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m-. a -rrt-rv m n ttt MOM, AMlviliiiiM VOLUME I. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY JULY 23, 1891. NUMBER 25 THE LORD'S PRAYER, As the Plutocracy Think. BY BUTTON W11ACKET. Our Fathrr We who live in stone front housc3 And rtde in luxurious carriages. lYhirh art Rleh In all of this world's worldly Roods And gorgeously arrayed in purple and flue linen. In hfactn We t-xpeot to occupy the fnmt seats . The same a we d here below. llaUoirat Are all thy groat Kifts the air. the land, The sea. in fact, the earth, to our use. Be Thy mime Forever praised by our well paid choira" And f.V.tu a year preachers; Thy Finn-iota May be Intended Tor the poor. But we "aristocrats"' expect to get ;awav with it. f '(jnw What may hereafter, we have a "dead rlneh" On the irood thinns of this luuiolaue sphere. Thy Hill hf it in S- far as it relates t" fcr devils Who eat bread in the sweat of their broti-s. tin firth We afe having a giiod deal of a picnic Thanks to the patience of "them fools.' Ait it in in Jxrrn -Kven so let It be with us on earth : lhm't deprive us of any first class blessings. din iik A "corner" on all the linunlies ()f Thv clorlons and heuelieent kindness. thi a ly And thire hundreil and sixty-four other days From the toil of others give us regularly I fir iluily briii'l. Whenever we unmercifully skin our weaker neighbors Overlook the weakness, dear. good Lord, Ami fonjirf Hx 111 ample time, so that at the eleventh hour We call pass in through the "gates ajar." Our tn.H7ir Are indeed many our good deeds scarce But forgive us; though not, oh Lord. A ivt fortfir? tho1 who tiysptttx tiytitr't For if Thou didst we should indeed ' I'atch hell" with endless variations. Arni In.vl 11 Unerringly into all the "soft snaps" Where there is lots of money and no work ; but Mot into empttifi'm At least whei it will e found out. For we can't stand much temptation. ft't tltlirt-r t At all -events from the sheriffs cruel grip. And from self banishment to Canada: from rril Men who tind fault with their fate Anil "strike" and "boycot" kindly deliver us. For Thin? i' All infinite assistance hi keeping them In "that condition which Thou intended," 7?e killij'hiltl Wh-r' money is god. and workingmen Live tin bread ur.ti water, or take strychnine, is Thr potrir oinl qlriry Of litieiaiis. orilee-seekers. pap-suckers, linib-alls. shyliH-ks and money mongers Ami- iiftt JOrfr.r: To all of which we most sincerely From the bottom of our boots say, Atnfi' A DEADT-Y PARALLEL The People's Party In the. Middle of the Komt Is l'ireil at From ISotH Side. It is very amusing to note the sub terfuges to which the partisan press resorts to prevent the people from en tering into independent political ac tion. . The following quotations are taken from, the Globe-Democrat and the Republic of St. Louis, Mo. The former is a republican paper, while the latter owes its brilliant success to its ability to fool the people according t the democratic faith. These extracts are taken from the editorial columns of the two papers bearing the same date of issue, and are comments on tlie ac tion of the Cincinnati conference. We publish them m parallel columns that our readers may the more readily see the true inwardness or either the ignor ance or the deception which character izes most of our great dailies, -who seek, by diverting the attention of the people from real issues, to continue the present condition of affairs : FOU HEPl'BI.ICANS TOj FOU DEMOCIIATS TO HEAP. ltKAK. The point of chief iu-j The silence of the terest with respect to. plat form, giving run the new p.rty organ-l-eut to the McKir.ley ized at Cincinnati lies bill and to an average in the incongruous tariff tax of ar cents on character of the vari-;the dollar of value in ous elements which it every article of mamt represents. jfai-tured gitods used in it is difficult to treat thelifeof the American such a preposterous af-'people. gives the lie di fairin a serious man-jrect to the claim that ner. There is nothing any organization uj In it that appeals to the porting such a plat Judimieut or the con-; form is or that it can science of the people. I become "The People's and the intelligent Party." To accept the voter will easily detect McKinlcy bill, either its many weaknessesjby tacit consent or and hypocricies. A 'open indorsement, is to party organized in such accept republicanism a hap-lfaard fashion i with all that it implies, must necessarily he: And this is exactly fhort-lived. It does notvhat the Cincinnati stand for any definite convention has done, and important princi- By refusing to antago ple or set of princi-inize the WcKinley hill pies. lit not onlv prevents The republican farm- any third party issue prs will readily see that .if principle against the the jieople's party is republican party, but simply a scheme to throws the negative in ratch theirvolesforthe fluence of the third benefit of the demo-'party platform against rrats; and their intelli- the ' democratic ram pence will surely pro-ioaign for tariff reform, tect them against a de-jThere is every reason vice of that sort. ,to believe that this was Idone intelligently and The platform of the with the deliberate people's party seems to'purpose of strengt hen have been prepared !lng the republicans in with a view of antago-'power and crippling nizing the republican!the democrats in oppo party in as many re-isition. speefs as possible- In the first place the which is to say that It tariff was