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Jl liAMM TT? TED 9 WMM, volumi: I. MUMl'IIIS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY AUGUST 20, 185)1. NUMHEK 9 TIIEIU GLORY HAS GONE TWO HISTORIC MANSIONS NOW IN DECAY. Ifomos at (lie "uti.n:U CVpltal Ihil Ones Wore tho Center ul Smlal Attraction anil tha Scenes r li:iy iv :1 I'ril ia t Ciallicriiirs. 'IEUK are two or Ithrce historic ob nTJjccts of interest in wusii llgtoll, J). ... t tint tourists rarely ht, rays the Chica go llcraUI. The army of .-i.ght soots, tin; t.oop of brides and t h c count ess c,..c:;rs:ons which al most daily invaJo t h e cijiifc,: miss tiKiny must curious things because either tie y J not know of tlsiiir existence or don't know where to find them. YVhe:i people ;:re t'ro I of looking at tho great apito with its wealth of marble: at the Treasury ami its treasures': at the treat monument: at the many beaut cs of tho White If uuso. nr.d the myriad of i thcro! ects which the guide o'ks lay down th-y would linJ an ah orbing hit 'rest In a lsit to the dilapidated landmarks of the old-time wealth u;,d exc usivcuess of early Washington. Thctc arc twy of these that are cn leuoiis allUc from t!)eir former grandeur and old associa tions &:ul from their present decadence and wreckas'V "1 hiihltnirto-i lla.l" i one of the-e; "Vaiiiiess Manor" is the oth t. Noludy ought t visit Washlu ; ton without Seeing both these wr.vks of forgotten social sti pretnti- y, and before seeing them their htMorv shou'd Iv cine fully read. It is full of intern t. When Washington Jelceted the . !t of the city that was to bear his name, he found that two men ownoil th grca-t bulk of the acreage- One was Tanli;! Carroll, a member of the Carroll fatnily of Maryland, and thu other was old lavy burns, an l'.Hteiate and oont"U- nrr. s. 6( t.VC OK H.T) iAVV'r ylMHllia wi?iiivTn. tloiis dM th.-se men i-otohmun I'rt'tween them Owned nearly l..V ueres of the cry choicest part of Hie Fite Selected for the new city. Their two farms ad joined. Carroll owned th" jrromid on whieh tl;.; Capitol now stands and all that portion of what is known as Capi tol Hill. Old Pavy urues owned a'l a'l that thi; Whit- Uou; ami Treasury oc- upy and f that masnltic-nt section 6f the city whl h is How t!M. fashionahle resideti' i; ijuart'-i'. Ills farm took hi all the area that H at this time the most fashionable In Washington. Paniel ( arroll was a ceutleiuaii as the term implied in !h;e days, lb-was edu cated ami was a very intelHaent mau Ile fiiilelily catue to terms with Wash ington and the conimlsi-mers for the sale of Ms property. old Pavy Hums wa ju-t the reverse,. He was ignorant, opinionated, cantankerous, and njorbldly susplciotis Of Ueneral Woslilugtoi'i (nd his int-ntloUJi. He. first would not ?ell at any prb-rt. He 6nd W'ashJnptori had many a sbruty s-: tn whnh it 1 feared that tho l alhef Of Hl Country wa- iuore thnn Oii'-T m ivvd to whl to heated profnnlty. in fai t,, tin- (vo never did cttne lo terms. line day, a history has in the Ociiernl and old pAvv Aat t:n dr a fl.-iii'i o tn es In front of o'd l'avy's rasnslia Vie eettaio., an 1 fn the midst of their discussion Wa -hinittou dropped iome remark which Indicated that he fell tlio humiliation of having to dicker with a soc'al inferior, when old Havy bristled up ami in the broadest Scotch replied: "Tut, tuon, vc need na carry yersel so hlifh If ye hail na mar ried the Widow distil, where won d ye bo now yer-e.'?" Appalled at old Da'.y's impudence and angered beyond the power oT s pooch, Washington stalked olT the premises and would never speak to the old Scotchman again, lie turned over the neaotiations to the oiniiiissionors, who in time brought old Davy to terms, th-.s same as OLD "DAVY" BUKNS' COTTAGE. accepted by Carroll. The two farms vrro to be taken possess'on of, streets and avenues were, to be cut through, and Ifco Government was to take whatever It wished for reservations, sites for public bu'ldings, etc. Of the remainins ground fo'nK on tho streets nnct avcni the Government and Carroll and Hums wero to divide, each private proprietor to take cverj alternate lot on his own holding. I'or that portion of tho two farms re served for public uses Uurns and Carroll were to receive 25 per acre, Maryland money, which was then eipiiva'cnt to $60.66 per aero. J ' IZTl i il n if I f n gtrxtvi tu wy---v "flio little hut where old man Thirds lived when lie cultivated the present t-ito of the White House and tlio Treas ury, the .State, War and Xnvy Depart ments, the Corcoran Art tiallory, the Department of Justice, Lafayette S jua:e, the home of ltlalne, the Arling ton, tho Kbbltt, WillardV. fin Khorc hain. nil of magnificent Connecticut avenue, und the whole not thwest sec tion, now selling for ?0 a square focrt. Is fffifi IIIK OI.Ii VANNKrtS S-TAllI.r. still standing and is one of the genuine j supi,osa,,l ftlarrutng symptoms prove, utvr-iiics of Washington. It is at the ! upon investigation, lo bo either ptr foot o Seventeenth "street, scarce 4 j fectly natural ocenrreneos r of veiy stone's throw from tho Croat Slate, War slight Jmrortance. and Navy I e; artment, and directly j J'at and drink what von deslro. as opposite tle. "Whit" l ot." south of the ; u into tr; buildings are wrecks, but the sreatof Interest ftttaelii-s to old Iavy"s cabin, biH'anse vi'tity years ago the faithful Mareia would n it allow it to be torn down when her husband, made rich by her dowry, buiit on the ealne ground tho grandest mansion th.'U known In Wash ington outside the White, House. StraiiKe to say. oil Davy's ( abin still exists, while the pieater mansion fs raphlly disiiitegratim:. After old J'avy Ifurns had made this baritaln with tle Government he knew that ei iitnally he wouid b" rieh. lie was a widower and had fbi on! y