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VOLUME II. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY MARCH 10, 1892. NUMBER (J. 1 WORK ON THE MC FAIR INFORMATION CONCERNING ITS PROGRESS. What lias Itcen Accomplished in Prepara lion or the Creates! International Expo Kl;lnn In the History or the World Elo u,nent Flgur s. Appearance f the UniMing. A Chicago correspondent sends out data which v.-ill g!ve the reader :n idea of the scope anil nwg.iitude of the Co lumbian Imposition and of its present rfcatus nnd p;o-;eet. Tin- litruros ar.? brought up to a very recent (into, an 1 they present ;i large amount of informa tion regarding rrai international 1 reject. The Exposition is under the auspices of tho United States Government. Its participants include not only the United States' Government and tho forty-four Stat s and five Territories of the Ameri can Vnion, out also nearly every foreign government. Its international eharae tcr is assured. 1 reign lartic!p:it:oa. The foreign nations and colonies which thus far have determined to participate in the Exposition, an 1 the amounts of their appropriate ns. m.ule or officially proposed, a far i.s inforn a' ion eonoern injr them li.is Won lveeived ut head quarters, are the following: Argotitine l'.e- ' vi;-ti,-ia p?b!i.- S l"".' Vest Anstru- AuBtria. HV-00 Ha.... Tttluiiim ' natomala .... IX 00 J J'oloiv jiv."vm iitv n.i C.V.00) Havtl Homiurns iO.TOO irooXl Italy iliiformeli lt).n 0 Kry.Urii lji.UJ.'ian CSO.TCj JCcres..... MOilaaciir. . . . Mexico 7V,K0 12',(C0 Netherlands iiu'ormsll.. 400,KO Tn chOaiana 10 00 I l'n ch a t 2H.210 Inlo' 5i0l l'.'j.0f).i Nicaragua. .... 30,0 0 0,0 0 O r a d g e Free Siato Paraguay S5.U0 2',VK) l'tria ileru 32).(0) 7,reo!lussia :r,x0 alvail.r . V2M0 lira :.il Ciena Chill CoVmliii Ccst i l!ic P nn'ai k Ilauiah Vi etc Indies Ecuador Egypt (iutorinh 1 1 a nee Alc.ii Germany Croat Hritain... Earbadoes.... 11 rl t i fh Co lumbia Pr'hh Culnna lsiitish Hon duras Cafe Colony. Oylon....... Ini'lin Jan ai a Malta. TIaslioi:n.l.iiiil KewSuutli Wales New Zerilnnd. Queensland.. boa th Aus tral a Ta-tmania.... Ttii. l.ln.l 'V0Jan 1'iluino.. ;iwn 2",K -j'nin l nba TrJiisvail... lurkoy rriij-HMV YeiiPziulft... '.CCD j Total 4,0'4.36" ! Thirtv nine na'tins. IV C- Twenty-tour colonies. Bolivia appropriated $H,ri'0 for pre liminary expenses, nnd Authorized its President to draw on the regular diplo matic aj proprintion for any further sum needed, tho who'.e nmo-.nit estimated to W necessary being $H(,0( 0. Of Ecua dor's $12-,li"!, the city of Guayaquil furnishes i2",.iw. Paraguay has author- AHlXITn.VTI(iS B("II.:1N 1. ized its President to spend whatevi r piitn may be necessary to have tho coun try creditably represent . It is report ted Ihut Wi.iWH of expenditure is ton templatel. Mexico has voted $.10,000 for preliminary expenses. Ko doubt is f.-it that the b:ilan -e of the $7."0,( 00 pro j osed will be fortheotuirg. It is assured that quite a number of the appropria tions named above will be increased. From information received at Exposi tion headquarters, it can W said lobe next to certain that s. on 111 ere will be rdded to the above list Norway and Sweden, Hungary, Switzerland, Canada, nnd several others. At a low estimate, the total f th:f appropriations of foreign nations will roach $.",,000,00il. Nearly nil of the p .rtieipating nations will erect buildums in the Exposition grounds, liuilding sites-havo already been selected for Great Itritain, Ger many, .Tapr.n, Turkey, Mexico, Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia-, Costa ISica, Guatemala, ami Chili. The buildings of foreign nations will present most v.ried contrasts in respct to size, architecture, and adornment. The I iiIOmI H'.ate (inrprnmrnt, Th3 United States Government has appropriated thus fRr $l,",o;(,( 0, of which $400,000 was set apart for its building, nnd $2o0,'l, approximately, lias been drawn for the cost of Jive ses sions of the Nati nal Commission, two sessions of the Board of La lr Mana gers, the salaries of the officers and em ployes of tl.c-w; two bodies, and the ex lens'S of three special agents of the Treasury Iopnrtmont who wt re sent to Europe toexplain to foreign commissions and governments the regulations of tho Oopartinent governing the importation of exhibit". A considerable portion of the remainder has boon spent in prep aration of the Government exhibit by the board having the matter in charge. The Statea anil Trrritorle. Twenty-six Stat s and two Territories, thus far, have trade appropriate n for their representation at the Exposition, as follows: Arizona. . California.... dorado Iela aru Idaho Illinois Indiana la Maine Massavuus'tti M Chilian .... Minm a ita ... Missouri J! mi aoa. Mbraslia..... 8 3 '.W)D N. Hampsbire ;i) .OX New .lorsey... li 0,100 NVw Mexico.. )0,I W) N. arolina .. 2'.mx N. liakota b 0 O 0 rhio 7",00 ) Pennsylvania T0' lheUi Island. 4U,0 0 Vermont 7-,'0i WanbinKton.. 100.000 Weat VirKinU So.Oiio Wiscortin.... 150 IK 0 Wyoming..... fiO.Oo! 60.00J1 Total S 25,001 teo.ioo 2V4X) 25,' ft) W.0X1 10 -.Olio :oo,.io 25,10 l ,o o 100,0 o 4i.O 0 C . 01 ! 0,000 ,C '., 0 In several of these States the appro priations made are only preliminary, nnd will be largely increased. Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnet-otn, New AORin-LTrRAT, Bt.-ii.Dtxa. Jersey, and Wrt Virginia promise in creased appropriation s. In Colorado, an additional $50,000, approximately, has bei n voted by the counties, and in ' In diana about $10,0011 has been raised by cchool pupils and teachers. In Cali fornia,' too, some ot the counties are upplcjrf ntlng the State appropriation. Nine States which, owing to constitu tion reirtricUon, or ptjier prohibitive retv l 1 Fon. made no World' J Fair nppoprintton, have held State conventions and formed organizations of the stock-subscription sort for raiding the amounts deemed n Z BATTLE fin:'. necossr.ry for creditable ri'i resentatii. These States, and the sums they art) thus raising, are: Alabama 8 50.C0 lOrnpon ?I',0)l Arkansas TO.'O Nf.uth lakota.. 