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-it t c ( lTV 1 1 JIT a -tttnti n rr T-rr i' NUMBER 33 VOLUME I. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 17, 1891. PEOPLE ARE IGNORANT NO LONGER, BUT ARE ORGAN ISED IN SELF PROTECTION Against the Mandate Formulated by Corrupt Corporations and I ndomed by the "Tramp Factory" at Washington Are Moil and Know It, Helen Wilmans, well known as- one of the ablest writers in the reform movement, writes a lengthy article in JVilman's E.rpress, of Douglusville, Ga., from which the following is taken : Twenty years ago I was awakened to a full comprehension of tho wrong being perpetrated on the people by tli9 rulers of our nation, and the tem per of me rushed to a white heat, and has never cooled since. But notice this: I was not more angry at the rulers who sought to make slaves of the people than at the people who were servile enough to stand it. And it was in those days that I wrote that fiery article so often quoted by the reform papers from that hour to this an article in which I said that "He who takes a kick de- j serves it." But now I know that though the people took the kicks, they did not deserve them; because they were not servile but only ignorant of their own worth and their own power. Since that time there lmsbeen going on a thoroughly systematized course of education among the masses, and at last they understand their position and dignity; and where is the man who dares to administer a kick to them now? "Bettei a mill stone was fast ened to his neck and he be sunk in the depths of the sea." Before the people became aroused by the education of the reform press they did not know they had any rights that a rich man or a corporation was bound to respect. They took the ad vice of their preachers and ate their bread usually without butter in It u viility, believing it was God's will that they should work hard and have noth ing, so that their reward in heaven might be greater. .So peculiar are the terms of this gospel scheme, it might as well have been gotten up by monopolists in their own favor as by God. It gave heaven here on earth to the rich; with a first-class chance of death bed re pentance and heaven hereafter. To the poor it gave a most potent hell here; a hell so throbbingly virulent as to destroy before death almost every vestige of soul a man has, with no bettershow for heaven afterward than the rich. If these be the mercies of - Gfld, we had better organize in self protection against them. One thing certain, we have organ.-. ize,d in self protection against the mandates formulated by corrupt cor- porations and endorsed by the mam moth "tramp factory'' at Washington; and if the political world in its revolu- tion on its axis does not swing to suit us better between now and the 22d of next February, we are going to cut the hame strings and drop the harness off the two old parties and turn them loose on the direct road to Pandemo nium, where they have been trying to lead the people for so long a time. They will get there, but the people will not. On the very brink of hell wo have called a halt. Not one step farther will we bndge in that direction. Thanks to the reform press ; thanks to those noble, self'sacrificing editors who without money, and at times al most without hope, and against the wishes and irithont the help of those for whom they were working have kicked the lid off the pot of hell broth brewed for us by the politicians of the old parties, and exposed its poisonous contents to the public gaze until the dullest and deadest man among us has turned in deep disgust away from it Thanks, I sav, to those men, for I know them. I have been with them. I recall one time on the old Pacific Greenbacker when we editors, tvpos, and tho whole fraternity danced- a clog dance in the printing office because some patriot sent in two dollars on subscription, and we knew we would all have a square meal that day. It seems that truth must have her sacrificial offerings. And to the great truth of "Justice for all and special privileges for none, men and women that I know have been offering them selves, their time, their services, the services of their children, living on what would barelv keep soul and body together, having their printing offices in dens top open and cold to be con sidered fit tenements for horses or pigs, and keeping their families in houses not much better, and all this that they might work out their own pure and holy convictions of right, in order that the people should be saved from the crushing wheels of heartless capital And tnis has leen goihg on for many years, even while those for whom the sacrifices were mvle did not know it, Lulled into the deepest and heaviest narcotic slumber by the lies of the old parties and by exhorta- tions to humility and forbearance by four-fifths of the preachers hell or dained for this special purpose, edu cated in deception and baptized in cupidity, hypocrisy and venom that they might share with the despoiler the wealth they helped to extort from the laborer, the people were rapidly falling into tne Bleep that Knows no waking, and civilization was lapsing again into the dark ages ; and would have done so but for the never ending and thankless work of a thousand ob scnre reformers whose untiring sense of justice would not let them rest nntil the whole nation should become infused by it. Every class of society has been against the reformer. The ruling classes have been against him through a mistaken belief that there must be class privilege, and that the rich could only subsist at the expense of the poor. The poor have been against him, be cause they were overworked and tin derfed, and kept in conditions where the lilting power of thought could scarcely reach them.' The poor have been against the reformer for no other reason than because they believed their bread depended on the rich, and they dare not jeopardize it by harbor ing a single idea to tne contrarv. But day by day and year by year the destructive and constructive blows of the spirit of reform .reverberated through the. world; issuing"" "between the chinks of log cabins and from the broken tenement houses of our cities and