ignored to is calculated to draw avoid issue with repub rampaign c xpe uses Uranism, from the democratic! The subtreasury national committee. (scheme was insisted oh liioltt-lh-moi-rnl Kcp.).!to force issue against issue May as, ISai. (democracy. The Ay Ipulifir lein.), issue iMay 'JS. lfl. If there are two planks or proposi tions contained in the platform of the people's party that present such oppo site and absurd views as the two clip pings quoted aliove, we'll agree .to stand on our head and eat soup with a fork until one or the other of tho alwve mentioned papers tells the truth vhen speaking of any independent Siove nient on the part of the people.' St. Louix yatiotial Reformer. NATIONAL BANKS MUST CO. Secretary Chase Said They Had ltuilt I'p a Monopoly That Affected Kvery Inter est In the Country. The national banks have had their day. Well enough and good enough for the special emergency for which they wore created. Tho nation was in great straits in tho midst of a great war. Something iiihsT be done, and done at once, to meet the demand for "more money." S. Y. Chase, then sec retary of the treasurvcornpreheotled the situation. The national bank-r scheme and the greenback measure were presented to him. He at once adopted them. The rest is known nun me treasury was relieved irom an further embarrassment. But with the close of the war the work of the national banks was done, Still they kept on. Having realized immense profits from their business connections with the government, they -were lotn to sever the relation and go back to a regular legitimate banking system. And having become en trenched in their position, they "held the fort," and are now still at the front. Secretary Chase, however, did not approve of their continuance, know ing, as hedid, that their existence was intended as a temporary expedient. And so, while he considered the prom inent part he acted in establishing them as a thing to be proud of, he had the consistency and the courage to de mand their discontinuance when their legitimate work was over; and thus lie says in a letter : "My agency in proenring the pass age of the national banking act was the greatest financial act of my lifef It has built up a monopoly that affects every interest in the country. It ghould be repealed. But before this can be accomplished the people will bo arrayed on one side and the banks on the other in a contest such as was never seen in this country." And so thus we find it - the author of the system with us in demanding repeal. He saw the advantages to be realized in their establishment, but he was equally as clear and prompt for closing them up when tJie time arrived for this accomplishment. J. he contest is still on. It must not bo neglected. However useful and convenient they may have been-and during which time they havo been en abled to put millions in their coffers the time has come for a change, when, as Secretary Chase savs, "the law should be repealed." ' It is true we must have a money cir culating medium, but the time has come when this can be fully supplied by the government and without the cost and expense which is required to pay to the banks. Silver and gold coinage, with their equivalents in treasury certificates and treasury notes, will supply the public demand and give us every requisite which the situ ation calls lor. Thus the govornment may rise o the requirements of the constitution "to coin money" and perform every other duty pertaining thereto. It is time to go back to first princi ples and follow in the footsteps of the great exiounders who formed that un equaled document, and whose views and-opinions" correspond with the financial reformers of the present time. yat tonal View. What tiood Crops Won't J. Speaking on the above subject, Oregon Ailiame Herald says: prominent loan aent said to us the A the other day that one good crop with fair prices would destroy the alliance. Ha, ha! that's good. The farmers have been having good crops on the average for many years, and yet the alliance became a necessity. We should like to ask if one good crop with fair prices, will destroy railroad extortion? Will it'eqnalize the burden of taxation : Will it stop usury extortion ? Will it do away with child labor? Will it give work to.the millions of idlo men in the country at remunerative wages? Will it give the millions of female em ployes living wages? Will it destroy the sweating system in our factories? Will it compel the idle parasites to go to work and earn an honest living? Will it prevent the monopolization of life's necessities by a handful of our population? Will it destroy specula tion in land the heritage of all God's children? Will it destroy speculation in food products of the world ? Will it destroy trusts? Will it prevent the lockout of honest working people, thereby forcing tip prices by tho limit ing of output? Will it supply school facilities for the millions of children now crowded out? Will it destroy the robbery that now exists in every branch of the public service, wringing millions out of the people to satisfy the greed of a lot of schemers? Will' it secure an equal and exact adminis tration of justice to all people alike? Will it shorten tho hours of toil? Will ft correct all or any of the damnable ills that have grown out of the past administration of this country?" - ,lcrry Simpson and If lsOpponent. Jerry Simpson's opponent was James II. Halloweil, once United States at torney, and reputed one of the best stump speakers in Kansas. Acting upon the notion as