8) 10 Florida 10 1, rennefieoo 1( 0,0 0 (leorpia V '. 0 Kansas 10.0 ( Texas LOi .'0 Total 61, SU.iuo KI.KCTlttCAl. Tlie aggregate expenditure by the States i.nd Territories is expected to reach f.",ooo,000. 1 hus far, l ita f r the buddings of twenty-two htates. a.- proj- e t'd, have been received at headquar- j Pnqurncy in the payment of subserip t rs. These structures, for tho m st j tions to stock. Thus far, CO per cent, of part, wili be two stories in height, will ' the subscribed amounts has been called average about 50 by 7" feet in dimen- j for, and $:l,4:H,S0o, or ir.ore than 60 per sion. nnd will ci st till the way from j cent., has been actually paid in, quite a. $1H,' (I0 to $100,000 ene The Kxpiilllam HniMingH. The size and cost of the great Exposi tion buildings are indicated in the fol lowing table: Piinen- Area in acres. rniUings. fciim feet Cost. ! 87 x UV1 30.5 Mai ufactiir-s & 1 l.ttwrnl Arts.. ( A'lmii:i -tratioc. . . Mines Electricity lrani'ortntiiin Annex.. 31,500,000 4;t?,i'(i0 IK'S.t'OJ 4H1,0U 2C.2 x 3 0 X 3 " x 26 X !-. x 20i 7.) OS it):! '.'0 I 2rs l.(i 5.C ".5 if. 1 8.1 t" I 3 3.7 II l" 1 4 1 .f 5.7 .5 0 I ti.2 1 2 1 0.2 1 3.3 i 1.3 2 5 .9 7 ,0 0 I 133 roj I 17 ;07J : 21,000 j 3W.1 0) i :3,0uJ j Woxan's i 1 9 x A t i a'l-tin-. - Annexes fit..1. 1 isheit9 - Annexes ('i). . Rortieiilri:r.' Ort e.it ouaos Mach ncry ; - Ann x ' " Tower Hons-. " l ump'rt? Wrks; Voehif.e Shon. . Asrifiiltuo ; " Annes AsVbiy Hall.etc Fcr.;stry Saw .Vill 1'airy j Live Mock i:ll ! " lavilion " S.ICi'.H. .. Casino Music Hii'l ' )21-x I0"i x 110 :tr.s M di'm'r 2 10 x Si. 8 24 x 4:2 x 4.10 x 10 x 77 X II''. x 50 1 x 3 0 X 155 x 2 8 x J i x 10' x I" ) X 2 x 1 0 S4H: 5.,! 41 , t-4 2.) woo 5.. 1 lj 1. :m :'.0i 2W 2 m 411 1,2) ,000 8",0'i0 j ('18 1X0 I 1 11,00 i 111'. 01 ' 33.1X1 ! 3 ,0 0 i 33f0 j 21VC0 40 .0 ) I I'-' 120 x 1JJ X 2 0. 2Xl! 1W.H 3 3 S 7,1 41,011.) I I 41 0,0 0 . I, f. fiovomnient - Imitatioultat- 1 tleslilp Illinois Mate . . .. rtliigs(S) ; 313 x C.).2ix i 10) X 413 3S, 4)1; 1.7(1 .3 1 I C0 151.4 i7 Tiil.OM tlnc!udin. connecting roriatylo The lat-t three are being erected, the first two by the United States Govern ment and the third by the State of Illi nois. The visitor, however, will natur ally class th 111 among the great Exposi tion structures. The Exposition 1 uildings, not includ ing those of the Government nn.l Illinois, have also a total gallery area of 45.t acres, thus making their total 11c or space l!)t).7 acres. The Fin; Aits 7ft"? IIOHTUff.TfKAI. iirtr.tiiNG building has 7.8S5 lineal feet, or 145, H52 square feet of wall space. All of the annex s will be f crtrcely less inqHising and architecturally beau tiful th-in the main buildings themselves. The livestock sheds, which will cover an immense area as indicated, are to be constructed as inexpensively as possi ble without marring th:; conoral arehi- .. ...... 1 ..nr..., i't..i ........... pumping works', etc., are to be exhibits j in themselves, and so constructed as to be readily inspected by visitors. There will be several Exposition buildirgs in addition to those named, but data eon corning them are not yet fully deter mined. Among them will be a Press building, in which every possible, con venience and accommodation for the press representatives of the world will beirovided; alula reproduction of the Spanish convent, Laliabida, in which .1 wonderfully complete collection of Co lumbus relics and allied exhibits will be gathered. The total cost of the Expo sition structures alone is estimated at $8,000,000. Money la Not Helng Ppared. The amount ($8,000,000) wh:eh the Eposition Company expects to expend upon buildings represents less than one half of its total estimated expenditure for the great enterprise. Following are estimates of various other expenses pre pared by the Grounds nnd Buildings Committee: G; a ling, fltlinc, etc a 43J,;0J I andrcape anlening. 3.'.H.4;i Viaducts and bride s 12',(0 lfcr 70.1) Waterway Improvements. 22' .000 liaiWays. &00,)O) i-'cam plant. 8 0.0 0 Electricity 1,M),C). Mataarv on bu Mings 10j,0H Vasm, lamps and posts 5",- 0 Keating 8 C01 Water supply, sewer se. etc C 0,010 linrrorenient ot lake front 200,0.0 W rld's ongrees Auxiliary 2U),000 Construction ileparlnw ui. expenses, fuel, etc 21,010 Organization and administration ... 3,3US,5il Operating exptw daring Kxpoeltion 1 .51,000 Total eio.sw.433 Add tp ibis tljo Amount estimated to DOME OF Tin be necessary for buildings ($1,000,000) , and the grand total sum to bo expemled by th;) Expositin Company stands at $18,':)0,4r:i. This does not include, of course, the expenditure by the United States Government, tho State of tho Union, or foreign countries. Of thia $lH,ri:i,4', nUuit $17,000,000 must be paid out bofoie the gates of the "exposi tion are thrown open to tho pu tdic, tin May 1, l-t'.Kt. The total amount: which the Exposition Company has paid out up to date, for all purjMises, is $2.'i,7!),707. Owing to the present enormous dpnnnds of construction, the expenditure Is now running at nearly $1,000,000 a month. xpoHltlon KfMOIirCCA. In view of the showing given aliove, a Statement of the Exposition's resources will be found interesting in this connec tion. frtrok Kiibrcrirtlcns $S,721,230 city of l h caj?o bondi S.m.11,010 rrI ctlve pato roeeipts 1 OAl.OOO ("once skills and privileges 1 SIW.00) Salvage l.OOO InU rust on deposits 33,4)52 Total 9J3.734 J82 To the resources will bo added future interest on bank deposits ami futicro subscript i ns to stock. New subscrip tions i ro (oming in daily, and Jho amount Vt'hieh will thus be realize! is certain to be large, though how much, it lU'lt.MXO. will be can now only 1 e sxirmised. An increase of $200,000 lrom thee roiire. s is a safe estimate. On tlie other hand, s;me deduction must be made for de- i.u nlier or su'tiscnliers having volun tarily paid up in full without waiting