rolling in sheets of type stained and almost blood stained paper from hand presses, to be folded by half fed women and children long after the hours of legitimate toil had passed, then to be sent forth on a mission of mighty benevolence compared with which all the foreign missions of all the churches from the birth of Christ to this day pale into insignificance. A mission whose purpose avasthe mak ing of men. A mission that spoke as with the voice of God and said, Let there be men, and there tons men. And today thanks to the persist ent, indefatigable, unconquerable old reform press the sun rises on a race of men and sets on a race of men. Never in the world's history has this been so before. Never has there been a time when men knew they were men with the rights of men, and with the courage .that dares to claim those ririits. They know it now ; and knowing it, how is it possible they can act other wise than as this knowledge prompts them? They cannot and will not. The old parties may clothe themselves in shim mering white robes of angel purity, and pose before them ns the very in carnation of all that is good ; but the people have lost confidence in them. "Thev are painted sepulchres, full of rottenness and dead men's bones." They are harlots who have sold them selves for gold, and for whoso perfidy naught remains but that soul-consuming decay which ends in utter putres sence and burial from off the face of the earth. Nothing remains for us now who ave awakened to a knowledge of the situation but to withdraw our supjiort and countenance from the old parties and mass our forces for a grand and united movement .in 1S92. It is non sense for us to sav "there will iroba- bhj be a third partv bv that time." The third party is already here; and in the'langnage of old Tennessee, he's "powerf ill survigrous chap too. I am aware of the fact some of our lead ers are anxious to keep the young one out of sight and hearing for the pres ent, but for mv part I cannot keep the matter secret, and I do not intend to try. Moreover I am quite sure that no one can keep the secret much lon ger He can outscreech th'e American agle now ; and he can outbellow tho English 4ull too. He lies in a cradle that reaches froin Maine to Florida, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific. He no longer lives on milk ; he drinks water out of Lake Michigan and eats his beefstpak in Oklahoma; he uses the loftiest peak of the ltockv Moun tains for a toothpick ; he wears No. 17 cowskin brogans, and has to have a new last made for him everv week. He is brains at one end and kicks at the other a very valuable combination since it gives him the alternative of working out with his lower extremities such problems as he cannot solve with his head. It is plain to be seen from mv de scription of this infant that he cannot be kept in the background much longer. By .the law of primogeniture he has come to inherit these United States. He is the legaTlv begotten child of .our rulers, the republican and democratic parties, and they are, to all purposes, dead, and only awaiting bur ial. Who shah dispute his right to reign But let me say here, that though this child is the son of the old parties, he is not in any respect like his par ents. He stocks back and takes after his grandfather old Thomas Jefferson. Indeed, if we can believe the theory of incarnation, we may assume that the spirit of the old man has again become embodied in this hopeful and wonder ful babv. To feed this child, to rear him, to see thai every impediment to his growth is set aside, is the work we are now bent on doing. The are assassins abroad in the land who would murder him; every city has its King Herod who has filled the states with murder ers; and the liars who would defame him are legion. The old partv press have millions of money to back their efforts to -destroy him. Some of their leading papers pretend to be friendly to him, and do not attack him openly ; but the careful reader can feel their venom between the lines of cautiously worded editorials, and know that thev would kill him if thev could. Others of their number and these are far more honest and less dangerous than tne nrst named class make scorpions of their pens with which to sting him to madness. A large nuniner of these papers are heartilv frightened, and treat him with becoming decency because thev fear him. Others have not sense enough to be afraid, and so they malign him to their heart s content. But there is verv little difference be tween the papers who Jreat him well through fear and those who abuse him through foolhardiness. The latter class have not enough gumption to go in out ' of the rain, while tho former class have. That is all. Both these types of papers are to be lioyeotted by the fiiends of the growing baby. Let us strike them from our list of visitors immediately. The alliance movement has devel oped an impregnable chain that holds every member in its clasp. Based on ssmpathy for each other a wrongs the SPIRIT OF LOVE has been begotten in their assemblies. Horny hands meet and clasp each other in pressure as tender and holy as the mother s kiss on the soft lips of her infant. Absolute .frankness and honestv prevail among them ; their entire conduct is marked by a heretofore unknown or at least inoperativospirit of justice in their dealings with all, both outside and in side their own ranks. Their noblest characteristics are awakened, and the purest religion namely, 'the almost forgotten religion of Jesus shines through their faces -and expresses it self in their actions no less than their words. What a contrast to the actions and feelings among the old party members those who for twenty years and more have flaunted in their conduct the. ani- malized maxim of "Every man for him self, and devil take the hindmost. When after a retirement of five years from active participation in the reform movement I at last connected myself with the alliance to perceive the nation's resurrection from the dead, and to feel the baptismal fire of its newly awakened hope and determina tion", I was overwhelmed with the first sense of universal religion I had ever encountered. Then it was that I saw God in