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VOLUME I. PALATKA, FLORIDA, TUESDAY, MARCH 25, 1884. NUMBER 23. TELEGRAPHIC SPARKLES. THE LATEST NEWS FJIOM AL.li PARTS BY AVI IS E AXI CABLE. Big Fire at Jacksonville. Special to the Daily News. Jacksonville, March 24, 1884. A dis astrous fire broke out at 3 o'clock in Hol mes' block on west Bay street, and des troyed several stores and a cigar factory. The Messrs. Ashmead lose their book bindery and John Dzialynski hi.s cigar factory, E. Hopkins & Co., grocery; Jul ius Slagar, auction house, arid V. Botts, liquor dealer had their places gut ted. The loss has not been estimated yet. Stocks in burnt district are total losses. Not a dollar saved. In the house the bonded whisky bill is still under discussion. The probabilities point to its defeat. The house committee on accounts have reported that the resignation of C. V. Tyson was tendered liecause demanded by Speaker Keifer, and was, in fact, a resignation under protest. A call has lieen made in Chicago for the formation of an indei indent republi can association. It is endorsed by five hundred leading citizens, comprising the most prominent business and professional men of the city. The. Mississippi river is now three in ches above the Hood mark of 1882. A number of steamers are engaged in res cuing people and saving the stock in the overflowed sections. Tin; state national band of Boulder, Colorado, has susended after a short run: The failure which has been long anticipated was caused by advancing too largely upon real estate. The American Ship Building Company, located at Port Richmond, has lieen put into the hands of a receiver. Forty masked men took Samuel Flay er, the murderer of John Pennington and his wife, from the jail at Marysville, Kansas, Friday night and lynched him. lie confessed the crime. The French Canadian nailers, employed by the AVarehani, Mass., nail company, to take the place of strikers, have been induced to return to Canada. The fac tory has been shut down. Investigation into the murder of the negro children at McBean, Ga., fastens suspicion on the father, as having done it to get rid of suporting them, lie has been placed in jail at Waynesboro. Gen. Gordon continues to hold Khar toum in the face of a liesieging force of over 6,000 relnds. He armed many of the inhabitants but they can do but little against the mass of rebels opposing them. Gordon will attack the Arabs opposite the town on the 26th inst. The 87th anniversary of Emperor Wil liam's birthday was observed as a com plete holiday in Berlin. Tne buildings were decked with Hags and thousands of people thronged alxnit the palace. A petition has leen received by the French government from Frenchmen of Reunion and Maurtius urging that the present situation of affairs in Madagascar le terminated, as it is disastrous to French commerce. The petition advoca tes a French protectorate over the island. Sir Stafford Northcote has lost his voice from the effects of a severe cold. The Swiss federal council has decided to expel four German anarchists from the country. One hundred and twenty-five untried prisoners in the jails at Assiout and Es net have leen ordered released by Clif ford Lloyd, under secretary of the inte rior. The Vienna police have evidence that some of the money stolen formllerr Eis nert, who was murdered several weeks ago, was sent by the anarchists to Heir Most, who is in America. STATE NEWS. The Republican convention will be held at Jacksonville this week. Three hundred and fifteen dollars have l)een subscribed towards building a Bap tist church at lake Lindsay. In the recent municipal election at Ce dar Key there were only 175 votes cast out of a registered list of 700. An eagle which was killed up the river from Bay Port several days ago, measur- i ed 5 feet 11 inches from tip to tip. The annual meeting of the grand lodge I -f Florida of the I. O. O. F. will bo held at Key West, commencing on the 9th of April. Tuesday night a large sailboat was sto len from Stowe's fertilizer works, near the Jacksonville bar. Henry Lewis, the culprit, has lieen arrested. Mary L. Shackelford, of Key West, nine years old, has received a handsomo pair of small gold ear-rings and a dainty finger ring, as her premium awarded for a child's tidy sent to the fair. George AV. Turner, of Monticello, has a