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L V,. w V W"w--w- ,-'V.- ,1 AOLILME T. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY SKPTKMI5ER 3, 1891. NUMBER 31 IJj T THE SILK INDUSTRY. S1NCUIAR ORIGIN OF AN IM POffANT MANUFACTURE. Cars of ? Worins Vnwliollii-; tlm ( o-roon- liorn oik I'rices 1'aiil in Karly limes lor Hio l a! re - larva mul SIotH A Ixli.bukm of Via I'in'slieil I'roflurt, , ilio.il tho s :k Worm. The ordit of orig'nating tho silk In dustry hduc to a wcman. A! out 4.r.oii years ag, the Km press Si-1 ing-Chi was passing a artificial pond in tho pa'ace grounds, when she perceived, ly ;uir in tin; watr, certain i m oons. of a bright yellow rwr. from which pretty thtcads Moated way on the surface of tlie water. :he ha !e one of her maids stoop and gatbr tip the thrca 's w hen, to her as'.onishieii?, tin y unwotin 1 from tin; I'o om,s. Tlie riKTSS outiriuod. tlie I right yllow brands were wound round a stick util the ot oo i- were exhausted, ami tlm was begun what next to tea growing proved to lie tl.o mon import ant ind-try of tli- t h i.c-e Kmpire. TIIK (0-"0OS I.AUVA A.XU MOTFTi The iniidrut led to the pro ccutioii of experiiir-nt : the ilireads wore spun and woven. ; nd gorgeous fal l ies, mi h as till therthe word h: ! n ver oen. soon adorned the l'rirce 'ami her maids of horn r I'or her disc of, ry slie was he'a TrnKisii wat of Kit.i.i7;a thk ciihvsai.is. in th highest esteem: the was enrolled among t he ( h ues ; god b-s-os under tho title of Sieuthsa , -the t!r t who raised silkworms," and to tic present day i ; the patr n deity of all silk-worm zrowrs and silk-w .rkers rnderstanding the importanc of m I S-VIMUNO TIIK OCOONS their newly di coven d manufa-ture the hi eso made an (Tort to l oop it a secret and d 'rive a 1 .enelit from tic e p rt of silk, without a lowing others to share in tic ku iwVdgo of the manner in whi-h it was made. The iron tiers wore uuard'd. It was made a crim puuis ab e I y ceath to carry either sbk worms ti-.eir eggs, or coot ons out of the emp'ri'. Tic iik was only eximrte I, ami for twenty centuries the ( h nose ; n joel a in no ioly of the silk mnnnfa" tureira e About .Vi) A. 1'. acoup'eof monkish misslonat h s. in the course of the r wa derng;, cross.'d the ( bines fro tier They wore ki dly receivel, and for some years abode in a c'ty in th S mth o" Ch'na There t' ey learned the seer t of th silk manufacture, and on tho'r return deto; mined to convey theT kiow'elge and the means of spreading tlie industry to Kurope. Kach prepared a hollow cane a a walking staff, and filled the h dl. w with silk worm eggs 'I h so tli smuggled a ros; the frontier, and after many weeks of weary travel finally reached Constanti nople, and ere admitted :o th ' pr senca of Knit eior .lustinian. To him they re lated the marvelous story and presented their tiTiis-.ro. I'mler t .e instructions of the monks, who had witnessed the methods prao co I by ;lc Chinese, the eggs were placed tin !cr favorable ou tfit o:is the worms reared and the lirst ' ocoons e er seen in Kurope were spun Into thread. Fiom this bumbo start, says tho OUilic-O'intx'rn', tic silk industry of Ku rope began. It was destitud to r.'aeh mighty proportions and in tim t be so aide! by machinery ami mo hanieal devices of various descriptions as scarcely to be recognl; ab'e by the orig inators. In certain essent a s tho si.k Industry is, of course, practically to day what it was in the time of .; ustiuian, or for that matter in tho time of the Empress M-l.ing- hi, but, the use of machinery for unwinding the cocoons and :'o.' spinn'ng the thread has practi cally placed the business under new conditions. Meantime, however, flie Chinese have kept on in the saint! way without the slightest improvement on the methods of 4, no,') years aco, and in a Chinese village of the present flay n en and women may be en reeling o!T threads from tho cocoons just, as their ancestors did in tic tim ; of Christ. It Js an industry wh'c'i can be followed anywhere, and in the humblest Chinese dwellings, in the boat houses along the rivers, in the, al'cys whieh in every di rection branch out from the main streets of any Chines ity. the silk ree'or and his primitive apparatus may ho seen. Anyone, however, who, fiom the fact that tho work is done by ignorant peo ple, comes to the conclusion that a for tune is easily mtu'o by laising silk worms, labors under a serious mistake. There are few indnstiies mi which chancn plays so large a iart or which require such earnest and constant attention of the manipulator. '1 ho eggs are uncer tain in hatching, the worms re urro al most continual attention, both as to i their food, temperature and light. A ; sudden dratrght may dor.troy tic owner's hope of a crou. I. von the j be looked after, for if they s on the total amount of have be ti dopo-ited by wh le if left t. o long the cocoons must are killed too silk will not the inmat worms burst I through their i product. The co ering an 1 spoil the inse ts are subject to all s rts of diseases, innumerable parasites feed upon then and im ar their h a'th, ami even alter tlio cocoons are prepared for the winter impropi. r treatment may subject tho gr. wer to a heavy kiss. The silkworm is commonly spoken of as though there were but one kind As a fact, every caterpillar prodtn-es silk when spinning its cocoo:i. There are twenty nine varieties of worm which produce an excellcnL article of siik, but only three or four are laised exi lusively for this pr du -t, a-id of these one Is best in China, while another is better adapted to the c imate of India, r-1 i 1 1 alio her fares best in Asia Mill .r. an 1 another in Kurope Tho ei'gs of the i e-t kind, the Chinese worm, lire cj.ccedtiig'y minute, about l'.u.o mi to th.. ouuee, and th cat erpillar svlo ti first hatched i ' less than a f;nart"rof au inch in IcngtJi Tlie in sect lives from for;y-iive to liftv-three (?ays, and increases in a iiiositli to a long h sometimes f-xceeJing three inohe-s an I a weight '.'