child. Mareia, lb" sent her over to Jialtimore to W el(i cattl and trained. !?ho crw to woman liooil about tl! t'me .b ffi'tson was Serv ing Ms second term. jh: wa? aceonj jili'lied lo the fa-lilon of the day and (evoti.il to her fat4MT. Wleti fhe re t timed to Washington s'he oiafc. fiO ob jection tv livlns with the old man hi iti-. homo Cabin. Fultors came aa'ore, bi -caue It wa known that she wa to be t!i; richest woman of tho section. It would b'; oulto laughable now it could aet the nanio- of a !o: jr roll of I even then distinguished young men who used to Invade tlie famous old cabin ami exert all arts to placate the surly and impolite (Scotchman. They would brinsr tra ions of "Mi'ntH'bouyh' ft popular drink la th?e days - and pit the old man to bed tin It, each one ftrivinr (jvau wnlle for but ow moment with the beau tiful daughter. It linally can- to tl- luck erf (Vihwl John 1'. Vauhess. o member Of Confrr-: NVw York, a youni ' ajid a Kni' ker- i booker, a feentleman of line qualities but a notorious fortune hunter, to carry olf the prize. Wlton he was sb?T old bavy w-ould fun everybody OlT the promise? but Vanness Him h- liked beeau' Ii; was a rollicking kind of a chap, who in a mock way made fun of the then politi cal leaders, whom JaVv hatd. J he rc-?u-t was that r.lonel Vanness ami Mar fla were married, and, With fine retford for his father-ln-iaw and with eyes vijo ojien to the immediato future, ivent to live in the little old cottage. Cue can Tanh at the self abnegation of the for tune-hunter when he looks to-day at the j rooms and the rof whieh she'tered the ! coui ty Vaniiess and his humble bride, j The old buildliiv has hut little chanired, except from the work of time. It had four rooms two N.dow and two above. ' They are still there, line of the rooms on the tower Moor, which was old Davy's bedroom, is now tic- home of th most ferocious bulldog that mortal eye ever rested upon. Even the negro In charge 1 of the premises wi 1 lo no mote than Open the main door on a crack and aive the visitor a peep at the cold, malicious eye of old Uavy s successor in possession. Just after the P.rltlsh destroyed Wash ington In lsl l od pavy died, and true to his promise he left Mareia the richest woman iu lrjjinia or Maryland. Colonel Valines-;, heaving a Rroat sli?h of relief, abandoned the old cottage, and with the help of I.atrolx the early architect of the apitol, beican the constru tion of a mansion common mate with his Knick erbocker tastos and Mania's vast. Wealth,. rid Pavy was out of tho way. "Now let us take oijr prop-T position, suggested Colonel Vanm ss to hts be loved Mareia. They did. Colonel Vatme.-s proceeded to build the om e splendid mansion which to-day overshadows the old lturns cottage. He took 40,u0 square foot of KFOunri. and inel-ised !t by a brick wall. Then he built, not more than twenty feet away from the old cottage where lie had spent his honeymoon, a house that cost S1."0,00o an enormous sum In those days for a mansion. It was built upon the colonial Ides. j here was a grand Southern balcony in the reir and a ponderous iiortcuchrrr in front through which carriages came and went. Thfl portals of the grand homestead -(vore solid structures in themselves. Every bniMinjf mansion, stable, ice house, and the portal houses wa built of stone and stu;cocd. Broad a-euues led to tho mansion, and they arc there yet, though lloils.1 11 Is OUT ol Hie Course 01 ! stomach knows nrotfr well whnt If ran ivel, and is completely swallowed up j fli.-osf, ph.ln simt,l fo,H ,lci,-nldrt in iw, t.eKiecica panv ana tuo ijc.rui j ft! gwCra tl,inp. but tlio luxuries of dl.apidatioti of tho greater mansion t ji,. Ln, ,,1Xi.i; ,..,it , lull !n honor of 1,1s datiBhtor. lioth ! Lo. tn''1 hl " rw 'I - ' i i Tin: old eonTr.irs ijiiok., ' much disfigured by weeds anil under brush. For rears the Vatrness mansion and grounds have bocu giveu over to negroes. In summer they use the ground for pic nic purposes, and two or three families oecupy the basement rooms of tho old house. Two Or throe old t?care-crow horses occupy the onoo recral stables. I and a small herd of dirty coats dance on the roof of the old Ice-house. Never was the work of time So pitiably re vealed. HOW TO KEEP HEALTH. Ilon't Worry About I'isuo That You Io Not Have. no of tho hest ways to keep in gooil health is not tj think or worrv too niueh about it. Jf you foci etronp aid well, don't imagine that porno in.-iidions ili-ease may be secretly attacking your constitution. Many people are "liko the inexperienced traveler who anx iously inquired about tho symptoms of seasickness, and how he should know when lie had it. Ono frenernllv bows when he is sick, and frequently many long as jt agrees tvjth you. Tour hatm I Alcdione bevernffos aru sot fit for habitual tiso. Thov are true medi cines, and should only bo used like any other inedieine3 - under advice of a physician. As a regnjur beverage they can do no good, but will almost oii tainly do harm. Take all the sleep you can get. but remember that tho necessary amount varies greatly for different persons, b'ome must sleep at least nine hours, whij others thrive under six. Only don't rob yourself of what you really need". The "midnight oil" is a terribly expensive illttminant to burn either for purpost of. lalfor or study. Always trefflt a enmmon "cold with great respect, N'inety-nino times out of a hundred it r-iil get well anyway, but the hundredth eold, if ftcgleeloJ, may lead to bronchitis, pneumoniu or consumption. It Is best to take no such chances. If you are &ik cuough fo need any medicine at all, beyond the simple rem edies familiar to" all, you are fiick enough to need tho attendance oi a physician. 