leather pocket-book that has lieen in constant use since the year 1821, also the leather string that ties it, and it is as good to-day as when first purchased. E V arts. Prescott Evarts, one of Se ctary Evarts twin sons, is studying for t he Episcopal ministry. His twin broth e r, Sherman, is studying law. Some Insects in Florida and Their Strange Habits, Editors Daily News: To those who have read the works of Sir John Lubbock on Wasps and Ants, these statements will be interesting only because they confirm the strangest re sults of his observations. Scientists everywhere now accord to our brothers lowest in the scale varying degrees of intelligence, but deny that they are directed by thought different in kind from ours. If we call this instinct instead of reason, the difference is one of degree only. While in the southern por tion of this state for two years, the writer had amply opportunity for the study of some peculiar phases of insect life. Goldsmith thought the ant-lion, which digs a trap for his prey, throws a valley of sand to hinder the retreat of his prisoner, and secretes the remains of his feast that no warning to future victims may Ix- in sight, a subject for interest and wonder. How he would have exulted over the ac quaintance of a smaller creature which owns slaves, of an insect which drives herds to pasture and milks them regularlj', or of an ant which carries on agricultural operations, together with mining and irrigation on a grand scale? Yet these have been fully proved to the scientific world, and in Florida ocular de monstration may be easily given. The pits of the ant-lion may be seen around us at any time wherever the sand is light and dry; any one who takes the trouble to drop in an ant may see the creature at its dinner, and then watch the disposal of the relics; while the chrysalis may be seen in all the stages of development by placing the full grown insect under a glass for a few days till the fly is devel oped. The ant which owns slaves may also be soen in this immediate section, and the masters may be watched stand ing about while the smaller race works, and at intervals are marched back and forth in gangs. These are not, as with bees, two forms of the same race, but they ditfer in kind as well an in degree, and we have watched battles of several 1 lours duration, while the slave-hunters seemed to us to lie catching fresh gangs of victims. At any rate, from a battle field strewed with dead bodies and dis memlered limbs, dejected captives were driven a long distance by the conquerors and taken to the abodes of the fiercer and stronger race. But enough of this, or we shall have an English or Federal arm upon us. In Brevard county, on particular shrubs may be seen large numbers of an insect, which punctures the leaves, ex tracts a sweetish sap and drinks so much that they swell up and are almost trans-! parent. As the sun gets warm, they crawl under the leaf and lie in satisfied quiet. But an active little ant appears, races around as if counting the herd and runs off. Presently a crowd of others like him appear, the poor little things are carefully tapped and the sweet juice ab stracted. These ants watched their prey and when the particular leaf on which these creatures were hatched becomes dry, their herdsmen assist them to quar ters on a fresh pasture. So far as my ob servations go, these ants depend on the sap thus obtained for their food, and the other insects suffers no more harm than our cows. But the farmer ant was most Interesting to me. They dig a hole in the ground large enough for convenient ingress and egress, and just where mois ture is reached they form a large vaulted chamlier. Their store-houses is dee) or not, according to the season or locality, but moisture is always reached. The whole colony then goes to work and clips small circular bits from the fallen leaves; these are stored nicely and compactly in the chamlier and suffered to lie until a fine fungus is formed between the layers of leaves. On this the ants feed. As soon as the crop is ready they turn over the leaves and eat till the harvest is ex hausted or the leaves are too rotten to produce it. During the wet months they live aliove ground and feed on the same fungus formed in every heap of dry leaves, but for eight months they are compelled to raise a crop in the manner