prevalent -among the republicans of the district as it is now in other parts of the United States, that Simpson was an ignorant bump kin, Halloweil challenged him to a joint debate over the district. To the surprise of everyone himpson accepted and Halloweil and his friends prepared to enjoy his discomfiture1. When the first debate came off it furnished as much amusement as had been expect ed but Halloweil and his friends got none of the fun. The platform upon which Halloweil was running favored every demand of the people's party. It had been adopt ed in a spirit of demagogy to head of the alliance movement. lint Simpson, who had the opening,turned it to his own purposes by clinching his argu ments with liberal quotations from it. So Halloweil, when he responded, was obliged to denounce tho manifesto of the convention that nominated him or to yield tho debate to his adversary. He compromised by making a war speech, which Simpson ridiculed in his reply. Halloweil never. appeared for another chance to laugh at the it literate statesman. Lyon (.Vcj.) Sun A "itiifi,,,, Hollar Country." Secretary Foster's recent remark that "this is a billion dollar country" is accepted by the unthonghtful organs of his party as a splendid vindication of the lavishness of the billion dollar congress. Thev insist that the "growth of the country" renders necessary and tnereiore tustines tins increase in ex penditures. Let us see. The population of the country lust doubled from 18G0 to 18'JO. But the expenses of the govern ment during this period increased al most four-told from ii.J,UUO,iH). or about 2 per head, to $500,000,000, or 8 per head. To bring the comparison down to recent periods, as the Indianapolis Sentinel has done, at the last session of the forty-fourth congress, presided over by Samuel J. Itandall, the appro prsahions were 14t,30'2,119. At the last session of the fift v-first congress presided over by Czar Keed.'the appro priations-were $410,343,li;i. Ihe in crease was 183 per cent., although in in the same time the increase of popu lation has been only 39 per cent." In J creased five timt9 ftg tl0 otner woras tne appropriations m- popn- lation. Let The in Do Their Own fighting. If the millionaire mine-owners of Pennsylvania import the scum of all Jburope and then have trouble with the cattle because they want enough "fodder" to live on, and then import more of the same sort to take tho place of the strikers, then let the millionaire mine owners take care of the trouble of their own browing. We think it an outrageous shame that the rpst of the people should be taxed to guard the property of the mine owners who violate the law in the importation of these ignorant brutes for the purpose of making labor more plentiful, hence cheaper. We say that it is a shame and a disgrace to our boasted free coun try, institutions and civilization, that the state aids the monopolists who break the law in the importation of cheap labor, as against the poor brutes who know nothing of our laws or in stitutions, or anything but that they work for starvation wages now and that they cannot live.on any less. Chicago Express. THE PEOPLE'S CONVENTION Staggers tho DewocrHtlo Politicians of the South, and They are Making a Creat F.ffbrt to Head Off the Movement With Promises. L Paris, Tex., May 23, 1891. Re formers of the south, especially of Texas, are jubilant over the Cincinnati convention. It proved that the day star of human liberty was permanently in the horizon. It at once has changed the whole plans of the old-time party bosses, in fact it has driven them into the position of endorsement or at least advocacy of doctrines so far from what they espoused even a few weeks since, that the reading world knows them not by what they are saying. The demo cratic politicians are holding frequent meetings in this state. Their sole ob ject now is to head off the new party if possible; To do this they openly ad mit that they must incorporate into their platform "monetary reform." They are working on the, same plan in the south that the republicans work on in the north. Anything to prevent or retard the new party movement. They seem to have entirely lost sight of the republican party. They have no fears only for the people's party. The "press and backers of democracy in i this country bank on the worn-out de lusion that there is only room for two parties, that there is no room for the third party. They forget, or try to, that the people's party is one, and as to the others that is for them to settle. If there is only room for two parties and they believe it, they might as well arrange their affairs so as to recognize the people's party as one of the two. 1 scarcely believe that those who at tended that convention anil returned to their homes, have any conception of the effects it has had on American pol ities. It looks as though the whole south would be in line by the time the campaign opens in 18'.)"2. If no mis takes are mule it surelv will be. The Dallas Xrien, a representative southern democratic paper, in a lengthv editorial on the prospects of the final strike for justice, among other I tlnngs says : It would be premature to speculate as to the precise consequences ol the apparition of this new party. Doubt less it has come to stav, and it has a fate-like glance in relation to political events in 1892. The forces capitalized in the people's party may meet with defeat in its first campaign, but thev will not relax or dissolve. It is the nnture of such forces to accumulate with