5y all means tako as much exercise as you can, and bo in the open air fis much as possible. Outdoor life U the natural condition of mankiud, ftnd the more one can have it the bettor. l'rtsh air, sunlight, good and suffi cient food, pure water, outdoor exer cise, tempcwinec ia nil thincs, and a cheerful disposition, are the cuief ?em edies in nature's dispensatory, and are; worth more than all the clrugs and niexlicinea of tho shops. Dr. Holmes Las truly said that if nine-tenths of all medicines, patent, proprietary and otherwise, in tho world were tJoured into the oeoftn, it would be all the bet ter for mankind and all tho worse for tl fishes: and the best physician can do little without good nursing, and thus aid nature hi throwing off dis ease. Monthly liullclin. llcre s a Moilol Ilport. Wlien Charles Francis Adams took 1 IF! 1 v liiiKu oi i o - uiun i acme no maae th ftnnouncemeut that he could take any Harvard graduate ami educate him into as good a railroad oflieial as was required in from six loonths to a year. Mr. Adams not only enid it but he tiled it. He loaded tho Vnton Pa cdU.' with Harvard men IneVorv branch Of work, including the mo.it important positions. It seems, however, that t!e educational qualilieation.-j uf the train service department had not been a carefully looked after as thev im'ght have ben. The followitK' report of an acc-uiem was maae a lew unvs ago lv a I tjioa J'acific engineer: "Thar was a calf o.i track & tran was funning a bout 4" miles per ha; when I first w it as tran ronxled eurvii aplied air to tram fi: rothuced sjecd. o (i bout 20 miles per hour be for eng ino hit calf could not bring tran to fnl Up bo for engine hit calf V thru it of track A: ft it fell from engine it hit a lioy standen by fid of track & knocked boy thru wiro fence." The boy was not seriously hurt. Tho calf w-as killed and the wire fenoo was wrecked. I touting ::irlcns ftf C.wlOiiero. The thousands of floating gardens oa the rivers of Cashmere are formed by lou sedgas wjiich are woveli buret hot in the form of a gigantic mot. Those sedge grasses, Hags, pUlks, Klips, etc., are woven on the river or lake bunks while their roots are still growing in the slime ondertwath; ihe roipitre! anitmnt of earth is then fnipoaimposod njxjn the In it; tho -stalks are hen cut and tho mat aid its load is a full fledged "floating garden.'' Tlvey are usually about twenty by fifty yards in extent, f eldom larger, the full depth of the mat and ito earthy covering being about three foot. A dishonest Cashmiri will ramctiuica tow his neighbor's) garden away from its moo.ings and Roil the produce of the other's toil. Tho writer has fre (ueutly s.ecu one Of tho largest of these miniature gardenn being towed by two men in a row-loat which hardly looked larger than one of tho luscious melons serenely reposing on tho float ing truck farm. A Ulaek Iloaiity. An amusing story is told of a well known HriHsian woman who went re cently to enjoy the sulphur baths at Tillis. On a particular morning tho countess entered, a? usual, ono of the bathrooms. The water had hardly touched her body, however, when, to her horror, she began to turn black. fShe was so frightened at tho trans formation that, upon seeing her re flection in the mirror, she fainted. The attendant, who was us greatly startled as her mistress, cried for help. The explanation was rfmplo enough. It was found that tho countess was ac customed to paint her face, hands, arms and nock daily w ith a substance containing zina On this fatal day the foor woman had neglected to remove he beautifying coat. The zinc com bined with the sulphur and natrium of the water and quickly made au Afiican belie out of tho white-skinned bather. A considerable lime passed ere the un fortunate woman resumed her nstural appearance. Which is the best plan of conver sationthe masenline way of each man talking about himself or the feminine way of both women talking about some other woiaa. Is & flirtation each party to it think ho is fooling the other. ALLIANCE PUIXCmES. '."HE SUB-THEASURY PLAN FIRST ON THE LIST. I'rcrjr Ollwr Ieui:inl nlil Me-t Smut Opposition ly the Money lowor Alli ance IMity Is straight AlieaU. The gvent hue and crv raised against the sub-treasury demand by the press of both political party leaders, is only one step in the opposition which we are to meet with in the discussion of all of our demands. The argument that it is "undemocratic" and "uneon stitutional" will be urged with eipial force against every one of the Ocala demands. Jf we can be forced to aban don the sub-treasury the same lash will be applied to us until every other demand is abandoned, no matter how reasonable it may be. We can assure our readers that neither of tho politi cal partv loaders will take up anv question without the approval of Wall street, Now York, and Wall street will oppose any measure not endorsed by liombard street, London, and both party loaders have stood on both sides of nearlyall important issues, and can prove themselves right by the record upon either side. We have no more respect for a lie ono thousand years old than ono told yesterday. We demand the abolition of the national banks, and although it is ti good democratic principle, it is contrary to the policy of cither democratic or republican loaders because Wall street is opposed to it. Hofore the money ring got control of lie democratic partv .lelVorson said in 17MS: "I believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies. Already they have raised up a moneyed aristocracy that has set the government at deti ance. The issuing power should be taken from the banks and restored to the government and the people to whom it properly belongs." Nearly forty years afterwards, when Jackson had vetoed the national bank bill, after the country had tried the experiment of permitting a private corporation to control the money of the country, Jackson