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THE DAILY J0UM1L.
O CLEMENS, KDITOIl AKD I'UBMMIER. MONDAY ' EVMilNG,6EPTKM BERVtmi. TrUKI 01 TIIK DAILY JOUKlfAL. InAdTtact, ..... $3 for iiz months. alT W are sathorlti to announce I). 8. BTMOXQ a MilidkU fat CiTT Marsiai m tba approaching Nattrobut To Advertisers. All Tlraiiaient advenlsenwits mint invariably be ( till In advance. Parsons will please ttinember ttii ltd and govtrn theaielva accordingly. " TEMPERANCE M E E T I N U.-The next regular meeting of the Hannib.il City Liquor Lew Reform .t-sociation will be liuld in the Christian Churcli next Tuesday Evening, 20th Inst. Hev. Mr. Phillips will address the meeting. The public generally are invited to attend. TEX HOHTH JLIBSOUBI RAUBOAD. Friday's S;. Louis Intelligencer Imi on article upon this subject, proving, as we think, that the road will come up through Monroe county. That paper coinpaies the Western and Northern routes; Kates that the latter is thirty miles the shorter, will hare lesscompetition from other roads, will accommodate a rich, well settled sec tion of country, end for which the Missouri river and Pacific Railroad are not outlets. The Roud may come through Paris or near Florida, or through llydesburg or Hannibal. It is not improbable that it will be brought through Hannibal, because Illi nois produce destined for St. Louis would be more likely to seek this route in pre ference to the Central railroad, on account of its greater directness, and because there would be fewer re-shipments. On this aide, the country bordering the river is more thickly settled than the interior, and more extensively cultivated, furnishing .mora business for a railroad. Another cause will tend to attract the road through Ulantubal exd that is the importance of di rect communication with Keokuk; for Ke 'okuk is -like the small end of a funnel, 'through which the larger portion of the pro duce of Iowa is poured. River competition 'would not any more interfere with the business of the road on this route than if u ran tanner in mo interior; lor, run where it will, it cannot be expected toj carry the heavy freight while the Misis-j sippi is navigable. For this reason, also,' while the North Missouri Road will, in any vent, be beneficial to us, the nearer the point of intersection with the Hannibal and Saint Joseph Railroad (if it should not pass through our city), the better it will be for Hannibal. Running parallel with the Mis. eissippi it could not compete with the latter in the carrying of heavy freight. All ex perience proves this fact. The charges on the Alton and Springfield Railroad, for only seventy-two miles, are much higher than fioin Hannibal to Saint Louis, though the latter is double the distance. On dry goods, where there is great value in small packa ges, men can afford to pay the difference, but net on heavy freight. Even now, when freight is brought from Pittsburgh to St. Louis for twenty cents a hundred, and active competition on rival routes east of the former point has reduced charges as low as they can be maintained, our mer chants who buy queensware or hardware in the Atlantic cities, find it cheaper to ship around by New Orleans, than to incur the extra expense by Railroad to Pitts burgh. Now most of the North Missouri trade will be in heavy freight, and this as far as practicable will seek the river. - The atraightest road that could be made from any point of intersection of the two roads to St. Louis, would be not far from the whole length of the Hannibal and St. Joseph road; It is not probable, therefore, that goods would be brought all the way from St. Joseph even to Macon county on one road, and then reshipped on another, when it would be a great deal cheaper to bring them to Hannibal, and ship them by the river; except in the winter time, and then we should like to use the North Mis souri road ourselves. If the rnad should pass up through Mon roe, Shelby, Knox and Scotland counties, it will induce their thick settlement, and thus build up a near market for Hannibal manufactures, accessible by railroads and plankroads, and when the market comes the manufactures will come (particularly as coal will be convenient), and these more than railroads build up a city. TEE FAIL TKA? The summer .holidays are over, with young and old. The young people and their teachers have finished their term of recreation, and are again entering the school-room, there to bend diligently over those tasks which are part of the important preparations lor lives of usefulness and honor. The business man is being relieved of his ennui and comparative idleness, as begins to revive again the active spirit of commerce, tiade and productive industry. The steamboat comes to our wharf laden to its utmost capacity with goods to re plenish our merchants' stocks, and for the interior trade, while the crowds of wagons in our streets, mark the re-awakening of our country trade. In a few days we shall have bustle enough in our city. Yet the summer heats are not gone, and Nature still wears her rich and beautiful summer opparel. DO" The wonder of crossing the Atlan tic in fifteen days was reduced to twelve and then to nine days. A steamer is to be launched at New York in December, which it is confidently predicted will make the passage in six days. She is so constructed as to be able to carry power enough to tear an ordinarily constructed boat of her size to atoms, and she will be enabled to use more power in a storm, instead of slacking steam, as is the case with common vessels. Her model is of peculiar construc tion, calculated for great speed. She will cany no freight and is expected to average twenty miles an hour, through calm and storm. m'l.il t.UL JSLJMJI From th New Yorx Ti ibune. THE CARSON LEAGUE. To tht Whola World's Tempnranca Conventon. You have invited me to give an expose of my plan for the Abolition of