Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY, MARCH 13, 1914
Hi SR I 5* Bring in your mail 1 order catalog and| let us figure your* bill 1 CYLINDERS Gas or bteam Rebored or ground PISTONS We handle everything to be found in large department stores. THE BIG STORE E. E. DICKIN90N Pres. and Manager 1 Machine Shop and GARAGE Made to order any kind RINGS All sizes BRASS FOUNDARY Aluminum and Brass Castings George M. Stockwell Co. Give at a trial. Blanche Street Beach, N. D. Deach Opera House C. F. SMITH, Manager DANCE St. Patrick's Night Good music and a good lime as usual Admission $1.00 OME TO US FOR Anything —in the— Building Line Golden Valley hunber Yard A. k. THOMPSON, «|r. Job Printing promptly and neatly turned out at the Chronicle printing office *!j ,1 I *r" *. GEARS Spur or Bevel cut to oider by Cyiiodial System BUSHINGS Bronze or Babbitt PATTERNS Wood or Metal AUTO REPAIRING Tires, Sundries, Storage BLACKSM1THING W 1 Si I Ki I UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE as well as ruts the VWTM4 WASHINGTON, D. C.. MARCH 13, 1914 COST AND LOCATION OF EARTH ROADS. The cost of hauling over country roads is largely determined by the size of the load that can be hauled, the number cf trips that can be made in a day, and the wear and tear on teams and equipment, according to the Office of Public Roads. Steep grade*, and mudholes, serve to decreeso both the speed and the load. On the principle that a chain is no stronger than its weakest link, the maximum 's load that a team can draw load that it can draw up the steepest hill or through the deepest mudhole on that road. Wherever possible roads should be located on straight lines between ter minal points. In hilly or mountainous country, however, the attempts to keep roads straight between terminals often leads to the serious error of heavy grades. Straightness and grade, there fore, he handled together. The best location is one which is straight in general direction, is free from steep grader, is located on solid ground, and serves the largest possible num. bcr of people. Roads should 'be lo cated for the benefit of the public, as well as the private landowner. The elimination of one or two steep hills on a line of road will fre quently enable horses to draw three or four times as much as they could draw on the old road. It takes approximate ly four times as much power to draw loads up 10 per cent grades (10 feet vertical in 100 feet horizontal) as on a level but o« a 4 per cent or 5 per cent grade a horse can usually draw (for a short time) as much as he can draw on a level. A 4 per cent grade is, therefore, considered the maximum on roads subject to heavy hauling. over the hill—the handle of the bucket is no longer when held in a horizontal position than in a vertical. By going around we avoid two steep hills. If the road must pass up a steep hill or mountain sides the steepest of the grade may be decreased by in creasing the length of the road. In other words, eliminate steep grades by locating the road on curved or zigzag lines, and aot in a straight line from the bottom to the top of the hill. These curves should be carefully plotted and the straight stretches located with an instrument. This improves the looks oi the road and does aot add mater ially to its cost. Meaning of a One-Foot Grade. In studying the relation of grade to distance the following cauculation is interesting: To lift a ton I foot high requires 2,000 foot-pounds of energy on a road the surface of which offers 100 pounds of tractive resistence per ton the same energy would roll the ton a horizontal distance of 20 feet. 'To save I foot of grade the road may therefore be lengthened 20 feet. Roads should never be located so close to stream bed* as to be subject to overflow, or cm ground which is constantly damp and marshy. The earth road should have at least six hoars of sunshine each day. This can be secured either by locating the roadroad with southern or weatern ex posure or by having such brash and Armed Interven tion Demanded Senator Fall of Haw Mexico Urges Im mediate Protection of Foreigners Held Attentioa of Gallery for Throo Hours While Ho Attacked Wibon. Washington. March 12.