sail: "Thirty mil lions of dollars in the hands of an irre sponsible bunking corporation, is a dangerous menace to a free govern ment." This was old-lime democracy, before the party went over to the money riugs. Since the democratic platform of 1SC.8. which was rejected by Wall street, no word has appeared in anv of the democratic platforms against the national bank. All of Mr. ('b veland's messages are silent upon that subject. Senator Hayavd, of elawaio. who was secretary of state under Cleveland, said in a speech in 10: '! have seen it charged that the democratic party is opposed to national banks, but I am at a loss to know the authority for this. The platform of the party contains no such suggestion and admits of no such construction, and it is very certain that for the second place on our ticket we have named Mr. William H. English, of Indiana, one of the ablest liuanciers ami best business men in the whole country, whose management of the affairs of a national bank of which he was president was conspicuous for its success. This disposes of this charge at least." Senator llayard was then bidding for the support of the money ring and Wall street, but he was too late. Cinr lield had already secured that support. In 1SS5, Senator Heck, of Kentucky, a distinguished democrat, in a speech in the United States senate said: 'T de sire to state, with great distinctness, that 1 am not making war upon bond holders, national banks or bankers. I voted to renew their charters, to re peal all taxes on their capital, and do osits, and will cheerfully vote for any and all measures necessary to add to their usefulness, either by increasing their circulation to par with the bonds deposited, or if it can be don" with jus tice, to their competitors in business, repeal all tax on their circulation." We might go on lndi linitely and show that none have proved better friends to tho national banks than the democratic leaders, and that Wall street has ever found in the leaders of both parties ready tools to do tlieir bidding. So it is with the silver question. We de mand the free coinage of silver. This is essentially a democratic measure, and free coinage existed from 17'. to lST.'S. even when silver was found to be worth less than gold. In the dem ocratic party took the position that silver was the people's money, and the standard, based upon the old Span ish milled dollar, which had always remained n legal tender and was tho only foreign coin so honored. This was opposed by the wings, who rep resented the aristocrat ic national bank element, and the result was that con gress took six per cent, out of the gold coin of that time in order to establish a parity between the two metals. No one knew that silver was demon etized iu who -would acknowledge it. The crime was perpetrated in se cret at a time when the silver in the sil ver dollar was worth more than the gold in the gold dollar. The silver in the silver dollar has never changed from 1711'i to lH'.tl ; it has remained at :t71 j grains, the same as the old Span ish milled dollar. To prove that this crime was un known, it is only necessary to quote from the speeches of some of the mem bers of that day. Mr. Kelly, of I'euu sylvauia, in a speech delivered May PI, 187'.). said: "1 was chairman of tho committee that reported the original bill, ami I aver on my honor that I did not know the fact that it proposed to drop the standard dollar aud I did not learn that it had done it for eigh teen months after the passage of the substitute otlered by Mr. Hooper, when I disputed the fact." Mr. Hol man, the veteran legislator of Indiana, on July 12, 187i, said: "1 have before me the records of the proceedings of this house on the passage of that meas ure, a record which no man can read without being convinced that tho meas ure and the method of its passage through this house was a colossal swin dle." And last year twenty-nine dem ocratic state conventions put a demand for free coinage of silver in their state platforms, and tho democratic press of the country generally advocated it un til Mr. Cleveland wrote his letter against it, at a time when the passage of.ii bill for tho free coinage of silver seemed probable. There was another measure pending about the same time, a measure that all democrats feared and republicans hoped might be come a law ; one that was fraught with untold evils for the en tire country; a measure that caused a dark cloud to hang like a funeral pall over every southern home, and threat ened the very existence of our civil in stitutions ; a nicaaure that would have darkened many a home, ruined south ern enterprise, hopelessly divided tho people, and have placed tho republican party in power for all time; yet with all these evils imminent we never heard a word from this Wall street magnate. This brave statesman, CI rover Cleve land, was as dumb as an oyster. I5ut no sooner was the silver bill likely to become a law than this pseudo states man rushed into print to defeat it, and the result was that the democratic press of the land began to eulogize him as a statesman greater Hsan his party, and with a subserviency born of treason to democratic principles, and nurtured in a cowardly fear of the aristocrats who rule the country to day, this same press began to crawfish on the silver question, or suddenly dis covered that silver was not an issue. Wo demand the abolition of alien ownership jit land. We have not a doubt of Wdemand being good de mocracy, but the democratic party has been as dumb upon this measure as (1 rover (Tevolaud was upon the force, bill, and the democrat ic loaders will not know how they stand on the de mand until they hear from Wall street. They were once in favor of preserving the public domain for actual settlers. Hut it is a matter that should not be