the people's movement, and knew to a certainty that nothing could prevail against it. " Whats wa it to me that with here and there a noble ex ception the professed ministers of re ligion were opposed to it. We of the alliance had all become ministers teachers and preachers of the gospel of humanity; .and Christ -was in our midst. And with God for us. who can be against us? The first night after I had been re ceived into the alliance I waked mvself crying. I had been dreaming over the whole-souled hand clasping that greet ed my reception into that body, and a memory of the fi bre and texture of the hands that had pressed mine so warm ly had come to me. Oh such hands; hard as if cut out of stone; many of them drawn until they could only open half way; their elasticity and every trace of beauty had long since departed. They were hands that told how eloquently and pitifully only a mother's heart can understand of that whole system of iniquity per petrated upon them by villainous rul ers ami endorsed by the most venal government under the sun. Hands that when uplifted in prayer speak more eloquently of defrauded lives than words can ever do. No wonder that in in that unresisting condition between sleeping and waking, when the will is comparatively inoperative, the thought of these poor haDds and of all that their disfigurement meant, should sweep the sensitive nerves of human syrrpathy and moisten a pillow with tears. And tears, with me, are only for such moments. Let the thought of these hands come to me in the positive condition of wakefulness and I have no tears to waste. Instead of tears my ery soul tlirobs with an almost un- controlablo wrath; and I feel for the time as if nothing but retributive engeance could wipe away such rongs. And vet, God forbid. I do not ruly desire vengeance; but only that, after all these years of bitter injustice to the poor and of legislation for the rich, that better times should ccune to all equally. "That the lawless rich should learn, that only through the development of their own innatt nnver to produce for themselves, can true wealth come; and that the poor and crushed men and women of un ceasing and nnrecompensed toil may have and enjoy unmolested the fruits of their own earning. This is justice; and justice is all I ask. One point more and I am done. Who can any longer doubt the sen timent of the great bulk of the people. Party ties have surely fallen away from them. I attend their rallies where often 3.000 to 5,000 people are assem bled, ami I observe them closely. Earnest faces upturned to the speaker catch and eagerly grasp every hopeful word ; but it is only when some, allu sion no matter how indistinct ia made regarding the THIRD PARTY that tossed hats and jubilant "whoops deafen every other sound and force the orator into temporary silence. - lhe people are ripe for the third party flag, and it cannot be flung to the breeze too soon. To delay Ion-get is dangerous. After the fruit is ripe decay sets in. The third party fruit is now ripe. The fact must be proclaimed so that the people may know beyond a doubt that they have a tangible foundation under their feet. With the knowledge of a third party announced and in working- order, a panic in the old parties will ensue. lhiswill be the hrst effect of such a declaration ; they are already fright ened ; one more aggressive step on out part will stampede them. In my opinion it cannot be taken too soon. Nothing wins like boldness. lo bold ness alone is success guaranteed. Con sider this fact, men of the United States, and let it have its influence on vour immediate movements. x or my part 1 know that success is ours. 1 know it by the united hearts of the people. I know it by the pur ity of motive that moves tnem. And ast.lv I know it by the grim and dauntless determination that goes hand in hand with the deep sense of broth erly love which so peculiarly infuses their feelings; a combination hitherto unknown in any political uprising ol tho masses unconquerable love and sympathy for each other and equally unconquerable determination to win by the ballot if possible but to win at all hazards, in spite of the devil and his cohorts. One Specimen. It is the common boast of the tele graph monopolists that they furnish telegraph facilities in this ' country which are better and cheaper than any other country. No more flagitious falsehood was ever put on dress parado in the daily papers in this country, W e had occasion a few days ago to send a telegram ten words to Free- port, oh the Sacramento river, eight miles this side of bacramento City. We were compelled to pay 50 cents for such service. The charge to Sacra mento is 25 cents two and one-half to five times as much as it should be. Tho telegraph mail should be like onr other mail uniform in cost to the people and at the lowest possible rate consistent with meeting the cost to the government. On this basis, beginning with ten cents for ten words, the price will soon come down, under an honest administration, to one-half tjiat sum. Chas. E. Buell, of Springfield, Mass., a telegraph instrument maker, and one of the most exyerienced telegraph line managers in the country, testified Feb ruary 18, 1885, that it "was his "belief that the entire property of the West ern Union telegraph company could bo shown to be worth not much, if anything, over $10,000,000." And he indorsed Sumner's bill, as providing an ample fund ($25,000,000), for the construction of a genuine postal tele graph. Canada had a uniform 25-cent for ten word messages in 1872; 2t cents for ten-word messages between all points. The Western Union coulO not "stand" that example and sugges tion, right alongside of their lines it this country, so our monopolist! lo light np the Canadian lines. San Francisco Star. A Reform Meannre. As a measure of reform, the sub- treasury plan is one of the very best measures - that has been as yet pro posed. "We don't claim perfection foi it. Yet we will stick by it, until something better is proposed. The organic people intend to do away with financial corporations called banks together with their clearing house cer tificates, and also with storehouse cor porations called