for the successive calls. The subscribers number about 3i,000. Among subscrib ers there have been nearly 000 deaths, nnd this, togetlor with impoverishment, tc, has caused thus far 11 delinquency in collect ions of between 7 and W per cent, of the am. unt due. This is less thin was anticipated. Making a very lib ml allowance 'lor delinquencies, tho net resources, as estimated, stand, in J round numbers, at 12? ,350,000, or about $4.H25.ono in ex -ess of the total esti j mated nceessiry expen liture. I U'.it of the rn4ouree. . he gate receipts, i co 11 e-sions and priv'lej i s, awl salvage, i representing a total of $!?,(' 0,( (0, are not ( lily estimate but are necessarily prosp, ctive. They c'il ot b; realized evt'li in part until the exposition epim j ai:d is in progress. Tlii 1 paiv.ige from ! t ie i.:isp s:il of the buibtings cannot, of jco irse, b- leil zel t:n-il after the fair J closes. It foil iws that ihe resour.-es j tivatUiMe preious to lhe tuiening of the cspoilio:i, bv which time, as ey plained al;Vf, ; l"0'),00 ), approxiniAteT.y, must j !! expanded, ere cut down tjo abtiut, j .150, 0 1. It will be st em tint about j $V;;"(V'0' niuet be providocl fo.- in some irartner. lmir, of 'nstnto tU 1. Theaitu il etc -tion of tlio exposition b :il lings legai in June, lS'.f. Now all f them .r b.ing pushed rapilly toward coiiiph tii:i, ami already sevei 11I are un der r o'. About 4,(.00 v'crkn 'ii are em ploy el. Work pr.MM els day end night. Wotra i's liuilding Thin is farthest advance 1 of all. It is nrfcd, and al most completed exteriorly. Covered ami adorned with "staff," it; appears like a marble palace. The fur.iishing of the inter'or is pro m-c ling. Mines liuilding The framework is up, and finishing touches . we being put; on the iron and glass r ot. The "staff" is being applied. Electricity Framework completed up to g.illery floor, and nearly all of the great ste 1 trusses for tho rof in place. Horticulture The pavilions; are up to the roof line. The west curtain is roof ed, iind the windows being pi aced. The iron work of the dome is bfing put in position. Transportation Framework practie a!ly comi l"t d, as also roi' sheathing over galleries. Clear-story trusses are beiiif raised. Administration Structural work of the four 1 avilions con pleteil nnd exteri or covering being applied. Iron work in place up to base of dome, 170 feet from ground. Machinery Hall Floor and 0,000 sup porting piers completed; superstructure going up, and foundation for annex be ing laid. Agriculture Interior columns nnd gallery girders and joists in position, and the great, iron columns supporting tho roof being placed. Of the Y,nno,00ti feet of lumber which the building will contain, more than half is already util ized. Manufactures and Liberal Arts The thirty and one-half acres of llooring are laid," and the superstructure is begun. The huge steel trusses for the roof, which together will contain ruire metal by 50 per cent, than the Brooklyn bridge, will soon be raised. Art Galleries Basement and floor are completed, and the brick walls have reached an average height of ten feet iibove the reeoiul floor. More than ...IIOD.OCO brick are already laid. Fisheries The gallery trusses of the main building are placed, and the iron franiewrkof iK.thpavilhms is completed. Forestry This is about three-fourths finishe 1, nnd will be occupied by the model-makers until spring, when the outside rustle work will be put on, nnd ihe temporary roof will lie replaced by a thatched one. Dairy All the column? are up to the roof line, and the gallery floor is being laid. Work on the Illinois State Building nnd 0:1 the United States Government liuilding is being pushed rapidly. The imitation Battleship is ompleted to the deck level. Insurance is placed and increased on the buildings as their construction pro ceeds. The amount now carried is above $1,000,000. During the Exposi tion, it is estimated, not less than $150, 000,000 or $200,000,000 of insurance will lie carried on the buildings and exhibits. All possible precautions are taken against fire. The Exposition grounds are already provided with a full equip ment of lire engines and apparatus. In the construction of the buildings about 60,000,000 feet of lumber and 18,000 tons of steel and iron will be used. In lhir adornment will be u tilled nearly K4.000 pieces of ornamental "staff" work, of which about on , -third are already completed. Coach Dogs. Dalmatian, or coach, dogs arc said to have been first bred in Dal mat ia, but it is by the last quoted name that they are best known. This arises from the fact of their being kept in stables and ara . nearly always, seen ! niPRip? after carriages KNOCKED THEM OUT. JERRY SIMPSON STAMPEDES PLACE HUNTERS. Amlflat the Wrangle and Jangle et Spoil Seekers the Kansas Statesman Seines Paint Some lusltle l'ointers on Wall Street Farmlns. Socrates Simpson. Jerry Simpson, with ids usual impetu ttsitv. knoi'keo out a little reMnrcitv ! scheme Wtween the Democrats and He- publicaus that will bring him into dis- ; favor with those who lo.'k to Congress j to provide for them all the rest of their lives. A resolution was before the House to make another door, anil to appoint to it as doorkeeper, at a salary of $100 per i month, a retired officer of the Union ' army, who was already drawing $1,100 j per year on account of disability, Tho Associated Press dispatch, which never ; favors our men, reports tho affair as be- j low: The Farmers' Alliance arraigned the ' Democratic and lUpublicHii parties in ' the House to-day on tne charge of ex travagance in public expenditures, and I insisted that the leading parties wore ' ignoring the practical legislation of the session in order to provide lucrative positions for favored henchmen of the j dominant pari ies. ltepresentative Simp- j son, of Kansas, whoso sobriquet of i "The Sockless Statesman" has given him rational reputation, was tho man j to prefer these charges against