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VOLUME I. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, THUKSDAY SEl'TKMIJER 10, ISM. NUMHEU 32 ALONG LAKE SUPERIOR SCENES AND TRADITIONS OF A ROMANTIC REGION. A Groat fpre.-vl or Countr Abounding In Xatunrf Stt a.iion -Tlia Da 1 of the St, Loai lu--retin.; lu.liau 1 -euil-i Work tuia Wuiidarinictf of tliw Kar.y t ach olic Mlssiouarie Tue loppor Jiiun. Superior's Sli r. Tho south shoro of I.ako Supetlor ran murh of it be regarded as unite like an unknown country, l'i luns iic Ann rica says It is 21)3 years s nco the first white man set foot there lie mot a crowd of Ojibway and Algonquin Indians, and five years later they ki led him. 'lhi two centuries and o er sl:.ce then ar a long time in Amo:i- a ; history, yet in all that time but little aboii. th s g cat in land sea has bee ; writteu The lake is 380 miles long ami l- ml os wide, and along tho south sin re arc scattered mas sive rooky walls, giant i-lirs. and dense forests, tho e-inai to a ything existing on the Atlantic eo.i-t . At tiie- extreme western o--.d of Lake Superior is St. Louis l ay, separated from the 'ako itself by a narr- w strip of land: or, more properly, two. ciil ed Minnesota and W iscmisin Points, form ing a natural liar of many mil. s in extent. It was first visi ed by li , i bod iften in p32, as nearly as h story records. Duluth. named after the noted From h man Pu Lhut, stanils oi tho north shore of the bay, at the extreme western end of the groat bain of lake;, 1,75) miles from Quebec and l,?i from ItulTa'o Its situation is picturesque. From a narrow beach abrupt hills rise to a height, of ,"no feet I'p' ii the summit, of the ridge thus formed an 1 on what mu't have, been th 'ormer level of the lake is a natural roa ihed inn to 25") feet w de, which local enterprise has transformed into Terrace drive. On the sides of the Intervening hills rests the city. Westward from Puluth are th" Pal'cs of the St. Louis. Here Nature Is hnrsh. rugged, and somier, tearing her way in - a water o-irse four r. iles lone, with a descent of 4'0 fert The banks arc formed o" odd pray ;lnt rcck:, clad j with an ample growth of bleak p ne, and : twisted, split, and torn into the wildest shapes. Throtich the dtsnnl chanr.el thus bordered the curre: t surges with terrific force. leading and oddy.ng and uttering a savage roar that the neighbor ing hills sullenly rovrberate- Fpon the south shore of St Louis Lay are tho two towns. West Superior .and Old Superior, with S iperior Pay on the east. An Indian legend relating to the hay is r t II related there. It appears that the Chlpewas Imagined the homo of the Fad Manitcu to be at tho gateway j to Superior Hay. l'eca se the currents of the aillj ,,f the 'akc conflict just there and keep the water constantly, though not violently, distuned, they fancied that the evil spirit kept house In or under the water Just at that point. They knew he made tiou le everywhere, and the unexplained distur' anc In the water wa-; therefore a certain sign that tills was where he li- ed In order to satisfy the demon they never pa-s-d that spot in their boats without dropping their valuaMcs into it as a pea e offer ing. To the south, within a tew hours' drive, arc the fails of the H'aek River, the Minnehaha of Wisconsin. ISO feet or more in height, and lust east of Su Ierior Station theNemaii Liver, a deep stream that fows into Superior Hay. The name was given by the Chippewa, and signifies " eft hand," mean ng tho river at the !eft hand as one enters the I ay from the lake. t till skirting along Superior's south ern border the Iron River, I ike Lake and White Ilay are crossed and Ashland is soon reached. Northward l'o what aro known as the Apost'e Islands. Father Mar-iuette. the central figure of lake country history, passed fomc time on one of them, now called Madeline Island. An antiquated Korran C.itholic chapel still stands at La 1'ointe. Ii was bui t of rough-hewn loei, and Is now used as an ad. unct of the newer struct ure. The chief object of Interest In the room is a famous old pitcher that hangs over the a tar. aad that Is only interest ing became of a tradition to t'ie effect that it was brought from France by tho adventurous priests whose real led them to this w.ld region. It Is not far to Michigan ar"l the, heart of tho Gogebic Iron range. The country 1 ere is 7.,o feet aliove Lake Su perior's level. Fish and gam e abound. Houghton and Hancock, "the twin cities of the (Htchie llummec," are lo cated on opposite si ! s of Portage Lake, which separates Keweenaw Point from tho mainland. Tho channel of Portage Lake is deep enough to admit the jas- THE GREAT CA E. CAT ISLAM). sage of the largest vessels; and, a these cities are In the heart of the great est copper region in the world, they arc the ports from which that product is shipped. Pre.-que Isle is the name of a high headland two mi'es north of the Mar quette. Its shores aro rugged, sand stone cliffs broken here and there by the .waves into fancifully formed cav erns, pil ars and arches This spot was once the site of a flourishing Indian vil lage of the Chippewa tribe. Of the scenic beauties that will be seen on the way the most striking are Iouglas T al s, tho great cave at Cat Is'ani, the Miner's Castle, Dead Kiver Fal s. and the cave at Presrjue Isle. A spot that should bo visited before leaving the lake shore is Mackinac, pro nounced ns though spelled "Mackinaw." Mack'nac Island lies like a broken link between I'pix-r and Lower Michigan. Around it in -et the waters of the two great lakes, Huron and Michigan, whoso level is SSI feet above the sea Ths island has suicient area to cause a Jour ney of nine miles in skirting Its shores. It is shaped as if it, had been made square, then some giant force had pulled each of its corners a little wa-.. It rises sheer a Kve tho translucent waters, a great plateau iOO to 3(0 feet In height, wooded luxuriantly and framed with a broad white beach. As is the custom with