resistance, and to gain fresh im petus for renewed onset after every battled effort. It is important, then, in view of the possibility, if not proba bility, of tho ultimate success of this party, to understand that the money question is its main issue." Ihis expresses in a nutshell what they think of the party, and what the real issue is. In order to make it easy for the Tribune readers to understand whv the people of this country are moving in tins matter faster than in many states of the north, they must know that this is the most wonder fully productive country in the Union, and yet at the bankers' annual conclave pud wine feast held at Austin a few days ago, they proclaimed that in Texas there was only $2 per capita in circula tion. Does anyone wonder that a fight for an increase in the circulating med ium is necessary, and that the people in their condition are not ready to hear on this topic? I was talking with a gentleman the other day who is a merchant and a banker, quoted worth $225,000, and he said he could not loan any man money on any security whatever ; tnat no banker in the state could command money on which to carry on their bus iness. And so it is all over the south. No money to loan none in the pock ets of the masses everything is done on credit. The farmers buy on time and pay fully 30 per cent, more for goods than the cash price. The ef fects of this are readily understood. The politicians, of course, see the drift of the tide, and are busy formu lating somo scheme that will permit them to retain their place in public office. They are promising anything, everything, any time, anywhere, to anybody. They forget that Ingalls, of Kansas, did tho same thing. The more lie promised, the deeper the people plunged the knife into him. The leaders of the democratic and republican parties have all along de nied the need of financial reform. The people have forced the issue, and they must settle it, on the Ingalls plan. Ex Lieut, (xov. Oibbs is alarmed, and is putting in his time organizing demo cratic clubs over the state. In a speech last evening, he tried to console his anxious followers, but related the fol lowing rather correct truth, so far as the grease spot goes : "There is no danger from a third party if we do our duty; but there won't be enough left of tho democratic party to make a grease spot, if we sit down and swear everything is lovely. We have run in the same groove until the cogs hitch and don't work plumb." If he wants to get out of the groove he must do as the republicans do in the north get out of the old party. Gov. Gibbs is trving to get the dem ocratic party to adopt a plan differing J but little from the sub-treasury plan, endorsed at Cincinnati, in order to avert "the danger" of the third party. We all catch on ! With Cleveland and Wall street in tho lead for them, .and Harrison or Blaine and Wall street leading the republicans, and the people thoroughly aroused and forcing the only issue that will secure relief, the corporate powers of the earth cannot marshal force enough to stay the on ward march of the sons of toil, who have borne about all thev can and wilL The issues are grand; the contest will be tierce and probably turbulent, but the victory will be glorious. On! On! Now, or never. jr. IT. Sanders, Correspondence to Ioxra Tribune. Be "Watchful and lie Wise. .The party bosses, who are cracking the partisan lash over the people, threatening political excommunication and flaunting the bloody shirt, are simply moving toward a crisis little expected. Their actions show that they are not familiar with the history nor spirit of the industrial classes. Excessive taxation and the absorption of the wealth of the country by a priv ileged class brought on that Tyler re bellion in England, which for years secured to English farmers free land. The reign of terror of the French Eevolution was inaugurated by the op pressed industrialists of the vine-clad hills and sunny groves of fair France, and was the outgrowth of excessive stringency in money matters and con gested wealth. That, revolution de stroyed Bourbon ism and paved the way for the present Republic. To-day the farmers in France are the most - pros- perou9 in tho world. The farmers ol ' our country and tho laboring classes iu our towns and cities are driven into combinations and organizations by the exorbitant taxation laid ujion them by the unjust legislation of the land. They are resolved that .justice shall be meted out with an even hand. -They intend, by the use of the most potent weapon known to civilization, the bal lot, to right the long existing wrongs, Should they fail by this means, it re quires no prophetic pen to forso ewhat will- follow. , le watchful and wise. Southern Mercury. OUR USURIOUS MASTERS How the Credit System l'liuidors the Country. On January 1. 