made a party question, for all are alike interested in its solution, although Hie people can have but little to hope for from the republican party, as under that party's management of the gov ernment they have permitted foreign syndicates, composed of men who never saw our flag except in a foreign port, to accumulate more of our public do main than there is in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and France, and yet under the law an American can only buy PIG acres. What we demand is only what every other civilized power insists upon, ami that is, that no man shall own land under our flag until he swear allegiance to that flag. This is the rule in all other nations, and one that we demand shall obtain in this. We demand government control or ownership of railroads. This is demo cratic. The present inter-state com merce law is of democratic origin, al though it is not a democratic measure, lteagan. of Texas, the author of the original bill, by his persistent efforts, scoured the passage of a bill through the house several times, but each time it was defeated in the senate. Hut public opinion had been educated up to a point where it demanded relief from the railroad exactions, and when the bill was before the house the last time if was met bv the senate substi tute prepared by Cullom. of Illinois, a railroad attorney who represented the railroad interests iu the United States senate. This measure became a law without the support of Mr. Itcagan. then a member of the house, for the reason that the bill had been shorn of its most effective features, and it is now almost universally admitted that it does not meet the case it was in tended for. and experience proves that it is well nigh impossible to control hem. Our lirs desire is to control them by law if possible, but failing in that we wi'l demand the national ownership. In other words, we do not propose to lie controlled by the rail roads, lhdli state legislatures and the national congress have been powerless to control them, and if after a few more trials it is proved that we cannot control them by either state or national authority, then we will try more radi cal measures. And it will be no ex periment. Other governments have and do own their transportation lines and it works well, and a commission should be appointed by the next con gress to fully investigate those sys tems and report on the condition of these roads, so that the people can judge whether thev want the owner ship of them or not. If the statement is true that Australia owns her roads and carries passengers 1(10 miles for ." cents, and transports freight on the same rate, at a profit, then it is worth looking into. We all know that we are at the mercy of the railroads gen erally and are paying a fearful interest on their watered stock. The people must have relief from these burdens soon or 1tfcj railroads will own the country, anil ot the two evils we pre fer to control or own the railroads rather than have them control or own the count rv.- n.h r ''( T run. ) Tuilfr. Yltom l-'rom rrotiililtlou Heuilijttui-tcrH The prohibition partv did not send a single, delegate, and it did not make a single request of the conference, either directlv or indirectly. It would seem, therefore that we might look upou it as upon anv other political gathering and judge it from the same standpoint as that from which we should judge any old partv convention. So it might seem, anil yet we confess we are unable to do this. Despite the facts we have stated, prohibitionists looked and still look upon tue confer once with a sympathetic feeling such us docs not exist toward old parties. Its action in rejecting tumultnously the prohibition resolutions offered, ex citss no resentment from us, for we were asking nothing and expecting nothing. Our sympathies were not aroused by any expectations of this kind, and consequently are not alien ated bv anv disappoiument. Hut the movement is a revolt against old parties, and so is our movement a rt volt. They have repudiated both old parties as unfit to rule and as bevond all hope of adequate reformation. We clasp hands with them there. Our in dignation is mutual and directed at the same political foes, though aroused by different reasons. Moreover, we be lieve that the manifest destiny of tho new movement is to clear the way for the party of the future, with prohibi tion as its central issue, even as the Know-Nothing movement cleared the way for the republican party, with its anti-slavcrv issue. In a vorv real senso we look upon this new movement as our ally, whether it intends to be or not, whether it declares for or against us. Xnv York Cooc The most detestable paupers are they who live by the sweat of other men's faces. The worst harlots are not they who sell their bodies for bread, but they who with prayerbook in their hands sell their son Is for jewels and gold and harden their hearts in pride and show. The worst thieves are they who rob iu the name of the law and legal right, by charter and public franchise. The worst gamblers are they who speculate in the surface of God's earth, bedding it against the necessities of their fellow men. The worst brutes are the masters of (Tailo nn.1 rroiniifnntrirf. ivlio rob ehiM- hood of its happy hours, nnd by the weary grind of youth and old age alike. increase the wealth wherewith they may enjoy tho world's good, and by munificent gifts to church and school purchase public favor and heavenly bliss. St. Paul Stale. AN ILLUSTRATION. How tlio I'iotl Vote tn Kol Themselves ami Kiirlrli the Money KfngH. We often hear the remark that "a dollar will buy more provisions now than it ever would," and as a conse quence the farmers and laborers aro in a better condition than ever. The trouble is not so much in the prices paid for goods as it