o'd vi laics wherever they ar.j seen, th? little orig in' settlement crouches at the. foot. of the bluff beneath the fort a stragg ing, pictures iuj settlement of shops and cot tages churches and hotels, facing the white strand and the marvclously clear water. As is also the custom with tho wiser planning of mankind to-day, the -far choicer .high, ground is being built upon with modern hotels and lovely i i villas. Up tbrro, also, is tho military J reservation of 103 acres, ana the re mainder has boon set apart by the Gov ernment Justly appreciating Its iiuiiuo attractions for a national f ork. Tort Mackinac wh'rh stands on a r.x'ky c mfnence Just above tho t-own, was built by the English In 170. The bulld fngs aro a hospital, outside tho wall and MINElt S CASTI.C. east of the fort; a guard-house, near the south gate; o:licers" quarters en the hill nrar the fiaestalT. quarters for the men in the ent.er, b ock-houses on the waLs. mazarine in the hollow, not far from tho south gate; store houses, offices, e'.c. There are persons yet living on the is'and who, during the troub'es of 114, took refugo in these self-same block houses. i .. ....... . r . i. t . i. . '. ill iiij ii-ui ui nit; i oi i i-. iiti; ptiiiioi; j t-,-i-,nt -iniOlifliinit irlinnX'firit I'lihorts ! pianfn bis guns ;n 1&12, whle ins wl:o:e force of Indians wa concealed in the adjacent thickets. Capt. Loberts dis embarked at Hritish Landing, marched IHU'C.r.AS FALLS. across the island, and took up h's station at this point without being discovered. Half or three quarters of a mile be hind Fort Mackinac, on the crowning point of the island, is Fort Holmes, built after the llritish captured the pot in 1812. The excavation encircling the embankment or earthworks was origin ally broader and deeper than now. The p'acj! of the gate is seen on the east side, one of the po ts yet remaining t mark its position. In the center of the fort was erected a huge block-house, be neath which was the magazine. Near the gate was the. ctitranco to several cellars, which hav; now caved in. His tory shows this fort to have been con sidered a very remarkable and formlda- i bio defense in Its time. Its old name I was Fort George, but wh 'ii It became an Anvricau possession it was r.-nam'd in honor of Ma1. Holmes, a hero who fell at Early's Farm. As far back a history begins to vie with traditions that reach into the dis tant past Mackinac island has been a place of great interest. A legend relat s that a largo number of Indians were once assembled at Poi::t St. Ignaee, and while intentlyga.tiig at the lising sun, during the. great Manitou or February moon, they 1,-ohoM the Island suddenly ! rise up from 1 piesent form. the water, assuming its From the point of obser vation it bo:e the fancied resemblance to the back of a huge turtle; he;.oe they called it by the name of Mas-die ue mac sing, which means a great turt'e The name, when p it int.i a French dress, be came Machilitr.a kinac, to be in tu.-n AHCn ROCK AT MACKINAC. ' 1 i ! J A. IEAO KIVEIl FAI.I.S. , .! i N. ii II illMil II II III , rb - .... again abbro-.iatod by the always prac tical English into Mat'ltTifac. In 1671 Fathr Ma'rqi-ctt pioneer and priosV wrote that-klipfma kinac is an island fa mnis iiH these regions, of more than a lenjrue'in diameter, and cletatcd in so'tffepjitcos by such high cliffs as. to'.bej&.ipore than twelve leagues .' off. ttdfJfthiBf. M arquette was . - ij. i.v-'r--.' .- . doubtloss the Crst white man to Ssit It, or at lea-t to dwell ujiou it. He estab lished a school on tho island In 1071 for the. education of the Indian youths, and so much was he attached to "the Straits" that when he died In ltl75 It was at his request his Indian converts brought his body back to the little mission estab lished by him at St. Ignaee. Tho first vessel over seen on these waters was the Griffin, built by the explorer La Salle on Lako Erie in 178. In lO'.i.1) Cadillac, who still later found ed Letrolt, csabll.-:hed a small fort hero. Then tho contests and skirmish' s, rot tinmingled with ma sacres, until finally Mackinac, with all the other French strongholds on the lake-, was surren dered to the English In Sep'omber, 1761. In 17i'3 began the conspiracy of l'ont'ac a coup de guerre wonderful for the f-a-gae.it y with which it wa-i p anned and the vigor with which It was cseeutod. A year afterward, a treaty of peace having been made with tho Indiaus, troops were again sent to raise tho En glish flag over the fort. The present fort on Mackinac Island was built by the En g'lsh in 1770. 15y a treaty of jeaoe be tween Groat Britain and the I'nltcd States Sept. .1, 17H3, the island fell with in the boundary of the United States, but tinder various processes tho En-llsh refused to wjthdraw their troops, lly a second treaty, concluded Nov. IP, 17 '4, it was stipulated that the British sliotrld withdraw on or before .luno 1, 1717. Two companies of Tinted States troops arrived iu October. l"Ci and took i os sesslon, a previous treaty with the Indi ans having secured from them the po t During the war of 1SU' the Is'and was again surrendered to the llriti-h. After the victory of Commodore Perry on Lake I'rie in llH an effort wa made to recap ture it, but the troops sent were lnsnl'ti- j oient in numbers, and not until 1814 was the American fla? again hoisted over the Gibraltar of the lakes. In savage minds Mackinac's suierb position was appreciated, then the mis sionaries made it their chief pulpit, i!0.xt civilized warfare made it a coveted stronghold, later it became a commer cial center. This was when the fur f trade was carried on by John Jacob Astor. Mr. Astor organized tho Ameri can Fcr Company, with a capital of S?,tK)f,00a The ot'.ttost of the company were scattered throughout the wholo West and Northwest. This Island was the great central mart to which tho goods were brought from New York by way of the lakes, and from Quebec and Montreal by way of the Ottawa. Lako Nipissing, and French Liver. From t h i-3 point they were distributed to all tho outjosts. while from all the Indian coun tries the furs were annually brought down to tho island by the company's agents, whence they Wert. solit to New York, Quebec, or to Europe. This com pany was organized in lon and contin ued to do business until ls-is MRS. SUSAN C. COOKE. Tito Xew Secretary of llie Women's Hoard of the World's Fair. Mrs. Susan (t. Cooke, who has been officially appointed to take Phrbo C'ouzins' place as Secretary of the 1'oard of Lady Managers, is a very rajiid worker, clear-lieaded and ex peditious, and in addition to thofe qualities is exceedingly patient and sweet-tempered. 