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VOLUME II. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, THURSDAY NOVEMBER 10, 1892. NUMBER 43. AFTER THE BATTLE. MILWAUKEE PLUCKILY BEGINS REBUILDING. .trv;iitatifln More Tcrrlnle than at I'lrat ICi'imrtc'il Acres of Smoldering Heap U'licrc Oiire VTm PronpiTous ArtUity Jli-lJef uf tlic Sultercr. The Fire at It Wan. Milwaukee rorrrtmoiulence. Jo one hutl a real nofon of the havoc created by our P. rrilic lire till th fol lowing Sunday morning. The wind had died down and the day broke under a clear sky. Miles away the billows ( f ernoke could le seen rising alove the city, and while they did not sweep the business street, they gave to a distant view the appearance of a heavy fog, rolling unih-r the wind and Mreakin.? cut in long, thin 1 aimers fro. a the heart of the city. Near the Northwest ern depot the extensive destruction Worked by the lire became seriously prominent. From the railway tracks n's far as the ejre eotild see through the pnioke almost the entire warehouse part of the town was a n.as i f ashes and broken brick and stone, with here and there the skeleton of a wall or a chim ney risinp dimly out of it through the clouds. The lake was rolling viciously, and the line of sc r hod breakwater showed where the fire ha 1 bitten down to the edge of the water. Fur a while during the tiro even the piling of this breakwater was aflame. From the railro.nl tracks for bb cks a prosperous part of the town lay sn oli ing. At the limits of the lire-swept dis trict thousand of people had enthered and were kept from crowding in by tho 1 olieemen and four companies of mili tiamen arme.l with rifles. Inside this line the tired firemen werestill winking. Joim of them had been fighting the lire for a day and a half. They were grimy from the smoke, and their rubber coats were cased in cinders. A few of them were sitting on piles of brick with the nozzles of the hose in their blackened hands. Many of them were so worn c ut by the work of the night that they slept heside the mcines while men who owned offices in the district and bovs TtIK lit RXHI IUSTKICT I HUM who volunteered for the fun of the thing ! played on tho embers. Miclit Aimini; the Iteiin?. At every corner a flattened mass of half-burned wood and brick was pointed out as the site of a big warehouse. ! Nothing except tho brick coiners of j Keideburg's vinegar factory was left. A lot of galvanized iron sheets and a ! big hill of malt and grain was n monu- j mint to Hansen's malthouso. The f lk i who saw that building burn thought it j was liner than fireworks. For a moment ill" windows flared like Ihe isinglass i front of a parlor stove. Then the lire died out there and a ring of green gas eous flame ran around the building. Jn nnother minute the elevator walls parted nml the mass of flaming grain tumbled down in a tremendous catara -t. The Weisel & Vilt r machine shop, where a falling wall killed two of the firemen, was only a lot of brick and plaster, and Uubb & Kip's fac'ory, which gave the second start to the lire, had been nlsolutely swelled. At the gas works the ruins of one end of the hold- j ers was still blazing in spite of the Ho d of water poured in by the firemen, and the machinery was tangled ami I roken beyond repair. In nearly every mass of ruins men were groping for valuablo papers and books and nt every corner employes could be seen pouring wnter on a smoking safe. On the skirts of the burned district the scenes are sometimes pathetic. Little unprotected piles of bed clothing, pictures, and small household be longings hml been left by fie -ing thoti Fandj. Once in a while a shivering boy was seen standing beside the wreckage o a home a broken dock, batteied image, a lag o;' tnbiewa.e and some poor clothing. In the middle of Buffalo street a deserted truck stood loaded with one trunk and a little locking chair de-orated with a neat "tidy." These things were the wreckage of small homes burned out in the Third Ward, where hundreds of cottages of workingmen were swept away by the lire. The IMstrcsslnsr Frature. Tho burning of these poor houses was the distressing feature of the fire. Mil waukee can stand well enougli the de struction of big warehouses, for thee aro many I ig warehouses th: re and many rich men able to put up buildings in the p!a:o of those ruined. The cottages destroyed belonged to tho poor laboring mi n. SSome of ihese men squatted along tho lake shore years ago, and nearly all the bouses represent hard saving and long work. They went liko tallow before the fire and left no monument al ruins to mark their site. Family alter family applied to the relief organizations or crowded into St. John's Cathedral and the Northwestern depot. Prompt relief was given to them as eoon as the excitement of the niht was nettled, and there was as little suffer ing as ever followed a big fire. The hotels fed hundreds of hungry men. 1'abst's Hotel loaded up tho Chicago firemen with coffee and steaks, and with the other houses sent a patrol wagon load of fo-d down to the smoke-stained men who were slugging the fire near the lake. The people of Milwaukee had hardly turned out of bod to sec the fog of the tire rising before men were hustling around to raise money for the unfortu nate folks. Telegrams came in from roundabout towns, from Oshkosh and Madison and Jancsville and