Newspaper Page Text
AY a TTTv-n m II m nr
MOM, VOLUME II. MEMriUS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY MAY 12, 1892. NUMBER 15. TIOW OOVFKYOliS 1,1 VF, ' 11U" ' iviiu, MANY HAVE POOR PROVISION FOR THEIR COMFORT. Home of Private Joe Fifer and Hl Fam ily Peck Knjoys Himself at Wisconsin's Capital Executives of Some Other States Fare Badly. Fifer ami 111 Home. Tho mansion whleh the State of Illi nois has provided for its chief executives was ilrst occupied by William II. 1M Belltwhowas elect ed Governor of the State in 1806, end who died in often. Then followed John Wood, Kichard Yates, lliehnrd J. Oglesby, John M. Palmer, Kichard J. O'lesby, John L. Hllli'l, lieveridge, Shelby M. Culloni itwo John M. Hamilton, oov. rtr:R. fuceessivo terms and Richard J. Oglesby again. It was well planned, and although an Id struc ture tho building was so thoroughly overhauled, inside find o it, about two rears ago that it still makes d creditable and comfortable, if not in elegant, ex ecutive mansion. It is a plain I rick Structure, and is situated on the south end of an entire block o' ground. Tho ground to the north slopes gently to the street, tho lawn is thickly studded with fine shade trees, und a foimtivn plays in front of tho house between the grace fully curved carriage drives. The present occupants of the mansion aro Governor and Mrs. J. W. Fifer, their GOVERNOR'S MANSION. ILLINOIS. daughter Florence, aged about fifteen years, and son Herman, who is perhaps seventeen years of age. The house is ce mfortably and tastefully, though not extra vagently, . furnished by the State, and the State also pays the expense of heating, lighting, and of caring for tho ground.s. The other household expenses ore paid by the Governor out of his private purse. Governor Fife" and his family are what may be called plain livers, and yet they live in a manner be fitting their station. Mrs. Fifer is an unaffected and refined lady a splendid type of the American wife and mother and is very much in love with her hus band and children. She is an excellent performer on tho piano and entertains charmingly. Governor McKintey. Governor McKinley has his home .at the Chittenden Hotel, as tho state of health of his wife prevents keeping house. The Governor lives very quietly, and is not much given to society. lie walks from the hotel to the State House for the sake of the fresh air and the exercise. Ho seldom goes out in the evening. Ever since he has been Gov ernor he has been almost overwhelmed with demands upon his time. He really Is not given sufficient time for his meals, and he finds it impossible to give proper consideration to his mail. Gov. ana Mrs. Muain- ley have a pretty suite of rooms at the Chittenden. In addition to parlor and private rooms, tho Major has a snuggery or libra ry, and there is also a private diningroom, where Gov. and Mrs. McKinley take GOV. M KINI.F.r. all their meals. Tho great protection champion is a man of decided domestic habits. He spends every spare mo ment of his time in the company of his invalid wife, and his unfaltering devotion to her is shown by his every effort to provide for her comfort, and so far as possible make her life one of constant sunshine. Governor 1", ck's Home. Governor Peck occupies, perhaps, as handsome a home as any State Execu tive in the country, and it is, too, a homo rich in historic associa tions. As the illustra tion shows, the house is located among tow ering elm trees on tho bank of a lake Men dota, in tho euphonious language of the Indians .with whom its banks were in primitive times favorite haunt. The location is charming in t h e extreme. Tho oov. feck. pr0n,j8 surrounding the residence embraeo more than an acre, and are always maintained in ex cellent order. The house is very roomy, and Is furnished in handsome style. Governor Peek lives quietly, yet ele gantly, and entertains but little. The absence of social entertainments is, however, duo chiefly to the delicate health of the mistress of the establish ment, who twenty years ago was tho wife of an impecunious printer, occupying a humble home on a back street of La Crosse. That printer, however, is the present Governor of the GOVERNOR S MANSION. MADISON. WIS. commonwealth. The Governor is par ticularly at home at a dinner party or banquet, where the men have things all their own way. Then he overflows with fun and Is a delightful neighbor. He tells a story in rattling fashion and has & big stock of good ones always on tap. He enjoys humor wherever it develops, and is an admirable auditor to the droll narrations of others. The house in which the Governor lives was the same in which Ole Bull, the famous violinist, courted Miss Thorpe, and it was there that he won and wedded that talented young lady. Ola Bull died abroad i OHIO'S EXECUTIVE Bt'II.DINO. about ten years ago, and soon afterward the property was sold to Governor Husk, and by him later to tho State. Gover nor Peek lives surrounded by distin guished people. Senator Vilas' hand some home is but a block away, whilo judges, university professors, State offi cials and capitalists are all about him. It is a congenial neighborhood, full of culture and refinement. Indiana's Executive. It has long been a reproach to tho State of Indiana that her chief magis trates have not been provided with a residence suitable t o the dignity of the office to which the suffrages of her people liavo called them. Hut, whilo a mansion is not pro vided for tho residence of its Governor, its present executive, byg 1.1 - ! 