dominant i pariies, and his speech was one of the j most amusing and exciting incidents of . the day. The question of expenditures came up , under a resolution reported by the Cooi- ; mittee on Accounts to appoint Walter l- Ilalleek, a Union veteran, to the position j of assistant doorkeeper of the House, j After two or three Democrats and one r two Uepubliannshad favored the resolu- : tion in sp. oches, paying high tribute to j Maior Ilalleek. Mr. Fit hian till.) took i the hoor, and insisted that it was j time the Democratic majority of the -t House was brought to its senses, j Yesterday it had passed a resolution ' giving two messengers to the minority of the House. To-day, another resolu- i tion was proposed for an assistant door- ; keeper, and lo-morrow he supposed an- ; other resolution would come in giving j some place to some pet of some gentle- j man. j Mr. Butler (Iowa) said that the House was to determine to-day whether it action should be based on the judg- j nient of men or en the sentiment of the people who did not know the difference1 between wind nnd patriotism. 1 It was at this junction that the Farm- j ers' Alliance leader from Kansas ar- ! raigned the dominant parties. Alluding ; to the times this session when the reso- ( luliona for additional employes had been passed, he charged the two lending ' parties with log-rolling on these oca- sions and dividing the additional posi- j tions equally between the Democrats . and Kcpublicans. "It appears," s.tid Mr. Simpson, "that legislation is lost sight of in this attempt to inaugurate a new system of reciprocity. The Demo cratic and Bcpubliean parties have adopted a new reciprocity in this House in voting each other additional employ- . es. Why, Mr. Speaker, I have a con- ' stituent of my own hero from the State of Kansas who has done more for this , country in regard to valuable service rendered in Ihe war of the rebellion than any man recommend d to a posi- ; tion in this Congress. He actually j saved the army of lien. Pope from de struction in IN'12, and saved the city of Washington from capture by the reiiel army. He was a man in the employ of the secret service. 11' went through the lines into Bichmond, entered the 1 rebel army, became a spy and got intelli- ' gence that would save the army of Pope. ' As soon as he obtained the intelligence : he deserted, came through the rebel I lines, swam the river, got across safely, ! and informed deii. Poj- of the danger j which menaced him, and he has evidence ; to show for it, beariegthe signatures of : Gens. Pope and Sigel on it. Xotwith- i standing this fact, Mr. Speaker, I have i been unable to obtain even a messen- j ger's position for that man. simply be- cause he does not belong to the party in ! power; simply because he is neither a . Donnx rat nor a K pubi c 111. Yet I he great Congress of the Cnited States has been": consuming time, two. or three days to-j gether, in making positions for some : men because of the fact that members j on one side or the other want to get j their friends in office. So you have gone on until the whol-' city of Washington is i besieged by a hungry horde of political ! partisans who ure anxious to reach j down into the pockets of the tax payor j hllIlKl.r povertv ami distress stalk in and take their money to pay po itu::t mwtnu.lnX a'n.l appalling hoirorv folloers and friends for . political Twumwh (Xeb .) 1! epublicaii. service Mr. Simpson's speech was interrupted by frequent cries of "put him on the roll," "amend the resolution," and "he saved tho Vnion," but the speech of the gentleman from Kansas had the effect of overwhelmingly defeating the reso lution. ariH ignornn:-c "If the Farmers' Alliance or People's party or both had lot the railroads and national banks alone in their de mands, except as regards proper Gov ernment control, they could have com manded the support of every organized railroad employe in the country. But they must needs incorporate in their platform demands which the railroad employes must oppose in older to pro tect themselves in the positions which they have attained by years of hard la bor and the expenditure of a large share ol their earnings. The broken-down office-seekers and would-be politicians are, we believe, responsible for these fanatical demands." The above chunk of wisdom is from the National Federationist. a so-called organ of railroad employes, published nt Indianapolis. It is possible, says the Alliance Tribune that these hired lick- spittles of the railroads in particular, j and plutocracy in general, can deceive the railroad people for a time in their hypocritical pretense of advocating the interests of railroad employes as a blind to their real character as tools and hired emissaries of railroad corporations and the money power in keeping the labor ing people divided into factions and at war among themselves. Kansas has a j brace of these worthies one a Crouse. and a man who disgraces an official po, sition and named Mitchell, who pocketed railroad bjodlc last fall for their dirty work in keeping the laboring people and proiucers divided and at war with each other. No more despicable characters could be found anywhere than these dirty tools. No better proof is needed of the gross ignorance and absolute lack of independent manhood of the editor of that sheet than is conveyed in the above extract. We can not Jllev? that the railroad employes of tr's country have arrived at that point where they are ready to say that no attempt should be made to cure the avarice and greed of railway corporations for fear of vengeance being visited upon the em ployes, and yet this is exactly the idea sought to be conveyed by the truckling ass and ignoramus who penned tho above extract. That is exaytly the point the railroad corporations expect their pimps 10 man reat the impression that any attempt to control railways in any form will bo met with a reduction of wage- under the guise of economy. The rail- ! I