llacine, all of which aro tributary for Milwaukee's I usiness. These little towns all offered 'to help as far as they could. A telegram tame In from Mayor Washburne, of i hicago. The Mayor evidently thought Milwaukee had I tten shoveled clean off the earth, for he telegraphed in a good hearted way about Chicago rising from its ashes and hoping Milwaukee would rite from Milwaukee ashes. These tel egrams and letters were taken thank fully but Milwaukee went about help ing its own people with its own hands. Mllwankro lulses 9.11.O0O. Hundreds of businessmen poured into the chamber of commerce building and almost before President Iiacon could make a talk $:il,2:tl had been subscribed. It was headed by a whaling big check for S3.00U sent in by the llemocratie candidates for county offices, who are not rich men; 1'hil Arm ur gave $.(MiO and said he would give a lot more for his old home; the Hi-ewers' Association subscribed $,)i)l; Henry ('. Payne, tho Eepubli an committeeman, hand ed in $l,M't, and the same amount was coniril uted by Cap tain Fred Pnhst, the Wisconsin Fire and Marine Insurance Hank, .loim I.. Mitch ell, Hanker Ilsiey, Cudahy HrcJ., August I ill ieiii , K. 1'. Paeon and Mr. Uosseanu. I ong after the meeting money was rolling in and at 3 o'clock 0 kai: Ti!it cA-iiiorsn. the fund wns estimated a' near f.".i,o,'0. It continued to g:ow i n'tl the JliK'.COtt mark was pa-se I. That's not enough to build up one of the ruined warehouses, 1 ut it will make comfortable hundreds of honi'dess Third Ward people. None of these was permitted to undergo hard ship. Every burned-out family was taken care of somewhere and by some body. Probably no town was ever so badly cut by a fire to f.mio out, so ci'cerful and happy as Milwaukee. The real estate board, which raised a considerable sum in a-'clitic n to its first d nation of S",('0t turned the entire amount over to the relief committee. TIIK II AMItKK OF rOMMKRI K. concluding not to distribute the money on its own account. One of the most substantial contributions for the relief of the poor came from Frank A. I.nppen A Co. The firm had sold furniture on the installment plan to many of those who were burned out ami had over $2,iofi still due and secured by notes. In spite of the fact that he was a heavy loser by the lire, having had a quantity of furniture burned in Hub V Kipp's factor-, Mr. I appen announced that he would give rece pts in full to those of the sufferers who still owed him any thing. The work of s'-arching for the safes of the vaiious firms was commenced early. In nearly every case the papers, which alone would enable the losers to esti mate correctly the amoi nt of their loss were in the I inning buildings. To get nt these a firce of several hundred workmen armed with pickaxes and shovels was turned loose. Several safes were found, but it was impossible to open them, as the locks had becon e so wart ed and twisted that the bolts could not be turne 1. ItfliiiiMiii:; Mm rreifclit'iotifte.. The enterprise shown by the big suf ferers is exemplified by the work of the Chii ago and Northwestern Failroad. Both the outgoing and incoming freight remains of itEinr.nrim vixeoah wonts, wnicn orcrriKo neahly a iu.ock. houses were burned. Nothing but tho bare walls were standing, while ins ilo of them was a mass of smoldering wreckage which occasionally broke out into bright flames. Hy night of Monday the buildings were nearly all roofed. At one time they were forced to quit, owing t a blaze which broke out in the south end of one of the buildings while they were putting a roof on the north end. An engine was called and the blaze was soon extinguished. Insurance men aro doing their best to settle the trouble for the poorer ot the sufferers. They are anxious that all small losses be adjusto 1 as toon as possible and accordingly a special com mittee will have such claims in charge. One Incident which has received noat tention owing to the excitement caused by the big lire was the burning or seven cottages in the southwestern part of tho city Friday evening. The people whe wore burned out lost everything they possessed, and they will be included in the list of those to be given relief. Dr. James Richard Cooke, who has Just graduate 1 from the Boston Univer sity as a physician, is a blind man, but has a record of !)? per cent, in his three years' study, and on his final examina tion obtained 9:S per cent, in anatomy. He will devote himself especially to dis eases of the heart and lungs. ABOUT STATE BANKS. tITAI. OBJECTIONS TO SUCH A MONETARY SYSTEM. It 'Would Atil I nnrnioiisly to tin Great nnil Already 1 uii?ifuft I'owcr l"ot i'Sed by i:)lr:d Corporation) t l us Vioiiay ut lout of lue. Coneoril1 n- t rrcnvjr. rushing financial reform to tho front lias compelled our Democratic frietiils, even in the tSouth, to pay more attention to this important issue. In the several Democratic speeches we have heard, it is true most of the time ! has been devoted to the defunct force bill and personal abuse of Weaver, et. nl. Colonel Livingston was the first we heard discuss the finance question, and strange as it may appear to our friends, tli is erstwhile great champion (d the sub-treasury forgot all about it anil gave us "something better" of the Democratic party, viz: State Ibinks of issue. What are the advatages claimed for State IJanks? Tirst. Immediate relief. Colonel Livingston stated that the (teorjdn Railroad was rcidy, just as soon as the 10 per cent, was abolished, to issue Sl.oi.HHN!!). This, to us, was a new phrase of the programme. To the al ready tremendous power conferred cm onr railroad corporations to tax us nil the trallic will bear on the exchange of our products, is to be added the priv ilege of the control of onr medium of exchange, well knowing as they must. hat "whoever controls the money of the nation controls all industry of the nation." If this is not centralizing power, what is it ? Who M ill doubt but that every rail rord company in the nation will gladly issue millions of dollars of money to psy their help, construct new lines, et.