is in the inability of the farmer to pay his debts con tracted when money was plenty. To illustrate this question let us suppose that a banker holding a $500 mortgage against a farmer goes out to collect his annual interest. The conversation would be about as follows : 15. Ir. Farmer I have called to-day to collect my yearly interest. It is due in ten days and I must have it so I can forward it to New York. . (Looking downcast as he thinks of the grocery bill past due, and tho winter clothing to purchase for tho comfort of the family.) Yes, yes, how much is it V H. How much is it? Why forty dol lars, of course. I'.ight per cent, on !"00 and you will also add 25c. to pay express charges, on portion sent to New Y'ork. F. Hut $10 will buy you twice as much victuals as that sum did when that mortgage was given, there fore -- H. (Startling.) What! F. And, therefore, I say, you ought to lake less; and I 15. What! take less! Hob us of our interest? Would you have the nation al credit impaired, and ruin our stand ing in foreign countries? Yon are an anarchist and communist, and I must see Mr. Pinkerton. F. No, not Hut I do not propose any robbery, my dear sir. 11. Hut it is robbery to refuse to pay the full amount of my debt. F. Please be reasonable, I mean to act justly by you. Hut one dollar now is worth as much as two were when that mortgage was given. H. That won't do, Mr. Hayseed, so hustle out that forty. F. Hut, I repeat, yon can buy twice as much for a dollar now as you could when the debt was made. P. W..11 -in,! ii-lint in tlmt to von? want mv interest and mv interest I will have. I w ant nothing more than mv lawful interest; here it is in the mortgage. 1 . A few vears ago I could pay that with twentv bushels of wheat; now I must sell iiftv bushels of wheat to pay it. Jt. I know nothing altout bushels of wheat; all I know is dollars, and I want, my money. ! Hut our labor and our products aud our lauds are lowered in price, and it can't be fair for your wages and in come to stay up to the full amount, and compel us to pay it. Jt. 1 see you ure an anarchist, and 1 must report you to the l'iukertons. (Enter the farmer's wife, weeping). Farmer's Wife Mr. Hanker, don't have the Finkertons here. My husband will pay you all he has got. We have lived as carefully as we can, and 1 have seldom had so much as a calico dress, and we have not been able to fix the children for school. The farm products sell .so cheap, that, with my egg money and all, wo can't pay all the demands against us. H. Not pay! Not pay! F. I can't pay without money, and I have sold all my crop, and everything I could spare. It. What a lie! isn't that your team standing yonder? F. Hut if I sell my team how can I make a living for my family? 15. What have I to do with youi family? Here is my mortgage all legally signed up, und I want my money. F. Hut if I were to sell my team I could not get what it cost me a few years ago. H. That is nothing to me. I did not make the laws that took the money out of circulation, and make prices so low. F. Who did make those laws? 15. Y'ou ought to know. You helped to elect the men that did. They were the nominees of the political parties. I know how they got nominated, but you did the voting. F. (Getting his eyes open) Well I'll be- .--O'O'foM. (In.) In- dltstr 'iitl Ann rh tm. ( heap Monev. Senator 1'effcr declared iu a recent speech in New York that the farnier. demanded cheap money, since which time the proposition has met with o storm of ridicule and abuse from tin partisan press. The animus of this at tack should not be misunderstood oi its effects underestimated. Itidicule i often moiv potent than argument, and is usually resorted to when argument fails. The true meaning of the term "cheap money" has been purposely misapplied in order to deceive oud con fuse. Senator Peffor did not allude tc neither does the alliance demand "cheap money" in the sense in which it might be applied to the politicians or editors who are seeking to force thi misconception upon tho people. Fat from it ; the demand is for the best kind of money instead of the poorest, as is alleged. The alliance asks for the only money possible that has a basis beyond a doubt as to its complete responsibility and sulliciincy. There is a wide difference between cheap money and inferior money. The first is money for the people's use without the present extortionate cost, while the second is depreciated, unstable, ami worthless. It is not a cheap quality in money that is demanded, but monej that it will not require so much of the products of labor to obtain. The alli ance demand an increase in the amount of good money in circulation in ordei to bring about this result, well Know ing that an increase of poor, worthiest currency will have an opposite effect. Those who are crying out "cheap mon ey" know full well the tme situatioc but their purposes are better served bj misrepresenting the facts and thereby misleading and befogging the people, WiD'hinijIon (. t.) i:tt'crn -Hurt me. , Miss Wanamaker, who recently sailed for Europe with her mother, w as presented at court in a l'ansian gowr of fabulous elegance, ordered by cable. Assoriatfil Press. Seven thousam young laboring girls in a single yeai are made insane in New Y'ork because of insufficient food and clothing. ! Stale Board of Llinaril Report. Tll wealth of the millionaire and the pov erty of the pauper are the creations o legislation. And yet the fawning tool.' of wealthy syndicates tell the farmen to attend" to' their farming and dairj interests and not dabble in politics. Bolivar X. Y.) Alliance Leader. HUMOli OF THE WEEK. STORIES TOLD BY FUNNY MEN OF THE PRESS. Muny O.M, Curious nnd auRhalU riinsos or Human Nature Oraphlrally s? I'ortrayoil hy Eminent Wonl Artitls oi Our Uwn l?ay. I'apa rolleil. Maud Charley and I are the I uckiest people. Y'ou know, papa doesn't liko Charley, so to keep him away from the house ho bought a big mastiff that ho turns loose in the yard every night. 