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P AILATKA DAILY NEW
nro VOLUME IV. yTI DIRECTORY. APOTHECARIES. KENorthi;torTir Lemon and Front. Fn"t rtfourdoor. north of postoffice. PRFK P S? Lmon street, Baum block. Central pru Store, Lemon street. ATTORNEYS Port office Building, Palatka, Fla. CAV"mt rtrteJUXr Held, office upst.r. CHPSaSNaSon Bank Buiidln BF'kTblockf Lemon atreet; office upstairs. BANGOR ORANGE BOXES. "TSot of Laurel near J T K W depot. BANKS. PIRPT NATIONAL BANK. W J Winegar, President, Front atreet BARBERS. "mo'AS-et. opposite Putnam House. If OH K, FHANK Faik block. Lemon atreet. BOARD OF TRADE. OFFICE, NO, 28 FRONT STRKET. x.-;.,.,. r. t.hA eltv wishing Information will be cheerfully supplied. ' BOARDINO HOUSES. R8 T (i HUTCHINSON. ' Boarding and Dining Koom.Waterand Main BOOKS AND STATIONERY. - COCHRANE, F C Front atreet, next door to post office. BOOTS AND SHOES. ' VATTERLTN. HT ' ' Moragne block. Lemon street. BOOK BINOERS. PALATKA NEWS PUBLISHING COMPANY. Woid street. . BOOT AND SHOE MAKING AND REPAIRING. LA KS.tTt,"dBdoor south of First Nat Bank KOODA. BENJ., Aobnt, Lemon street, opposite Putnam House. CANDY MANUFACTURERS. BMITH, RftEJ ,. No 8 Lemon street, GiUis block. CIGARS AND TOBACCOS. KUFPERBUSCH, CHA8 ' Ji. j. Putnam Gallery, Lemon atreet, op Putnam SMITH.KAEJ No 8 Lemon street. Gillia block. CISTERNS AND TANKS. TANK FACTORY", A L Jones, proprietor. Water street, near J T K W depot. CIVIL ENGINEERING. JOBEFfT C 3 City (urveror. Nos. 8 and 4 Moragne block, over Korstlng's. CLOTHING AND GENTS" FURNISHINGS. LOEB. MARCUS . Oillis block. Lemon street. 7.ACHAK1AS. A NoHWiutmnrecu CONFECTIONERY. HECKS, J F . Lemon street, corner of Second vnuiatni. liickuian-Kennerly block, Lemon street. DENTAL ROOMS. ESTGS, W W Moi-none block. Lemon street, upstairs. KOSENUEKO, DK W II Hickman block Lemon street, upstairs. DRY GOODS. DEVEREUX.CTT Ijenion street JACOBSON. I . Phoenix block Lemon street 6RAIN. HAY. ETC. VERTREnS 4 CO., . Foot of Laurel street, near JTikW RY GROCERS. prVN.JOHNT . Next to i08t office. Front street II AG AN. J W Lemon street, corner of Jones HAC'IHTON & BKWh A M l'h.piilx block. Lemon street "H NT. A V I.ir block, foot of Lemon street PETKRMANN, HF.N1S ' . TO .onion street, southeast corner of First tOOKKO MITNDKB llickman-Kounerly block. Lemon street SHELLEY. J II Opposite Southern Express Company GUN LOCKSMITHS. HENDKICKSON. L Lemon street, opposite Putnam House HARDWARE. GRIFFIN PARKER ' Florida Southern building, W ater street LANE, R T . HarCs block. Water street HARNESS AND SADDLES. BANHERPON.RC : A Opposite Putnam House, Lemon street HOTELS. CANOVA HOUSE . , A P Cnnova, prop, cor Reid and Second sta CAKLETOX HOUSE, Andrew Shelley, prop, Court House block. Orange atreet -HOTEL PHtEMX . . John liixler. prop, cor Lemon and Water SARATOGA HOTEL. MaJ. A 8 Washburn. proprietor. Front street corner of William T" 1 1 ft .triiturn T, IVn. ..!. lt.Mav.11ni. fur families, cor of Dodge and Enimett streets ICE. PAf.ATITA TCE EACTORY. L C Canova, maniiger, Laurel st, t et River and Enimett INSURANCE. rlil.F.TflSt KENNERLY Room 2, Kennerly-llickman blk. Lemon at HTM. I A HI) CO.. CH AS M PMlntka National Bank building. Front it WF.HH, W J Post office building JEWELRY. HEATH, O E I mion street, opposite Putnam House SPECK, JOHN F Front street, four doors south of Lemon JOB PRINTING. PALATKA NEWS PUBLISHING COMPANY Keid street LIVERY STABLES. GEM CITY LIVERY AND SALE STABLE Near JTt KW depot. First street MEHWIN ft SON , U-mon Htreet, between Third and Fourth RAM SAC Kit,. I M Comer of Reid and Secon street LIME. EATON, CH AS F, Aoent Foot ot Laurel street LUMBER. IIOYll. I) A River atreet, next to Gas Works MEAT MARKETS. CROSS, W B Maiimrer Gem City market. Water stieet CCIMINGSACO . . ijemon street, two doors west of Jones GOOOSON ft CO., M C No SO Front street MURRAY, THOMAS - lmun street. betweenThird and Fourth MILLINERY AND FANCY GOODS. HOI.RROOK. MRS THOS Front street, opposite Putnam House PAINTS, OILS AND ARTISTS' MATERIALS BARNES, It , ' ' . , Valutka National Bank building Front st PHOTOGRAPHERS MANGOLD. JO . Kennerlr-Hickman block. Lemon street PHYSICIANS. rtILK DR A I, Hombopathist, Hiotni lilo-k. Lemon street CYRUS. lr W H Moragne block. Lemon street, upstairs REAL ESTATE BCRT, JAMES Town kt, Palatka Heights, HEALY 4 TRIAY 4rd of Trade Room, Front street Pulatka 'National Bank building. Front st SALOONS. ED W AMDS, AN CO., Hurt's block. Water st reet IDAHO SALOON Twin Palmettoes, Lemon street McGILUJOHN . U;inon street, near J T ft K W Junction SASH. DOORS AND BLINDS BARNES. W Palatka National Bank building. Front st TAILORING. FISNINGKR, C A i vr Loeb'tl store. Lemon street, upstairs TAXIDERMIST. t'HY, w s Front street, three doors south of Lemon UNDERTAKERS AND EMBALMERS. , NOW. W C , No ial Front street WAGON FACTORY. RACK ft MARTIN ' ' Kiver street, near Gag "Works WOOD YAKO ALTON. M II Foot of Adams street. LOWERY VS. WHITE. DEBATE ON THE C05TESTED CASE THE HOUSE ADJOURNS WITHOUT REACHING A VOTE. Two Democrats Speak For the Con testee. Bourke Cock run, of New York, Airs His Eloquence and His Devotion to this Country and its Flag;. Washington, Februai-y 4. Mr. Gun ther, of Wisconsin, presented the peti tion of 3,500 residents of the District of Columbia against the enactment of pro hibitory laws for the District. Referred. THE LOWERY -WHITE CASE. The House then resumed the consider ation of the Lowery-White contested election case. Mr. Moore, of Texas, a majority mem ber of the Committee on Elections, spoke briefly in support of the majority resolu tion, and contended that the contestee had failed utterly to make proof of his naturalization. Mr. O'Farrell, of Virginia, took the same ground. FOR