-., none of which, m:irk yon, can be rnad; a legal tender, for Congress has w'vely reserved that power. Is money i-sued by a private corporation on its credit better than money issued by the general ( love rn men t on the credit, not nnly of these private corporations, but all the other weallli of the nation, as well? Certainly not. The vital ob jecthm to this plan is that it would :.dd enormously to the great and al ready dangerous power possessed by ihe railroad corporations of the nation r.t the present time,whieli is practically on trolled br less than a dozen men. liy others the indictment is plausibly IVd out that under a State Lank sys tem any number of farmers could form a joint stock company and bv issuing their notes secure a supply of money which would pass curren; in all busi ness transactions." We -can rest assured that when xneh a plan is formulated it will be surround- 1 by so many safe guards as to leave the farmer out. They would require, and rightly too, unenicumbered real estate security, a scarce article with farmers at the present time. That is simply " thrown out as a bait to catch gudgeons." It could not l made a legal tender and would have but a limited circulation. We demand a national currency, a full legal tender, wherever presented. President Har rison in bis letter of acceptance, de-F.-ribes the result by repeating history tinder such a system iu our own coun try. "The denomination of a bi:l then was no indication of its value. Mer chants deposited several times during the day lest the hour of bank closing should show a depreciation of the money taken in the morning. The traveler could not use. in a journey to the Last, the issues of the most solvent banks of the West, and in consequence a money-changer's office was the familar neighbor of the ticket office and lunch counter. The farmer end laborer found the money received for their products or their la bor depreciated when they came to make their purchases and the whole business of the country was hindered and burdened." We would soon find that the state banks by farmers, through discrimina tion, would, like our warehouse and other co-operative companies, be crowded out. "Further advantages would be found in the ease with which money could be borrowed on the security of real estate, tints remedying one of the principle grievances of which the farmer com plains." liven though that grievance should bo removed there are still three vital objections. 1. These issues would not bo legal tender. '2. It would still leave tho power of contraction and expansion in the hands of private oor orations. .'. All interest accruing on this pub lic necessity would go into the tills of private corporations instead of the public treasury. "Then, too, the difficulty of obtain ing enough money at certain seasons of bile year, when it is needed to wove (lie crops, will disappear." Our sub- treasury plan provides for that in a much more satisfactory manner, by leaving the expansion to the producers of tho wealth to be exchanges, and not to speculators interested in cheap products. "lr.ste-.nl of accumulating in New York, Chicago, or o:her large cities, (he tendency of state bank notes will be towards remaining at home, ready nt all times for every commercial pur pose." Whv the tendencv to remain nt home? Simply becc.nr.e of its question able value away from home. Do you want to exchange your labor, or the product of your labor, for such a money? AVe demand a national cur rency, safe, sound and flexible. In no particular will state banks fill the bill. "The rates of interest, now so often the chief obstacle in the way of the in vestment, by the farmer, of more capi tal in his business iu the shape of bet ter stock, improved machinery, new buildings, etc., will be lowered in all sections of the country." That may be i.o, but not to the same extent as hy direct issue to the people. These state banks will engage in the business for the profits to be made out of it, and not for tho benefit to the farmer. We demand thrt all money shall bo issued direct to Ihe people, without the inter vention of banks of issue that may be depended on to chargo us ail onr nec ssitics will compel us to pay for its se. We demand money at cost of is- e and redemption. 