elevators, also with corporations of common carriers called railroad companies as private parties. Why? Because as private partiet these fellows are more powerful than the nation. They will reduce us to slavery. They will abolish the repub lic, or only keep it as a falsf face. This nation cannot tolerate an impermm in imperio i. e., a private sovereignty within and subversive oi the national sovereignty of the organic people. On with the devil dance. The industrial republic is at hand. Aberdeen (S. D.) Knights of Labor. Wage workers never have been and never will be paid what their labor ii worth unless they conquer the powen wot state and compel an equitable distri bution of the products of labor. HERE'S A FISH STORY. A TALE RELATED BY WISCON SIN FARMERS. Tho Great IMrkervl f Twin I.aki-i and How lie Via- Finally Sliotctiled A I'lace Where Legends irw Very Large liotween the Eye - Farmer itiindy and a Festive l'iekt-rel. Higgr! if the Season. The Twin Lakes of Wisconsin lie eighty miles west of (lib ago. On the west shore of tin; smaller lake and with in a stone's throw of a field of d rice ana wild celery Is a ridge, and upon this rldgo was the recent home of a camping party. The snot Is one whore legends grow large beiwicn the eves, r.very night, when the moon was painting a luminous tathway ti.on the lake, farm ers In hickorv sh.rt and l.ats that had been drawn to a cak at the rovn would tramp over the ridge and sit down by the camp lire and talk about these legends which not. only relate to the fish in the. lake I ut to the things that fly over the lake. One of tho farm ers' stories, accord i us to a writer in America,' of the lower lake is associated with a pickerel. And when it is to d tiy tho farmers, who hac row finished their harvesting, they ro'l their eye? and expectorate with a vehemence that Is calculated to car. y conviction to the mind of every listener. The other le gend relates to a mos ii;to of enormous size and strength, and an insect of fiend ish pertinacity when encaged in his business. Farmer Rundy carries the iekerol legend back t: th t me of the war, when he was a .1 oy in the ho ise just over the crest of a yellow stubble-field. TKl.l.lNO A I,':r,KNO. One winter's n'glit he was spearing fish through the ice, when of a siidilou hu heard a snort, and the b'fore he could lift his sj ear, a pickerel of uormous size seized him by the foot and tor.' the loose overshoe away. An Instant late r the fish darted beneath the ice and was not seen again until ISd'.1, as the legend runs, when Farmer Voshurg caught him and landed him in a boat It was a strong pull, for th.i fish, even at that flay, weighed as much as Farmer Voshurg's eldest child- The hook was wrenched from the 'heeding gills, an.l the sturdy fi -herntan was about to h't the lish in the head with an uar, when he suddenly atta ked his can tor and knocked him into the stern sheets with oiio swish of his tail. When the farmer rounded to, the pickerel was out of the boat and cutting water ten yards away like the blade of a knife 1 1 1 dorsal In, it is now recorded, hoked like a sa l set before a'spanking breeze Troubled not only by his misfortune in losing so great a fish, Farmer Yosburg TEAIilNCJ OI-K THE llAHNT.SS. set up a cry of dismay when l;c beheld that his watch mid chain were gone. It was an o'd -fashioned chain, for. It en circled his n-'ck an I fell in two loops in V) the jocketof his velvet vest. There was no doubt that this pickerel was the one Fanner Bundy saw six years before, for tho overshoe, with it rusty buckle, was firmly wiapped about the middle of tl.e ti.'h. This discovery caused much comntent In farmers1 househo'ds on loth sides of the lake. Everybody was per-plev-d. It was tinaliy agreed that the pickerel had run his long snout through the opening of the ho, and then through the loop ma e by the buckles and flap. From isr until 1S74 nothing more was seen of the pickerel. . ow and then fishermen casting for bass in the wild celery would revive the story by report ing the rush of an enormous fish at their hooks and the scraping of a dorsal tin on ui' Keel oi inoir ooats. t nco it was A FIXE FnOT. told that a pickerel with a head as long as a sexton's spade and a body which was fully the length of the rotting posts of the old bridge, had been seen plung ing along the surface of the water with a noise that sounded like tho exhaust of an engine In a saw mill. One. day in lsst; Farmer Mader drove his horse and wagon inio ino iaKe io wash them. He was scrubbing the spokes df- the wheels pre paratory to going to 1B annual "trot" at Richmond, when he heard a mightly ep:ash. He threw up his hands in amazement, for before his bulging eyes was the great fish tearing the harness off the plunging horse The bridle snapped. There was a jingle as the bit was yanked from the jaws of the ani mal. The check-rein parted and fo' lowed the glistening buckles and rings as they shot into the water behind the black iiu of the fish. Farmer Ma'der gave the alarm the country round, and within two hours an expedition was ormcd to capture this mammoth plck- erel. But the search, careful and allur ing as It was, proved of no avail. The story of tho great fish of the lower lake was the subject of common talk for a month or more, and then it was referred to only- when strangers asked to have It told to them. There was something gruesomo about tho antics of this wonderful pickerel which was always and vaguely referred to as "the big lish." It plainly differed from the rest of tho fish In the lake. Some. tiik mo IMCKEHEU. P'-rsons went so far as to say that he "hollered" on ci rta'n nights, and these nights it was further claimed, were when the mi (w was at its full. It was even sa d that- the great fish was am phibious: that h came to (-bore from time to time and w alked about on short. sciiatty legs, and that when- h wa of an observing turn of mind lie would tear himself up in the water and sweep the country with a pair tf flaming or phosphorescent eyes. One day in lhHU a party of Hi ck.ord men, camping "at Hickory Point, werfl using a hoopskirt wrapped in mosquito netting In catching ni niiows In the shaih w channel which connects the