THE CONTESTEE. Mr. Rowell of Illinois, presented the case of the contestee and argued that he had completely proved his citizenship. He cited various decisions of the Supreme Court and other United States Courts to the effect that a certificate of naturaliza tion was against all the world, a judg ment of citizenship and could not be in validated by the failure of a clerk to perforin bis ministerial duty. There were 30,000 men m Chicago to-day ex actly in the same position as White. The records were burned, their papers were burned, their witnesses were dead. More than one member of the House, more than a hundred men occupying positions were in precisely the same position, and yet gentlemen said that it was dangerous to invoke parole evidence. Why men were hanged on parole evidence. Was it dangerous to invoke it to effectuate the popular will? It was said that that contestee was un worthy of belief on account of some ut terances upon the street. "Why," said he, "if we all had the brand of liar put on our brows because we sometimes make mistakes in what we say on the stump, how many of us, who talk at all, would go out of the House with the word "liar" written across our foreheads? Laughter and applause. BOURKE COCKRAN'S SPEECH. Mr. Cockran, of New York (Demo crat), was yielded fifteen minutes by Rowell, and as he rose in the centre aisle to speak for the contestee he was watch ed by eyery eye and intently listened to. He said that in discussing a question of general public policy, one that involved the sovereignty of the people, the House was not bound by the technical rules which were prescribed for the regula tion of disputes between citizens when compelled to submit their differences to the tribunals organized for the purpose of settling them. The House was on a broader basis. It had to inquire whether the people of the Twelfth Indiana Dis trict had lawfully expressed their choice The question wfes whether White was eligible to the seat to which he had un doubtedly been elected. He (Cockran) did not believe that there wai any fair question of law before the House. He did not regard the record as anything but proof of judgment. Judgment was an act of court, which stood independent of anything the clerk might do. In this case there was no record of what the court had done, and the House was driven to an inquiry into facts. White stood before the House upon his oath declar ing that in 18C3 he went before the court in Allen County, Indiana, accompanied by witnesses, and complied with all the provisions of the law, and that the cer tificate of naturalization was issued to him. Holding the views he (Coekraii did, there was nothing left for him to de cide but whether he would believe the sworn statement of a member of the House, corroborated by a character against which not one word had been uttered in this debate. Applause. Men on the Democratic side claimed to rep resent popular sovereignty in the fullest meaning of the -ord. They claimed that to their party belonged the mission of extending the power of thl people at the ballot lxx. So far as the people of the Twelfth Indiana District could speak they had declared their wish, their will their command, that White should be their representative. Applause. Against this command of the people the Com mittee on Elections had advanced a number of circumstances which it was said, tended to impeach the oceuracy of White. He believed that White was naturalized in Indiana or that he had committed perjury. He was a lawful member of the House of Representatives or his place was at the bar of criminal court on the charge of perjury. He must look to the character of the pc ion upon whose statement he proposed to base his action. This man came before the House with thirty years of honorable life to give weight to hia statement, he came here witn a nistory wmcn was part of the history of his country. He had held important offices, he had dis charged the duties of citizenship, he had shed his blood for his country applause, and his (Cockran's) voice would not cast a vote which would make the wounds he received m honorable service bleed afresh- by reason of the ingrati tude of his associates. Applause. It would rather bo his pride, as he hoped it would be in his power, to cast a vote to show that he who risked his life in defense of this land merited a reward which served him like an armor, in PALATKA, FLORIDA, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 5, 18SS. vincible to the sliafts of the enemy, when in the course of his career he had to defend his character against assault. Applause. In what he (Cockran) Baid, he ex pressed his own loyalty to the laws. He did not believe tliat the political effect of this vote would sway a single mem ber on the Democratic side so far from the sense of obligation to his conscience as to cause him to cast a vote dictated by political reasons. But i' such a sug gestion entered the mind of any man, let him remember that the best way to prevent a vote in this case from having any effect upon the Presidential election was for the Democrats bo to comport themselves in the discharge of every duty that no Presidential election would ever come into the House, but that the votes of the people would decide it in favor of that party which, he believed. was pledged to every system of good government which ought to win the con fidence of the electors. Applause. In conclusion, he said, "believing as I do, while that flag, which Capt. White and his associates have kept floating aloft in pride over every part of this country, floats over my head, while I feel deeply grateful to the heroes who preserved and cemented with their blood this Union under which we live, I shall not cast a vote