.."Kid time; that at hatching. lie eats incessant'y, save when throwing off the old skin, when he desists for a day or so, only to begin with fresh vigor, and to n ake a marvelous increase in si e within a few hours nfter the skin is shed. The best food Is the leaf of the white mulberry, but in default of this, other leaves are greedily eaten, and the worm will thrive on theleaesof the black mulberry, or the o-ago orange, cr even of the lettuce. The disad vantage of using these, however. Is the fact that they produce a pcor quality of siik, and w herever silk cu.ture is to be practiced with th hope of profit, the white mulberry shou d be previously cultivated. Seven hundred ami thirty nine pounds of h aves are required to make fcventy poinds of cocoon';, and the greatest care is needed in fc ding the worms. The leaves must be chopped and evenly distributed throughout the trays, otherwise the worms will be un equally fed. The products of twohatch- IN A fHINF.SK VII.I.Alii:. ings, un'ess of exactly the same si( must be kept apart, or the smaller worms will starve. After eight weeks i of eating, the worm reuuires four or live ; days to s; in his cocoon, and in two or i three weeks wili emerge a perfect moth, j I'oth as worm and moth, however, he Is j sluggi-h In the extreme, the worms sol i doui moving from the trays in which ' they are I laced, and the moths i a rely attempting llight They lay their eggs j upon the cloth placed to receive them, j and ili' in a few hours, taking no nour- i ishmcnt after reaching the moth or per fect state. , Only those ins 'cts designed to propa- i AN FXHIBITIOS OF THE FIMfHSIl rRO'.U'CT. j i irnt.1 their L-iml n nlf.,,ipr, trt i . " .... .. ..,, uo,' IU IIIIIIU III ' I perfection, for as so ,n as the spinning1 ca os, which is determine'.l by the ab-! sen.-e of sound from within the cocoon, ! a small instrument having been devised for the pur, ose of ascertaining if the ' worm is still at 'work, tho cocoons are stilled cr placed in hot water in order to kill the insects and pr ent fu:-the; de- , veloptneut j In Mount Iehanon, where the ttlki manufactures are ext nsive, the coioons M Ml SwiT l""8x V : fttwmM ft are frequently cribbed with a mallet: but the general impression is that by thi process the silk is in jured, Roth in China and India the insect-; are killed with boiling water, wlccli is believed to do its work IT ctuaily, without in the lea t harming the precious covering. 3 $F W-l 'V I vi 1 V I 3. ' -t - j --V-- 1 C IlIXFSKSPlNNI liS 0. - m TV. After .-tilling the cocoons they are load ed in'o trays or baskets, and nan-ported to the feelers, who beg n operations by stripping the cocoon of it ; delicate llo sy Miveting, which then become; "wa to'' or re.'e ted s Ik The c icoons are then placed in water and tr ied .with a careful y trimmed birch ri.d, which is lifted from time to time t i aseerta'n if any threads an' adhering to it A soon as one is lound it is cave fully traced t its t oco-n, another is jiicke 1 ot aid o ne 1 ti it, and when four or live arc th is collected the com blued thr ad i- !ace i upc-n a reel which is s'owiy tume I and tic threads un wound from the orieina' nekage Mu- li care Is required at. tois part of the oper ation, lor tlie threads are ot ti'iouua length, broken. and. bc-ides. are fre-iiently o :is s 'on :s line rims nut or breaks another is oiin I and jo'ned at as icary ns possible tic ; anie point. The r. el must b" far enough from the pan contaiu'ng tlie cocoons to allow tho t ir ill todrv in transit, and tlietedious ness of the process may lie jud.-ed from tin- fact that the threads are oft -n from. O'io to 1,000 feet in length, and one ound of cocoons o ii;ht. to give a combined th'cad about .VJS, ;i i:i feet long. The pr.iooss of raising silkworms is t edious from b -ginniiig to end. as may bo Judged from the fa t that the prodoct of l.i-i.o worms is j ound of ner'hantab'e s'lk. The strands thus made int threal are ' passed on to the weaver and manufact- ' tired into the delicate fabrics which do light the eyes and gladden the hearts alike of pagan and Christian belles At : this point of manufacture, however, j when the pro luet passes into the loom. ' adulterations and frauds be ou.e possi- ; hie. It is imj os-tb',o to adulterate the thread, but wlcn the thread becomes combined with m:tny thousands of oth ers to make cloth ftauds are frequently practiced. In few lines of dr.." goods is adulterat 'in more frequently practiced than in silks, a fact which ha; been caused by the demand for elu a; t showy uoods, for in this louutry the servant must look as weil as the mil iou aire's daughter: the woman who scrubs i the front steps is as ambit 'ous. -o far us ; dress is con crned, as the wo.i au who sits in the p:irlor. There being a de mand, therefore, for the greatest possi- I bio show at the hast possi: le prlc. meta'lic dyes cane int i use. and also the practice of weighing the yarn, esjie- i ially that wb'cb goe ; into the mauu-i fact uro "f black silk tass-is and fringes, j and V sin h an extent is this ad diera-I tion practiced 1hat oft'-ntime; tlc-o goods are. in weight, two third; dye and one-third cloth. Aside from hina, where silk has al- , ways loon made in abundance, silk cul- j ture is an important branch of industry in ralcstine. in yria. particularly in the ' Lebanon llange. where loth Christians' and Mohammedans work side by side in ! the manufacture and realize, well on i tlcir labors. It is manufactured wi'h i 1 rolit in Turkey and tire co, ami alo in i Italy. In San licinu ami t.'otica. in Na- pies, and other town on the western ' coast of the peninsula, whole streets are given up to silk-workers, and pictures jiie spectacles are presented by these p ople ' with the r spinning wheels and looms. 