8 he was born in New York. Her father was Dr. George Spaulding Gale, one of the most prominent surgeons of Vermont, and her grandfather, also a native of Vermont, was one of the heroes of 1812. Her mother was allied MIIS. SfsAN O. COOKE. to one of the oldest families in New York and possessed much intellectual al ility. Mjs. Cooke was educated in New York City and shortly after grad na'ion married Siduev K. Cooke, a member of tho New York Stock l'.x change. They moved to Knox-villej Tenn., and Mr. Cooke died there in ln,s:. Mrs. Cooke has had much ex perience in charitable work and for several years was one of the managers of the Brooklyn Orphan Asylum. She is a woman of wide cnltijre and with a winning gentleness." She has a quick sense of humor and is an interesting conversationalist. She ha-s also the faculty of adjusting difficulties with out resorting- to' heroic methods and promoting-' the ends of peace and har mony. Hie,- Will. Not Toueli ( iiHtor OA. Xo sort vt bird, beast, or creeping thing will tork'h a castor-oil plant. It seems to be a ra ik poison to all the animal world. Even a goat will starve before biting off a leaf, ar.d a horse will sniff at it and turn Tip his upper lip as though. it had the most detest able odor on 'the 'face- of the earth. Army worms and the locusts will pass it by, though they may ea$ every other green thing in sight, ami '.there is no surer way to drive moles away from a lawn than to plant a few castor beans here and there. Even the tobacco worm- will refuse to be fed on its leaves. The;e is hardly another in stance in natural history of a plant being so universally detested by the animal world. Globe-Democrat. "There are born liars as well as born poets," but the former comes easier to a man. EQUAL RIGHTS TO ALL. LOYALTY TO PARTY A THREAD BARE SOPHISTRY. Extracts From a Letter l)y !Ion. J. O. Koarby, of Te--v;s, HopI.vis to an Invita tion to Dollvr:- an Aililvcst liefoio tlio Alliance at DalUm. The industrial and producing classes have been plundered and oppressed jy cIrss and vicious legislation for twenty-five years. A mistaken party fealty, boru of local mid sectional prejudices, has stood as a pillar of fire in tho pathway of all reform; this is being rapidly dissipated by intelligent, thoughtful inquiry and investigation by the masses. All men know and ad mit that there never was a time iu the history of the world's civilization, that there were so many very rich men, eo many very poor men; the acquisition of fabulous wealth has been made easy to the few by prostituting the func tions of government. Party tmccosa has been, and is, tho achievement of money, corporate wealth, and the mael illations of schem ing politicians; in all this, patriotism, the public good and the interest of the many, is completely lost. The indus trial and producing classes have hith erto taken but little interest in the country, have voted their party aflili;i tions, rejoiced with party sncceas and mourned with .rty defeat. Hut ex perience has taught us that the trans planting of one party by another brings no changes i:i the general con dition of the country, tho rich con tinue to grow richer, and the poor, poorer; here and there some changes in office holders, a republican displaced by a democrat. New men appear at "court," but no substantial reforms aro inaugurated. Extravagance, licen tiousness in public affairs, favoritism, bonds, national banks, tariff, dear and scarce money, corporate wealth end Influence still abide with us. There exists throughout the land a universal and irreconcilable discontent, a feeling of unrest ; burdens are multiplying, labor goes unrequited, distress, want and penury prevail everywhere; aggre gated corporate capital controls com merce, the value of products of indus try, the price of labor"; these conditions are the direct result of party policies; the peopls in their majesty must bring about the reforms desired, thev must restore this government to its primeval equalities, thev must shape and make operative policies that will alike foster and protect capital and labor, produc tive industry must no longer be de pendent upon trusts, corporations and combined capital for its remuneration. The fostering government protec tion, hitherto given to wealth, must be withdrawn, or extended to in dustry, to labor, to the people. Tho industrial and productive class es constitute about seventy per cent, of the voting population of the nation, they represent all of the creative wealth of the nation, they represent eighty per cent, of the consumption of the country; yet they have less than five per cent, representation in the administration of the affairs of the government. For twenty-five years the farmer and the laborer hfus, with implicit submis sion, intrusted government policies to party, every party platform during that time has been pregnant With promises of reform, alternate party suc cess has produced ro reform, no change, but gradually and surely has our condition drifted into intolerable oppression, to classes, to conditions of dependencies, of servitude, of poverty. But the people are admonished that their safety lies in their loyalty to party; a sophistry so threadbare ought not to deceive a fool. Have you not trusted, and have you not ex perienced disappointment. What ser vice has party rendered that it should command