which would be thank less to my constitutency and which would pronounce soldiers of the Union guilty of perjury and unworthy of the association of honorable men." Ap plause and cries of "vote, vote," from the Republican side. , Mr. Wilson, of Minnesota (Democrat), spoke in support of the contestee, and declared that men would be morally per jurers if they did not vote their honest convictions irrespective of every party consideration. Aftei further speeches by Outhwaite, of Ohio, and Marsh, of Pennsylvania, in support of the majority resolution, and then Nutting, of New York, in favor of the claims of the sitting member, the House, without reaching a vote, at 4 o'clock, adjourned. PRINTERS STRIKE. he Compositors In Philadelphia l!tm Office Walk Out. Philadelphia, February 4. The com positors employed on the Item went on a strike to-day because the proprietors re fused to make the establishment a union office and pay the wages required by the union. There were about thirty-five compositors concerned in the strike. When the manager of the paper refused to accede to the demands of the men, which were made before the beginning of the day's work, they walked out of the office, taking with them the proof readers and galley boys. Th foreman, with about ten compositors, refused to go out, and with the aid of Col. Fitzger ald and sons, proprietors of the paper, who are practical printers, succeeded in publishing this afternoon's issue. Col. Fitzgerald claims that the strike will not hinder the regular issue of the paper. No intimation of the strike was given, and the whole transaction was a com plete surprise to the proprietors. The Item has been a non-union office for about seven vears. MURDEK AND SUICIDE. A Negro Kills his Wife. Hsr Sister and His Son, and then Hangs Himself. Macon, Ga., February 4. In Baker County a young man went to the house of Amos Grant, a colored farmer. Find ing all quiet and the house closed, he looked around for the cause, and found the body ft Grant hanging from a rope thrown over a projecting joist in the rear of the house. Inside he found Mrs. Grant's body in bed, her head crushed to jelly, as if by a club. On the floor was the body of the wife's sister, and further over was the body of Grant's fif teen-year-old son. The theory is that as Grant was a hard taskmaster his wife was about to leave him, and that Grant, frenzied by the thought of her depart ure took a club and brained them all while thev slept and then committed suicide. Fourteen Year-Old Murderer Hung. New Orleans, February 4. Jim Cor nelius, a negro fourteen years old, was hanged at Minden, Webster Parish, yes terday, for the murder a year ago of Ernest Wren, the four-year-old son of G. P. Wren, member of the Legislature from that parish. The jiegro boy was in Wren's employ and the little child was playing around the negro boy, who pushed him down and made him bite his tongue so that his mouth bled. The little fellow crwd and threatened to tell his mother. The negro begged him not to tell, as he did not want to be whipped, but the little fellow persisted. The ne gro then struck him with an ax handle, crushing in his skull and mangling his head, so that he died almost instantly. New England Capitalist Excursion. Hartford, Conn., February 4. Two Pullman parlor cars will leave Hartford at 10:30 o'clock to-night with forty one excursionists to various Southern cities for a ten days' trip. The party is com posed of New England capitalists and business men. The trip is under the aus pices of the Evening Pbaf. Southern Bureau of Hartford, and the party trav els by way of the Virginia, Tennessee and Georgia Air L'ne, and Kennesaw routes. The route lies through ten States. Petroleum Destroys a RatlinMIII. Cleyeland, O., February 4. The Britton Iron and Steel Company rolling mill has been using crude petroleum for fuel. To dav the feed piie cloczed and in endeavoring to free it the oil came on with a rush that set the mill on fire and it was destroyed in less than an hour. Two hundred workmen employed had to run for their lives and barely escaped. The loss is f 70,000 and insurance f 45,000. Moonshiners Captured In Alabama. , Gadsden, Ala., February 4. The most successful raid ever made on moonshiners in this State occurred Friday. Deputy Marshals W. J. and Eugene Willford captured in DeKalb County a still with a capacity of 210 gallons and 5,000 gallons on hand. Also in Jackson County three stills and 11,000 gallons of liquor and seven moonshiners at work. . -. - . .... , .- ... The 0i Controversy Over the Boundaries et tne Collector's District. Washington, February 4. The old controversy over the boundaries of the Fourth Collection District of lrguiia has again broken out with renewed vio lence, and the rival delegations from Newport and Norfolk have given no tice of their intention to come here next week and presunt their views upon the matter to the sub-committee cf the House Commerce Committee which has charge of the bill to change the boundaries of the Fourteenth District. Newport News, which is now a port of delivery, jS seeking to be made a port of entry, so as to relieve the shipping in Hampton Roads, from the necessity of proceeding to Norfolt to enter, and this proposed change is being stoutly resisted by the people of Norfolk. Badlj mounded bj a Lion. London, February 4. At the con clusion of the performance at Lowry's Music Hall, in Dublin, last night, Mile. Senide, one of the performers, placed her head in a lion's mouth for the pur pose of having her photograph taken in that position. A sudden flash of light caused the beast to close his jaws and he retired growling to a corner of his cage, dragging his helpless victim with him. Then he hook the girl vio