swinging door, separates the I ag gage section from the sinoking-room and library. The nphoNtery is of olivu plush, and the furniture is of a charac ter that cannot fail to contribute to the comfort of those mortals who are priv ilege I to use it. Two bookcases, cue on eavh side of the ,-ar, contain a couple of hundred standard works, 'anil beneath M il of the cases is a desk ami a supply of writing mat; rial. Petween the cases anil alongside of the clock is an electric screw-fan which faces a twin contriv ance at the opposite end of the apart ment; these, when in op rat'on, will keep the atmosphere fairly clear and reasonably cool. "Colorado" is the name of the dining car, and a more nearly perfect creation iu the shape of a restaurant on wheels could not easily be found The furnish ings of the dining-car proper are su premely :t stlietic. ( leauiy waiter-, clad in spotless white raiment, are not leasj among the attractions. The kitchen lacks nothing, and presided over by one of the most experienced Afro-America i cllOf"!. Next the commissary In adijua. t-rs is the President's car. the "New Zealand. " So far as the upholstery of the main in-t-rior is concerned, ihis is probably tlio least attractive subdivision of the train. The plush is a dull variety of blue, and tlic curtains arc s a! brown. Here and there newspaper representatives are tjuarteri d Put b -youd the somberly comfort ibie appcaring drai er'e is a traveling para dise the drawing rooms t.cc ipied by the President and Mrs, Harrison. The a 1 .art incuts, which arc en suite, arc au dels of artist e taste. All the wood work is enameled in while and decorated with tin choicest floral patterns in gilt moldings, while the seats and sofas arc covered w ith a rich shade of terra cotta plush. A more pleasing effect would hardly be possible. The "Ideal." whicli is the car follow ing immediately after the Presidential vehicle, differs materia! y from the other ears. Its interior is divided into six dr.'.wiig rooms, and each of these sub divisions possesses coloring and design distinctively its own. More interesting than any oilier por tion of the tra'n to the millions of men. women and i hihlien who xviil strive to see the President and Mrs. Harrison dur ing the next few days will be the "Ya fiiiia" the last tar in the train. I-'rorn its rear end the Pros dent will deliver PRIVATE APAICI -MKNTs OK Tilt: PII1'S1U',:.T AND SI US. II A I! HI son. millc ti,aM a fow speeches and, leaning mor th(, brass-topped brone fent e. must , ,tt ,.,.eSsdiv shake manv a hornv hand. to say no'hingof the hands that are not even moderately haid. Wh'iithe train was inspected by -Mrs Harrison, shortly before the hour of departure, she ex pressed a decided preference for the Ya cuua as a day-ear. ami her judgment was applauded by the ladiesof the party. Tho fowafd end 01" thoYaeiiua contains si? sleeping sections, upholstered iu bluo and metal lilted iu brass. In the rear of these and separated from them only by the buffet is the observation compart ment, with plush-cushioni d wil'ow chairs enough to act ommodate sixteen people, provided no one chair is bur dened by more Cian one individual. The windows are large and are made of tho finest plat gla-s. Human ingenuity may be able to make railway travel less irksome and more comfortable than it is now. hut. ingenuity must strain itself considerab'y if it suc ceeds iu turning out anything more, elaborate and complete than Ihe "Presi dential special." The ISritish warship Thumb rer has received four specimens of a gun, fiom which great things are expected. The original 1 rtuament of the Thunderer consisted ( two IkS-toii aud two 3-"i-ton muzzle-loading guns, and one of these burst iu the course of practice, inside the turret, with fatal results. It was believed that the gun had been twice loaded befo:e tiling. The new guns, two of which are mounted on each tur ret, are of 10 inch caliber and '20 tons in weight. The total length h 2(5 feet 10 inches, the projectile weighs 500 pounds, and the full charge of powder is, as is now usual, just, half that weight. At a lange of 1,000 yards it is calculated to pierce twenty-ono inch es of wrought iron plate. Ix Susses, Fjng'and, a necklace of beads, made from peony root, was placed on the child's neck to a;sist the oura tion of teething and one of amker beads was also thought powerful. iv3 WIXTER WHEAT CHOP. THE OUTLOOK GOOD FOR A BIG YIELD. The Crop in III no k Has Improved MiKt, WliUn Kann Show liie .at a'n I!csian I'iy a-:l Winter Killin Aflrct tlio np Imt Little Kiicoi.ragins Ins pects, The ynntirrsi' Ilrrinr says: "The recent rains have materially id vaiu etl ilie prospects of the crop. Th's improvement has averaged T1. percent, in all the States. Kansas showing thu least, gain ami Illinois the greatest. "In Illinois the warm rains have im proved tic j r. sp -cts IT 1 er ci nt., esti mating on an average crop. Out of tho eighty-five corres; ondents reporting only twcaty-oie repi-rt aiy damage; from anyiause, and iu those counties the loss amounts to only u per cent, on au average. In many secfons no spring wheat is :ovn. but in those counties where it, is grown seeding is well along, except in some of the more northern counties. "Reports from fifty correspondents in Indiana show a gain of :t per cent, in the Slate. Kiev en counties report a damage of fi per cent, from late freezing and oth r causes. Seeding of spring wheat is well advanced. "Ohio shows a ualn of 7 per cent on contlitii 11, reports being received from sixiy-oii! conespondeiit . Only twenty two icport any loss from freezing antl lhawing anil wet