1 I - V nu ouu cuiuciueiicc, is I domiciled more e 1 e- ! gantly than were any ov- chase. j of his predecessors. When the new S eapitol was erected, at a cost of $'2,000, j 000, apartments were arranged for tho I judges of the Supreme Court not resi i dent in the city, and for the Lieutenant I Governor. The latter was supposed to i be there only during the meetings of tho i Legislature, and ho wa- provided with two rooms, one for his private office and tho other for a sleeping apartment. As Lieutenant Governor, Chase took jos sessl n of these apartments, ami when Governor Hovey died ho al so succeeded to the latter's elegant par lors. He still continues to occupy the rooms alloted to him as Lieutenant Governor. Ihe office is furnished with a desk, book-case and chairs, and a rrussels carpet covers tho flo;r. Fold ing doors connect it with his sleeping apartment, which is similarly carpeted, and contains a folding bed, easy chairs upholstered in damask and plush, marble top washstand and dresser, and a small writing table and wardrobe, the furni ture being in oak to correspond with tho finishing of tho room. Tho windows are draped with damask, and altogether the Executive has apartments that aro hardly surpassed in the city. The Gov ernor's family reside at Danville. Mrs. Chase had the small-pox some eighteen years ago, and when she recovered from the disease it was found that her sight had been very seriously impaired. She continued to grow worse, and some eight years ago became totally blind. The family is comfortably domiciled nt Dan ville, and it is understood that Mrs. Chase is averse to taking up her resi dence in Indianaj olis. Governor ltolcs. Iowa as yet has no gubernatorial mansion, and Gov. Boies lives at the Savory Hotel in Des Moines. The Gov ernor's home is at Waterloo. For many years he lived in a modest one-story cottage, with broad verandas opening out on spgeious and j well-kept lawns, but during the last year he built a new homo. i r i. i . : V BOTE'S. III! HUB UCCU I 1CU married. His first wife, Adella King, died in Erie County before he came to Waterloo. A daughter survived her, who is now Mrs. J. W. Carson, living at Mount Vernon, Iowa. His second wife was the daughter of Dr. Barber, for merly of Erie County, but who had located at Waterloo before his daugh ter's marriage. He had eome West for her health, and it was this circum stance that probably had much to do with the final location of Mr. Eoies at Waterloo, Three children survived her two eons and one daughter. E. L. and Herbert Boies are two bright young men who are carrying on with the help of their father's advice a large law practice which he had built up at Waterloo. Miss Jessica Boies presides over the Govern or's household, and i-i the only member of the Governor's family who displays any interest in his official position. This young .lady is about 2i years old, and spends' considerable time with her father in Des Moines. She is a most interesting young woman, very popular in society circles loth at Waterloo, Des Moines, and throughout the State. She is known in tho best society in all tho different cities in Iowa. Tall and state ly, she is a handsome brunette with an especially graceful carriage and pleasing manners. She is an active member of the Congregational Church and lakes an earnest interest in the promotion of re ligious woik. Governor Boies has two splendid farms in Iowa, which he operates by means of tenants and by" the cultivation of a great many acres himself. His whole landed possessions aggregato about 3,500 acres, most of which he ac quired when Iowa was a young State and lands were cheap. Governor Boies' tastes and habits are of the simplest OOVERNOll BOIES' WATEI!t.OO HOME. kind. Ho is a plain, every-day Ameri can citizen. Michigan's Chief Magistrate. Michigan's Governor, Edwin B. Wi nans, of Hamburg, has become one of the best known executives in tho Union, because Michi gan, heretofore one of the strong C6 1 licpublican States, went Democratic while his name headed the State ticket. In appearance the Governor is a man of command ing figure, tall, straight, and rail-itary-iookin g, with decided feat ures that impress oov. winans. one very favorably, and can on occasion express the kindness and gentleness of a woman. His hair is iron-gray, and a mustache of like color adorns his face and sets off, very attractively, a pair of bright eyes that seem to inspire confl uence m the man When away from tho capital city the Governor's time is generally spent at his handsome country ho re, one mile out from Hamburg, Livingston County, and which comprises a farm of 400 acres of the best of larmmg land, and is de voted almost entirely to diversified farming. Pestered by Cranks. Kansas boasts of one of tho finest eapitol buildings in the country. It is Hearing completion and will cost S4, 000.000. The first of the four winjes was built twenty-three years ago and appro priations for continuing the work have been made at eaen session 01 tno Legis- la'ure. At several sessions bills have been introduced providing for the pur chase or tne erection 01 an executive man sion, but they have invariably failed of passage, so that tha Governor has been compelled to either rent unr lumish hie I own homo or take up his residence at I dri one of tho hotels. Gov. Humphrey decided upon the latter course, and select d a suit of two pleasant rooms at tho Co;teland, the reeognized Republi can headquarters of the State. The Copeland stands directly in front of tho main entrance to the State Capitol, one block distant. Tho Governor's living room has a bay window overlooking the Capitol. It is cozily furnished, and heated by steam and an open lire. Tho vexations and annoyances which come to the Governor are legion. The office seeker and his backer are ever present, and their staying qualities would bo worthy of emulation by the youth of the land if o.v rted in another direction. A day rarely passe when one of them is not