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THE DULY JOURNAL. 0. CLEMEN'S, EDITOR AND PUBLISHER. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1853. isposed to mete but to others at much liberal ity as we claim for ourselves. We do not think the rotd, if it should be built, ill injure Hannibal io much a the editor of the Free Press appeart to imagine. ' 1XEXI Of TBI DAILY lOVKXaL. feaAveaoe, ...... ftSlaraisamths. ' NOTICE. Having a large amount ef busi ness demanding undivided attention, and which, 1ft Addition to my editorial labor , ii store than I oan well attend te, and aa this will probably continue to be the case for three or four week to oome, I have engaged the aervioea of Rev. D. Emi aioir, for the time named, and who will take charge of the editorial department of to morrow evening'a paper. O. Clem ins. WeJnaday Evening, Sept. 1th, 1853. LIBRARIES. That the ineitimable importance of publics li braries, especially to the young meo ef busi nesa towns, is getting to be very generally acknowledged, is shown by the manner in which all. cities of any note and very many villages in our la ad have entered into the measure of es tablishing them. Our enterprising sitter Stat, Illinois, especially, is said to have been very forward in thia matter, and her villages are generally much in advance of those upon thi aide. Hannibal ought, by this time, te have had comfortable raoms for the purposes of a Ii brary, debating clubs, and even the beginning of a commercial college ; and all these ought to exist to fill those rooms. She has the energy, if aha has the will. Present improvement and her manifest coming destiny point out to her to be atirring in the matter. By a little wise con' ultation and united action, the ball might be easily started and rolled up which should give to our young men, for their home, a handsome uite of rooms, a good library, a debating so ciety, and valuable lectures ou literary and scientiho subjects. Most cities have now an association called .."The Mercantile Library Association," composed of merchants' and their clerks, and conferring substantially the benefits mentioned above. Shall not Hannibal be blessed in this way this winter? We shall recur to this subject again. Bsilroal frsm Falmyre to Quincy. In another column will be found two articles one from the Palmyra Whig and one from the Quincy Whig, stating that arrangements have been commenced, looking toward the building or a railroad, under our general railroad law, from Palmyra to Quincy. This new project is a fur ther exhibition of the enterprise of the citizens of Palmyra and Quincy in building up their respective places. f Hannibal Journal. From the above paragraph it would seem that the Quincy and Palmyra rood has the same effect upon Hannibal aa that of the quack's " purely vegetable medicine which made alt his patient M die easy." If the statement is true, we cannot but admire the stoioat resignation of the Journal editor. The people of Hannibal must be disci plea of Diogenes, or fatally infatuated. Per haps they can't avoid the threatened danger, and having determined not to despise the " day of mail things, will settle down into a quiet re tail trade in tape, buttons and cheap prints , Perhaps moat of them expect to remove to Quincy J which we advise them to do, if the Palmyra " cut-off" is built. Will our Hannibal friends inform us as to ine state or the case I Don't tell us about your wealth and enterprise, i and ability of competition. We know all about that but tell us what is your general law, and ' Sf the right of a company to build the road is clear. If it is, we must say to Hannibal, with , deep jgrief, " may the Lord have merey on your soul In the mean time we commend Ih abominable " cut-off" to the notice of the editor of the Chicago Democrat. - Pittifield Free Press. 1 In answer to our neighbor of the Free Press we must stale that our quiet remarks originated from a sense of justice and propriety in re training from opposition to a project precisely similar to one we are seeking to accomplish Illinois. It would not have seemed liberal oppose the read from Palmyra to Quincy mere ly on local grounds. This Is the principle we assarted In blaming Quincy for her unjust, bit V ter opposition to the pike county road. They - have the authority, upder our general railroad law, to build the read from Palmyra to Quincy ai whether they ever build it or not, wo are I?" The following letter is some encourage ment to apprentices in country printing offices, as it ahows that it is praotioable to aoquire enough knowledge of the business in a Western country office, to command the best situations, West or East. There are a great many who uppose that no meohanical business can be learned well in the West i New Yoax, Aug. 81, 1853. Jtty dear Mother t New York is at present overstocked with printers! and I suppose they are from the South, driven North by the yellow fever. I got a permanent Situation on Monday morning, in a book and Job offioe, and . went to work. The printera here are' badly organized, and therefore have to work for various prioes hese prices are 23, 25, 28, 80, 82, and 85 cents per 1,000 ems. The price I get is 23 cents ; bnt I did very well to get a plaoe at all, for there are thirty or forty yes, fifty good printers in the city with no work at all ) be ides, my situation is permanent, and I shall keep it till I can get a better one. The office I work in is John A. Gray'a, 97 Cliff street, and, next to Harper's, is the most extensive in the city. In the room in which I work I have forty compositors for company. Taking com