the homage of the people. The democratic party is, and has been, in all its history, replete with nega tions, first resisting, then tamely ac quiescing, it Tails, rants nml scolds, but as never inaugurated or achieved a reform. Strong in its protestations against tne iniquities ot t lie republican, party, but weak in resistance, weak in achievements. No conditions created by republican rule have been disturbed by demo cratic policies. The bonded debt, a a financial cruelty, has been repeated ly refunded by democratic votes. Na tional banks, the creature f republi can devotion to moniod auto, rats, have been repea'edly recharteivd by demo cratic votes. Protective lariff, the great republican thief that purloins from the poor to make the rich richer, has been temporized wi;h by demo cratic votes, looking to five per cent, reductions, thereby legalizing the most stupendous system of robbery that ever disgraced our liberly or our civilization. 1 it-based silver, the price of shaimipHs republican loyalty to eastern gold bugs, has by democratic votes been repeatedly dishonored, and has never yet, and never will be, fully restored to its dominion as the money of the people, by democratic olieies. New policies must be forged and new men placed to the front, to test their practicability and u:;. fulness. Every new or reform movement may expect to encounter democratic opposition, becanao the scope an. I f ill measure of democratic usefulness is resistance, negation; republican opiosition be cause their nll.'gi nice is to capital and corporate power, because they are the legitimate-progenitors of the financial policies and the class legislation that has produced the want, beggary, un easiness and unrest, that hangs like a Vpall of -darkness" over this land. I know but li tie of the sub-treasurv. scheme. I learn da' it promises tho people money issued by the govern ment, upon their land and other prop erty as securitv; while present poli cies only promise the people money nvon a government bond as security. If it be ono of the functions of govern ment to issue tho people money upon any kind of security, I can't see why laud O' cotton should not be as availa ble as a bondji If it be ono of the functions of government to take as se curity for its revenue a barrel of whis ky and store in a house owned -or maintained by the government, why not take a bushel of corn or wheat for the same purpose? : pemsgogues ory out, "One is paternalism, the other is statesmanship." The one they say makes beggars and- dependents of us, while the other makes -roval and patri otic citizens tho one they say will give us a depreciated and worthless ourrency, while the ot' r gives us a currency so valuable and so scarce that the people can not obtain a suf ficiency of it to secur"e a comfortable living. These are the moanings of the the royal and select few, who are lux uriating in government favor. Their bond will be shorn of its fictitious value, when the gonoral government will accord to a thousand dollars worth of land, of cotton, or of other product, tho same quality that is ac corded the bond. The sub-treasury bill may or may not be what is wanted. This, however, 1 do know, that the ex igencies of the times demand some thing; gnawing hunger will not bo stayed by fancy disquisitions upon de preciated currency, technical quibbles upon consti'ution.il law, empty pride, or that crowned heads will look vith disfavor upon our money. What care we for all Europe? "Vide alien land law." I still adhere to the doctrine mat tnis government should issue in sufficient volume all the money needed by tho people. Money is tho creature of the government, and no industry should be permitted to perish for want of it in a country with such abundant resources as ours. Democrats say farmers and laborers are all right, so long us they hold their alliances and labor leagues iu the democratic camp. The republican says you aro very proper persons, eo long as your organizations aro held upon re publican camp ground. Tho moment, however, you begin to or anize for mutual protection, and tl eaten to secure it by setting up shop for your selves, by housekeeping upon your own responsibility, by daring to have convictions and policies of your own, then you become fanatics, communists anil traitors. The day of lii'iingstate prejudice and blind humility has passed. Men and women are thinking, and before another twelve months they will be acting for themselves. Why not? To whom does the government belong? Who supported it in war? Who nur tures it in peace? The people, the masses. If wrongs exist, let themriso in their majesty and correct them. Take all that is good, just and patri otic of democratic and republican pol icies and from it mold an administra tion of law, of justice, of moderation and of equal rights that will restore original purity, prosperity, happiness and contentment. 1 would therefore bid godspeed to every farmer organi zation and every labor organization, that has for its purpose the ameliora tion of present contli'ions; the relief of the great body of American citizens" from their oppression ; tiiat promises reform in government policies; that promises to retrench and restore us to nonesi mei.iotts; tnat promises a gov ernment for tho people "Equal rights to all and special privileges to none." THE CONTRACT WAS CHANGED. I.ik All V.. . 1". I'ajMTs tho T.K-k.l :ij ital" Is I'tircfil to !isi:ite History to Make an Ai-guiiienl. It is plain to see why the Farm or wants a vast increase of poor money, however. It states that by decreasing the volume of money creditor., have made debtors pay on a higher money standard than that on which the debt was contracted. This it denounces. If it were true, that the volume of money or even the volume per capita had diminished there would be force aud reason in its denunciation. It would have been infamous and disrep utable iu this government to have per petrated such an outrage on the debtor as to change the value of the debt to his disadvantage. The government did not do it. Put the Fitnurr wants the government to perpetrate precisely this injustice on the creditor. It in sists upon an enormous increase of the volume of money on the most worth less basis possible, in order to make the debt far less valuable than when contracted. This is what Daniel Web ster, whom the Xniioiial Fcimoin i.