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Golden Valley chronicle. (Beach, Billings County, N.D.) 1905-1916, September 29, 1911, Image 10

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89074109/1911-09-29/ed-1/seq-10/

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'Phone us when needing
the services of a competent
Inoculating the soil for alfalfa
is one of the important things in
getting a stand. Supt. Waldron
of the Dickinson sub-station gives
the following instructions:
"It is apparent that most of
our upland prairie lands will need
inoculation. Nearly all farmers
(at least those who have taken an
interest in alfalfa) understand
this term. It is necessary that
certain bacteria be found in the
soil. If they are not there, na
turally. they must be put there.
This planting of the bacteria is
called "Inoculation."
Pure cultures can be obtained,
but the best and safest method is
to secure dirt from a successful
alfalfa field. This dirt should be
sowed over the field at the rate of
200 or 300 pounds per acre, upon
a cloudy day,- or just before a
rain, if possible, and harrowed in.'
Sunshine is injurious to the
«erms. A sack and a half of soil
to the acre will be sufficient, but
if it might be of advantage to
mix this with other dirt to in
sure equable distribution. An
advantage in starting with a
small patch of alfalfa is that when
this patch is well inoculated, a
farmer has an abundance of alfal
fa dirt to inoculate larger areas."
Many farmers who have this
year grown flax on new breaking
are probably questioning as to
what to do with the ground the
coming year.
Our advice is that they should
not put it back in flax. I have
been able to observe the results of
this work sufficient to convence
me that it is a bad policy. It is
not as good a way to save the
volunteer flax as many people
think. What happens is that the
volunteer flax comes up and ripens
much earlier than the crop that is
sown in and is chiefly lost by
shelling by the time the general
crop is ready for harvest.
Furthermore, as we have often
said, it is a bad philosophy to
keep putting the same crop on
the same land in close succession
because it allows the entrance of
parasitic diseases characteristic
of the crop.
Prairie sod does not often rot
•well enough the first year to allow
it ta be properly plowed for the
second crop without making the
land very rough and difficult to
handle. For this reason we ad
vised disking the flax stubble
very thoroughly and cross drilling
it to wheat. We believe, from
what information we have re
ceived, that the results of this ad
vice has worked out well. Volun
teer flax that came up ha? been
generally saved with the wheat by
the binder and there is usually
quite a bit of this, and the wheat
crop has apparently withstood
the season as well under .these
conditions as any other even bet
I quote a letter from a corres
pondent at Beach, N. Dak. He
wri fpc
Beach, Sept 7. 1911.
Prof. H. L. Bolley,
Agricultural College, N. D.
Dear Sir:
You ask what results I got from
disking in wheat on flax stubble
this season. My wheat ran 14
bushels to the acre—and graded
No. 1 hard—62 pounds to the
bushel. Wheat generally did bet
ter in this vicinity on flax stubble
than on plowing this year.
Many" thanks for your advice on
deep plowing, packing, and disk
ing. Will follow your advice to
the letter and await results. I
Yours very respectfully,
E.G. P.
The closing sentence of this
letter refers to my advice given
to this question and to my advice
with regard to what he should do
with regard to the land, above
mentioned, this fall. He wished
to know whether he should plow
or disk it. My advice was to
plow it deep, pack and disk.
Disk it ahead of the plow, plow
deep, pack with heavy packer or
subsurface packer and follow
again by the disks with disks set
straight and the packer again. If
this is done in the fall it would
then be reaiy for any crop in the
spring. —H. L, Boley
Many people complain that their
flax has been breaking over as if
whipped by the wind or gnawed
by insects. The trouble is a disease
which attacks the seeds internally.
Any cankered plant which pro
duces mature seeds will produce
seed which the next season will
produce cankered plants. A small
canker is formed on the young
plant just at or above the seed
leaves immediately following the
time when the young seed leaves
yellow and drop off. This por
tion of the stem never enlarges.
It enlarges above and below this
point and the plant continues to
live and grow until its top causes
it to break over. Wherever
one of these plants fall the
ground for a number of feet about
it the next year will produce al
most entirely cankered plant, but,
this time, the plants will not
break over. They will be yellow
and very sickly, appearing weak,
and all of them will mature more
or less seed that will produce,
next year, real canker plants
that is, plants which break over.
The dryer land regions of the
Missouri river slopes are not very
subject to wilt. It does not seem
to be able to get hold of the
ground to remain there, but canker
spreads rapidly.
This is a real argument for crop
rotation so far as flax is con
cerned. No man can afford to sow
flax twice in succession on his
land if ha wants to continue to
produce good crops. There should
gc between each flax crop three or
four other crops, especially one
or two cultivated crops, the last
crop just preceeding the flax on
such land where, the disease has
been started should be a cultivated
crop Corn furnishes the best re
sults. As this disease is very de
strutcive under dry soil conditions
the farmers must practise deep
plowing on their clay subsoils
so as to allow the water to pene
trate that the plant may have an
abundance of water throughout
the year. Wherever sufficient
water is maintained in the soil to
give the flax plant a normal
growth canker is not able to do
much damage. This condition is
reversed when we consider wilt.