1 their frays and cocoons, and the huge baskets of loaves brought in from the ; surrounding mulberry plantations for ; tho sustenance of their sto k in trade, j Largely cultivated in Spain, Portugal I and tl e South of France, the attempts! which havd boon made In I ngland and ! to rmany have not. reauzo I the .success j hoped for them by the projectors. Tic 1 climate of the north of Kurope is not j suflicient'y w arm, the chan"o; are too j groat, the proper food for tic worm is ! not. a wavs to b found, and the cuality of the silk depends in no small d 'give upon the proper leaf funrshed for tlie food The quantity of silk anuua'ly pro duced is almost incredibly great There aro every year imported into Kngland over s,(dKiioo pounds of raw si.k. over ! 4, OUO.OO I pounds of "wast"," and up- I ward of loo.oo pounds of various grades i of thread, a total of mo:e than 1 :.',(;) 1.- of 0 pounds a year, to say nothing of silk I giK Is air. ady manufactured, exceeding ' in value S!,H)0.oro. Nor does thi, rep- j resort more than the consumption of a j siug'e nat ion, and it is estimated that : the total anneal consumption 1 f the ! world exceeds 10'U O'.U ( 0 loundsa year. I Attempts have been made to raisy the j worm in the United States, but not with : marked. success. I 'e fore the revolutio :- I ary war the silkworm was introduced ; into Virginia. North and South Carolina, I and (ieorgia, but the industry died out completely during the rovo'ntion, and has 1 not boon resumed to auy considerable j extent Hut the silk manufacture; of j ibis country form an important, part of I it- business. !y tue census of issu, it j appeandthat there were 32 factories with a capital of SH'. l-.1,:i0d, employing ae.Oiiii hands, and turning out in the pr. ceding yea" s:! .!:, 723 worth of goods. 1 be days of the excessive costliness of si k have gone by, and the probability is that in the next few years large addi Cous will be made to the s lk-prcdiieing arei of tic world. Sou' hern Ca-Iifornia, niaiiy parts of th Southern States, the i w w TT7 ii L reqiureii to make a s ngle West Indies, lexlco, Central America, ti e northern part of f'outh America and large districts in Afr'ca are excellently well suited to tho growth and develop ment, of the worm, as well as the mul berry on which it feeds, and !n not a few localities arrangements are now being made, both in tb's and other countries, by planting mulberry groves, t pre are for silk culture. 5mircp ot lliti Missis. ippt. For many years students have been answering the question. "What is tho source of the lis.sissippi V" without a doubt, that Ibev a iswereil truly in say ing, "J. ake Itasca," and yet, in all this time, fur up in tho wilds of Minnesota, the cold, deep waters of Veiitas Cupert Lave been silently perforniinp; tho func tion of a primal reservoir, and tlowine; on through the great channel to the gulf. Indians have jophed their birch canoes out upon the lake beyond anil above Ila ca, followed their favonte sports upon its shores, and slaked their thirst at its crystal fountains giving it a name of their own full of beauty and meaning, "rokegumu," which our Kng!i.-h translates, "The place where the waters gather.'' Hut now tho spii it of ndventuro has thrown a new light upon I'okcgaina. The rod man no longer holds undisputed swav. for las white brothers have invaded the path less forests and pushed their boats out upon the silent lake, lenamiiig it "lazier," in honor of the intrepid man who Las established its true relation to the Mississippi. This explorer, as is w ell known, w as the leader of an ex pedition which vi-iiod the head waters of the Mi sissippi in For some time before the final step of forming such an expedition had b. en taken, ('apt. ('lazier had strongly suspected that Lake Itasca was rot the true source. The doubt of its being siu-h had been held by him ever since his jov.rnoy on horseback across the conti nent from 'osto:i to Sifn Franei-co in lSTti, when he heard from Indians who bad lived in Northern Mil nesota that they knew of another lake to the south of Itasca wlii; h they In lievi ii to be the source of the "l a! her of Waters."' i-'o the projei t bega i. From that time ('apt. ( ihizie looked forward t th day when he should satisfy himself on the subject. For, be it known, he is a bom explorer. It is geneially known now, by his own account and by the accounts of those who have been inter eted in the mutter, bow this lake was foi.nd by hint and his companions, and w hy it had remained to long rnie og- svuian sii.K-w-ixtir.iis. ' I ni.cd. There a i bo no doubt as to the claim it now h-dds uj on o ir maps, and intelligent pople hail its discovery as th correction of an erior which has been too long disregarded. For the purposes of obtaining sketches of tlio country around the lie id waters, and further in estigatit g the northern tiibutarios of the river, a m ini er of gentlemen interested in geography find science will aeionipany ("apt. ( Ua ier this summer to the I'ppor Mis:is ip; i. This flip is announced to be chieily one of pleasure, alt ho gli some serious attention wiil be paid to holography, geology, and botany by experts of the party. The country is ceitniuly fi ll of cha: 111 for devotees of tln se sciences, end those who ha e been following the subject of the newly located source hitherto will doubtless await with in terest further de. ( lopmetit w hich this fc.