- t loves to quote, characterized as "pre cisely bo much property taken from one mati and given to another by leg islative enactment." Topcka (Kan.) Cajiitn I. Put the contract was- changed. Anil it was done deliberately, with full knowledge of the dreadful consequence to follow. The trensury officers, from the beginning opposed the permanent use of the government paper money, and as soon as the vur ended, the "currency" was called in as fast as possible to the extent of 800,000,000 in round numbers, by the end of 180!t. The subject was discussed in congress, committees reported upon it, and many oblo speeches wen1 delivered during the pendency of bills proposing to substitute gold for paper in the pay ment of debts contracted when paper was the only money in use among the people and the only money in contem plation of parties to the contract. Sen ator Jiherman, as chairman of the sen ate committee on finance, reporting a bill in relation to the currency and the public debt, December 17, 18U7, among other things, said : "The action of congress upon these subjects (currency of different values) affects the value of all property in the United States; the reward of labor; the income of the rich ; the wages of tho joor; the pension of the widow; the enterprise, and thus touches the home ami heart of every person in the United States." Speaking on the same subject ("see 4'on'jrrs-nioiial (Holie, Jan. '27, 18(5'J, page 20, Senator Sherman said: 'Practically, any law requiring a resumption of specie payments, is a law adding to the amount of a cur rency debt the full depreciation of the currency, unless you either scale the debt or allow the parties to adjust the matter between themselves. All contracts to pay money are con tracts for tlie delivery of gold, and the contract to pay an indefinite amount of gold, depending upon the uncertain depreciation of the currency at the time of payment. Put the distress caused by an appreci ation of the currency falls mainly upon the debtor class; others suffer only by reason of their inabilit y to pay. What does specie payments mean to a debtor? It means the -payment of $135 where he has agreed to pay $100, or, which is the same thing, the payment of. $100 where he- agreed to pay $74. Where he hajfpurchased property and paid onedlpurth of it, it means the loss of the property'; it means the addition of one-fourth to all currency debts in the United States. A measure to require a debtor now to pay his debt in gold, requires, him to pay 135 bushels of .wheat when he agreed to pay 100, and if this appreciation is extended through a period of three years it requires him to pay an-interest of 12 per cent, in addition to the rate- hfe has agreed to pay."- ;- : That was in January, 1869. Two months later the act to strengthen the public credit was passed, making all currency contracts gold contracts, and the next year the funding was passed, putting all our currency obligations into gold bonds. It the Capital editor would enjoy reading- more matter like that above quoted from Senator Sher man he can find a great d jal of it by referring to the debate of con great about that time. And Senator In galls' speech, February 17, 1878, ii good reading in the same line; alsc that of Senator Plumb, delivered onh two years ago, and still another lasi Juno. Kansas Fanner. Our Wheat Market. Selling wheat for future delivcrj at has been done during the few weeki that have passed is a new feature foi the farmers, says the Oregon Allianct lfcrnl'l. It is a question that is hare to rightly understand, when wheat speculators come into the world's mar kets, as has been done this season, and engage wheat in such quantities then is an object in view, and that object may bo for the purpose of supplying present demands, thereby keeping prices down until the bulk of tht wheat has passed out of the producer'i hands. There is no reason why wheat should be cheaper now than two mouths ago. Strange, but this occurs every year at harvest time. The wheat speculators have complete con' rid of the telegraph communications and regulate prices tc unit themselves; supply and demand cuts no figure in the case. It is authen tically reported tin t one-third of th people of Europe live on, at most, hall bread rations, there being a bread and money famine with them. It is the monopolistic, kings that constitute the conspiracy that runs the price up and down. They so manage when the pro ducts are in. the Lands of the farmers to run the price down, anil when in the hands of moneyed robbers, thev run the price up. as was reported through the press of the Pacific coasl that one firm hail cleared SjOO.OOO and another $100,000 out of wheat specula tion during IStlO. During the fall of that year specu lators and railroads combined tocreatt a blockade, which was accomplished, and that for the purpose of riddling the producers of this country out ol their hard earnings. Did those editorf who suck the monopolistic teat tell the farmers how the thing was being done: No, they were not built that way. Pul whea the farmers combined to try and keep from being robbed, those one sided quill drivers raise the cry "un constitutional! unconstitutional! un constitutional!" "The conspirators what a monopoly the farmers are!' The same game is being played this fall. The speculators will make the money; the farmers continue to do the work. If the tillers and toilers con tinue to let the few have charge of the money supply, car supply, telegraph and intelligence supply, they need not look for a change in prices for then benefit. Their onlv hope is to oomt forward and demand