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HANNIBAL DAILY JOURNAL
TiTt'cT . . .Z 1 r . ' 1 '
TUESDAY EVSMNQ, UARClTTiJsii.
t .i TXBJa OT tHK SUIT JOURWAU.
a Adw, ..... $3 for tares amthi.
O. CLEMENS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
Cungress granted to certain States, contain
ing publio land, the swamp and inundated landi
therein. This act was obtained upon memorial
irom me Mates, in order to reclaim thera for
cultiration; and to abate the causa of sickness in
their neighborhood, (which Coneress had re
fused to do,) under the implied Mig'ation that
mo Slates would do so.
The State of Missouri, then, turned those
lands over to the countiei and provided for that
appointment of coramisioners to examine, felect
and report, each identical tract of the lands con.
at...-.l I .....
.vuyiuiou oj congress. Most of the counties,
wo are iniorraeu, took measures to make the se
lection, but we have aeon no offioial general re-
port or the amount, so selected, by the counties.
isolated reports of somo of the counties, how
ever, are calculated to indicate a very different
character of the counties from that heretofore
licld and reported.
For SnafnnnA. en. 1 1
-. vlUO oueioy, macoft, L.inn,
uuu uier lmerior counties, always, heretofore,
hold and reputed to be high, dry, rolling, and
well drained, and of.. oil exceedingly, rid,,
and reported as having obtained 40,000, 14,000,
u.m ,uw ocres respectively of wet,
wompy and inundated lands, after extensive
private location, amidst and alongside of land,
or no better character !
We cannot understand this, especially, while
the general reputation of lhoe counties is not
cons.dered as imparled by the discovery.
But, what is more singular, it is ..id that many
arge tract, brought under thi. description, ore
located on some of the highest and best prairies,
noted for great fertility and the best cultible
wnicn. though level, are known to
jugn up cry, and to produce well!
mimical to the reduction of all
our public land, to private ownership; but large
i..i ' .fl1 r? ot taxation, is as
U.U..U M,ne federal Government, es
pecially if not redeemed or used for tho im
provement of the country.
.. it .. .
u-, mere is another view of this eubjeat
ticrve puuno attention.
TheiO errant is .. at. n. .
f- nw imuuo iu uio oiaio on pc-
tition and memorial, with the avowed object of
..muuon ana improvement, by the States
,u8 uiu muniment or that obligation, the
otaie turned them over to the counties.
which they lie, under tho sameWi obliga-
iinw ta.. ..r..ll !.! aft ....
"""i wwuiij avomiBg uie conditions.
Congress afterwards generously granted lands
to aid the construction of Rail Roads in this
In the location of these roads, companies find
many valuable lands within their limits, claimed
oy me counties. Here, then, are the onlv nor.
ties who oan oontest tho fact of any tract, selec
ted by the county, being or not being, of the
description within the true intent and meaning
ui iug uci oi iongress.
Rail Roads will reclaim and elevate the Val
ue or even swamp lands, in their course, and
being of paramount importanBo to the counties
through, or near which they run. thev are Just.
ly entitled to all the lands, not strictly within
the meaning of the act of Cotgress, and which
fall within their range, and the allotment of their
For the Journal.
BAILK8AD BOOTES TO TEX .PACIFIC.
Aamng, men, the main stem of Dr. G win's
plan, from Memnhie. VIA IPllIf AM m. wkA A II... As
querque, through ' Walker's pass, and thence swel
north to San Francisco and the mouth of the Im"1
Columbia as an illustration of the Southern
route, what advantages and disadvantages does
it present? Its main advantages are that it tra
verses New Mexico from East to West cross. K1
ing the Colorado probably at a navigable point, besrl
finding there a communication with the Pacifio
t .co.cii, ana giving a site ror an im-dre
portant city, and crossing the Sierra Nevada K I '
Walker's pass (universally admitted to be the swe.
most lavorauie point in the whole rano-eV from SI!"
j,uim, uy us northern course, it traverses hpi
C5oo Selected JStorji.