-oiid journey will probably bring forth.-- Ciii it'jo llcrut'i. How t It ul I tho Tiiihuo, The perfectly healthy tot-g ic is clean, moist, lies loo ely in the mouth, is lonnd at the edge, and has 110 piom iisout papill e. The tongue may be furred fiom 1 al causes, or from sym pathy with tlie stomach, intestines, or liver. The dry tongue occurs most l eitently in fevo, ami indicates a nervous prostration or depression. A white tongue is diagnostic simply of the feverish condition, with peihups a sour stomach. When it is moist arid yellowish-brown it shows disordered digestion. Dry and brown indicates a low state of the system, possibly tvphoul. When the tongue is dry and red and .smooth, look out foe inflam mation, gastiic or intestinal. When the papill c 011 the end of the tongue aro laised and very red wo call it a st'iiwborry tongue and that means scarlet loser. Sharp -1 ointed, led tongue will hint of brain initation or iiitlammalion, and a yellow coating in dicates liver derangement. When so much can be gained from an examina tion of tlp tongue, how- important it is that the youngest child should be taught to Hit it out so lhafc it can be visible to the uttermost point in the throat. Dr. Julia If. Smith. II i f a Mi lion 1 111 niuraiits in IS'IO. According to Bradstroet's, during lS'.Ml the total number of immigrants arriving in the United States from for eign countries was t'dl.dji'i, a gain over the preceding year of ;r,0()0, or 15 por cent. The bulk of tho increase was found in arrivals from three countries in Central and Southern Hurope Ans-tiia-llungary. I'o.aml, Italy and, in fact, these three countiies may be credited alone with supplying "more than the entire increase noted, a- their total gain over 1KS: was (V.i.dOO, or 4.000 moro than the total net gain. Tho arrivals of British immigrants showed a heavy falling off. (ierman arrivals gained" slightly, and Russian immigrants were also more numerous th n in s,S!. The total number of British immigrants was 120,fi!7, a de crease from lss'.i of 12 per cent. The statistics of arrivals at leading ports show that New York received :i8,:3!k, or nearly HI per cent, of tho total; Boston received :!0,!71, or i'.'i per cent. : Baltimore, 2,.,12,", or C er t en ; and Philadelphia, 2M,4.'54, or 4.7 per cent. NrMERors desertions from the army are alarming the Italian government. The causes are arrears in pav and j;oor xoou. REALH OF I.AItO Jt. We ar" tho hewers anil dolvcrs who toil for another's gain. The common, elod. and the rabble, stunted of brow and brain. What do we want, the gleaners, of the harvest we have reape.l ! What do we want, the neut 'is, of the honey we have heaped. V" want tie ilroiies to be driven away from our irolderi honrd : We w :ml to share hi 1 ho harvest, wo w ant to sit- at the boaril: We waul wh:it swonl or suITrage has never yet won f. r man. The fruits of hi -. toil Cei l promise;, when tlie curse of toll beL'.in. Ye have tried th" sword and the sceptre, the cross and the sacred word. In all the years. :un! 1 he kingdom is not here yet. oft!!-- l.o;,. We are tired or useless waiting: we are tired oT U.:el.- ,s ii-.tyer ; Sohlicr. chart-hm.iii and lawver the failure, is ii not theirs.' Y.'hat inin is It to tic people, that a. e.d laid down his I'fe. If tw, nt v centuries after His world., tie a world of strife lft.'ie serried rinks be facing each other with rut hie-.; eje. And rteel in tneir hands, what profits a Sav ior's saeritiee? Ye have t."ied and failed to rub' us; in vain to dn-eet have tried. Nut vvhollv til.' fault of the ruler, nor utterly M;u.i the guide: Mayhan there iced-; not a ruler, mayhap we -all lind Hie -,v;.y. At ieast ye have ruled to ruin: at least ve have led astray. What matter if l-.ii!";. or council, or preside-it holds l(,e rein. If crime and poverty ever be liniis in tho bond man's elaiin": What caret h Hie bunion bearer that Liberty lacked his ioa,t!. If hu'.ii.e: -presses behind him with a sharp ami ready goad? Tin-re's a serf whose chains are of paper. there'sa kiier with ii ai-t'i;in -nt erowu. There are robi.- kn'gics ainl brigands in fact- i iry. held atid t- w n. IP.it the vassals pay his tribute to a lord of watre an 1 rent. And the baron s toii is ShylmYs, with a tti'sli and blood per cent. The seamstress liends to lcr labor, all night in a narrow room. The o.lii,!. defrauded of childhood, tiptoes all o.iy at i lie loam : The soul must starve; for the body can barely on liusvis be fed : And the loaded dice of the gambler settles the price of bread. Ye have shorn and ho-.md the Sainton, r.nd lobbed him of l.-armiig's light: Hut his sluggish hraia is moving: Lis sinews have ail their might. Look well to your gates of tia.a. wmr privi lege, pride and c;lMe. The giant is blind but thinking, and his loeks are growing fast - J mil- J-r j ', in - X. i'- A' ''. The i. O. I'. Tjplcut American. The plutocrat is a daisy lot us in terview him. Thirty years ago he worked for farmer ut 8 a month and his board, or be was digging ditches at six bits a day. or was peddling mouse, traps or running a peanut stand. One morning he got n corner on but ton hob s, and from that day to this he lias been getting corners on everything that is made, grow s or llows. Meanwhile he poses as a patriot, a benefactor, an industrial captain. He makes himself agreeable to con gressmen and poliricians, and they spare no pains to proclaim his virtues. While the armies of the north were engaged in a death struggle with the armies of the south he became greatly interested in maintaining the credit of the endangered nation. Lincoln