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Friday, June il, 1610. ' TO ABSORB MASS-MIGRATIOtf WITHOUT ECONOMIC FRICTION. Preparing for Laying Foundations of Jewish Commonwealth in Palestine. Zionists Seek Standard Which Will Make Unite of 100,000 Self-Sustain-ing by Application of Co-Operative Principle. Conferences for the purpose of ar riving at methods and standards for the absorption, with the least possible economic friction, of the greatest mi gration into Palestine which will en sue as soon as political conditions per mit have been instituted by the Zion ist Organization of America. They are being participated in by some of the leading engineering, agricultural and architectural experts under the auspices of the Zionist Society of En gineers and Agriculturists. In the dis cussions -which have already taken place, and those to ensue, the applica tion of the co-operative principles to which the Zionist Organization is com mitted through the adoption of the "Pittsburg Program" is one of the basic elements. This program, adopt ed at the Zionist convention, at Pitts burg, in 1918, provided among other things: "The co-operative principle should be applied, as far as feasible, in the organization of all agricultural, industrial, commercial and financial undertakings." It is not the intent of these confer ences to set up any arbitrary stand ard. The human equation, and the thought that whatever standards or methods are finally agreed upon must be of such flexibility as will make them easily applicable to local condi tions and to the character and constit uency of the population, are kept con stantly to the fore. What is sought is a standard basing itself on the needs and inherent resources of a popula tion, irrespective of distribution, of a minimium of 100,000. The feeling of most of the conferee is that any les ser unit of measurement must lack certain factors essential to a com pletely rounded, all-embracive com munity. Of course, 100,000 men are not to go at once, or in a given time In explaining the problem to the conferees, Mr. Jacob de Haas, execu tive secretary of the Zionist Organiza tion pointed out its unique character. The fact that it has no parallel in con scious effort is making these confer ences of special interest to a number of leading experts in engineering, city and town-planning, agriculture ana the like, including Ernest Payson Goodrich, former consulting engineer of the Borough of Manhattan and who is engaged in an enterprise of similar physical magnitude in Tennessee; Charles William Burkett, editor of the "American Agriculturist" and author of "Farm Arithmetic," Joseph Rosen, agricultural representative of the Russian Co-operative Groups, or Zemstovs; Prof. Jacob Lipman, of the Agricultural College, New Brunswick, N. J.; Prof. O. S. Morgan, of Colum bia University; Josepn Horowitz, of the Thompson-Starrett Company; Capt. Lawrence Weiler, Director of the National Housing Association; Richard H. Dana and H. K. Murphy, well-known New York architects and others. As the conferences progress they will be augmented by a number of other leading experts in the various fields associated with the problem. The discussion was opened by the Zionist Society of Engineers and Ag riculturists, who presented a memor andum, setting forth that the method of mass colonization in Palestine must be based upon an analysis of the es sential needs of consumption and production, with a view of making large groups of settlers self-sustaining as far as possible. Such groups must contain the requisite number of agriculturists, artisans, professionals, etc., as will make it self-sustaining. Continuing, the memorandum lays down the following: The process of settling the unit of 100,000 presents three distinct prob lems. 1. The settlement proper, including organization, selection, transporta tion and distribution. 2. The determination of consump tion and production which Involves the development of agricultural and in dustrial enterprises and the respec tive settlements. 3. The determination of the ratio of the utilization of public Improvements and utilities to be developed for the country at large. The analysis of the three problems would enable arriving at the budget in terms of qualities of materials, ma chinery, implements and labor. In this analysis it would be neces sary to determine the quantitative ra tio of prime necessities, such as food, shelter and raiment; communal ne cessities, including public health, edu cation and safety; and public utilities such as water power, transportation facilities, coast, river and lake devel opment, sanitation and the like. As the conferees began to find their moorings in the uncharted territory of the discussion, and ideas to take shape it became evident that two avenues of approach to the problem are de veloping. The agriculturists are sup porting a contention that a slow, nat ural growth is desirable, with agricul ture as the starting point and that the other factors of economic devel opment are to be dealt with by the settlers themselves as the possibilities develop. They are, at the same time, emphatically in favor of the co-oper-tive basis for all undertakings, some going to the extent of urging the elim ination of the middleman. The engin eers and architects favor an "attack on all fronts", that is, the planning and preparation of all the primary In dustries as well as agriculture. Both sides strongly recommend a central ized control and direction. "You Would Hardly Think 'Twas Summer" A BUZZ FAN MAY BE HAD ON TERMS IF YOU SO DESIRE 10-inch, 12-inch and 16 inch Fans, both desk and Oscillating types at reasonable prices. Besides we include a 2way plug. (Delivery Charges 25 cents Any Part of the City) Fort Worth Power & Light Co. 1001 Commerce St. Lamar 6390 imiutitiiiiruitaitiiiuutiiKtimuotai iiiiritiiiiaituiuiiuuuumiuuiuntnitiiiuaiiitunirmnmniiminiuuimnnirnutiiunnntinriuiiiiii PHILLIPS EGYPT 711 Houston St. Presents Saturday, 2 P. M. ALICE BRADY in "HIS BRIDAL NIGHT" CHANDLER SIX 81705 Announcing THE NEW SERIES CHANDLER DISPATCH The Chandler Dispatch, for a year past, has outsold all other cars of the sport type. The Chandler factory has been unable to build this car in quantites which could fill the demand. It popularity is one of the high spots in motordom. And now comes the new series Dispatch a snappy, handsome car. Thousands of alert Americans, who appreciate Chandler quality, welcome the new Dispatch. Jfou, too, will be delighted wWi it if you with a really good car, with style in design and beauty in finish and unexecelled in its ability to per form. The new series Chandler Dispatch is handsomely upholstered in bright finish hand buffed leather. It seats four passengers in the ultimate degree of comfort. Its finish is in the beautiful new Chandler Rainbow Blue, richly lustrous. You are atiked to pay much more for car which might perhaps be compared with the Chandler. And cheap cars sell for but little less. Early Orders Will Be Given Early Delivery SIX SPLENDID BODY TYPES Seven-Passenger Touring Car, $1795 , . Pour-Passenger Roadster $1785 Four-Passenger Dispatch Car, $1875 Convertible Sedan, $2695 Convertible Coupe, $2595 Limousine, $3095 All Prices r. o. b. Cleveland. A. P. MITCHELL AUTO COMPANY FIFTH & COMMERCE STS. PHONE LA MAR 1429 FORT WORTH, TEXAS CHANDLER MOTOR CAR COMPANY, CLEVELAND, OHIO. MS 5 1'