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The Jewish monitor. (Fort Worth-Dallas, Tex.) 191?-1921, May 13, 1921, Image 7

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Friday, May 13, 1921.
particular instanct to the general
rule.'
Thus In Israel do we truly find
the "vicarious atonement."
The superior and sensitive Jew of
today, instead of suffering for the
'slni of the fathers" of departed
(fenerations, suffers for the sins of
his brothers of the present genera
Won. He is not so much prone to
condone these sins f.s to deny their
existence; and in this denial lies his
own fault in the case.
Much of present prejudice against
the Jew is traditional. Many non
Jews can give no reason for their
dislike of the Jew other than that
his nose is differently shaped! How
philosophic is race prejudice that de
pends upon a fact of physiognomy!
The Jew is hated because he re
mains spiritually unconquered; strip
ped of all but his unbending pride,
stubbornly still he bows to none ex
cept God.
Jewish prejudice, however, is basic
ally economic; all its other dependen
cies are merely contributory and in
cidental, else are effects instead of
causes.
The sovereign truth that in all the
affairs of life all men are actuated
fundamentally by the economic mo
tive, fails of universal recognition
because of the confusing fact that
many other and lesser motives cross
the greater or blend with it Permit
me to resort to simile in order to
make clearer my meaning:
The general motive of a river is
from its source to its mouth. The
bulk of all floatable material cast in
to its channel is carried down
stream and discharged at the outlet,
but
There is always a but an except
ion that may not prove the rule, but
which docs prove itself. You drop a
chip into the stream and immediately
it responds to the fundamental flow,
but soon it may be caught in a cross
current that propels it to lodgment
on the opposite bank. Just so are
there countless cross-currents in hu
man life that modify, color, and tem
porarily suspend the greater and
more continuous economic impulsion.
In analyzing this problem, there
fore, we should take into account
these little cross-currents that make
our existence the complex thing it
-is. For example, there is the sex
urge, which at mating mood drives
man entirely away from his econom
ic interest. Then there are the var
ious ideals that grip the votaries of
propaganda, pulling them thia way
and that And the whole combination
and complication is further "modified
by the individual's own intelligence
or lack thereof. For a proper under
standing of this proposition we must
embrace in its consideration th
force of ideals, preconceived opin
ions, and many other minor influen
ces that always are tainting or tint
ing both the strong surface drift and
. the mighty undertow of economic
push and pull.
So, despite the number and nature
of these incidental influences, I am
on the solid rock of irrefragable ac
curacy when I assert that race an
tagonism is rooted in the soil of sel
fishness. The people we merely dis
like we leave alone. Simple aversion
leads to avoidance; but imperiled
self-interest impels to violent con
tact Jewish persecution is a result of
the competitive system in industrial
life, presenting the strange anomaly
of a people being victims because
they are the victors. The Jew's sue
THE JEWISH MONITOR
cessful competition caused his sup
pression. What purpose other than economic
restriction do we find in the Egyp
tian bondage, the Babylonian captiv
ity, and the Roman subjection? Wq
perceive the same motive in modern
pogroms.
The Egyptians wore quite frank
in such matters, following the ex
ample of their king, who said to
them: "Behold, the people of the
children of Israel are more and
mightier than we: come on, and let
us deal wisely with them, lest they
multiply." (Exodus, 1:9, 10). Then
he put into operation his program
of servitude and infanticide.
According to the Bible, the Egyp
tians specifically objected to the
Jews because they were shepherds.
At this distant day the economic
connection of such objection is not
clear, but its existence can not reas
onably be doubted. Perhaps the Jews
bade fair to dominate the meat and
fleece markets. Whatever the cause
of the feud, it was as surely econom
ic as that of the range wars in our
own West a double-decade ago, which
marked the sheep invasion of graz
ing domains long sacred to cattle.
Then the appellation "sheepman" be
came among cattlemen an epithet of
ultimate reproach. Sheepherdcrs were
despised by cowboys to the same de
gree as was a rattlesnake, and they
were quite as readily slain. The
reason for this loathing had no least
relation to the personal qualities of
the herders, but was found in the
fact that the sheep polluted the wat
er supply and the multitudes of their
sharp hoofs in compact flock-formation
destroyed the pasturage. Any
way, as a result of economic consid
erations, the inferior caste of the
sheepman was forever fixed and his
assassination became a popular past
time. The Jew himself never was for
a similar cause so fiercely reviled or
so relentlessly persecuted.
Here we may observe how excuses
for race prejudice vary with differ
ent periods. The Pharoah's subjects
objected to the Jews because of their
pastoral pursuits; we of today com
plain that they confine themselves
almost exclusively to commercial ac
tivities and shun agronomy. Thus
are men consistently inconsistent
where their economic interests are
concerned.
The truth is that Hebrew prosper
ity attracts hostility The Jew's
greater ability to achieve practical
success engenders envy and arouses
antagonism. The Gentile is not a
good loser in the commercial game,
so is disposed toward race prejudice
when he finds his own with no match
for the algebraic cunning of the He
braic brain.
The rising tide of anti-Semitism
is synchronous with the rise of Jew
ish financiering and industrialism.
The character of the civil disabili
ties imposed upon the Jews is suffi
cient evidence that these were se
leced wiht a view solely to special
economic effect
Originally a pastoral people, the
Jews prospered In agriculture,
wherefore were they forbidden to
own land or occupy tillable soil. Thus
early was protection afforded the
farmer. Penned within the Pale,
force of necessity made the Jews
traffickers; and they projected their
prosperity into commercial callings.