on hand to offer his advice and good offices to the Governor as he struggles to arrive at a conclusion that will be for the best interests of the State and people. In Nebraska's Capital. Nebraska has no executive mansion, an 1 Governor Boyd resides at the Lin coln Hotel, whleh is the most pretentious hostelry in the city, and here ho can re ceive and entertain his friends in a handsome manner. Governor Boyd is fond of goo 1 living, ys though not given to tAlItltjtIIClT, CllUt l 0!)V. novo. always wuu mu best tho market affords upon his table. He is not a rich man, but possesses enough of this world's wealth to enable him to gratify his desires in this direc tion. He is" not selfish, and likes to have his frien Is about him and to dis pense hospitality with a liberal hand. As yet he is new to the capital, and his future mode of life is not yet known, even to himself. Circumstances will have to determine such questions. In the meantime he lives in modest and unassuming though comfortable quar ters, entertaining as expediency may dictate or pleasure command. Those who know him best say that Governor Boyd will not be lacking in tho social amenities of his position. An Improved Horseshoe. The London General Omnibus Com pany is about to make a thorough trial of an improved horseshoe, which is said to have been subjected to se vere tests on the European Continent with very satisfactory results. The idea, which is the invention of a Frenchman named Pigot, is a very simple one, consisting merely of the affixing to the underpart of the shoe of two strips of cork, one on each side. "The cork strips," says a print ed description, "are held in position by two very thin sheet-iron plates firmly fastened together by a rivet. The outer edges of these plates are slipped between the shoe and the hoof. The inner edges are turned up wards, forming flanges, between which and the inner edge of the shoe the cork blocks are tightly fixed. Uetwen these flanges is fitted a screwed bolt with nuts at cither end, so that when the nuts are tight ly screwed against the fianges the whole is perfectly immovable. In order to hold the cork still firmer in position the corners of the fianges are turned down over it, thus forming a couple of sockets, into which the cork, which at first sight slightly projects over the suriace or me snoe, is am d and compressed more firmly every iay ny tneweignioi tne norse. These shoes are said to enable the horse to obtain such a grip upon a slippeiy surface that slipping is al most impossible and straining is greatly diminished. The Brussels Tramway company, aftertrying them for six months, has adopted them for general use. The extra expense is estimated at 7.;jO a year for each horse, against which must be put a saving on the wearing of the shoe and l prolongation of the life of the ani mal. A SnrviT.tr of (lie I Hack Hawk War. A survivor of the Black Hawk war is still living in f reeport, in., in uie person of Mrs. "William Lawhorn. She is the widow of one of the baud of settlers who helped to build the fort on Apple Itiver, which was after wards attacked by the Indians. It was constructed of split logs set on end and making a stockade twelve feet high. The wagons and goods of the settlers' families were taken inside, and there gathered the men, women, and children when the news reached them of the advance of Black Hawk and his bloodthirsty warriors. The whites did not have long to wait. Throe hundred and fifty braves in full war-paint suddenly appeared on the crest of the prairie. After three hours of hard lighting the Indians were repulsed by the sharp and un erring flre from the settlers' rifles, taking their dead with them. One of the whites, Haskel Rhodes, was killed, and two were wounded. Dur ing the seige Mrs. Lawhorn and other women molded bullets and helped the men to load their rifles. As the Indians drew off the settlers sallied forth, only to fall into an ambuscade and lose several of their little force. Mrs. Lawhorn attends the reunions of the few Black Hawk veterans who survive. She is now nearly 80 years old, and was about 30 years of age at the time of the tight on Apple lliver. The Biggest Gmii Have Failed. The heaviest modern ordnance, the English 110-ton gun, has failed to fulfill initial or experimental promises in more serious handling or application, for reasons now undergo ing careful investigation. With a charge of nearly 1,000 pounds host pris matic gunpowder and a cylindrical steel shot of the enormous weight of 1,800 pounds, it was found at the final test that this prodigious shot penetrated entirely through com pressed armor steel-faced iron of twenty inches thickness, then through an iron backing some five inches thick, after which it pierced wholly through twenty foot of oak, five feet of granite, eleven feet of hard con crete, and three feet into a brick wall. It was concluded, of course, that no existing fortress, much less armored vessel, could withstand such a shot, but the difficulty of sea han dling has proven so formidable a fac tor that the most sanguine expecta tions as to the efficiency of such vast ordnance in practical service seem doomed to disappointment. 