was lighting tiiebatiles of ths people with demand notes, and was getting along nicely, when he ins red congress there must be a gold clanse put in all subsequent issues of notes, and this is how they ran afterwards: "This note is a legal tender for all debts, public and private, except duties on imports and interest on the public debt ; and is receivable inpayment of all loans made to the Fnited States." Do you notice the word "except?"' Looks harmless. It has cost the American people sweat, tears, blood, wealth beyond the dreams of maddest revenge. This was tlie budding plutorat's first achievement. ,i After this all thingi become possi ble. Why ? Because congressmen, contractors and dospoilers of all kinds shared in the plunder either corruptly or by in direction. The "except" clause on the green back was the open sesame that led to exhaustions fields profligacy. AH the contraction, gold bond mak ing, credit strengthening and resump tion inquiries followed as a matter of course. The gigantic land grants to railroads and the bestowal of the government ere. lit on them came as a matter of course. Turin's wore a natural sefjuence. Out of them by 11 fatal necessity came monster corporations, combina tions, syndicates and trusts. The plutocrats increased in numbers and power at an appalling ratio. Not as the outcome of superior knowledge, skill, enterprise, business sagacity or any other quality that goes to make the successful man on a farm, or in a factory, but simply because they w t re in the sw im. The republican party gloried in the growth of plutocracy, and pointed to plutocrats as typical Americans. I'il'shurii (Ixiiii.) Kutisiui. On.- lliiuilrt'fl (Vttls. A silver dollar is worth 100 cents. A gold dollar is worth the same amount. One is equal to the other. No discount. Both are legal tender. What more d you want? We might refer you to bullion or bar silver, worth 85 cents por pound, more or less, but that is not money. It is simply so much silver, commercial weight, and. in so far, may be compared us to cheapness, with any other commodity. And so. one kind of money may be compared to another. You take gold and silver money and what do you make? Nothing at all. For both are of just the same value. Then how can one be cheaper than the other? It can't be, and any represent ation to this effect is a deception, a pretense. The law governs, and this is plain and distinct. It says so many grains of silver shall be one dollar. It says the same with respect to gold. The authority is the same for both. If it is possible to depreciate the one it is the other. And yet, these facts are ignored. The cry of cheap money still goes on. (), this devilish iteration! Come ofT! Come off! We have had enough o' it ! Washington (D. C.) National View. Signs or tli Times. As one of the trifling events whieh mark the era of approaching revolu tion one among a dozen in the papers of a single day, we take tho following from the telegraph columns : JxniAXAi'ur .is, Aug. 2.--"A detach ment of police has been called to Haughville to protect tho trustees from violence at the hands of enraged citizens. Notices have been posted on their doors declaring that they will be 'dealt with' if they do not resign. After reciting various charges against the trustees the notice says : 'We can endure hardships, trials and troubles to shelter, feed and sustain our wives and little ones xvho have toiled with us, hope to see the day when mort gages on our little homes are lifted; but before wo will submit to seo our homes go to fill the pockets of glut tonous Shylocks we will take the law into our own hands; and Clod have mercy on our souls." Tci-haps, when the plutocrats xvho have burned hundreds of millions of greenbacks and taken tip all the small denominational bonds, and demonetized silver, see their palaces in flames, and tho red knife of revolution unsheathed, they will remember a few of the warn ings like tho above. It is no small satisfaction to know that the above does not occur in Kansas! It looks, somehow, more threatening in the middle states; and when we hear the same low growl from New York aui the mutterings in Pennsylvania, it be gins to look as though the west was not alone in this mighty movement whieh already draws fearfully close to revolution. What can now be said against the lawlessness of tliischaracter when high old-party officials publicly advertise that, they will not execute the laws; and when roughs of every character are sustained in the public press, and by public men, for their lawlessness! When such a condition exists among the dugs and the politicians, xve say to the plutocrats, "Hands of"! - these suffering poor have a cause before the throne of tiod and if your damnable villains and thieves and scoundrels, debauchers of the government, and whisky-peddlers, go unscathed by law. so shall these children of the basement take reign and riol among your treas ures! "The villainy you teacli us, we xvill execute, and better the instruc tion." So say these victims, in the language of Shylock himself and woo unto this generation when the instruc tion be "bettered I" SI. 1'ml 1 Minn. ) ;'(,( Wr,l. Ill u Nnlsliell. The t'hrixtiiin I'nimi gives us a specimen of how a good writer can condense a voluminous amount of mat ter into an essence of tho subject and give us the pith of the pope's encyclical in the following : That there is a labor problem. That the factory acts are rigiit iu principle. That labor organizations should bo encouraged. That workingmen are suffering under gross injustice. That wealth is a trust and must bt administered as a trust. That labor arbitration should take the dace of labor battles. That hours of labor