two lakes, when thoy felt a vicious tug and then their contrivance darted from their grasp and was not seen aga'n. Of course, "thri big fish" was held responsible for this theft, as also for ttie loss of a leathern band and a brass bell which had been ruthlessly torn -from a cow as she was drinking water from the lake. During the fall of 1890 fishermen on the lower lake reported having heard strange noises in and above the water, sometimes like the muffed tolling of a bell and then again like tho upsetting ot a panful of silverwaro One man. who was on the lake at night, saiij the noises he heard sounded like a charivari. Tho source of all these sounds was a mystery. Finally Farmer Yosburg. who knows more about the lake than anybody, made up his mind to discover the cause of tho disturbance. One evening when tho air was still he put out in a boat with a shot gun Ilis cruise lay along the west shore, lie had beep out but an hour when he heard a splash, the clang of a be 1 and the tintinnabulation of other metal lic substances. He knew he was In tho wake of "th" big fish," for no other fish could compare with the monster ahead of him. Putting all his strength to his oars Farmer Yosburg made chase. Of a sudden "the big fish" raise:! again, and for the s cendtime tho bell rang dis tinctly and there came the same nit-tall e jingle. Farmer Yosburg Is a fine shot lie can shoot the Iii-ad off chickens at L'OO yards. When he tired at "lhe big fish" there was a grunt which was almost human anil b'ood 1 egan to stain the waters. "The big fish'' had Leon killed. His he.id was in shr- ds and his white beliy wa turned up to the rising moon. Farm er Yosburg hauled the monster into tho boat. If he had doubted the Identity cf the fish, that doubt was dispelled when he-beheld Farmer Hundy's overshoe still about the middleof the leviathan. Then, toe, the (ish was lirmly entang ed In the hoopskirt net of the Hoekford encamp ment, while from g lis to tail he was girdled with the straps of Farmer Matt er's harness Around the dorsal tin and belly was the leathern band and brass bell; but Strang -r than a l to the gaping farmer was the discovery of his watch in a sort of pocket in the side of the fish which, doubtless, was cut with a fpear years and years ago. The timepieco was intact. Even the crystal had not been shattered. The watch had stopped at 1:0.1. That was th price at which Farmer Yosburg had so'd his wheat three days before. She Is a MUleress. Freednian's Town, a suburb of Houston, Texas, lmasts of a female in i Her. who has repeatedly proved herself a match for any three men that have pitted their united strength against hers, and who successfully routed Oflieer John Haxter and three of his assistants, all men of line physique. The woman is a negress as black as night, and of a stature slightly alvn-e tlit- average, but magnificently built and extraordinarily active. Her grip is such that she can easily stop any piece of machinery in the mill. K-e-cently she broke a drive chain and thus saved the life of an oKl farmer whose long coat tails bad leeme en tangled in the gearss. She works in all parts of the mill, and when firing she frequently breaks coal with her list, if the hammer Is not near. Ele vators are of no use in that mill, for she. carries grain to the top of the mill faster than any machine-that has been made. She ran carry four two-bushel sacks filled with wheat to the top of the mill and be down st-airs again before most millers could walk to the top of the mill. . She just takes a sack under each arm and one In earn hand and up she runs, seemingly wit hout effort. When the police, attempted to arrest- her. she not- only was able, to prevent them from putting the hand cuffs on her, but taking the oflieer and his posse, one by one, Hung them out of the house and closed and locked the door. Haxter, in particular, is accounted "a man of unusual strength, and is of large build: but he says his muscles were as a child's when compared with those of the colored woman. The woman, whose name is Caroline Jenk ins, is about 30 years old, and is the mother of seven children. She has been seen to pick up a bar rel of flour and carry it a distance without appearing to overexert her self, and when tested was found to lie able to break with ease a new grass rope an inch in diameter. When she runs out of coal she should utilize her great strength to operate the mill. American Milkr. B i Shop Wilberforce once came near going on Btrike himself, and by a threat of ko doing he cariied a point. Enter ing a crowded church in which he was to preach, one day, he escorted inside a lady whom he met at the door but who complained that there was no room. To his order to the beadle to find her a seat, that functionary re plied that it was impossible. There upon the Bishop declared : "Oh, if you don't, I won't preach!" A luxurious empty pew was quickly discovered. Cakolcb Duran likes to load his fingers with .rings and to wear hand some silk linings to his coats. He ex cels in riding, guitar-playing, and fencing. He is popular on the boule vards, and everybody in Paris knows him, '..-. WAGE-EARNERS IX LINE LABOR-DAY OBSERVED FROM OCEAN TO OCEAN. C,mintleiHvThousamls of lA'orklngnwn Pa railc Ituslness Throughout tho Country tienerally Suspended Features of tho Celebration Speakers of Froiuliicnco. Aineric'a'H Slnewfi of Strength. Among tho few American holidays, Labor Day has won a prominence de servedly and di-tinctivcly its own. JCot only do tho largest cities unite In its observance but smaller towns- as veil have caught tho spirit, ana oy common consent the day is made a time when, undisturbed by any of the troubles that may have agitated their wor.'d, the toilers of tho nation meet in grand re view, and not only their associates but their fellow men who stand in the rela tion of employers are given opportunity to more thoroughly appreciate that "In union there is strength. " The workingmen, by consistent argu ment and persistent work, have gaincJ, In nearly every State, legal recognition of the day; and by the moderation with which they participate in tho celebra tion, they have dispelled all those fore bodings of trouble with