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THE DULY JOURNAL.
O. CLEMENS, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1853. TI&X1 CI Tfls DlIirTO&fiJiE; laAJraaa, 93 for six mwtka. NOTICE. Having ft Urge amount ef busi ness demanding undivided attention, and which, in addition to my editorial Ubort, it more than I can welt attend to, and ai this will probably continue to be the caie for three or four weeks to come, I have engaged the servioos ef Rev D. EMtaioir, for the time named, and who will take charge of the editorial department of to morrow evening's paper. 0. Clcmevi. Wtdneidav Evening, Sept. 7M, 1853. LATCH 0 k 00B5IB RONS. On Wednesday, the 14th of thii month, the Corner Stone of the new Christian Univeriity at Canton will be laid with appropriate ceremo nies. President Shannon of the Missouri Uni versity and Elder Jacob Creath, of Palmyra, will be present and deliver addresses. Hon. Lewis Cass, Hon. Edward Bates, and Mr. O If. Browning, of Quincy, have also been invited to attend and addrress the publio on the ocea ton. The "Columbians," among the sweetest singers in the country have promised to attend. Ample arrangements have been provided for me entertainment or strangers, ana a genera invitation is extended. This college will be an imposing structure, situated on a beautiful eminence, about a mile from the river. It will be 120 feet front, in eluding the wings, and the main building will be 120 feet deep. Canton is handsomely situated ; is a flourish- ling town, and is improving rapidly. Nxw Papeh. The " Central Missourian" is the title of a new paper, te be published weekly in the city of Boonville, by Benjamin F. Buie. The paper will be independent in politics, and chiefly devoted to literature, temperance, mis cellany and general Intelligence. The first number will be issued this month. Price, one dollar and fifty cents, in advance. The editor was for sotne years past connected with the South-Western Flag," at Springfield, Mo. Fall domino at Wholesale. See ad vertisement of Webster, Marsh & Co., of St. Louis. From ins Western Journal. Hannibal aod St. Josspb. Railroad. The survey of a route for the Hannibal ind St. Joseph Railroad has placed the min eral resources of North Missouri before the people of the United States in a new light, whilst the fact that this line of road traverses a coal field for the distance of seventy miles is calculated to make it one of the most important improvements in the Mississippi Basin. Coal may be regarded as a necessary element for modern civil ization, and the imagination can scarcely grasp the extent to which its consumption is destined to be carried in this broad region. To give some idea of the growth of the coal trade east of the Alleghanies, where ffooa is much more abundant than in the vast, we extract the following statistics from the Railroad Journal: In 18-21 there were 1,071 Tons con sumed in the U. S. 1831 178,000 1841 888.000 " 1851 4,285,730 ... At the same ratio of increase for the next decade the consumption- will be in 1861 seventeen millions of tons." No apprehension need be entertained on the part of the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad company, that there will be little or no demand for coal; it will not ke many years after their road shall have been com pleted before it will be taxed to its utmost capacity to transport this one article. And traversing, as it does, one of the best ag ricultural district" of this great valley, it will not be loig before a double track will be f eeuired to do the business of the line. We ract cordially congratulate the company and the citizens of North Missouri in general, in view of the brilliant prospects oerore them. rangement of our Journal, we trust some other occasion may arise which will enable us to do more ample justice. rjQ"The Daily News, an evening journal issued at Newport, Ky., Is essentially a fam ily paper." It is edited and published by VV. S. Daily, and every type that goes into its columns is set by his laughters. The little girls set type with very great facility. The paper is jjot ready, put to press and worked off bv the familv in a matter of course kind of way, just as the dishes are washed, or any other job of house-work performed. Published by request. ADDRKSS Bsfars tta " Hannibal City Llqsor Lav Safsrai Atsetia- Uoa 1H Sapc S, ISM. By O. Cisxim. (Concluded.) People often tell us that they confess freely that intemperance is a great evil, but that it can never be banished, and broadly assert, but with out giving any reliable authority, which they cannot do, that all attempts to suppress the liquor traffic by law have entirely failed ( that there is more drinking in Maine and other States which have adopted prohibitory laws than there was before their adoption ; that drinking is done in a secret, underhand manner, and that men "drink for spite!" If it is driven into secret places, it will soon beoome disgraceful in a greater or less degree in the estimation of publio opinion ; and when that is the case, re spectable men will not be in (Linger of becom ing drunkards, and the sooner those who "di ink for spite" kill themselves, the better it will be for the community in which they live. So that if the evil is driven out of sight, where it can not tempt the unstable and unwary, it is a great good accomplished. Wc have seen the most favorable accounts from Vermont, of the oper ation of the Maine Liquor Law in that Stole. The Mayor of Portland, Me., in answer to o letter of inquiry from a gentleman of Cincinnati, (who is in favor of a prohibitory law in Ohio) as to the operation of the Maine liquor law. writes as follows : Citt or Portia kd. Mayoh's