.JBAxTo BTOBT A IHK.ILI.IHa BXKTCB.
m took bis stt, the old man arose, his
lowMing in lis synmelry, and nil ctrst
i o inntiea ois orvsin lliroiiprj bis inin, at
lis. To me. at that limn, thorn wu soma
thinpf inKpiring nd grand Id Ihesppearanet of the
uiu iih ne sioou, wun nil lull eve UDon tne audi.
enceicth abut hard, sad a silence like that of
dratirlghout (he church.
nil bis gaze upon the tavern keeper, and that
fe lingered ana Kindled for ball a moment,
aw red upon hie forehead, and beneath the
s dm eyes guttered and glowed like a ser.
is uvein Keeper quailed before trtel searcn
and I felt a relief when tbe old man with-
ize. For a moment more he seemed lost in
d then, in low and tremulous tones, com
itere was a depth in that voice, a thrillinr
na painoe, wbicb riveted every Dean in trie
ore the first period had been rounded. Mv
Jmlion bad become fixed unon the eve of the
frith an Int.raaf I K.d am... hfnr. mrimn hit.
the fertile vallsys of California and Oreiron nf- "thi r ean oul bri'fly "l substance of
fordinc fhm . , . 6 . wh.T Pld B' di ho-gh h scene U M vivia
0 ...... .u cu means or inter-commum-1 oeio
cation with each other, and with the older Slates,
as anr that I ever witneued.
" I ienda I I am a atrannr in vonr villace. and
Qm.. .1. , . trusa jyeaiiioafnendf. A new star baa ariaen
..u ui ineso aavaatages it possesses in com- snd l Is hope in tbe dark night which bangs, like
would probably repay to our Government the eye
cost of the road. In a miliiArv n:nt t "4
this road is very important, as it would furnish my
the means to effect uW t,.... . todr
u ........ ... . .. 7
" uu, 10 ao wiuiout it, i. e. repress the sav- life
age tribu of that region, and nmti . m
o 9 - f VUI Villi )VM
ana the Mexican frontier. The day may not be ",! 1
iar uisiani wnen the possession of lower Call
'In justice to the great publio advantages of
inu iuii ivoaa 10 me country, thi counties might
ii - cr j . .... 6
wcu auoru 10 reiinquisn 10 me companies an
equivalent of their land, to the amount assigned
it the counties will not do this, we submit
that the proper officers of the Rail Road com
panies! on the part of ' stockholders, should ex
amine the lands selected as swamp lands and
test the claims of the counties, upon the true
discriptiuu of the laud. .
The counties are only entitled, by the charac
ter and description of the land. The Rail Roads i
ore entitled by limitation of space and numbers
mon with d more northern route, and some are Pw? f "Tf '""""Tr "
peculiar to it alone. Probably New Mexico tin . o thnu who IhaItmI ml
will never becomo of any value to us until nen- . JJn?,t tnw of Mrth r,,, chi,drenf ' tn,nk
eiraicu by railroads. She is now a renronnh tbe ehrd can look T.nd h. h..i i. . hcn
gllll in I. . . . . I hu kl mil iinnt. Ik. .t.,l,n... k.4 ....J.
.he mzzr .: T Tt "
j .w avuMiuuui.il iuq auiciceninir innu-1 ana Svv wanderer."
ence of the railroad shall exert it civil;.,!, r,D(C wh' pow thera m oicet.
Bnlili-.c I. . 6 I heykers oice was low and measured, but a tear
wealth-creating energies. Her natural resources trem in every tone. and. before I knew whv. a
are great, and tho development of these nlnn ,e",ipd nP0D mT n,nd followed ky others like
.... n ... r MJe, luone, lralnil. Thl nU mm hnilhl frnm hll ln
and Christians, you have lust heard that I am
a vaari and a fanatic. I era not. As God knows
sad heart, I came here to do good. Hear me
an old man, standing alone at the ead of
i ia deep sorrow in mv heart and tears hi mv
have journeyed over a dark.beaconlessoeean.