weather, and theso los es average in pt cent for the sea son. Vety little spring wheat, is sown in the State, and that little is nearly all seeded. "Michigan nearly keeps pace with Ohio, siimv ing a gain of 7 er cent. Twenty-eight counties show the in osj.ects to beg od. From eicht nuntics come re ports of an average, damage of f per cent, from iu-e-ts. sea city of snow and from frost. Th ' work of seeding spring wheat not yet begun at the time of this repr.rt -Kentucky sh ws a gain of in percent. Two counties show an average loss of 6 per cent, from wet weather. Xti spring win at of cons -ijuence is sown in tho Si ate "The improvement in Wisconsin in the last tliirty days amounts to 4 per cent. From twelve counties conic reports of damage during the season, averaging 12 per cent, can ej by winter killing and free, tig in the fall. The sowing of spring w ln at is not yet begun, except in a few localities. "A gain of li per cent is retorted from Iowa, three counties only reporting any loss from winter killing. In theso damage amounts to 1'.' per cent. Tho seeding of spring wheat in its various stages, in some counties being all in. in others just comiiiunced, ami in others pot yet begun. "Missouri has gained s per cent, in condition. From tifty-twocounties canin tlattering reports of Hie pros pets of an immense crop. Xinc counties report a loss during the season f s per cent, on an average, most of this lcing due to the Hessian fly. Very little spring wheat is grown in t':e State, but where it is grown the seeding is advanced. "From fifty-one correspondents in Kan sas gratifying reports are. received. Seven counties report a loss of 7 percent, from the fly. from tlie dirt blowing off and leaving the seed hare, and from other causes. The seeding of spring wheat is progressing finely, but very lit tle is sown. "From the reports of our correspond ents we summarize by States the per c ntage of condition as compared w ith an average as fol'ows: Illinois lft.1 per cent Indiana lo.. Oh o 101. Michigan '.is, Kentucky tip, Wisconsin IU, Iowa Mis ouri lo:, Kansas 10.";." FUNERAL OF VON MOLTKE. Crow 110,1 lleails How Holure the Remains of siermany' reat CSenfral. Th funeral ser.iees over ihe remains of Fic'd Marshal Fount Von Moltke took place in the bail-rtom of the general staff building, iu which building the veteran died, and win re his body h.id been lying in stat'. Kmperor William, the King of Saxony, theOratid Dukcsof ltaden, Saxe-Weimar, a ul Hesse, the principal members of the royal families of Germany, together with the. leading German Generals, w. re present. Tho services lasted forty minutes. Tin casket containing the deal Field Marshal's remains was then carried with much ceremony to the hearse, which was drawn by six of the Emperor's horses. After passing through streets lined with troops aud packed with spectators, tho lemaius arrived at the Lehrte station ami were placed upon a railroad car draped in black, which was there in Railing. All Sorts. S ik of the more costly bonbon boxes are of stainrd ivory, with a miniature framed in semi-precious stones on tho cover. Du. C:i.vt:t.Ks F. Hki skp, an eccentric, physician of P.altiinore, who died recent ly, made provision in his will for a but. her of silver vials, which were to be dis tributed among friends after they had been tilled with ashes from his cremated body. Mils. ( AtiiAiaxi: Siiaiip. of Phila delphia is now- in her 114th year, and has a daughter 7.1 years of age. Tho old lady is in good health, and exjiects to live several years yet She attributes her longevity to the fact that she "never worried about anything.' Tiif. annual snowfall in Colorado is enormous At Dillon, according to tho Fiiti i'u'im". the snowfall there from tho lirst day of November, issp, to May 10, istto, was twenty feet ten inches. At Kokonio in Is.M-e, by actual daily meas urements, something like ninety-six feet of the beautiful fell bet we 11 ov. 1 and June I. Of course, it kept on settling all the time, and when spring ojiened up there wasn't more than six or seven feet on the ground. Tin: best way to remove the smell of paint is to first, render the room as near ly as possible air-tight by closing tho windows, doors ami other openings. Place a xessel of lighted charcoal in tho room, and throw on it two or three hand f 11 Is of juniper berries. After twenty four hours the smell will have entirely disappeared. Another method of doing the same thing is to plunge a handful of new hay into ,1 pail of water and let It stand in the newly painted room. Mn. Svkxkv J. llit'Kstix, an English naturalist who has spent some time on tins Island of Celebes, has made some extensive observations of the corals of the Malay Archipelago. In regard to the food of corals, he is Inclined to the belief that many of them may ho vege table feeders. 'o doubt the water in the vicinity of mangrove swamps is full of the debris of leaves and wood, whicli, sinking to the bottom, must enter tho mouths of the coral animals. It is sug gested that this may explain th? vigor ous growths often seen near extensive swamps. Tiik rapidity with which flics pass through the air is not likely to be ap preciated by those who see only with what apparent ease they do it. l-'lies will keep up with a fast horse, and that, too, without lighting on him. In an open express err. through which the wind blows, they hold their places, flying this way and that without hitting against tht! sides. They must, therefore, go faster than horse er Car. Give man speed like this proimrtionrd to his size, and going around the world v.-tuld be taattor v! :nlv a few hours.