A peculiarity of flax canker is
that the chief source of transmis
sion is internal infection of the
young plant in the seed. Such
plants, when they first come up.
either have yellow seed leaves or
ones with canker on them or
brown spots, and such leaves fall
off early leaving a slight scar
which finally develops into a real
scab or canker which looks like a
place eaten by ants or crickets.
All cankered seed is more or less
shrivelled and light weight.
Farmers should select seed with
this point in view. Plump and
bright colored seed should be
selected, for the reason that such
are not apt to have been grown
upon sick plants. Grade this seed
thoroughly so as to eliminate the
lightest portion of it. Treat the
seed with formaldehyde so as to
kill any spores of the disease
which may be on the outside of
the healthy seeds, dusted there by
the spores falling from the stems
of the diseased plants at threshing
time. Farmers should practise
crop rotation to give this para
sitic disease of flax a chance to
die out of the land. Use culti
vated crops to stir up the soil and
bring the spores of the disease up
to the air so they can* be germi
nated and killed. They should
give deep plowing in order that a
large amount of subsoil moisture
may be maintained.
Eaph farmer should select his
seed flax for next year while the
crop is yet in the field. He will
thus know whether he is selecting
his seed from a diseased area or
from a clean crop.
We hope that this may aid
you in helping others of your
neighborhood to combat this
trouble. We will gladly enclose
circulars giving further informa
tion on the manner of handling
flax to any who send us their ad
dress. —H. L. Bolley.
Although, perhaps, not a weed
of the first importance, yet be
cause of its abundance and itp
fleshy character, it absorbs a large
quantity of moisture and nutri
ment when growing rapidly. The
saed is nearly always found in
dirty grain, but it is small enough
to be easily separated. This plant
is greedily eaten by hogs and
sheep and may be used to clear
ground. Cultivated crops are
valuable in killing the weed.
Drinking Toasts.
The bit of toasted bread that was
deemed such an important ingredi
ent in many an old time drink was
considered a morsel of honor and
fell to the one whose turn came last
to 6ip from the common cup.
The very name toast calls up a
host of anecdotes. The well known
one of the accomplished Judge Sto
ry at a dinner in honor of Everett's
appointment as ambassador to the
court of St. James is ^especially
"Genius—sure to be welcomed
where Everett goes."
The next response to this was:
"Law, equity and jurisprudence—
no efforts can raise them above one
Alphonse Karr, one of the dain
tiest of writers, once gave a toast
at a dinner of physicians by pro
posing "the health of the sick."
Banana Crops.
A crop of bananas is harvested
on an average every fifteen days
throughout the year. Each thrifty
banana plant has many suckers or.
stalks growing from a single root at
the same time. One or more
bunches of the ripening fruit are
cut from a single stalk, while the
other stalks growing from the same
root are left untouched, and in fif
teen days another of the stalks is
shorn of its fruit. This process con
tinues incessantly during the year.
In July and August it is necessary
to cut off the ripening bunches ev
ery ten days, while in December
and January about once a rnontl^is
sufficient, the average throughout
the year being practically fifteen
days.—Mexican Herald.
The Needs of All For Bead
i's Citizens
in Drugs and Toilet Articles are here in great variety and high quality. We
have a full line of fancy soaps, shaving soaps, powders, brushes, sponges, puffs
and all the little needs of the dressing table for the man or woman, Our drugs
are guaranteed pure and fresh, and we make a specialty of quick and careful
compounding of prescriptions.
It Brought the Financial Genius of the
Firm Into Play.
A little cash in hand is some
times worth a. good deal in the fu
ture. A legal firm, says a writer in
the Galveston News, proved the
maxim in rather an amusing man
ner. The firm was composed of
three young fellows who had come
from small towns and by hard work
had gone through the law school.
Their first case of any real account
was looking after the interests of a
man named Davis, who, when his
affairs were settled, made over a
steamboat to his legal advisers as a
It was not much of a steamboat,
but, as the firm decided, 'any kind
of steamboat was better than no fee
at all. On investigation it was
found necessary to make repairs on
the boat, which aggregated some
what over $70, and to pay a watch
man $25 a month to look after it.
The boat would not run, even
after the repairs, and after the one
short trip that was made other re
pairs became necessary. No cus
tomer could be found. Apparently
no one wanted a steamboat.
Then one day McKettrick, one of
the members of the firm, came in.
He did not look happy.
"Boat's broken again," he said.
"Something or other blew off."
"Let's sell it," said one partner.
"Give it away," said the other.
"No," said McKettrick. "I can
trade it for a horse."
The others rose excitedly.
"Do it quick!" they said in uni
"Not much of a horse," said Mc
Kettrick. "It's a Texas pony."
"That doesn't matter," said the
others. "You can sell him."
When McKettrick came back he
was radiant. He danced about in
"I did it!" he said. "All by my
self too! I traded with the fellow
for his pony. Then I went uptown
and sold the pony fbr $15."
me my five," said Barker.
"Me, too," said the other partner.
"Good for you!"
"Well," said McKettrick, "I had
to take his note for ninety days,
but he's good."