1891, thero were 3,540 national banks with $(i.r)0,000,000 capi tal, owning $310,000,000 of profits and surplus, $122,000,000 of circulation (U. S. money furnished them at 1 per cent). They held $1,505,000,000 as debits. These deposits show about twice as much money as there is in circulation in the United States. They are made up largely of notes given by depositors to the bunks and credited as money to their accounts. The bank loans amounted to $1,980,000,000. Besides this they had $288,000,000 as re serves. Besides these there are 2,018 private banks, not including savings banks, with $500,000,000 of capital and $1,084,000,000 cf deposits. It will thus be seen that the great business of banks is to inflate the cur rency by giving to interest bearing notes of individuals practical money functions. When a farmer or mer chant gives hi3 note to a bank for $1,000, the bank gives him a credit of $1,00(5 in money. Thus every such note practically increases the circula tion. The banks of the country have out standing loans which they have re ceipted for as so much ready money, over 4.000 millions of dollars, or over four dollars for every dollar in actual circulation: and thev control only a part, of the circulation of the country, their inflation must approach ten dol lars for every one real dollar. Under such circumstances, when the real dol lars are. wanted they cannot be had. All the business of the country is at the mercy of a scare. A panic can be whistled up at any time. The reason the hanks so bitterly oppose any in crease of the money, is because if- the United States furnished the real money necessary to do our business the hanks could not inflate and thus reap their enormous profits. The interest at 7 per ceut. on 4,000 millions yields" tho banks the marvelous revenue of 280 millions a year. That is what bank inflation now costs the producers of this country. What colossal wealth as a reward for sharp practice all the result of ignorance on the part of their victims. Iowa Tribune. A Sure Kuoitglk l'ftl, Laboring Man Mr. Banker, I want to deposit $100 for a year; what inter est do you pay? Banker If you will leave it the full year I will give you 4 per cent. Laboring Man All right, give me the check. Banker Certainly, my noble fellow, here it is. Lalioring Man Xow, I guess that I n loan some money out here to a farmer and at a good percentage, and as you are paying me $4 for the use of my $100, I will leave this check with you as security, and I want you to loan me $90 on it at one per cent, per an num. Banker We don't do that kind of business. You must think we are fools to let you have money and then pay vou for the privilege of doing so. Laboring Man Is that the name you call fellows w ho do that kind of busi ness? Why, old fellow, that is what Uncle Sam has been doing for you these many years past. Do you mean to sav that he is a fool? Alexandria (La.) Fanner' (iazette. . Time to Slop II. The people of the south and west nave iieen engaged lor tinrty vears past in hating one another with great bitterness. This hating has been most irrational. It is true now, and it has been true for thirty vears, that the in terests of the south and west are tho same. Both these sections are agri cultural, anil tney iiotn will remain agricultural. The natural friends ami political associates of the south are the. people of the west. hatever is against one section is against the other, and whatever helps one section will help the other. Il.ese obvious facts are just beginning to be perceived over the mountains of passion and prejudice that have been piled up between these sections. And when these facts shall come to be fully seen by the people of these sections, woe be to those who use their riolitieal power for tho purposes ot burdening these sections. "Good were it for those men if they had not been born." Raleiili(S. G.) Progres sive, tanner. f.ood I'rospeetH and ood Work. There never has been a time when the labor party had such brilliant pros pects. All over the country organiza tion and education are the watch words, and the people are falling into line by the thousands. The work, too, is being systematized. Harmony prevails everywhere. Circu lating libraries are to be found in every state, liiousandu ot tracts and .docu ments of information are circulated throughout the land, and last but not least by any means, between 000 and 700 reform papers are now united in T reform press association and sending out throughout the length and breadth of the nation from day to day and from week to week, reform news, arguments and exhortations, all on the same line and to the same end. imiy the prospect is encouraging and it now behooves every laboring man to go to work in this cause, and work as he never worked before. Ar kansas Sentinel. ltoger Q. Mills in a Corner. Why don't Mr. Mills and others ob ject to the free-delivery system, which delivers every pei .son's mail in the cities at his gate or door, while you old farmers have to get on your old, hard plowed mule or horse, and ride to town after yours? Almost every law in the national statutes are either class laws or partial in their effect, and every time working in the interest of money and money centers. Now, why have the democrats never denounced this as class legislation and favoritism, when the government has a whole army of carriers dressed in uniform to carry mail to the man in the city, while the man in the country the farmer must go after his? There are millions of dollars spent this way every year, and yet you never hear any congress man complain. fiance' Vindicqlor. ICE-BOUND GREENLAND THE SCENE OF NEW EXPLOR ING OPERATIONS. Lieutenant I'eirr and a Party Itotind for Jaunt to Determine the Country's Northern Limit a i l I ay Out a Iloute Toward tho Cole. From Xew York th'Tc lias sailed a little bit of a whaling vessel the Kite rwell seasoned to the arctic waters, with two adventurous par ties, one section of which intends to lay out. a route for some future expedition to tho north pole, the other bent on the scientif ic exploration of tho north w e s t coast of Greenland. The twolTauds which have, pooled their is sues u!.d arruiiKcd to travel about 3,000 miles due north In