which the idea was first received. The shrewdness with which questions of public import are considered; the masterly system with which they unite to accomplish chosen aims; the cogency of reasoning In support of their posi tions when opposition is encountered; the justice which generally character ises their action all have tended to ip spirc a respect In the minds of employ ers, legislators and professional men vastly different from tho Indifference, patronage and condescension meted them but con paratively few years ago. Xow, when l abor Fay arrives, tho participants march in review before men learned in letters and. high instate coun cils and authority; they listen to ad dresses delivered by orators from Con gress' halls and America's most famed pulpits; they present In solid rank an organization surpassing in strength that of which no other class is capable. And the men who witness them, those who address them, and tho-e who em ploy them, feel respect, honor and ela tion that this organized host represents so much of the wealth, strength and in telligence of tho nation, and that, un aided, it has achieved and maintains a position so creditable to Itself and tho country. In Chicago, probably, occurred tho largest and most imposing demonstra tion of the, day. len thousand men marched through the streets to the time of lively music, their columns gayly decked with fags and banners. Three times ten thousand of their fellow-workmen watched them from tho walks, and countless thousands of other spectators Joined tho moving throng. For an hour and a half the processipn could be seen from a "given point. The reviewing stand was occupied by the chief officials of the city and many men prom'nent in pub'ic and professional life, many of whom, after the divisions had dispersed for their regular picnic outiug, be amo speakers. At Milwaukee, Wis , the laboring men turned oirt-5,i.O) strong. Nearly all the principal manufacturing establishments were closed. The procession was one of the largest seen in Milwaukee for sev eral years. The carpenters made the larg' st showing of numbers, having nearly 1,.100 men in lino. At Indianapolis, Ind., work In the in dustrial establishments was suspended, and stores and offices were closed. A street arado by labor organizations with about 4,000 men In lino was the feature, followed by a picnic, where ad dresses were delivered by .ludge Howe, Morris Koss, and" l!ev. F. W. Iiexter. Tho day was generally observed as a holiday in the principal manufacturing centers of the State. Jese Harper, of Illinois, and J. A. Honscr, of Indiana, were among the prominent speakers. The day was generally observed in Michigan towns. Grand Kapids stopped her busy work, and sent thousands to Ottawa Beach At Jackson the labor unions of Itattlc Creek joined in cele brating the day and sent a do'egation several hundred strong. A. K. Cole, Kobcrt U. Ogg, and KaTph Beaumont made addresses. At Muskezon not a wheel turned in any of the mills or factories, and after a fine parade in the morning, followed by speeches, a picnic was heid at Lake Michigan l'ark, con cluding with a pyroteehnieal display in the evening. At Detroit, after the morning parade, a picnic with athletic games was held in the afternoon. Busi ness was virtually suspended in the city, and the day parsed away without a single disturbing Incident. At Buffalo, X. V., Governor Hill ar rived early, accompanied by Gen. Mc Ewan and Col. Kuppert. He. was met at the depot by tho Citizens' Kcreptioii Committee, which included Mayor Bishop. The Governor reviewed the parado and afterward delivered an ad dress at the Labor Day picnic. In other cities of tho State tho day was becomingly celebrated. In Xcw York two parades that of the Federa tion of Labor and the Central Labor Union took place. Many women were in the ranks of marchers. In the after noon Senator I'effer and others made ad dresses. At Troy there were a mam moth parade and picnic in the afternoon. Lieut. Gov. Jones reviewed the parade and made a speech At Kochester there was an entire cessation of business and parad s and picnics were the order of the day. At I'tica every manufactory was closed and nearly all the stores Tho labor unions paraded and nia !ea fine display. At Albany all tho labor unions joined in a joint parado and pic nic in tho afternoon. Business in San Francisco was par tially suspended and 3,5' 0 men were in the line of parade Twjntv thousand men raraded in St. Louis and spent the afternoon and even big In a picnic at Lindcll Park. In Canada, Montreal, Ottawa, and Toronto observed the day as a holiday, and parades and picnics were general. Tho parade at Denver, Cola, had 12, 000 men In line, and was reviewed by the Governor and Mayor. Business was suspended. After the parade at Cincinnati the various unions went to Wo iddale Park, where Maj. McKinley and John Seitz made addresses. At St Paul most of- the business houses were closed. After the morning parade the afternoon was devoted to picnics and games. r At Cleveland business was suspended and after the morning parade athletic contests were hold at Forest City Park in the afternoon. At Memphis Tenn., the Farmers Al liance joined in the parade on horseback, each man carrying a wisp of hay or a cotton boll in his hat At Boston, Portland, Me-,. and Con cord, IS. H, a heavy storm marred the day and prevented the parades. The day was a gencial holiday. In Kansas City, Mo, the various unions paraded, but few of the business houses were closed. A ball at the Ex position Building wound up the day. The parado at Minneapo is was the largest ever held. Mayor Winston and other speakers addressed tbe unions in the afternoon at Athletic Park. .At Pittsburg th .day was not observed except- by the closing of the courts and banks,' Demonstrations were made at Greensburg, Wheeling and surrounding towns. Newsy Short Chapter. TnE Youngstown (Ohio) Bridge Works burned. Loss, 575,000; Insurance, ?55,MK). Hakbison MtmHAV. a colored outlaw, was killed near Archer, l-'la., by Hardy Early, a negro lad IT years old. The failure of the late Turkish Min istry to suppress brigandage is said to have been the cause of Its downfall. Jons