ie's orient nones nave oeen wrecked. I am
wittnl friends, home or khidred, on earth, and look
;. i c . . wmeing to the ret or the night of de.lh. With'
norma and bonora may give us the eomnlete out Wuli. kindred or home I It was not once sol"
control of the Gulf of California, and the ports L?.T e,ou,d.w"hj,r,d h Ptbos of the
i . ,, . ' lu " I old al. I noticed a tear trembling on the lid of my
in it and on the neighboring coasts. Such an fath eye, and I no more felt ashamed of my own.
event would make this southern road indisnens- ,k'14 mj frien'!.,, ? WM not 1 t,c vAwiT v.r
.1.1. tu . uujou then waves which hava wrecked my hopes, there
aoie. i he crossing of the Sierra Nevada by Utl jlessed light of bappineas and home. I reach
Walker's Pass is looked upon as entirelv nrao- fB, Jnviilively for the shrine, of tbe household
i,i , .ii , , . . r inoiinai once were mine now mine no inore."
licableatall seasons, and this fdet furnishes T!d man seemed leokineawav throuih vaeanev
perhaps the strongest argument in favor of the "p.T?e b.riht V' ''P1 Pr "if fin'!,,r
o.. i a a invoiumaruy mrnea in we airecuon
"u iouio. An easy connection With San whejit was no nted. dread nc to sea soma shadow
t. . V I innjtB, S. mm U. I I
"ego, nexno meitoy of Ban Francisco. , our
most vnlnnhie harbor on tho fiWK fnrnia Ano.t I wil
and within a few miles of . the South Line isfi'n'
another important advantage, peculiar, to the I ek
sn..il.nn ..... ti.. ..i ! . I anil
ulD' UD uvuUlgC. pBCUliar 10 a dinl4 the floodt of Iorrow wlshed awty lt, brTght-Lf the child, and the elect had frozen it to th.
Southern route, are then, I think, sufficient to nealnd the living heart I wrung till ev.'ry ibr. wasf hj "ek The .frost wm whit ? In if. Sift
induce its immeiliato " onnatmntfon. nt br0- . ? onc h,d nob'" -bra"a. Dd. .'""H-. rmA mri mm aawtfl eaaAiK It linn ' V I . ?
,w v. HW "i'vm i riAirniil tim mm nrivn nut Irnm In mini ni ttti hnm
uwin plun, and ts the only line, embracing! tniny old heart yearni to know if ho yet lives,
all its connections, but as a main stem from Hh'if.?',? f .Si"??? L
",u? irojeu ut ana u uvea wiiu sue wuu iuvci
lucmpiiis, or some soumern point, to Oan Di-lcDaren.
ego, leavintr the wants of the futura to JntAr.L 'fo not be startled, fnends-I am not a muri
mine its Eaatern and W.tn r.tBn.5n "58 ,n tl? ."mmon esjeplatitm of the termH
fpi a , t 1 I "7IUIV sJfeii aia til y vasiig s sa. y 4. vyu .
.....UJWUU. i.u uwim uiuu oi one main i miner re loicea over the return or her protfiini
soumern stem, tor the use or the whole Union, soJ 1 he wife smile, upon him who agau
and a. preferable to a route via the Salt Lake, tusjs back to virtue and honor. The child-ari
I will now briefly detail: eeiisit. me at nieht-fall. and I feel the ha
lobe Contintud.) I lorlng touch of a tiny palm upon my fevprisl
m iclusn. Mv brave bov u ne vet lives, ouii
ft . . 1 . L . . . I . I D
JLtOUOr-Lam ltffnnn fove the sorrowing old man lor the treatmetl
bv its marie movinr.
nee had a mother. With her old heart crashed Itr babe, frozen to ioe 1
rrowij sne weniilown wnerrrave. loncahadjhad bowed
hlv borne. Her eve was as mild as a summer
d oer Heart as laitb ul ana true as ever rardedfl""S
erished a husband's love. Her blue eye grewfctorro. She had placed
i efcee, and .he fell forward upon th hearth.