their just deserts by putting men into the legislative halls that will legislate for the manv instead of the few. internat ioual Capitalism. In spite of the crop failure in 1800 the foreign commerce of the United States during the fiscal year just ended exceeded the amount recorded in anv previous venr, savs The Vopc. Hv starving the labor which under the most unfavorable conditions produced an ample supply of necessaries and luxuries, onr plutocrats managed tc ship abroad a surplus valued at $884, 000,000, in exchange for which they bought from foreign plutocrats the similar surplus of other countries to the amount of 8 15.000.000, leaving an apparent balance of SsH'.l.OOO.OOOin theii favor. We say "apparent," for it was not real. Tho fact is that if the freights earned by foreign vessels on our im ports and exports, the expenditures ol our wealthv absentees and excursion ists on the European continent, the interest and dividends on the invest ments of foreign capitalists in America, and various otiier items are taken into account, we find that this country last vear must have contracted debtsabroad to the amount of at least $200,000,000; or, ttj be more correct, American prop erty to that extent, consisting chiefly iu stocks, ionds. real estate and indus tries, was transferred to foreign hold' ers. Such is, then, the wholo results of a whole year's indefatigable labor applied to the natural wealth of this continent. To the uninitiated this mechanism of international. exchange, through which the labor of one country is made to sustain the idlers of another besides sustaining its own, may seem incomprehensible. Put nothing is simpler when understood, and the full understanding of it will repavthc time anil trouble given to its study. Co!Jax (II ash.) tuinimmer. His Honest Convictions. John Sherman, who has gone to Ohio to "build a barn," before he went over to the gold-bugs and joined the conspiracy to rob the people of their hard-earned wealth, used the following words in a speech in the senate. "If the contraction policy advocated by the gentleman becomes a law, the privileged classes only will be bene fited by it. The capitalist out of debt, a salaried officer or an annuitant, but to all other classes it will prove a pe riod of loss, danger, lassitude of trade, fall of wages, suspension of enterprise, bankruptcy and disaster. To attempt this (contraction policy) is to imposo upon tho people by arresting them in the midst of their lawful business and applying a new standard of value to their properly aud would be an act of folly without a parallel of evil in mod ern times." A few months since the secretary of the treasury went into market and purchased millions of dollars of bonds at a high premium to save "short" Wall street gamblers from the legiti mate results of their speculations, and it seems to be generallv admitted that that $50,800,200 of 4 per cent, due September 1 will, at the request of bankers now holding the notes as a basis of circulation, be extended in definetely at a rate of '2i or '2 per cent., notwithstanding the demand of every industrial organization in the United States that the national debt be paid off as speedily as possible. Can any one doubt that Wall street dictates the financial policy oi this country ? low a Tribune. - . Turn on the Itoso. The government can guarantee loans for railroad corporations and pay the interest beside; it can loan its credit to national banks and furnish them money without, interest; it can take the liquid damnation of the distiller, issue deposit cheeks for what his trust says it is worth, and give him time on his taxes; bnt to issue warehouse cer tificates on the farmer's corn or cotton would be unconstitutional. Western Advocate. Persons with divining rods are search ing for ancient Spanish gold, supposed to be buried i.i the banks of the Ohio, near New '-l;a;iy. FLYING FROM JUSTICE. , IC. 3f nsrave l-ViiHtrateti ill His I'lan to . Set-nre !!ji.'tO,000 Insurance. Tiio Musjravo mystery at. Terre Ilato, Ind . has been solved. The man who would have the world hello. e him lea i is alive and well in Chicago. I harles M. Trou.. the youtitr real r-tate ilea er who was strong y suspected of coiup icity In tlie eonsjiii a -, cot: fessed ai at tin: Coroners intiuest and wa placed under arte.-t for arson, perjury. and conspiracy to defraud. l iederlck 1-. Markle, h other-inia w to the fugitive real estate dealer, set the ball rolling, lie is a citizen of repute. and he had too much on h's mind about this case. It troub'oi him, ami when he wa- called before tl.e Coroner he made up his mind to tei a 1 he knew. Alter he had told his sf-ry the police took Trout into custody. When he learne i that Mark e had exposed the cons; iracy lie wcakeiico, and then lie also went before the (or itier. In a room closei t i all sive the police o."- cia s l rout was lor t wo hours the most upreme objei t of interest lie wits de. ected to a nimble deirn-e and he w;iS iu an intense state of nervous as tat'on." The story of the desperate attempt to swindle the in urance companies bv this fiiRitive former with NWioo on his life is sensational iu the extreme .Musjjra ve, a"cordinti to both witnesses, is now hid ing in ( hicaso und -r the alias of T tl. Thornton. .Mark.e cave the fugitive's whereabouts ;i ,3i.'i Iterke'e .- avenue md Trout gives ii as "4.'ic st i av.rence ivenue. .lust how this liiscre; ancy o curs is not apparent. ,lai l;,o is married l .Vu grave s sister and the latter was tir aiiy agitated, believing her broili r had re.-il.y met a terrible f;.t '. A few days after the loa cabin fi-e i rout con fided to Markle that Musgrave was really alive, ami that it w.s just a scheme of his tint he was working As Musyrave had hot rowed ' l!0 i from Mai kle. wh'eh t he lat er n -eded badly, he pot Mnsgrave s address from 'Ir.