'The farming industry, when re lieved from the burden of the war tariff and stimulated by an abundance of fiound, cheap and convenient currency will attain a condition of unexampled prosperity." To this we heartily say, r.men. The greeter tho relief tlje greater the prosperity, lfareduciion cf the war tariff of ( per cent, would be a relief, then a reduction of 51 per tent, would bo a much greater relief. If a reduction in the rate of interest of 2 or o per cent, would be a relief, then a reduction of 8 per cent, would boa much greater relief. Kvery objection raised to our land-loan and sub-treasury plan can lie raised against the sta'o bank plan, whilst all the objections, of which we complain under our present nystem will apply to state banks. II. L. Loucks, Pres. K. A. and I. U. I'atrlrK Henry's i:xcrpnce. The well known speech of Patrick Henry runs thus: "I have? but one lamp to guide my feet, and that is the lamp of experi ence. I know of no way of judging the future but by the past. "Judging from the past, I wish to know what there lias been in the con duct of the Lritish ministry for tho last ten years to justify those hopes with which gentlemen are leased to solate themselves and the House." If Patrick Henry we're alive to-day, he would no doubt be making another speech about as follows: "I havct but one laniM to guide my feet, and that is the lamp of experi ence. 1 knowjof no way of judging the future but by the past. "Judging from the past, I wish to know what there has been m the con duct of the two obi parties for the last twenty years to justify ihosv hopes with which prominent politicians and subsi dized newspapers are pleased to solace themselves and tho people." AM nt U- .N iiusr, .u:isi:t Air: Maryland. My Miry lad. Oppression's foot is on thy nccU. Americans, ar.se. arlfe: I.etii'it his itt I our (o intry wr :!? Ameri r;cis. ;u.sc. urisc. l!, all v.- hanly s .us of toil. l it fr.iru work shop it the so I. t.'ir.t-' ninl uiaUc o;ir foes recoil, Americans arise, arise. They say we'rt not in slavery twin 1; Amri cans. an., arise: Hut where can ft lower chains ho fo:ml, Americans, arise, arise; Than Uios- hy u liieh lh - moneyo i hands are hin-l n r hard an 1 fast oar hau ls. Ity inonoioliziiii; all our lands: Americans. arise, arise. In our distress where shall we tum? Ameri cans, arise, arise; Old parties lioth our prayers do spurn: Ame-ri-caii-, arise, arise; They say onr leaders all aro cranks, unconsii- tutior.a'. arc our planks, et w're. a l tiii: daily o our ranks; Ameri- cans. aris- ari-e. I.et ever;,' freeman on our soj. Americans, arise, arise. In November vote for hcm-- and IJod: Ameri cans, arise, arise; Do your duly at tie polls, an 1 show the. got .1 Iiiik who controls This n it .on's laws, as well as so ils; Ameri cans, arise, a.ise, National Kccr.om'st. Contraction. The claim is now b.iblly set up that there never has been any "contraction of the currency," that we have more money per capita now than every be fore. Tiiii issue was set fort'.i by Charles Poster, the present secretary of the treasury. He boldly undertook to reverse history. For nearly a quar ter of a century, the "contraction of the currency" has been as much it fact of history as the battle Gettysburg of tho emancipation of the slaves. It has been discussed in hundreds of speeches in Congress. It has been treated by historians and economists. It had been reported and discussed by secretaries of the treasury, and discussed by presi dents of the United States. It was always a troublesome and very disagreeable fact to the money kings and bond-holders in whose inter est it was done. They attempted to make the best of it by justifying con traction as right and necessary. l!ut finally they found in Foster a man after their own heart, a man of small caliber hut of vast conceit. He found a very simple solution for the whole difficulty iu flatly denying that there ever was any contraction of the cur rency. And now he is using all the power and influence of the National Government to spread and substanti ate that falsehood. Thousands of ((notations might be made from Ihe Congressional record and the official reports of the Depart ment at Washington to disprove Fos ter's claim. For the present, however, one limitation will suffice. It is from a speech delivered in the last Congress by Hon. George AV. E. Dorsey of Ne braska. Mr. Dorsey is a hanker, and is thoroughly conversant with finances. On account of his special fitness for the place he was made chairman of the Committee on lbinking and Currency in the last House. Certainly no Ne braska Kepnblican will dispute so high an authority. Mr. Dorsey says: Everyone admits that there is an in sufficiency of the circulating medium. If we compare the amount of currency in circulation at different periods cif our history, as per the followiug table, we lind that during the years that we had the largest amount of circulating medium per capita the greatest pros perity was experienced by our people: Circulation pet Capita Circulation per Capita .Ian. 1. I Jan. 1. ISM ?17."J 1ST3 IH7.