should be such as to give time for soul and culture. That it is the duty of the church to concern itself with these facts. That wages should be such as to give opportunity for acquisition of property. That if these results cannot be se cured by free contract, the law should interfere. That, woman labor and child labor should be regulated and reduced by legislation. That the church, the state, free labor organizations and capitalists should all co-operate in labor reform. These are all Christian Union posi tions. We did not expect ten years ago to live to see them advocated from the Vatican of the pope. The world moves. lust tlie Same. There is not a pinhead's difference be tween the aims and ends of the repub lican and democratic parties in Massa chusetts to-day. Both consist, of a small clique of rich men and their law yers and agents, and a big set of poor fools, whom they bamboozle into vot ing for a meaningless nothing which they call "the party." The Xcir Na tion. And the same is true here and every where. What is there of any party but the politicians, office-holder and office seekers, and the poor dupes who shout and vote for that meaningless myth, the party? Lairrcnrc, (Kan.), Jcijt rpon inn. About Kentucky. People's party candidates control the legislature. Party lines generally forsaken by tiie voters. (liiitis to the new organization being the result. A victory in elections to the legisla ture over the old parties iu the old state. Farmers taking a hand iu legislation.- -Cinrinnali I'n''i i ret; Dmi. A Kior devil down in Missouri stole some hams and a shoulder and was gathered in by the strong arm of the law and given live years in the peni tentiary; then the treasurer of the same state stole fod.OOO in cash from the commonwealth's treasury and was picked up by the same "strong arm of the law," and nfter plenty of delibera tion, given two years in the same insti tution with the common pork thief. As the enormity of the crime increases the years of punishment are lopped off, it seems. Missouri jusriee is subject to queer freaks. Wahoo, (Nch.J Netr Era. Look around yon ami you xvill find that everybody who is reaching out and trying to lietter the condition of men and women is condemned by the associated press ; it matters not whether they advocate the reduction of taxes and interest, an increase in the circu lating medium of the country, the establishing of government warehouses, a reduction of the hoursof labor, or co operative colonization in Mexico, any thing that will tend to the ameliora tion of the producing classes, is cen sured andlied about. WinjleUlKan.) Nonconform iff. The New York World declares that the population of the agricultural dis tricts is less than it was ten years ago, the gains having been made in the towns and cities. But the mortgage indebtedness is increasing at the rate of fS, 500.000 per year, and the loss in farm values since 18S0 is estimated at $205,000,000, or an average of r$7 per acre for the single state of Ohio. There are states where the proportion shows a still worse condition of affairs. Nearly $:50,000,000 of government money is always deposited with certain bankers without interest charged. Tho bankers loan this money, and may be said in the language of the street, to have "a soft snap." Meantime tho proposition to useless than $30,000,000 to build warehouses in which to store the basis of all wealth, is met with ter rific opjiosition. St. Paul (Minn.) Great Went. Gov. Pennoyer, democratic governor of Oregon, has renounced his allegi ance to the democratic party and en rolled himself in the people's party. HURLED TO ETERNITY, A TRAIN AT THE BOTTOM OF AN 85-FOOT ABYSS. Tito Catatroplio tlie Worst In the His tory cf ortt Carolina Hie Nuinli r or lira I Hoclie Over a Sc ro Proml nruce oi the Victim. AVrec't ot the F.ott Mall. One of the most disastrous ra'lway wrecks km wn in the annals of Nor th Carolii a occurred abo :t r.1 o'clock a. m. a', Boston Bridge, two mi'es west of Matesvil e, on the W estern North Crro Irna l oad. 1 assenger No. fi, known as the fast mali. was made up at t-a isbury, a d ! u!'ed out on time (l a m.). loaded with passe -.gent. It was compo-e-j of a lax-ira-o a .d tr ail car, second and lirst class eoaeho.. a Pullman sleeper, and .Siqor iiitendent llrid e s private ar Pa sy. Tie- sh epc r. which w as from (ioldsboro. usually contriiiis a Rood number o' pas seniors from Northern points, and that night was well tilled. The run to Statesville was mad" on time, a tlis-am;.' of twenty-live: miles, but just aftr-r leaving Statesville tlcro s a high stone brrd.-e spanning Third ( reek, and down Into this creek plutmort the entire train, a distance of at ieast eighty live feet, carrying dca Ii and destruction with it. Twenty pa-'S'-ngers were killed out r'cht, nine seriously in'i.red, and ahont tw-'t ty ha lly bruised and shaken uu Tho night was dismal, and to add t the horror ol tho situation the wat r in the creek was up It was only throutrli the most heroic 1 fforts of those who had hurried to the see e of the wreck that tlio injured were not drowned The accident was caused hy the sprcadinif of the rails. The killed and injured wore a 1 re-idents of tlm South, most of tlern memic.s of prominent families who had been at the seash.'o. An eye witn-ss who appeared at the scene just at daylight says. 10 use his own words: "The scene appalled me . The gn at h'gh bridge apparently ie maiiK'd intact-, but the tails wore torn up and the edges of the stone were knocked oif where the faking cars ha i come in contact with it. It was early morning. A mist til it tl the va'ley. News of the accident had s an elv got ten abroad, but already 1 willing