-ut, and f;oin 1 1 Chicago saw him near ti e Oakland Hotel, at Drevel and Oak wood loulevurds Mu?grave was tie. illy sur prised to sc.: h in. Markle wan cd to kt.ow what object : e la! iu a-'in: in this manner, in l.eeomin r a fu itlo on the face o. the earth o .ee more, as i," one exp'-rien: e was not omei.h for him. aid Musarave ans.veied that he wanted the insurance Markle to d him he coii'd not hop" to escape, as detectives wer-' everywhere on his track, and the fugitive said if h ! only had S"o : he oul t make his way in safety to l-liiglaiid Mu.-grave aid him Slo on account. Ho did h t seem to ha .e much im ney, and his appearance was changed, according to Markle, so that he could scarcely be recognized, although he was not iu any manner d s guise.i. V. usgrave wanted to set? him again next morning, but Markle did not to back Musgravc told him in the con versation that the remains found In the cabin were those of a skeleton he had houtht August l:.' at St. Louis. He paid $10.) fur the skeleton. It was shipped August H to t hicago in the name of T. It. iturnham. Trout's story, giving the way in which the (.hastly scheme na worked, was de cidedly thrilling. Mus.'rave lone ived the idea of Insu ing his life heavily and then disapi earing, and he elici ted $30.- 000 insurance on his life -MO.t.O t in tho I'nlted S'ates Mutual Accident, 5,Kifi in tin: -1-itna. and I",ooo in two 1 ther com panies. He made ?2, 000 j ayable to hi mother, Mrs. ar.-.h Musarave, .",ooo to his unmarried sister Anna, and Si "too to Miss Catherine McLaughlin, of Minneapolis, Minn., to whom he was en gaged to lie married. He and 'I rout had a conference at Chicago Aug. 0, and two weeks later they met at Hillsdale. The Friday night before the fire Musgrave and Trout returned to Terre Haute from Hillsdale, the former carrying the box containing the skeleton, a box about a foot square and two feet long, across the prairie to the cabin. Musgrave took up his nbode In this lonely hut early Satur day morning It was asreed as t art of tlie scheme that Trout should work some prominent Knights of Tythias friends of Musgrave to visit him at the cabin so as to establish loncluivelv that he was there. Th's Trout successfully aceom nllshed. Sunday ircht Musgrave and Trout took the skeleton out of tl.e box to ar range it for the cremation I rout savs that when Musgrave saw it he shivered and could no' do anything', t-o Trout said: "This thing has gone too far to go back now," and ho arranged the skeleton himself in the straw on the bunk and placed the Knights of Tythias emblem bearing Mugrave's name and addn ss m ar it Then Musgrave firei the cabin. It was really his tracks that the farmers trace i to tins cornfield. Musgrave waited until he saw that the fire had a good start, and then he cut acro-s the prairie and caught the north-hound train for Chicago. Tro-.-.t had started for Terre Haute before th- hut was fired. All that was left to burn besides the skeleton was Musgrave s valise, specta cles and Knights of Pythias badge. It was going to leave his shoes, hut Trout ublected. saving that it would create suspicions to buy a new pair at Tecum seh or Terre Haute. - Trout says the mistake that was made was iu not leaving his Miocs and the buttons of his pants. J he skeleton was ie,e such as is used In museums, s rung together by catgut. Trout is the most dejected mortal on earth, and he takes his arrest verv keenly. betective Schumacher, of Clrcago. thinks the letter from Musgrave s sister to Trout e.-eral days after the tire which was intercepted by the po ire and published, In which she asked about in terest on money in Hudnut's bank, was a cipher messa e. There was 1.0 money in that bank or any other. Immediately after Trnut's confession Chicago officers were not'fied. At 435: LVrkelcv avenue lives a Mrs. Mary .1 Jones, a widow, with her two daughters and son. They do not know Thornton or Musgrave, or anyone answering to his description. There is no such num ber as T4.li St. Lawrence street. The nearest approach to it in fact, the nly house on that side of the street for three blocks is 7414. and the gentleman who lives there says he never heard of Mus grave. The addresses given by Markle and Trout aro probably fictitious. Of VagHtiiK Intcr I- proportion to its size Colorado Springs is probably the richest town in the tinted Statc-s. One single street contains the residences of twenty-one millionaires. At the Iebanon. 1'a., railroad station a man who had dropped a nickel in tlie s!ol was holding his hand for a cake of chocolate, but instead a live mouse was deposited in his palms. Each minute, night and day, by the official reports, the I'nited States collects Si'i'. and spends S4G1. Tlie interest on the public debt was $!h; a. minute last year, or just exactly e.jual to the amount of silver mined in that time. Xf.iv Yohk. according to the best judge, now has a Hebrew population of 225,000 to 250,000 souls. It is the center of Judaism in the world. It contains more of tlie Israelites than all of rales tine. Qvekx VicTout a's favorite dogs, about forty in number, ar-5 beins photi graph ed at the royal kennel, near W.ndsor Castle. The animals consist of Pome ranians, collies fox-terriers aud dachs huuds. . CURRENT COMMENT. The World's Fair Abroad. The Fair will be worthy of tho whole American people, tiihraltar Chronicle. It 's likely to prove the greatest show on earth. Weymouth, fr.ng.) southern Times. Our industries must be splendidly rep resented at the gn at Kxposition. l'aris, France, La l.ibertc. Our American const s are nowhere un less they do things 0:1 a magnificent scale. Manawaut, India. Herald Lor llie Kxposition in Chicago, the olicla's are agitating in truly American style Kiga, lluss'a. Ihina eitnng. F.uropean visitor will find the Kxposi tion. like the city itself, destined t be a marvel. l'aris (France) Figaro hicago lias abundance of accommo dation for all the visitors to ihe World's Fa r. Xeweas: le t Kngland C hroniele. To such as s ek fo.- information. the Fnited States Consul will gladly for ward their na:uo$. Melbourne (Aus tralia! Argus. There are signs on every side that by !"'