—Armed in tervention in Mexico was demanded in the senate last Monday by Senator Fall, a republican from New Mexico, urging protection for Americana and other foreigners there. Tho gaDeriee were crowded and remained so nntil Senator Shively. of Indiana, had spok en for the administration, expressing regret that the subject had been die cussed in open eeseion, averring that no adequate suggestion had been of fered to compose tho difficulty. Fall, in a lengthy narration of the incidents of outragee to Americans in Mexico, held tho interest of the as semblage three houra. Assailing .the policy of tho administration as inade-. quate in the situation, declaring Presi dent Wilson knew nothing about the real conditions, that had been mis taken in every act of kis adminiatmtion toward Mexico, Fall pleaded for inter vention for tke protection in order to avoid war. Emphasizing the danger of war with a great foreign power un less something was speedily done. Fall referred to the commente of the Ger man press over the killing of Benton, the Britisher, by order of General Villa and declared. North Dak. Has Best Weather Other portions of the country have suffered much severe and unusual weather, this winter. Frosts clear down to the Gulf, the Central states swept by wind and snow and sleet, the At- GOLDEN VALLEY CHRONICLE ISSUED BY SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE. DEADLY TYPHOID FLY notion of trees as impede the ^ry'n the sun and wind removed. With gravel and stone roads this is not so necessary, as a certain amount of moisture is needed on such roads, especially in the summer time. Relocating roads is not an engineer ing problem alone. One must also consider the effect of the road on those who now live upon it. Many farm ers dislike to have the road placed back of their house or out of sight of it. It requires tact and good judg ment to secure a suitable location with out arousing harsh antagonism. ACQUAINTANCE Fever Tick. "We have never heard names of the typhoid fly OLD AN IN DIS GUISE. Department of Agriculture Investigates Certain Disease-bearing Insects, In cluding Stable Fly, and the Spotted of the ty phoid fly," the average person will jsay on hearing that insect mentioned. The typhoid fly is merely an old ac quaintance in disguise. The Depart ment of Agriculture's scientists have decided that this is the most appro priate name for the insect commonly known as the "house fly," which is a most dangerous creature although con sidered at most simply a nuisance by many people. This fly is one of the most active agents in spreading typhoid fever. It spreads Asiatic cholera and other diseases of the intestines. It ha even been known to be a minor factor in spreading tuberculosis. If Another name which the coud be pop ularized perhaps a more general idea could be given of the danger that lurks .wherever the pest is present. has been sug gested for this pest is even better than the ordinary term "house fly." This is manure fly. The insect is quite us partial to manure as it is The department is to the bouse. Its chief breeding place is the manure heap. In eradicating th«v breeding place of this pes-t. however, the department is seeking a that will accomplish the method work without lessening the value of the ferliU/.er. Satisfactory progress has bee.i made and announcements concerning new methods probably will be issued soon. The fly season begins in the South during the last part of February, and the department's investigator of mal arial mosquitoes there is also consid ering methods for controlling the ty phoid fly. also investigating the stable fly, which is an important enemy to agriculture, in that it serious ly reduces the value of live stock. It is also suspected of carrying infantile paralysis. In Montana the department is conducting another investigation of a disease-bearing insect. This is the carrier of "spotted fever"—a species of tick in the northern Rocky Moun tain region. Still another investiga tion has to do with the possibility that pellagra is transmitted by insect. This has not yet been proven. The Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Entomology has a bulletin for distribution dealing