Ol.MAN, Superintendent of tlie Ruby mine, near Forest City, was shot and killed by John St Fieri c. tho night watch man. Esornn peaches bnvc arrived In Balti more during tho past live, weeks to supjily almost four peaches to every inhabitant of the United States. John Ostkiim w. Trea urer of In dianapolis, city and county, retired. He is succeeded by Victor M. Bacchus, a fellow Democrat. Seckktakv I'ltoCTon lias left Washington on iis t)nr of Western military posts, acconipanie-1 l y Quart-miast T General Itatcheller and Lieut. Howard. A TKiiium.K forest fire is raging in the Cascade Mountains, near Hot Springs. It exte-ids a distance of twenty-live miles fanned by a strong wind The shaft house and machinery In a mining shaft near Stockton, t.'tali, belong ing t Congressman Niedringhaus, of St. Loui. were burned. " Loss, about $43,000. Jacob Nokkis re-Iened the professorship of mathematics in Wabash Colleso. Craw fonlsvllle, Ind. lie goes to Wyoming to accept a pcsltion with a university out there. . Ciiahi.es Pnvoer, of Mile's City. Mont., barely escaped lynching. Lillie Hunkley had refused his proposal of marriage and he. slashed her terribly with .a knife. Ho is arrested. Chacow (Itusila) authorities are treating a cabmen's strike In that city by lining the owner- of the cabs for n.it coming to some sort of arrangement with tho men, the only thing Insisted upon by the officials being that the cabs khall be run, whatever hap pens. At U;ico Fn-k. Mont., I.ee Odalr, a miner, and Bryant McDonald, a farmer, became involved in a pol.tl -a I d s-ussi n. McDon ald stoope to tie hi shoestring and Odair grabbed him by the. back of the neck and began pumtncling him. McDonald fired four sho-s. killing Ms us-ailant, aid pave himself up. After Fifteen Years. A few miles out of the city of Hank'ik there is a mineral spring, and near it a bungalow much fre quented by the Europeans in the city. An Englisthman says that one even ing as he rode up to this hungaiow, a gentleman was alighting from his howdah at the entrance. As soon as he had dismonntcd, his elephant was moved to one side, and my drrver, who was seated on the head of my elephant, ordered it to advance. The instant he spoke, the animal which had moved aside to make room for us flapped his great ears, and then turned sharply around, facing my driver. Suddenly, without the least warn ing, he stretched out his long trunk and wrapped it about tire body of my man. Then, before any one had time to interfere, he raised him high in the air and brought him to the ground with tremendous force! As the poor fellow struck the earth we could hear his bones crack, r.irfr the elephant was not done with him. The next moment he had placed his huge foot on the head and chest of the prostrate driver. When he raised it again, all semblance of life was gone from the crushed, mutilated body. The gentleman whose elephant had committed the terrible deed was greatly distressed. He said that he had purchased the animal from the king's pen, that it had always been exceedingly gentle and well-disposed. The animal was blind, one eye having been put out by an attendant fifteen years previous. It was my driver, I learned the next clay, who had put out the ele phant's eye. He was at the time one of the guards at the king's stock pen, and, for some misdemeanor committed by the animal, had thrown a stone, which struck the creature full in 'the eye. The elephant was so enraged there after at the sight of him, that, fear ing his life, the man left the place. Hut the injured animal had bided his time, and after lifteen years of waiting had terribly punished his enemy. Quick Wit. One of Lord Carmarthen's future constituents once asked the youthful candidate his opinion upon some ab struse question of which he knew nothing. '-Lot him alone!" cried another, derisively; "don't you see he's nothing but a baby?" "What do you think?" reiterated his inquirer, heedless of the interrupt ion and de termined to have an answer. "I think," said Lord Carmarthen, with ready wit, "that, it is high time for all babies to be in bed:" and so saying he gathered up his papers and dis appeared from the platform. Again and this last anecdote is so well known as to have become well-nigh historical at a crowded meeting just before his election, he was interrupted by the question: "Does your mother know you're out?" "Yes, she does," was the. instant retort, "and by Tuesday night she will know I'm in." His prophecy proved correct and he headed the poll by a large majority. The Queen Eegent of the Nether lands and her -daughter declined the offer of a public reception during' their recent visit to Amsterdam. They re quested the city officials to use tho money collected for the reception in feeding the poor. Consequently more than 30,000 poverty-stricken creatures receiyed presents of food and money, and 35.0(H) school-children were pro vided with a breakfast. Each child received, also, a photograph of the young Queen. . The eon of Gen. Isidro TJrtecho, Commander-in-chief of the Xicaragnan army, is the only foreign cadet at West Point. He is a young man of 20, tall and active, with swarthy skin and flash ing black eyes. He is a nephew of Minister Guzman, the Nicaraguan rep resentative at Washington. Hannibal Hamlin wore to the very last the full-dress suit of black broad cloth, with expansive shirt-front, that formed in ante-bellum days the dis tinctive attire of public men. It was the style of suit that Webster and Clay were always clad in when they ad dressed the Senate. ' It is stated that in England recently an incandescent electric light was burned for 11,561 hours, and on being removed from the holder the filament was found to be still whole and sound. Rtjdtard Kiplino is to visit Robert Louis Stevenson In Samoa. ! CURRENT COMMENT. Open or Shut ? Tho movement to close the World's Fair at Chicago Sundays is a movement hostile to the Fair itself.-SeW York World. There does not seem to he much oc casion for difTercuee of opinion. The debate is all on the side of Sunday clos ing. St. Paul tyobe. What the people will indorse is tho1 npplication'of common ;cnseto the ques tion. Beyond this iv'ith-r custom nor law can. .go. Xcw York Pres. By a vote of 50 to 3t tho lady man agers of tho World's Fair registered themselves in favor of the F air closing its doors on Sunday. Milwaukee Xcws.