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K r THE ION. Volume IY. MEMPHIS, MISSOURI, Tll'UIlIA V, SPTMBfiR 13, 180. Number .Humohrevsi JL U ween t roni. 0,000 Men, AMe-jmifhilrirpn II v II 1 1 1 1 1 i I I to call at my Store and examine my ammom mock OF- Clothing, which 1 have just received, and which has been pur chased under a prospect of a low tariff and bought the zooda away DOWN, the eo,ual has never been known in Northeast Missouri. I am prepared to sell you GOOD GOODS, Even below your own ex pectation. Those Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Neckwear, Furnishing Goods, a; well a my Clothing Stock; Are all Fresh, New Goods, and purchased under the re cent decline in the eastern market, and, positively, will be closed out to make room for another stock, which I expect to buy in the near future, even lower than ever if possible. Call early ami see me if you wish to Save Money Remember. Old and Young Ladies' Shoes and Slippers a specialty. 1 am yours as ever. M. Humphry, Green Front, lorth Side, Memphis, Mo. COST OF LIVING. In reply to the theory that 1.10 a day is plenty for a laboring man to support a family on and live well, the Auburn, Intl., Times, produces the following faets ami figures: We have long held that wages are entirely too low ami to present this Populist doctrine clearly we shall re sort to figures. There are about 300 working days in the year. If :t man works every day at $1.10 a day he would have $:."0. Out of this he must live and support his family. An average family is five persons. Now let us figure: Living 12c a day each one year, $219 00 An ordinary house T per month. y4 00 Poll tax.... 2 00 Other taxes One good suit of clothes One cheap suit of clothes .... 2 00 . . . 15 00 8 00 One overcoat lfl (!" One pair good shoes One pair coarse shoes One good hat One common hat : oo 1 50 2 50 I 00 25 1 2.') One straw hat Three cheeked shirts Two wool shirts 2 00 Two white shirts 2 00 5 00 1 50 :j oo 2 50 1 50 1 50 Underclothing, hose, etc.. Collars, cuffs, neckties, etc,. . . For wife: One worsted dress One pair line shoes One pair coarse shoes Two calico dresses One hat 2,50 Underclothing 8 00 Fuel and light 40 00 Children's clothing 20 00 Five cents a week to preacher . . 2 60 Doctor bills 10 00 Lawyers nothing Tobacco, cigars, etc, nothing Hooks, papers, etc. nothing Furniture, dishes, etc nothing Circuses, shows, etc nothing Visits to friends abroad nothing Carpets, bedding, etc nothing 11. EL fare, lectures etc, nothing Organ, music, etc, nothing Luxuries nothing Total 452 60 No one should say that this bill of living is unreasonable, yet it amounts to $122.00 more than a 'man earns, providing he works every day, losing none for bad weather, sickness, etc. But our Republican friends who talk so much of protecting the laboring man think that $1.10 a day is plenty, so we must go over the list and cut it down. The amount for food cannot be re duced as it only allows of meat once a day as it is. Rent and taxes cannot be cut down. We will make the man do without an overcoat. $10. One white shirt must suffice, $1. He can make one collar and one tie suffice, 75c. A hat for his wife worth $1.50 is good enough, $1. This has reduc ed the amount $12.75, but the cost of living is still $109.8; too much. Well, it's got to be reduced. He can stay at home from church ami save the $2.00 paid to the preacher. He has got to have the doctor, but he can let the $10 go unpaid, as doctors are good fellows and used to this way of business. He can have a $10 suit in stead of a $15 suit and thereby save $5. A hat that costs $1.50 is good enough for a laboring man on Sunday and that saves $1. A workiugman's wife does not need a worsted dress j and that saves $3. The children can go barefoot ami wear cheaper clothes and that could thereby be reduced j $0. This reduces the amount $27.00. 1 but is still $82.25 loo much. Well, the bill must be reduced. His bouse is none too good, but he must get a poorer one. He gets a poor house for $5. That saves $24. Well, tbev must eat less and the other j ! $58.25 must be taken from the food that costs 12 cents a day. The above calculation is made lor i a family of five parents, and three children. Bat many families exceed three children, then reader, figure out for yourself the cost of their living. j Now let us make another statement I of the cost of living, which we believe wi uld be just and light and from this ! i we will determiue the rate of wages a j man should receive. Again we will calculate for an average family five: Cost of living. 