deserilied. Do not such facts strengthen the idea and hope that an unbroken chain of brotherhood links together all creation? , t t Palatka. Fi.a., March 2;'th. 1884. Editors Daily News: Two letters from Henrv R. Lvle and I fi-An TL TT .1 1 11.. - 1 T Y w,,i" 1-uuusneu ,n n.h u,ws eauseit me to look at the records and get the truth of the matter. I can not find, after faithful search of the tax I look, on tile at the clerks office in this county, that Henry R. Lyle even pays a poll tax, and I do not see how he can have cause for complaint. As far as Thomas Hind is concerned, lie (Hind) spoke to me some time ago about the over-valuation on his property, or part of it, and his name was placed among the names of these complaining of over-valuation, and his case will be acted upon when the time comes. There is I think an over-value placed upon that sjieeial lot and also an errone ous description to all of it. The Racino property was deeded from Thomas Hind to , dated May 3rd. 1883, see book of conveyances S. , page 48, and under Florida laws should lie taxed for the year 1883 m the name of Thomas Hind. Fur- J ther, the valuation fixed by the assessor was not altered by the county commis sioners, as he can see by looking at the records of the commissioner's court. That the manner of assessing property in this state can be improved no one doubts, and that there are many mistakes in last year's .assessments I am fully aware, but I shall wait before making any explana tion or answering the charges made in the letters until the "big gun'' speaks and then I shall answer. J. E. Marshall. CUKKEXT COMMENT. The Poor Old Lady in a Bad AVay. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Democracy is suffering just now from a rush of Bill Morrison to the head. Limping on Crutches to Chicago. Ci n ei n n a t i En q u i r c r. There are several presidential liooms that ought to lie copyrighted without de lay. And, perhaps, a little salt would not be amiss. The Glorious Uncertainty. Burlington llnvrkeye. It's a wise politician just now that knows his own candidate for president. And it is a much Aviser candidate who knows his own politicians. A Target for Mud. Detroit Times (Ind.) The nomination of Blaine would be the signal for a mud campaign, such as the country has never liefore experienced. The mud would not only be thrown, but a great deal would stick. Business men generally distrust Mr. Blaine. 3Iorrison Grows Smaller and Beauti fully Less. Chicago Inter-Ocean. There never was a congressman who felt larger when he crawled into the big end of the free trade horn than Morrison. AVhen he crawls out at the little end you can push him through a gimlet hole and have room to spare. The People Content. Washington Star. AVhile Mr. Randall is away, the repub licans can have a good time playing with the corporation bills. The country, how ever, will not censure the 'extravagance'' which votes postmasters and letter-carriers suitable compensation, and ensures the prompt and careful delivery of the mails. Nothing Mean About It. Cincinnati Enquirer. The American congress endorsed Dr. Lasker's political and social ideas, but Bismarck did not. Let Bismarck die and our congress will also endorse everything he has done. AVe do not discriminate in this business. All we ask is to pass reso lutions on somelxxly. More Light Needed. lh-oi'l;; vn Eagle (iicm.i The Democratic canvass will be in dan ger of beeoming ridiculous unless this Tilden mystery is speedily cleared up; unless it is definitely settled whethef Mr. Tilden is or is, not to be a candidate for nomination; whether he -is really suffer ing frem bodily incapacity or is able not to "feed himsetf," but also to nourish the Democratic party for the hard battle about to be fought. Faith and Backbone. Mt. Vernon (O.) Banner. The Democrats can elect the next pres ident with the vote of Ohio; but they mean to carry Ohio this year by a larger majority, if possible, than they did last year. All they want is a candidate who has always been true to the Democratic faith and possesses an unflinching back bone. 31 ore Secretaries. Savannah News. The United States senate having start ed the private secretary craze there is no telling where it will end. Senator Hoar now proposes that each member of the supreme court shall have a $2,000 private secretary. If