-.0 15.01 issi -j hi I SVC I V-T 13 127 lso isnt issc, loji isj '.Mill IsfH 21 is Mil 1SSW 1..6 l;6i rc'.m! Tirr. estimate is based upon the best avail i'de data as to our population, claiming in 1SS!, 05,000,000 of people. If wrt can restore to the country the prosperity that we experienced from lKt'e lo by cn increase of the cir culating medium to $50 per capita, as urge I and petitioned for by all labor ing '"lasses throughout the country, wourd it not be wise on the part of thin Congress to take prompt and speedy action? Advocate. Surety for tho I m-mcr. "People yet alive can remember ihe way in which wheat used to be bought 'over the pile' in thi.i city, the farmer bringing it in being obliged to accept whatever was offered him because there was no competing market, and not even a quotation elsewhere "ivith which to make eompari-ton. The re sult WiW that the grain bought here in the fall nniformty brought minimum prices. It was held here during the winter and shipped by lake at an en ormous profit, the nominal price here also going up when the farmers had no more to sell." The above is the stvle in which the friends of the grain gamblers try to be guile the people into npposi'ntr the i Hatch bill. Of course the interlopers Detwecn producer anu consumer did their best then as they do now to seize all possible profit. The only safety to the farmer is to do their own "holding over oy immense co-operatiue associa tions. They would sometimes loose, but oftencr gain. Chicago Sentinel. 0K Mo-es Lull wast lion, I -. i, other day in a Lynn. Mass.. court for ci ucuy o a norse. j be lull weight of ins punisnineni may oe estimated When it is estimated that ho bought the torso i for 75 cents. PRACTICE EXTORTION. RAILROAD OWNERS SYSTEMAT ICALLY ROB THE PEOPLE. Aiany ICcnsons Why llm 4 overiimctit MiohM Control All llio l.'oaili o: Hi Country A .Millionaire Worili-I.uiKl-lorU hiii I Coming. , IC-tllro:t,l I'ropert y. In an article iu the .tn-na, C. Wool I a vis shows there would be saved by government ownership of railroads: On con-oliilati' ii of depots an 1 start "lll.OlUOl On exclusive use of short routes... itllci.i On attorney a!aries ani lr-:.l cx- jwiie' . 1-.' 0 o iit'ii On adrogation or p istes :ii.iiii I n ahroKM.on of eon:tii..-s.oiis le. oj.o 0 On aliroutio i or l.i li prioil al- ctals 4, 0 O'tl On ai roi;at on of ir.nllc ?..-s-la- tioiis i n e n (j On al rojjatloii of in - i'lenss isui'iju On alioll-h int all t.ut local i-aicei. etc I"0l'fMI Oil aliolishiiie; 5 11 ot al crtis.n . . UiiMin Total 1 fiuo .101 Mr. Davis has held high jiosi ions on several railroads, and his article in the Arena show thorough research and acquaintance with his topic. These figures may lie correct as far us they go. Uut they do not go to the bottom facts. The main cost of the railroad system (and every ot he r for that matter) the exorbitant interest and dividends that are taxed upon the people. Poor's Ibiihvav Manual, the stand ard authority on this bli-iness. states that the stocks and bonds of the rail road aggregate Slo.fclil'JM.llla. Their total earnings were $1.0S'i,-0-tO."2O7, the operating expenses j-TM.-308,8."?, leaving a surplus of ijHl,- y , f 1 gVjjjHr. r t" ' fitirt.o'.t'.l, ut the railroads collected Sr0,12,...24 tor ren'al. tolls, etc., and $155.17 4..'!l!i from miscellaneous sources. Add those-and the receipts of the rail road companies were 1.1,S0.."M:?..St4 which would leave $1155. ',170,0 17 as the profits now made on the railroad. This, added to the fliMI.ODD.OOi) saved on operating expenses as figured hy Mr. Davis, would give the people of the United States an annual saving of nearly C.!lO,000,(H() which even the ex travagance of our late Congressional appropriations would be sufficient to pay all expenses of Government, and enable us to raise the wages of the rail road men $100,000,000 a year. This is figured on the basis that the Government need make no profit on the railroads any more than in con ducting the postoffice. Progressive Farmer. A .Millionaire' onI. On August 20. lS'.'ii, F.rastus Vi man of New York, cue of the richest and most influential men of this na tion, stirred by the llulfalo strike, Bpoke as follows: Ours is aa age of combination. Cap ital combines lind so does labor. Cap ital organizes into trus s. Labor or ganizes into unions, brotherhoods, aud rssociations: and now I say and nark Well my words the possibilities of or ganized capital are ten thousand times more dangerous to the public than are the possibilities of organized labor. I have a son with Troop A, at Buffalo, engaged in oppressing 475 laboring men who have struck. He is support ing, I regret to think, unjust organized capital. They represent, organized la lior. I regret that he is there. I re gret that 0.000 of onr state militia should be there, overawing men who wish an hour's pay for an hour's work. One of the roads engaged in this switchmen's trouble, the Lehigh Val ley Iload, is a party to the so-called coal trust. It controls 20 per cent, of the anthracite coal land in the coun trv. The New Jersey Central controls another 20 per cent., and the Heading System, as I was told in my own house only two months ago, controls 52 per cent. JJere you have over 00 per cent, of the coal product of the country un der the control of thres corporations, and one of these three, the Heading, has far from enviable financial refu tation, and pays its employes according to its reputation. Another road, the Lehigh, now implicated m the switch men's trouble, would like to reduce, switchmen's wages to the Heading standard and send up coal to the Heading price. If these roads should so wish, they could refuse next winter to send coal" to Buffalo, or New York City, for that matter. Again, I say, the possibilities of or ganized capital are ten thousand times more dangerous to the public than the possibilities of organized lalior. I know that I am guilty of outrageous heresy in fo saying, but I read the news'every morning, which sti:s my blocd, and I must let it out. 1'iospects c.oo.l i or X. nl lrl sni. Mr. Vanderbilt owns over two mil lion acres of land. The California millionaire, Murphy, owns our million acres of laud, which - IP Tor IION'T I.'KK TIIK WAV I'M i;rN:Mi lilt; Mt Kill. r.lT OFF. Nemconform'st. is equal in area to the sia'c of Massa chusetis. The Schenly estate owns 2,000 acres within the limits of Pittsburg and Allegheny cities, from which the heirs draw t?l,(.Mlt),(KM) annually. There are t-!S,t)ini,0i)0 acresof United States land owned by foreign noble men, who are not eitizensof the United States, owe no allegiance to the! (iov ernnient, and spend their money else where. "Lord" Scully of Ireland, owns (ac cording to our laws) in). 