.: t hicago will be well prepared for the enormous influx of- visitors. lon- don Daily News iher.; is every pro-pect that the World's Kxpostion in Chicago will be the biggest ever held l.eval, Uussia, Ki va'sche eitung. A most complete participation of tier man industry in the hicago Kxposition is imperative. Wurhurg (Clermanyi Xeue Wnrzliurger .eitung. The World's lVIumbia-1 Exposition promises to he the greatest and most irnMrtant of all such events bareelios (Portugal 1 Foiha da Manha. The World's Coluinbia'i Kxposition will olfer to the foreign visitor a colleo tio'i of marvels without precedent Co stantiiiople Levant Herald The participation of Axerica, En gland, France ani Ciertnany practically guarant 'es the success of the E. posi tion. Stockholm (Sweden) Aftonbladet. The preparations for a proper repre sentation of Oermany at the World's K.xpo-ition ca n.ot be begun to early. Iterlin (CJermauyl Nord Deutseb Al ge tne'ne Zeituug. No other civ in the republic possesses such possibilities of carrying out to a successful end so enormous an enter prise as Chicago Havana (Cuba! Hole tin oniercial. The Kxhihiti m will provide a mart wherein he who has anyth ng destined forth-' use of man can show it to the world at once. OeorgetowH (Femerara. Hritish Oulauai Pally Chronicle. The elaborate preparations which aro being made for the World's Fair, to be held at C hicago in give promise of that Kxposition being equal to any which the world has yet seen Dundee (Scot Ian 1 Courier. W hile the government, remains faith ful to its dciared intention of not officially puricipating in any worhl's ex position, yet it announces its intention, so far as may be possible, of assisting exhibitors. Milan, Italy, Corriero de la S' rra. The World's Columbian Kxposition will be a cosmopolitan university in wh t h each nation will be a wiling pupil, and in which every article exhibited will be an object lesson for the benefit of all mankind. l a Fstrella de Panama. Balmadfda's Downfall. The ChiHan war is oxer. Xow for a new administration and a new war. Minneapolis Tribune. In the civil war, as in tin? conflicts with her 'neighbors, the hillan soldier has shown himself tire best fighter in South America. Pittsburg Commercial tia.ette. This is, in a sense, a triumph of tho people over tho dictatorial powers as siin.ed by the Pres dent. How far it ts a triumph of the peop e yet remains to be seen. Philadelphia Telegraph. Chi i is r -deemed, and by th - prowess of her own people, and she is at once to assume her rightful place as the most p:otnfs'n!r of all the South oreven Spanish-American republics Memphis Com mercial. 'i he fall of Italma -i da uts an end to the Chilian insurre tion, but this only gives the c hiliaus a chance to show that they have outgrown Government by pro nuueiamento tempered by assassination- St. I ouis Post Dispatch. If the t ongressionai party now takes a sensible course and gives the coun try a liberal and progressive government the verdict of the future historian will rank them with the popula- benefactors of the world. Milwaukee Journal. The hope of the civili'.ed word is that peace will now come soo:i to a cou-itry whose people are too brave to slaughter each other, and whoso position among the nations lias been to 1 praiseworthy to be sacrificed bv civil feud. Plica Hera'd. The time has come to recognle tlio congressional party Those who of late were tebels are now iu control. The recognition by Franco of Am-rican in dependence after the battle of Saratoga furnishes a fairly pool 1 recedent Ibiffalo News. Palmaceda was a brute, a dictator, a desjierate trickster, and ruled like a des pot lie p'ayert a desperate game, but failed to take the trii k. The common people of t liili are again in power. All lovers of good government will reloiie at Ilalniaccda's overthrow. ltlooming ton Leader. The defeat of P.almaceda is a victory for popular rights and a defeat for on -manpower. The victors will no doubt organize the government again on the principles for vh:ch they too' up arms, and it will not be longb fore tram.uil ty and prosperity will settle upon the peo ple Milwaukee News. The "insurrectionists," as they have been called, were not only the repre sentatives of the people but the part v of constitutional government Halmaceda was merely a usurper who violated all forms of law ani trampled down all co.i stitut'ona' restraints upon his arbitrary power Nashville American. Naturally the new government will feel a little awry toward t e Fnited States because of the I tat a incilent, but in tho cool ictlection following the hlo dy scene of war, even those who have all along been called insurgents must ap prove tiie course th.; Fnited Stat -s has pursued In niaintain'ng a strict neutral ity. Cinci inati Times-Star. The Concessional party has been looked upon as a rebellion, but now that It has defeated the other side it will bo recognized as the real government It was ti the Congre-sional 1 arty that the gunboat Itata belonged which our Go -ernment sei.ed. and tlifs may after all prove to be a bone of contention which will require careful adjustment. Hus ton Itccord. Tho triumph of the Congressional party is tho success of representative government against absolutism, and every American ought to re.'oicc in it. The result is most fortunate for Chili, for however corrupt a Congress m iy be it still retains the theory of representa tion based on the will of the people. m while the dictatorship can on. y exi t by the suppression of the will of the people. St Louis Republic. From the beginning ths sympathy of the world has been with the Consres s onal party or revolutionists. They have repre entod constitutional govern ment, while President Halmaeocla has stioi for dej otism ani one-man power in its most extreme and offensive form. The overthrow of that autocrat will make the role of tyrant and dictator a little less attractive to ambitious men in the South American republics. St. Lou's Globe-Democrat.