Orrict, AuZ. 12, 1853 Dtar Sir : The liquor law has been and is siill enforced in thiso ity. We have no publio drink ing houses or shops where liquor is publicly sold, and our city is very quiet. But few rases of intemperance ore seen, nuclease of crime be fore our last court were much less than for some years previous. Liquor van on purchased tree- ly in our neul.borinir state, JNew Hampshire, and in the city of Boston. Any of our citizens can purchase there and take it to their houses for use, but not for sole. I have no doubt there is much drinkii'g in private, which the law can not and does not attempt to control. So far a meets the public ej e, there has been a very grvat improvement in our city under the operation of the law. iours,&c, James B. Cahoot, Mayor, Prof. E. Pond, of the Bangor, Me., Theolog ical Seminary, in answer to the question, "What effect has the law already produced?" any.: "It has put an end to rum-selling for drinking purpose, except in the lowest places, and in the most private, sneaking, contemptible way. It has greatly diminished drunkenness. I have not seen a drunken man in our streets for the last six months. At this season of the year with all our lumbermen from the woods, our Irish and Indians, I have not seen one intoxicated. The law has made our streets quiet through the night. Very few, comparatively, get into the watch house. The House of Correction has been at times, almost empty; I know not but it is so now. The expense of paupers is greatly diminished; also the expense of litigation. Hundreds of thousand throughout the Slate, who but for the law had been miserable drunkards, and whose homes had. been the abode of the extreinest wretchedness, are now industrious, sober citi sens, and their families are living in compara tive comfort." The Detroit, Michigan, Tribune says, "It has been a source of universal remark that the Fourth of July was never known to pass off in this city as quietly and with as little "noise and confusion," rioting and drunkenness, as did Monday last. The beneficial influences of the Maine Law appear to be working in advance, and we are pleased to be able to record the fact that there! were not half a dnxen drunken men seen about the streets on the Fourth. Law and order prevailed throughout the day, and We are conscious of the iniostioe whioh we, when the larre crowd that had flunked into the - it . ? mm T i ,. l . . . . . o we cuiei engineer, J. u amenun, xq., oy wty rrom all parts or toe country, is taken Into copying a part of his very able report without consideration, the universal sobriety that har puUiahing tbe whole document; but as that was acterixod the whole celebration is remarkable, not practicable without doing violence te tbe errand augurs well fer tbe upholding of the liquor law." I am not quoting these testimonials for the purpose of upholding the Maine Liquor Law, out to show that it is possible to effect a vast umount of good by the operation of lav, and de ducing the the conclusion that if law can effect so much in those States, why should an ordi nance in Hannibal be expected to increase the amount of liquor drinking? Why may knot be expected with more reason that H will very much diminish theomount of drinking, and force the little there is to hide itself from publio gaze like a guilty criminal P But if it will really increase the amount of traffic in liquors, why do liquor dealers so vehemently oppose the ordi nance? If they could sell more, and that too, without paying any license, their own interest should lead them to petition for the ordinance. Somejiiquor sellers in Maine impoverished them selves, and actually be came bankrupts, by their determined efforts to oppose the law; yet all the time the cry was raised, or at least it is raised here, that laws to suppress the liquor traffic only increase the evil. The New York Her ald, the'most scandalous, unscrupulous sheet in America, has busied itself with publishing false reports of the effects of the Maine Liquor Law, and these have circulated faster than the truth. Several towns in this Slate have succeeded in suppressing the liquor traffic. I believe Fulton is among the number; I am certain that New London is. You cannot find a more peaceable, quiet town than New London. It is said that there is now more drinking now in Palmyra than before the attempt to suppress it. I have lieard tins denied; but, granting that it is so, who is prepared to assert that any efforts arc made in Palmyra to enforce the law? Perhaps they ore like the people of Boston, who have the law but do not try to enforce it. We intend to lunc offi cers in this city who will perform their duty in this mutter. Bat wo arc happily able to produce still more conclusive testimony that prohibitory laws do not increase the evils attendant upon the hq- uoi traffic. In a communication of Neal Dow, Mayor of Portland, to the citizens of that town, dated September, 1S51, he says: There were in our Alms-house, June 2,1851, (the law was approved on that day ) one hun dred and sixteen persons; on the tirst Monday of August there were eighty-live, and on the 1st Monday of September, twenty one. The Maine Law was passed June 1st, 1851. From the Annual Rep.irtof the Mayor of Port land, March 25, 1852, we take the following: "At the commencement of the year, 1 expres sed the opinion that the construction of a new Alms-house establishment, to cost at leant $50, 000, would be iudispensible. If the pres ent course of policy shall be steadily persevered in, our alms-house will probably ufford abundant and comfortable accommodation for all its in mates, until the city shall be three or lour times as populous as it now