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i E ' DP. GEORGE YOX.DITOP VOYr JJI
I DR. OEOROB FOX, President ) 8AM LII'SHITZ, Vice-President ( LOUIS MORRIS, Becy-Treas. t VOL. VIII. NO. 14. FOREIGN and DOMESTIC REPORTS OF CONDITIONS AF FECTING JEWS IN FORMER WAR ZONES. The Joint Distribution Committee presents .the first reports of it's com missioners now abroad detailing the actual conditions in the countries to which they have been assigned, in cluding Poland, Czecho-Slovakia, Greece, Turkey, Roumania, Syria, Palestine, Siberia and other countries. These reports form the initial in stallment of the accounts which this paper will publish from time to time, and the material has been compiled solely from the letters and cable-messages the commissioners have dis patched to the Chairman of the Com mittee. The members of the Commission, in addition to their own observations, have been aided by reports received by the American Relief Administra tion which, under the direction of Her bert Hoover, is distributing American food supplies. They have been in es pescially close touch with Loius Straus Mr. Hoover's representative in Paris, from whom much information and as sistance have been secured. Personnel of American Commission. The members of the Commission and from among whose reports thi following facts are quoted, include: Dr. Boris D. Bogen, Isidore Hersh field and Bernard Horwich who are in Poland; Barnet Zuckerman, who is at B rest-Li tovsk; Dr. Solomon Lo wenstein, returning from Palestine; Miss Hetty Goldman, on her way to Roumania, following extended visits to Greece .and Serbia; Rabbi Aaron Teitelbaum, whose headquarters are at Constantinople and whose investi gations cover Turkey and Syria; Hen ry G. Alsberg, in Cxecho-Slovakia; Ja-. cob Billikopf, Sholem Asch, Morris Engelman, Meyer Gillis, Max Pine, who are at the headquarters of the Netherlands Branch of the Joint Dis tribution Committee, at the Hague, and later are to visit other countries; Dr. Frank F. Rosenblatt, who has ar rived at Vladivostock, where Samuel Mason Representing the Hebrew Im migrant and Aid Society, as well as the Joint Distribution Committee, also is; and Miss Harriet B. Lowensieln, executive head of the commission, who is in Paris. ( Tha editor Is not responsible for views) expressed by contributors. Anonymous j letters wll receive no consideration. ) FORT WORTH-r FROM SPECIAL TERRIBLE CONDITIONS IN POLAND. The situation in Poland is graphi cally described by Dr. Boris D. Bo gen who has possibly been most deep ly impressed with the attitude of the population itself, and of which he says: "The population has seen and felt so much of suffering thct it has be come calloused to hardship and to want, but the spectacle of hundreds of starving children, of women, in the biting cold, clad only in the scan tiest of filthy rags, and of men, list lessly and aimlessly walking the streets asking for bread, has deeply affected the committee's representa tives." Writing under date of February 12, and telling of conditions at Warsaw, he says: "I am heartbroken over the situa tion. The ppople are here hopelessly out with themselves and the world. The only thing that keeps them alive is the fatalistic faith in some miracle in the near future. 5 , ) .rv-w. i ..i s INTERIOR OF ROUP KITCHEN MAINTAINED BY NATHAN STRAUS FEDERATION. AMERICA HAS BECOME THE SAVIOR OF MILLIONS. TEXAS, FRIDAY, JULY 4, 1919. COR RES. ONDENTS STATEMENT TO PUBLIC BY JEW ISH COMMITTEE. The representative of the Joint Dis tribution Committee, themselves, also issued an additional statement, ad dressed to the Jewish public: "At the present time we are engaged in arranging the place of the distri bution of the food sent by the Ameri can Jews for Jews in Poland. "The food will be distributed to as many poor as possible. Naturally in the first line the extremely poor will be provided with food. "We are doing our best to organ ize the distribution in such a way that those who receive the food should not be obliged to wait forming long files. We shall also strive for fair treatment of those who receive the food. "We shall do everything in our power that nobody should be wrong ed. Those who ought to receive food should receive it without any difficul ties, and those who ought not to re ceive it should not receive it We re quest you, therefore, those engaged In the distribution and those who receive food, help us to carry out our task to . gve relief to the needy people." ( Entered In the Port Worth Poetofflcel as Second Class Mall Matter by the Mon-V I Itor Publishing Company. i Price $1.50 Per Year. NEWS THE DEAD LEFT WITHOUT BURIAL. Dr. Bogen in his communications tells of numerous strikes on the part of employees of the local Gmina or Jewish Relief Agencies and which, while these societies had very little at their disposal to distribute, neverthe less greatly accentuated the hardships of the population and tremendously increased the difficulties. Even those working for the cemeteries struck, not being provided with sufficient pay with which to eke out an existence. Of this he says: "It was astonshing to me to find that all the district bureaus of the war relief societies had been closed for almost a month on account of a strike among the employees, during which the poor received no assistance and the entire work was at a stand still. The employees explained to me that their salaries were absolutely in adequate and made it impossible for them to obtain even a mere existence. People working at the cemeteries struck so that the dead could not be buried, a horrible situation, but one which had happened before and which the public, even the poor, seemed to take quite lightly." These strikes have since been settled. CHILDREN ACCUSTOMED TO ONE SCANTY MEAL Describing a typical school, known as a froble school, or school for small children, Dr. Bogen says: "The school is situated on the third floor in a ten ement house. There are three teach ers.. The teachers are one man and two women, earnest and symapthetic, but the children are miserably dress ed and sickly looking, with flabby, what seemed to be, swollen faces. They spoke Yiddish and asked ques tions about America and whether we had brought food. They used to get two meals a day, but lately have re ceived only one. The teachers thought however, that this was enough, and said in explanation The children are used to going hungry and can now stand much better the consequences.' The rooms were terribly cold for v there was no coal. Coal is now about ten marks for a pud (40 pounds), and then it is almost impossible to get"