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' MM' MCDN. NUMBER 2(i VOLUME I. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY JULY 30, 1891. SOME HISTORIC SPOTS. WHERE THE INDIANS FOUCHT TO HOLD THE NORTHWEST. Buttle ;rnin;l4 r tlio AVari of Mad An thony Way no .-ml V i Dam llonry Harri son An Aso. iiition to Krect Monuments Vpon tho Sites l tlio O.il I'urts hi tlio Maiimeo Valley Neglected tiravos of tlio Heroes of IVrry's Victory. Hi; national movements t o it ark by appro p r i a t n monu ments points of historical intor 'st liavo suggest ed to the citions of Northwestern Ohio and North eastern Indiana tho preservation of tin) sites of tli battle- fields and forts along tin! Manmee 11 iv or rendered con spicuous In the early history of t h o Northwest Territory by the memorable campaign of Gen. Wayne against the Indians and the subsequent campaigns of the war of 1S12. sm" time ago. says a correspon dent of the ( "hteaso Trihinic. there was organized the Manmee Va'Iey Monu mental Association, an organization wit' liead'iuar;ers at Toledo, Ohio, whose 1'resident isKutherford 11 Hayes, elected to suce: ed the late Chief Justice Waite. The Secretary is John C. l,co of To'edo The Vi. e President are R. S. Robertson. l'o:t Way tie, Iiui. : S. II. Cately, lielta. Ohio; K. C. Lommon, Toledo. I:. !. Mitchell, Ma uni? e, ( .'hio, is Treasurer. Other officers are Thomas luiiilap. Toledo: Daniel F. Cook. Man wee: .1. Austin SimU. Ann Arbor. Mich. : Asher Cook, lVrrytiir:r. Ohio: Samuel Youn,'. Toledo: ileabeii I!. Mitholl, Mamiioe: .!e"i F'ot. Toiitosany, Ohio: F. I!. Uanda'.l. Fort Wayn : and Foster It. Warren, syivani.i. hio. Th association has boon engaged for five years in eiTorts id secure possession f the most important historica points, such a forts and 1 att!e grounds in the Manmee Valley, and to have them marked by suitabln monuments. It lias been decided that the following are w.irthy of t ommeinorat'on: Fort In-, ilustry. the site of Toledo: Fort Miami, mar Maun.ee City: Fort Defiance, at Feliance: Fort Meigs, near Pcrrysburg: Fort Wayne, at Fort Wayne: the battle field of Fallen 'l imbers, near Watorville; and the o d burial ground on Pnt-iu-llay Island, in f ake Krie. of tin, so fort Industry. Miami. I'oft Jince, Meigs, and Wayi.c and the battle lield of Fa lei. Timbers were strategic points or points of defense or of offense in the victorious campaign of "Mad An thony" Wa.'.iie airainst 'the Indians in TT'.H. and all tigun-d conspicuously in the war of 1I2. Their location is cor rectly indicated on the map above. After the defeat of (en. St Clair, Nov. Indians, inflamed by hatred and encouraged by successes, committed tin; most outrageous di' rcdatiimsaiid the gross st barbarities on the settlers. Fn successful c a m paigns against iho savages only stimu lated their earn axe. ind in 1 T'.i.'i (ea. An thony Wavne was i barged with abat ing it. He was a cautious soldier who waited for advantage bold dashes for victory. His great vigilance won him the name of "Jilack Snake" from the Indians and Tlio vigor o,' his lighting when he was assured of tin; advantage another of "Hurricane." For the same trait he liad lonir been known as "Mad Anthony. " Gen. Wayne advanced from Fort Wash ington (Cincinnati) to Fort Greenvilic (Greenville, Ohio', whence he sent de tachment to take possession of thepsi tion lost by St. c air. '! his was accomplish ed and a fort built called Tort Kerofery. Wayne then continued his advance against the village of the Miami tribe of Indian?., and Aug s, readied lie- continence of tin- Auglaize and the "Miami of the Lakes," now the Maomee Kivcr, who ii! he erected Fort DoiijBce, triving it a name appropriate to theton ditions of its building and destined to perpetuity in the name of the present city on the s'te. Tim traces of this fort are still wll defined. It is situated at the angle of the Maumee and Auglaize Hi vers, nd lias been subject to some injury by the erosion of the wa ers. which have' washed uway portions of the northern and east ern salients, and the point is slowly re ceding, though many years will elapse before, its destruction is complete. It is propos d to mark the spot by a granite monument with s,ijtan;e ins. riction, for which it is estimated S.voo i win lie ufliciont. j From Fort Defiance Gen. Wavne, on er instru lions from Wnshinirt,,,, af- fered the Indians peace. In a council of Iadians Little 1 tittle, a chtof who is saii to have possessed a e'egrco of statesman ghip that would have won him fame 1H C.FN ANTIIOSV WAVNE. 4, 17'. 'J. the 7 i' s rs TV t.lTTI.E TVIi'll.K. and then made diplomatic circles of European courts, advised peace. His counsels were over thrown by the younger chiefs, who boasted of previous victories. Tut tie cautioned thorn again-t the new warrior that the Father at Washington had sent against them, but they wore obstinate and voted for war. (Jen. "Wayne ad vanced and pitched his camp near Waterville. 