- The wise coure, and the one that will In all likelihood be adopted,' is" to admit the public to the Fair on seven days in the week with certain restrictions on Sunday. Indiar apolis Journal. Whatever position tho reader may take upon the question of opening the World's Fair on Sundav, he must adm t that the American Sabbath I'niou made a powerful protest before tho Board of Managers. Omaha Pec. Open Fa!r gates would immensely di minish driikenness disorder, excursions, crime, and depredations of a various nature by engaging the attention and time of tens of thousands in an orderly, pleasant, and profitable manyier. Troy Press. The exhlbitio is bejng conducted un der the auspices of the government, which lias invited a'l other nations to participate therein, and. it wduld bo anomalous indeed it thc-manacrs should trample upon the law-i which hedge tho institution of the Sabbath and fling an insult into the faces of every Christian in the land. Pittsburg .ommercial-Ga-ette. The machinery of the Fair may" bo stopped on Sunday to prevent the noise and give iti attendants rest. But' to close the Exposition on the one day when hundreds of thousands of people tan alone visit it won d not only bo an in justice to them, and a fataKb'ow to the financial success of the Fa'r, but a fool ish concession to a superstition which no longer dominate-! America or any other civilized country. Xcw York World. Foreign War C'ouds. Everybody has been watching so long for an outbreak f war in Kuropo that it would now lie abo'it the most surprising thin that could happen. Philadelphia Inquirer. Thero is one good mater'al reason for keeping the peace a' pre put. Russia has just ordered a new rifle for her infantry and would probably lather not fight un til rearmament is com p c-tcd. San Fran cisco Bulletin. Certainly if the Emperor desired war ho could find a better pretext'in this (Dardanelles) incident than lyjs served for many a previous outbreak, and an occasion which would give him an actl.o ally in England, whether this latter rountry desired it or nor. But William has said he was for i cacc. and evidently . meant It. Springfield Republican, j The Dardanelles incident would prob ably have c aused war had it occurred a dozen years aio At present, however, France is on Tussia's side, Turkey Is partially a''nuie.3een on "account of her opposition to England on the Egyptian question, and "England will make no' t formidable protest uiu'e- pre sent condi j tions. Slowly, but alroltly and surely, Russia is forcing her way to lhe south j ward, and the old Muscovite dream of j establishing its head uarters at Constan tino) le may be verified earlier than Cen tral or Western Europe imagine. '-t Louis Globe-Democrat. Short crops will not stan-1 in the way of war, but may precipitate it. The French are. eager at all times for a row. Tho masses in lluss'a ami' Germany would welcome a campaign to relievo the monotony of semi-starvation. Aus tria and Italy have their ' internal tron-. bles. England has vast interests on the continent and in As a and Africa. If there is any big disturbance going on she will be dragged intc it France and Russia cannot mu h longer contemplate the triple alliance of Germany, Austria and Italy without making an effort to smash it. and the tirst t ash of gunpow der will I'glit a lurid blaze throughout Europe. Atlanta Const itut'on. Two Great Towns. Chicago has long ago abandoned her competition with St Louis and scoins any lesser rival than New York, whom she fairly derides since she beat her for the World s F.pos:tio:i. Xew Orleans Delta Chicago was so ji a'ous of Xew York's Park place horror that it just led down the cornice of a building on a poor news hoy, just to show that she, too, has some house that were l ut no b 'ginning with the top story. Mimical o is Times. It is a very cold day when Chicago gets left. Xo sooner has Xew York an nounced the intention of putting up a building twentyeven stories high than Chicago comes up smMng with plan for an Odd Fellows' temple thirty-four stories high. By the way, how hiah is that Xew York Grant m num -nt to b,-? , Pebria Transcript. Since the c;'iisu the Tribune claims Chicago has so irainel in population by annexation and natural increase that It now has, or will have at the end of the year, l,2r.o,HiO inhabitant--. Xew York Is told it nr st annex Brooklyn before 19(H) or . yield the crown to Chicago, which "w.ll have l,roo,noo of population be.for-i the century e'o'es. " Th chance are if Xew York doesn't hurry , hicago may count in Brooklyn Montgomery Advcrti.-er. - Mmoeapolis Says No. St. raul not the apo t'c, who was not a matrimon'al- enthus ast, but the nvighbor of Minneapolis asked Minnie to marry him. Minnie says "Xo." De troit Journa1. ft Paul has proposed, but Minneapolis has rejected his suit She says she won't marry the fellow who is so t a lly in debt . and can't get within live miles of her. Buffalo Times. Miss Minneapolis forbids publication of the banns, that were to make her one with Mr. St. Paul, and lots out the se cret that five . mi'es of comparatively open space lies between them. Louis ville Jour. al. Minneapolis prefers to go it alone, and respectfully declines to nnito in bonds of municipal wedlock with St Paul. .The newpai er fight between these two cities will be fanned into fresh flame for a while. Buffalo Commercial. St Paul made a very bad move when she proposed consolidation with Minne apolis. The spiteful flour city makes the suggestion the occasion for mud slinging at the other twin, and at the same time booms herself in the most vainglorious fashion.' t- Kansas City Times. Grunts and Squeals. Thero can be no do lbtthat this decree will prove a direct b'essing to this coun try. Burl ngton Hawkeyu. A hungry man docs not examine his breakfast with a microscope before, he tas es it Philadelphia Record. The great American hog seems to have at last got the German bars to such a height that it will have no trouble in Jumping over. Hurrah for the hogl. Kansas City Times.