lently, tearing her bare breast with his claws. The attendants at once sprang toward the cage and attacked the lion with hot irons and finally succeeded in beating him off. M'lle. Senide was re moved to her lodgings and medical aid summoned. Her neck, shoulders and breast are terribly lacerated, but she is still alive. DISSEMINATING SMALL-POX. A Book Agent with the Disease Visits Hundreds of Business Houses. New York, February 4. A. M. Brad- isli, a book canvasser, walked into the Polyclinic Hospital in Third avenue to day to be treated for a skin eruption. He was found to be suffering from small-pox in an advancedjstage. He said that he had contracted it in a Bowery lodging house, to which the disease had been brought from Brooklyn. During the ten days he has been sick Brad is U has visited hundreds of business houses this city. The health authorities have raid. instituted a general vaccinating MORE RIOTING AT SHENANDOAH. Soma Loss of Life Reported The Polish Strikers Armed With Pistols. Washington, February 4. Rioting again broke out to-night at Shenandoah, Pa., when the miners quit work for the day, and it is said there has been some loss of life. The Polish strikers were well armed with pistols and used them. There are about 200 of the coal and iron police in and around Shenandoah, and they did all the fighting that was done to protect the miners who had been working. The city police appar ently had no intention of resisting- the riotous miners. Thrown Into a Receiver's Hands. Montgomery, February 4. The Mont gomery and Florida Railroad was to-day thrown into the hands of a receiver on the application of McLaren & McLaren, contractors. They claim that the road owes them $12,500, and that it is bank rupt and cannot pay. The road is a nar row gauge, running southward forty miles from this city. Major Bradford Durham was appointed receiver, with instructions from the court to repair the property, procure equipment and operate the road. THE STANDARD OIL Without a Formidable Competitor in the Turpen tine Trade in the South. ST. Locis, February 4. The entire plant of Win. Washburn & Sons, of this city, dealers in naval stores, including a large oil warehouse and the entire in terests of the Iron Mountain Warehouse and Tank Company, was sold yesterday to the Water-sPierce Company, which is a branch of the Standard Oil Com pany. W ash burn z bons ran a tank line into Alabama and Mississippi, and practically controlled the turpentine product of these States. The price paid for this plant is not known, but it is supposed to be pretty large, as it dis posed of the last competitor of the Stan dard Oil Company. This gives them control of all the tankage' in this city and leaves them without any formidable competitor in the turpentine trade in the South. More Tally Sheet Testimony. Columbus, O., February 4. Judge Pugh this morning overruled the objec tion of the defense to the admission of certain testimony in the tally sheet for gery cases. Granville resumed the stand and testified that himself and the two Montgomerys forged the Ninth Ward tally sheets, and implicated Steube.fthe watchman. His testimony in regard to the Thirteenth Ward forgery tends to implicate the defendants Mont gomery, Clias. T. Blackburn, Allen O. Myers, T. G. Cogan and others. The court adjourned to Monday morning without having completed the direct ex amination of Granville. - Ridenour Sentenced to be Hanged. Winchester,' Va., February 4. Ridenour, convicted of the murder of young Broy, was sentenced to-day to be hanged Friday, March 30. Replying to the question of the clerk what he bad to say why sentence should not be pro nounced, Ridenour remarked I have pleaded not gulity, I have made my statement, that is all I have to say.1 Counsel for the prisoner has seventy bills of exceptions and will apply to the Court of Appeals at once for the ,writ of error. A Youthful Fiend. Savannah, Ga., February 4. Yester day, near Longview, Dodge County, Bullard HarrelL a colored boy aged ten, threw two children of James Pope, colored, into a kettle of boiling water, boiling them to death, and killed a third cniHi oy ueatiDg its brains ont against a tree. .. -- ., FROM GERMANY. STATEMENT OF THE SITUATION. THE AUSTR0-GERMAN TREATY WHY IT WAS PUBLISHED. Its Aim is to Fore the Czar to am Im mediate AYar or Compel Him to Sub-' li) it to Terms for Permanent Peace. (Copyright, li8. by the X. Y. Associated Press.) Berlin, February 4. While the semi official press affects to regard the publi cation of the Austro-German "treaty as having a pacific intent, official ami dip lomatic circles know that its real aim is to force the Czar to an immediate war or compel him to submit to terms for a per manent peace dictated by the allies. The substance of the treaty has long been known to both the Russian and French Governments. At the time of its incep tion at the conference between Bis marck and Count Andrassy at Gastein, in August, 1879, confidential disclosures, stating the character of the compact, were made by Bismarck to the Czar as an inducement to break off the negotia tion for the Russo-French alliance. The day after the treaty was signed Prince Bismarck made a personal communica tion of the fact to both the French and Russian Ambassadors withholding only the exact terms of the treaty. Ths publi cation reveals nothing to any European Government. Before disclosing it to the people the step was anxiously and re peatedly discussed by Bismarck, Count Kalnoky and Ilerr von Tiwza. The Austrian Ministerial Council, the Eiu perior presiding, consented to the publi cation of the treaty only last week, upon urgent representatives from Bismarck that the time was opportune. BISMARCK'S SIGNIFICANT UTTERANCE. Its appearance