000 acres of farm lands iu Illinois. These lands bo i parcels out tomall tenants who turn j over the bulk of their earnings to their ! foreign Ian llord. His income from that source is $'00,000 per annum. The (Jreat West. ; frank him! V w:crl4. j lllatnnt e-iwards arc more hurtful to i the cause of reform thai; its open and I avowed enemies. They are lacking in the essence of true manhood and patri 'olisr.i, which form the bulwark and ' reliance oi' a nation in times of public, danger. Their example is one of dis- coiirageim nt to others who might havo , lent a shoulder to the wheel of peace ! fill revolutii ii. Ever ready to admit existing wrongs, they plead tiie impo j t'-nce of the masses to dethrone tho golden calf and correct the abuses of two decades of misgovernment, as an excuse for not enlisting under tho .banner of reform. They had rather j continue to stroke the elephant and j throw meat to the tiger anil let th9 country oi to ruin, than to bear tho ! odium of engaging in a cause that in i unpopular villi the plutocracy and if a ; hireling press. This is the deplorable c ondition of mind of a large: majority of the j eopb. of tho East, who would TT - : t . r T be immeasurably Ixitcfitcd if "equal rights to all. special j riviligestonone," were the rub of legal enactments in s'ead of i s convcrM". The burden of all true work of reform will lie to arouse these partisan-blinded peoplo from their dreary, drain-rotting apathy and ins' ill in their minds a desire to study the social and oeopomieal prob lems of the age. This quickening of the ir own intelligence Mill do the rest i' will pluck from their eyes the mote and beam. The field of reform is being well plowed and planted with good ideas in the West, and it is to the free and glorious West where ideas are as broad as her illimitable prairie expanses, that we must look for the future! hope and salvation of this Hepuldic. Her sons are noble in all the true elements of manhood ; her daughters are supreme in all perfect qualifications of woman hood. I believe in the Eternal Good; iu all the affairs of his'ory I seethe hand of the Eternal Hight. Out of the travail of the preseut wrongs, suffer ings, and unjust economic conditions, I see born the Bepublie of the future, founded more nearly upon the all-enduring rock of human brotherhood. Farmer's Voice. I our Dollai-M Loaned tor Every Dollar In tlx Rteiioo. Few people are aware of the bound- i less advantage's that the national banks have under our present accursed syg tem. They have usurped the credit of the people and arc fattening a thous and fold annually from the unlimited resources at the ir command. The Xrw Fontnt give-sit in the following, which we commend to our readers for careful perusal. "We find the following printed card on onr desk : 'The last report of sec retary of treasury shows the banks as loaning $1, '.'70, 022,087 ! Four times the amount of money there is to loan. Four interests on every dollar! Thcy are drawing from the people enough to run the national government, llow long will it take them to gather in all , the money of the nation? lhis does j not include the amounts loaned by I state, private and savings banks. Add to this the billion dollars of othe r loans and think if it is anv wonder times aro i hard. Will the American people never wake up to the fact that they are being j i nnperized ? Four people are paying : interest njn-.a each dollar you Uave.iu your pocket if yotwiiave auy. Wake up! Wake up!-E.x. Australian Finance. Sir Poliert Hamilton, Governor of Tasmania, snyo that the private wealth ef Aus.ia ia is $'',K7".,nno,(!0. fcinco IN.'ifl the country exportci gold to tho value o." $l,7i ','ii 0,0'iu an I wool to tho Value of $-0.1,0! n,0c;i. Pail ways and other resnunevative works have cost the coun try i;'lC.(i'.0,((iO the present indebted nets. . A;:o"T 310 leafs were killed in Maine u lug the y?ar ending in May, aid f o:nc of the- hunters hav.j ma le a good living from the skins and tho bounty of 5 piiJ by the Stat-; for ca"h bear. Fori: million people grasped Corbett s hand. have already Mb L'JILDING A PASSENGER CAR. i I)cl:l!c,l IV.erljitio:! f Hon: the Work Is .'Irroiiijilisheil. Thirty-live thousand passenger cars are now in use on the 175,000 miles of railioadinthe Fii'ited States and Ter ritories, and these cars have cost over two hundred million dollars. A pas senger car co-ts 5,m to s,000. An outline of the manner in which such cars are built cannot but bo of in terest, as this chiss of car construc tion ((institutes an important in-du-try here. Wli-n an order is re ceived leir a given nuiiilier ot cars it is accompanied by carefully prepared drawings of eveiy detail and by speci fications which even enumerate the quantity and quality of screws, nails, bolts, castings, trimmings, etc., which are to Ik; used. Those un familiar with this class of work would be a-t iiiislied at the elaborate nature! of the (hawing-, many of tbeiii of full si.e, with ail dimensions marked on them so that no mistakes may occur. 