peo p'e from the surrounding farms wore helping to remove the wreckage and draw out the In dies of the dead It was a terrible scne. The debris of the cars was piled inoi.ntain high, it seemed, in the utmost confusion Iu the fall the Pullman car l ad leaped over all the oth ers. whiilitiL- ihrough the air and strik ing the ground with terrible effect, away in front of where the engine lay. It was mashed a- one would crush an or.'g I y throwing it against a stone wall We got out llngii.eer West in p'ooe. His lireman. i'ry. of Hickory, was abo badly muti a tr-d. From the debris of the 1 assenger ars people Were brought out. mang e;! in a 1 sorts of ways, only two or three bodies being brought out intact The Lodh s we e ranged in a row on the hillside, and they were icady to be sent to Waterville when I leit, and workmen wore there digging in the wreck for other bodies. The conductor was bidly hurt, but he hobbled to Statesville and gave news of t 10 wreck." Three ladies in the first-class car were killed, and every passenger in the sleep ing car met death - not a Hv'ng soul es caping. '1 ho I rhko w as not n aterially in ure I. and trains were so n running on regular schedule t Hie Am ng those killed was Miss Ophelia Moore o" llel na. Ar., and her mother was seriously injured. The M o.-os are piomiii' iit in social and lite ary circles in the rou tli. Anotlcr no'ed vb tim was the Bev. ,1. M. Sikes, gradu ate of the Southwestern Presbyterian Fniversity of t larksvillo, Tenn. Pr. Sikes had ju it been assigned to mission ary work in China, and was to have left for that countrv Sept.. 20. lie was mar ried. It Is b'lievod by some that malicious per sons spread the rails so that the train won d lea e the track and dah into the viadii 't. An east hound train had pass ed over fhe iaduct only au hour and a half previously. The Western Norih aro'ina Railroad extends from Sa'isbury to Point Bock, and is owned an I operated by the Rich mond and Danvole Uio Kainniuk'Ti. R ainvakf.us are comrufm nowaday nut Ohio comes to the front as usual with a new f . d. Some enterprising editors got together at Columbus and or ganized a campaign thun: er foi ndry 7'ofc fo (' mim rrciii'. Fhom the amount of ('.imago reported through eiessiv3 rainfalls it is gratify ing to be informed that the ep riments for nrtiltcial.y causing a down-pour are not satisfactory. It is well 1 1 ha e suf lio'cnt moisture, but those Hoods aro to b' dreaded, ToVdo If v. T.iAr man with th' rain-producer down in Texas, v hen ho trios to make a little local shower, creates a storm which covers 1,000 ji iiro mi e . lie has evi dently discovered no Improvement on ihe old plan of sending rain upon the just and unjust. -HosUm fr'foV. Titir rainmakers are wanted in cast em parts, In Con i client, in Westches ter ounty and elsewhere where the reservoirs and streams are low. This is a reasonable r- nest If rain can to made tho folk- who make it should b' willing to test tli- i r system upon places where success w.ll mean an Immediate goo It Diic Sciiiif '. Oi-.M-rn.w. Drill-xkoktii conti ines to explode dynamite and guniowder in the upper air of Tcss, and li s explosions continue to be followed by rain. S'ill the Texans r fuse to take much stock in Iiyrenforth, but rither put their faith I in an all-wise and overruling Providence, which sendcth tail in due season upon the just and upon the unjust, without ! .1. . ' . .... -r .. mo assistance 01 iwpiosne:. io,x,-orr hr.ifd. (Jkxkkai. n.'i:i:Konrn having evolv ed a thousand miles of rain with the ail of rackarock and oy hydregeii might, now turn his at tention to Rainmaker Mo bourne and enlist him for further experiments. Mr. Melbourne has been doing mete r -logical "st-ints" in a little backyard cubbyhole with a material that might be termed "rackamouth." and claims ail lb' rain that, has lately falen around Cincinnati. If a Pyrenforth kit or a dynamite bomb could put Mr. Mel bourne nearer the sources of rain supply we might look for a Noacbiau deluge. Brooklyn Citizen. Thi Kill-- r Whi cr . FMrF.itoii Wn.i.tAM has grown a I card and Covornor W'nans has shav. d his chin whiskers. There appears to be no accounting for the tastes of great men. Dftroit Trl'miie. A FiiEN'cu physician declares that Kaiser Wilbelm cannot, live two years, but the source of this opinion will pre--cnt. it from causing much flurry among the statesmen of Euro; e S:. J.imiH I'ost-LHsr.dtrh. The appearance of Emperor Wiiliam on the streets of Ilerlin on horseback on Sunday was a goo-l way to refute the sensational stories about h:s health The reason for his retirement on the royal yacht, "was that he was raising a beard, and, like a young man with his first mustache, was ashamed of it until it bad outgrown the api carUree of neglect of the barber. He is no a bearded u on arch. Qulncy WliUj. WHITENING FROSTS DESTROY MUCH OF THE NORTH WEST'S CROP. The Thermnmeler Gam Wh.t Itelow Frrer: Ing Iolnt M uch of Maiiitrlia'n Standing Grain It till tin on, and Will lie a Total Loan. Seven Hepr rs Helow lor.-erin. Tho reports which come from the North Dakota wheat fields are of a dis couraging characte . At Cooporstown, tlriggs County, tbera was a heavy freeze, ice forming a quar ter of an inch thick, bate grain Is cooked, and wheat in shock and in process of cutting is damaged. Tho thermometer reached the freezing point at midnight, an I at in in the morning stood at .'