company, I.Ji. BKSI, siniie, 70 ll.COIST. and afterward to separate and do alono tho work that will have brought each into the arctic region, are S.ieut. Kobert E. Peary's party, todctormino the north ern extent of .reeiilaiKi, ami the com pany of scientists under command of l'rof. Angelo lleilprin of the Aca lem of Natural-Sciences of 1'hilade.lnhla. wl: will ascertain the physical facts about what is probably the mot interesting section of tho same country. Although (ireonland wa . olonize;! by Europeans a thousand years ao, very ltt o is known alio t its interior. a'id nothing in relation to its extreme, north ern boundary. Some pe:qie claim that it a continent stretching perhai as far as the nor h pole, but gNigraphers gener ally agree that it is an i land, and that there is an ocean passage onnecting the Arctic Ocean with the Atlantic not very far north of the most northerly po nt so far reached on the west coa-t of Green land. Th:s thcorv Is lornn on Is bv the con- figura'ton of tin coast llnu. which nar row; n both coasts toward the north, and it requires v ry ilttle imagination to round out tho Is'and, making tho north ern limit cross a One about 400 ini'ei MAI OF 1'EAllV S from the. north po'e. Lieut 1'eary's idea is t-: reach this limit, establish stations ther. and make those stations the starting jMjttit of an other expedition t(j tlie pole ittelf. This same latitude has never been reached by any of the many polar expe ditions. The scheme, therefore, is to be gin a little north of tho points where Barry, Bayer. De Long, and ;reeley left off, assuming that Greenland is an island, and that fu ture expeditions will, probably bo made in strong whnleboats, carried in sections over the ice cap which covers-' the country. Tho surface of tho cap is : o m p a r a 1 1 v e 1 y smooth, and admitsmt. w. n. f.. iii-chr of traveling which might be called lux urious when compared with journeys over the jagged, froen sea. i !ne of the reasons for believing in tho Jxistence of a channel at this point, con necting the two ocea:is, is that a heavy Row of water comes down the const. It comes, probably, from the Atlantic, be cause the tides can be identified as At lantic tides as opposed to those of the Pacific. ; Whether these 10 miles between Greenland and tho po'e are tilled in with only a frozen ocean broken up into an impassablo ice gorge, or whether thero is THE STEAM a chain of islands giving tolorably easy access to the pole is, of course, yetto be determined. i Beary and his party will be; ab'e to do littlo but preparatory work during the present year. The Kite will convey them to some suitable spot in. I'riidhoo Land, and they will go into winter quar ters immediately, where they will wait until next summer for their great dash to the northern limits. They will de liberately got frozen in there for the I lC. f ARE wTTTl winter. AH tho expeditions which havo gone for tho polo havo met this fate, but they havo had the disadvantage of being 1,1 KITE 1ST n. E. TKAliV, in ships which were likely to be "nipped" and sunk. It will not be until next year, there fore, that the fruits of 1'eary's explora- lions can be pluckud With the Ib-ilpriu party, however, the case is different. After depositing I'eary and his effects in the most shel tered nook it is possible to find, tho bonny little Kite will take to her heels and land the other party at points a'ong the coast favorable tf the determination of important facts missing in the scien tific history of (ireeulaud. Considering their well-known ability anl capacity for research, the discover ies of the lleilprin party are likely to be more diverse and Interesting than, even those of I'eary. The region to bo traversed is very ricli in animal life, and it is intended to secure . specimens of every creature that will kindly come within tho range of the very effective guns that will bo carried. Polar bears, wolves, foxes, seals, rein deer, musk ox, walruses and scores of animals almost equally Interesting arc to be found about Whale Sound. Insects rnOPOKEI) liOCTE, and birds till the air. On land there arc minerals and extremely valuable speci mens of fossils, and thq. botanist, though not as richly repaid for his labor as in other parts of the world, can find plenty to do among the lichens, mosses, grasses and flowers of the country. There seems to be a wave of curiosity just now about Greenland, for, fn addi tion to the two expeditions on the Kite, at least two others have been fitted out in Northern Europe. Kach. however, has its separate mission. While there will be, to a certain extent, scientific compotlt'on. the expeditions are not likely to come to blows, or even to meet Patriotic Americans will, of course, hope that the Hei prin i arty will carry off the laurels. The Kite, in which the ) arty will travel, is a typi al whaler, not beautiful to the eye but powerfu', seaworthy, and just about as unsinkable as a vessel can lie made. This craft, to which the party commit themselves and" their hoies for a period of about four months, is bark built, but bnrkentine rigged, and, though equipped with all the sails a vessel of her size can pos ibly carry, she has an engine and propeller. She relies chiefly on her can vas, but the steam is useful in extri cating her from ice. The Kite's dimensions are 117.0 feet over all, L'i!4 feet t eam, and 14 feet hold. Its tonnage is iso gross and 1 'JO net. The engine is fifty horse power, and, being a vertical engine, the builder was cnab ed to place it well aft. This gives