3few York Sun. A bedcoed that is said to be almost everlasting is in the possession of Mr. Moody, of Winterport, Me. It is made of the sinews of a whale, and has been in constant use since 1783. A minister in. this State wae, it is said, successively a barber, a bartcndci and a variety theater actor before he be came converted. I10W FAUMS ARE LOST. A SOLUTION TO THE QUESTION. "DOES FARMING PAY 7" Kcsnlts Show that It Does t Price of Farm Products llavo J ecreasccl While the Farmer's Outlsiy Has increased all lino Line. V liy Farmer Fall. It is easy to see how men lost their farms who went in debt for them. Men who bought farms for ffiO an acre when wheat was worth $2 a bushel and went in debt $2,1)00, thought they could pay out with 1,000 bushels of wheat. I heard of one man ; says a writer, who was told that he need pay only $200 a year, besides the interest, so he went along paying $200 a year for live years. All tl: is time the price of wheat had fallen just about as fast as he had reduced the debt. When wheat struck $1 a bushel he surprised himself one day by happening to think that he had been paving $200 a year on his principal all these years, but that it would still take 1,000 bush els to pay the debt. About this time wheat tumbled to 00 cents, his gravel road bed tax added to the other taxes he had to pay run up to $150, ho lost a horse or two, and the result was he failed to pay tlieintercst. Ho gave his note for it and borrowed some to pay his taxes. Nest year his wheat crop failed again, he got sick himself and hired a hand, everything went from bad to worse. He got dis couraged and went to drink, and was finally sold out by the sheriff. He still thought that if it had not been for the infernal Democrats he might have pulled through. He was a good Re publican, one of the kind of whom Abraham Lincoln said: "You can fool part of the people all of the time." His great financial mistake was not turning his whole farm into a wheat field while wheat was high, and by working himself and his wife and chil dren early and late he might have paid out. But he, honest soul, thought that this being a government of the poeple, by the people, and for the people, money being plenty and prices good, it would always be so, and he could live like a white man ought to and still pay out. If he had received a copy of the Hazzard letter, and could have (PUBLIC 0FF1CIAL I Of fill HOURS 'YOU BET? 80 PER CENT OF ' - ft -:- r been led to believe that there was any body in the United States mean enough to try to carry it out, "It is bet ter to control the money of the nation and through it the wages of the peo ple than it is to own the; slave," or if he could have read wha Jefferson said about banks being more dangerous to the liberties of the people than stand ing armies, he might have hustled enough to pay ojif". Pear reader if you should venture to humbly petition your servants in Congress ff make legal-tender paper money pK'nty enough to enable yon to do business upon a cash basis, and to pay your debts, you would bo called an inflationist, a calamity howler and rej.udiator by the papers, and a fool by the political party IJemocraticor liepnolican you have always been voting with. Tiiose subsidized papers will also tell you that it don't make any difference whether money is plenty or not. Thev say yon can buy more with your money njw than ever before. Look at sugar, they say, yon used to pay 25 cents a pound for it, now yon can buy twenty pounds for a dollar. To this silly answer that the bankers have told the papers to tell you every week for years, I answer : If we were all producers it would not make much difference, lint we are not; we have a large army of non-produeers who never produce a cent's worth of wealth, but they "fare sumptuously every day" on the wealth produced by others. It is in these two parties the producers and the non-prodneers that the differ ence exists between high and low prices, and cheap and dear money. All professional men charge twice as much as they used to when wheat was $2 a bushel, and it costs ten times as much to bury you. It is neeessary to have Legislators to make laws for both State and Nation, and officers to administer those laws running through all the ramifications of government from President to lvoad Supervisor, and from Chief Justice to Constable. This class all have fixed salaries,, and whether wheat is $1.50 or 75 cents a bushel they draw the same number of dollars for their salaries, and the government collects it off the wealth created by labor. So, when wheat is $1,50 it takes 1,000 bushels, to pay an officer whose salary i3 $ 1,500 a year. But when wheat drops to 75 cents it takes 2,000 bushels to pay him. As it requires as much lalwr to raise 75-cent wheat as it does $1.50 wheat, it takes just twice as much labor to pay the $1,500 salary as it does when wheat is worth $1.50. V hen wheat falls from $1.50 to 75 cents it doubles the pur chasing power of the office holder's dollar, as far as wheat and flour is con cerned, but it doesn't reduce his sal ary. What is true of wheat is true of pork, beef, wool and all tho products of labor. This illustration applies to all per- 3mm&t 1 sons who have fixed salaries. This includes all the officers of tho coun try in its various departments of National, State, County and Municipal government. The officers of all pulv lic institutions with their clerks and subordinates, whose salaries are lined by la -. Besides these are all the officers of all the great corporations who lay trib ute upon the people, independent of law, and fix their own salaries without regard to the amount of money in eir eulat ion. Look nt the bankers, with their mill ions of interest every year, made, by selling To-cent wheat and .'