roads can' afford to contribute liberally to help unscrupulous rascals to do dirty that kind, and no doubt art Wall Street Farming. A correspondent of the Atlanta Jour nal, who is of the Wall Street Investi gator, indulges in a bird's-eye review of the present state of business. He gives a very happy picture of tho effect of tho McKinlcy tariff. "In New England, cotton and woolen mills are busy f o:ne are running over time. Wages are lower than in Great Itritain. Englir.h and Scotch, operatives are going homo by every steamer, as the cost of clothing, fuel, rent, and furni ture is from 2." to 50 per cent, cheaper in England. "French Canadians are working in the mills for 75 cents per day, and sleeping ten or lifteeti persons in a squalid room. "Manufact urers of iron and other metal, goods are doing badly, owing to the high cost of coal, which must be brought from the West and South. Carloads of families go West cverv day." Those who think this a year of unex ampled prosperity would better see what is the matter wit-it this liar. But there is one prosperous class. "The farmers are only market garden ers. The hay crop of Main' averages $42,000,1 01, which is the only large crop raised. The market gardeners arc all well to do, and many ore rich. Barns costing $50,oHi are common sights. Maine, which has but 1150,000 inhabit ants, had in the saving banks on Jan. 1 $i;h,000,000. The New England farmers' wives and (laughters are all workers and money earners. Cheese-making, spinning, weaving and making of wooden ware, gloves, clothing and a thousand other articles, is carried on exclusively by these women." Indeed! Exclusively by these women. After getting rich at market gardening t h 1 fanners' wives'and daughtci 8 do these other little chores just for the fun of it. Farm women are i-o like Wall street women that they will work when they don't need to: "Middle Slates Banking, importing and export business is very lively." That is right Tinder his eye, so this In vestigator probably tells the truth. Those groat productive industries bank ing, imports, ami exports are very lively. Dry goods and groceries are also brisk, for the weather is cold and men get hungry, but iron and other manufactures are "dull." "Western States Humming with ac tivity attributable to the bountiful crops of last year. Mortgages are being paid off. Bate of interest is tending down ward. Money plentiful f.nd rotes favor ing the borrower. Copper mining is booming, owing to tho development of electrical industries all over the world. "Towns and cities are being built up rapidly in the Northwest, and thousands of Canadians, Norwegians, and Germans are settling 011 the farming lands." Xw this prevaricator has struck the territory of our readers. 1 hey can judge of his statement for themselves: "Southern States The general favor able condition of business has not ex tended to the South. Lenders of money refuse to lend frenjy to planters till more is known concerning the situation as to cotton, mining, tobacco, rice, and sugar. Manufacturing and phosphates are all doing well, and buildir.g is very active. Money from tho Xt rth is build ing up thousands of industries." That is. after bleeding ihe Western States to death, the money sharks are just beginning to turn attention to the chances in the South. But this ends the chapter: "The farmers are getting a groat deal of gratuitous advice from men who don't know how to farm, anil are wasting much time talking about politics and Imam e which might be better sp nt in nttoiulirg to their personal interests 011 the farms. Everybody is preparing a cure for hard tim s in the South. Here are three rub s which I should like to see pasted up in public places: "1. Stop croaking. "2. Go to work. ":. Keep at work." Oh dear! Let us adjourn the confer ence and "go to work" and "keep at work." OvorproUuelloii the Cause. That existing conditions are not to be ascribed to the indolence or shift loss im providence on th part of our farmers w, point to their broad and well-till d fields and the ahiiudant harvests which crown their toil, and which with an ex ception of two years have furnished an nually, since 1H50, over 60 per cent, of all our domestic exports. Is it due to overproduction? The broa 1 world is our market and its teaming millions our ready custodiers, and all over our own fruitful and (iod-favorod land gaunt j Ah Ve Sow Ye Shall Reap. j It. is edifying to thoughtful people to I see groat armies of laltoring people en i gaged in long and bitter strike and , hear 1 hem howl altout the oppression of i capital, and th' n on election day, march I up to the polls and cast their votes for j the same candidates and policy as does j the capitalist. In politics we must take j human nature as we find it. It is natu. . ral for the capitalist to vote for tho I policy that advances his interests. If the laboring man will vote for the same 1 policy let him accept the results like a j man without grumbling. Cincinnati j Herald. Not Half Told. I John Swinton, of New York, urges for a better equippe I series of labor bu i reaus, that we may have authorative ut l ternnces upon the condition of the la j lairing masses. We wish to say that such should be established, for the sim ! pie reason that there is a deep-seated suspicion that the representation of the I labor agitators are designed exaggera- tions. The story of labor's sorrow has i not. never can be, told. Its terrible con I dition in the squalid portions of our large cities is enough to appall tn- aver- age heart of man. Therefore, we fay, let there be more and better bureaus. We never can act intelligently until we know the whole trut h. Progressive Age. I'efler r Sherman. reffer introduced a bill to loan $100, 000,000 to farmers in Indiana who could give good security, and bv this means save their homes from the money Jews 01 fcurope. Sherman introduced a bill to give $100,000,000 to a company to build the Nicaragua canal, and