' in Curie, of hell boiled in my bosom, and with '
' ejer intensity, as I felt that I bad committed
twbng. I had never struck Alary before-, t
nU pome terrible impulse bore ma on, andi I
slxmd doarn. aa well as I eeuld i sav drunk-
I I ' V .L
ei iu)te, and clinched both bands in her hear.
"tod of mercy. James V txolaimed my wuf,
as ti looked up in my fiendish countenance,
'yoi Will not kill us tyoit will not harm Willi. '
and sSo sprung to the cradle aad grasped him
in hi embrace. I caught her again by the bttlr
and ragged her to the door, and, as I lifted thf ;
latclJ.the wind burst in with a cloud of snow
Witlthe yell of a fiend, I still dragged her or
and batted her out into the darkness and ta
storaJ With a wild ha 1 ha I I cloeed tHeV
door dJ turned the botton. her oleadino- moan?
minglkg with the wail of the blast and sharya
cry o'iier babe. But my work was not cbssm .
plete. 1 turned to the little bed where lay say.j.
older m and snatobed hisa from his slumbers,.; .
and, i linst his half-awakened struggles, open..
ed thi loor and threw him out. In the agony t
of fee he called to me by name I was no
longeffitto bear, and locked his1 little fcn'gr'
into fy side-pocket. I eould not wrncrrthat'W
frentd grasp away, and, with the coolness of
. .. T wti. mriuf ihm Amr nntai tim ftrm. t
and Tith my knife severed the arm at the ?
lb sneaker ceased m Beoment and buritd hie . ;
f acen his hands, as it to shut otst some fearful 7"
dren, and hu deep chest heaved like a storm. ..
swat sea. My father 1kad arisen fresa hie (
seal and leaning forward, his countenance
blolless, and the large drops standing out upon .
.aaw.w. v ..... v. J j D
I wished I was at home. The eld matt '
d ud. and I never have since beheld such.'
mlal agony pictured upon n human face, e
thfe was en his.
t was morninsr when I awoke, and the stoma .
ceased, but the cold was intense. I first
soured a drink of water, and then I looked in .
accustomed place for Mary. As I misse4 .
, for the first time a shadowy sense of soma ,
rible nightmare began to dawn upon my
ndering mind. I thought that I had dreamed
earful dream, hut involuntarily onened the
tside door with a shuddering dread. As the
ior onened. the snow bunt in. followed bv
'fall pr something across the threshhpld,' scat-
Ting tne snow and striking the floor wun a. , .
tarp, hard sound. My blood shot like reanot u.
rows through mv veins, and I rubbed my eyee '
b shut out the sight. It was it God, hswvr
orrible I was my own injured Mary ana
l be ever true, motner.
.herself oyes the. cjuld M'shtfU.At(..
itaupea au oer own, omuiing- btmiu! it . '
ber own person stark and .bare to the z
her hair over the fat '
. Whisky Did It
Thus talks neighbor Van Vorhea
h drove him into the world, and thejblo
maimed him for life. God forgive tie f Jl
uin which 1 have brought upon m
e again wiped a tear from his eye.
opened eyes, and upon its tiny fingers. I know
not what became or my brave boy."
Mr. Edward Snider, of the firm of Snider &
Turner, of Dubuque, committed suicide, in Keo
kuk, last Friday night, by cutting hit throat.-
Cause, reverses in business. He had been mar-.
ried only about three weeks.
Ihus talks neighbor Van Vorhes, of the th.'
Athens Messenger last week, in announcing that m'j
on the previous "Saturday moraine- Rinhnnl (
Dowler, one of the "oldest inhabitants," of that Mer watched him with a strange intensiti
.. . 1 a .,1 a .. . . I 1 a 1 1 .. . 1 .1
viuuiuy, uifaa suuaeniy while in a slate of in- B 7uniCDance unusuauy po . vaui.i
toxioation. In truth, it would have been diffi. oe strong emotion. j
cult for him to have found time to die while in ti was once a fanatic, and madly followed th
any other condition within the oast .oora or malign light which led me to ruin. I was
more or years. We have not learned the par-Iaf110 when 1 sacrificed my wire, children, Dare
ticulars, only that he died as the drunkard dieth piJess and home, to the accursing demoi of tlil
-steeped in the bitterest drears of novertv and bcfvl. I once adored the gentle being whom
degradation. While livintr. some there were inlired so deeply.