'lhc next day (Aug. 0, : ; JS MAP SHOWING FOKTS IN' 17'.H,ihe gave battle to the Indians. who were intrenched behind somo trees that had been prostrated by a tornado, whence the name of the Hattle of Fallen 'limbers. Wayne came upon the sav-a'-esliko t he wind that had laid low the forest, his soldiers partaking of his own irresistib'e courage, it was this battle that won for Wayne the cognomen of "Che-no-tin" or the Hurricane. This battlefield lies on the river and is culti vated for farming purposes There are about twelve and one-third acres that it is proposed to purchase at an estimated cost of 510!) per a re. and erect at a con spicuous point a granite monument, so as to bring the total cost w ithin ."i,()0:). Con. Wayne pursued the Indians even under the guns of the llritish Fort Miami, but passed on down the river to the mouth of Swan Creek, where he con structed a military fort, which, owing to the industry of his army in its construc tion, lie named Fort Industry. Tin's fort Wayne garrisoned and it was occu pied for a number of years. Its dimen sions were about COO by l."0 feet, and its site is now the busiest I art of the city of Toledo, at the intersection of Monroe street and Summit avenue. All trace of it was long ago obliterated, but the fact of its location at the point indicated is preserved in the designation of a block of buildings named Fort Industry lilock. It is proposed to mark the spot by the erection of a granito monument with a suitable inscription. If the city will give the privilege of the use of the street corner for the purpose it is esti mated the monument can be put in posi tion for ?...ono. Fort Miami, which was first cstab- OI.I FOItT lished as a trading post in lii:0, and oe- i copied for military purposes subs -- j iuently by the Hritish, and abandoned by them after the treaty of 17'.'.", is the oldest of all these historical points. The northeastern ang:e of the work and a portion of each adjoining curtain, to gether with the greater part of the demilune in advance of the northern front, are still in a fairstateof preserva tion. The river front lias been de stroyed. Tlie site is part of the p'at of Manmee City, occupying about five and a ha'f acres. Fart of it is orchard It is estimated that the site can be pur chased for 500, and a S"i,0 i0 monu ment in granite will suffice to mark the location of the fort. Fpon the completion of Fort Industry General Wayne led his army back up the river to the village of tlio Mia mis, and there, on Oct. "J".', a fort having boon completed, fifteen rounds of cannon were lire:! and the fort named Fort Wayne, and s the present city of Fort Wayne. Ind , was begun The fort was lo -ated at the confluence of the St- Joe and St. Mary's Hivers, forming the Manmee on the highest land in the State of Indiana, and this has given the name of "Summit City" to the city now there It overlooks the sceno of Hainiar's de feat in 17!). Wayne then returned to Greenville Ohio., where hn represented the United States in the treaty negotia tions of lT'.C. A considerable part of the site of the old fort belongs to the city of Fort Wayne, the remainder being now occu pied by the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad. Except th" well no trace of the fort now exists, and the part of the site not occupied by the rail road or the city streets is redu. ed to a 3 TOUT WAYNE IN small triang'o which is inclosed by an iron fence. It is proposed to erect with in this triangle a monument similar to those suggested for the other points of interest. The other two points determined upon for commemoration, Fort Meigs and the Fut-in-Iiay burial ground, belong to the period of the war of 1812, when the Manmee Valley became again the scene of military operations The hero of this campaign was Gen. William Henry Har rison, who in February, 1813, erected and established Fort Meigs, ten miles from Fort Industry. While the work was Jn progress two unsuccessful attacks were made by Tecumseh. Gen. Harri son and Tecumseh had first met in arms at the battle of Fallen Timbers, and they met again here, each commanding. Tecumseh is described as "one of the most splendid specimen of his tribe, celebrated for their physical proportions and fine forms tall, athletic and manly dignified, graceful, the beau ideal of an Indian chief." The victory was with Gen. Harrison, and Tecumseh was killed during the war. The outlines and works Of Fort Meigs are near y all preserved,1 nd no plow had been i erraittod to run " - "r ' - : over the graves of the dead. It is em braced in tlio farm of Michael anil Timothy Hayes, who for the twenty years of their ownership have not per mitted any dose ration of the grav..i, of which there are several hundred, almost wholly unmarked. They contan the names of those who were killed in the battle, who died during its occupation, and those who were killed in the attack T11K MAt'MF.K VAM.EV. j on the I'.ritisn batteries at Fort Miam;, across the river. I The area of land necessary to include ; the fort and the graves is about fifty-live j acres, valued at $100 an acre. The j works themselves are in such a good ! state of preservation as to constitute I their own best monument, and it is pro posed only to purchase the land, erect one . large monument in Fort Meigs to cost si o.ooo, and throe others at ."t.00 i oa di to mark the burial places, making a total of .$?f, oi 0. Fort Mc's- was named in honor of (leneral Me gs, but ha selected for the village just east the name ol" IVrryshurg. in commemoration of the hero of the naval victory on I ake Erie. On the loth of September, lSia, Com modore Perry, cemmanding the Ameri can fleet on Lake ! rie, fought the Brit ish near the island of West Sister and captured the entire licet, with all olli lersaudmen, but after a bloody liuht and with much loss of men. He au iiouniedto (ion. Harrison, commanding the Army of the Northwest. -We have met the enemy and they are ours." He buried iiis dead on the Island of l'ut-in liay, now one of the most important ports on Lake Erie. This burial-ground is about sixty foot from the shore of the lake, and in its cent r stands a willow tree, at the foot of which a rough bio -1c of stone is sa d to mark I he exact location of the graves. Some year ago. bv