-cent hog. When money was plenty you paid 10 per cent, interest on what little you had to borrow, but 100 pounds of pork at 10 cents a pound paid it. Now in terest is only 8 per cent, at the banks, but it takes 250 pounds of pork to pay it. It takes just as many pounds of corn to fatten that hog as it ever did. Thus yon see all this class are inter ested in dear money, gold basis, and cheap labor, and they s'.and ready at any time to down anybody who opposes them. If Webster, who denounced banks, were living now he would be called a crank, a calamity howler; Jefferson, who said, "banks are more dangerous to the liberties of the peojde than stuniiiug armies," a demagogue; and Lincoln, who said, "the corporations that had become enthroned during the war would try to prolong their reign of working upon the prejudices of the people till all wealth was concentrated in a few hands and the Republic de- strovoii, woniii De denounced as an anarchist. Now. my readers, those of you who remember the two old parties when their leaders were honest and in corruptible men and patriots, before the demons of greed and avarice took possession of them, before the imper ialism of capital had corrupted the leaders, when men were actuated by principle, ask yourselves if either of the parties are so now. If they are not, aren't you voting your prejudices instead of your principles? Compare John Sherman, Brier, Bay ard, r.inl Blaine willi Thomas Jeffer son, Garrison, Jackson, and Lincoln. The two old parties have drifted clear away from the ancient landmarks and are more like the old man's barrel, that he said had been in his family for 100 vears. THE TAXES. I CONSIDER THAT -x X v TO? xxx ViL J1 -.XT"--" C T0CS rttuStafv X . x .X i:012S FARMING XAY "You don't mean to say," said a stranger to whom he was telling the story of the old barrel, "that this is the same barrel?" "Yes, sir; the identical barrel." "Are these the same hoops?" "Xo, we had to put on new hoops." "Are these the same heads?" "Xo, we had to put in new heads." "Are these the original staves?" "Xo, we had to put in new staves. "ell, sir, il the hoops, staves, aud heads are all new, I should like to know what there is alnmt the barrel that is old?" "Why," said he, "the bung-hole, to be sure." Now, dear reader, this is all that re mains unchanged of the Democratic or Republican parties the bung-hole. Old partisans lay very close to it. The people or plutocracy must go. Which shall it be? Liberty or slavery? Your votes shall decide the question. How I'rlec Are Controlled. Ill discussing any question if we eliminate the errors that time and change of circumstances added to hu man stupidity have thrown arennd it, we will tiud what remains will consti tute the truth in relation to tho ques tion under discussion. I propose in this paper to point out some of the errors that time and cir cumstances have thrown around the financial question. And to begin, I will contend that the old commercial dogma, (that the supply and demand of commodities regulate the prices of commodities) is not true nor has it ever been the truth since men passed in commercial knowledge beyond the principles of barter. In primitive, times, when barter was the only method of commercial trans actions known tho dogma that I am considering may have been true. But as soon as men advanced in civ ilization so far as to recognize the ad vantage of some representative of all objects of commerce, then the dogma ceased to be a truth. And it seems to me perfectly clear that the proposition, that the simply and demand of the representative alone regulated the price of commodities and not the demand and supply of the com modities themselves. To illustrate, I will suppose that there is of the commodities produced by labor for sale (and will be conceded I suppose by all that there is not, nor ever has been anything to sell that is not the product of labor), un this or any other country) products of labor that will amount in value to one thou sand millions of dollars, we will sup pose that there is in circulation in the country where those labor products are produced, a sum equal to one thousand million dollars of this representative which the world calls money, we see at once that the labor pioducts and the representative called money are equal, and at what we would call s party. Now, under those conditions the prices of those lalnir products would be remunerative and fair, and we would have what we call good times. Now suppose again we have the thousand million dollars of lalor prod ucts for sale, and let us further sup pose that through some means, say the passage of a national bank act, a cor poration gets control of this represen tative of all lalxir products called money and should lock up half of it, leaving only live hundred millions in circulation, don't you see that the in evitable result would be to force the thousand millions of labor products down to the level of the five hundred millions of dollars of the representa tive (money)? Nothing else could happen, and so instead of the supply and demand of lalxir products regulat ing the price, we find that the supply and demand of the representatives in exorably regulates the prices of every thing that is to sell of the products ol lalior. And it is a recognition of this unim peachable fact that justifies economic writers when they say that "whoever controls the money of a country hold the prosperity and happiness of the people in their grasp." It makes little difference indeed how much or how little labor makes, if the money of the country is under the control of any man or set of men, this man or those men have in their hands absolutely the happiness of the peopie that depend on the fair circulation ot money for their prosperity. the fraudulent cry of over-production has alw ays been a lie invented by the predatory classes to cover up their villainous tracks; such a thing under fair and normal conditions is an utter impossibility. And if it was possibly true that the dogma that supply and demand of commodities regulated their price it would be a mockery to assert it in the face of the fact that monopoly now controls loth. John M. Payne, in the Cotton Plant. A Hall Million in One Day.. The effect of short selling in de pressing the price of wheat has been analyzed in the Kansas