add to their already great wealth the profits accruing from the enterprise. Take your choice. Origin or ireat Truth. Almost all the great truths relating to society were not the results of scholarly meditation, but have been first heard in the solemn protests of martyred pat:aot ism and the loud cries of crushed and starved labor. When common sense and comn o 1 people had stereotyped a principle int a statute, then book m n came to explain how it was discovered. Wendell Phillips. Splits." The "splitting" capacity of the Alliance and the People's party is perfectly marvelous. Not a day passes that it does not "split" somewhere. We hope DJtw 4Ki w i.t.a. C,, " " " ""u,uu 8pht foranto8- Tp thc is t tu rK- !. in thia campaign that issue will be on tfea money question. work of doing it. WASHINGTON GOSSIP. THE GAMUT OF GASTRONOMY RUN BY STATESMEN. Secret of the Restaurant Colons Who Live on llrcati and Milk -Distinguished Politicians Who Itegule Themselves on Turkey The l'erk nnd llean Eaters. Senatorial knacks. PIT a knire to thy throat li thou be a man given to ap petite," said Solo mon. Some of lha peophi who live in this year of gra o do not think th' ad vice good. Neither suicide nor eating with a k n i f e i s good form in these days. It must lie evident even to the casual visitor at the Senate restau rant that Mie wise ll'fiB ninn was not ad- Iressing his re marks to Unit i-d States Senators. No self-respecting Senator ever allows his knife to get within a foot of his jugu lar. Members of the House may, per haps, elevate their pork and beans to the mouth level without the assistance of a fork, but the dignified Senator never permits the glittering steel greater alti tude than th third button on his vest. The day for eating with your knife was cut short by that happy invention the four-pronged fork. Popular interest in Senators increases in a greater ratio than does the number of those more or less distinguished leg islators. The thousands of visitors who daily tramp through nnd around and about the Capitol delight in prying into tho senatorial existence; they occupy the Senate floor until removed by the opening of the session and ihe energy of several employes; they survey Senators from the galleries and criticise ihcir respective and generally respectable appearance; they peep through half opened committee-room doors and reach lhe apex of the tourist's bliss when they behold a Senator engaged in, the con sumption of food. "He's catin' raw oysters," said a stranger to his wife the other day. The couple had, from afar, followed one of the Senators who represent their State, to the Senate restaurant. Tho male tourist watched tho alleged legislator commence feeding, and then roorted to the waiting but equally curious female. Tho Senate restaurant is an interest ing place. Business do S not really commence until noon, but for half an hour thereafter there is no rush. Then SENATOR OOKR IS A PIE RATlll comes the crowd of hungry ones, and from 12:30 until after two o'cloc k the waiters hardly have time to perspire. F.very table has its quota of occupants, and the string f humanity that leans up against the long counter is tolerably continuous. It is a good place to find a'most any lot one, whether Senate or Senator employe, to say nothing of the liberal sprinkling of newspaper men who hurry in and out, combining the hasty pleasure of eating with the business of gathering information. To feed all these hungry ones Mr. Page has t: employ about thirty people twelve of them in the kitchen and they all have reasonable opportunity to earn their recompense. Three dusky retainers at tend t the customers at the lunch counter, transmit orders of waiteis to the kitchen and hand out the tangible rei-ponses. Of those James Lewis is chief. He is invariably designated "Lewis," nnd he probably would not know that he was I eing spoken to if I otherwise addressed. His business-like silence is as marked as his business like ability. But it was not the average luncher that a Washington Star reporter be came interested in. He had both eyes on Senators and on the men who do their bidding in the private dining rooms from Head Waiter Dick Shaw, portly, tuave ami f olid y respectable, down to the latest of Mr. Page's ap pointee. There is abroad in the land a vague imprrssion to the effect that Senators Ftibsist principally on terrapin and champagne. It, may be necessary to state that this impression is errone ous. Senators eat just about as do other-men whose circumstances are on about the same financial level they seem to have in them a great deal of human nature. More democratic, broadly speaking, nnd more simple in his stomachic ap petite than any other Senator is Senator FBI TJS LIKES PORK AND BSAKS. Coke of Texas. He is a regular caller at the restaurant, but when he does put in an appearance his invariable desire is for pie piece of pie and a glass of water. He might enjoy these life sus tained in the comparative privacy of the senatorial rooms, but he fxefers to stand right up against the counter and there wash down large chunks of high grade pie with the assistance of clear spring water. Senator Blair used to do the same thing, but he did it regularly and perhaps a little more stylishly; he always drank 'milk with his pie and the pie was either apple or custard. Many a good news paragraph has the author and finisher of the education bill given away while rubbing Ubows with a news paper corresponcjent at tbat resteurspt mm ' fm.twrrrrrr. j iwiiiig,':.-! ...I. . . rr ii! Jlllffr i u :i ' 1 counter. Mr. Blair's departure from the Senate leaves Senator Coke in un disputed possession of that counter. But there are good feeders in the Sen ate and the kinds of luncheon they daily dispose of could not be served on the counter. Perhaps the most conslstontly "good" are Senators McMillan, Wash burn. Hoar and Squire. McMillan and W'ashburn generally lunch together, and they cat steaks and chops and salads and such like (olid goods. Senator Squire b -lieves in the eamo sort of foo l. S nat ir Hoar once excited much popular commiseration by stating that codtiish w.is his staple article of diet. That may bo th nir.in source of his nutriment at home, lu' in the Senate his tendencies are toward tnrrapin or broiled oysters; none of tho waiters ever heard him mention codfish. 