voluntary contribution, a circular enclosure of wooden posts connected by a chain was nut up. out uie posts liave rotted and the en closure is broken, l iit-in 1'av is visit iph TOI.KIlO. every year, and burial ground is the a re condit'on of thi roach a-Ki sia mc to uie i are and get erosity o! the nation for which the dead there bur od fought and gave up their lives. The buria giound is included in an area which was conveyed by Mr J. Do Kivora to tin corporation in trust for the public. Th nature of the conveyance is sm ha;i as-nre the si ot. against ob'itoration, but no steps have been taken to s ecially mark it. It is proposed to inclose it. with an iron chain fence of neat dc-dgi and replace the rough block by a sma! granit ' shaft suitably insorib'd Tin improvement indicated would cos! ahou1 To carry out all these plans of the as soeiation a bill was introduced into the United States Senate by Senator Hior maii calling for an a npropr at ou suf ficient to preserve these old landmark of the early history of the country as indicated above. The total co t would be soo.rioo. Ilecommendations in ace rd with the plans of the as 'nidation have been made to the War Department by Jit I'.rig Gen l'oe, Colonel of En gineers, and favorably indorsed by dig. Gen. Casey. Chief of Engineers. II Was a Wish ISrnte. Mrs. F. W. Bobinson.of New Haven, Conn., has a black spaniel that ab stracted a feather duster from the sitting-room and took it out in the yard to l lay with. During iiis frolic the feathers were all torn out. Mrs. l!ob inson txk the handle away and gave the dog a severe whipping, at the same time showing him the featherless han dle. About an hour afterward the dog walked gravely into the yard with a ' -3i s r- F.AIM.T TIMES. brand-new duster, like the one he had destroyed, in his mouth. He walked up to his mistress and meekly depos ited the new brush at her feet. J!y the mark on it she saw that the dog had stolen it from a neighboring fancy goods store. Toa Late to Swap Him Now. rillpounder Henipotentiary to tho Queen I grieve that your Majesty is not in your accustomed form this morn ing. What your Majesty needs most t is an entire change of air. Victoria Antiqua There is jus) where you're shouting, Doctor ; bu 1 am afraid it is too late now to chat;gi. him. Like Many A not tier Ripeil. Old Hen What are you cackling about, I d like to know ? "Booster That double-yelk ed egg ol ours. (Besumeal C:it-c:it-eut, cut-dah-cut. A CORKKT is sun o. ed lo Imve great j staying qualities, by hundreds of thousands of pci SOUTHEKX SENTIMENT. THE ALLIANCE CAN HOPE FOR NOTHING FROM OLD PARTIES. To Trust the Tricksters Who IIhvo Kil- s hived the IVojite Is Worse Tlian lolly - Tlio Masses Must .Move for Themselves "Hew lo the i.illc." What would he said of that work man who hail been given directions for hewing a sill if lie did not liew to the line? What was the line drawn for if it was not intended that it should be followed V Every man, no unit tor what his occupation or calling;, should have line marked out, a correct lino, aim follow it. For twonly-live years t.ie members of the alliance have been workers under the politicians on par ty lines. Some employed by democrats some bv the republicans, and as the "bosses" have laid oil' their work, like the true workman thev followed the line of duty alwavs at their posts, and al- xvays voted for their party, right or wrong, always to the front as directed by their musters, never flinching, but ready to die as n democrat or reimbli- iii. in order to how lo the line of duty as thev conceived it. For tweiiiv-fivo wars the xixscx have kept them to Hir o but alas the people have seen that in billowing this line they have been led astray: that they have ini; overished their families; their homes have been taken from them: the means of educating their children have been deprived of, and t it mlrctls anil I hoiisn nil.--, ijis, mill ions, are' beggared to-dav by those whc should have "ivon correct lines. should have protected them, should have soon to it that they had shelter, food and raiment. Twenty-five years ago in America there were no tramps, but ln-iimj how is it V Millions of tramps, driven to want and oppres sion, have no homes, no shelter, but are loading a wandering, vagrant life, while thousands of women and chil dren are suffering for food and perish ing, and that too in '" Ann rim. where it is said we make so much that we cannot find a market for it over production. Yet wo are told by those, our former jmiiln-nl hnssrs, and their allies, that the farm r and laborer are shiftless, good-for-nothing sorts of fel lows that to make a country prosper ous the I'tjiii' .liiiiili! hf iiiinh- yioo'o', Hir r'tflt rifh r, that the laws have boon made to protect the few from the f'llrrotirlDiirnt iif tiir imiiiij and should be kept so, that these poor, good-for-(oA ' mi ji llntrs. need no ed ucation, no money, no relief, but should stick to their work, hew to the line, no matter how much wife andlwibies suf fer, should work for their old masters fs a iiihi tlu-ti iifi- tn llnir inn a try, now when tin Inni oO'-o'-imtli i ;; fttriurrs iiui! o.o- rs as they are called by the successful gambler of human labor, after these many years of faithful work for these old parties, have dared to make in tlo'ir society rooms and have formulated petitions setting forth t heir condition and ask ing relief - how have thev been an- sweredV They are told that their de mands are class legislation and uncon stitutional. Thev are told that their meetings are treasonable and their of ficers are scoundrels, that they, the