." degrees. Farmers generally had 1 laced st i:w on li e north side of the lields, and most everybidy sat up all night and tended their smudges, but it was of no use. for what li tie breeze there was came from the south and car ried the simil e in th wrong direction. About ,'." per tent, of the grain is in shock. The thermometers ran down to -s a several points iu Ramsey County, and ice was found on the heads of wheat in many lields Smudge tir s were not started until hit ' in the ti ght, and it i fear, d tin y did little goo I. About. .Vi eroer t. of the grain is cut in that r gion. Villages a'ong the northern border re port that ihe tempera!: re was in places not niiich above '.'e. It wash's at Pem bina. -4 at Uol o. ' i at Caudo, and .lo at St. John. It was cloi.dy, however, at tho last two points name I. .Manitoba rco irts are black. livery point in th" province shows that tlie tem perature was from ".- to '.'7. The wh 'at there is still in the milk, and a large pop outage of it wiil lw a total loss, tili.cr P.i i vmplo. North Da kota's groat wheat grower, said, on the condition of tlie crops, that he estimate'! the frost had destroyed about one seventh of tie entire wheat and cats crou in the 1,'ed Hivor Va'ley from 1 argi to the l'.rit sh possession. The last frwee would, of course, re lue the ligarcs, and he feared one sixth of tie- cr p would bo de-.-t roved. Cm the 11 glit of the lirst frost a :i-l alf of the wheat acreage had been untouched by the harvester. He siys that all the wheal u cut at that time ias had what is calhd a "Ira d" frost. This wheat wiil be e jually as good for milinx purposes as No 1 hard, but tho farmers will receive a grade lower. In explaining the action of the frost on tho uncut wheat lc; said the anion! of dam age would altogether dope d on the con dition of the wheat berry at the time of the frost. The wheat standing which had tume I to dough but had not 1 ipened would 1 ot bo materially injured by this severe frost. It would a ily result i:i ro;rii;at lis; the surface of the grain, which would destroy its brightness and cause it to l so a gra e. The wheat Pi the milk would be an ent re loss when ever there was a frost below :r.' degrees. The straw wou d turn to yellow and might d 'ocivo oven tho most experienced, farmer, but the grain wou'd never pass out of its milk state A Pulutli dispatch says: Hoard of Trade men received reports from North Dakota that frost seriously injured late sown wheat throughout the State, while letters about the prior frost indicate that more damage was done than had previously 1 eon estimated. A Church's Ferry, N. I)., report says: The thermometer registered 2x. Ice was found on the heads of wheat in many fields. Farmers tried smudge fires to a large extent, but some think they did not commence soon enough, some of them waiting t 11 almo-t freezing point before starting the files. About St) per rent, of the grain is cut, and half of tho balance is ripe. There is no frost at 1'ando or St dohn, but it was heavy at Kolla At St. Vincent, N. IV, it was 32 de grees, the same as the former cold snap, but there was apparently a much heavier frost- About 70 per cent of the crop is harvested. At Pembina, N. P., it was four de grees below freezing. All over Manitoba the damage is form idable. Tho thermometer was from two to live degrees below freezing all o.er the province. A great Quantity of tho wheat is still green. WONDERFUL RUN OF MINNEAP OLIS MILLS. The Output of a Week AcB'rcgated 185. 3 I'arrels if Flou-. Considering that over ,1.00;') barrels jaily capacity was idle, the Minneapolis mills made a remarkable run fora week. The output has probably not been equaled more than half a dozen times. The ag siegatc production was lS",c!S0 barrels averaging 3 ',SH7 bands daily, against 17:', 07: barrels the week b fore. 1 til, .6." barrels for the c 'ir s ending time in lS'.to, and !", 2'KI barrels in lssri. Nine teen mills wete in op ration, and they wero .'rinding at the rate of XI. "oo barr Is p r twenty-four hours. The millers are gradually in creasing too quantity of steam in use to make up for the deficiency in water power. Two or three mills which have no steam are being restricted in the use of vater, and matters will grow worse with them as the river gets lower. The mills, as a rule, are being operated- as strong as pos-ib'e, and were it not fori improvements in progress two morej would bo in th operative list The prospects of higher freight ratesi is still a stimulus for heavy work. Thel advance of 10 cents per barrel to the. seaboard which w as aniioniK cJ for' August has only part'y been enforced. f rome of the lines mak ng a rate of -7!'' rents per 10 pounds to New York and 1)2'.. to Hoston. Wise and Othfrwiso. Ik good and you "ill lie a curiosity. Nkvki: lo k a gift horse-pistol in the, muzzle. He who is always comp'ainini do serves to have good cause to lament Oxb is a setter of type ami the other' is a type of setter the conundrum isj obvious. It is not a lack of stone tint rs delay ing the Grant monument. It is a lackj 3f rocks. Kiwahi .1. S vxtir.ni ix. a negro liar-' ber of Denver, lias ac piired a fortune tj S':oo,im 1. Wiikx it comes to discharging a man. pvery employer likes to become his ownf shipping clerk It is sai l Ilia" the tomb of lo-orgc Sand and Ircr son offer a sad spectaclo' of forgetfulne-s Ik you don't tell what fSod is to you. It won't be long, until yor won't have, tnv thing to tell. Jkat.os s people love themselves mora than they do those whom tliey torture with their jca'ousy. "Hnixo up a child in the way he should 70," and then follow him and keep him' out of bad company. Crisi.F.D hair is better for padding' dresses than waddiug. It keeps itsj shape and docs not flatten. Mil. Worth says, anl we suppose he's authority, that bust'es, crinolins and! Jraperies are not to to revived. It Is not st-ango that very few men, know themselves inVnialely. M- st peo-i pie like to get rid of disagreeable ac-i jualntances.