colored messengers at the white house are sent to and from their homes in government carriages, why shouldn't the supreme court justices en joy the luxury of private secretaries ? This is the question that Mr. Hoar would like to have settled at once. He pauses for an answer. Posterity of Great Men. Says George Alfred Townsend: -'The posterity of Presidents, statesmen, and rich men has been uncertain: AVashing ton childless; Disraeli and Palmerston sonless; Napoleon's sole boy killed on a negro spear; Jefferson with no son: the favorite Adams boy dying by suicide; Madison childless; Monroe no son: Jack son no child: VanBuren's liest son sent to an asylum; Poik childless, and Pierce's! lioy killed in the moment of glory; Bu chanan with no wife; Johnson's boy self destroyed. In the quest of other things we lose our name among the living." Eart hquake Observatories. An earthquake observatory is being started in Japan by Prof. Milne, of the Imperial Engineering College, in Tokio. This novel observatory is fitted up deep down in the coal mines of the island of Takashima, not far from Nagasaki. In struments are placed at different levels in the mines, which will afford measures of the relations of time, intensity, etc., between earth tremors below ground and those observed at the surface. These minute and almost imperceptible, move ments of the earth's crust have already been the subject of experiments, in the researches into the lunar disturbance of ! gravity by the brothers Darwin, who I suggested two or three years ago the ne-! cessity of underground of nerval ions in order to get rid of the accidental disturb- j ances which seem to be fatal to success-! ful experiments at the surface. ! Bogan Cash's Hiding Place. Began Cash, the outlaw, is still in the Pedee swamp, but has removed his lair to t more inaccessible point than that which he recently frequented. He is abmt fifteen miles from Cheraw, in a re gioi where the ignorant adherents of his fanily abound. He is, therefore, reason alV secure from apprehension by an arued party, as his spies would speedily giv him due warning to escape. To cap tun him by force would require a party larje enough to scour the many miles of swanp with which he is familiar. The coningent fund of the governor is not larje enough to send out and support suci an cxjiedition, and no private party canbe found in the state willing to un dertake his capture. Tvo New York detectives, said to be long to Pinkerton'n force, have lieen in Che-aw for the past week, but have not as y?t made any headway toward cap turhg the murderer. All that there seens left for the state authorities to do is tcwait until Cash sees fit to come out of tie swamp and surrender. Since Col. E. I. C. Cash was released on bail the newspapers of the state, which had been violtnt in their denunciations of the old mar, have dropped the discussion of the a Afar as suddenly as if they hud been strvuk by lightning. PiRNElx. Mr. Parnell, the leader of the Irish party in Parliament, has bought of life mother the property known as 'Old Ironsides" on the bluff between Bor dentown and White Hill. The tract in cludes 22-"i acres, for which the sum of 20,0!0 was .aid. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. liKNJ. PL'T.NAM CALHOUN. 1I!V!N; (JILLIS. V)1. I.OWNDF.S CAF.HOl'N. On 111 on ii, (i II lis; cV; Cn 1 lion n, attoi J rs i r -;-.vrr-jv w PALATKA, FLORIDA. Special atteniion paid to Insurance, Heal Es tateaikl Collection of Claims. Will pract ice in State ami Federal courts. A. AV. 1SOYSDOX. att o i ? iv 1 : v-at-law Oflico opposite St. John's H&u-i, Lemon Stiiket, Palatka, Fla. Arr rr o i s iv iov-at-la w Agent for Sale and Purchase oi JP LOlfl 1 A 1L, A TV 1 Palatka, Flouioa. Notary Public State of Florida. AV. II. avio;, AT r 0 1? TV .13 Y-AT-LAW Office Lemon st.. Mann's Building', Upstairs. Palatka, Flo hi da. PALATKA HOTELS. QKAHAM'W 1IOTI1L S. GKA1IAM. Proprietor. Corner Lemon anil Waf er streets, PALATKA, FLORIDA. J ()TEL I'AIjATK A. COU. LLMON AMI WATER STS.. Overlooking St. John's River. $2.50 per day. PALATKA, FLORIDA. MIDDLEKAUFF BONN, of Halt iim.iv. Hp 1 1 jz wi :sT3i o in :lax i. PALATKA, FLORIDA. White Sri. rum Watkh, Hot and Cor.n Sn-muit Paths. Bus meets all trains and steamers. s t. jonys iio ri:L. (Establish i:n l'i.) Y.