people, have brought all this poverty on themselves by their carelessness and shiftlessiiess. thev are told to let polities alone that their vocation is to make cotton, corn, wheat, to work the mines, to build railroads, to work for their masters, and we, the politicians and allies, will make the laws. They are told that their demands w ill upset the financial and progressive interests of the country, that the only way to do is go back to their old party bosses who are ready and willing and wailing to pitect them and stive them and the country from ruin by continuing the same old line they have been follow ing these many years. Workers are told herein North Carolina to stick to the democratic party if they want to get relief; in Kutisusstick to the repub lican party if you want relief. We wave been sticking lor lo those many years and instead of relief, oppression is our portion, our homes taken from us, our families perishing. Can wo hope to got relief inside of either of these old parties? That's the ques tion. The democratic party says it has not had a chance. Yet when a lull was introduced in our hist legislature for relief of the people it was killed by the committee. When a bill for reduc- j tion of interest in North Carolina was asked for the oh! Imssrs and their al lies fought it nit'l liihil it. (let re lief from the old parties? How ? Never until these old political bosses and their allies, the monied sharks, are kej tout of our legislative halls. We can get our demands only by standing square ly for them there is no ri'Hij' lo iic oh tilinf'l crcpil lliroinjh the imissrs thi)ii.ill-rx. Those we inri'il liisf, trusted most, Imii'iriil biijlirst, have gone back on the people gone hail lo their rioil.-i have- listened to the goldemnot silrrrij song of the op pressor and are afraid to raise their voices for the people Our people need relief and we must have it. You, my brethren, have chosen tho true, tito Ocaln ilrninnls, and it is a duty, a solemn, holy duty to "hew to that line, let the chips fall whore they may.'' Make no conces sions, for you are right. Let those who are irrmiil make them. Close up the ranks my brethren, let elbow touch el bow and let the heart throbs of all be felt in union and lot the cause of one bo the cause of all. ''fnr to the 1'nnr for your homes, for your children, for your liberties. Witsvn. ).Y. Cultu ral Home. The Thiril I 'arty. It is no longer a question of whether or not wo will have a third party in the field next year, but the only question of interest in relation to the new party is what will be its strength, and from whence will it come. The idea that there would be a third party organized at all was pooh ! pooh ed ! ! for a long time by partisans of both parties, they declaring that it was impossible to or ganize a third parly because there was no necessity for one, and no room for one, even if there did exist the neces sity. They have learned, however, that whether the necessity is real or imaginary, it has succeeded in making room for itself to some considerable ex tent and bids fair to require still more room. There is just as certain to be presi dential candidates nominated by the labor party under some name as there is a democratic candidate, and more certain than a republican. Indeed many intelligent labor leaders believe there will be but one party opposing the "peoples" party next year, even predicting that the money power will combine on a single ticket with Cleve land at its head. Such is hardly prob- able, as it would not be politic, as the monopolists wculd lie nmcli more eas ily defeated if they nhould adopt such course than if they pursued tlio usual tactics of dictating the candidates of both parties, then starting the people to fighting over the Mills bill, the Mc Kinley bill, or some other equally un important and never ending question. But now that the new party is nn assured fact, the only question of inter est is from whence will come its strength. The Daniels of the republi can party seem already to have inter preted the handwriting on the wall; but whether they recognize it or not, the republican party has won its last victory. Its stionghold in the great northwest is wrenched from its grasp by those who were once its followers. If it had been the democrats that routed the republicans from their strongholds it might be reasonably sup posed that they would retrieve their fortunes just as soon as the democrats had time to prove that they would do nothing for the relief of the people. l!ut it is to be noted that where the re publicans suffered worst defeat in the election last year it was at the hand of a new i lenient, and in some of those sections, particularly in Kansas, the defeat of the democrats was even more disastrous in proportion, if the deple tion of their ranks ho considered a ; feat to a party that was always ir. the minority. Jn the meantime democrats are hugging themselves with counter feit glee and exclaiming, Oh! the now party won't hurt the democratic p.rty. for all its strength in the south must come from the alliance and the alliau .