with the ty phoid ly. Remedies and preventives are recommended. lantic Coast ravaged half a dozen days during the winter by fierce storms which have taken their toll of lives and property. Floods and gales along the the Pacific, and hat recently the en tire east was swept by one of the fiercest storms in many years. North Dakota has been pecularily favored. Winter weather wae entirely absent until the middle of January. Cold then set in, but, while the temper ture dropped away down, there has been storm worthy of the name, no badly drifting enow, no discomfort. There has not been a day during the entire winter when people have not gone out of doors about their reguler business, without the slightest discom fort. It has truly been a great winter ia this section. Mill City Men Take Over Bank Mandan, N. D.. March 12 J. P. Eraster and several Minneapolis capi talists whoja ho is representing, prob ably will take over the affaire of tke Farmers and Merckants hank of this city, now in the hands of tho state benk examiner. Eraster is ia tke city conducting an inquiry into to bank's condition, the purpose being to etermine the pos sibility of successful reorganization. Depositors, it was announced, will be fully protected against loi WELCOME NEWS FOt LOCAL PEOPLE People In this town will be glad to hear that the mixture of simple buck thorn bark, glycerinc, etc., known as Adler-1-ka, can be obtained at our store. This simple repiedy became famous by curing appendicitis and it has been found that JUST A SINGLF POSE relieves sour stomach, gas ot tbe stomach and constipation T\ STANTLY because it drains off sit- FtfnHs'nsr amount of old foul ter from the body. O. Stensurd. Druggist.—Ad«. 1 INSTINCT AND INTELLECT. The Broad Difference Between the Acta of the Two Powers. For ninny- .vi-ars if has boon the cus tom to liiinU of instinct mid intclli gt'ii't- is .(!( over N.winst oik-Ii other. Tlic tonncr roprvseiits tin: iniu'riled rtv :u-ii:i,s of tin .iiiiiM.-i! Uu latfr si£iti lics Iin 1st* jii-fs which t!n iinini.'il leani.s 111 tlic i-oiirsu of its individual life and its |)u\vi-r tu learn in this fashion. liistini tivt acts aiv "iH-rlVct the very lirst lime.'' \vhik iiilelli-cnt acts are slowly acquired, in so far as an ani mal is do|HMidont on its instincts, it is tho victim of its ancestry and of its immediate environment. Ill so far as it is intelligent, it can adapt its en vironment to itself, can rise nliove its immediate tsurroundiims and act iu the light of it distant, end to he accom plished. Instinct is blind as to the outcome of its action. Intelligence foresees and tiiodilies its behavior in the li.ulit of its foresight. The supreme example of in stinct has been lht» wusp going Uirotixli au elaborate course of action to pro vide food for its yet un hutched off spring, seeking out a particular species of caterpillar, .stinging every segment Just enough to stun the animal, but not kill it, and then depositing the worm nt the bottom of its newly made uest where it lias laid its egg. covering up the cell and then leaving, never to see the larvae nor to live to do tbe game act another season. Tile supremely in telligent animal to man. possessiug tho earth b.v the genius of his intellect— II. E. Huggerty in Atlantic Monthly. BROKEN ENGLISH. Inst week. Is that right?" "No: you should say just 'broke' there." "Ah. veil: I think I am aaarly broke myself ly those verbs of yeurs! And he went sadly ea bis way.— Pearson's Weekly. Food and Its Flavor, la a plei for better food In 'America —really ••lire food, better cooked—thi Journal of the American Medical A«se elation calls on doctors and a arses to make tbe subject "of serious national import" "We cook food for at least four reasons." says tho Journal, "to sterilise it. to make il antritiens. to render ti mere easily digestible and ts Improve or vary Its Saver. Tho Inst of these ts at least as Important an any of tho otbera. Whan the gustatory nerves tingle la rssp—ss t* the stta* •lus of some care sstidlinswl or ass bm the aattva lews ta syous suits steak, and the digestive Jatoss. bgr whose bealga Inlasooos food Is fsmed late aourtshmoat, salutary and fullest sissnnrs Yhe pie and plssssst