& II. PETER-MANX, Proprietors. PALAT K A . FL R I DA . Orders for rooms ly telegraph and mail promptly attended to. Accommodations tirsf class. Terms moderate. j Aitivi' iiousi:, PALATKA, FLORIDA. Addition built lastsummer of forty-five room Accommodations for ,X) quests. Open December 15. vCi. LARK IN & ALLEN, Proprietor. T)XJT'.V3E II017J-JT3. 1 December to May. PALATKA, FLA. TTi:Vl-i01t HOTEL, Dee. to May. JACKSON V I LLE, FLA. T70TTITVO.V IIOUSK, JJJ June to Oct., MANCHESTER, VT. No Dogs Taken. F. IL ORVTS. SAVE FROM 25 CV HAVING YOUR Prescriptions WITH ABSOLUTE ACCURACY FROM THE CLO ( EST Imported and Domestic Pharmaceutical Preparatic AT TKAM PHARMACY. -A.T J" ACOBSOIxr'S ONE PRICE STORE o DRESS GOODS OF All DESCRIPTION? NEW LINEN LAWNS, PIQUES, SATEENS AND SUMMER SILKS. LADIES HATS AND TRIMMINGS IK GREAT VARIETY. A FULL LINE OF HOSIERY, GLOVES AND EORSETf Gent's Furnishing Goods, Clothing and Hats. FINE PHILADELPHIA MADE EVERY PAIR ONLY. FIRST-CLASS GOODS and A. H if. t. u,, S. . . I'm W. ii. '.VbPiHT. iv REAMER, Eiijrineer. LANDS FOR SAL!-: I LOTS : Tin; n - ties of breyard, PRICES: For a vera i'' i'lne Lands For average Prairie and Pas-inre Land-; For Lake and River Fronts For Sujrar Lands m'i i i .'.;; ; KUKtperae.e I lie Lands ot tins ( oitipany are specially adapted to the Culture of Tropical Fruits, Rke Mjjrar Cane, etc., and are jionerally accessible by steam navigation. V. 1 . 1 It 15 KISSIMMEE T. II. ASP.URV, Paesident. HAMILTON DISSTON, Vice-President. )niHlull ACUES choicest; locations for residence and cultivation of 4,WWWWW iraiiRes, Lemons, Pineapples, Hanannas, Cocoanuts, etc., in the counties of Orange, Brevard, Sumter, Polk, Hillsborough, Manatee and Monroe. Soll in tii:iu it i; to J-nii 1 5u vi.-;. Prices to $10.00 per acre, according to KISSIMMEE CITY i Business Lots Five-Acre Lots. AV. T. B. F. McGRAW & SON, Buffalo Bluff Nurs'y ALL ORANGE STOCK From Sour to the Best Varieties ONE VARIETY OF STH jYAV IS 121 i 1 I !:, VI 2 : FEDERAL POINT, OR FLORIDA FOUNDLING NOW FOR SALE: CabbagG Plants of the Best Selections of J. H. Gregory, of Marble head, Massachusetts. JL I Vl VVV111U11 J! ) WliriLES.VLK AND HETAJL AM) DKALKK IN FISHING TACKLE, FINE CIGARS X' loi'i'i;. w '.;: it i -., Florida Maps, Books, Canes, &c Posr- :!.. ( R.iil Untr. 1 Street and next (Nir r-i'iirh, PALATKA, - - - FLORIDA. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE. HAVING BEEN DULY QUALIFIED AS Administrator of the estate of Joseph H. Mann, I he-cby require all claims and demands against, said estate, to be presented as pre scribed by law, or this notice will he pleaded in ban and all debtors are warned to make immediate settlement to the undersigned. A. W. MANN, Administrator. TO 50 PER CENT OonipoiiiMM THE -o- SHOES FOR GENTS AND LAD GUARANTEED. KEPT AT THIS STORi Okeechobee Land Cc HAMILTON D1SSTON, Tiea?, 1. rA LI NO r.R, Secretary. OF FROM 10 TO 10,000 AVWYJ polk, manatle and monrok. S per wrs l.L'5 per aci e $r.(J0 to 1IUK) per aci 'i . ... KMX! per ae.e Land Commissioner, Jacksonville, Flu. LAND COMPANY. L. W. K LA Hit. Treasurer. T. V. PALMER, Secretary. location and quality. -00 to ."00 SlftK) to S500 J" ) 1 1 1 e UK, Manager, Jacksonville, Flu. HENRY A. MEYER, PALACK Ice Cream Saloni ;d- Choice French and American - Confectioner PALATKA, FLORIDA. MRS, C. M. SMITH, CITY UjN 13 III fclVItKl Embaling Caskets, Metalic and Burial Caskets, Wooden Coffin rrELEORAPHIC ORDERS PROMITLY J. L teinlel to. Prices low and satit-t'aet i jrnaiantoed. At the old rtuihl, Laurel stir opposite Pros!) teriun parsonage. V. .1. REACH Sfc WO.V, NURSERYMEIS PALATKA, FLORIDA. LL FRUITS GROWN SPITED TO TIE il climate. Catalogue tree. W. C01NTJA13, FLORIST & LANDSCAPE GARDEN. LARGE VARIETY OF PALMS. RA Ix Roses anl Seini-TropiVal Plants in jrein constantly on hand. irresjonderK-C' polici Front fctroct, next to Rank, Palatka, Fla WjOTFmHEMUST CARPENTER & FJUILDE: i P. O. Rox Zi;. IP O 1J PA LATKA, I LA . it e is- rr. A LARGE STORE ROOM OX LEM. N street, suitable for first-cki in "eery store or similar business. Fitted up in pood style. Also i .smaller store and adjoining rooms. Apply to IL V. KLICKER. Statement of an Eye Witness! VUlp PARTICUIRS IN NEXT ISSUE )V BUSHELS OF GRAIN. ALSO A FINE lot of Hay, Bran and Ground Feed being received this week, fresh and in projd order, to be sold at prices as low as such g-oods can be bouirht auywhere.