Farmer. A striking exemplification of this took place in Chicago the other day. The man who was readv at all times to sell IT DOES: jrPAYSTHE FREIGHT." x vx X 9 T7t to everybody practically unlimited quantities of wheat which he does not own.and never expects to own, is named Edward Pardridge. The dispatch says : "After a day of wild excitement on 'change, the famous plunger, impassive as a stone, stood on the floor of the Board of Trade receiving frantic con gratulations, his brokers informing him that he was richer by at least half a in i 1 1 iii dollars, and that acting for him they had pounded down the price of wheat 5 cents on every bushel. His enemies, who, it was said, had formed a combination a few days ago to com pass his ruin, were themselves made heavy losers and put to utter route. The scene during the latter part of the session was the most exciting that has been witnessed for many a day. From .S5 2-5 cents, May wheat was dropped by bearish news and big jumps to HQi, and finallv closed at 8lH. This is 2 cents below the close of Saturday night, From the high point to the low figure, Pardridge makes 5 cents per bushel, it is supposed, on his 10, (100,000 short line, or what amounts to a gam of half a millions. Over and aliove this it is estimated that he netted considerable on the trades on fluctua tions. He was the heaviest buyer and seller, and apparently must have made a pot of money out of his scalp ing." Possibly Congress will see no reason in this for passing a law to suppress this kind of gambling. By longer neglecting this ineasnro of protection to our markets from such raids, our law-makers will con vict themselves of caring more for some other interests than those of the people. It is a shame that so many of the Congressmen who were in favor of free silver, anil who said they were in favor of free coinage of silver should have absented themselves from Congress when come the time to vote. When came the time, these men were wanted. Mr. Bland, who introduced the bill, had to telegraph here and there asking Congressmen to be there to vote, but they did not all come. He charges and proves that Speaker Crisp of Georgia, changed his attitude toward the meas ure, deceived the friends of the meas ure, and by the use of his official pow er caused many Congressmen who fav ored free coinage to weaken in their position, lest they and the bills they had before Congress should suf fer defeat at the hands or votes of the gold conspirators Enter prise. The Ocala Banner asks, "Is mnrder a crime? That depends on whether it is committed by an individual or a gang of politicians. , If yon are waiting, what are you waiting for? Suidy t:ot on A five wool Congress. WITHOUT A WARNING. SEVEN PEOPLE KILLED SANTA FE WRECK. IN A In the Midst or a Howling; Storm tha Transcontinental Express Plunges Through a Itrldge- The Disaster Caused by a Tremendous ISaln-Falk I?oun ! Oeatli. Without a word of warning, in tho hiidst of a frightful storm, the east Ix.inid transcontinental express on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, filled with human beings wrapped in slumber, plunged through a trestle weakened by rain to den'h at about 1:4. Thursday morning, between I! vere and Medill in Missouri, about 2'.r miles from Chicago. It was a frig it ful night, tho rain fell as it never fell before, and only an occa sion il flash of lightning could be seen in the gloom. The great express had come through from tSan Francisco. Los Angeles, and Mexico to Kansas City on tl ne. On arriving at Kansas City at 4:10 Wednesday afternoon orders were received to hold it until :4'i, and run to Chicago on the time of the Denver limited, which was verv late. At it.M tho train, which was eomposol of a p s tal ear, a baggage car, smoker, chair car, tourist sleeper, and two Pullman coaches, commenc i its run to Chicago. All went Well until a pile and trestle, bridge over the Fox Itiver near Uevoro was reached. This bridge was aliout 17" feet long and HO feet high. Two hours te'ore the transcontinental ex I rcs4 struck the bridge a heavy freight train passed ov r it in safety, but tho pouring rain had swollen the raging tor rent which rushed beir ath the rails to a miniature Niagara, which finally car ried the bridge out of line, yet left it standing and, so far as tho engineer cn the locomotive could see, all right. Wath wheels turnings-lowly for safety's sake, for the storm was terrific, tho train crawled slowly on the bridge. Tho engine crossed in safety. Then the bridge went down. Only the engine and rear sleeper were not precipitated into the swiftly flowing w aters which coursed through the ravine below. Five cars, with their load of human freight wearied into deep sleep with a long trip, and tho remains of the 1 ridge sank together in one conglomerate mass of crushed tim bers, torn and twisted iion work and mangled humanity. Then came a wild cry from the wounded and dying rising above the noise of the storm. Lighted to their work of rescue, the engineer ar.d fireman from one side of the stream s.nd the uninjured occupants of tht rear sleeper from the opposite bank hurried to give what aid was possible to those in the ravine. Men sprang from tho windows of tho wrecked cars, and fight ing their way through whirling waters filled with debris reached the banks and fell exhausted. Xot less than seven and possibly nine or more sank in the wreck to die. Twenty-live are known to have been injured. Telegraph wires went down in the storm and only meager information reached Chicago regarding the wreck. Third Vice President J. 1). Springer of the Atchison, am? W. F. White, the pas senger traffic maneg'T, u 1 every effort to obtain full details of the accident, and freely furnished all information