the propeller a short crank shaft. WHALER KITF. and lessens the liability to breakage. Its normal speed is seven . and a half knots with steam, and with both sail and steam fully nine knots. As a pro tection against ice while running free the Kite's bows fifteen feet back are a solid mass of wood, the, timbers being dovetailed together. A vertical strip of iron passes from the bowsprit down the nose under the water line and some 'dis tance 'along the keel. The iron is 4 inches wide and 1 inch thick. Strays of I". S. N. Iron 4 Inches wide and Inches thick are bound around the noso horizontally to snub tho ice. From the stern two thirds of tho way forward the sides are doubly planked. Both sides down to the koel forward are also doubly planked. She has had plenty of experience among thoTicebcrgs. Mr. Bowring, of the ship ping firm of Bowrlng & Archibald, of Xew York, the agents of the Kite, says that if she hit an iceberg it would be a very bad thing for the berg. Whalers of t-his'khid go north, loaded to tho gunwales with coa1, and if they are specially fortunate and catch their whales quickly, they heave tho coal overboard to make room for the oil. The Klto may bring back a whale or two, but tho plans of the party are to make its zoological prices mu' li more varied than those of a whaler." Dr. Hughes expects to havo a carnival among tho birds of Greenland and fill up a large tart of tho st- an er's 'tween decks with bird skins, eggs and nests. Dr. Sharp will carry a Winchester riTe J of a bore sufhdently large to enable, him to bag with ease a polar bear,a walrus, a narwhal the unicorn-whalo or a seal. Keindeer and musk ox will tumble before his bullets If has the bwk he hopes for. Lieut.-Beary said that the chief ob- ject sought to be accomplished by the expedition is the solution of the prob lem whether Greenland is an island or a continent. "If it is a continent, and it seems to me that the weight of the evi dence is that way," Lieut. I'eary con tinued, "the Vexed question of the find ing of tho north pole will have been an swered in tho affirmative, for it will be necessary, in order to reach the pole, only to penetrate further and further into the frozen country: along the line of the western coast of Greenland. If it shall bo proven that Greenland Is a con tinent, many livos of explorers who might seek to reach the pole by sailing north will bo spared. " In some parts of Greenland, particu larly the north, the ice and snow, col lecting for ages, has accumulated until it Is a mile thick in some places. As It never melts, the surface is tolerably smooth. It is the dlschargo of ice by means of glaciers tint keeps tho suppry down The weight of the snow pressing from the center to the edges forces the ice into the sea It flows down the valleys as rivers do. and. reachiiiK the sea. is broken o!T into Icebergs. Greenland, therefore, is one huge iceberg factory as well as "a refrigerator which, wjth its stock of millions upon millions of tons of ice stored up for eternity, ha? a tremen dous effect upon ihe le.mperature f everything with. ii hundreds of miles of if, and no doubt upon i lie climate of this country. Lieut. I'eary gives the following 1 rief outline of his plans: In .July tho party, numbering five or six, will go into winter quarters at ha o Sound, to make re oiinoisances and lay in supplies for tho journey toward the pole. Xext spring an advance party will to sent forward to establish de pots of supplies, an l the niiin party will follow, proceeding as lar north as possible. Hero a second depot will be estab lished, and two or three of. ti e party with full sledges, will push on, theothers returning w.th light s'edges to Whale Sound. The advance party will i ush on from rotermann fjord to the head of Mierard Osl orno fjord, establish a depot there, thence to the head of Be Long fjord, es tablish a depot, thence to the northern terminus of Greenland. This toint reached and determined. the advance party will retrace its steps to W hale bound, taking up the various depots, and seize tho lirst opportunity to return home. 'I he whole theory of the project is based upon the fact that the interior of South and Middle Greenland is known to be covered with an uninterrupted ico cap and the more than probability that in North Gre maud tho condblons are the same and tho ico cap practically co extensive with the land 1 lie Rett A an'rt Itroneo. The toughness and strength of tho ponv can scarcely be exaggerated. He will live through a winter that will kill the hardiest cattle. lie worries through the long months when the snow has covered up the bunch grass on a diet of cottonwood liongus, which the Indian cuts down for him; and in the spring it takes but a few weeks for him to scour out into Bplendid con ditiou. He can go unheard of dis tances. Colonel R. I. Dodge records an in stnnro enmincr under bis nbservntion where a pony carried the mails 800 miles in three consecutive nights, aud back over the same road the next week, and kept this up for six mouths with out loss of condition. Be can carrv auy weight. Mr. Parkman speaks of a chief known as Le Cochon, on ac count of his 300 pounds avoirdupois. who nevertheless roue his pomes as bravely as a man of half his bulk. The pony has often carried two people as one. There is simply no end to this wonderful product of the prairies. He works many years. So long as he will fatten up in the spring his age is lm material. Ihe absence of crest in the pony suggests the curious query of what has become