the Hum Truffic. The annexed brief expose thereof is respectfully submitted lor mo consideration or uie lemper ance World. THOMAS L. CARSON. City of JVeto York, Sept. 3. The obiect of Tlitt Carson Lin sue is the alio- lilion of Dram shopi and utter extermination of the Hum trade, it proposes to do this by com biniug the Moneyed power, the Political power, and the Legal power of the State. The day of speech-making is past. All the good ilicy can do is already done. It is time to act, to nut our principle and sympathies to the test. We have spent money enough in puyraents to lectures and passing resolutions to have abolished alcohol from the Mate long ago. Uur orators have con quereu me enemy over ami over again, j. lie publio mind has been long since convinced, o its utmost capacity, in this matter. Still the evil continues, and even increases its power and virulence. Like proud steamers on the ocean, our orators pass through the land, and their track is instantly oovered by the returning waves. Father Matthew has left no mark on the sur face of our population. These impressions for good are effaced and powerlesa. The failure of the friends of this oause results from the fact, mm iney nave lett no power to hold the territo ry they have conquered. The League locates such a power in every Town and County of the State. The following is its plan: 1. Each member of the League gives the amount of his property on the asaestment roll, or as muoh as he will, to be assessed pro raid for the prr toution of all violations of Exoise Laws, axed for Hum s doings they must be, Let them be taxed to fine and imprison the mur derers of their families, rather than to counte nance and support those murderers, and fa de. fray theexpense of the imprisonment mid ruin of their own children. 2. Through the ballot-box the League i pledged to get ptesion of all the office in the Towns, Counties and Stale, that by them the pro hibition of the tr..fliu my be accomplished, and thot they be not embarrassed in their efforts. Without the Legislature, we cannot have the Maine Law. Without Judges and J urora, Sher iff, and Constables, District Attorneys n I Poor Musters, nothing can be done to execute suc h luw, or any other for the prohibition of thn trade, Any man who has not this end at heart is not lit to hold office. 3. The Legal Power. This is virtually in cluded in tho ubove. Without the Judiciary ull Temperance laws are unavailing. It is to be had through the ballot-box, and to ba set in mo tion by the means of the monied power of the Counties and State. The following is the draft of a Constitution for the League, which tnny be varied to suit the judgment of the friends in each locality: CONSTITUTION OF A COUNTY LEAGUE. Article 1. This Association shall be enti tled the Carson League ef the County of , and any person may become a member of the same, by taking one or more shares of the capi tul stock. Art. II. The business of the association shall be conducted by a Board of Directors, composed or one member from each town in the county. The Directors shall he annunlly elected, and hold their offices until superceded by a new appoint ment, i nrce members snail constitute a quo rum for the transaction of business. AnT. III. The Board shall appoint a President, Vice-President, and an Executive Committee sonsisting of three members from their own number, a Treasurer and Secretary, and also a General Agent, whose duty it shall be to attend to thu prosecut ions under the direction of the Ex- ecutive Committee, and also perform nnv other duties they may assign to him to accomplish the objects ot the Association. I hey shall deter mine from time to time the necessary assess ments on the stock notes to defray the expenses of the League, and have power to make I heir own by-laws, till vacancies in the Board, make ar rangements for the annuul meeting of the League and tuke such measures as they may deem ex- pC'Jient to pninoe the interests and accomplish uie olijecl ot the Association. Aat. IV. Upon the decease or removal from the county of any stockholder of this Associa tion, his or her stock note held by the League shall be annulled, and any member may have tneir notes returned or canceled by paying their dues. Art. V. This Constitution may be uttered or amended at any Hireling of the League, previous notice of the same having benn given, or having been recoinmcnih'il by the Board of Directors the lorm oi the ISu'e or the League also be ing adopted, as follows: For Value RccriM'il I promise to pny to the Treasurer of t!u' (Jar-in League of 'he county uf lor the NiiiiiresMon of Ituiii.-tlliiKr Dollar, p; ybb' in o rata isspssmenis on the whole stuck of s.ud Company, not to tx-ei-ed, in any one year, fifty cents on a ll'oisainl dollars, according to the provisions oi' their Constitution. stone, that will average at least two feet; this ives it present neigm one nunarea ana lour et.so that before the top was displaced, it must have been, judging from angle of Us sides, at least twenty feet higher than at present.