Friday, June il, 1610. '
TO ABSORB MASS-MIGRATIOtf
WITHOUT ECONOMIC FRICTION.
Preparing for Laying Foundations of
Jewish Commonwealth in Palestine.
Zionists Seek Standard Which Will
Make Unite of 100,000 Self-Sustain-ing
by Application of Co-Operative
Conferences for the purpose of ar
riving at methods and standards for
the absorption, with the least possible
economic friction, of the greatest mi
gration into Palestine which will en
sue as soon as political conditions per
mit have been instituted by the Zion
ist Organization of America. They
are being participated in by some of
the leading engineering, agricultural
and architectural experts under the
auspices of the Zionist Society of En
gineers and Agriculturists. In the dis
cussions -which have already taken
place, and those to ensue, the applica
tion of the co-operative principles to
which the Zionist Organization is com
mitted through the adoption of the
"Pittsburg Program" is one of the
basic elements. This program, adopt
ed at the Zionist convention, at Pitts
burg, in 1918, provided among other
things: "The co-operative principle
should be applied, as far as feasible,
in the organization of all agricultural,
industrial, commercial and financial
It is not the intent of these confer
ences to set up any arbitrary stand
ard. The human equation, and the
thought that whatever standards or
methods are finally agreed upon must
be of such flexibility as will make
them easily applicable to local condi
tions and to the character and constit
uency of the population, are kept con
stantly to the fore. What is sought is
a standard basing itself on the needs
and inherent resources of a popula
tion, irrespective of distribution, of a
minimium of 100,000. The feeling of
most of the conferee is that any les
ser unit of measurement must lack
certain factors essential to a com
pletely rounded, all-embracive com
munity. Of course, 100,000 men are
not to go at once, or in a given time
In explaining the problem to the
conferees, Mr. Jacob de Haas, execu
tive secretary of the Zionist Organiza
tion pointed out its unique character.
The fact that it has no parallel in con
scious effort is making these confer
ences of special interest to a number
of leading experts in engineering, city
and town-planning, agriculture ana
the like, including Ernest Payson
Goodrich, former consulting engineer
of the Borough of Manhattan and who
is engaged in an enterprise of similar
physical magnitude in Tennessee;
Charles William Burkett, editor of the
"American Agriculturist" and author
of "Farm Arithmetic," Joseph Rosen,
agricultural representative of the
Russian Co-operative Groups, or
Zemstovs; Prof. Jacob Lipman, of the
Agricultural College, New Brunswick,
N. J.; Prof. O. S. Morgan, of Colum
bia University; Josepn Horowitz, of
the Thompson-Starrett Company;
Capt. Lawrence Weiler, Director of
the National Housing Association;
Richard H. Dana and H. K. Murphy,
well-known New York architects and
As the conferences progress they
will be augmented by a number of
other leading experts in the various
fields associated with the problem.
The discussion was opened by the
Zionist Society of Engineers and Ag
riculturists, who presented a memor
andum, setting forth that the method
of mass colonization in Palestine must
be based upon an analysis of the es
sential needs of consumption and
production, with a view of making
large groups of settlers self-sustaining
as far as possible. Such groups
must contain the requisite number of
agriculturists, artisans, professionals,
etc., as will make it self-sustaining.
Continuing, the memorandum lays
down the following:
The process of settling the unit of
100,000 presents three distinct prob
lems. 1. The settlement proper, including
organization, selection, transporta
tion and distribution.
2. The determination of consump
tion and production which Involves the
development of agricultural and in
dustrial enterprises and the respec
3. The determination of the ratio of
the utilization of public Improvements
and utilities to be developed for the
country at large.
The analysis of the three problems
would enable arriving at the budget
in terms of qualities of materials, ma
chinery, implements and labor.
In this analysis it would be neces
sary to determine the quantitative ra
tio of prime necessities, such as food,
shelter and raiment; communal ne
cessities, including public health, edu
cation and safety; and public utilities
such as water power, transportation
facilities, coast, river and lake devel
opment, sanitation and the like.
As the conferees began to find their
moorings in the uncharted territory of
the discussion, and ideas to take shape
it became evident that two avenues
of approach to the problem are de
veloping. The agriculturists are sup
porting a contention that a slow, nat
ural growth is desirable, with agricul
ture as the starting point and that
the other factors of economic devel
opment are to be dealt with by the
settlers themselves as the possibilities
develop. They are, at the same time,
emphatically in favor of the co-oper-tive
basis for all undertakings, some
going to the extent of urging the elim
ination of the middleman. The engin
eers and architects favor an "attack
on all fronts", that is, the planning
and preparation of all the primary In
dustries as well as agriculture. Both
sides strongly recommend a central
ized control and direction.
"You Would Hardly Think
A BUZZ FAN MAY BE HAD ON TERMS IF
YOU SO DESIRE
10-inch, 12-inch and 16 inch Fans, both desk and
Oscillating types at reasonable prices.
Besides we include a 2way plug.
(Delivery Charges 25 cents Any Part of the City)
Fort Worth Power & Light Co.
1001 Commerce St.
711 Houston St.
Presents Saturday, 2 P. M.
ALICE BRADY in
"HIS BRIDAL NIGHT"
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