in their power to the reporters and anxious relatives of passengers who besieged the Atchison offices demanding information. It was with great difficulty that mes sages could be put through, but the Atchison officials received the following list of dead and Injured, which was at once ma le public: Killed William Ilynes, Oklahoma City, Ok.; Luu Markel ior Markeet Kan sas City, Mo.; Luther Cornelius, Kirk ville. Mo.; 8. E. Vetkler, West port. Mo.; John C. Cronos, Ma 'on, Mo.; Jady and child, names unknown. A press dispa'oh confirms this list, and adds an unknown child, ihe engineer, and fireman as kille 1. This is not con firmed by the Atchison report from the officers on the ground to Vice President Springer, and regnding th engineer and fireman was denied, as the locomo tive crossed the bridge in safety. Ixjikfo. .1. Tucker, conductor. Downers' Grove; Ma tin Hegan, brake man; W. A. Isham, brakoman, River side; Andrew J. Ronnn, express mes senger; Claud Roll and IJ. K. Dutchc, I ostal clerks; Mrs. Jane His"V, River side; J. C. Winslow, II. M. Cutler. II. C. Cowling, and X. Lar.easter, Chicago; I W. A. Allen and Mrs. E. T. Allen, Ath- ens, t'a.; Robert Schultz, Lexinglon i Junction, Mo.; J. F. Hartgen, Reading, I Pa.; William Adams, O. L. Roys, J. tiunther, W. R. Raines, J. IL Snider, S. H. Laugh, J. Mason, F. Craves, and j W. G. Smith. I In addition to this there is an unc.m j firmed report that an Italian woman and j child were in jured. The extent of tho monies eoiiiu mil o- i;s 'eriaineu. ino Atchison was in very baJ shape. Super intendent H. O. Ives started for the wreck early, but was confronted with three feet of wnt -roii tlu track nt Loek p, rt. The road was also under water east of Fort Ma lhon. I etween Fort Madifo'i and the wreck, and wires were down in laces for many miles in length. The e ist-bo:md Den ver express, which followed the trans continental express, attempted to run around the wreck on the Keokuk and Western brai.ch of the Turlington, but was stopped by a lan Islide a few miles out of Kokuk. The accident seems to havi been one of those unfortunate vei.ts that human foresight can not gunrd against Tho bridge was as strong as f ueh a structure could be built, but th? heavy rains of the last few we ks. crowned by tho awful storm of Wednesday night, so weakened it that it went under. The accident will cost the Atchison over $100,0011, and probably $150,000. O'SULLIVAN PASSES AWAY. . The lecman Ilrea'.h! Ills Lant in .Toilet "' Penitentiary. At the! prison in Jol'et, 111., Patrick O'Sullivan, imprisoned f ir life for com plicity in the, mut der of Dr. Cronin, at Chicago, drew his last "breath at 7:40 e'cloek Thursday evening. - He passed away peacefully, , as if fatli-ng asleep. No one was with him but a brother from Iowa, his sister, Miss-O'Sullivan, and a brother from Wis;onsin. He was in a condition of scmi-consciousncs for tho first time in a week, and recognized his sister and Dr. Ferguson, the prison phy sician, but said nothing. The doctor was not with him when he died. Ho was conscious just before his death and knew the end was approiching. His last words were: "Tell tho world I died proclaiming my innocence to th? last." To Whiten the IIkiicIh. Melt a piund of white castile soap over the fl c with a little water. When melted, perfume slightly with any one of the extracts, and stir in half a cupful of common oatmeal. Use this preparation when washing your hands, and you will ba surprised at the improvement in their ap pearance. Sure Cure for Corn. Mix nin? partsof saliiylica id with one partof extract of cinnabis indica and forty-c ght jarts of cllodion. After bathing the feet in warm water apply this mixtti c to the affected i arts with n camel's hatr brush. Do . not resume the st eiing until the loot has b;c lU'J perfc.'lly dry. THE NATIONAL S0L0NS: SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRE SENTATIVES. Oar National Lawmakers axl What They Are Doing for the Good or the Country Various Meaaarea Propone. Rtacusaed and Acted I'pon. Itolnc ot Consmm. On the 2d. the House passed the hill put ting binding twine on the free list. Nu merous iietltiona were pr.sent(l In the ?cnato agulnst legislation (or the clos ing of the Worid's Fair on Sunday: also 4i petition from a Metholtst Church in New lliimnsliirs urgently protesting against fur ther adverse legislation against the Chinese. Tlio House also passed the free ship hilt. This bill admits only two existing ships to American registry, the City of New Vork iind the City of Paris. Hut It provides that tht) company at once build two similar ve-sels In this, country to sail under tho American Hag. In the Senate, the 3d, Mr. Morgan called up the n.cs-aircoti the subject of an Inter national conference as to silver coinage. Mr. Kyle then proceeded to address the Sen ate in favor of the free coinage of silver. At the close, of his t-pcech the message was again laid on the t iblc, Mr. Morgan giving notice that he desired to speak upon It. '1 he conference report on tho exclusion bill was then laid before the Senate and agreed ti. The House bill placing binding twine on the free list was laid before the Senate and referred to the Finance Committee. But little routine business was done in the House in the morning, and shortly after tha' reading f the journal the lions went into committee of the whole, with Mr. Oatcs, of Alabama, in the chair, on the diplomatic unl consular appropriation bill. Mr., mount, of Georgia, in charge of the bill, moved to strike out the appropriation of $i;5,0J0 to continue the preliminary survey for an intercontinental railway; agreed to. Mr. Hooker, ot Mississippi, demanded a separate vote on the amendment striking out the i65.000 appropriation tor the Inter-' e