positors, pressmen, stereetypers, and all, there are about two hundred persons employed in the concern. The " Knickerbocker," " New York Recorder," "Choral Advocate," Jewish Chronicle," "Littell's Living Age," "Irish ," and half a dozen other papers and pe riodicals are printed here, besides an immense number of books. They are veiy particular about spaoing, justification, proofs, etc., and even if I do not make much money,' I will learn a great deal. I thought Ustick was particular enough, but acknowledge now that he was not old-maidish. Why, you must put exaolly the eamoirpahetwen every two wordand every lint mutt be spaced alike. They think it dread fuL Ifaw-wSth three Vrn prcS, and the next one with five ems. However, I ex pected this, and worked accordingly from the beginning) and out of all the proofs I saw without boasting, I can say mine was by far the cleanest. In St. Louis, Mr. Baird said my proofs were the cleanest that were ever set in his office. The foreman of the Anzeiger told me the same foreman of the Watchman the same j and with all this evidence, I believe I Jo set a clean prouf. My boarding house is more than a mile from the office ; and I can hear the signal calling the hands to work before I start down they use steam whistle for that purpose. I work in the fifth story ; and from one window I have pretty good view of the city, while another commands a view of the ahipping beyond the Battery ; and the " forest of masts," with all sorts of flags flying, is no mean eight. You have everything in the shape of water craft. from a fishing amack to the aleamships and men of-war ; but packed so closely together for miles that when close to them you can scarcely dislin guish one from another. Of all the commodities, manufactures or whatever you please to call it in New York trundle-bed trash children I mean lake the lead. Why, from Cliff street, up Frankfort to Nassau atreet, aix or seven squarea my road to dinner I think I could count two hundred brata. Niggers, mulattoes, quadroons, Chinese, and aome the Lord no doubt originally intended to be white, but the dirt on whose facea leave one uncertain as to that fact, block up the little narrow street J and to wade through thia mass of human vermin, would raise the ire of the most paueni person mat ever nveu. in going to and from my meals, I go by the way of Broadway and to cross Broadway is the rub but once across, it is the rub for two or three squares. My plan and how could I choose another, when there it no other ia to get into the crowd ; and when I get in, I am borne, and rubbed, and crowded along, and need scarcely trouble myself about using my own legs ; and when I get out, it seems like I had been pulled te pieces and very badly put together egain. ' Last night I was in what is known as one of. the finest fruit saloons in the world. The whole length of the huge, glittering hall is filled with beautiful ornamented marble slab tables, covered with the finest ftuit I ever saw in my life. I suppose the fruit could not be mentioned with which they could not supply you. it is a per- eot palaoe. The gas lamps hang in clusters of half a doten together representing grapes, I suppose all over the hall. P. S. The printera have two libraries in town, entirely free to the craft J and in these I oan spend my evenings most pleasantly. If books are not good company, where will I find it? JJ" The " Knickerbocker," for September, has appeared upon our table with its usual re gularity, and its usual store of useful and fancy reading. Terms, to single subscribers, in ad vance, only $3 a yenrt two copies, $5 1 five copies and upward, $2 each. LtcTnirt oh Music Last night Professor Belcher delivered an instructive lecture upon the elements of musio, in which he seemed to prove to the satisfaction of the audienoe, that the elementa of musio can be easily taught in few lessons. A class has been made up. An other lecture will be given to-night at the Chris tian Church, and a special invitation is extended to the public. The exercises will no doubt be quite interesting, as well aa instructive. Frioesdlogs ef the City Cornell. Septembcb 5, 1853. lloll called. Present, Martin, Mayor pro tern Councilmen Dowling, Gano, Brice, Ruff- ner, Selles, Westfall, Snider and Bacon. Proceedings read and approved. The Committee on Calaboose reported that they have examined various sites for the loca tion of the same, and reported proposals of Z, G. Draper and F. C. and II. Schnider. On motion, Mr. Draper a proposals were re turned back to the committee, and Mr. Schni der'a laid on the table. The Committee on Accounts reported the fol lowing accounts for allowance : Tlios. Brittinghnra, . J na. I lny, ' - J as. Eppersou, P. J. Wills, Thos . Ketchum, S. Rains, B. 15. Wentworth, F. Franklin, R. N. Anderson, T. S. Foster, H. A. Westfall, Smith & Dick, - M. P. Green, P. Hollzman, C. D. Bourne, Bill Costs C. C. P., A. W. Lamb, Geo. Cook, ft 2 00 1!) 76 6 00 24 00 3 44 18 00 5 75 5 00 4 00 8 00 85 36 1 00 25 00 24 00 20 65 38 25 108 50 2 00 On motion, the accounts were allowed, and made payable sixty days after date. Bid of Turner & Patridge for calaboose, was received, read, and laid on the table. B.'M. Hawkins, City collector, reported amount of money collected for the month of Au gust, as follows : Licenses, $71 50 Wharfage, 195 00 Taxes, 1404 87 Special tax, 584 99 Dog tax, 14 50 Hay Scales, ............ .12 00 $2282,86 uraerea wea. On motion, of Mr. Gano, Resolved; that the Mayor be, and is hereby anthorized to aell the East half of lot 5 in block 5 Centre street. Passed. Committee on Ordinances, reported an Orr a a ainance entitled "An ordinance in relation to Wharfage," which was read for information, and on motion, the rule was dispensed with, and the ordinance was read Second and Third time and passed, and ordered to the Mayor. On motion, the Council adjourned. New Cou a te a r 1 1 t, Counterfeit twenty dol lar uuia mi uio jriariiio dui oi liOlcago are afloat They are beautifully engraved, a large part of the bill being genuine work. It is thought that the counterfeitera by aoaae means must have got hold of genuine plates on some other bank. It is sufficient protection to tW who will remember it, to say that the bank Mat never xituea any twenty couar buii. Quincy For the Journal. To ih Editor of ih Hannibal Journal t Dxaa Sia I see in your paper my name published as one of the nominees to fill the munioipal offioes of this city, made at the meet ing of the Temperance Reform Association, whioh met on last Monday night and, lest i( msy be considered by my friends that I gave my sanotion to suoh a nomination, I beg leave through your paper, to stale that about a month or more ago I announoed myself to the people of this city as a candidate for the office of Re corder, at the approaching November election. I came out at the solicitation of many of my personal friends as an independent candidate. I have not sought a formal nomination from any set or association, and protest sgainst such, and place myself before the people of this city la the attitude which I at first assumed) and if they see proper to elect me to the office, the only pledge that I make is, that I will endeavor to discharge the duties sf the office under my oath to the best of my humble ability. 1 feel under many obligations to my friends for past favors, and hope they will not forget me the first of November. Sept. 10, 185'J. I. L. Holt. Aa Oatliae el Btaatw Atchison's Speech at Parisviils, Aug. 6th, 1833. (Continutd.) The western counties of this State are the wealthiest and most populoua in it, except St.. Louis. The people of the Platte country have achieved it fifteen years, what it has taken other parts of the State thirty years to de. Not that we have a muoh better soil; not that we have more enterprise and industry; not that we are nearer the Eustern, or Southern markets, not that we have any advantagea of navigation or manufactures; but from the frontier trade. It gives us the very best market at home for all our products. Whut is it that has built up our counties and towns, but the frontier trade; the towns of St. Joseph, Weston, and this flouisbing town of Parksville; situated here at the mouth of Platte river, in sight of Nebraska, ei the banks of this monarch of all rivers? . What is it that has built up the flourishing towns of Kansas, and Westport, and others? It is the frontier trade. 1 . Here, permit me to mention one fact This town of Parkville, although situated on the banks of tne MiWuri.and oomma ruling the coro--merce of a large and bMkojtiul country; cvulj . not have reached her present flourishing and 1 prosperous condition without the frontier trade. wnicu ane enjoyed. Parkville has almost as much population, aa much wealth, and more commerce, although, but five or aix veara olHi than Liberty, the Seat of Justice fur Cloy, a rich, and populous county, and thirty years old.. This trude, thia commerce will go west, with ike settlement of the country. It will accompany, our population to the frontier, wherever that. shall be. Was it strancre. that I should hesitate. that I should doubt, that I should be opposed to . id. :.t..j . . . 1 i'ii mo iiiuuuuiiuun oi mo Dill. But there wss another difficulty of a graver character. Col. Benton. Mr. Webster. Mr. Clay and others told us that the act of 1820,. commonly called the Missouri Comnroasiae. ex.. eluded alavery from thia Territory and that Con-- gresa iiau in power to pass such a law; that it waa Constitutional, &o. Benton, in one of his. speeches, declared there was no slave terrtiory belonging to the United States. That Mexican law exoluded slavery from the Territories ac quired by the treaty with that Republio at the close of the war; that the Missouri Compromise excluded slavery from all the Louisiana Terri tory north of 36 30, not included in the limits of the State of Missouri, (this very Territory ef Nebraska,) was it then strange that I should hes. itate about sustaining Mr. Hall's bill. Missou ri is,andalwayshaa beena slave State. A large portion of my constituents are slaveholders could it be expeoted that I would be very anx ious about organizing a Territory from which a large portion of my constituents would be ex cluded. The State or Missouri is now bounded on two sides by free States; organise thia Ter ritory, then we are bounded on three aides by free States or Territory. What would be the effect upon slave property in Missourijand in this neighborhood, it requlree no prophet to tell. It it a problem not difficult to solve; a pious and nhilanthropio class of metv who observe the "higher law,"and whose duty it is to attend to others' business, and think thai they are rendering God good aervioe in steal ing their neighbors' negroes. But, fellow citi zens', that I may be clearly understood in rola- mm ui 1 1 1 1 nranr I mmm i - J - . - .k Will not vol for a billta oraanii a (lmrmunt for ih Territory of Jfebratka, wdu that bill leave ih Territory open for tetOemeri to oil Me wepJe of we UnUed State, VjUKouI restriction or limitation! open to ih tlaothoUtr at ssetf m Me nonslaotholdtr. 'I will vote for no bill - (hat di rectly, or indirectly, makes a discrimination b tween the citizens of the different States ef thii -cv i. 1..