'The specification aim to contain a eleir statement of all the materials t le used, their quan tity, epnality and sizes; and the man ner in which they are to lie treated and built into tip; proposed cars, is also very carefully described: even the. paint and varnishes an; specified, as well as the number of cents of each, and the length of time each coat is to be given to dry. Thus it will be seen that a car is tirst carefully con structed in th mind f the de signer and all details put upon paper, which servo as a guide totbos.! having the construction in hand. When an order for cars is placed, bills of the mat'-ria's required arc made in each department and pat terns for t''e iron and wood work are ma le, to guide the foremen in laying out their portions of the work. As speedily as possible departments are furnished with the raw or finished materials called for em their bills of material?, with which t. make their portions of the car. As an illustra tion, the wood machine shop gets out from the rough lumber the exact number of pieces of wcol of every kind and form called for, and the blacksmith shop gets out the forg ings required, the bolt department makes the exact number of holts of various kinds needed, and the brass foundry !hl its order for the neces sary trimmings, which trimmings, when si specified, are taken in hand by the electro - p!atiiu de partment and plated with nickel, silver or gold, as called for. Tie glass department cuts the glass, etches it, and silvers it when re quired, and makes and furnishes all the mirrors. When everything is ready the prepared materials are de livered as needed at the; compart ments where the cars are to be erect ed. First, the bottom material-', such as sills, floor-joists, ileoiing, draft-timbers and transoms arrive and are taken in hand by the bottom buiiders. At the completion of the l ot torn of a car. which comprises the work of the liottoni-huilders, it is turned over to the body-builders, who put tip the frame work and complete the IkkIv of tho car, their work consisting of app'ying posts, brac ing, filling, bclt rai ing. paneling, car lining, etc. The car is now taken by the roofers, who apply the roof-b sards moldings, etc., and then the tinners put on the metal covering. After a careful inspection the car is taken by ibeontside painters, and isentcred at the same time by the in-idc finish ers, who put in arid finish the nice inside wood-work, which isof the lrst kinds of lumber, such ;:s c ak. ash, cherry, mahogany, or vermilion. The piping for heating and for light ing is set in before! the seats are p.aied in position. The inside finish, ttHi, conceals the electric wires which may be called for in the specifica tions. Cars are lighted by oil. gas or electricity. If by gas. it is carried in condensed form in tanks underneath the car. and is conducted to lamps by suitable pipiiK. Electee lights are derived from storage batteries, and from dynamos run in a baggage car, by steam from the engine. When the inside woo l work is all in place, and some of this finish com prises exquisite carving, the inside painters go over the entire interior wood work, making the car read' for the trimmers, who place the bronzoor plated trimmings upon doors, sash, blinds, and walls. The upholstering, draperies, seat-coverings carpets, ete., which have all been previously prep red, are now put in. and when the fliiif-hing touches arc added hy the equipment department the car is re.Tty for delivery to its purchaser, to whom it is sometimes t-ent by special messenger. Parties for whom cars are building generally keep an in se -le r at the saops to s e that all work and materials are in accordance with p'ans and specifications. All work in the construction department is carefully subdivided, many differ ent gangs of men having their allot ted tasks, which they perform with surprising quickness and dexterity. Mostof this passenger car work is paid for by piece wages. These car works have the capacity for turning out twelve new passenger cars a week. Pullman Journal. WHAT SWALLOWED JONAH? lVrhaps It W;mm Whltr Sttark Instead ra Whnlr. There is no argument valid upon a premise of inherent impossibility. It used to be concluded beyond question that there were no black swans, be cause it is impossible to conceive a black swan. Hut one harmless and unconscious black swan from the anti podes put all the ingenious thinkers to rout. Hume argued from his con ception of a true induction that the major premise must include all possi ble cases. This he thought conclusive against a great deal of popular belief. Hut what test have we of the possi ble?. It is harder to t clieve that we have explored and classified the whole Held of knowledge, than that a raven ous lish with no higher and no lower thought in its meager brain than a plentiful dinner should have swal lowed and then disgorged a man. He sides, we are not without evidence that such pisciac conduct is at. least possible. Jonah was willing in the Mediterranean right along its whole length from Joppa, in