-e will remain democratic, for four the negro will get out of his place. But the idea of "negro domiuat ion" Las been worn entirely threadbare-. No one lias the least confidence i.: it. T. Ij. ( iantt, w ho has harped more than any living man about "black heels on white necks," now changes front and says that the idea of negro domination is a fake; the farmers work the negroes and will vote them. With the negro question relegated to the background the southern farmer will consider the propriety of seeking redress of griev ances complained of in a new party just as seriously as his western brother. The only question he will ask is which is the shorter road bv which to reach the destination. Alliance men have studied the cause of depression of agri culture and arrived at certain conclu sions, and have discovered what they conceive to be a remedy for the evil complained of, and set forth the rem edy in a platform of principles, and in specific bills for legislation. Hie de mands of the alliance may be briefly stated under the three heads of finance, land and transportation. They de mand that the government adjust the finances by loaning money at a nominal interest on land and farm produce. Will the democratic party in national convention endorse that demand, and make it a part of the democratic plat form? There is not a man so big a fool as to believe it. Will the demo cratic party adopt as a plank in the platform the government ownership of railroads? The question is preposter ous; ( -f course not lung ot tlie sort will be done. These are the two ques tions to be settled first, either one way or the other; and on those questions every alliance man will soon be called upon to decide between his political party and his alliance principles. If he thinks that the democratic party is serving liiiu best it will he his duty to continue in its support, but if on the other hand lie places the principles he professes to maintain above partisan ship he will be absolved from his alleg iance to party. If the democratic party pursues the course that its heretofore leaders de clare that it will, we predict that when the election of ''.'2 cVises the remains of of the democratic party in Georgia will be as small as the republican party in Kansas now is. Ifnriuoini Cruvi i !a. ) .!;. ' 4en. .. Saunders Piatt. The following is a portion of an in terview hold by a Cleveland l'laiit JJinli'r reporter with (ten. A. Saun ders 1'iatt, that shows very plainly how he stands on the people's party plat form : "We have national banks that control the money of the country; railroads that distribute every value produced by labor on a cash basis only, thus ex ercising a taxing power exceeding that of the government; manufacturing es tablishments lifted from the slough of despond and enabled to charge us for their fabrics the full limit of the exac tions of the tariff, placing them co- pial with the government in taxation Following these and made possible by them come combines in the shape of trusts, a cohesion of interests the mag- j nitude of which few jirople conjure- j hind. j "For twenty-six years under these 1 conditions the government has been ostensibly paying off the bonds until the original volume of the national debt has been reduced about one-half. As this debt was paid, private debts have increased in compound propor tion, so that the great national burden instead of being liquidated has as sumed a private form in the shape- of mortgages plastered all over the land, the foreclosure of which means the land itself. Under the foreclosures millionaires in number grow apace, while tenants instead of land owners increase. "Under these conditions I think that the organization of a new party is more essential to the welfare of the people than was tho formation of the republi can party at the opening of the war." "But, general, may not the old par ties accomplish the same end?" "Their leaders are so interested in this corporate authority that they are indisposed to yield a single point to the people and they are seeking every means in their power to hold their old following so as to gain time. There is no way of relief from the present sys tem except to form a new party. Tak ing the masses of the people in either of the organizations they are as honest as a people can be, but the leaders of the parties are not willing, like the Egyptian rulers, to furnish straw to make bricks. "The people must have free coinage of silver w ith a volume of paper money issued directly by the government in sufficient quantity to do their business. They must have the elimination of bank notes from the currency. They must have an end to all watered stock in the railroads whose actual earnings must bo based on the actual cost of construction and operation. They must have all interest reduced to 3 per cent, by law, the same as land earns in its uses. All trusts and combines to fore stall the market must be by law pro hibited. This without affecting indi vidual enterprise and capacity for hon est gain will place all upon an equal footing before the law. "Neither of the old parties will do this. The republican party has brought this whole adverse condition upon us and those in the republican ranks who differ from their fellows, such as Bntterworth, are whipped back into the traces. The democratic party I find, critically following its policy, has loss of the element among them opposed to these reform measures, but they are divided, hence they fail, and the people continue to suffer." Knglainrrt rli of Greeil. If England would demand direct tribute of the people of the United States in one-half the sum her finan ciers impose and exact of the people of this country, there would be a dec laration of war by Uncle Sam within ten days. What is the difference, in effect, from the government doing di rectly what the subjects of that gov ernment do indirectly? Take, for in stance, the Knglish syndicate that paid about $1 2,00(1.0110 for the system of elevators in the great grain districts along the line of the Chicago & North western railway. Having possession of all the grain storage of several states, this