1 Amy Oh, isn't that dreadful! "Not a bit ! It's t-implv lovely '." "liutldon't " "Why, yon silly darling, Charley owned that dog wten it was a puppy, and only sold it bis weeks ago!" Bos ton New. Of Course Not. f Mrs. Newma Oh, I wish you could foe Mrs. Winkler's baby. It's perfect ly lovely! Such a delicate, sweet lit tle cherub, with the loveliest eyes, the sweetest little mouth, tho cunningest littlo noso, and eyes of hoavonly blue. It looks as if it had just dropped from heaven and every tiny feature had been fashioned by'the angels." Mr. Newma Is it as nice as our babv? Mrs. Newma Mercy! no, not half. Yankee Blade. Moillcat Critics. rr. Snolall "Whut I kain't undcr btand about dose yere doctors is, w hut's de use ob deso yere liost-nitv tern 'zain inatious. Whut does vo fink ob dem, Fph?" Mr. Lilywhitc " Tears to me dey must be fools. Doy might know it wouldn't be no ute to cut a pusron up arter he's dead. Dey nebber euro him deu." Muiidcs Uickly. An I'liTail II Color. Papa "I wonder w hat will bo the most durable color to paint our house?" Maude "lied, papa, red every time." "Why do you think so?" "Look at old Soaker's nose ! It nevox fades, but grows redder every year." llarrisburg Telegram. ' Hill Never Item Told So Before. Convict Excuse me, raa'am; von dropped your handkerchief. Lady visitor Thank you; you arc very good. Convict (eagerly) Say, ma'am, you couldn't manage to persuade tho Gov' nor of that, somehow, could ycr? Somcrviile Journal. Adapted to tlio Ioslt'an. Jinks How did it happen that O'Reilly was forecd to go on the har bor police? Filkins They thought he'd 1. use ful in nVhing out suicides. Yon soo, he's a Cork man. Xevo York Herald. At IIiin-r. I'ov. Prolix I thought you toM me, Mrs. Prolix, that we wore going to have fresh eggs for dinner. Mrs. P. They were fresh when I told you, but you must remember you Jiave given us ono of your usual ser rujus since. Yonken Gazette. UN I'suitl I'rnrticn. Cleverton I am thinking seriously of opening an account w ith I'ascot, the furnisher. Does ho mail his bills on the first, or does ho send around a col lector? Dashaway lie usually sends around a lawyer. Clothier and Furnisher. Time t Stop FooIIn;. Dr. Gruff (to fashionable patient) It's merely the same old ailment, my dear madam. Mrs. Stylo Oh, no, Doctor, I really am ill now. Dr. Gruff H'm! If that really is no. I'll have to change tho w hole course of treatment. Frank Leslie's Illus trated Xciespajier. l'lios. "There aro no flies on mo," said the boarding house steak. "No," replied tho boarding house butter, "flies would starve to death while they were trying to get their teeth through you." "Itut look at tho flies on you !" retort ed the steak. "Why don't you run away from them? lvm sure you aro strong enough. Brookbjn Eagle." Ills Chief Attraction. Harry Why did you shave off your mustache? Will I fouud my best girl was get ting too expensive, and havo taken this method of having her give mo tho shako." Brooklyn Eayle. Just Like O.io ot ttio Toroo. Police Sergeant Well, what has this man been doing? Oflicer O'Urog Inipersonatin' an officer, sir. Whin I found him sittin dhrunk on a beer-keg ho taid he had just stopped there a uiiuuto to tie his rhoostriugs. Judge. On the lilalto. Ifonieo Ticouuter ("tho greatest liv ing Guildenstern) Prithee, who was that gentleman to whom you bowed so politely ? ltagsby de Jaggs (of the "Not In It" Combination) That is the property man of our company. "Property man ! 1' faith I took him for a Syndicate." "Exactly to. He is tho real-ostato owner who gives bail when the mana ger gets into trouble." Ptick. Ad tire to lb" Oirls. Girls talk and laugh alxmt marriago as though it were a jubilee, a jolly, gladsome thing, a rose without a thorn. And so it is, if it it all light, if they go about it as rational beings, instead of merry-making chi'dren. It ii a serious thing to marry. It is a life business, and that of heart end happi ness. Therefore never do it in haste ; never run away to get married; never marry for wealth, or standing, or fino person, or manners, but only for char acter, for worth, for the qualities of mind and heart whieh make an honor able man. Take time, think long and well before you accept any proposal ; consult yonr parents, then some ju dicious friend, then your own judg ment. Men preach from the housetops while the devil is crawling through the basement windows. 'TWAS A BAKE SWINDLE.; ITS VICTIMS NUMBER OVER THIRTY THOUSAND. Detertives dialing the FigUWe Manager He If a Im-hiiihxI with A. out of the I'lumler Still a Small Part of the Be-j ceiptM in the Hands of the Court. A hasty examination of the books of the National Capital Savings. I'.uildiuir and Loan Association of North America, which was taken in hand by the United States authorities at Chicago, gives a more definite Idea of the extent of the frauil practiced by the "close" corpora tion and shows in detail the plan by which 31,000 fieoplo wore systematically defrauded. The amount of tho firm's receipts was somewhat esacireratcd by the. lirst reports, but Inspector Stuart holds that at least S1oO,o;k) for which the stockholders got not a cent was taken in by the company. The greater part of this amount, over and above the association's expenses, is in the possession of Louts F. Mortimer, tlx? promoter of the project, wh Is now beintr clnsely chased by detectives In tho Last. Ex-Judge S. A. Page and Attor ney Lyden Evans, for the cheated tock-: holders, and District Attorney Mllchrlst turned rapidly through ;he doioi or more ledgers aud books kept by the cor poration, and the result, roughly esti