at the present juncture recalls the utterance of Bismarck when he was reproached in the Reichstag for refusing to submit to that body certain diplomatic correspondence, "Once a government determines to publish im portant documents," he said, "matters should have gone so far that nothing but war is likely to be the outcome of the situation." By the light of this memorable statement the immense significance of the publication of the treaty at the present crisis will be seen. It is the step which precedes an ultima tum. If Russia continues to push for ward masses of troops menacing the strategic points on the frontier, and if the pending negotiations for an offensive and defensive alliance with France should succeeed, the central powers wilT not wait the convenience of the French and Russion Governments to declare war. The crisis therefore nears the climax. STRAIN CF THE SITUATION. Bismarck in his speech in the Reich- tag on Monday may place a peaceful in terpretation upon the motives of the-pub-lication of the treaty, but nothing he can say is expected to lessen the strain of the situation. The Czar must give practical assurances of peace or abide by an early war, and judging by all that is known of his character and the ministerial influ ence now dominating him. the Czar will not yield. Count Schouvaloff, Russian ambassa dor to Germany, is in St. Petersburg at tending the annual court. He will re turn to Berlin to-morrow and will see Bismarck before the meeting of the Reichstag on Monday. THE DEBATE WILL BE BRIEF. Debate on the military bill will be brief unless the Progressist and Socialis tic malcontents insist upon talking. All the great parties have agreed to mask their sense of the situation by disposing of the measure without delay. BISMARCK HAS SEEN THEM. The report of Bismarck's conference with the leaders of the government groups was not accurate, but the Chan cellor has seen them separately during the week and given them convincing in formation of the necessity that no par liamentary check be placed upon the passage of the measure. THE CHICAGO, ATLANTA AND BOSTON. Tne cruisers will Cost Several Thousands Less Thaa the Estimates. Washington, February 4. The state ment prepared by the Naval Advisory Hoard in regard to the cruisers Chicago, Atlanta nd Boston, show tv at the At lanta was completed at $2,000 less than the estimates, and the Boston at f 3,000 less. The Chicago can be completed at an expense of $75,000, or $ 5,000 less than the cost originally estimated. Hopkins tiull'j as Indicted. Cincinnati, February 4. The jury in the case of the United States vs. Benja min Hopkins, late assistant cashier of the Fidelity National Bank, this morn ing returned a verdict of guilty as in dicted. The defendant received the crushing judgment with reasonable fortitude, although he has been suffering much physical pain from a neuralgic affection during the trial. Motions for new trial and an arrest of judgment were made, and these will be argued before Judge Jackson Saturday next. District At torney Burna and his . assistant. J. E. Bruce, are receiving congratulations on their success in spite of the splendid fight made for the defendant. - - Sentenced to be Hanged. Lebanon, Pa., February 4. William Showers, the murderer of his two grand children, was this morning sentenced to i be hanged. He had expected a new trial. . "Weather JndicatioBi Eastern Florida Fair weather, ta tionary temperature, with light variaUe tctnd. - Western Florida Fair weather, sta tionary temiteraturr, northerly wind. ADDITIONAL LOCAL. CITY NOTES. Items Gathered Hero and There by Our Eeportorial Corps. The Cuban fast mail was over two hours late yesterday evening. The Royal Arch Masonsliold their reg ular convocation to-morrow evening. The day is not far distant when the "Arlington" also will send forth her crew of porters to assist in the usual vocal music that generally greets the ear of all visitors, either by rail or boat, to this city. The special attention of our readers is called to J. F. Sieck's new advertisement in this issue. This firm keeps a full and complete stock of jewelry and guarantee all work to be first-class. Give them a calL Mr. Henis Peterniann says that as he has not completed the task of taking stock he is still unable to give us any in formation as to the standing of his busi ness, but feels confident that he will t able to make a statement for our next edition. Cards are out for the marriage of Dr. Phillip H. Stransz, of tliis city to Miss Lida Davis, on next Friday afternoon, February 10, at the Methodist Episco pal Church,- at Morgantown, W. Va., the home of the bride elect. The services will take place at 4 o'clock. We were presented yesterday with the following scrap, which will explain it self: "Mr. Jlerryfield, who has a farm near the St, Augustine and Palatka Rail way, last week shipped to St. Augustine a pig which when dressed weighed 516 pounds. This is some pig, and shows what can be done in Florida." The -Big Four at Batchelor's Ranch" desire through the columns of The Pa latka News to express their thanks to the ladies who consoled their lonlinet-s Iat night with a delicious cake, "such as mother used to make." It was built up of rich fruit cake, intersjiersed with a white deliciousness which no masculine brain would attempt to give a name to. The vacant lot in front of the post of fice is where von v ill find Shields' great 10 cent circus to-uiorrow morning. The show will arrive from St. Augustine this afternoon, when they will pitch their tent. They give more fun and produce more wonders than any big dollar circus that travels the States for the insignifi cant sum of ten cents. Remember they will only remain here for three days. A gentleman not long since stepped into F. C. Cochrane's book store and inquired of the bright little fellow Inland the counter if had "Very Hard Cash," one of Charles Reade's works. The chap re plied, "certainly we have," and imme diately flew to the cash drawer and be gan handling the coins, at the same time remarking, "how much would you like, sir?" when a lady clerk who had heard the question walked up smiling and presented the.'desired literature to the bov's incense bewilderment. PERSONAL. Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus Cole, of Cape Sara- Elizabeth, Me., are guests at the toga. Mcsdames Mary T. Whitson and Mary A. Whitson, of Atlanta, are registered at the Saratoga. Prof. B. F. Lovelace, the enterprising principal of the Grovesdale Academy, was on a business trip in Palatka yester day. He says his school is in excellent condition. The friends of Mr. E. McMahon, of this city, who was recently thrown from a buggy and seriously injured, will be glad to learn that he is on the road to recovery. He had a narrow escape, Mr. W. L. Davids, of Tallahassee, ia circulating among friends in this city. He belongs to the Jacksonville Yacht Club, and is the owner of the beautiful yacht Cheemaun. He states that six yachts, in addition to his own, will be towed from Jacksonville to Palatka shortly to enter our Gala Week Regatta. A Pleasant Affair. Another impromptu gathering was held at the Saratoga night before last in honor of Mr. C. W. Lindsley's departure for his home in New York City.to whom the ladies tender their many thanks for courtesies received. Dancing was the order of the hour, and the event was greatly enjoyed. The following partici pants were noticed: Miss M. W. Bald win, Orange, N. Y.; Miss Teasdale, Mrs. L. Loeb, Mrs. I. M. Meyers, city; Mr. Altmayor, wife and sister, Savannah; Mrs. W. V. Toller, England; Mr. J. I. Holbrook, S. I Lowry, I. White, C J. Joesph, H. G. Payne, city; and Mr. C. W, Lindsley, J. A. Hanman and C. L. Hasbrook. The merry throng continued dancing until a reasonable hour, when a beautiful collation was served by Major Washburne, the genial proprietor, ample justice being done. Music was furnished by Prof. Zellner. TOWN TATTLER'S TALK. The season of balls has got there with both pedal extremities, and they of the young men who longeth to be society swells can have their desire gratified by investing their month's wages in a swal low-tailed coat. A compositor of The Palatka News possesses so much modesty that he hangs a newspaper in 'ront of his window every time there is a festival or ball at the armory. The young ladies who at tend these social affairs nearly .always pass by the printing office, and the compositor puts the newspaper in front of his window to prevent them gazing upon his charms while he is at work. The honorable Board of County Com missioners, we respectfully suggest, might fitly celebrate Arbor Day by plant ing trees in the Court House lot. The American small boy ia not the only one who goes wild over the circus. The big, strong American man of forty will step up the band wagon and buy a ten-cent ticket with just as much enthu siasm as his youthful progeny. And bis admiration for the champion circus rider of the world almost, if not quite, equals that cf the small boy. in is weauier, wmcn is lar more ap- p opriate to fitful and changeable April than to bleak February, seems to hav given the world and his wife a col.L The goddess whose shining" presence is not propitiating unto the raising of oranges the moon goddess. The hose company whose cart reposes in the engine house can seldom be blamed for being slow in getting to a fire. They have the heaviest, handsomest and most unwieldy hose cart in the city, and as they can never get more than seven or eight men often not more over six to take hold of the ropes, by the time it has been pulled three blocks those who have hold of the ropes are out of breath. That cart was made for horses to pull, not men. Three blocks run with that hose cartV ropes in his hands will soon put a mail out of wind. We have been there. . Why don't the boys of PaUttka organ ize a hose company? They would cer tainly get to a fireasquick if not quicker than the other companies. The citizens of Palatka would gladly aid them, we think, in securing a cart and hose. We mean boys ranging from fourt-n to nineteen years of age. Tows Tattler. DAYT0NA. Recora of a Delightful Cruise ea Indian River. CorreKiMHufeiice of thr. Pahua Daytona. February 3. The Smith-Clement party returned last evening after a delightful cruise on the Indian River. Except two slight delays cause! by shallow water from low tide at the Haulover, their trip was one of uninterrupted pleasure. Leaving here .Monday, January 30, the Clara reached a point about thirty miles south where passengers concluded to tie up and rest till morning. Thanks to Miss Clement's hand and rod all were re galed at breakfast with the finest ca valla ever cooked to a turn. At 10 a. m. the journey was resumed with an all satisfying feeling, that at the slight est whim "their stately steaaier would stop for a hunt, fish or other imstinios. At the Indian River Lagoon it is said that one might see acres of water bl.u k with ducks furnishing abundant sport for the crack shots aboard. A favorite way of catching water fowl was to fire upon them far ahead then to secure by means of a crab not when the steamer had reached its game. A stay of three days was made af Jupiter Inlet where the party fished, hunted, gathered shells and visited a light house which they all say bears no oniparison to ours at Ponce Park. The homeward journey was begun Sunday morning. Stops were made at Rockledge, Titusville and other points which promised pleasure. Trophies of the trip are four barrels of beautiful shells, a large snow whito pelican and twelve jolly, sun-burnt people. Dr. B. B. Smith has returned at last to make Davtona his immanent stepping place. He has two friends, Di-s. 11. T. Brain and D. J. Russell, who will assist him in dentistry until June 1, at which time they will depart for their homes in New York. The alove are stopping at the Ocean View Hotel. A soaking rain set in an -early hour last evening, to continue without cessa tion for twelve hours. To-day cloudy, with a southeast wind. Gekalpine, THE REPUBLIC OF WEST FLORIDA The Right of Florida Counties to Wild Lends Within Their Borders. A recent issue of the New Orleans T,iic."