trust gave notice this year that they would store no grain for the pro ducers. What is the effect? The pro ducers, in many instances, were not provided with the buildings to store their grain, so that it would not be damaged, and they were compelled to sell. The syndicate having applied j the force that put their products on the market, in spite of the protests or opposing efforts, then provided to pur chase at very low figures. The farmer sold. The trust bought. The farmer lost; the trust profited in the same ra tio. Within one year the producers along that line of railroad have been robbed of enough to pay for this ele vator system by that trust. In corpor ation vernacular, "The company de clared a dividend of 100 per cent." In robber dialect, "The gang swagged twelve millions." Betnrn to the prop osition : If England had exacted and obtained of these American farmers 80, 000,000 bushels of wheat at Sl'2,000,000 less than its value, the United States would have made it a cause to declare war. Upon what ground? That the English government had robbed her people, and that the highest obligation of this government is to protect its cit izens. Whoever should oppose it would be branded as a dastard and de nounced as a coward. But these same people, robbed indirectly to the same amount, come to the government and ask a means of protection from robbery by British subjects, by this government providing adequate means to assure them protection through the sub- treasury for imperishable farm prod ucts, or any other practical way, and every big and little politician in the land' lifts himself on tiptoe to howl, "unconstitutional demand." What is government but an institution framed, organized and administered by the people, through their agents or ser vants, for their protection ? If it does not protect, all taxation is money taken from them under false pretense. If it does not prevent them from being robbed, the contribution made by them for its support is itself robbery. As the government, by refusal to protect, licenses this robbery, it has not only become a robber itself to the extent of allthe taxes it levies, but is particeps criminis in robbery to the extent of all it willfully permits. Montgomery (.1(7.) Hernhl, A Mortgage Debtor the t'lieapest Slave. The interest on a mortgage of three fourths of the value of a farm rarely fails to take all or more than all the profits. The farmer so unfortunate as to have contracted such a debt is his creditor's tenant who after default may be ejected at will ; but he is kept in posossion as long as possible because he is the best possible tenant. He works for his creditors cheaper that work could be had under any other form of servitude. The negroes under slavery -in the southern states cost much more than the Illinois or Kansas farmer costs while working for his owner in the hope of "buying his free dom," Sometime he succeeds. Negroes under the old system frequently bought their freedom from indulgent masters by selling vegetables, fowls and butter, and w ith money paid them for "odd jobs." But generally they did not, anil generally the western farmer fails in buying his. If he has a $2,000 mortgage on a S-1,000 dollar farm ; if it boars 8 per cent, interest w hile his farm w ill not not him .'5 per cent., it is easy to see why lie will have to ask for extension after extension on his debt as it. to understand why the creditor j will nearly always be anxious to grant the extension under which the farmer "works for nothing and boards him self." ,'ej'ic. Knots Aliout Taxes. The Washington I'ost, a republican paper edited by Frauk Hatton, com piles the following facts about taxes which w ill be interesting, if not pleas ant reading for every tax-payer: For the next two years our govern ment will spend annually more than $500,000,000. To pay one year's expenses of the government it will take nearly the combined wheat and oat crop. Our annual output of gold, silver, copper, iron, coal, petroleum and lead will not foot- our tax bill for twelve months. Jsor can we do it with a years pro duct of cotton, wool, rye, barley, wine, potatoes and tobacco. The combined capitalization of our national banks is So'.lc.OOO.OOO. One year's taxes will nearly swallow it up, Now, all this is a federal tax. We have also to pay city, county and state taxes. What is the difference in interest to the people under the present banking system and that proposed bv the sub treasury plan? A direct interest of not less than 8 per cent., an indirect inter est from 8 to GOO tier cent. . Why it is then that the politicians of both political parties favor the pres ent banking svstem? Because under this system the money is kept for the benefit of the bankers and their favorites? Those who speculate on the product of the land, those who speculate on the land, the protected manufacturer, moneyed syndicates the politician and the sub sidized press. Wilson (X C.) Rural Home. About thirty years ago there were eleven millionaires in this city and twenty in the whole country. Among the eleven New Yorkers were only two native born, four Avere Germans, two Scotchmen, two Frenchmen and one Hebrew. To-day we have over 1,000 millionaires in New York and over 9,000 in the United States. But then the number of paupers and one-dollar-a-day men has increased over 12,000,- 000. Aeio lork Evening World, HUMO-L His Tirai IVji .Von -r. The bill of fare wii printed in mixture of English and mongrel French. "Waiter," ho said, after glancing over it, "want to make half a dollar?" "Sutt'nly, sah," answered the waiter. "Is there a good dinner on this bill