20c a day each. . rood house, rent !: Poll and oilier taxes 1 Doctor bills I Children's clothing $20 each. ... ne carpet each year 1 l.i uti lit 09 lo on 5 OH tin ;o 60 00 36 ( to 60 0l 25 4 i New furniture New bedding; New dishes, tinware, ete, Fuel and light R. It. fare, carriage, lecture, ett Books, papers, etc Organ, music, pictures, ete Donation to charities Donation to church Other tiling I : 100 Total 1974 00 Man's wardn be: Oie good suit cf clothes 8 20 00 One go d hat 3 00 One good pair shoes 3 50 Three white shirts 3 00 Collars, cuffs, ties, etc 3 00 Underclothing 5 00 One common hat 1 50 One straw hat 25 One coarse suil 10 00 Coarse shoes I 50 Common shirts, etc 5 00 Barber bill 6 20 Other things 10 00 Total Wife's wardrobe: One good dress. . . . Five calico dresses . Three worsted dresi Two good pairs of s ti '.) 11 00 12 00 (i 00 ses hue Two pairs of common sho Overshoes and stockings . Two hats Winter wrap Spring wrap Corsets, undorwear, etc,. . Other things 00 1 5 10 8 oo 15 001 8 00 1 5 oo i 10 OO I $105 50 i 1 !7 I 0J Total Family expenses Husband's wardrobe Wife's wardrobe 71 : lo." Total This shows that the would be a little les month. We think I'm cost ol living i than $100 a is a moderate estimate for a good living. T! tor and dental hills may averagi ten dollars. One new carpe year is ?oi small an estimate, of furniture will be more th i. ... above each Wear n ten dollars a vear. Fi e dollar-, a month for shows, lecture-, railroad fare, car riage hire, amusements, 'te., may be plenty but not too much. Hie esti mate is moderate. Now a man should accumulate something above a living. He should store away something for old age, for misfortunes and adversity. Say he saved one dollar for each working day that would be $,'100 a year. Then in round figures a man should have $1,- 500 a vear, $1,200 for expen ami $300 for savings. Divide that by 300 working days and get $5 a day. That looks like big wages, but it takes that much to live that well. If that estimate i- too hi reduce it one-half n an The living cannot be reduce :u iei us average. me hal f . I he taxes, rent, doctor Lulls, ami some- .i,i other items cannot be reduced one half. Some other items, such as mu sic, amusements, contributions to church and charities may be reduced three fourths and that will average it to one-half throughout. A man then supports a family on half as much and saves $15o a year. This woul 1 require just half the wages. just $2.50 a day. So, anyone who will take the trouble to figure it out will see thai $1.10 a day is not enough. Neither is $1.50 enough. People exist on such wages but the do not live, ah tuis prat ing about protection ! American la bor is a hollow sham. For every five dollars of wealth created, tr.r goes iuto the pockets ot the rich, while the poor eke out an existence ( n th other dollar. It costs $200 a day to feed the president in the White House. I Asitr ggures the cost of living at , about $200 a day for a family in New j York Thousand of families sj en j from ten to one hundred dollars a day hut the workingman who creates th j wealth is supposed to support a fam i llv on less than ninety cents. ..li on such injustice. It is fight between dividends am I humanity. Irish World, T LE H NT Th eral millions of law n'tkis country who are h tin- doings of those ns m n sausut who comp; The are 1 better pla i and prepa ) wi lie t ;i 1 political parties. iking for some new and to camp while thinking uring their ballots. These jlt citizens do not take kind- j law-au ly to an and disi lists or if carrie an c ment that mcits to not raru oi law. it me ropu- law. I i LI ftC d by i thus I . t Ik v cause that non-law-abid- c ii no : . aim inns :uui io me work w UU ii must i will not .1: W- ion x-pa ing people iuse of reform i ue forward on anv ol the lines i , wl h are handled by those who des- troy proper pt and legit ness and Hf i ii i?" pan of intefcre with the prom mate transaction of busi . To jump out of the fry anie into t he ashes of in- t rnecine disorder and mob violence is not I i be thought f by that great and b tter element which seeks faith fully 1 correct evils bv the ballot removes ie new. his hot uaiting the and brings alk in defiance of law if ; in i e who defy law and and the thOi .,!!'