of the proud arching neck of ms ancestors, tne barb. There are two ways of accounting for this. The Indian's gag bit, invariably applied with a jerk, throws np the pony's head instead of bringing it down, as the slow and light application of the school curb will do, and this tends to develop the ewe neek. Or a more sufficient reason may be found in the fact that the starvation which the pony under goes in the winter months tends to de plete him of every superfluous ounce of flesh. Baltimore American. Ma and Fa. Mrs. De Style The expressman has come with my box of w orth dresses, Tell pa to go down and pay mm. Little Son Pa can't go down now, He s sewing a patch on his pants. -Street & Smith's Good News.' a A Circus ot Hi Own. Wooden Did you go to the circus Bultinch No, I didn't need to. Wooden Why ? Bnlfinch- We had twins at our house. - ' n jr. EQrirfED POR THAVEt- HUMOR. Tins II In Hi. It happened at Springfield. Scene barber shop. Victim (to barber) Is this yonr es tablishment ? "No, only half of it.ismine." "So you have a partner ?" "The man at the next chair owns the other half." "Why don't you own hi share?" "That's my business." "Well, if vou own one-half and the oilier hulfs your business, why don't you own the shop?" Boston Com- mercial Bulletin. Mrictly Pure. Customer This ground coffe.0, you say, is perfectly pure?" halesman i'erfectly, ma am. Customer Then how does it happen ' that you t-e'l it cheaper than the un ground coffee f balesmau Lr ma, am er Coat-Shedtllnc Time. Little Dot Mamma, please give m a whole lot of moth paper. . Mamma hat for.' Little Dot To pack my Kitty away. Her fur is all comiu' off. Street Smith's Good News. A ( ol Suggestion. Cheekier Spatis Dear me! I weally don't know what to do this summer to occupy my mind ! Sally De ltt hy don't you take a trip to the Antartic Ocean .' I here s absolutely nothing going on there. Puck. It Wou il Sieom So. "Mr Falarv has been raised," said he, "and I think I am in a jKisition" now where I can tafelv ask yon to tame the dav." "It would look, that wav to anv one who could -see tis," raid the blushing maiden seated on his knee. Indian- apolL Journal. The Old Man Was a It tile Off". "John, pass the cream." said a man to his son at tha breakfast table in a West Side boarding house. ' . There is none, nuldlv suggested the vouth. "What!" roared the parental parent. "There ain't a t1ro-." "Young man. hand over that milk pitcher or Til kneck the whole top of your head off!" exclaimed the irate paternal parent. JUasv new, old man; youve given me too many lessons in lying to try and palm off West .Side milk for cream. Don't forget yourself, pa, and remember, if vou can. just where we're lioarding." kentucky Journah Charlie flared the Game. "Charlie isn't at home just now," taid young Mrs. Tockcr to a neighbor who had dropped in to spend the even-, ing. "He said he was going down to the club for a little froeze-out. I don't know exactly what that is, but I'm glad if he can find any cooling bever age during this awful weather. " Washington Post. Tttl's Prayer. A neighlior's family received news the other day of the arrival of- a hew cousin to be added to the group of two little cousins in a di-dant town. At night, when little Ted -came to say his prayers, feeling like throwing the mantlo of his blessing over all hi-j connections, he pi-ayed something as follow s : . "Oh, Dod. peas bress Dot. and Bes-' sio, and and de odder kid." IPafer bury American. Entertaining Reading. Farmer That was a stavin paper you got out last week. County editor I am glad to hear that you were pleased with it. Farmer Them stories you- had in about them fellers bein' cured of long standing diseases were the entertaiu ingist bits of news I've read for a long time. The Humorist. True Economy. De Jinks Where d'ye get that suit ? ' Finchy At Waste's. De Jinks Then you paid two prices for it, my boy. Finchy-Oh. no, I didn't. De Jinks Well, you paid more than it was worth. Finchy Xixy! Fact is, I haven't paid for it- at all. Munsey'8 Weekly. It IVavn't Puker. One of the powers Yon are accused of poker-playing, Hastings Yes. You see,vmy friend and I sat down for a quiet little game . O. V. (growing interested ) Yes. Hastings And he opened a pot for 1 . , - O. r. (growing more interqteil- Hastings Well, I went in and drew, five cards. O. P. (more and more interested) Y'es. Hastings I caught a pair of deuces; he bet $5, and I called. O. P. On a pair of deuces? Hastings Yes. O. P. The accusation is withdrawn; that wasn't poker. Harvard Lam poon. Adding Innnlt to Injury. While conversing with Miss Esmer alda Longcofhn, an pld maid of Hous ton, Texas, she ask'el a young -man in a bantering tone : "How old do you really think lam?" "About thirty," he replied. "You are joking," said Miss Long coffin, indignantly. "WelL" said the wretch, looking at her more critically, "you can't .be much older than thirty-five or forty." Texas Sifting. She Was Teaching Him. A lady, on entering the kitchen early one morning, saw a plate and knife and fork, the former of which had - evidently contained cold rabbit pie. The lady strongly suspected f certain policeman of having supped off it, and the following-conversation took place between her and the cook: Mistress Mary, what's become of the cold rabbit pie that was left ? Cook Oh, I didn't think it was want ed, mum, so I gave it to the dog. Mistress (sarcastically) Does the dog use a knife andfork, then ? Cook (unabashed ) Not very well yet, mum, but I'm teachiu him to London Tit-Bits.