of fare without going outside of tho straight United States language?" "I reckon so, sah." "Then bring it on. Here's your Jinsh-money. I'm no linguist, and my time is worth $10 an hour, (iet a niova n yon A short study in evolution. Life. A lnrenee. I saw a sign yestorday : "Weather Strips and Screens." This shows that weather has more modesty than some of our societv women. Thev don't screen. Free Press. Two I'rison Dinner. Prison warden The dinner ordered from Delmonieo's has come. Take it to the prisoner w ho killed a man. Assistant All right. Who is bread and water for? Warden That's for the man this who stole a ham. A'eir York Weekly. Won't Go Till Slie llm To. "After being at the Paris Exposition I don't suppose you will care to go to the next orld s i air, Miss Jurneigh ? "Well, no. Even if I was sure there woum tie a tair in the next world 1 am in no special hurry to go there." It Win True. "The same old jokes," snarled the landlady as she overheard the new boarder discussing the spring lamb. "They've one thing in their favor answered the boarder. "What's that?" snapped the land ladv. "Thej are not as old as the lamb," was the -ruel answer. Not a enlllirllt. "My young friend, I am sorrv to note that you are falling into a habit of pro fanity." "H'mh! You me some pretty strong language yourself, qccasionsllv. "So . do," replied the old man, "but I don't waste it." Tl e Law's Majesty in Arizona. Thev are not very rigid as to court formalities down on the l'attlesnake Lode ia Arizona. "I don't see the prisoner," said the County .fudge, as he walked up pre paratory to sentencing a culprit here is lie ; "I'm blessed if I know," Sheriff, looking under the said the benches "Just lent him mv paper of too." fine -cut, "Was he a big red-headed man, with a scar on his cheek? asked the fore man, who was playing stud-horse i oker with the rest of the jury. "That's tho cuss," said the clerk who had been betting on a horse-race with the Prosecuting Attorney. "Why, then," said the foreman, "he csked me to go out and take a drink about an hour ago, but I showed him I had three sixes, and he said, W ell, next time, then, and walked out "The thunder you say!" roared his Honor. "However he's sure to be in town next week to see the dog -fight. and some of you mnst remind the Sheriff to shoot him on sight. The docket is just jammed full of horse stealing cases, and there s no time to waste over a imeaslv homicider. Next case." San Francisco Keictt Letter Live aii'l I earn. Citv Child (in the country) Oh mamma, see those pretty spotted chickens. I shouldn't think people would want to kill such pretty chick ens. Mamma Probably they are kept to lav eggs. Citv Child Of tourse. Thev must be the kind that lay Easter eggs. Street d Smith's Good Xews. Got Through Charging:. South American General (to his sol diers) Now, my brave men, charge once more! Victory will be onrs, and vour country will owe vou an everlast ing debt. Soldiers That's what it's owing us now. W e won t charge any more until we are paid what s already due us. Wouldn't Hear Onotatlon. What an original fellow vour broth er is. Miss Am v. You should have heard his remarks this morning when t he lug conductor stepped on his corn ."What did ho say, Mr. Sample?" O, as I said, thev were original; so I can't quote them." The Amemle Honorable. Auntv (to whom the game of base ball has been explained) I do not quite understand it, yet. Little Boy Why, aunty, it's as plain as the nose on your face. Aunty (who has rather a large nose) You should not use such expressions, mv dear. Little Bor (hastily correcting him self) I mean, auntv, it's as plain as a pikestaff. Street tC Smith's Good Hexes. The I'aron's t nstoin. Inquiring Ladv Do you alwavs drink beer when you are thirsty ? Baron Snickensuts No. ma'am. alvav drinks vater ven I am thirsdv shust the same as you do. "Then when do you drink beer?" "The rest off the dime." Mrs. Anxie Besast is quoted as say ing that theosophy will ultimately bring people to their senses. If that is its purpose and object on earth it seems to have been especially fortunate in gathering unto itself a lot of people who stand deeply in need of its lenen. cent omces. 'e' WHISI 'j IIANG TO YOUR WHEAT. THAT IS THE ADVICE SENT TO THE FARMERS. One 'Iillon Circular Are to He Mailed to the 1'roiliicera or Breadstuff The Plan Is Designed to Irrvent the Speculator orthe Country from Depressing Prices. The Farmers' Alliance folks are great ly interested in tno reports oT small shipments of wheat and increasing prices The Alliance prophets have been predicting a rise in the price of wheat and have been advising farmers to hold their crops as long as possible in order to pet the advantage of the in crease. It has been said that the Alli ance was going to try to make a corner In wheat. This the Alliance leaders deny, but they say they have done their best to inform the farmers of the condi tion of the wheat crops of the world, so that they may know what to calculate on in making their sales Through the reform press bureau," which is located in this city, savs a Washington dis patch, the Alliance leaders are sending out a circular, pre pared some time ago and re- ently adopted tor circulation among tho farmers, which enters into a full discussion of the condition of the crops, predicting an excel enteropln this country and quoting the Indications in crop reports that the foreign crop trill be short and prices high. The recom- menflation to the farmer is that he hold his wheat for the rise in price whenever it is possible for him to do so. Since the 1','th of th s month 40f).