mtinental Railway Commission. It was agreed to. The bill then passed. Tho Senate amendments to the army appropria tion bill were non-concurred in, and a con ference was ordered. On the 4th, Senate bill to convey to the State of Kansas a p rtion of the Fori Hayes military reservation about 3.2(19 acres) for (rimes for old soldiers and tbelr families, and to open the rest of the reser vation t) homestead settlement was amended to make the whole reservation open only to soldier, and paaed. The following bills were passe i: Creating two additional land dis tricts in the State of Montana; House bill to authorize the construction of a bridge acioss the Osage River between Warsaw and the mouth of Turkey Creek. Ma Senate bill to authorize the construe of a bridge across the Bed Kiver of the North at tjuincy, N. 1. House bill tor the disposition and sale of the lands of the Klamath River Indian Reservation. Cali fornia. The House passed Its time consid ering the Chinese, and river and harbor appropriation bills. The House spent the 5th discussing the river and harbor appropriation bill. A letter was also received from the Postmas ter General, urging the extension of the free delivery experiments to villages and farming districts. It was accom; auie I by a batch of 473 newspaper opinions taken from 326 different papers, all in favor of the propose J rural free delivery extension and eight against it. all that could be f unit These have been sent In from all the State) and Territories except Alaska, Indian Territory. New Mexi co, and North Carolina Sentr Mitchell, of Oregon, who has re ported from the frcnate committee an amendment to the postofflce a prorrlatlon bill, appropriating S200.000 to continue the Postmaster General's free delivery experi ments, said that he had every reason to believe that so far as the Senate was con cerned, at least, the amendment would be adopted. The Canadian Pacific Railway has sent an agent here to ascertain whether the administration is In earnest in Ihe mat ter of retaliation as to the canal tills. After disposing of some buslnesf of no general interest, the Senate, on the Gth. took up the resdutlon heretofore offered by Mr. Jones, of Arkansas, for payment to the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations for their interests in the Cheyenne and Arapa hoe Reservation (about f3.0fl0.000) lis tho unfinished business, and Mr. llawcs. Chair man of the Committee on Indian Affairs, addressed the Senate In advocacy of tho resolution, bat without finishing his ad dress. Then Mr. Gorman offered res olutions, which were agreed to. ex pressing regret at the death. In February. 191. of the late Senator Wilson f Mary land, and suspending the business of tho Senate to enable his associates to pay proper tribute of regard ti his character and distinguished public service. There was a large attendance of members In the lloue- Tho first business in order was the Sibley bill, but the House refused to consider It and went Into committee ot tho whole (Mr. Hatch of Missouri in the chair) on the river and harbor bilL On the Diamond. Following to a showing of the standing of each of the teams of tho different associa tions: XATIOHAI, LF.40UR. W. I.. Vo. W. Pop ton li Urooklvn....l3 lxnisvlUe...ll liltslurg....ll Cincinnati. ..1(1 Cleveland... 8 ,H- Philadelp'a. h .4 it .4 t .429 .S.VI S11 New Vork. Washlngfn. Chiaago.... 6 St. Iiouhk... a Baltimore .. t .61 : .5: .SO) westkrx;leaoux. W. I W. Milwaukee.. 7 1 .I'n Omaha 4 Columbus... 9 ' 4 .0W St. Paul...- a KamasCity.lt 4 .Wi Mlnneap'lls. i Toledo .5JJ Indian 'p'l'.. I THE tI.t.lN"Tc-10WA tiCAOtTB. W. U W. .Tnliet 9 fc l.o 0 Rockford...... J reoria 5 1 .8.13 Qui ncy. I F.vansvilln....4 8 71 Terra Haute.. Jacksonville .3 4 .428.R. I.-Mo ine...l .414 .3H4 OW s iai Cincinnati Clrla, A 19-YEAK-oi.D girl of Cincinnati plac?d a chair over a hole in the side walk opposite her father's house, where Western Union workmen were aliout to put a telegraph pole. She eat on the c'lair until her father obtained an Li junction. This is the first occasion tin record when Jay Gould was sat down on by a young lady. Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph. Theke were a good many people smil ing at Grief in Cincinnati a few days ago. Miss Mary Grief, a pretty girl ot 19, placed a chair over a post-hole made by Western Union workmen opposite her father's home, and deliberately and firmly sat down and held the chair in place while her father obtained an in junction against putting a telegraph pole wheni he did not want it. Des Moines News. About Men. Ox the day that a man finds out that he is a fool he has become a near neigh bor to wisdom. People are a good deal like trees, Those who make the most bows do not often bear the most fruit. A Chicago man recently advised his betrothed to eat sauerkraut ami beans as a preventive of the grip. Hekk Haclek "What do you think of my voice, madam?" She "I don't think of it if I can help it" A tombstone is about the only place where the average man doesn't really care to have his name in print. The devil gets a good many men by persuading them that the way to be happy is to make lots of money. There's agieat art," says Mickey Lennon, "in knowing what not to know whin yes don't want to know it." A man reaches after the unattainable when he finds fault with everybody and expects none to find fault with him. The man who has sworn off profanity should spend a few minute in medita tion before removing a porous plaster. An Italian woman living in Mew York has, during her eighteen years of mar ried life, given birth to thirteen chil dren. There are lots of wives in the world who never know that their husbands are "jovial and whole-souled" except 'when, they see It in the papers, ..