151a k btirn's favorite dish is deviled ham. Teller manages to get, along very nicely with a modicum of cold tongue or corned beef. Sawyer is devoted to custard pie and milk: he likes a liberal sprinkling of cheese with his pie. Another lover of pie is Wilson; the variety is apple, and it must be hot. Frye believes broiled oyst rs to be f atisfactory. but Stanford prefers lamb chops or calves' liver and bacon. Fulton is very fond of pork and beans. Sanders, like n arly all the other Northwestern Senators, coi sumes oysters; he likes them raw the rawer the hotter. Davis lives well; fdrloin steaks are his weakness. Manderson is also properly fed; oysters are a spe cialty, and a chafing dish stew is tho X rnocTon ano kvi.e eat ovsrrns. favorite. Hawley consumes oysters. A Hi stui thrives on eraham bread toast ami a pot of tea. Hal wants a bowl of custard and a glass of milk. Gorman figures out the moves on the national hess bi a"d while disposing of cold turkey. Harris has an affection for oysters t'int have ben I roil-d. Vance eats but little. He is -atif-ti d generally with a eandwhi h, a gtass of milk and, sometimes, an apple. Faulkner devours the raw oyster; Bbdgctt, the firloin steak. Cockrell is an infrequent visitor. He eats the simplest fare. McPhorson is very regular on bake 1 apple "un p ling. Dawes delights in a omel I eef sandwich and a glass of milk. Do'ph wants, and go's, I roiled oysters ni.d ustard pie. Mitch dl loves oyster stew, Pro;t ir eats oysters. So does Kyle. Palmer favors lamb chops. Briee leans toward yster patties. Colquitt has three rr.eaus. Sometimes his choice is cold turkey, to.i.ctimcg torned beef, sometimes a glass of milk ar.d a lowl f custard. Ransom, isof opinion that noth ing is fo good ns quail on toast. Vice President Morton strengthens the inner man with raw or broile I oysters at times; occasional) he is satisfied with a pie-.'o of pie nnd a glass of n ilk. SJ c:imin is a pie and milk enthuVat, but once in a while he tries raw oysters. Hill I as been absent from the it y most of the time f-ince lie left the gubernatorial chair at Albany; he has been in the restaurant, however, and his preference ro far seems to bo for coll turkey and a pot of coffee. Keen-witted political prophets may do well to note th? fact that Gorman and Hill l o'h cat cold turkey turkey th it might properly be termed "stuffed." .Tones of Nevada swears by broiled bla-k bass. Berry likes broiled oysters. Cameron has to have the largest raw oysters that are available; occasionally In? partakes of a chafing-dish stew. uay. like Gorman and Hill, is all right when supplied with cold trukey ami cof- AT.I.1SON T.l'iE All AM 11 It 0. Alt ASI TEA. fee. Sto:'kbridge can get along very nicely on pie and milk, wi'h broiled oys ters for a change once or f o in a week. Power is an oyster man. Higgim con sumes baked appl s and cream. Wol cott keeps up his avoirdupois on hot roast turkey ami broiled oysters. Casey smiles through the day with the help of raw or broiled oysters. . Chilton, too, likes raw oysters. Shoup is a linn be liever in the virtues of bn ad ami milk. Dubois likes cold tongue or co'd roast beef. Carlisle, who has not been around very much this fossion, is enamored of chops. Voorhees is a light ea'er; a sandwich is his average. White wants a good porterhouse i-tonk and is sup plied. George indulges in broiled oysters nnd a glass of milk. Walthall is an other oyster lover, and Wnrrpu and Carey are like-minded. Stewart pays Cashier Bims for a stew or a reasonable quantity of either corned beef or roast beef, cold; he drinks a jot of tea. Oyster stew is Turpie's fav. riti bever age. Faddoek devotes himself to raw oysters or to baked apples with cream. Chandler lives well; a chafing-dish stew suits his comrdaint most days; occasion ally he prefers a bowl of bread end milk. Pettlgrew does not starve; he cats steak or chops. Hiscock is not a regular luncher; when he does go down he rarely eats anything but a bowl of bread and milk. Piatt is a regular boarder; he, too, likes bread and milk, but not always; sometimes it is a bowl of custard or a sclcjp stew. Daniel eats raw oysters. So does Perkins. Like wise Vest. When V st wants raw oysters he cats (hem at the oyster couu ter. When his appetite is not oyster struck he goes into the private dining room and waits while a cook broils a large slice of cold roast beef. Very few of the Senators cat dessert wht n their luncheon is of th! solid sort; very few of them have ladies to lunch with them. The New York Express intimates that th2rc are 14,000 girls at work in that city simply toget more expensive clothes than could otherwise be afftrdeJ. and tbey are taking the plate of boys who would make the occupations a life-work and pursue tbem to support others. - The girl has crowded the boy to the waJL CRUSHED BY THE CARS. SEVEN KILLED IN A RAILWAY COLLISION. . A Passenger Engine Crashes Into a Tiala Containing Hundreds of Milwaukee Workmen and Many Are Mangled Keform School Uurned. Met Sudden Death. The absent-mindedness of a switch' man, or the physical impossibility cf fcis being in two places at one time, rc Miltod in the accident on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Ilailwny at Milwaukee, which caused the instant death of seven men. According to a dispatch giving perticu lars, the accident occurred at the foot of 17th street a few minutes befo-e 4 o'clock Tuesday afternoon. Tho fact that the trains were moving at a com parat ively slow rate of speed alone pre vented a railway horror which would have counted its dead by the scores. All the Killed