(K)0 of these cir culars Lave been sent out to the farmers. Two hundred thousand will be sentoutv during this week, and it is contemplated circulating botie.ooo copies. It is ex pected that the result will be slow ship ment of wheat, to the markets, and that the farmer himself will claim the in creased value of his product, instead of giving the speculators the benefit of the profits. In other wtrds, the farmers will do a little speculating In their own wav. The circular says in part: "Our Agricultural Department issues every month a Government report about the crops. These reports estimate the number of acres sown and give the per centage of condition. A percentage of UK) is a somewhat ideal crop and would Indicate a yield of thirteen bushels and a fraction to the acr.;. It has been sur passed only once namely, in the year 1SS2, when the condition at harvest was 104 and tho yield thirieen and one-half per acre- Our present crop is somewhat similar to the crop of 1SH4, the Govern ment report report making the acreage the same and the condition somewhat less. In 1884, at harvest time, the con dition of winter wheat was reported at 98 and of spring wheat at 99. This year tho ondition of winter wheat is .. :, and that of spring wheat !2.fs or about 3 per cent less than the final report of 1884. As the harvest of lrS4. the largest we ever had. was 512,000,(100 bushels, the last Govern ment report would indicate a crop of 4ti4,ooo,0(: bushels, say 500,000,000 In round numbers. The home consumption has increased with the population and Is certainly over 35n,00.,oi)0 bushels, prob ably 300,000,000, which leaves us 140, 000,000 for export. During the last ten years we exported 127,000,000 yearly In average, of which Europe received 107, (100,000 and the West Indies and South America 20,000,oca This year we may have I3,000,oti0 more to spare, which, however, will go to South America on account of the reciprocity treaties and Europe will receive the average quan tity of about 107,000,(Mo bushels and no more, as we have no reserves to draw upon. "This would make both ends meet there if Europe had aeood averagecrop, but Europe has not a good average crop: in fact, it has the worst crop failure of the century. Last winter was phenom enal all over Europe in its severity and duration. Snow and ice covered Italy and Spain and were actually carried far into Africa. Vessels on the Mediter ranean came into port thickly cov ered with ice, and this abnormal weather worked incalculable dam ago to tho winter wheat in all the countries of the continent. The spring has been late and very un favorable, and even in Juno snow and frost destroyed most of what was left In half of Germany and a great part of Austria. That the crop disaster is not local or moderate or exaggerated can be clearly seen by the action of the differ ent governments. liussia appointed a commission to investigate the crop dam ages, which reported wheat 17 per cent, below average and rye much worse. It is tho custom of that government to quiet the alarm of the people, and the damage, therefore, is surely not less than reported, but probably much more." The circular discusses generally tho condition of the foreign crop and tells tho farmers how to take advantage of the situation to get the full value of their product. "There will be very few, in deed," tho circular suggests, "unwilling to hold off to see what will become of this move, as in view of the situation prices could never bo lower, but even if one-half or more of tho farmers should be persuaded by the arguments of rail road and elevator men to rush their wheat into the market, the result would be the same, for if a considerable nam ber of thoso who arc in the habit of marketing early hold back, in a little while the farmers' deliveries would fall short of the requirements, and the effect would be tho same as If no wheat had been brought in at all. There is, how ever, littlo danger that any considerable number of farmers could be induced to market their product in hot haste at present prices. They all know that the remnants of last year's crop are smaller than ever, and that present prices are entirely out of proportion to the con dition of tho world's crop. No crow that can be raised this year can change the fact that tho world's supply Is im mensely below the requirements. The American farmer is intelligent enough to know that whoever markets his prod ucts late in a year like this receives the best nrlces, and there is really no dan ger that many will show enough sym pathy with the speculator to come to his rescue. " Atchison Gtobules. If wo wore a young woman hired to collect bills, we should not wear a lead pencil in the knot of hair on the back of our head. A mav will deny that your flattery has any effect on him, but he cannot deny that somehow he Is feeling moro satisfied with himself than he was. The worst old tough in town may not know much, but he knows enough to clap you on the shoulder, and call you by your first name, when you are in geol company, and are trying to pretend that you don't know him. A max who is rapidly growing stout asked a woman who had had experience, to tell him what he must avoid eating "Everything you like," tho woman promptly responded. Wires a man is told these days that a lady wants to see him, he does not im agine any very important, or secret, or romantic business. lie knows right away it is a girl with a bilk A chckcit worker's idea of a popnla . girl is one who will attend all the church socials, and act so nice that the young men will spend all their money treating her to church i"c cream-'