( Set law dienisi lv s up as higher than is ou a par with the acts of rough which all the financial in this count ry came. But lOl ne vv iiv oi m am ! too often unken agitator in Colorado the present year, men of money enough to ! e in: a thousand miles of rail created a greater demand would have been there ere housari Is now out of steady cv-m; king employ would and prospering. State of Pennsylvania, ac ) the official reports, there three labor stnekes during I SI) !. and uot one of them - is. The railway Union lor i this. and be 1 1 am in ; cor ung i were Sft the e u j was a si by ;v 1 1 i c !e loped to come to the to ail other unions, Initcd Slates Union, ike on the part of iis tself to oe other than : front as dicta! . including the j has by one mi j fficcrs prove f i i : 1 1 is neede (leu, i lien ire rt iser and aoier men iu tne laoor associations ol this couutry than Debs. Men who have kepi out of jail and out of the clutches ol the law. Men who can carry on a great Work without appeal ing to the meddlesome and the un ruly. h u who love law and lawful methods, and w ho would proceed by Use ballot to displace the old. and properly aud respectably place the new, The man with one idea, and that one to light and kill, may be a good man in a canse, but he is not. the man to be entrusted to the position as leader. While there is ich a thing as courage', there is al crction. The mouth o need foi dis t hal is always r en is sometimes very uanuerous to its owner, especially wnen it comes to a place where the least said is tin- so- -ne vancc t mcnueu Though. fomerov s A- i i a man tells you he ; Lincoln Republican taki an Abraham him bv the hand an 1 tell 1 im that he is Populist, and t.v comparing notes he will admit that he is. Again, if a man tells you he is a Jefferson ian Democrat, you will una ue in prin a true O le party man t know it. uie. omv ue en should vt i ii i populist iionesth ;! I iii UU sO Ii iiie their sentime nu, and mean to :, en-iet,-,! :efr. ! iff.- -In- News. Jacksou, Mi At ii Alabama P t- carried f ur congres ii nai .in ne county o henerv an this means four traight i. nulit mgi essmen from Alabama. The democrats can steal the state by conn ting the negro cotin- lies, hut they can t manage t.'c?e lour it tricl s. ...r.o mtormisl. The U with Democratic J Iver in 1573. The heio. demonetized silver in 173. The rWurtrtr-fntia with Rpmihlircin beta re & m peated the dose in lSi'3. Which is i which? llentou, Kansas, Tribune. 5 I ITT POPULIST STATE NLWS. The Farm Record of Ava, Douglass, county, has repudiated democracy and is Hying the people s party ticket. The populist of St. Clair county, are making a vigorous light and ex pect to win. J. Ii. Follett, of St. Louis, a mem ber of the state executive committee, informs us that organization is going forward and the people's party in creasing rapidly iu that city. Texas county populists recently held a two days' camp-meeting at Houston and nominated a strong ticket, G. H. HitTner of,Atherton, member of the State Committee from the Fifth district, sends a very encouraging re port regarding the outlook in his dis trict and in Jackson county. John S. Crosby is likely to be elected to con gress down there and Jackson county will elect a portion of the People's ticket. Dallas countv has a full "middle of the road" county ticket in the field with a lighting chance of electing it. Dade county populists have their war paint on and expect to elect their ticket in November, Speakers are in demand in many counties, but there is no money with which to pay them. (I. T. Deraaree has moved his "Com monwealth ' from Lamar to Clinton. The populists of Carroll county held their nominating convention at Carrolltown, August 28, and put out a strong ticket. Douglass county populists nominat ed a straight ticket on the 28th of Au gust. Tarkio Indepinkent. Would Not Demonetize Anything. Letters come to us every day in which t..c writers ask if we should ad vise the demonetization of gold and silver, the substitution of full legal tender paper moniy therefor. Certainly not. The Government has no moral right to demonetize anything it has once decreed and issued as legal tender. The man who buys from the tJov eminent or from any person anything that is legal tender for a debt is buy ing that much of the cream of all wealth, so far ag relates to business purposes, and has the. right to have that creation kept alive iu its official position as money till he uses it in the payment of debts, and thus passes it to the next This is the only purpose for which the law creates legal tender, and whenever the act of demonetization strikes the legal tender quality from that coin or creation law, it robs the person in whose possession the lega tender was when in was demonetized I of the very power he paid for, am J leaves it dead on his hands so far as using it for the original purpose is concerned. We w ould not demonetize any kind of legal tender, any more than we would by law declare the letter carry ing quality of a postagestamp io be wrested therefrom, and this at a loss to every one who had one or more in his possession. Let all coins remain mc loorol ImuW nt their face value till ; ' lhL'v wer out and disappcai, and let paper money be an addition to the useful creations of the Government under the law as legal tender.