who would court him end roll out whole rivers! H WM drunkard. From respectability an
of liquid death for his hard-earned dimeiKnr aatl amuence. 1 plunged into degradiion an
in his miserable death, not one tear of svmm.thv PtVerty. I dragged my family downwith m
will be dronned over the crave of nnrnirr Fir years I saw ner cheek pale ant'her sti
Dowlcb. who onee. nerlmrm. mnv Kiuv. .. ... I irm w weary. I left her alone amid the wrei
taincd as high hopes of happiness as any iu our m?1' Jvw idols, and rioted at tM tavern.
iuiuii. i gps uover uuiuiiiaiucu. vev biiii uuu uia vunui
We heard an individual remark that i. I went hungry for bread.
ty had lost nothinnr bv his death. Perhnnn net "One New Year's night, I retuned late
but what has iie lost bv his course P nrnfli. the hut where charity had given uii roof.
sracv? Think vou not that he niuiMiml n im was yet up, and shivering over the
Military Exfloit. Last week, two mra-. ,
bers of Capt. Almstead's company of Artillery., ;.
went from St. Louis, upon the request of the mi
owners of the Tenneaaee Trnn WnvL. rt.. .
4 Cumberland river, for the purpose of shooting '
oil the top of a chimney one hundred and eighty ''
feet high, which for some weeks had been tot.
tering, and threatened to demolish a portion of . 1
the Iron Works. At the first fire, with their '. !"''
piece loaded to the muzzle, they brought jtoro : '
forty feet of the enemy, and thus removed th ', ,
danger. . ;.r .!v ,t
Ji See ti-nns of tho
mortal spirit P And who will be held retv.n,i demanded food, but she burst into fears and tel
sible as an accomnlioe in his course nf life. me there was none. I fiercely ordered herl
in his miserable death? We seek not to nena &et ,one- She turned her eyes sidly upon
trate the veil between the nresent nn.l fnim.. the tears falling fast over her palp cheek.
We do not know who furnished him with )i. "At this moment the child iu its cradlaaw
last bottlo of liauor. hut Ornninntenno will to!-, and sent un a famished wail, swtli:.g the ill
coenitra nee of these thinira. Wnimtn him ihn paring mother like a serpent's sling.
tmitetn the bottle to his neiahhar's hit" Vf-r.i. "We have no food, James-fhave had nl
.,1 - a .. . . - O " -V , 1 .1 ... .U- U-l
nellvsiue IU.) Jierld. i loriwoaays. i nave nomingior mo uauw-
Tlie tenmer Ewiifft Waft was sunk on Fri
'hy week, ia tho Wabash river, near Viiicbw-p,
by cojj-iwr iucullisivii w:i!i tlellciUiau."
My once kind husband, must i
' That sad, pleading face,
eves, tht inutile wiul ul tli
lil-.': iU.d i -jtsi I t. 1
A project is on foot to construct
r.ll la. W avta .m,l . ,mm... .a..!.. I , aft
.aaa. ttj , vuu nuu utaltor UJIIVB luljgl ei lAe iljj
Indiana side of he Ohio at the Falls of Louis'.'';-)'
ville. The only present mode of paining boate
in time of low water, is by the Portland canal, ,
on the Kentucky side of the river j thii fcanal cah
only-pass boats the dimensions of whveh do pot 1:'
exceed 180 feet In length and 48 f set beam over '
the guards, consequently the businestnust then
be carried on by boats within these umensiaiisj, , ,
The new deais simply to construct upon the 1 i.
Indiana bank of the river a railway, the length
of which will be about one and a tjiirter miles, '
and the widlh about 62 feet, with proper locks ;
at each terminus; the whole to be uch mag.
nitude as to be able, without dijo)ging' cargo, V
to pass steamboats of the largest olaas, or say -350
f)t in l.-iiiflli, iiud 80 feet klta over th ' '''