-. How far it extend beneain tne surract of the sands, it is impossible to determine without great liibor. - , , il l. : . Such i tne age oi inn immense structure, that the pcrpendioular joints between this blocks are wortiawny to the width of from five to ten inches at the bottom of each joint, snd the entire surface of the pyramid so much worn by the storms, the vicissitudes and the corroding ot centuries, as to make it easy f -ascent, partiou. larly upon one of ils side. We say one of its sides, because a singular fact connected with this nmarkable structure is, that it incline nearly 'en degrees to one side of the vertical or perpendie liar. I extract the following particulars concern ing Japan, from a communication to one of our paper: In the Island Ha-jay-jo-she-ma, all the Em. peror' clothing i made. He tend vessel there five times a year, to bring his rich cargo to Jeddo. Some of hi junk are ornamented with gold plate on the aide, and all round tha bulwark. The most remarkable mountain i Feo-g-san, in the province Soe-roong-au; it i ten miles high, und the top is capped with anew nine or ten months of the year. In June and July it is visited by great numbers of people from Jeddo, and different parts of the country; the petplo have a great many tongs in praise of it and its traditions. It it regarded sacred, and ne females are allowed to ascend it. The Emperor or Japan. The present Era peror is about twenty-one years of age; hit title it Thin-Kaw, which means Heaven beneath. Hit palace is in the city of Jeddo; it it surround ed by a strong wall, and outside the wall it a deep canal, full of water; his arsenal it close to his palace, built on a mound, where he retreats in case of wc, which he is always afraid of.... He keeps a strong life guard around him, and when he rides out, which it very seldom, hi hat ten or twelve of hi ministers dressed in the same uniform with himself, to no pertwn may know him, he it to much ufraid of hit own tub jecls. , , .; When he pastes through the city the people must kneel down and keep their faces' to the ground until he it out of sight; they cannot even turn their heads to look at him. They have t do the same with all hi ministers of Slate snd public iiffairs. The principal weapon of war in Japan is the sword, which it large and very sharp. A good swordsman it supposed to be able lo fend oil ten arrows, shot bI llie.same time and he u thought to be able to cut 8 musket ball in two if he Nees the man who is firitig at him. Their u-e of the musket is as follow s-it hut no flint, but goes with a match which is attached td the .stork; they hold the musket up lo the left shoulder anil support it with the left hand, while they touch it ill' with the right. .The people are not allowed to keep lire-arms in their houses. 1 From the St. Louis lnie'l iptir-e . J Extract from Mr. Crockett's Letters. NO. Lit. Sak Francisco, Aug. 16, 1853. One of the most interesting events which hat recently transpired in California, it the discov ery in the southern part of the Stute, (in the neighborhood of the Colorado, of an immense pyramid of hewn stone, rivaling in magnitude the celebrated pyramids of Egypt. The follow ing account of it is extracted from a publication in the Heruld, of this city : An object appeared upon the plain to the West, having to much the appearance of a work of art, from the regularity of its outline and itt isolated position, that the party determined upon visit, ing it. Passing over an olmost barren sand plain, a distance of nearly five miles, they reached the base of one of the most wonderful objects, con sidering itt location, (it being the very home of desolation,) that the mind can possibly conceive of: nothing lest than an immense stone pyra mid, composed of layers or courses of from eigh teen inches to nearly three feet in thickness, and from five to eight feet in length. It has a level top of more than fifty feet square, though it is evident that it was onoe completed, but that tome great convulsion of nature hat displaced itt entire top, as it evidently now liet a huge and broken matt upon one of its tides, though near ly covered by the sands. t This pyramid differs, in tome respects, from the Egy ptuin pyramid; it is, or wat, more tlender or pointed, and while those of Egypt are com posed ef steps or layert, receding at they rite, the American pyramid was, undoubtedly, a more finished ttructure; the outer turfaceof the blocks were evidently cut to an angle that gave the ttructure, when new and complete, a tmooth or regular turface from top to bottom. From the present level ef the tandt that sur round it, there are fifty -two distinct layers of JJ Major Ballard, who died, in Shelby County, Ky., on the 5th inst., aged 3, passed through some bloody scenes in the early settling of that State. The following is told of him when quite a young man : In 1788, the Indians attacked little Fort on' Ties creek (a Tew miles east of Shelbyville,) where his father resided. It Imppened that his lather had removed a short distance out of the fort for the purpsse of being convenient to the sugar camp. The first intimation they had ef the Indians, wat earlv in the mornino-. when hit brother Benjamin went out to get wood to make I l nt " a. i . .V ... . J in ure. i ney snoi mm anu then assailed tho nouse. ine inmates barred the door, and pre pared for defence. His father was the only man in the house, and no man in the fort, except the I subject of this sketch and one old nun. As soon as he heard the gum he repaired to within shoot ing distance of hit father't house, but dared not venture nearer. Here he commenced using hit r fie with good effect. In the mean time the In , diant broke open the house, and killed hit fath I er, not before, however, he had killed one or two of their number. The Indians, also, killed one full sister, one half sitter, his step-mother, and tomahawked the youngest sister, a child, who recovereu. nnentne Indians broke into tne t I i. : . .i , . iv . V escape by the back door, but an Indian pursued ' her, and at he raited his tomahawk to strike her the subject of tbit sketch fired at the Indite, not, however, in time to prevent the fatal blow, and they both fell and expired together- Tho ! Indians were supposed to number about &fteen and before they completed their work of .death,. they lustamed a lott or six or seven." - Boston; Sept. 1 4. The Temperance Gonven tion decidea to convey the Maine Liquor Law agitation into their primary political meetings, also to raise a million of dollars for the proteou tion of rum sellers; the' tpeaktrt on Tuesday evening were Dr. Lees of. England , the-onorm ble Dr. Storer of .Cincinnati, and other' Tb Y convention adjourned $fajUt'i- 4