- -Pom- l eroy's Advance Thought. Domo-Hepubltcan presidential tick- maiorities rannu"det for 189: or president, Grover ious; Thev have I Cleveland, of Buzzard s Bay ; for iee ., , . . . , t- e election president, Benjamin Harrison, cor- 1 poration attorney Platform, "down with labor and up with the army." Chairman national committee, John Sherman; advisory board, the sugar, : whisky aud several other trusts; re- turning board, United States circuit courts. Nonconformist. j -i iove me principles oi iiue ue- . -v B . 1 - ! mocracv." Lone Fisherman's last letter. So did Benedict Arnold love his country. Nonconformist. JONES BOLTS THE TRACES The Evening Washington, D. C. Star says: To-day furnished a genuine sensa tion in political circles by the state ment that Senator John P, Jones, of Nevad , who lu.s represented his State in the United States Senate for over twentv-one years, has formally renounced his allegiance to the Re publican party and cast his lot with t lie Populists. Senator Jones has written a letter to his constituency, which will be published in Nevada to tmorrow, and will be the first inti ma ion to the people of that State that he has doffed the political gar ment that he has worn with such dis- tinsion for so many years, and will don the garb of thejthird party. His intentions have been kept secret from all but his most intimate associates, and it was his intention to have the first public announcement of his ae- tiou made in the letter which will be published in his political home. With this end in view Senator Jones de clined to-day'of speak to the contents of his letter, but it is understood that lis change of policy is based almost entirel) upon the question of silver. Senator Jones left Washington to- lay for New York. His holt makes the Nevada Congressional delegation solidly Populist, Senator Stewart laving left the Republican party sometime ago and Represenative Newlands having been elected as a silverite. POPULISTS should at once organize" in every school district iu this country. Meet ud elect a president, vice-president. secretary and treasurer of the Popu- ist Club in that district. Invite all voters to assemble at least once a week, to discuss the present terrible financial condition of the countrv. Invite those who do not understand what is meat by the Populist move ment, those who are opposed to it, and present facts in proof that people have as much right to move on and from new parties as to sit still and be robbed, year after yeai. Have pic nics, lectures, entertainments of various kinds to lighten the exercise, and see how people will come into this movement once they understand what is to be accomplished by this one more New Departure, as New De partures are always in order. Have reading matter always haudy to hand to those who can and will read, and in vite the wives and children to attend these meetings, as they are al affect ed by the laws and the way they are administered, even if they do not have the right to vote. Pomeroy 's Advance Thought, Labor papers, so-called, are blam ing the law. How woul J it sound for a shoemaker who made for himself a shoe, to blame the shoe because it did not fit him or his foot. The law is a senseless thing, which is just as it is made. If the law does not fit, or pinches too much here und is too l ose there, maks it over. You have the ballot as the thing created for this very purpose, But for God's sake and man's sake aud the sake of the country, honor the law while it is a law. All the financial evils now swarming over this mortgage-covered country are the result of mistake in the use of our ballots. Don t blame the law, which could not Iks what it is were the farmers and laborers, busi ness men, and all' who are cramped bv it, exeept that they had made ii so. Let us begin by voting a new style of men 'aud thought into Congress. That is the place where the snake's eggs are laid-Poineroy's Advance Thought The Journal, at Excelsior Springs, in the Staie of Missouri, is Demo cratic, even if it says that the party now in power has done nothing these three years or so, exeept jam wind and draw salaries. If yon create wealth should you not enjoy it? If not, continue voting with Carnegia, Pullman & Co. Nonconformist.