^'That's all right, old man," said
'"Nobody but you could have
done it," said Hughes. "Why, if
we'd kept that boat another month
we'd have been in the poorhouse,
all of us!"
"We might discount the note,"
said McKettrick thoughtfully. "T
know a fellow that might give me
$10 for it.''
"Go ahead, Jim," said the part
ners. "You've done so well so far
that you. might as well finish the
whole transaction."
The First Carpets.
Carpets and rugs arf of eastern
origin and are of unknown an
tiquity. They were, made at first
for useful rather than for orna
mental purposes and were em
ployed for sitting or reclining as
well as for -lftieeling in religious
devotion. The carpet manufacture
appears' to have been introduced
into France from Persia during the
reign of Henry IV.—New York
You can make big oney making wells. This i* one of theier
lines of worfc that are not over
crowded. The demund for walla
rf greater than can be supplied by themacMaes not? at work. I
Well Drillers command their own prices, We build the eel»-1
bratedHOWEI#Lline of Well Machinery, for making depp or|
shallow well* of all sizes, for all
purposes and in
all kind* off
gi«#and. Oar machines are the most up-to-date on the mar
a at.
contain all the latest improvements, are extremely scrfc*:*
Bimplo, do perfect work, «re easily operated and are vtry'I VK .•
Workers, write to-day for our free Catalog A.
R. B.H0WEIL& CO., Minneapolis, Kinn.
Notice is hereby given that
default has been made in the con*,
ditions of that certain mortgage
made by F. H. Bublitz of Beach,
county of Billings, and (state of
North Dakota, mortgagor, to A.
J. O'Keefe of Beach, county of
Billings and state of No. Dak.,
mortgagee, dated the 27th day of
March, 1911, and which note and
mortgage were duly assigned to
Reeves & Co., to secure the follow
ing indebtedness, to-wit:
One note dated March 27, 1911
due November 1st, 1911, for
$310.00 and which deed was
duly filed in the office of the
register of deeds of Billings coun
ty, state of North Dakota, on thfe
29th day of March, 1911, at 10
o'clock a. m., and which default is
of the following nature, to-wit:
That the mortgagor has abandoned
the mortgaged property and the
assignee of mortgage feels itself
unsafe and insecure, and that
there is claimed to be due on said
mortgage at the date of this notice
the sum of three hundred thirty
one and 70-100 dollars for principal
and interest.
And that said mortgage will be
foreclosed by a sale of the per
sonal property in such mortgage
and hereinafter described, at
public auction, agreeably to the
statutes in such case made and
provided at front door of the U.
S. postofF.ee, in the city of Beach,
in the county of Billings, state of
North Dakota, at the hour of 2
o'clcok, p. m., on Friday, the 6th
day of October, 1911. That per
sonal property which will be sold
tp satisfy said mortgage is de
scribed as follows, to-wit: 1 sor
rel gelding, 8 years old 1 bay
gelding 4 years old.
—Reeves & Co.,
Headquarters for
school Supplies
Assignee of Mortgagee.
—Turner & Murphy,
Attorneys for Mortgagee,
Fargo, North Dakota.
Notice is hereby given that de
fault has been made in the condi
tions ^of that certain mortgage
made by Frank J. Bublitz, J. H.
Russell and Ferdinand Bublitz of
Beach, county of Billings, and
state of North Dakota, mortgagors
to Reeves & Co., (Incorporated) of
Columbus, county of Bartholomew^
and state of Indiana, mortgagee,
dated the 19th day of April, 1910,
to secure the following indebted
ness, to-wit:
One note dated April 13th,
1910, due November 15th, 1910,
for $1,176.00, and which deed was
duly filed in the office of the
register of deeds of Billings coun
ty. state of North Dakota, on the
23rd day of April, 1910, at 9
o'clock a. m., and which default
is of the following nature,,to-wit:
Non-payment of the above de
scribed note and that there is
claimed to be due on said mort
gage at the date of this notice the
sum of thirteen hundred forty
and 36-100 dollars for principal
and interest.
Farm Lands, Real Estate Loans,
Insurance and Collections
We extend to our customers every courtesy
consistent with safe and prudent banking
And thgt said mortgage will be
foreclosed by a sale of the person
al property in such mortgage and
hereinafter described, at public
auction, agreeably to the statute
in such case made and provided,
at lot two (2), block' twelve (12),^
Near's first addition to the city of
Beach, in the city of Beach, in
the county of Billings, state of
North Dakota, at the hour of 2
o'clock p. m.. on Friday, the 6th
day of October, 1911.. That per
sonal property which will be sold
to satisfy said mortgage is de
scribed as follows, to-wit: jj[
One Reeves 25 horse-power
jacketed traction double-cylinder
coal burner cross compound engine
No. 5223, complete with steam jet
and hose and attachments 1 set
12 in. extension wheels 1 un
mounted steel tank No. 925.
—Reeves & Co.,
A. J. JUST, Cashier
Artbiir Barclay, Tins. H. Meld, Frank Emersen, C. E. Ward
—Turner & Murphy,
Attorneys for Mortgagee,
Fargo, North Dakota.
Yates, Montana
Capital Stock, $20,000.00

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