Then they were prohibited from en
gaging In reall trade. In many coun
tries they were not allowed to hold
public office or enter any civic ser
vice. Even in colonial America they
were not permitted to conduct retail
shops or be employed in any civic
capacity. The common council of
New York City decreed that the
Jews should not be privileged to in
dulge their form of worship. This
soon was seen to be a tactiful error,
however, as it was to the economic
advantage of their Gentile competit
ors for the Jews to observe their re
ligious forms by closing their pla
ces of business Saturdays. So this
restriction was repealed in the libel
ed name of Liberty of Conscience.
Here we see the reason for Chris
tians discarding the original Sabbath
and adopting Sunday as their holy
day of rest. Despite the lure of trade
devotion to the decalogue would
cause orthodox Jews to suspend
commerce on Saturdays, when their
custom would go to Christian marts;
while the Gentiles, by virtue of their
numerical supremacy, could compel
Sunday closing by Jews.
The learned professions also were
legally closed to Jews when they out
classed Gentiles therein. In this
country at this time they are not
barred from the higher vocations by
statutory law, but they are exclud
ed to a considerable extent by the
law of prejudice. By constitutional
right the Jew is eligible to high pub
lic office equally with the Gentile,
yet we know how impossible it would
be for a Jew to be elected president
of the nation. Would he be defeated
because of religious prejudice? Not
at all! Deism of the members of
other races does not disqualify them
for this office. Taft, a Unitarian,
was elected chief executive without
the question of his religious affilia
tion being raised. The Jew is ineli
gible solely because he is a Jew. It
is difficult even for a Jew to acquire
a seat in Congress, ( however excell
ent his qualifications; and so far as
I know only one state has had a
Jewish governor. We all can remem
ber the bitter resistance to confirma
tion of the appointment of Louis D.
Brandvis to the United States Su
preme Court, although his mental
equipment and legal attainments
qualify him above all oher members
for a place in that august assem
blage. The simple fact of the Jew's ra
cial affiliation disqualifies him in
Gentile eyes for any public prefer
ment that a Gentile may covet. It
is the Jew's misfortune that he has
the habit of "making good" to a
conspicuous degree. Successful com
petition in the public service is not
less difficult than in business pur
suits. The Jew's administrative abil
ity, if allowed exercise, is as much
a menance to the economic inter
ests of aspiring Gentiles as is his
commercial capacity. Therefore is he
restrained.
It being a known truth that sever
al races equal and seme exceed the
Jews in commercial genius, why is
there special economic discrimina
tion against the latter? The answer
is, their solidarity. They are more
than a race they are a family. This
solidarity the strength of the pack
gives them an immense economic
advantage, and a success quite dis
proportionate to any possible super
iority. The Gentile is prone and
properly, perhaps to question the
justice of such advantage; not real
izing that Jewish solidarity is born
of protective necessity.
The policy of economic exclusion
leads to social ostracism.
Class solidarity, in whatever seg
ment of the social microcosm it may
appear, produces certain invariable
Page Seveit
effects. Thus, when in schools cliques
(this aside from high-school sodali
ties and college fraternities, which
exclude Jews entirely) are formed
by pupils with similar interests,
tastes, and objectives, those not ad
mitted to association combine to
combat the membership of such cot
eries. This action is based upon the
assumption that all organization
is for purpose of co-operation that
affords to its participants special
advantages, to the consequent dis
advantage of individuals not so fa
vored. The same is true in larger
society. This is the crux of the prob
lem of Jewish persecution. The so
lution is to substitute for innumer
able circles that universal co-operation
which is besponken in Israel's
idea of an all-inclusive brotherhood.
Consolidation of interests and exten
sion of co-operation is the tendency
in modern industrial organization,
wherein its successful operation jus
tifies the belief that the plan can be
applied with equal effectiveness to
the body social.
Racial discord will not cease until
the Jew puts himself into harmon
ious relations to the rest of humani
ty. (Next week, "Solidarity and Ex-clusiveness.")
CORSICANA.
Dr. Solomon Re-Elected.
At a special meeting held by the
members of Temple Beth-El last Fri
day evening, Rabbi M. G. Solomoi
was unanimously re-elected for an
other term beginning next Septem
ber. Rabbi Solomon entered upon his
duties as minister of this congrega
tion in the early part of last Febru
ary. He is an ordained rabbi, a grad
uate of both the Hebrew Union Col
lege and the University of Cincin
nati. Among other things, it was
also decided to have the Temple
building repaired during the coming
summer months.
Miss Mose Blumrosen has returned
from a visit to Fort Worth.
Mrs. Sidney Brin of Dallas was
the guest of Mrs. Kal Shwartz last
week.
Miss Nathalia Liebreich of Tyler
was the guest of Miss Camille Jaffa
for several days, having returned to
her home Sunday night
Mrs. Alex Aron of Emhouse en
tertained with a bridge party on last
Thursday afternoon. The invited
guests consisting of five sets of
players, were all from Corsicana and
promptly at 2:30 the cars left for
Emhouse, arriving in due time for
the party to begin. Mrs. Sidney
Marks received the high score prise
and Miss Isabel Kaufman was con
soled with the booby. The out-of-town
guests, Mesdames Isadora Cahn
and Sydney Brin of Dallas and Misa
Nathalia Liebreicht of Tyler were
remembered with favors. A tempting
menu was served, consisting of sand
wiches, fruit salad, olives, cake and
cofee.
Miss Rose Daniels entertained for
the visitors on last Friday afternoon.
Bridge waa chosen as the diversion
for the guests. Three tables were run
and after aome hard fighting games,
Mrs. Abe Greenberg of New York
City, carried away the .high score
prise. The visitors cut for the guet'a
prize and Mrs. Isadora Cohn of Dal
las proved the lucky one. Miss Ray
(Continued on Page 10).
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