and injur d were em ploy s of the railroad company arid re tutnitg from Iheir work at the West Milwaukee shops cn the shop train, which consists of seven old-fashioned coaches. The train had just passed 1! th street wh n the Watertown special came thundering along on a parallel tiack. Just before it overtook the shot) train a whito-raed switchman lush d out, waving his arms, and the next instant the Watertown special took the switch and plunged into the rear coaches cf tho shoj train. Three of the shop train coaches were toppled over and ground into the cin ders of the roadliod. Several cars on the passenger train left, the rails, tut w ro not overturn d. The men in tho overturned cars struggled to free them selves. The frightened pnssengirs of tho Wateitown ppecial recovered Iheir senses and rjf-hd from the cars and in side of two minutes 200 rren fr re at work rescuing the men from the wrc ked cars. Many were cut awl bleeding, I ut by the time lhe police palr.d wagon ar rived most of them had recovered K'.iftl ciently to walk cr be carried away by friends. Those who were killed suit r -d a' most instant deat h. They w, re men who at tempted to jump from the side d rs -f the old coaches and were crushed to death when the nrs toppled over . it lliein. The bodies were all quickly taken from the wreckage and conveyed to the morgue. The picture at the wreck was ono which few people could look upon With out a shudder. Beneath the overturned cars, which had been raised- with levers sufficiently to release the liodi s of the. dead, were strewn pieces of flesh, whilo the tracks were stained with the blood of the unfortunates. Here was a crush ed hat, nnd th re a battered dinner-pail. The workmen who escaped hu-ried'y went to their homes or their friends, and the ground was aeon abandoned to the employes of the company vs a od in e'earing the tracks and tty ng to as certain the exact cause of the acci Jeut, The latter proved an easy task. Will Battels, the switchman in charge, went to Superintendent M. Krnna, asked his advice and then gave himself up to the police, to whom he admitted that ho had left three switches open in the per formance of his duty, his only excuse being that he forgot to cioe them. He was loclrod up pending investigation. There was great indignatioa among the neighbors of the d ad, who talked about hanging the switchman responsible for the disaster. Few of the friends of tho vioCms heard of the accident until lh remains were brought to fiecity, i n I the most affecting scenes were oracled nt the morgue when the work of Identi fication was going on. A singular f ature of the accident was that nobody upon the express train was injur d. The railway officials maintained their usual policy of refusing to give out any information concerning the wreck, and the r. gents of tho claim department, who have charge of the work of settling damage claims against lh company for injuries, were upon the ground a'most as soon.as the local police officers. Bartels, the switchman who is held re sponsible for tho cause of the wreck, was s-en at the Central Police Station. He has two men under him as assist ants, and the three, according to tho stateni nts of Bartels, are kept fo busy that it frequently becomes necessary for him to rely upon his sutordinates to see that the switches are in the roper po sition. He admits he turned two of tho switches, and may have left them pen. He is Iwenty-nine years old. He says that he is anxious to make all the amends wbi h are in his power, orwhich the law may require cf him in a criminal way. RKFURM SCHOOL FIRED BVCIKLS. Inmates nt an Indiana Institution Itnra It Itown lo Ciala Their Liberty. It is likely that Gov. Chase may call a spo dal session of the Indiana Legis lature to arrange for the rebuilding of the Women's Keform School which burned Tuesday night. The building was entirely destroyed. The fiie was d.'s.'ovenda few minutes after supper in the laundry of the reform d pay ment. The prison department was the last to go, and the cradling cf the iron cages as the supports gave way was heard for many a mile. The institution was situatel in the center of a live-acre Held on the eastern edge of Indian apolis. It was a model prison e nd one of the most r.oted in the country. From those confined in the prison d partment the most trouble was antici pated. Miss Kelly, the superintendent, went Into the hallway, and in a loud tone called the attention of the prison ers to the fact that the building w.:soii lire. I am going to unlock these cell-, but I want you to promise me that you will stand by me and not one attempt to escape." The women with one voice promised this, and the doors were opened. Of the inmates of this department there are eight who have hern sentence d for life and a half-dozen or more for long terms. So far as known none of the pr's.mers made any attempt to ercape, though eome of the reform girls were discovered roaming about Ihe streets of the city, and they were sent to the police station. The fire was of incendiary origin, three girls, Imogene Thompson, Mary Stevens and Lyd a Kinsclcy, it is claimed by other inmates, having formed a c n spiracy to free themselves in this way, if possible, by creating a stampede. The loss will exceed $300,000. Keeleijr Moat Speak. . Bicmj-h iob cf gold may have done feme killing, but fuel oil is still sway ahead. Pittsburg Times. Dn.KEEt.ET may be holding histe cret in trust for widow j and orph: n , but he makes wives and children ut up if they desire to indulge In the luMiry of turning a drunken husbnnl and father into a sober man. Milwaukee Journal. This "Kceley cure" business is having one effect, and that is of developing a lot of confirmed Inebriates for llu pub lic edification. We hear of a number of prominent Kew-Englanders who are be ing boasted of by their friends as bene ficiaries ot the cure, in smiling uncon aelonsneaa of lha Indictment that they tuw been Inebriates. Boeton Beeor.