Palestine, to Tarshish, in Spain; and it is in this very sea that even at the present day a huge fish, the white shark, is found. And not only this, but the bones of a much larger species now extinct. For the vrcrd used in the Bible is a gen oral term for a large fish, and It in cludes in various writers sharks, tunnies, whales dolphins and seals. This white shark attains such a size that it has been known ti weigh four tons and a half. One that was ex hibited last century over Europe weighed nearly two tons, and very nearly re-enacted the part of Jonah's llsh. A IJritish war vessel was sail ing in the Mediterranean when a man fell overboard. A huge shark in stantly rose and the unlucky seaman disapieared within its mouth. Tho captain Hied a gun at it from the! deck, and as Ihe shot struck upon its back it cast the man out again and he was rescued by his companions. They forthwith harpooned the lish. dried him, and presented him to his in tended victim. In the beginning ed this century a shark was taken at Surinam, and iu it. was discovered I he b nly of a woman excepting the head. Instances are recorded ujxn good authority of specimens being found in the same sea: one with a sea calf in its stom ach as big as an ox. another with a whole horse, and another with two tunnies and a man. That a man co ,ild live there fur a considerable time seems bv im means imn issible- CATTLE BRANDS. i Oncer liirreiKlyitiil''- Wliie-h Ailctrn llm Steielc oil Hit' VeHt4'n I'ruiries. ! The prairies have a series of t nide 1 matks as general an I valuable as those that decorate ejueensware. pot : tery, and e eiith ns do luxe. The c in ! blems arc con-eived with much t are, 1-0 N $ 03 vs IP -TP Ifi E T6-n some sample i hand and a violation of the rights they in volve means death to the depredator. They do not appear on paper, nor are they modeled in earthenware or metal. They are traced in living fiesh by red-hot irons, an 1 are read by cowboys and much owners, from the uplands of Wyoming to the river valleys of Texas. Yet few east of the Missouri Itivor have ever seen a sampie of the designs or realize the completeness of their system. The identification of cattle upon the great Western plains, where tens of thousands of long-horned beasts roam through!. ut the year, un feneed and unlienled. would present a serious aspect were it not fi r branding. Only by that means is it possible, iu a country wh re stoek raUing is carried on so extensively that fencing the range's is almost out of the question, for owners to keep any knowledge of their pos-essions. No more rigid system of identifica tion exists anywhere, and the owner of a steer is almost as certain of his property when the animal has strayed a hundred miles away as if tie!, horn --ranch corral iaelosi'd him. It is not uncomni 'ii for a Western Kan sas cattleman to receive notice from a friend iu Nebraska or Wyoming, saying that one of his cattle has strayed from home, and ic iu his vicinity, the friend having looked up the animal's brand in the herd book. A PATHETIC EPISODE. Heiw Twi Itrnthrrs Hied on a WoMrrn Itailronl. "I have seen a great many men killed," said liurke McMahun. at the Southern. "1 was with old Pap Thomas at Chickaaiauga when his corps siod like a rock for the dower of the Confederacy to beat and break upon, and with (rant when he hurkd his columns at the impregnable heights of Yicksburg. I have seen commanding officers torn to pieces with a shell and lieardioss boys dea 1 on the baltte-lleld with their moth er's picture pressed to their cold lip?, but I never had anything affect me like the death of a couple of young railroad men in Texas ?evcn or eight years ago. "I was riding on the engine of a fast passenger train, and at Waco the engineer got orders to look out for a brakeman who was missing from the freight we were following. Ho uas supposed to hive fallen between the cars if his train. 'My brother is breaking on that train. I wonder if it can b; him?" said the fireman. 'I ll keep up steam while you stand on the pilot and watch out,' replied the engineer. The fireman took his post in front and we pulled out. We had just got well under way when the fireman gave the signal to stoi. The engineer applied the brakes. They failei to respond, and we were on a 'own grade and could not stop. The missing brakeman was lying on the track, badly mangled, but con scious. -He raised his hand and frantically signaled the train, but the great iron machine went plunging down upon him at a rate ot twenty miles an hour. The fireman cat one despair ing look at the engineer, then sprang in front of the pilot and hurled his wounded brother off tha track. But he was not quick enough to save him self. The engine caught him and crushed both legs off at the hips. As we picked him up he said, with a quiet smile: Its no use, boys; I'm done for. lint I saved Ned.' Wc laid them down in the baggage cat side by side. Ned put out a feeble hand ami clasped thateif his brother. I've got . my time, old fellow, lie said. Here, too, Ned;, we'll make the run to the next world together,' was the response, and, holding each other by the hand, they died without another word." St. Louis Glolie Democrat. . .. : . Frederick Iiuoi.asv plays the violin. As it Is his only dissipation and he has it in a mild form, it is hoped that it will not bs counted against tht good old man.