-A.mocrf says: Mr. Robertson, member of t ongress from the Sixth District of the State, has offered once more a bill donating the public land in the Horn la parisues to those parishes, on the ground that they achieved their independence of Stain by their own exertions, established a re public of their own. and came into the Union like Texas as a State alreadv in detiendent and organized. Bills to this effect have been offered several throws al readv. but not vrt-r viyorouslv nressed until a few years ago, when the facts in regard to the annexation of West Florida wtre developed. The Question i nurelv a historical one, and the history at issue is fortu nately lull and complete. An investiga tion of any historical map of the United States will show a strange hiatus in re spect to West Florida, which includes all that part of Louisiana, lying north of isayou Alanchac and east or the .Missis sippi. This region was certainly no por tion of the Louisiana purchase. It ia equally certain that it was not included in the r lonua purchase, because it tun 1 been an integral part of the Linked States for many years before Florida was ceded to us by Spain. And finally. it was never a part Jot tne uritisu or American colonial domain. As a mat ter of fact, the West Florida parishes were never obtained by the United States bv gift or purchase, but by the revolution of the pple ot that section and subsequent peaceable annexation at their request. W hen Louisiana was purchased ot. the French it was found that it included only the country west of the Mississippi and the Ia'.e of Orleans, the then island surrounded by the Mississippi, Bayou Manchac and Lakes Maurepas and I'ont- chartrain. west of this lay the Spanish province of Florida, usually oivided into East and est Honda. In the latter, which includes to-dav the two lehcian as, hiist Ha ton Kouge, ht. Helena, Ijv- mgston, Tangipahoa, V ashington and St. Tammany, was a l.irge American population, which had established itself there at the invitation of thebpanisli au thorities. From l!S0:i, the date of the Louisiana purchase, until 1810 no doubt or . suspicion was ever cast uxn the Spaoish title to this countrv, nor did the United States ever put forward any claim to it. 1 he American settlers, how ever, grew restive under Spanish rule and played exactly the same jart played some thirty years later bv the Americans m lexas. Anxious to free themselves from an alien dominion and unite their fortunes with their fellow citizens across the Manchac and Mississippi, they rose in rebellion in 1810 and under the lead ership of Gen. Philemon Thomas, at tacked and captured the Spanish garri son at Baton itouge, the seat of govern ment. Killed the Governor of the pro vince, Don Carlos Grandpre, and drove out trie Spaniards. The establishment of the Republic of w est, i lonaa lonowea. r.ven then, iio claim was made to the country bv the Americans ana no attempt made to take possession of it. borne years afterward. when the war of 112 threatened the United States, and particularly the Gulf country,- the English then holding Florida, Gov. Claibcrne naturally be came very much alarmed over the posi tion of West Florida, which threatened New Orleans. The people of that small republic had previously asked admission to the Union and snt a delegate to Con gress, ine reply was the penceahie oc cupation or the country, tht Federal troops taking possession cf it by and wjm me consent, ot tne people. NUMBER 2S5. These are the historical events upon which the Florida parishes have for wdm years jmst founded a claim to the public lands in their limits. They ear that they achieved their own independ ence a fact undisputed established their own government, and succeeded to all the rights uad eminent domain of the Spanish government thev overthrew; that the only title the ifnited States possesses to these lands is what it obtained from the Republic of West Florida. The occupation of the coun try in 1913 was in no respect a con quest, it having b-en wrested by the people themselves from Spain. For what they did in Jdrivingout the Span iards in 1110. in securing for the United States a rich anil valuable section and in saving the country the expense of pur chasing it for hal it not been required by the West Floridians the government would have been comie!!ed to pay a much larger sum for Florida tlian it did they claim that they are entitled to t lie same recognition that the people of Texas received, in the possession of he public domain in these parish. A e simply give the facts without dis cussing its merits; and these facts cer tainly justify an examination by Con gress into this claim. If that body finds that a rfe fu-to povenunent existed iu West Florida, that government, under the ordinary rules of international law, would he the owner and possessor of the public lands. It is as heirs of tliis Re public that the Florida parishes now put m the-'r claim to these public lands. THE BLOT ON THE BRAIN. A Calm, Religious and Temporals Life Me Safeguard