way ts a boot Is to pay proper flavor of food." A Mhytbmieal Criticism, resteer Bmadsr Matthews talking of eartaln pact have fallen tat* Washington Star. Tho pant part let pie est la Bagtaad. altboagk It adll ttapees ofe with ea. la Bagtaad jsttes ti at •Mst as etaetoto as "puttoo." la urn parts of Caaibertaad the vlUagsss attll and pattsa. and a tssshsr ae af a Isasea es bbt past parttelplas wbonta she gave her pa pUs aa exerotse to watts aa the black board. efela begaa to laaflh. Ms aaksd Mai why ha was lawghlag. aad ha aa- "Joe's pat have Beth Sidee of N. Jehaay-What does it asoaa is say "ssstag Ibo ha awe us sMe of tbiags." dad? father-Weil, let as take aa ex aaipta. Bow ssaay stdea has a haaana skta. flsr tastaaoe? Jehaay Two. Father Biaetly. Aad whoa name oth er asaa shsps en the baaaaa skta ho sees the serious side of It aad yea ase I*! "Vow." said Mia. Ooodart *if yea do a Mtle work for me. I'll give yoa a geed taeel after awhile." "May. tody." replied Hnagry Bawkes. "you'll git off cheaper If yer glaiiae do bmoI aow. Work alwaye gives aw a lerce appetite." -Birhaage. Loekiag dowa aa others Is aot the way to Make thoa look sp to eor sotvsa. Hougen Tailor Shop First class tailoring in all its ranches——Cleaning, Pressing and repairing done on short notice- All work guaranteed satisfactory in every particular. Reasonable charges. 0. C. Hougan & Son BEACH, N. DAK. v» Had Wrestling Match a Frenchman With One Little Verb. He was a bard working and intelli gent Frenchman, bat the verbs still troubled him. "Ah. yes, m'sieur, I saw lira. Brown tile other day," be said to an English friend, "and she telled—1 qiean. told— me that her school was soon to break down." "Break up. surely?" "Ah. yes. break up! Tour verbs do trouble me so yet! Break up—that was it!" "Why was she going to let her school break up so early'?" "itecause influenza had hroUeii down In it." "ISroken out. It i* a bit pusr.ling, isn't It?" "Broken out—ah. yes! And she is going to leave the heuse ia charge of caretaker, as she foars it might be broken— How do I say that, please?" "Broken into. I expect." "That is it. Broken into—by tke burglars." "Is her son married yet' "No the engagement is broken la "Broken olT. Oh. I hadn't heard of that! Is she worried almut it?' "He only broke up the news to her Don't buy a range until you see the "Range Eter nal for the home" for sale by— Thirty Particular Points of A N E I A S O N HENRY SUNDERS Dealer in General Merchandise Complete line of Groceries, Shoes and Dry Goods Agency for Fahrney's Alpenkranter .ytriMKifir-ir-i ririr-1 ri nr P««« Thrw I—i i:gh ba'.k on all high closets. 2— Substantial nickel plated channel steel closet brackets. 3 Heavy nickel plated steel tea shelves. 4—Three ply wall at back end of fire box. 5 Vent ho!e» .n all linings. —6—Verv large pouch feed. ^—Poker door. 8—Cogs outside of fire box, properly enclosed. 9—Malleable ron end draft. I 0 Three ply wall be tween ash pit and oven flue. I I—Ther mometer in every oven door. 12—Triple flue bottom. 13—Ash sheds. 14— Triple ash pii bottom. 15—Detachable dust cup. 6—Damper in first joint cl pipe. I 7—Drop door with nickel plated frame. 16—Full polished tops on all ranges. 19—Heavy copper lined reser voir cover. 20—Arched oven top. 21 Malleable iron reservoir top. 22 1 inch nickel plated towel rod. 23—Heavy copper reservoir with stee! nsintj. 24— Porcelain enameled reservoir pocket, met al. 26—Reservoir anchor. 27—Three ply back flue. 28—Lapped and welded oven seams. 29—Two ply welded oven bottom. 30—Three plv* ranee bnrlin ItiriWfiriririflWflPirillF uroni3iaiaiaiai3imaiaiai3aiai»i»3ctuiJUUUiJi |j Private Sale One Hart Parr engine One set of engine gang plows Two sets double discs with engine hitches 15 sections of steel harrow Three wagon tanks Two McCormick reapers Three cows Three yearlihg steers One 2 and two 1 year old steers One team horses One cream separator Anyone desiring any of the above articles can bny tame at a sadrifice. I will be at the J. R. Smith farm on Wednesday March 5th. Call phone 149R Mrs. J. R. SMITH yoTx/ L' 4 I A A I Buy It Because It's a Better Car Model Touring Car f. o. b. Detroit $550 Morris & Mathison, Agents, Beach, N. D.