mated, gives the following figures: To til amount received, SHii.OOD. Of this $31,00') has been paii to the agents throughout the country. There are SI3, Ooo assets in sight. S'.MiK) of which is the Securities upon which small loans togivo confidence to i-tockholdcrs were made, and the l.alance in the bank and now subject to the court's order. Then tho books show Slft.ooo taid to Lewis F. Morlinn t as c muiisslons, and of this Sr.',':oo Mortimer must account t tho indignant stockholders Th re Is yet S-Ti.OOO to bo accounted for, an l Morti mer is supposed to have the amount with him. At least he did have it in hand when he left thp city on "pr ssinjr Eastern business.' Since July 3) this year Sl3,ooo has been taken In and Is de posited as a trust fund, subiect to the order of the f-up-'rior Court, hi which the cao is now p-nding. Mortimer Is beinu closely followed in the East, and word was received at the (iovernment buildm which, it is said, will lead to his arrest. The ollicials look upon him as the important man and care nothing about tho little catch, for Mortimer got the money and the others were used as his tools. Alfred Down ing, president of the bogus building as sociation, is still In tho hands of tho Government authorit'es, but his bail has been tixed at S2,0on, which is looked upon as an absurd bond for a man under the charge made against him if the offi cials cared to hold him. N II. Tollman has also b 'en released on the snipe bond. In view of the fact that both men have told all they know about the management of the National Capital Savings lluildinz and Loan Association of North America and are working hand-in-haud with tho authorities for the capture of Mortimer, it can easily be surmised that neither of these men will bo prosecuted, but will be use! as witnesses against Mortimer, who. ac cording to Mr. Downing, is "ono man In a thousand." and as smooth as tho best. Attorney Lyden Evans has been drawn Into this case by circumstances. He was at first called upon by Mortimer to de fend certain little suits and knew noth ing of the association's standing. Ho did more and more of the firm's legal business until one day he comelvod the idea that, all was not. straight. Mr. Mor timer was In New York at tho time and Evaus demanded at the association's of fice In tiie llookcry building to havo access t' the company's books If ho was to be Its legal adviser. It was then ho met Tollman, one of the directors, and he told him what he thought. Tollman, he says, became frightened, and asked what, iie could do to protect himself, as he did not know the association was not straight. This started the ball rol ing, aud a receiver would have been asked for by Mr. Evans had not I'ucle Sam got there first. "Mortimer runs things with a high hand." said Mr. Evans, after he had looked over the books of the bogus com pany, "and it's a wonder he did not smash things and get In the hands of the law before. He put his father in as secretary and treasurer, his brother-in-law (F. O. Wentworthl as president, and had a man in Canada named Choate whose proy he voted regularly. It wa a sort of family affair between them, and Mr. Downing, the president, whom Mortimer claimed to have ousted by the recent election, was made a tool of, as was a'so the vice president, Mr. Tollman. These men. I believe, got nothing. We are going now to see what we can do for tho stockho 'dors. There Is SV'0; 'eft iu bank and $!,100 out on loans, the real estate security for which we believe is perfectly good. That Is about 20 per cent any how. We will next make an application for a receiver, and I believe the association ought not to be allowed to go to pieces, as there is a hfap of money coming In all the time. Since the money now In tank was tied up over S!3,n0 ) has been re ceived, which the court will take charge of as a trust fund, and I believe that a j association that is in receipt of 9'ich large amounts shouldn't be allowed to go to pieces. " While the ligun s got from the firm's books showed that Sii,;0.t had been re ceived, this docs not cover the eiitlto scope of Mortimer's business. He ran a branch house for three months at Phila delphia, aud of the proceeds It Is said no account was mado The company operated in nearly every State In the Lnion and its agents were in nearly every town. Tho plan was the regu'ar system adopted by building and loan associations, only they failed to make the usual loans when called upon, and the stockholders' money can only bo accounted for the one way. Inspector Stuart said that he does not think a record of half the money re ceived by the association was kept, and stated that more than lifly letters con taining checks, money orders, etc., rang ing in amount irom 5 to ?."o, and ad dressed to the association, were received by ono morning's mall. Mlmilng Links. Lonkos theater-going Is said to have declined to a remarkable extent Hkkfstkak and black coffee arc said to have reduced a lady of 182 pounds to na One of the most eminent English phy sicians recently said that every modern house ought to br destroyed after it had been built for sixty years. WrtATKVKn be the state of colored photography, a process of photograph ing In colors has been patented iu Lon don, and the company Is about to begin business. i Out of tho Uritish Isles the Salvation Army now has 1.7Q5 corps and 1,010 so cieties, altogether 2,754 salvation socie ties. These are led forward by 5,8.0 officers. TnK well that Is being bored at Wheel ing lnthe Interest of science has reached a depth of three-quarters of a mile. Prog ress is being made at the rate of about ten font a day. The most violent thunder-storms In the world oceur in French Guiana. Tho thunder there in an ordinary storm is almost deafening, while peal follows peal In quick succession.