Against Insanity. From the Now York Graphic. It is passing strange that a calm, re ligious and temierate life is no safe guard against the ills of insanity. As it is a most natural lelief that a life of jx'aceful conditions is quite certain to be s sane one, so it is a common belief that a domestic life, especially if conjugal re lations exist, should be comparatively free of ruaduess. The popular mind asso ciates hallucinations, lunacy and paresis with intemperance of gain, of lust, of crime, or of religion. All of which is for from being true, as shown by the re port of the Superintendent of the Insane Asylums of New York just issued. Of the whole nuuilier of insane per sons received at the city institutions 63 er cent, were of temperate habits and i!S ier cent, votaries of the flowing bowl. Eighfy-eight per cent, of the patients were of religious bebef, over 10 per cent, were, presumably, iiMgans, as their faiths could not be ascertained, ami less than 2 jer cent, were inlidels. While 33 per cent, of the unfortunates were natives of Ireland, :) tier cent, of the United States, and 31 wr cent, of Germany over 51 per cent, belonged to the Catholic Church. Six per cent, of the patients were of Jewish jtersuasion. and. with less than 3 ier cent, of infidels, it is pre sumable that the true faith is cot a bar rier to insanitv. The civil condition of the patients enumerated shows that the marital rela tion neither precludes nor enhances in sanity, as 41 per cent were single and 40 per cent, married, so far as was known. Fourteen per cent were widows or were) widowed, but it may not lie inferred from the records that the loss of coniu- gal jiartners was the cause of their arlic- tion. lhat women are more prone to melancholy than man is shown by the fact that of the total number of patients 53 per cent, were females and 47 per cent, males. It apiears that ceaseless toil is a fre quent cause of insanity, and strangely the greater number of cases are in occu pations which, in the accepted conclu sion, should preclude insanity. Of the female portion of the patients under con sideration, ?1 per cent, were housewives. domestics, cooks, seamstresses or tailor- esses. ort7-seven per cent, were do mestics, 22 per cent, housewives. 3 per cent, cooks, 3 per cent. seamstresses and iw cent, tailoresses. Of the male por tion 40 per cent, were laborers, clerks, jieddlers, drivers and carpenters. Twenty-four per cent, were laborers, 9 per cent, clerks, 3$ per cent, carpenters and 2 per cent, cigarmakers. It is probable that the records of the private insane asylums would somewhat inmlifv- the re sults as given above, but it remains that it is lietter to be rich than poor it there be a harliored fear of - insanity and the asvliim. Incrrdihle Drpravilr. Fhila'lelphia Times. It is sad to chronicle human deceit; it is sadder still when the deceitful one hapjiens to be a fellow-townsman, ami yet thj following case leaves no alterna tive. A few days ago the poet master of Chicago received a mysterious letter. It bore our city s familiar postmark, but it is hanfjto believe that Philadelphia pro duced the abandoned person who wrote it, I he letter ran as follows: "Philadelphia, January 25, 1688. "Dear Sir: I trust vou will pardon me for addressing you these few lines, but I will depend on your manhood and generosity to look lenien'ly on roe. I herewith enclose a letter to Miss u , which I sincerely hope and trust you will forward, lief ore doing so you have my permission to open and read or, let ter. 1 will send one to you unsealed. The lady is my affianced wife. She saw me take, as she supposed, the 11.50 train from Philadelphia to Chicago on Tues day, January 34, but I only took a local train. I promised her a letter by next Monday from Chicago and ask you to kindly help me out of this d n scrajie and the favor vou grant will call on your head the blessings of -a repenting man. T. F. c. The postmaster took up the letter in alarm. Such villiany was unknown even in Chicago, and when in the en clo ed note he read glowing descriptions of the architectural beauties of his na tive place and aeccounts of things that did not exist there at all his indignation was sun greater. ine largest uovern ment stamp in the office was procured and the false letter having been merci lessly branded with the mark of dis grace, was sent back as a warning to all wno attempt to deceive trusting women. Canons Geological Phenomena. La Gazette Oeog-rapliique. The Cordillera of the Andes has for some time Ix-en exhibiting a curious phenomenon. It result from observa tions made upon the altitudes of the most important points, that their height hi gradually diminishing. .. Ouit-o, winch m 14a was 9.5!)5 feet above the level of the sea, was only .570 feet in 1h03, 9,567 in 1831, and scarcely 9.520 in 1857. The altitude of Quito has therefore dimLhed by seventv- six left in tne space of one hundred and twenty-two years. Another oeak. th Pinchincha, has diminished br 218 t e-t during the same period, and its crater has descended 425 feet in the last 25 years. That of Actisana has sunk 165 feet ia sixty-four years. - How Los Angeles Keeps Warm. " - Chicago Tribune. ... Hard coal is worth 40 a ton in Angles, CaL, and if it were not for the warm and glowing imagination of the men who are laying off suburban lots on the outskirts of the city and supplying tne tast wita tacts pertaining to the . climate of Southern California, many a poor family in that place would suffer from cold. "Pineapple" Oranges. - . New Orleani Time-Democrat. A New York paper says: "Pineapple oranges, a new variety from Palatka, i la., are in martet, Thev are ianre, smooth -skinned and nhapelv, with the flavor and perf une of the pineapple.'