is. At the commence ment of the year the number of open rumshops of all grades, in lull operation, was supposed to from 300 to 400; three hundred was its lowest estimate; at present there is nut one. The re ceipts of these places per day, at the lowest fig ures, may be reckoned to average three dollars; this for 300 days, would give two hundred and seventy thousand dollars per year. This amount will purchase 50,000 barrels of flour al $5 each, or about five barrels of flour and five cords of wood to every family in the city, esti mating the number of families at 4,000. A great many families destitute a year since, are now comfortable and happy. The following is t iken frosa a report made at a meeting of the citizens of Bangor, in the City Hall, Nov. 14, 1851, on the operation of tbe Maine Temperance Law; "We have obtained from the proper sources the following statistics, whioh will illustrate the matter in detail: Commitment to tbe county jail, quarter ending: Sept. 30,1850 Drunkenness, 12 Assault, 7 June, 30, 1851 do. 11 do 3 Sept. 20, 1851 do. 3 do 5 Showing a difference in favor of this quarter of 6, as compared with the one previous, and of 11, as compared with the corresponding one last year. Commitments to the city watch-house quarter ending : June 30. 1851 154 Cost $558 80 Sept. 30. 1851 61 " 375 73 Difference in favor of this quarter 103" $18307 Number of plaoes where liquor is sold: Last spring 106 1 Al present 66 Clinwirt m xtiminnfiAn at intni flA riv itant 'while the quantity told is estimated te be re- . i J.. .' -J-i L- -jgjt.,ifflaQP3r? duced 75 per cent. Moat of these are Irish duelling of the lower clawhich cannot be searched without express proof ef toie where liquor is kept in very small quantities. Quantity of liquor seised and condemned, about 4,000 pilous, and a still larger amount reshipped to Boston. The state of the streets and city, according to the City Marshal's statement, is "Improved 75 per cent." as compared with the previous quarter. . As concerns pauperism, -an overseer of the poor says: "The applications for aid, for the last three months, have 'not been half se mime rous as the three preceding months. We tin derstand that the extra help during haying on the City Farm is all hired. It haa heretofore been performed by persons comtoitUd to the House of Correction for drunkenness, ef whom there has never been a deficiency. Tkt rouse of Comchon it now mpty." The operation of the law will be te add sons 400 or $500 to the amount of the poll taxes ef this city. In other words, it creates a body of some hundreds of new citizens, in place of an equal number of degraded and burdensome pau pers, or of men who for charity's sake were spared the tax. Do you hear that? you who tell us thst to suppress the liquor traffio will drive awsy trade, impoverish our treasury, and exclude population I Out-door expenses of the Pauper Establish ment: Quarter ending June 30, 1850, CO supported, $506 16 Do. Sept. SO, 1S50, 40 do. 406 43 Do. June 30, 1831, 49 do. 470 5 Do. Sept. 30, 1851, 28 do. 213 08 Showing a reduction of more than fifty per cent. for tho last quurtcr, against twenty per cent. last year. Expenses of Alms House, resulting from in temperance, in 1851 : Quarter ending June 30, . $161 58 Do. Sept. 30, 5 02 Showing a reduction or $156 51, or ninety seven per cent. Cost of support or common drunkards in the House of Correction, for Penobscot fount v. in 1851 : ' Quarter ending June 30, - $147 84 Do. Sept. 30, - . 40 67 Showing a reduction of $107 14, or 72 1-2 per cent. We have the Marshal's testimony that "en sidcrable improvement" is manifest in tbe eon dit ion of the intemperate classes, and that the comforts of many families have been greatly augmented. There arc attached to the above report some arguments showing the comparative advantages of the Maine Liquor Law. These I omit, be cause I am not trying to vliow that the Maine Law i better than any other kind of liquor law, but merely that prohibitory laws diminish, in stead of increasing the evils attendant upon tbe liquor traffic. We are said to be leagued with the abolition ists. Last Wednesday an abolition convention assembled at Syracuse, New York, at which John Jay, John P. Hale, Senator Chase and Garrett Smith figured prominently. An attempt was made to engraft the Maine Liquor Law among their resolutions, but they voted tbe pre position down. The suppression of the liquor traffio is a principle by itself, which has never been, and probably will not be, engrafted into the platform of any party, whig, or democratic, or abolition, or freesoil, until it becomes very popular, as it is now in Ohio, where both whig and democratio candidates find it necessary te convince the people that they are sound Main Law men. It is said by some that the clause in our char ter conferring the power to suppiess the liquor traffio in this city is unconstitutional. It is well known that the United States Government it self prohibits effectually the sale of liquor ta Indians, on account of the mischief it works among that people. But this is not all. Her are the opinions of several Judges of the Sit preme Court of the United States. Chief Justice Taney said : " If any State deems the retail and Internal traffio in ardent spirits injurious to its eitixea. and calculated to produce idleness, vice and de bauchery, I see nothing in the Constitution of the United States to prevent it froea regulating and restraining the traffic, or from prohibiting it altogether if it thinks proper " Every Slate, therefore, nay regulate Its) own internal traffio aoceruing te its own jadf ment, end upon ita own views e the interest and well being of its citizens. (5 Srare,